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Relevance of the Peruvian

Geological Survey to
promote the mining sector
Eng. Susana Vilca
Geological Mining and Metallurgical
Institute

PERU IS RICH IN NATURAL RESOURCES BECAUSE
OF ITS COMPLEX GEOLOGY AND RELIEF

PERUVIAN MINING POLICY

The primary objective of the Peruvian mining policy is
rationally exploit the mineral resources, respecting the
environment and creating conditions for the progress
of Peru in a stable and harmonious environment for
business and society
Thereby, the State promotes the growth of mining and
energy activities, promoting prevention and mitigation of
environmental and social impacts to achieve sustainable
development.

METAL MINING PRODUCTION

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Geological maps Geochemistry Geophysics Hydrogeology Hazard assessment and vulcanology Laboratory CONCESSIONS Mining concessions Mining cadastre Validity right and penalty PROMOTER ANAPs Geoenvironmental baseline of river basin GEOCATMIN Local communities .

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY .

CONCESSIONS MINING CONCESSIONS AND CADASTRE. VALIDITY RIGHT AND PENALTY .

Not less than 30 calendar days from the last publication. INSCRIPCIÓN (OPCIONAL/TITULAR) 6 . Consented the title (15 days of publication). First 15 days of the following month. 5. 2. 30 days to these reports. 7 days to review the request and notify. 4. 30 business days to publish and 60 calendar days to applied. 6.PROCEDURE FOR GRANTING MINING CONCESSIONS INFORME TÉCNICO PETITORIO 1 INFORME LEGAL INFORME TÉCNICO PUBLICACIONES DE CARTELES EN EL PERUANO Y EN UN DIARIO LOCAL 2 3 INFORME LEGAL TÍTULO CONCESIÓN 4 PUBLICACIÓN (RELACIÓN DE TÍTULOS) 5 1. 3.

INGEMMET .MINING RIGHTS The time to obtained the mining rights is between 3 and 6 months Source: 2013-2014.

DISTRIBUTION TO THE REGIONS FROM THE MAINTENANCE FEE PAYMENT Fuente: INGEMMET .

promote environmental and social excellence. S. responsible relationship. assumed compliance agreements. Art. N° 052-2010-EM . N° 042-2003-EM Modificado por D.APPLICATION FOR MINING CONCESSION The headline should contribute to local sustainable development. contribute to employment and local economic development and or regional seeking diversification of economic activities within a framework of continuous and timely dialogue in accordance with the applicable rules of citizen participation . S. 1° del D.

aliens. lands. directly or indirectly. Therefore. aliens may not acquire or possess under any title. they may in no instance invoke exception or diplomatic protection. mines. water. . whether it be individually or in partnership. within a distance of fifty kilometers from the borders. in any case. whether they be natural or juridical persons. fuel or energy sources. Sole exceptions are cases of public need expressly determined by executive decree approved by the Cabinet in accordance to the law. woods. are in the same conditions as Peruvians. However. under penalty of losing that so acquired right to the State.MINING CONCESSIONS ALONG THE BORDERS Article 71 Regarding to property.

land or any name that refers to those goods. Scope and Effects Article 9 . as established in the 70th and 88th articles of the Constitution of Peru.-Mining concession is a property distinct and separate from the property where it is located. Ley de Tierras LEY Nº 26505 No land concessions.MINING ACTIVITY Ley de Recursos Hídricos LEY Nº 29338 GENERAL MINING LAW Mining Concession: Content. corresponds to The State guarantee the right to own land. . no concessions other than the reservoir Natural Resources.

Scope and Effects STATE CONTROL OF MINING ACTIVITIES .GENERAL MINING LAW Mining Concession: Content.

permits. etc. authorizations. The mining concession area is distinct to the area where the exploration or exploitation are . granted by competent authorities allow mining Exploration or Exploitation in the area where you will develop the "Mining Project". licenses.MINING CONCESSIONS MINING ACTIVITY CONCESION MINERA Environmental Certification.

709.46 0.6031 128.91 .171.709.132.MINING ACTIVITY IN PERU 2013: DERECHOS MINEROS CON ACTIVIDAD MINERA A NIVEL NACIONAL DERECHOS MINEROS SUMA(Has.) AREA DEL TERRITORIO NACIONAL(Has.46 0.0054 128.768.132.459.31 2 EXPLOTACION 4224 1.) % AREA SOLICITADA Nº TIPO CANTIDAD DE DM 1 EXPLORACION 835 403.

500 has 1 Final report (2014) 20.500 has 3 1 10 4 2 3 10 6 11 Next evaluation (2015-2016) 191.PROMOTER ROLE ANAPS Prospect studies 11 Total area: 235.500 has 9 2 On evaluation (2013-2014) 23.500 has 7 12 8 7 12 4 7 8 5 9 5 6 .

GEOENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE OF RIVER BASIN .

INGEMMET AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES .

2013 ESRI Latin American Award. 3.ingemmet.PROMOTER ROLE 1. Award for best practices in public management 2012.gob.pe . Viewed in 100 countries on 5 continents. 4. 2. More than 800.000 daily interactions. http://geocatmin.

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Geological Potential and Metallogenic belts Complex Geology 23 metallogenic belts .

As. phreatomagmatic breccia dykes with Au. Sb.Orogenic Au Vein Deposits The Carboniferous hydrothermal system: Au-Zn-Pb veins. Tl and Hg 9% of national Au production .

VMS and IOCG Belts Tambogrande (Cu-Zn-Au-Ag) Winter (2008) Perubar (Cu-Fe-Au) Marcona (Fe-Cu-Au) .

IRON OXIDE Copper-Gold (IOCG) mineralization 7 km .

7% Fe and 0. . The deposit is located at a depth of 400 m.12% Cu.IRON OXIDE Copper-Gold (IOCG) mineralization Pampa del Pongo Project (2006) The Minera Cardero's reported 953 Mt @ 44.

Giant Porphyry Copper Deposits Veinlets Gaps Disseminated Chalcopyrite skarn .

Expansion Programs Antamina mine (Cu-Zn-Ag): 12-9 Ma Antapaccay(Cu-Au-Ag): 32-29 Ma 2 km 2 km Toquepala (Cu-Mo-Au): 65-56 Ma Cerro Verde (Cu-Mo): 60-52 Ma 2 km 2 km .

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Epithermal Deposits .

Epithermal Deposits La Zanja vuggy silica Tantahuatay Yanacocha Lagunas Norte Pierina Veinlets in andesites Quicay Antapite Orcopampa Santa Rosa Veinlets and breccias .

Epithermal: Sediment hosted distal 2 km Cajamarca city 2 km .

OTHER ORE DEPOSITS Bongará MISSISSIPPI VALLEY (MVT) BASE METALS MOUNTAIN RANGE Milpo Colquijirca Cerro de Pasco San Vicente San Vicente : Accumulated production and reserves are: >19 Mt @ 11% Zn and 0. (1996) .8% Pb. Spangenberg et al.

Uranium – REE U R A NI O Uranium Study Area URANIUM REE .

AREAS FOR EXPLORATION stream sediment samples .

National Geological Maps 501 Quadrangles Scaled at 1/100.000 136 Geological Bulletins .

Regional Geology Geological maps of Peru Scale 1:50 000 .

252 Peruvian Andes Geochemistry (20142015) .725 2010-2012: 22.Geochemistry Total samples 2000-2010: 18.

to 2021 Geological mapping plan Stream sediments geochemistry .

INVENTORY OF SOURCES WATER 2. EVALUATION OF QUALITY AND QUANTITY WATER 3. ZONING OF RESERVOIR ROCKS 2016-2021 2015 2014 Published .Hydrogeology PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES 1.

properties.Nonmetallic Potential Nonmetallic materials are investigated. distribution. uses and marketing . reservoirs.

there are 31 concession agreements on geothermal exploration addressed to 7 private partnerships. 2014: INGEMMET has started the geophysical and structural geology studies of the geothermal sources .Geothermal sources At present.

Geological park baseline and Geotourism .

We are contributing to the “Sustainable development” of all the regions in Perú .