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Vibration Analysis Severity Guide

Overall

Version 2.8

Unbalance

Coupling
Misalignment
Target
<1.4 mm/s rms
<62 um p-p

Common alarm levels
(Disp below 10 hz)
OA/spect Alarm Increase

Looseness

Bent Shaft

Minor
Moderate
2.8 mm/s rms(or +1) 4.5 mm/s rms(or +2)
127 um p-p
200 um p-p

Resonance

Major
7.1 mm/s rms
320 um p-p

Blade Pass

Bearing fault

Lubrication fault

(based on AS2625-4)

Minor
1 g rms
avg +2SD for pkview

Minor
1 g rms
avg +2SD for pkview

Rub

Broken Gear
Tooth

Broken Rotor
Bars

1x

2x

1x

1x

blade pass

blade pass

Gear Wear/
Eccentricity

Belt Faults

n/a

Pump Cavitation Eccentric Air Gap Loose Rotor Bars

Gear assembly
phase error

n/a

Do not increase

Increase x1.6 for flex mounting or short term and x2.5 for very rough machines (eg reciprocating)
1x

Gear
Misalignment

log
.

log 1x
.
. 1/3x

.
BPOR

Spectrum

ELEC 1x

GM 2xGM

GM 2xGM

blade pass

100Hz

GM

2xRBPF
2/nGM
1/nGM

Peak in spectrum

10kHz
Target

<

1 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

0.5 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

NIL

NIL

NIL

NIL

NIL

Good

<

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

1.5 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

0.1 mm/s x rpm/1000

0.2 g rms

0.1 mm/s rms

1 g peak

0.05 mm/s rms

0.3 mm/s x rpm/1000

NIL

1 mm/s x rpm/1000 0.1 mm/s x rpm/1000

0.1 mm/s rms

0.2 mm/s rms

0.2 mm/s rms

0.2 mm/s rms

NIL

0.3 mm/s rms

0.5 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

0.5 mm/s x rpm/1000
0.5 mm/s x rpm/1000

Minor

>

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

1.5 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

0.1 mm/s x rpm/1000

0.2 g rms

0.1 mm/s rms

1 g peak

0.05 mm/s rms

1 mm/s x rpm/1000 0.1 mm/s x rpm/1000

0.3 mm/s rms

0.5 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

Moderate

>

4 mm/s rms

4 mm/s rms

3 mm/s rms

4 mm/s rms

4 mm/s rms

4 mm/s rms

0.3 mm/s x rpm/1000

0.5 g rms

0.2 mm/s rms

2 g peak

0.1 mm/s rms

2 mm/s x rpm/1000 0.3 mm/s x rpm/1000

0.6 mm/s rms

1 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

2 mm/s x rpm/1000

Major

>

6 mm/s rms

6 mm/s rms

5 mm/s rms

6 mm/s rms

6 mm/s rms

6 mm/s rms

1 mm/s x rpm/1000

1 g rms

0.5 mm/s rms

3 g peak

0.3 mm/s rms

3 mm/s x rpm/1000

1 mm/s x rpm/1000

1.5 mm/s rms

2 mm/s rms

3 mm/s rms

3 mm/s rms

3 mm/s x rpm/1000

Dominant Frequency in
velocity spectrum

1x

1x

2x or 1x

1x

1x or at other forcing
frequency

No. of blades x
running speed

Bearing Defect
Frequencies (noninteger multiples of
running speed)

"Haystack" above
1kHz (around a
resonance)

1/2x or 1/3x
harmonics

1x spikes in time
waveform

Sidebands at No. of
poles x slip around
1x,2x etc.

Gear mesh freq &
harmonics particularly 2xGMF
and 3xGMF

Sidebands around
GM at 1x input shaft
&/or 1x output shaft

BF (Belt Frequency)
usually 0.2x to 0.5x

Raised noise floor

2x Line Freq (100Hz)

2x RBP (Rotor Bars x
running speed) usually 50x to 100x

Subharmonics of
gearmesh

Other Frequencies

None

2x & sometimes 3x

Running speed
harmonics, possible
1/3x or 1/2x multiples

None

Raised noise floor
near resonance

Blade pass
harmonics

Brg Freq harmonics +
1x or FTF sidebands

Brg Freq harmonics

1/2x or 1/3x
harmonics

Possible slight
increase in 1x and
gearmesh

Sidebands at No. of
poles x slip around
1x,2x etc.

Sidebands around
harmonics of GM

Many multiples of BF
- particularly 2xBF

Blade pass freq &
harmonics

None

Sidebands at 2x line
freq (100Hz) around
2x RBP

NB For shaft speeds
above 2000 rpm use
2000 rpm in
calculation

Notes

Notes:

NB For shaft speeds
1.Gear mesh vibration is above 2000 rpm use
very load sensitive 2000 rpm in
should be measured at calculation
normal loading.
2. For shaft speeds
above 2000 rpm use
2000 rpm in calculation

NB For shaft speeds
above 2000 rpm use
2000 rpm in
calculation

i) Vibration must be collected under normal load in a steady state condition for severity values to be valid. ii) Based on AS 2625 part 4:2003 Group 2 rigid mounted machines which is the most universal category.

Produced by Bruce Evans 0429 984 282

Printed on 23/03/2015