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Asian Research Consortium

Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities


Vol. 6, No. 7, July 2016, pp.1364-1375.

Asian Journal
of Research in
Social Sciences
and
Humanities

ISSN 2249-7315
A Journal Indexed in Indian Citation Index

www.aijsh.com

DOI NUMBER: 10.5958/2249-7315.2016.00516.5


Category: Science and Technology

Optimizing the Supercharger Effect on the Performance


and Emission of Biogas Diesel Engine using ANFIS
D. Palaniswamy*; G. Ramesh**; S. Sivasankaran***; N. Kathiravan****
*Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Adithya Institute of Technology,
Tamil Nadu, India.
**Department of Mechanical Engineering,
JCT College of Engineering and Technology,
Tamil Nadu, India.
***School of Mechanical and Electromechanical Engineering,
Hawassa University,
Hawassa, Ethiopia.
****Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Adithya Institute of Technology,
Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract
An Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) approach was introduced in this study, to
optimize the supercharger effect in performance and emission of a single cylinder diesel engine
which uses a fuel blend of biogas and diesel. The input parameters used in the ANFIS model are the
fuel blend ratios of Biogas with Diesel and load where as the output parameters are specific fuel
consumption (SFC), brake thermal efficiency (BTE), indicated thermal efficiency (ITE),
mechanical efficiency (ME), indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP), carbon monoxide (CO) and
oxides of nitrogen (NOx). The ANFIS model result is to check the feasibility for predicting the
relationships between the input and the output parameters and they were assessed with
experimental values. Thus experimental and ANFIS model results show the correlation coefficient
of 99.85% for ITE, IMEP and 99.99% for CO, NO x emission.

Keywords: Diesel engine; Biogas; supercharger; ANFIS; Performance; Emission.

References
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Fig.1.The schematic layout of supercharged Biogas engine setup

1. Biogas plant
2. Waste input
3. Slurry output
4. Plant inlet temperature sensor
5. Pressure regulator

6. Control valve
7. Pressure regulator
8. Biogas flow meter
9. Super charger.
10. Air flow meter
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Palaniswamy et al. (2016). Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities,
Vol. 6, No.7, pp. 1364-1375.

11. Air temperature Sensor


12. Mano meter
13. Kenics mixture
14. Test engine
15.Exhaust gas temperature
sensor.

16. Emission sensor


17.
PC
based
acquisitionsystem

1312

data

Asian Research Consortium


Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Vol. 6, No. 7, July 2016, pp. 1364-1375.

Asian Journal
of Research in
Social Sciences
and
Humanities

ISSN 2249-7315
A Journal Indexed in Indian Citation Index
DOI NUMBER:

www.aijsh.com

Table1. Criteria of linguistic terms used in the triangular input membership


functions
.
Name of the linguistic term
Lowest
Lower
Low
Medium
High
Higher
Highest

Percentage of blend
X1=0
0<X1<12.5
12.5<X1<25
25<X1<37.5
37.5<X1<50
50<X1<62.5
62.5<X1<75

1372

Load in N
X2=0
0<X2<19.62
19.62<X2<39.24
39.24<X2<58.86
58.86<X2<78.48
78.48<X2<98.1
98.1<X2<117.72

Asian Journal
of Research in
Social Sciences
and
Humanities

Asian Research Consortium


Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities
Vol. 6, No. 7, July 2016, pp. 1364-1375.
ISSN 2249-7315
A Journal Indexed in Indian Citation Index
DOI NUMBER:

www.aijsh.com

Table2. Partial sample experiment and predicted for testing data on the load in N, x=0, 19.62, 58.86, 98.10 and117.7
S.No

Percentage
of Biogas
Blend

Load
in N

EXPER
ITE

ANFIS
ITE

Error,%

EXPER
IMEP

ANFIS
IMEP

Error,%

EXPER
CO

ANFIS
CO

Error,%

EXPER
NOx

ANFIS
NOx

Error,%

0.00

38.87751

38.11646

1.9575

3.5077

3.4158

2.6208

20.2542

20.2548

-0.0024

31.6953

31.6958

-0.0015

19.62

44.77232

43.79569

2.1813

4.0840

3.9465

3.3653

20.2829

20.2834

-0.0022

32.0372

32.0367

0.0015

58.86

56.14525

55.31289

1.4825

5.2365

5.1244

2.1414

20.3427

20.3426

0.0006

32.7243

32.7253

-0.0032

98.10

66.96261

66.95999

0.0039

6.3890

6.3893

-0.0036

20.4026

20.4019

0.0035

33.4113

33.4106

.00231

117.7

72.16294

72.16294

0.0000

6.9653

6.9653

-0.0000

20.4325

20.4325

0.0000

33.7549

33.7549

0.0000

12.5

0.00

29.27910

28.72085

1.9066

3.5077

3.4158

2.6208

13.5152

13.5161

-0.0068

21.6958

21.6942

0.007

12.5

19.62

33.59704

32.88465

2.1203

4.0840

3.9465

3.3653

13.5435

13.5427

0.0612

22.0372

22.0385

-0.0059

12.5

58.86

41.81622

41.21947

1.4270

5.2365

5.1244

2.1414

13.6033

13.6040

-0.0047

22.7242

22.7238

0.0021

12.5

98.10

49.47983

49.48213

-0.0046

6.3890

6.3893

-0.0036

13.6631

13.6632

-0.0006

23.4113

23.4124

-0.0046

10

12.5

117.7

53.10329

53.10471

-0.0026

6.9653

6.9653

-0.0000

13.6930

13.6939

-0.0061

23.7548

23.7533

0.0062

11

25

0.00

25.24397

23.74882

5.9227

3.5077

3.4158

2.6204

13.5152

13.5161

-0.0068

21.6958

21.6942

0.0072

12

25

19.62

28.89900

27.11883

6.1599

4.0840

3.9465

3.3653

13.5431

13.5427

0.0035

22.0368

22.0352

0.0074

13

25

58.86

35.79236

33.77226

5.6439

5.2365

5.1244

2.1414

13.6029

13.6019

0.0075

22.7238

22.7238

0.0001

14

25

98.10

42.13015

40.23806

4.4910

6.3890

6.3893

-0.0036

13.6627

13.6632

-0.0035

23.4108

23.4124

-0.0067

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Palaniswamy et al. (2016). Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities,
Vol. 6, No.7, pp. 1364-1375.

15

25

117.7

45.09070

43.02354

4.5844

6.9653

6.9653

-0.0000

13.6926

13.6918

0.0058

23.7543

23.7533

0.0041

16

37.5

0.00

25.07409

24.46324

2.4361

3.5077

3.4158

2.6208

13.5152

13.5161

-0.0068

21.6958

21.6942

0.0072

17

37.5

19.62

28.70120

27.94149

2.6469

4.0840

3.9465

3.3653

13.5431

13.5427

0.0034

22.0368

22.0352

0.0073

18

37.5

58.86

35.53875

34.83305

1.9857

5.2365

5.1244

2.1414

13.6029

13.6019

0.0073

22.7238

22.7238

0.0000

19

37.5

98.10

41.82072

41.55142

0.6439

6.3890

6.3893

-0.0036

13.6627

13.6632

-0.0036

23.4108

23.4124

-0.0068

20

37.5

117.7

44.75336

44.45959

0.6564

6.9653

6.9653

-0.0000

13.6926

13.6918

0.0057

23.7542

23.7533

0.0040

21

50

0.00

26.47676

25.89928

2.1810

3.5077

3.4158

2.6208

13.5152

13.5161

-0.0068

21.6958

21.6942

0.0072

22

50

19.62

30.33432

29.61567

2.3690

4.0840

3.9465

3.3653

13.5432

13.5427

0.0043

22.0369

22.0385

-0.0072

23

50

58.86

37.63274

36.99794

1.6868

5.2365

5.1244

2.1414

13.6030

13.6040

-0.0066

22.7239

22.7238

0.0008

24

50

98.10

44.37558

44.23588

0.3148

6.3890

6.3893

-0.0036

13.6628

13.6632

-0.0026

23.4109

23.4124

-0.0060

25

50

117.7

47.53866

47.38940

0.3139

6.9653

6.9653

-0.0000

13.6927

13.6918

0.0068

23.7544

23.7533

0.0048

26

62.5

0.00

27.42139

26.90234

1.8928

3.5077

3.4158

2.6208

13.5152

13.5161

-0.0068

21.6958

21.6942

0.0072

27

62.5

19.62

31.43414

30.77749

2.0889

4.0840

3.9465

3.3653

13.5433

13.5427

0.0049

22.0370

22.0385

-0.0067

28

62.5

58.86

39.04294

38.49171

1.4118

5.2365

5.1244

2.1414

13.6031

13.6040

-0.0060

22.7240

22.7238

0.0012

29

62.5

98.10

46.09616

46.09769

-0.0033

6.3890

6.3893

-0.0036

13.6629

13.6632

-0.0019

23.4111

23.4124

-0.0055

30

62.5

117.7

49.41443

49.41718

-0.0055

6.9653

6.9653

-0.0000

13.6928

13.6918

0.0075

23.7546

23.7533

0.0053

31

75

0.00

25.94786

25.28589

2.5511

3.5077

3.4158

2.6208

13.5152

13.5161

-0.0068

21.6958

21.6942

0.0072

32

75

19.62

29.71852

28.90126

2.7500

4.0840

3.9465

3.3653

13.5432

13.5427

0.0040

22.0369

22.0385

33

75

58.86

36.84316

36.06704

2.1065

5.2365

5.1244

2.1414

13.6030

13.6040

-0.0069

22.7239

22.7238

0.00750
0.0005

34

75

98.10

43.41223

43.08849

0.7457

6.3890

6.3893

-0.0036

13.6628

13.6632

-0.0029

23.4109

23.4124

-0.0063

35

75

117.7

46.48841

46.13377

0.7628

6.9653

6.9653

-0.0000

13.6927

13.6918

0.0064

23.7544

23.7533

0.0045

Maximum percentage of error

6.1599

3.3653

0.0075

0.0074

Minimum percentage of error

-0.0055

-0.0051

-0.0069

-0.0075

Mean percentage of error

1.8469

1.6020

-0.0000

0.0008

Correlation coefficient

0.9985

0.9985

1.0000

1.0000

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Palaniswamy et al. (2016). Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities,
Vol. 6, No.7, pp. 1364-1375.

Table3. Partial sample experiment and predicted for validation data on the load in N, x=39.24, 78.48

Percentage
S.No
of Blend
Load in N
1
0
39.24
2
0
78.48
3
12.5
58.86
4
12.5
78.48
5
25
39.24
6
25
78.48
7
37.5
39.24
8
37.5
78.48
9
50
39.24
10
50
78.48
11
62.5
39.24
12
62.5
78.48
Maximum percentage of error
Minimum percentage of error
Mean percentage of error
Correlation coefficient

EXPER
ITE
53.3541
64.3104
47.6160
51.3089
40.5978
26.9050
43.3044
32.2110
29.4451
37.1928
31.5518
38.5375

ANFIS
ITE
52.8954
64.1528
47.4832
51.3078
40.4834
26.4838
43.2977
32.1125
29.0095
36.8752
23.0921
34.8547

%Error
0.8597
0.2450
0.2790
0.0021
0.2818
1.5656
0.0154
0.3058
1.4795
0.8539
26.8119
9.5565
26.8119
-71.5292
0.4534
0.9323

EXPER
IMEP
4.9484
6.1010
6.1010
6.6772
6.1010
3.7959
6.6772
4.3722
3.7959
4.9484
4.3722
5.5247

ANFIS
IMEP
4.8897
6.0877
6.0877
6.6867
6.0877
3.7125
6.6867
4.3603
3.7125
4.8897
3.7125
4.8897

1375

% Error
1.1869
0.2169
0.2169
-0.1426
0.2169
2.1956
-0.1426
0.2706
2.1956
1.1869
15.0867
11.4939
15.0867
-76.1580
0.5107
0.8727

EXPER
CO
20.3278
20.3877
13.6482
13.6781
13.6478
13.5282
13.6777
13.5582
13.5284
13.5882
13.5582
13.6180

ANFIS
CO
20.3304
20.3917
13.6490
13.6694
13.6490
13.5264
13.6694
13.5672
13.5264
13.5877
13.5264
13.5877

% Error
-0.0126
-0.0197
-0.0054
0.0638
-0.0083
0.0137
0.0608
-0.0662
0.0153
0.0042
0.2349
0.2228
0.2917
-1.0429
0.0128
0.9999

EXPER
Nox
32.5525
33.2396
23.2396
23.5831
23.2391
21.8651
23.5825
22.2087
21.8653
22.5523
22.2087
22.8957

ANFIS
Nox
32.5397
33.2486
23.2234
23.5947
23.2234
21.8732
23.5947
22.2107
21.8732
22.5483
21.8732
22.5483

% Error
0.0394
-0.0270
0.0696
-0.0493
0.0676
-0.0371
-0.0514
-0.0090
-0.0359
0.0180
1.5107
1.5173
1.5236
-7.9099
0.0129
0.9966