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Introduction to Ethernet

The Local Area Network (LAN) 2 .

Network Devices The various devices used to build a data communication network can be classified into type of equipment depending on how Ethernet packets are forwarded. ROUTER BRIDGE / SWITCH HUB 3 .

Functions of OSI layers OSI model layers Application Presentation Session Transport Encryption. file transfer. Maintains order Ensure delivery of entire file or message Network Routes data to different LANs and WANs based on network addresses Data Link Transmits packets from node to node based on station address Physical 4 Type of communication: e-mail. web browsing Electrical signals and cabling (physical medium) . stops sessions. Starts. BCD to binary et. data conversion: ASCII to EBCDIC.

TIFF. SLIP. PPP. Fiber. DNS. SOCKETS TCP. SSH.Protocols in OSI layers OSI model layers Application Presentation Session Transport SSL. Token Ring. SFTP. SNMP Coax. IRC. IP Sec. DCCP Network IP. ICMP. MIDI. Jpeg. UDP. SSH. GIF. SCTP. ECN. FDDI Physical 5 HTTP. mp3 VARIOUS API’S. Wireless . MPEG. IMAP. IGMP Data Link Ethernet. FTP.

OSI Layers • Media Layers • Host Layers 6 .

OSI and TCP/IP model TCP/IP model OSI model layers OSI model layers Application Protocol Application Presentation Protocol Presentation Application DATA Transport Transport Internet Network Layer 2.5 P SFD MAC EL VLAN MPLS IP MPLS Data Link Session TCP/UDP DATA Transport IPv4/6 TCP/UDP DATA Network IPv4/6 TCP/UDP DATA Layer 2.5 MAC S‐VLAN C-VLAN MPLS E L IPv4/6 TCP/UDP DATA FCS Data Link S‐VLAN C-VLAN MPLS E L IPv4/6 TCP/UDP DATA FCS Physical 20/40 20/8 Physical P SFD MAC Size in bytes: 7 1 12 Preamble Start frame Delimiter = Destination + Source MAC Address Ether Length/Type Virtual local area network Multiprotocol Label Switching Internet protocol 7 Presentation Session Protocol Session Network Interface Application 4 TCP UDP FCS 4 4 2 Transmission control protocol User datagram protocol Frame check sequence 4 46-1500 .5 Layer 2.

5” 8 . Layer 2 and “Layer 2.Inter-frame gap Ethernet works in Layer 1.

Thank you 9 .