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Various food types and their purine content.

224 Foods (alphabetically)

Total
Min
Max
Purines in
mg uric
acid/100 g
(Average)
HIGHEST IN PURINES (400 mg. uric acid/100 g and higher)
Fish, sardines in oil
480
399
560
Liver, Calf's
460
Mushroom, flat, edible Boletus, dried
488
Neck sweet bread, Calf's
1260
Ox liver
554
Ox spleen
444
Pig's heart
530
Pig's liver
515
Pig's lungs (lights)
434
Pig's spleen
516
Sheep's spleen
773
Sprat, smoked
804
Theobromine
2300
Yeast, Baker's
680
Yeast, Brewer's
1810
MODERATELY HIGH IN PURINES (100 to 400 mg. uric acid/100g)
Bean, seed, white, dry
128
Bean, Soya, seed, dry
190
Beef, chuck
120
Beef, fillet
110
Beef, fore rib, entrecote
120
Beef, muscles only
133
Beef, roast beef, sirloin
110
110
120
Beef, shoulder
110
Black gram (mungo bean), seed, dry
222
Caviar (real)
144
Chicken (breast with skin)
175
Chicken (chicken for roasting), average
115
Chicken, boiling fowl, average
159
Chicken, leg with skin, without bone
110
Duck, average
138
Fish, Anchovy
239
1

Nutr.
Densit
y in
mg/MJ

519.5
837.5
932.8
3012.9
1013.3
1052.6
1382
937.9
911.2
1208.2
1702.6
795.6
1611.3
2071.3
1866.6
127.1
139.1
192
216.4
185.4
292.1
201.4
203.9
194.3
141.6
288.4
165.8
149.2
152.2
146.2
560

Fish, Carp
Fish, Cod
Fish, Haddock
Fish, Halibut
Fish, Herring roe
Fish, Herring, Atlantic
Fish, Herring, Matje cured
Fish, Mackerel
Fish, Pike-perch
Fish, Redfish (ocean perch)
Fish, Saithe (coalfish)
Fish, salmon
Fish, sardine, pilchard
Fish, Sole
Fish, trout
Fish, Tuna
Fish, Tuna in oil
Goose
Grape, dried, raisin, sultana
Ham, cooked
Heart, Sheep's
Horse meat
Kidney, Calf's
Lamb (muscles only)
Lentil, seed, dry
Linseed
Liver, chicken
Lobster
Lungs, Calf's
Mussel
Ox heart
Ox kidney
Ox lungs (lights)
Ox tongue
Peas, chick (garbanzo), seed, dry
Pig's kidney
Pig's tongue
Pike
Poppy seed, seed, dry

160
109
139
178
190
210
219
145
110
241
163
170
345
131
297
257
290
165
107
131
241
200
218
182
127
105
243
118
147
112
256
269
399
160
109
334
136
140
170

95

194

110

250

125

137

114.45 164.65

60

175

330.9
335.9
425.2
439.9
342.4
216.9
197.6
191.2
311.3
544.1
473.4
202
693.2
376.2
686.7
273.7
246.2
116.7
86.4
248.1
367.6
438.8
419.6
371
93.8
67.4
426.3
346.4
389.1
391.5
504.3
569.5
961.4
186
84.2
784.5
208.2
406.7
86

Pork belly
100
80
Pork belly, raw, smoked dried
127
Pork chop with bone
145
140
Pork chuck
140
135
Pork fillet
150
145
Pork hip bone (hind leg)
120
115
Pork leg (hind leg)
160
150
Pork muscles only
166
Pork shoulder with skin (blade of shoulder)
150
145
Rabbit meat, average with bone
132
95
Rabbit/Hare (average)
105
Sausage "Jagdwurst"
112
Sausage salami, German
104
Sausage, liver (liverwurst)
165
Sausages, frying, from pork
101
Scallop
136
Shrimp, brown
147
60
Spleen, Calf's
343
Sunflower seed, dry
143
Turkey, young animal, average, with skin
150
Veal chop, cutlet with bone
140
Veal fillet
140
Veal knuckle with bone
150
140
Veal, leg of veal with bone
150
140
Veal, muscles only
172
Veal, neck with bone
150
Veal, shoulder
140
Venison back
105
Venison haunch (leg)
138
105
LOWEST IN PURINES (100 mg. uric acid/100 g and less)
Almond, sweet
37
Apple
14
Apricot
73
Artichoke
78
Asparagus
23
19.71
Aubergine
21
Avocado
19
Bamboo Shoots
29
Banana
57

110
150
145
150
130
160
150
150

234

160
150

154

29.57

92.3
82.6
260
170.4
334.8
155
357.4
374.9
165.2
207.7
219.4
127.8
65.9
122.2
80.2
505.8
397.9
815.9
59.5
237.3
309.6
347.3
353.2
310.2
438.7
326.9
309.3
205
336.5
15.7
60.1
71.6
834.6
310.9
290
20.9
402.1
152.4

Barley without husk, whole grain


Bean sprouts, Soya
Beans, French (string beans, haricot)
Beans, French, dried
Beef, corned (German)
Beer, alcohol free
Beer, Pilsner lager beer, regular beer, German
Beer, real, light
Beet root
Bilberry, blueberry, huckleberry
Brain, Calf's
Bread, wheat (flour) or (white bread)
Broccoli
Brussel sprouts
Cabbage, red
Cabbage, savoy
Cabbage, white
Carrot
Cauliflower
Caviar substitute
Celeriac
Cheese, Brie
Cheese, Cheddar/Cheshire cheese, 50% fat cont
Cheese, cottage
Cheese, edam, 30% fat content in dry matter
Cheese, edam, 40% fat content in dry matter
Cheese, edam, 45% fat content in dry matter
Cheese, Limburger, 20% fat content in dry matter
Cherry, Morello
Cherry, sweet
Chicory
Chinese leaves
Chives
Cocoa powder, oil partially removed, not includin
Corn, sweet
Fish, Crayfish
Cress
Crispbread
Cucumber

96
80
37
45
57
8.1
13
14
19
22
92
14
81
69
32
37
22
17
51
18
30
7.1
6
9.4
7.1
7.1
7.1
32
17
7.1
12
21
67
71
52
60
28
60
7.3

20
40

43
50

15

21

19.79
19.87

36.62
42.71

14

25

71.1
378.3
266.9
39.4
96.5
75.4
75.2
86
108.5
143.7
203.1
13.9
691.6
456
350.2
342.6
210.3
155.9
537.9
37.8
390.6
5
4.3
22
6.8
5.4
4.8
41.7
75.5
64.2
171.8
412.4
581.2
49.7
140.9
220.3
200.8
44.9
141.7

Currant, red
Date, dried
Elderberry, black
Endive
Fennel leaves
Fig (dried)
Fish, eel (smoked)
Frankfurter sausages
Gooseberry
Grape
Grass, Viper's (black salsify)
Kale
Kiwi fruit (Chinese gooseberry, strawberry peach
Kohlrabi
Leek
Lettuce
Lettuce, Lamb's
Meat, luncheon
Melon, Cantelope
Millet, shucked corn
Morel
Mushroom
Mushroom, flat, edible Boletus, cep
Mushrooms, canned, solid and liquid
Mushrooms, Chanterelle
Mushrooms, Chanterelles, canned, solids & liqui
Nuts, Brazil
Nuts, hazelnut (cobnut)
Nuts, peanut
Oats, without husk, whole grain
Olive, green, marinated
Onion
Orange
Ox brain
Oyster
Oyster, mushroom
Parsley, leaf
Pasta made with egg (noodles, macaroni, spagh
Pea, pod and seed, green

17
35
33
17
14
64
78
89
16
27
71
48
19
25
74
13
38
70
33
62
30
58
92
29
17
17
23
37
79
94
29
13
19
75
90
50
57
40
84

10

16

45
68.74

110
129.52

10.86

29.61

9.75

29.25

55.48

60.52

27

42

122.6
29.9
144.4
297.7
139
60.4
57.2
80.2
101.3
94.6
939.4
309.1
88.5
243.9
714.1
274.4
645.3
58.8
143
41.9
748.9
858.2
1011.6
488.5
356.2
114.2
8.3
13.9
33.8
63.6
51.1
112.4
105.9
140.7
322.6
1054.6
266.2
26.6
245.7

Pea, seed, dry


Peach
Pear
Peppers, green
Pig's brain
Pineapple
Plaice
Plum
Plum, dried
Potato
Potato, cooked with skin
Pudding, black
Pumpkin
Quince
Radish
Radishes
Raspberry
Rhubarb
Rolls, bread
Rye, whole grain
Sauerkraut, dripped off
Sausage "Bierschincken"
Sausage "Fleischwurst"
Sausage "Mortadella"
Sausage "Munich Weisswurst"
Sausage, Vienna
Sausages, frying, from veal
Sausages, German (Mettwurst)
Sesame (gingelly) seed, Oriental, dry
Spinach
Squash, summer
Strawberry
Tench
Tofu
Tomato
Nuts, Walnut
Wheat, whole grain
Yogurt, min. 3.5% fat content

95
21
12
55
83
19
93
24
64
16
18
55
44
30
15
13
18
12
21
51
16
85
78
96
73
78
91
74
62
57
24
21
80
68
11
25
51
8.1

84.78

166.56

17

37.23

90.55

47
12

63
20

79

130

11.81

25.59

40.2

83.41

82.7
119.6
51.5
681
161.71
81.4
257.6
116.8
67.9
53.6
60.3
42.8
422
185
234.3
210.6
126.3
212.6
18.2
41
224.7
117.3
66.8
67.4
65.7
65.7
81.5
45.9
26.5
844.7
296.2
156.8
243.8
196.4
145.7
9.1
39.4
27.7

It should be remembered that food is usually responsible for only ca.


30% of the uric acid content in the blood serum. Diet is very important to
those who wish to lower their uric acid, yet other considerations should not
be overlooked. Extremely physical exertion or traumatic injuries may
contribute to the occurrence of gout. Also foods that elevate the blood
acidity, despite their low purine content, may cause an aggravation of gout.
Some examples may be: very spicy and greasy food, coffee, alcohol, excess
tea, deeply fried food and more. In Chinese medicine concepts, these foods
fall under the category of Heat and Damp producing foods and beverages.