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Relevance of the Peruvian

Geological Survey to
promote the mining sector
Eng. Susana Vilca
Geological Mining and Metallurgical
Institute

PERU IS RICH IN NATURAL RESOURCES BECAUSE


OF ITS COMPLEX GEOLOGY AND RELIEF

PERUVIAN MINING POLICY

The primary objective of the Peruvian mining policy is


rationally exploit the mineral resources, respecting the
environment and creating conditions for the progress
of Peru in a stable and harmonious environment for
business and society
Thereby, the State promotes the growth of mining and
energy activities, promoting prevention and mitigation of
environmental and social impacts to achieve sustainable
development.

METAL MINING PRODUCTION

GEOLOGICAL
SURVEY
Geological maps
Geochemistry
Geophysics
Hydrogeology
Hazard assessment
and vulcanology
Laboratory

CONCESSIONS

Mining concessions
Mining cadastre
Validity right and
penalty

PROMOTER
ANAPs
Geoenvironmental baseline
of river basin

GEOCATMIN
Local communities

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

CONCESSIONS
MINING CONCESSIONS AND CADASTRE, VALIDITY RIGHT AND PENALTY

PROCEDURE FOR GRANTING MINING CONCESSIONS


INFORME
TCNICO

PETITORIO

INFORME
LEGAL

INFORME
TCNICO

PUBLICACIONES
DE CARTELES EN EL PERUANO
Y EN UN DIARIO LOCAL

INFORME
LEGAL

TTULO
CONCESIN

PUBLICACIN
(RELACIN DE TTULOS)

1. 7 days to review the request and notify.


2. 30 business days to publish and 60 calendar days to applied.
3. 30 days to these reports.
4. Not less than 30 calendar days from the last publication.
5. First 15 days of the following month.
6. Consented the title (15 days of publication).

INSCRIPCIN
(OPCIONAL/TITULAR)

MINING RIGHTS

The time to obtained the mining rights is between 3 and 6 months

Source: 2013-2014, INGEMMET

DISTRIBUTION TO THE REGIONS FROM THE MAINTENANCE FEE PAYMENT

Fuente: INGEMMET

APPLICATION FOR MINING CONCESSION

The headline should contribute to local


sustainable
development;
promote
environmental and social excellence;
assumed
compliance
agreements;
responsible relationship; contribute to
employment
and
local
economic
development and
or regional seeking
diversification of economic activities within
a framework of continuous and timely
dialogue in accordance with the applicable
rules of citizen participation .
Art. 1 del D. S. N 042-2003-EM
Modificado por D. S. N 052-2010-EM

MINING CONCESSIONS ALONG THE BORDERS


Article 71
Regarding to property, aliens, whether they be natural or
juridical persons, are in the same conditions as Peruvians.
Therefore, in any case, they may in no instance invoke
exception or diplomatic protection.
However, within a distance of fifty kilometers from the
borders, aliens may not acquire or possess under any title,
directly or indirectly, mines, lands, woods, water, fuel or
energy sources, whether it be individually or in
partnership, under penalty of losing that so acquired right
to the State. Sole exceptions are cases of public need
expressly determined by executive decree approved by
the Cabinet in accordance to the law.

MINING ACTIVITY

Ley de Recursos Hdricos


LEY N 29338

GENERAL MINING LAW


Mining Concession: Content, Scope and
Effects
Article 9 .-Mining concession is a property
distinct and separate from the property
where it is located, corresponds to The State
guarantee the right to own land, as
established in the 70th and 88th articles of
the Constitution of Peru.

Ley de Tierras
LEY N 26505

No land concessions, land or any name that refers to those


goods; no concessions other than the reservoir Natural
Resources.

GENERAL MINING LAW


Mining Concession: Content, Scope and Effects

STATE CONTROL OF MINING ACTIVITIES

MINING CONCESSIONS
MINING ACTIVITY

CONCESION
MINERA

Environmental Certification,
permits,
authorizations,
licenses, etc. granted by
competent authorities allow
mining
Exploration
or
Exploitation in the area where
you will develop the "Mining
Project".

The mining concession area is distinct to the area where the


exploration or exploitation are

MINING ACTIVITY IN PERU

2013: DERECHOS MINEROS CON ACTIVIDAD MINERA A NIVEL NACIONAL


DERECHOS MINEROS
SUMA(Has.)

AREA DEL TERRITORIO


NACIONAL(Has.)

% AREA
SOLICITADA

TIPO

CANTIDAD DE DM

EXPLORACION

835

403,459.0054

128,709,132.46

0.31

EXPLOTACION

4224

1,171,768.6031

128,709,132.46

0.91

PROMOTER ROLE

ANAPS
Prospect studies
11

Total area: 235,500 has


1

Final report
(2014)
20,500 has

9
2

On evaluation
(2013-2014)
23,500 has

3 1
10 4
2

3
10
6
11

Next evaluation
(2015-2016)
191,500 has

7 12
8

7
12
4
7
8

5
6

GEOENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE OF RIVER BASIN

INGEMMET AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES

PROMOTER ROLE

1.
2.
3.
4.

Viewed in 100 countries on 5 continents.


More than 800,000 daily interactions.
Award for best practices in public management 2012.
2013 ESRI Latin American Award.
http://geocatmin.ingemmet.gob.pe

Geological Potential and Metallogenic belts

Complex Geology

23 metallogenic
belts

Orogenic Au Vein Deposits


The Carboniferous hydrothermal
system: Au-Zn-Pb veins,
phreatomagmatic breccia dykes with Au,
As, Sb, Tl and Hg

9% of
national Au
production

VMS and IOCG Belts


Tambogrande
(Cu-Zn-Au-Ag)
Winter (2008)

Perubar
(Cu-Fe-Au)

Marcona
(Fe-Cu-Au)

IRON OXIDE Copper-Gold (IOCG) mineralization

7 km

IRON OXIDE Copper-Gold (IOCG) mineralization

Pampa del Pongo Project (2006)


The Minera Cardero's reported
953 Mt @ 44.7% Fe and 0.12% Cu.
The deposit is located at a depth of
400 m.

Giant Porphyry Copper Deposits

Veinlets

Gaps

Disseminated

Chalcopyrite
skarn

Expansion Programs
Antamina mine (Cu-Zn-Ag): 12-9 Ma

Antapaccay(Cu-Au-Ag): 32-29 Ma

2 km

2 km

Toquepala (Cu-Mo-Au): 65-56 Ma


Cerro Verde (Cu-Mo): 60-52 Ma

2 km

2 km

Epithermal Deposits

Epithermal Deposits

La Zanja

vuggy silica

Tantahuatay
Yanacocha
Lagunas Norte
Pierina

Veinlets
in andesites

Quicay
Antapite
Orcopampa

Santa
Rosa

Veinlets and breccias

Epithermal: Sediment hosted distal

2 km
Cajamarca city

2 km

OTHER ORE DEPOSITS

Bongar

MISSISSIPPI VALLEY (MVT)


BASE METALS MOUNTAIN RANGE

Milpo
Colquijirca
Cerro de Pasco

San Vicente

San Vicente : Accumulated production


and reserves are: >19 Mt @ 11% Zn and
0.8% Pb.
Spangenberg et al. (1996)

Uranium REE
U
R
A
NI
O

Uranium
Study Area

URANIUM
REE

AREAS FOR EXPLORATION

stream
sediment
samples

National Geological Maps

501 Quadrangles
Scaled at 1/100,000
136 Geological
Bulletins

Regional Geology

Geological maps of Peru


Scale 1:50 000

Geochemistry

Total samples
2000-2010: 18,725
2010-2012: 22,252

Peruvian Andes
Geochemistry (20142015)

to 2021

Geological
mapping plan

Stream
sediments
geochemistry

Hydrogeology

PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES
1. INVENTORY OF SOURCES WATER
2. EVALUATION OF QUALITY AND QUANTITY WATER
3. ZONING OF RESERVOIR ROCKS

2016-2021
2015
2014
Published

Nonmetallic Potential

Nonmetallic materials are investigated,


reservoirs, distribution, properties, uses and
marketing

Geothermal sources

At present, there are 31 concession


agreements
on
geothermal
exploration addressed to 7 private
partnerships.
2014: INGEMMET has started the
geophysical and structural geology
studies of the geothermal sources

Geological park baseline and Geotourism

We are contributing to the Sustainable


development of all the regions in Per