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The “Rules” for the use of “every, each, all and whole”.

Presented by:
Hader Alexi Castillo
Luis M. Santos

Pablo Cesar Lozano

University Santiago de Cali (USC)
Course: Didactics of foreign languages
Santiago de Cali – April, 2016

2 Composites or compound words 3. Differences between every and all. Use of all and whole.1 Characteristics of all and whole. Abstract 2. 3. 4. 2. Use of every and each. (examples). 2. 5. Quiz for the class. (Examples) 3. .Contents 1.2 Idiomatics expressions. Rubrc 30-minutes lesson 6.1 Characteristics of every and each.

. but not in isolation. but it is not. look out for them. whole At first sight it seems that each of these words mean the same. Here are some general ideas to help in this process. each) have so many exceptions that one has to wonder if it's really worth learn them. -There is a plane to New York every day. As with many other issues of grammar. memorize a few. or when you don’t want to emphasize that each element of a group is the goal or executor of an action. “Every”. every. and gradually go internalizing the use of these words. as we will see soon. Use of every and each. whole. all. it is to see many examples. It’s used when all elements are executors or goal of an action.1. Abstract. Every. 2. each. Every Cada (todos todas) Each cada (uno) All Todos Whole Entero Look at this The "rules" for the use of (all.

Every and Each Characteristics Every. She was carrying a suitcase in each hand. . as an attribute of a plural noun is used only in connection with less than ten numbers. That is stresses that. “every”. c) They meet only every second week. b) “Every”. Examples. you cannot replace each for every. 1. 2. Each. a) “Every” is only used as an adjective. a) a) “Each” can be used as an adjective and a noun. a) Every person should be able to live in freedom. Very often “one” is added.“Each”. c) In any application and also in relation to ordinal numbers. is the central claim of the phrase. If a noun pronoun is needed. it uses the composite form. When the fact that each member of a group is the executor or goal of an action. b) We meet with friends of ours every two or three days. each element of a group in isolation may be the executor or goal of an action. is in the singular.

a) Each day she thinks about the future. everyone and each of us is necessary. d) We did not talk to each other for months after our last fight. Examples Compounds forms of Every Tell me everything about your new boyfriend! Everything Everybody Everyone Everywhere every time * Todo Did you meet everybody during your todos. thereby converting the adjective “every” inpronoun. . PAY ATTENTION TO THIS…! There is an idiomatic expression that can serve to better memorize the use of these two pronouns. Every time* I listen to this song. por todas partes We tried to find him everywhere. he was just en cualquierlost momento for hours. I get sad. COMPOSITES OR COMPOUNDS WORDS Like the other indefinite pronouns. c) “Each other” expresses a mutual relationship. a) Each (one) got a medal in the competition. todasbusiness trip? Everyone in the room wanted to see the todo el mundo guest of honour. e) The stamps cost 65 Cents each.” 2.3. “For this task. d) In relation to the lower numbers to ten it means "cada uno" Examples. you can also make compound words using “every”. c) The players were each in top form.b) Very often “each” is after the verb.

¡pero es sumamente común! Se pronuncia exactamente como hole (agujero). Before a noun in the singular means everything. In front of a plural all refers to a set of a number of countable nouns. Examples a) His friends all liked watching football. whole refers to the region. • a) “All” can stand before a plural noun (all the Human Beings) or in front of a pronoun object (all of them). WHOLE. • e) If using whole words that have no article must use the whole of. (all) only appears in relative s sentences. la w es muda. Por algún motivo muchos estudiantes de inglés no conocen esta palabra. Con sustantivos contables singulares utilizamos whole.3. • b) As a noun. • d) Substituting all by whole. • f) Regarding the geographical notions (all) refers to the people. . • c) In case there is an article (all) ahead of this article. In this case we must use the preposition “of”. The use of all and whole ALL. que significa entero. whole is before the article. / They all liked watching football.

Whether you take the green one or the blue one is all the same for me. People from all over the world like to travel to this historic place to see the ruins. Idiomatic expressions When his children left home. I really like it. 3. PAY ATTENTION TO THIS…! To better feel the difference between all and whole. compares these two sentences: I read the whole book in one night. d) He was nervous all day (long).a) She was mean to all of us. I read all the books in one night. She thought he did not deserve her support. he felt all alone. / He knew the whole of London very well. . we had a lot of fun doing it. c) All the others said that rain is no fun.1. don't mind her! b) All that remains is now in two boxes under my bed. Above all. f) All of London knew about the latest scandal. This is Jenny all over. We had all but fever. I know nothing at all about history. she gave it all the same. e) They were known for their good work in the whole of Berlin. / He was nervous the whole day.

= many pieces of equipment All the students in the class have computers.All's well that ends well. Every necklace in this store costs more than $1. she is a real expert in her field. . ALL Use all with plural countable nouns OR with uncountable nouns to mean 100% of many things: All of this equipment is new. (al fin y al cabo) all day long / all (the) day todo el día all the better todavía mejor all in all a fin de cuentas all of a sudden de repente first of all al principio at all events en todo caso all at once inmediatamente with all my heart con todo mi corazón 4. Every student in the class has a computer. Differences Between Every and All EVERY Use every with singular. countable nouns: -I do exercise every day. After all. All the necklaces in this store are expensive.000.

compare their differences and do exercise in order to help students clarify their doubts about the most common mistakes when it is practiced the English.) Activity Approach Rationale Sources Use of (every. memorize a few. so we can give them in a class the explanation they need to learn about the small but important differences in each of these words.Topic (Common errors in English. The "rules" for the use of (all.). encouraging the participation of students letting them questions about their knowledge or understanding of the subject before. . http://www. where this duet teachers will make a detailed explanation of the meaning and timely use of each of the four words to describe. each. we ensure that the class is understood by a small quiz which does not take more than 3 minutes. This activity is focused on detailing the correct use in various forms of each of the words in the subject. That’s why we think that it’s pretty much important for our describe their characteristics. using as support a slideshow but explaining each point on the board. during and after being explained. As with many other issues of grammar. Exercise 1. The activity has a duration of 30 minutes.curso-deingles. and gradually go internalizing the use of these words. Rubric (30-minutes lesson) 6. it is to see many examples. each) have so many exceptions that one has to wonder if it's really worth learn them. Answer the Quiz.hablamejoringles. look out for http://www. Complete the sentences with every or each.htm 5. whole. whole. every. all.

a. all the. b. whole. All. whole. all. c. a. 1.They argue _______ time. 2. all. d. . c. b.a. Whole the. the whole. 4. Whole. b.The ________ family was there. c. the. whole. c. Choose the correct answer. b. all. b.They spent ____________ time arguing. Not ________ good idea can become a reality. a. a. _______ people at the meeting were bored. Exercise 2. d. We ________ had a chance to play the game. All the. 3. Almost _________ student failed the exam.