You are on page 1of 29

ENGINEERING STANDARD

Title: PIPING MATERIAL


SPECIFICATION
Approvals:

Sponsor

Name:
Signature:
Date:

M.C. Donald
on org file
2011-11-12

Standard No.... Doc. No...


Page : 1 of 15
Issue Date : December, 2011
Manager, Stationary
Director, Specialty
Equipment
Engineering
A. Lincoln
S. Stallone
on org file
on org file
2011-11-12
2011-11-12

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SCOPE
1.0
2.0
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9

.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................

Page
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

ATTACHMENTS
5.0
Abbreviations for Piping Specifications
5.1
Valve Tag Numbering

.......................
.......................

4
5

ATTACHMENTS FIGURES
Fig. 5.2
Standard Installation Detail - Utility Station Fig. 5.2.1 Special Fabricated Larger Diameter Reducers
Fig. 5.2.2 Four Weld 90 LR Miter Elbow

.......................
.......................
.......................

6
7
8

SCOPE
CODES, STANDARDS AND REFERENCES
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
Design Considerations
Line Class Notes
Item Descriptions
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS
Pipe
Fittings
Flanges
Branch Connections
Gaskets
Valves
Assembly Details
Testing and Examination
Pressure/Temperature Limits

Fig. 5.2.3
Fig. 5.2.4
Fig. 5.2.5
Fig. 5.2.6
Fig. 5.2.7
Fig. 5.2.8
Fig. 5.2.9

Four Weld 45 LR Miter Elbow


Perforated Temporary Conical Strainers
T-Type Strainers
Drip Rings
Product Sampler Cooler
Tolerances for Pipe Fabrication
Marking of Line Blinds & Spectacle Blinds
Standard No.... Doc. No....
Issue Date
PIPING MATERIAL
SPECIFICATION

December,
2011

.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................
.......................

9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Page
2 of 15

1.0 SCOPE
1.1 This Standard contains the basic information for piping material and Valve specifications.
The actual specifications are contained in Piping Material and Valve Specifications Manuals,
available in the "Client" Intranet system. The Piping Material and Valve Specifications are
considered a part of this Standard and shall be used in conjunction with this Standard.
1.1.1 These specifications are intended to supplement the full technical requirements defined in
accordance with the "Client" Standards referenced below.
1.2 Where approvals are indicated in this Standard, this refers to "Client" or its designated
representative, hereinafter referred to as "Client".
1.3 Any discrepancy between this Standard and other contract or procurement documents or
specification, unless specifically indicated as an exception, shall be submitted by the
Contractor/Manufacturer/Supplier to "Client" for a written ruling.
1.4 All measurements are expressed in U.S. Conventional System of Measurement, followed by,
in parenthesis, the equivalent SI units (metric). All SI units are for reference only and shall not be
interpreted as a precise conversion.
1.5 Any proposed deviations from this Standard shall be submitted in writing to "Client" for
review and approval. It is the responsibility of the individual(s) who request deviation to submit
a request form in a timely manner, and in accordance with "Client" Procedure SEP 107B,
Preparation of Addenda to and Deviations from "Client" Engineering Standards.
2.0 CODES, STANDARDS AND REFERENCES
The latest editions of the following Codes and Standards in effect on the date of contract award
shall be used.
2.1 "Client" Engineering Standards and Guidelines

Doc. No... Piping

Doc. No... Flanges, Bolting and Gaskets

Doc. No... Piping Stress Analysis and Pipe Supports

Doc. No... Piping Layout Arrangement and Accessibility

Doc. No... Valves

Doc. No... Piping Systems for Gaseous Oxygen Service

Doc. No... Valve Procurement

Doc. No... Galvanizing

Doc. No... Coatings for Buried Steel Pipe

Doc. No... Welding of Pressure Vessels, Piping and Tankage

Doc. No... Temperature Instrumentation

Doc. No... Flange Bolt-Up

Doc. No... Substitutes for Asbestos Based Gasketing

Doc. No... Materials of Construction for Low Temperature Service

Doc. No... Materials of Construction (MOC) for General Services

2.2 American Petroleum Institute (API)

API 594 Wafer Check Valves

API 600 Steel Gate Valves, Flanged or Buttwelding Ends

API 602 Compact Carbon Steel Gate Valves

API 607 Fire Test for Soft-Seated Quarter Turn Valves

API 608 Metal Ball Valves

API 609 Butterfly Valves, Lug Type and Wafer Type

2.3 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

ASME B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (inch)

ASME B16.5 Steel Pipe Flanges and Pipe Fittings

ASME B16.9 Wrought Steel Buttweld Fittings

ASME B16.10 Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions Ferrous Valves

ASME B16.11 Forged Steel Fittings Socketwelding and Threaded

ASME B16.20 Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges - Ring-Joint, Spiral Wound and
Jacketed

ASME B16.21 Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges

ASME B16.25 Buttwelding Ends

ASME B16.34 Steel Valves - Flanged and Buttwelding Ends

ASME B16.36 Orifice Flanges

ASME B16.47 Large Diameter Steel Flanges

ASME B16.48 Steel Line Blanks

ASME B31.1 Power Piping

ASME B31.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping

ASME B36.10 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe

ASME B36.19 Stainless Steel Pipe

Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes:


Section I Power Boilers
Section II Material Specifications
Section VIII Pressure Vessels, Division 1

2.4 Manufacturer Standard Society Practice (MSS)

MSS SP-25 MSS Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unions

MSS SP-45 Bypass and Drain Connection Standard

2.5 Process Industry Practice (PIP)


PIP PNSM0001 Piping Line Class Designator System
Standard No.... Doc. No....

Issue Date

Page

PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION

December, 2011

2 of 15

3.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS


3.1 Design Considerations
3.1.1 Unless otherwise noted in the specifications, all pressures and temperatures referred to shall
be considered Design Conditions. Design Conditions shall be as defined in Doc. No....
3.1.2 Piping component wall thicknesses are based on pressure design thickness, taking into
account the specified corrosion allowance and any permitted manufacturer under tolerance.
Piping component wall thickness does not include additional thickness that may be required to
compensate for design considerations such as thermal loads due to restraints, live loads,
hydraulic shock, loads on underground pipe, or loads or forces from other sources. Additional
loads will need to be considered in the design of piping systems.
3.1.3 Unless otherwise indicated in the specifications, piping components are specified to be
adequate for the full flange rating of the pressure class.
3.2 Line Class Notes
3.2.1 Each pipe specification contains specific numbered notes (in parenthesis) that pertain to
one individual component or to a group of components, as well as a list of additional
requirements that pertain to the entire specification.
3.2.2 Line class notes are provided in page 4 of this Standard. The information contained in these
notes shall be read and adhered to ensure compliance with the line class specification.
3.3 Item Descriptions
3.3.1 The item descriptions on the individual line class are abbreviated, and may be used for
purchasing the item with the exception of Valves. Abbreviations are contained in page 4 of this
Standard.
3.2.2 The complete purchase description for Valves is contained in the Valve specifications, and
shall be followed to ensure compliance with the pipe specifications.
4.0 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

4.1 Pipe
4.1.1 Welded pipe shall not be substituted for seamless pipe. Seamless pipe may be substituted
for welded pipe in all services, sizes and materials.
4.1.2 Where "CALC" is specified for piping material wall thickness, the wall thickness shall be
calculated in accordance with the applicable ASME B31 Code.
4.1.3 Stainless steel, electric fusion welded (EFW) pipe (ASTM A 358) may be substituted for
ASTM A 312 EFW pipe for sizes 14 in. NPS and above.
4.1.4 Carbon steel seamless pipe, ASTM A 106B, may be substituted for ASTM A 53B, Type S,
and seamless pipe in all sizes.
4.1.5 Where joint factors are specified for pipe, these factors shall be taken as minimum values.
Use of pipe with joint factors in excess of these values is acceptable. If pipe manufactured with a
higher joint factor than listed on the specification is used, the minimum joint factor listed on the
specification shall be used when calculating wall thicknesses of the pipe.
4.1.6 Double Submerged Arc Welded (DSAW) pipe shall be used for all EFW stainless steel
pipes. If DSAW pipe is not available, EFW pipe with a single butt joint having a joint factor of
0.80 shall be used for 8 in. NPS and smaller.
4.2 Fittings
4.2.1 Welded fittings shall not be substituted for seamless fittings. Seamless fittings may be
substituted for welded fittings in all services, sizes and materials.
4.2.2 Dimensions of all fittings shall be in accordance with the industry standard referenced on
the individual specification.
4.2.3 Buttweld fittings shall have a wall thickness to match the wall thickness of the adjoining
pipe. Fittings of commercially available wall thickness shall be used even though the fitting may
have a slightly larger wall thickness than the adjoining pipe. The ends of the fitting shall be taper
bored if the thickness of the fittings exceeds that of the pipe by more than 1/16 in. (1.6 mm).
Taper boring shall not result in an infringement on the minimum wall thickness.
4.2.4 Long radius elbows are required for all buttweld elbows. Short radius elbows shall only be
used with "Client" approval.
4.2.5 Use of Lokring Fittings
LOKRING fittings are generally recognized in the industry as a robust pressure containing
device that can be easily and quickly installed without a hot work permit. These features can be
highly attractive when considering the installation cost. However, there is limited experience
within "Client" on the overall long term performance for these fittings, so the potential for long

term reliability and maintenance issues must be considered, such as inspection limitations and
the potential for crevice corrosion, water freeze damage and stress corrosion cracking due to the
inherent crevice between components and the high sealing stresses. For these reasons LOKRING
fittings are considered an acceptable alternative for use in pipe specifications provided all the
limitations described below have been met:
1. Must be approved for the intended service by the local jurisdiction or governing body for
pressure equipment. (Note: ASME B31 proof testing requirements have been satisfied.)
2. The fittings are used in Category D (as defined in Doc. No...) or utility services as
follows:
Air, Water, Nitrogen (Outdoor Service Only) and Low pressure steam and condensate
service with a maximum design pressure of 200 PSIG.
3. The applicable pipe specification allows the use of Socket Weld construction for the
services described in item 2 above.
4. Installation shall be only for Carbon Steel piping systems up to 500F (260C) and
Stainless Steel piping systems up to 120F (49C).
5. Sizes up to and including 3 in. NPS.
6. Manufacturer trained and certified personnel must perform the installation utilizing
manufacturer approved tool kits and installation procedures. Consult LOKRING for
guidance: www.lokring.com.
7. These fittings shall not be installed in piping systems which historically have shown
susceptibility to crevice corrosion.
8. No installations shall be made in service applications with high pulsation or vibration
forces.
9. No installation in any piping systems that require post weld heat treatment.
10. Fittings shall be grit blasted and painted in accordance to Doc. No....
11. Fittings operating below 300F (149C) shall be sealed with a temperature resistant
silicone caulking to prevent the ingress of water.
12. After installation, perform 100% visual inspection to verify the NOGO gage markings are
indicating proper installation (marking partially covered), the fitting body protrudes from
underneath the swage ring, and remaining gaps are acceptable per the LOKRING
installation procedure.
4.3 Flanges

4.3.1 Dimensions and surface finishes of all flanges shall be in accordance with the industry
standard referenced on the individual specification.
4.3.2 Buttweld flanges shall have a wall thickness to match the wall thickness of the adjoining
pipe. Flanges of commercially available wall thickness shall be used even though the flange may
have a slightly larger wall thickness than the adjoining pipe. The end of the flange shall be
tapering bored if the thickness of the flange exceeds that of the pipe by more than 1/16 in. (1.6
mm). Taper boring shall not result in an infringement on the minimum wall thickness.
4.3.3 Orifice flanges shall be Class 300 minimum. Orifice flanges shall be ordered in pairs and
shall have Socketweld taps. Class 150 utility services, specifications PLC... and PLC..., may use
threaded orifice taps.
4.3.4 When mating to cast iron flat-face flanges is required, a carbon steel flat-face flange with a
full-face gasket shall be used. Full-face gasket material shall be compatible with process stream
and shall be in accordance with Doc. No... requirements.
4.3.5 When mating to cast steel flat-face flanges is required; a raised-face flange shall be used.
The gasket shall be of a type and material that meets the requirements of the piping specification.
4.3.6 Flanges installed in acid/caustic service (as defined in Doc. No...) or other hazardous
material shall be protected with a flange safety shield when a potential for exposure to personnel
and/or equipment exists.
4.4 Branch Connections
4.4.1 ASME B16.9 welding tees shall be used when branch connections are size on size.
Reducing tees shall be used when the branch run is one nominal size less than the header run.
4.4.2 Except where indicated on the individual line classes, integrally reinforced branch
connections shall be used for branch runs NPS 8 and smaller.
4.4.3 Full area replacement shall be used for branch connections above NPS 8. The reinforcing
pad thickness shall equal the header thickness, and the reinforcing pad width shall equal 1/2 the
outside diameter of the branch. The material of the reinforcing pad shall match the material of
the header.
4.4.4 Reserved
4.4.5 If an economic incentive exists, the dimensions of the reinforcing pad may be calculated in
accordance with ASME B31.1 or ASME B31.3 as applicable. In this case, "Client" shall approve
dimensions of reinforcing pads.
4.5 Gaskets

4.5.1 Gasket types shall be as indicated on the individual piping specification and shall conform
to the additional requirements of Doc. No....
4.5.2 Reserved
4.5.3 Inner rings are required on all spiral wounds PTFE filled gaskets.
4.5.4 Inner rings are required on all spiral wound graphite filled gaskets.
4.6 Valves
4.6.1 Valve tag numbers are listed on the individual piping material specification. The individual
Valve specification sheet for the tag number and the requirements defined in Doc. No... shall be
met to ensure compliance with the line class specification.
4.6.2 The basic Valve design shall be in accordance with the referenced standard on the Valve
specification sheet. Valves designed in accordance with API 600 may be substituted for ASME
B16.34 Valves.
4.6.3 The following Industry Codes/Standards apply to the specific design aspects of Valves:
Pressure/Temperature Rating
End-to-End Dimensions

ASME B16.34 (Excluding API Class 800)API 602


ASME B16.10
ASME B16.5 (NPS 2 thru 24)
End Flange Dimensions and Surface Finish
ASME B16.47 (NPS 24 and above)
Socketweld/Threaded Ends
ASME B16.11
Buttweld Ends
ASME B16.25
ASME B36.10
Buttweld Ends Bore Size
ASME B36.19
4.6.4 API trim numbers specified on non-API Valves are for reference only. The trim number
defines the minimum requirements for Valve trim.
4.6.5 Bonnet gaskets shall be as specified on the Valve specification sheets. When PTFE based
gaskets are used; the gasket shall be fully confined on both the inner and outer diameter.
4.6.6 Class 150 Gate Valves with oval Bonnet design that cannot fully contain a PTFE based
gasket shall use the manufacturer's standard metal Bonnet gasket. The gasket shall meet the
requirements defined in API 600, and shall be of metallurgy compatible with the intended fluid
service.
4.6.7 Full port Ball Valves shall only be used with prior "Client" approval.
4.6.8 When both a lift Check Valve and a swing Check Valve are specified, the following criteria
shall apply:

In carbon steel and low alloy services, the spring loaded lift Check Valve is the preferred
type. Swing type Check Valves shall be used as an alternate.

In stainless steel and higher alloy services, the swing Check Valve is the preferred type.
Spring-loaded lift Check Valves shall be used as an alternate.

4.7 Assembly Details


4.7.1 Assembly details on individual specifications are for reference only. Branch connections
and block Valves for take-offs shall be specified in the specification. The following requirements
apply to the assembly details on the specifications.
4.7.2 Pipe nipples shall be fabricated from line class pipe. Length of pipe nipple shall be
adequate to clear insulation.
4.7.3 When a threaded x Socket Weld Valve is specified for assembly details, the Valves shall be
welded to the pipe nipple. A line class threaded plug shall be used for plugging threaded and
threaded Socket Weld vent and drain Valves.
4.7.4 When a flanged Valve is specified for assembly details, a line class flange shall be used on
the pipe nipple for mating. A line class blind flange and gasket shall be used for plugging flanged
end vent and drain Valves.
4.7.5 Valved vent shall be provided at every high point.
4.7.6 All underground piping shall be coated and wrapped in accordance with Doc. No....
4.7.7 Flange bolt up shall be per Doc. No.....
4.8 Testing and Examination
4.8.1 Unless otherwise specified on the individual line class specification, all non-destructive
examination shall be in accordance with Doc. No....
4.8.2 Radiography, as required for special service piping and non-ferrous materials, shall be in
accordance with ASME B31.3 and Doc. No....
4.9 Pressure/Temperature Limits
4.9.1 Pressure/temperature limits are based on ASME B16.5. Maximum and minimum
temperatures shall be in accordance with Doc. No....
4.9.2 Stainless steel specified as Dual Marked/Dual Certified (i.e., 304/304L, 316/316L) may be
used at the pressure/temperature rating and the allowable stress of the straight grade stainless
steel through 800F (427C). Use of this material specification is limited to 800F (427C).

4.9.3 For piping systems not designed and installed per these specifications, the use of the higher
pressure/temperature rating and allowable stress for dual marked stainless steel is not permitted.
4.9.4 The use of stainless steel marked and certified to only one grade of stainless steel is
permitted at the pressure/temperature rating and allowable stress of the grade marked on the
piping components.
4.9.5 Actual pressure or temperature limits for specifications may be reduced due to limitations
on individual components such as pipe wall thickness, gasket materials or Valve internals.
Individual specification shall be consulted to determine any limiting components for a
specification.
4.9.6 For specifications where the Valve's material is not the same as the flange material, the
pressure/temperature rating shall be based on the component with the lower pressure/temperature
rating.
4.10 Miscellaneous Components
4.10.1 See page 5 for steam trap detail installation, page 11 for strainers and page 15 for
spectacle blinds.
4.10.2 Flexible components such as metallic hoses shall only be used in accordance with plant
specific requirements and procedures. As a minimum, the temperature rating and pressure class
of the metallic hose shall meet the applicable pipe specification pressure and temperature rating.
Written engineering approval is required for plant sites without applicable procedures.
Abbreviations for Piping Specifications
American
API
Petroleum
JF
Institute
American Society
ASME
of Mechanical
LJ
Engineers
American Society
ASTM
for Testing &
LR
Materials
BE
Beveled Ends
LGTH
BGO
BHN
BLD
BW
CI

Beveled Gear
Operator
Brinnel Hardness
Number
Blind
Butt Weld
Cast Iron

LOL

Joint Factor
Lap Joint
Long Radius
Length
Integrally Reinforced
Lateral Branch Connection
( e.g.: laterolet )

MATL

Material

MFG
MI
MIN

Manufacturer
Malleable Iron
Minimum

CL
CPLG
CPVC
CR
CS
CONC
CONN
DEG
DI
DIA
DIM
DSAW
DWG
EA
ECC
EFW
ELL
OL

ERW
FF
FIG
FLG
FLGD
FRP

Class
Coupling
Chlorinated
Polyvinyl
Chloride
Chrome
Carbon Steel
Concentric
Connection
Degree
Ductile Iron
Diameter
Dimension
Double
Submerged Arc
Welded
Drawing
Each
Eccentric
Electric Fusion
Welded

MO
MSS

Molybdenum
Manufacturer Standardization Society

NIPP

Nipple

NPS
PE
PIP
PROJ
PTFE
R
RF
RTJ

Nominal Pipe Size


Plain Ends
Process Industry Practice
Projection
PolyTertaFluorEthylene
Radius
Raised Face
Ring Type Joint

SW

Socket Weld

SCH
SCRD
SMLS

Schedule
Screwed
Seamless
Integrally Reinforced
Socketweld Branch Connection
( e.g.: sockolet )
Short Radius

SOL

Elbow
SR
Integrally
Reinforced
Elbow Branch
SS
Connection
( e.g.: elbolet )
Electric
STD
Resistance Welded
Flat Face
Figure
T&C
Flange
TFE
Flanged
THK
Fiberglass
THRD
Reinforced Pipe

FS

Forged Steel

TOL

GALV
GJ
GR
GO
HAST

Galvanized
Ground Joint
Grade
Gear Operated
Hastelloy

TSW
TYP
VA
VERT
WLD

Stainless Steel

Standard
Threaded & Coupled
TetraFluorEthylene
Thickness
Threaded
Integrally Reinforced
Threaded Branch Connection
Threaded x Socket Weld
Typical
Valve
Vertical
Weleded

HEX

Hexagonal

WN

HORIZ

Horizontal

WOL

INSUL
Insulation
Valve Tag Numbering
Material
Class
A - Ductile
0 - Class 1500
B - Hastelloy B 1 - Class 150
C - Carbon Steel 2 - Class 2500
D - Chrome Moly 3 - Class 300
E - 316 Stainless
4 - Class 4000
Steel
F - 316L Stainless
5 - Class 3000
Steel
G - Cast Iron
6 - Class 600
H - 304 Stainless
7 - Class 6000
Steel
I - 304L Stainless
8 - API Class 800
Steel
J - PVC
9 - Class 900
K - PTFE Lined
L - Monel
M - Hastelloy C
N - 321 Stainless
Steel
O - Alloy 20
P - FRP

WT

Weld Neck
Integrally Reinforced
Buttweld Branch
Wall Thickness

Valve Type
0 - Gate
1 - Globe
2 - Swing Check
3 - Wafer Check

Valve Ends
0 - Threaded
1 - Socketweld
2 - Flanged, Raised Face
3 - Flanged, Flat Face

4 - Plug

4 - Flanged, Ring Type Joint

5 - Ball

5 - Buttweld, Bore to Match Pipe

6 - Butterfly
7 - Lift Check
(Ball or Piston)

6 - Threaded x Socketweld
7 - Integral Male Socketweld x Female
Threaded

8 - Knife Gate

8 - Hub Connector - Grayloc

9 - Diaphragm

9 - Buttweld x Hub end

Tag Number shall be: V-Material Code / Pressure Class / Type / Ends / Two Digit
Sequence
Example: V-C80100

(V) Valve

(C) Carbon Steel

(8) Class 800

(0) Gate Valve

(1) Socket Weld

(00) and the first of this type in sequence.

All Valve sequence numbers shall start at 00 and number ascending through 99.

Standard Installation Detail - Utility Station

Coupling legend
Steam: Type GB-8-3/4" Female NPT end or approved equal
Water: Type AM-8-3/4" Female NPT end or approved equal
Air: Type AM-8-3/4" Female NPT end or approved equal
Nitrogen: Type GJ-50-3/4" Male NPT end or approved equal

Type
A
B
C
D

Notes:
1. Pipe, Valves, flanges and fittings ro conform with piping spec. 1....
2. Use close nipples where 3" nipples cause excessive dimensions
3. Hose racks are required for all utility stations
4. Service designation tags required for each line
5. Surface preparation shall be per Doc. No...
6. Insulation shall be per Doc. No...
7. All branch connections are from top of header

Special Fabricated Larger Diameter Reducers

Reducer
O.D.
26 x 24
26 x 22
26 x 20
26 x 18
26 x 16
28 x 26
28 x 24
* 28 x 22
28 x 20
28 x 18
30 x 28
30 x 26
30 x 24

24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24

1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3

Reducer
O.D.
40 x 32
40 x 30
* 40 x 28
42 x 40
42 x 38
42 x 36
42 x 34
42 x 32
42 x 30
44 x 42
44 x 40
44 x 38
44 x 36

24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24

4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4

Reducer
O.D.
52 x 46
54 x 52
54 x 50
54 x 48
54 x 46
54 x 44
54 x 42
54 x 38
54 x 36
54 x 34
54 x 32
54 x 30
56 x 54

30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

8
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
11
12
1

Reducer
O.D.
66 x 60
66 x 54
66 x 48
66 x 42
68 x 64
68 x 60
68 x 54
68 x 48
68 x 42
70 x 66
70 x 60
70 x 54
70 x 48

36
36
36
36
36
36
36
36
36
42
42
42
42

3
6
9
12
2
4
7
10
13
2
5
8
11

* 30 x 22
30 x 20
32 x 30
32 x 28
32 x 26
32 x 24
* 32 x 22
* 32 x 20
34 x 32
34 x 30
* 34 x 28
34 x 26
34 x 24
36 x 34
36 x 32
36 x 30
* 36 x 28
36 x 26
36 x 24
38 x 36
38 x 34
38 x 32
38 x 30
38 x 28
38 x 26
40 x 38
40 x 36
40 x 34

24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24

4
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3

* 44 x 34
* 44 x 32
46 x 44
46 x 42
46 x 40
46 x 38
* 46 x 36
* 46 x 34
48 x 46
48 x 44
48 x 42
48 x 40
* 48 x 38
* 48 x 36
50 x 48
50 x 46
50 x 44
50 x 42
50 x 40
50 x 38
50 x 36
52 x 44
52 x 42
52 x 40
52 x 38
52 x 36
52 x 50
52 x 48

24
24
28
28
28
28
24
24
28
28
28
28
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

56 x 52
56 x 50
56 x 48
56 x 46
56 x 44
56 x 42
58 x 56
58 x 54
58 x 52
58 x 48
58 x 44
58 x 42
60 x 56
60 x 54
60 x 52
60 x 48
60 x 42
62 x 58
62 x 54
62 x 52
62 x 48
62 x 44
64 x 60
64 x 56
64 x 54
64 x 52
64 x 48
64 x 42

30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
36
36
36
36
36
36

2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
5
7
8
2
3
4
6
9
2
4
5
7
9
2
4
5
6
8
11

70 x 42
72 x 66
72 x 60
72 x 54
72 x 48
72 x 42
78 x 72
78 x 66
78 x 60
78 x 54
78 x 48
84 x 78
84 x 72
84 x 66
84 x 60
84 x 54
84 x 48
90 x 84
90 x 78
90 x 72
90 x 66
90 x 60
96 x 90
96 x 84
96 x 78
96 x 72
96 x 66

42
42
42
42
42
42
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

14
3
6
9
12
15
3
6
9
12
15
3
6
9
12
15
18
3
6
9
12
15
3
6
9
12
15

Notes:
1. All dimensions are given in Inches.
2. These reducers are to be used only when authorized by the piping spec's for the job.
3. Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class.
4. Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications.
5. Alloy material;s over 1/8" thk. and carbon steel materials 3/16" thk. and over shall have
ends beveled for welding in accordance with ASME B16.25 standard.
6. Reducers marked with asterisk ( * ) and 50" and higher are not ASME B16.9.

Four Weld 90 Long Radius Miter Elbow

NOM.
DIA
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
78
84
86

A Min.
42w"
44s"
47r"
49f"
52i"
55w"
57s"
60r"
62f"
65i"
68w"
70s"
73r"
75f"
78i"
81w"
83s"
86y"
88f"
91i"
94w"
96s"
104i"
112y"
115"

R
Radius
45"
48"
51"
54"
57"
60"
63"
66"
69"
72"
75"
78"
81"
84"
87"
90"
93"
96"
99"
102"
105"
108"
117"
126"
129"

S
Inches
17p"
18s"
19f"
21w"
22r"
23i"
24p"
25s"
27"
28i"
29r"
30i"
31p"
32f"
34"
35w"
36y"
37i"
38p"
39f"
41"
42r"
45s"
49i"
50y"

8r"

9p"

10f"

15r"

Notes:
1. All dimensions are given in Inches.
2. Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications.
3. These Miter elbows are to be used when authorized by the piping spec's.
4. Use "A" dimension only where necessary to meet close clearance requirements or when
connecting to flange or fitting.
5. Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class.
6. "M" dimension does not include taper bore length.
7. The "M" dimension must be calculated for Miter elbows other than 78", 54", 48" and 42".
Two Weld 45 Long Radius Miter Elbow

DIA
NOM.
3"
4"
6"
8"
10"
12"
14"

A
Min (3)
2"
2i"
3s"
5"
6r"
7i"
8s"

LR Ell Dim
2"
2i"
3s"
5"
6r"
7i"
8s"

B
1s"
2y"
3i"
4s"
5f"
7w"
8r"

C
(1)
1w"
1t"
2"
2p"
3t"
3g"
4p"

D
(1)
t"
u"
p"
d"
1q"
1r"
1y"

16"
18"
20"
22"
24"
26"
28"
30"
32"
34"
36"
38"
40"
42"
44"
46"
48"
50"
52"
54"
56"
58"
60"
62"
64"
66"
68"
70"
72"
74"
76"
78"
80"
82"
84"
86"
88"
90"
92"
94"
96"
98"

10"
11r"
11i"
1" - 0r"
1" - 1r"
1" - 1s"
1" - 2s"
1" - 3i"
1" - 4i"
1" - 5i"
1" - 6r"
1" - 7"
1" - 7s"
1" - 8i"
1" - 9i"
1" - 10i"
1" - 11r"
2" - 0r"
2" - 1"
2" - 1s"
2" - 2s"
2" - 3i"
2" - 4r"
2" - 5r"
2" - 6"
2" - 7"
2" - 7s"
2" - 8i"
2" - 9i"
2" - 10r"
2" - 11"
3" - 0"
3" - 0s"
3" - 1s"
3" - 2i"
3" - 3r"
3" - 4r"
3" - 5"
3" - 6"
3" - 7"
3" - 4i"
3" - 8i"

10"
11r"
1" - 0i"
1" - 1i"
1" - 3"
1" - 4"
1" - 5y"
1" - 6i"
1" - 7f"
1" - 9w"
1" - 10r"
1" - 11i"
2" - 0s"
2" - 2"
2" - 3r"
2" - 4i"
2" - 5s"
2" - 7"
2" - 8r"
2" - 9i"
2" - 10s"
3" - 0"
3" - 1r"
3" - 2i"
3" - 3s"
3" - 5"
3" - 6r"
3" - 7i"
3" - 8s"
3" - 10"
3" - 11r"
4" - 0u"
4" - 1q"
4" - 2g"
4" - 4e"
4" - 5u"
4" - 6g"
4" - 7f"
4" - 9e"
4" - 10y"
4" - 11p"
5" - 0f"

9i"
10s"
11f"
1" - 1w"
1" - 2r"
1" - 3i"
1" - 4q"
1" - 5f"
1" - 7"
1" - 8r"
1" - 9i"
1" - 10p"
1" - 11f"
2" - 1"
2" - 2r"
2" - 3y"
2" - 4p"
2" - 5s"
2" - 7"
2" - 8r"
2" - 9y"
2" - 10i"
2" - 11s"
3" - 1"
3" - 2w"
3" - 3y"
3" - 4i"
3" - 5s"
3" - 6f"
3" - 8e"
3" - 9y"
3" - 10i"
3" - 11s"
9" - 0t"
4" - 2w"
4" - 3t"
4" - 4i"
4" - 5o"
4" - 6f"
4" - 8w"
4" - 9r"
4" - 10i"

5r"
5f"
6o"
6g"
7f"
8r"
9q"
9o"
10y"
11"
11i"
1" - 0e"
1" - 0d"
1" - 1i"
1" - 2w"
1" - 2d"
1" - 3u"
1" - 4w"
1" - 4s"
1" - 5y"
1" - 6q"
1" - 6s"
1" - 7y"
1" - 8"
1" - 8o"
1" - 9t"
1" - 10"
1" - 10p"
1" - 11t"
1" - 11f"
2" - 0o"
2" - 1e"
2" - 1d"
2" - 2i"
2" - 3w"
2" - 3s"
2" - 4u"
2" - 5q"
2" - 5o"
2" - 5y"
2" - 7"
2" - 7p"

1o"
1s"
2"
2e"
2y"
2o"
2s"
2g"
3e"
3y"
3o"
3s"
3g"
4w"
4y"
4o"
4s"
4g"
5w"
5y"
5o"
5s"
5g"
6w"
6t"
6o"
6s"
6g"
7w"
7y"
7o"
7s"
7g"
8e"
8y"
8o"
8s"
8g"
9w"
9y"
9o"
9s"

8y"

9p"

10f"

150"

100"
102"
104"
106"
108"
110"
112"
114"
116"
118"
120"
122"
124"
126"
128"
130"
132"
134"
136"
138"
140"

3" - 9"
3" - 10"
3" - 11"
3" - 11s"
4" - 0i"
4" - 1i"
4" - 2r"
4" - 3"
4" - 4"
4" - 5"
4" - 5s"
4" - 6i"
4" - 7y"
4" - 8r"
4" - 9"
4" - 10"
4" - 10s"
4" - 11i"
5" - 0i"
5" - 1r"
5" - 2r"

5" - 2w"
5" - 3f"
5" - 4p"
5" - 5f"
5" - 7w"
5" - 8t"
5" - 9o"
5" - 10d"
6" - 0q"
6" - 1t"
6" - 2o"
6" - 3d"
6" - 5q"
6" - 6r"
6" - 7i"
6" - 8s"
6" - 10"
6" - 11r"
7" - 0i"
7" - 1s"
7" - 3"

4" - 11q"
5" - 0f"
5" - 2q"
5" - 3r"
5" - 4u"
5" - 5o"
5" - 6d"
5" - 8"
5" - 9e"
5" - 10y"
5" - 11p"
6" - 0d"
6" - 2"
6" - 3e"
6" - 4y"
6" - 5o"
6" - 6s"
6" - 8"
6" - 9w"
6" - 10y"
6" - 11i"

2" - 8t"
2" - 8q"
2" - 9o"
2" - 10r"
2" - 10f"
2" - 11i"
3" - 0e"
3" - 0d"
3" - 1u"
3" - 2w"
3" - 2s"
3" - 3t"
3" - 4"
3" - 4q"
3" - 5r"
3" - 6"
3" - 6o"
3" - 7r"
3" - 7q"
3" - 8o"
3" - 9r"

9g"
10w"
10t"
10o"
10s"
10g"
11w"
11t"
11i"
11s"
11g"
12w"
12y"
12o"
12s"
12g"
13w"
13t"
13i"
13s"
13g"

Notes:
1. All dimensions are given in Inches.
2. "C" and "D" dimensions are approximate. Do not use for fabrication.
3. These Miter elbows are to be used when authorized by the piping spec's.
4. Use "A" minimum dimension only where necessary to meet close clearance
requirements.
5. Use butt-weld "A" only where necessary to connect to flange or fitting. Use Miter weld
for pipe connection.
6. Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class.
7. Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications.
8. "M" dimension does not include taper bore length.
9. The "M" dimension must be calculated for Miter elbows other than 78", 54", 48" and 42".

10. Perforated Temporary Conical Strainers


11.

12. T-Type Strainers

13.

Drip Rings

NPS

1
1
2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12

1 1/8
1 5/8
2 1/8
2
3 1/8
4 1/8
6 1/8
8
10 1/8
12

B
150#
2
3 1/4
4
4 3/4
5 1/4
6 3/4
8 5/8
10 1/4
13 1/4
16

300#
2 3/4
3 5/8
4 1/4
5
5 3/4
7
9 3/4
12
14 1/8
16 1/2

600#
2 3/4
3 5/8
4 1/4
5
5 3/4
7 1/2
10 3/8
12
15 5/8
17 3/4

900#
3
3 3/4
5 1/2
6 3/8
6 1/2
8
11
14
17
19 3/8

1500#
3
3 3/4
5 1/2
6 3/8
6 3/4
8 1/8
11
13 3/4
17
20 1/4

Notes:
1. Drip ring material in accordance with pipe specification
2. Finish of gasket surface shall be machined. (150%-300% / 250-500 AARH), (600%1500% / 100-250 AARH)
Product Sampler Cooler

MARK
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

DESCRIPTION
FLANGE SW RF NPS 1/2 CL 150
COIL NPS 1/2 LINE PIPE SCH 80
LINE PIPE NPS3/4 SCH 80
FLANGE WN RF NPS 3/4 CL 150
LINE PIPE NPS 1.1/2 SCH 80
FLANGE SO RF NPS 1.1/2 CL 150
LINE PIPE NPS 10 SCH 30
BOTTOM PLATE
CLEATS
STRIP

Tolerances for Pipe Fabrication

MATERIAL

As per connecting piping classes


to be stated on requisition

May be carbon steel

Line Blinds NPS 1/2 - NPS 24

Notes:
1. Nominal size and class shall be stamped as indicated on plate
2. Edges of test blancs shall be free from rough burn finish and burrs
Line Blinds NPS 26 - NPS 60

Notes:
1. Nominal size and class shall be stamped as indicated on plate
2. Edges of test blancs shall be free from rough burn finish and burrs

Spectacle Blinds NPS 1/2 - NPS 24

ASME B16.48 was used as the basis for calculating the blind thicknesses listed in this table.
Common ASTM Materials of Construction: Carbon Steel - A515 Gr. 70, 65 & 60; A516 Gr. 70,
65 & 60. Stainless Steel - A240 Gr. 316, 316L, 304 & 304L.Reference Table 1A in ASME B16.5
for a list of other acceptable plate material specifications for each different material group.