You are on page 1of 20

4099 en - 03.

2007 / a

n
gi v e
e
b
is to er
l
a
u
m an
d us
n
s
i
e
h
T
the

to

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
Installation and maintenance

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
This manual concerns the alternator which
you have just purchased.
We wish to draw your attention to the contents
of this maintenance manual. By following
certain important points during installation,
use and servicing of your alternator, you can
look forward to many years of trouble-free
operation.

SAFETY MEASURES
Before using your machine for the first time, it is important to
read the whole of this installation and maintenance manual.

WARNING SYMBOLS
We wish to draw your attention to the following 2 safety
measures which must be complied with:
a) During operation, do not allow anyone to stand in front
of the air outlet guards, in case anything is ejected from
them.
b) Do not allow children younger than 14 to go near the
air outlet guards.
A set of self-adhesive stickers depicting the various warning
symbols is included with this maintenance manual. They
should be positioned as shown in the drawing below once the
machine has been fully installed.

All necessary operations and interventions on this machine


must be performed by a qualified technician.
Our technical support service will be pleased to provide any
additional information you may require.
The various operations described in this manual are
accompanied by recommendations or symbols to alert the
user to the potential risk of accidents. It is vital that you
understand and take notice of the following warning symbols.

CAUTION
Warning symbol for an operation capable of
damaging or destroying the machine or
surrounding equipment.

Warning symbol for general danger to personnel.

Warning symbol for electrical danger to personnel.


Copyright 2005: MOTEURS LEROY-SOMER
This document is the property of:
LEROY-SOMER
It may not be reproduced in any form without prior
authorization.
All brands and models have been registered and patents
applied for.

Note: LEROY-SOMER reserves the right to modify the


characteristics of its products at any time in order to
incorporate the latest technological developments. The
information contained in this document may therefore be
changed without notice.

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS

CONTENTS
1 - RECEIPT

5 - SPARE PARTS

1.1 - Standards and safety measures ................... 4

5.1 - First maintenance parts ...............................16

1.2 - Inspection ...................................................... 4

5.2 - Technical support service ...........................16

1.3 - Identification ................................................... 4

5.3 - Accessories .................................................16

1.4 - Storage .......................................................... 4

5.4 - Exploded views, parts list ............................17

1.5 - Applications ................................................... 4


1.6 - Contraindications to use ............................... 4

EC declaration of incorporation...........................19

2 - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
2.1 - Electrical characteristics ............................ 5
2.2 - Mechanical characteristics ......................... 5
3 - INSTALLATION
3.1 - Assembly .................................................... 6
3.2 - Checks prior to first use .............................. 6
3.3 - Terminal connection diagrams .................... 7
3.4 - Commissioning ............................................8
4 - SERVICING - MAINTENANCE
4.1 - Safety measures .........................................9
4.2 - Routine maintenance .................................9
4.3 - Fault detection ..........................................10
4.4 - Mechanical defects .................................10
4.5 - Electrical faults .........................................10
4.6 - Dismantling, reassembly ......................... 12
4.7 - Installation and maintenance
of the PMG ............................................. 14
4.8 - Table of characteristics ...........................15

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
RECEIPT

1 - RECEIPT

1.3.1 - Nameplate

1.1 - Standards and safety measures

So that you can identify your machine quickly and accurately,


we suggest you write its specifications on the nameplate
below.

Our alternators comply with most international standards and


are compatible with:
- The recommendations of the
International Electrotechnical Commission
IEC 34-1, (EN 60034).
- The recommendations of the
International Standards Organisation ISO 8528/3.
- The European Community directive 89/336/EEC on
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC).
- The European Community directives
73/23/EEC and 93/68/EEC (Low Voltage Directive)
They are CE marked with regard to the LVD (Low Voltage
Directive) in their role as a machine component.

1.2 - Inspection
On receipt of your alternator, check that it has not suffered
any damage in transit. If there are obvious signs of damage,
contact the transporter (you may be able to claim on their
insurance) and after a visual check, turn the machine by hand
to detect any malfunction.

1.3 - Identification

1.4 - Storage
Prior to commissioning, machines should be stored:
- Away from humidity: In conditions of relative humidity of
more than 90%, the machine insulation can drop very rapidly,
to just above zero at around 100%; monitor the state of the
anti-rust protection on unpainted parts. For storage over an
extended period, the machine can be placed in a sealed
enclosure (heatshrunk plastic for example) with dehydrating
sachets inside, away from significant and frequent variations
in temperature to avoid the risk of condensation during
storage.
- If the area is affected by vibration, try to reduce the effect of
these vibrations by placing the generator on a damper
support (rubber disc or similar) and turn the rotor a fraction of
a turn once a fortnight to avoid marking the bearing rings.

1.5 - Application
These alternators are mainly designed to produce electricity
in the context of applications involving the use of generators.

1.6 - Contraindications to use


Use of the machine is restricted to operating conditions
(environment, speed, voltage, power, etc) compatible with the
characteristics indicated on the nameplate.

ALTERNATEURS
LSA
Date
N 5700 125897 A15
Hz
Min-1/R.P.M. 1500 Protection
Cos /P.F. 0,8 Cl. ther. / Th.class
Rgulateur/A.V.R.
R 438 B
Altit.
m Masse / Weight
Rlt AV/D.E bearing
6302 2 RS C3
Rlt AR/N.D.E bearing 6303 2 RS C3
Graisse / Grease
45g / 3600 h
Valeurs excit / Excit. values
en charge / full load
vide
/ at no load
166631
C

US

ALTERNATORS
PUISSANCE / RATING
Tension
Voltage

V
Ph.

Connex.
kVA

Continue
Continuous

kW

40C

A
kVA

Secours
Std by

kW

27C

A
(*) Tension maxi. / maximum voltage

Conforme C.E.I 60034-1. According to I.E.C 60034-1.

Made in France - 1 024 959/a

The alternator is identified by means of a nameplate fixed on


the machine (see drawing).
Make sure that the nameplate on the machine conforms to
your order.
The machine name is defined according to various criteria, for
example: LSA 50.2 M6 C 6S/4 LSA : Name used in the PARTNER range
M : Marine
C : Cogeneration
50.2 : Machine type
M6 : Model
C : Excitation system
(C: AREP/J: PMG)
6S/4 : Winding number/number of poles

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS

2 - TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS

2.2 - Mechanical characteristics

2.1 - Electrical characteristics

- Steel frame
- Cast iron end shields
- Protected ball bearings, permanently greased
- Mounting arrangements:
IM 1201 (MD 35) foot and flange mounted, single-bearing
with SAE coupling disc
IM 1001 (B 34) twin-bearing with SAE flange and standard
cylindrical shaft extension
- Drip-proof machine, self-cooled
- Degree of protection: IP 23

The LSA 50.2 alternator is a brushless machine, wound as


"2/3 pitch", 6-wire, with class H insulation and a field
excitation system available in either AREP or "PMG" version
(see diagrams and AVR manual ref: 3972).

2.1.1 - Electrical options


- Stator temperature detection sensors
- Bearing sensors (PTC, PT100, etc)
- Space heater
- Current transformer (C.T.)
Interference suppression conforms to standard EN 55011,
group 1, class B.

2.2.1 - Mechanical options


- Air inlet filter
- Regreasable ball bearings
- IP 44 protection (inlet and outlet filters)

REVOLVING FIELD COIL

AREP SYSTEM

STATOR: 6 wires (marked T1 to T6)


Auxiliary wdgs

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5

T6

Varistor

EXCITER

Armature
5+

6-

Field coil

R 448 V50
REVOLVING FIELD COIL

Voltage reference

STATOR: 6 wires (marked T1 to T6)

PMG SYSTEM
Varistor

EXCITER

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5

T6

PMG

Armature
5+

6-

Field coil

R 448 V50

Voltage reference

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
INSTALLATION

3 - INSTALLATION
Personnel undertaking the various operations indicated
in this section must wear personal protective equipment
appropriate for mechanical and electrical hazards.

3.1 - Assembly

All mechanical handling operations must be


undertaken using suitable equipment and the
machine must be horizontal. Check how much the
machine weighs (see 4.8.3.) before choosing the
lifting tool.

3.1.1 - Handling
The generously-sized lifting rings are for handling the
alternator alone. They must not be used to lift the genset.
Choose a hoisting system which respects the positioning of
the rings. The choice of lifting hooks or handles should be
determined by the shape of these rings.

The holes of the coupling discs should be aligned


with the flywheel holes by turning the engine
flywheel.
Make sure the alternator is securely bedded in
position during coupling.
Check that there is lateral play on the crankshaft.
3.1.2.2 - twin-bearing alternator
- Semi-flexible coupling
Careful alignment of the machines is recommended,
checking that the deviation of concentricity and parallelism of
both parts of the coupling do not exceed 0.1 mm.

This alternator has been balanced with a 1/2 key.

3.1.3 - Location
Ensure that the ambient temperature in the room where the
alternator is placed cannot exceed 40C for standard power
ratings (for temperatures > 40C, apply a derating
coefficient). Fresh air, free from damp and dust, must be able
to circulate freely around the air intake guards on the opposite
side from the coupling. It is essential to prevent not only the
recycling of hot air from the machine or engine, but also
exhaust fumes.

3.2 - Inspection prior to first use


3.2.1 - Electrical checks

Under no circumstances should an alternator, new


or otherwise, be operated if the isolation is less
than 1 megohm for the stator and 100,000 ohms for
the other windings.

During this operation, do not allow anyone to stand


under the load.

3.1.2 - Coupling
3.1.2.1 - single-bearing alternator
Before coupling the machines, check that they are compatible
by:
- undertaking a torsional analysis of the transmission
- Checking the dimensions of the flywheel and its housing, the
flange, coupling discs and alternator offset

CAUTION
When coupling the alternator to the prime
mover, do not use the fan to turn the alternator
rotor.

There are several possible methods for restoring the above


minimum values.
a) Dry out the machine for 24 hours in a drying oven at a
temperature of 110 C (without the AVR).
b) Blow hot air into the air intake, having made sure that the
machine is rotating with the exciter field disconnected.
c) Run in short-circuit mode (disconnect the AVR):
- Short-circuit the three output power terminals using
connections capable of supporting the rated current (try not to
exceed 6 A/mm2).
- Insert a clamp ammeter to monitor the current passing
through the short-circuit connections.
- Connect a 24 Volt battery in series with a rheostat of
approximately 10 ohms (50 W) to the exciter field terminals,
respecting the polarity.
- Open fully all the alternator openings.
- Run the alternator at its rated speed, and adjust the exciter
field current using the rheostat to obtain the rated output
current in the short-circuit connections.
Note : Prolonged standstill: In order to avoid these problems,
we recommend the use of space heaters, as well as a
periodic maintenance run of the machine. Space heaters are
only really effective if they are working continuously while the
machine is stopped.

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
INSTALLATION

3.2.2 - Mechanical checks

3.3 - Terminal connection diagrams

Before starting the machine for the first time, check that:
- The winding connection corresponds to the site operating
voltage (see section 3.3)
- All fixing bolts and screws are tight
- The cooling air is drawn in freely
- The protective guards and housing are correctly in place
- The standard direction of rotation is clockwise as seen from
the shaft end (phase rotation in order 1 - 2 - 3)
For anti-clockwise rotation, swap phases 2 and 3 and derate
the machine by 5%.
If mounting a C.T. for parallel operation, reverse the
secondary wires S1, S2 on the AVR.

A standard alternator is fitted with 3 phase coppers and 1


neutral connection terminal. The winding code is specified on
the nameplate.

Connection code

L.L voltage

L1(U)

Any intervention on the alternator terminals during


reconnection or checks should be performed with
the machine stopped.

T1

3-phase

T4

Factory connection

Winding

50 Hz

60 Hz

6S

380 - 415

380 - 480

7S
8S

440

380 - 416

L3(W)
T6

T3

L2(V)
T5

T5
T6
T3

T2

L1(U)
T4

L2(V)

L3(W)

T2

R 448 V50 voltage sensing:


0 => (T3) / 380 V => (T2)

9S

NDE

T1

600

With winding 9: R 448 + transfo voltage sensing (Diagram on request)

L1(U)

F
3-phase
T6

T1

T3

Winding

50 Hz

60 Hz

6S

220 - 240

220 - 277

7S

240 - 254

8S

( )

L3(W)
T6

T3

L2(V)

220 - 240

T5

T2

T4

L1(U)

T2

T5

L2(V)

L3(W)

R 448 V50 voltage sensing:


0 => (T3) / 220 V => (T2)

T4

NDE

T1

If the alternator is reconnected, check that the AVR is sensing the voltage!
As an option, the factory can provide special connector bars to make these connections (*).

3.3.1 - Option connection diagram

R791 T interference suppression kit (standard for CE marking)


Connections
Black
Black
Black
Blue
White

T1
T2
T3
N

T1
T2
T3

External voltage potentiometer

1000 ohms

ST4
Voltage adjustment via remote
potentiometer

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
INSTALLATION

Connection of current transformer


D connection - PH 1
In/4 Secondary 1 A

P1

Neutral link

Ph1

130 C
blue wire

Ph2

150 C
black wire

103
T4

P2

6 wires

PTC stator sensors

Space heater

500W - 220 V

101
102

T4

Ph3
104

Shield PT100

121
122
122
123
124
124

180 C
red/white
wire

White

121 White
122 Red
122 Red

DE

123 White
124 Red
124 Red

NDE

103
104
104

103 White
104 Red
104
Red

PH 1

105
106
106

105 White
106 Red
106
Red

PH 2

107
108
108

107 White
108 Red
108
Red

PH 3

3.3.2 - Connection checks

3.4 - Commissioning

Electrical installations must comply with the current


legislation in force in the country of use.
Check that:
- The residual circuit-breaker conforms to the legislation on
protection of personnel in force in the country of use, and has
been correctly installed on the alternator power output as
close as possible to the alternator. (In this case, disconnect
the interference suppression module wire that links the
neutral).
- Any protection devices in place have not been tripped.
- If there is an external AVR, the connections between the
alternator and the panel are made in accordance with the
connection diagram.
- There is no phase-phase or phase-neutral short-circuit
between the alternator output terminals and the genset
control panel (part of the circuit not protected by circuitbreakers or relays in the panel).
- The machine should be connected with the busbar
separating the terminals as shown in the terminal connection
diagram.

The machine can only be started up and used if the


installation is in accordance with the regulations
and instructions defined in this manual.
The machine is tested and set up at the factory. When first
used with no load, make sure that the drive speed is correct
and stable (see the nameplate). With the regreasable bearing
option, we recommend greasing the bearings at the time of
commissioning (see 4.2.3).
On application of the load, the machine should achieve its
rated speed and voltage; however, in the event of abnormal
operation, the machine setting can be altered (follow the
adjustment procedure in section 3.5). If the machine still
operates incorrectly, the cause of the malfunction must be
located (see section 4.4 and 4.5).

3.5 - Setting up

The various adjustments during tests must be made by a


qualified technician. Take care that the drive speed
specified on the nameplate is reached before
commencing adjustment. After operational testing,
replace all access panels or covers.
The AVR is the only means of making adjustments to the
machine.

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SERVICING - MAINTENANCE

4 - SERVICING - MAINTENANCE
4.1 - Safety measures

Servicing or troubleshooting must be carried out


strictly in accordance with instructions so as to
avoid the risk of accidents and to maintain the
machine in its original state.

Lubrication intervals are given for a grease of grade


LITHIUM - standard - NLGI 3.
In the factory, the grease used for lubrication is:
ESSO UNIREX N3.
Before using another grease, check for compatibility with the
original one. Monitor the temperature rise in the bearings,
which should not exceed 50C above the ambient
temperature. Should this value be exceeded, the machine
must be stopped and checks carried out.

4.2.4 - Electrical servicing


Cleaning product for the windings

CAUTION
All such operations performed on the alternator
should be undertaken by personnel trained in the
commissioning, servicing and maintenance of
electrical and mechanical components, who must
wear personal protective equipment appropriate
for mechanical and electrical hazards.
Before any intervention on the machine, ensure that it cannot
be started by a manual or automatic system and that you
have understood the operating principles of the system.

Do not use: trichlorethylene, perchlorethylene,


trichloroethane or any alkaline products.
Certain strictly defined pure volatile degreasing agents can be
used, such as:
- Normal petrol (without additives); flammable
- Toluene (slightly toxic); flammable
- Benzene (or benzine, toxic); flammable
- Ciclohexare (non toxic); flammable
Cleaning the stator, rotor, exciter and diode bridge.

4.2 - Regular maintenance


4.2.1 - Checks after start-up
After approximately 20 hours of operation, check that all fixing
screws on the machine are still tight, plus the general state of
the machine and the various electrical connections in the
installation.

It is advisable to check that circulation of air is not reduced by


partial blocking of the air intake and outlet guards: mud, fibre,
soot, and to check whether the ventilation guards are
corroded or scratched.

These operations must be performed at a cleaning


station, equipped with a vacuum system that collects and
flushes out the products used.
The insulating components and the impregnation system are
not at risk of damage from solvents (see the list of authorised
products).
Avoid letting the cleaning product run into the slots. Apply the
product with a brush, sponging frequently to avoid
accumulation in the housing. Dry the winding with a dry cloth.
Let any traces evaporate before reassembling the machine.

4.2.3 - Bearings

4.2.5 - Mechanical servicing

4.2.2 - Cooling circuit

The bearings are permanently greased (special grease) and


they have a life of (20,000 hrs) or 3 years.
NDE/DE bearing

6226 2Z C3

6320 2Z C3

Code

RLT 130 HV 001

RLT 100 HV 001

Replacement

20,000 hrs or 3 yrs 20,000 hrs or 3 yrs

As an option, they are regreasable. It is advisable to lubricate


the machine during operation. Time intervals and quantity of
grease are given in the table below.
NDE/DE bearing

6226 C3

6320 C3

Code

RLT130 OU020 RLT100 OU030

Quantity of grease

50 g

50 g

Lubrication interval

3600 hrs

3600 hrs

CAUTION
Cleaning the machine using water or a highpressure washer is strictly prohibited.
Any problems arising from such treatment are not
covered by our warranty.
Degreasing: Use a brush and detergent (suitable for
paintwork).
Dusting: Use an air gun.
If filters have been added to the machine after manufacture
and do not have thermal protection, the service personnel
should clean the air filters periodically and systematically, as
often as is necessary (every day in very dusty atmospheres).
With dry dust, the filter can be cleaned
with an air gun.
With greasy dust, the filter must always be changed.

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SERVICING - MAINTENANCE
After cleaning the alternator, it is essential to check the
winding insulation (see sections 3.2 and 4.8).

4.3 - Fault detection


If, when commissioned, the alternator does
not work normally, the source of the malfunction must be
identified.
To do this, check that:
- The protection devices are set correctly
- The connections comply with the diagrams in the manuals
supplied with the machine
- The genset speed is correct (see section 1.3)
Repeat the operations defined in section 3.

4.4 - Mechanical defects


Fault
Bearing

Abnormal
temperature

Vibrations

Abnormal
noise

10

Causes
- If the bearing has turned blue or if the grease has turned black, change
the bearing.
- Bearing not properly seated.
- End shields misaligned (flanges not properly fitted)
- Air flow (intake/outlet) partially clogged or hot air is being recycled from
Excessive temperature rise of
the alternator or engine
alternator frame (more than 40C
- Alternator operating at too high a voltage (> 105% of Un on load)
above the ambient temperature)
- Alternator overloaded
- Misalignment (coupling)
Too much vibration
- Defective mounting or play in coupling
- Rotor balancing fault
Excessive vibration and humming
- Phase imbalance
noise coming from the machine
- Stator short-circuit
- System short-circuit
- Mis-paralleling
Possible consequences
Alternator damaged by a significant
- Broken or damaged coupling
impact, possibly followed by humming
- Broken or bent shaft end
and vibration
- Shifting and short-circuit of revolving field winding
- Fan fractured or coming loose on shaft
- Destruction of the rotating diodes or AVR

Excessive overheating of one or both


bearings (temperature > 80C on the
bearing retainers with or without
abnormal noise)

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SERVICING - MAINTENANCE

4.5 - Electrical faults


Fault

No voltage at
no load on
start-up

Action

Effect
The alternator builds up and its
voltage is still correct when the
battery is removed
The alternator builds up but its
voltage does not reach the rated
Connect a new battery value when the battery is
of 4 to 12 V to terminals removed
E- and E+, respecting
The alternator builds up but its
the polarity, for 2 to
voltage disappears when the
3 seconds
battery is removed

Correct speed
Voltage too
low
Voltage too
high

Check the drive speed


Adjust AVR voltage
potentiometer

Voltage
oscillations

Adjust the
AVR stability
potentiometer

Voltage
correct
at no load and
too low when
on load
Voltage
disappears
during
operation

Run at no load and


check the voltage
between E+ and E- on
the AVR
Check the AVR, the
surge suppressor, the
rotating diodes, and
replace any defective
components

Speed too low


Adjustment ineffective

Check/Cause

- Lack of residual magnetism


- Check the connection of the AVR voltage
reference
- Faulty diode
- Armature short-circuit
- Faulty AVR
- Auxiliary windings open circuit (check windings)
- PMG open circuit
Check the AVR connections (possible AVR failure)
- Field windings short-circuited
- Rotating diodes burnt out
- Revolving field coil short-circuited
- Check the resistance
Increase the drive speed
(Do not touch the AVR voltage pot. (P2) before
running at the correct speed).
Faulty AVR
- Check the speed: possibility of cyclic irregularity
- Loose connections
- Faulty AVR
- Speed too low when on load (or LAM set too high)

If no effect: try normal or fast


stability modes (ST2)
Voltage between E+ and E- (DC)
AREP / PMG < 10V
- Check the speed (or LAM set too high)
- Faulty rotating diodes
- Short-circuit in the revolving field coil. Check the
Voltage between E+ and Eresistance
AREP / PMG > 15V
- Faulty exciter armature. Check the resistance.

- Exciter winding open circuit


- Faulty exciter armature
The voltage does not return to the - Faulty AVR
rated value
- Revolving field coil open circuit or short-circuited

4.5.1 - Checking the winding

4.5.2 - Checking the diode bridge

You can check the winding insulation by performing a high


voltage test. In this case, you must disconnect all AVR wires.

A diode in good working order should allow the current to flow


only in the anode-to-cathode direction

CAUTION
Damage caused to the AVR in such conditions is
not covered by our warranty.

After operational testing, replace all access panels


or covers.

11

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SERVICING - MAINTENANCE

Cathode

C C C

A A A

~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~

+
-

4) Gradually increase the exciter field current by adjusting the


rheostat or the variac and measure the output voltages on
L1 - L2 - L3, checking the excitation voltage and current at no
load and on load (see the machine nameplate or ask for the
factory test report).
When the output voltage is at its rated value and balanced
within 1% for the rated excitation level, the machine is in good
working order. The fault therefore comes from the AVR or its
associated wiring (i.e. sensing, auxiliary windings).

ASSEMBLY B

40

50

10

90

100

4.5.3 - Checking the windings and rotating


diodes using separate excitation

1A diode

80

Variac

A A A

5+

60

20

6 - Field coil

70

C C C

30

Anode

220V
AV

12V
DC

4.6 - Dismantling, reassembly


(see sections 5.4.1 & 5.4.2)
CAUTION

During this procedure, make sure that the


alternator is disconnected from any external load
and inspect the terminal box to check that the
connections are fully tightened.
1) Stop the unit, disconnect and isolate the AVR wires.
2) There are two ways of creating an assembly with separate
excitation.

Assembly A: Connect a 12 V battery in series with a rheostat


of approximately 50 ohms - 300 W and a diode on both exciter
field wires (5+) and (6-).

ASSEMBLY A

6 - Field coil
1A diode

5+
50 -300W rh.

12V battery

Assembly B: Connect a "Variac" variable power supply and


a diode bridge on both exciter field wires (5+) and (6-).
Both these systems should have characteristics which are
compatible with the field excitation power of the machine (see
the nameplate).
3) Run the unit at its rated speed.

12

During the warranty period, this operation must


only be carried out in an LEROY-SOMER approved
workshop or in our factory, otherwise the warranty
may be invalidated.
Whilst being handled, the machine should remain
horizontal (rotor not locked when moved). Check
how much the machine weighs (see 4.8.3.) before
choosing the lifting method.

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SERVICING - MAINTENANCE

4.6.1 - Tools required


To fully dismantle the machine, we recommend using the
tools listed below:
- 1 ratchet spanner + extension
- 1 torque wrench
- 1 set of flat spanners: 8 mm, 10 mm, 18 mm
- 1 socket set: 8, 10, 13, 16, 18, 21, 24, 30 mm
- 1 socket with male ferrule: 5 mm
- 1 puller

- Take out the antifriction bearing (70) using a puller with a


central screw (see drawing below).

4.6.2 - Screw tightening torque


IDENTIFICATION
Field screw
Diode nut
Flange/frame screw
NDE shield/frame screw
Disc/Hub screw
Grille screws
Cover screws
Terminal block nut
Earth screw

Screw
M8
M6
M12
M12
M20
M6
M6
M12
M12

Torque N.m
20
4
69
69
340
5
5
35
35

4.6.3 - Access to diodes


- Open the air intake grille (51).
- Disconnect the diodes.
- Check the 12 diodes using an ohmmeter or a battery lamp
(see section 4.5.2).
If the diodes are faulty,
- Remove the surge suppressor (347).
- Remove the "H" mounting nuts for the diode bridges on the
support and the links to the armature.
- Change the fitted caps, respecting the polarity.

- Fit the new antifriction bearing onto the shaft after heating it
by induction to approximately 80 C.
- Mount the new preloading (wavy) washer (79) + the new O
ring seal (349) in the shield (36).
- Screw a threaded rod into the inner bearing cap (78).
- Refit the end shield on the machine using a dowel and nut
in the shaft extension (see drawing).
- Slide the threaded rod into the shield hole to make it easier
to assemble (see diagram).

78 36
Threaded rod

Dowel
Nut
Rotor

4.6.4 - Access to connections and the


regulation system
Access directly by removing the top of the cover (48) or the
AVR access door (466).

4.6.5 - Replacing the NDE bearing


- Remove the air intake grille (51).
- Remove the lid of the protective cover (48) and the side
panels (366) and (367).
- Remove the hook (21) and the cover rear panel (365).
- Replace the hook (21) in order to manipulate the flange.
- Disconnect the exciter wires (5+,6-).
- Remove the screws (72) from the inner bearing cap (78).
- Remove the screws (37).
- Remove the shield (36).

NDE shield

- Fit a inner bearing cap screw (78), remove the threaded rod,
fit the other screws and tighten up the assembly.
- Tighten the shield screws (37).
- Reconnect exciter field wires E+, E-.
- Finish reassembling the cover.

CAUTION
When dismantling the shields, you will need to
change the antifriction bearings, the "O" ring seal
and the preloading (wavy) washer.

4.6.6 - Replacing the DE bearing


- Remove the air outlet grille (33).
- Remove the screws (31) from the DE shield and the 4
screws (62) from the inner bearing retainer.
- Remove the shield (30).
- Take out the ball bearing (60) using a puller with a central
screw (see section 4.6.5).

13

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SERVICING - MAINTENANCE
- Fit the new bearing, after heating it by induction to
approximately 80 C.
- Screw two threaded rods into the inner bearing cap (68).
- Refit the shield (30) on the machine.
- Slide the threaded rods into the shield holes to make it
easier to assemble (see basic diagram).
- Tighten the bottom inner bearing cap screws (78), remove
the threaded rod and fit the other screws.
- Tighten the shield screws (31).
- Refit the air outlet grille (33).

CAUTION

If using a twin-bearing machine:


- Finish reassembling the cover.
- Screw a threaded rod into the inner bearing cap (68).
- Refit the shield (30) on the machine.
- Slide the threaded rod into the shield hole to make it easier
to assemble (see diagram).
- Fit the inner bearing cap screws (68), remove the threaded
rod, fit the other screw and tighten up the assembly.
- Tighten the shield screws (31).
- Refit the air outlet grille (33).
- Check that the machine assembly is correctly mounted and
that all screws are tightened.

When dismantling the machine, always change the


antifriction bearings.

4.6.9 - Dismantling and reassembling the


filters

4.6.7 - Dismantling the rotor assembly

- Remove the grille (417) then take out the filter (418). Change
the filter if necessary; please refer to section 4.2.5 for
cleaning the filter.
To replace, follow the instructions in reverse order.
- On certain versions, the filters are incorporated in the
terminal box panels.

- Screw an M20 threaded rod into the shaft NDE hole and use
it to guide and support the rotor.
- Remove the DE shield (30) (see 4.6.6.) if it is a twin-bearing
machine.
- Support the DE rotor (4) with a strap or with a support
constructed in accordance with the following drawing.
- Move the strap as the rotor moves in order to distribute the
weight evenly over it.

51

418

417

CAUTION
When dismantling the rotor involves changing
parts or rewinding, the rotor must be rebalanced.

4.7 - Installation and maintenance of


the PMG
For the LSA 50.2, the PMG reference is: PMG 5

4.6.8 - Reassembling the machine

4.7.1 - Mechanical characteristics

- Mount the rotor (4) in the stator (1) (see drawing above)
taking care not to knock the windings.
- Slide the threaded rod into the shield hole to make it easier
to assemble (see diagram).
- Fit an inner bearing cap screw (78), remove the threaded
rod, fit the other screw and tighten up the assembly.
- Tighten the shield screws (37).
- Reconnect exciter field wires E+, E-.
- Finish reassembling the cover.
- Refit the flange (30) on the stator (1).
- Tighten the screws (31).

The components are:


- A shaft adapter (to position the rotor on the shaft extension)
- An M20 tie rod for mounting the rotor on the shaft
- A rotor
- An assembly consisting of: housing + wound stator + plastic
connection sheath + plastic ferrules
- The end plate
- 4 HM6 screws (mounted on the NDE shield)
If mounting in kit form, follow the instructions below.
1 - Remove the alternator NDE shield seal (71).

14

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SERVICING - MAINTENANCE
2 - Mount the housing + stator assembly [290] on the shield
using the 4 HM6 screws.
3 - Mount the magnetised rotor on the shaft adapter, slide the
assembly onto the tie rod.
4 - Install the cable gland washer [296].
5 - Lock the assembly with torque of 340 Nm.
6 - Close the PMG with the cover [297].
7 - Remove the plastic plug on the NDE panel and fit the
plastic sheath and its ferrule.
8 - Connect the PMG to the AVR (section 4.7.2).

4.8 - Table of electrical characteristics


Table of average values
Alternator - 4 poles - 50 Hz - Standard winding No. 6.
(400V for the excitation values)
The voltage and current values are given for no-load
operation and operation at rated load with separate field
excitation. All values are given to within 10% and may be
changed without prior notification (for exact values, consult
the test report).

4.8.1 - Average values for the LSA 50.2


Resistances at 20 C ()

4.7.2 - Electrical connection


- Connect the 3 PMG wires (14/15/16), the 2 exciter wires
(5/6) and the above-mentioned 2 voltage sensing wires (2/3)
according to the connection diagram (see section 2.2).
Mounting the PMG on an AREP machine:
- Connect the 3 PMG wires (14/15/16), to terminals X1,X2,Z2
on the AVR. The 4 auxiliary winding wires X1.X2.Z1.Z2
should be isolated according to the current rules and
regulations. Both exciter field wires (5/6) and both voltage
sensing wires (2/3) remain in place.
Electrical characteristics of the PMG 5
Stator phase/phase resistance 20 C: 0.87
No-load A.C. voltage between phases at 1500 rpm: 130 V.

CAUTION
With the PMG, check that the ST9 jumper is open circuit.

After operational testing, replace all access panels


or covers.

LSA 50.2
S4
M6
L7
L8
VL10

L/N stator
0.00208
0.00159
0.00137
0.00123
0.00103

Rotor
0.390
0.434
0.461
0.506
0.555

Exciter
field
11.1
11.1
11.1
11.1
11.1

Armature
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

Resistance of AREP auxiliary windings at 20 C ()


LSA 50.2
S4
M6
L7
L8
VL10

Auxil wdg: X1, X2


0.094
0.085
0.089
0.082
0.077

Auxil wdg: Z1, Z2


0.144
0.145
0.170
0.132
0.143

Field excitation current i exc (A)


Symbols: "i exc": excitation current of the exciter field.
LSA 50.2
S4
M6
L7
L8
VL10

No load
0.9
0.9
1
0.9
0.9

At rated load
4
4.1
4
3.9
3.7

For 60 Hz machines, the "i exc" values are approximately 5 to


10% lower.

4.7.3 - Exploded view of the PMG

4.8.2 - Voltage of auxiliary windings at no load


LSA 50.2
50 Hz
60 Hz

Auxil wdg: X1, X2


100 V
120 V

Auxil wdg: Z1, Z2


5V
6V

4.8.3 - Table of weights

290

291

292

293

294

296

295

297

LSA 50.2
S4
M6
L7
L8
VL10

Total weight (kg)


2400
2600
2900
3150
3400

Rotor (kg)
855
956
1027
1105
1215

15

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SPARE PARTS

5 - SPARE PARTS

5.3 - Accessories

5.1 - First maintenance parts

5.3.1 - Space heater for use when stopped

Emergency repair kits are available as an option.


They contain the following items:

The space heater must run as soon as the alternator stops. It


is installed at the rear of the machine. Its standard power is
500W with 220V or 250W with 110V on request.

AREP repair kit


R448 V50 automatic voltage
regulator
Set of direct diodes
Set of reverse diodes
Surge suppressor

AEM 110 RE 022


ADE 491 EQ 013
ADE 491 EQ 012
CII PM 010

Single bearing kit


NDE bearing
'O' ring seal
Preloading wavy washer

RLT 100 HV 001


JOI 215 TB 001
RLT 215 RB 005

Twin bearing kit


NDE bearing
DE bearing
'O' ring seal
Preloading wavy washer

RLT 100 HV 001


RLT 130 HV 001
JOI 215 TB 001
RLT 215 RB 005

Caution: The power supply is present when the


machine is stopped.

5.3.2 - Temperature sensors with thermistors


(PTC)
These are thermistor triplets with a positive temperature
coefficient installed in the stator winding (1 per phase). There
can be a maximum of 2 triplets in the winding (at 2 levels:
warning and trip) and 1 or 2 thermistors in the shields.
These sensors must be linked to adapted sensing relays
(supplied optionally).
Cold resistance of cold thermistor sensors:
100 to 250 per sensor.

5.2 - Technical support service

5.3.3 - Connection accessories

Our technical support service will be pleased to provide any


additional information you may require.

- 6-wire machines

When ordering spare parts, you should indicate the complete


machine type, its serial number and the information given on
the nameplate.

Requirements for coupling (F):


- 3 links.

Address your enquiry to your usual contact.


Part numbers should be identified from the exploded views
and their description from the parts list.
Our extensive network of service centres can dispatch the
necessary parts without delay.
To ensure correct operation and the safety of our machines,
we recommend the use of original manufacturer spare parts.
In the event of failure to comply with this advice, the
manufacturer cannot be held responsible for any damage.

16

After operational testing, replace all access panels


or covers.

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SPARE PARTS

5.4 - Exploded views, parts list


5.4.1 - Single-bearing LSA 50.2
48

42

47
50

367
466

366

323

325

322

30

130

41

36

128

21

33

15

Ref.
1
4
15
21
30
33
36
41
42
47
48
50
51
70
71
78
79
90
100
120
124
128
130

Qty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1

Description
Stator assembly
Rotor assembly
Fan
Lifting ring
DE flange
Protective grille
Exciter end shield
Cover front panel
Cable gland plate
Teminal box rear lid
Terminal box top lid
Lower inspection door
Air intake grille
NDE bearing
Cover
Inner bearing cap
Preloading wavy washer
Exciter field
Exciter armature
Terminal support
Terminals
Starting range
Neutral link

320

124

Ref.
198
320
322
323
325
343
349
366
367
466

198

120

Qty
1
1
3
8
1
1
1
1
1

343

100

90

78

70

349

79

51

71

Description
Voltage regulator (AVR)
Coupling hub
Coupling disc
Fixing screw
Spacer shim
Diode bridge assembly
'O' ring seal
Terminal box side lid
Terminal box side lid with inspection door
AVR inspection door

17

LEROY-SOMER

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SPARE PARTS

5.4.2 - Twin-bearing LSA 50.2


48

42

47
50

367
466

366

30

33

60

68

130

41

36

128

21

15

320

Ref.
1
4
15
21
30
33
36
41
42
47
48
50
51
60
68
70
71
78
79
90
100
120

18

Qty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Description
Stator assembly
Rotor assembly
Fan
Lifting ring
Drive end shield
Protective grille
Exciter end shield
Cover front panel
Cable gland plate
Terminal box rear lid
Terminal box top lid
Inspection door
Air intake grille
DE bearing
Inner bearing cap
NDE bearing
Cover
Inner bearing cap
Preloading wavy washer
Exciter field
Exciter armature
Terminal support

124

Ref.
124
128
130
198
320
343
349
365
366
367
466

198

120

343

Qty
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

100

90

78

70

349

79

51

71

Description
Terminals
Starting range
Neutral link
Voltage regulator (AVR)
Hub
Diode bridge assembly
'O' ring seal
Terminal box rear lid
Terminal box side lid
Terminal box side lid with inspection door
AVR inspection door

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

LEROY-SOMER

4099 en - 03.2007 / a

LSA 50.2 - 4 POLES


ALTERNATORS
SPARE PARTS

Alternator Division

6 June 2007

EC DECLARATION OF INCORPORATION

Concerns electric generators designed to be incorporated in machines subject to Directive no. 98/37/EC.

The manufacturer :

Moteurs LEROYSOMER
Boulevard Marcellin Leroy
16015 ANGOULEME (France)

Herein declares that the electric generators in the PARTNER range (low voltage) and those series based on them
conform to the following standards and directives:
 EN and IEC 600341 and 600345
 ISO 85283 (Design of alternators for generator applications)
 Low Voltage Directive no. 73/23/EC dated 19 February 1973, modified by Directive no. 93/68/EC
dated 22 July 1993
These generators are designed to be used in complete power generating sets which must comply with the
following standards and directives:
 Machinery directive no. 98/37/EC
- EMC directive no. 89/336/EC modified by Directives nos. 92/31 EC dated 28 April 1992 and 93/68/EC
dated 22 July 1993, concerning the intrinsic characteristics of emission and immunity levels.


Standard EN 602041 (Electrical Equipment of Industrial Machines)

WARNING:
The abovementioned generators must not be commissioned until the machines in which they are to be
incorporated have been declared as conforming to Directives nos. 98/37/EC and 89/336 EC and any other
directives that may be applicable.

Ref : 4152 en 06.2007/a


ALTERNATOR DIVISION

19

LEROY-SOMER 16015 ANGOULME CEDEX - FRANCE

338 567 258 RCS ANGOULME


Limited company with capital of 62,779,000 euro
www.leroy-somer.com