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PITA

BPA 130 Artisan Breads and Viennoiserie

MAYUMI OWENS

Pita Bread



Pita is a kind of flat bread. Sometimes it is called Pitta or pide(Turkish),
pitka(Bulgarian) and pronounced “pitta” in Greek. Pita is soft, round, brown,
wheat flatbread made with yeast.

Pita originated in the near East, most probably Mesopotamia around 2500
BC. It is used in many Mediterranean, Balkan. And Middle eastern cuisines and
resembles other slightly leavened flatbreads such as Iranian nan-e barbari, South
Asian flatbreads, central Asian naan, and pizza crust.

The first know mention of the word in English was in 1936. The English
word is borrowed from Modern Greek πίτα. These all probably come from the
Byzantine Greek πίτα bread, cake, pie, pitta.

Pita is traditionally made in the Middle East and around the Mediterranean.
It also known as Arabic bread, or Lebanese bread or Syrian bread. It can also be
found in North Africa and the Levant. Possibly it was spread by the Ancient Greek
city states colonies, or by the spread of the Islam through the region.

Pita are baked at high temperatures (450’F or 232’C), causing the flattened
rounds of dough to puff up dramatically. When the pita was removed from the
oven, the layers of baked dough remain separated inside the delated pita, which
allows the bread to be opened to form a pocket.

Pita is sometimes baked without pockets and is called “pocket-less pita”.
Pita can be used to scoop sauces or dips such as hummus and taramosalata, or to
wrap kebabs, gyros or falafel in the manner of sandwiches. It can also be cut and
baked into crispy pita chips.

In Greek cuisine, pita may refer to thicker bread made with yeast, for
example souviaki pita. If may also refer to foods using many thin layer of dough,
usually with many different ingredients in between. That way, pies such as
tyropita and spanakopita or sweet pies such as baklava are made. The Indian
flatbread form of ‘Roti’ is sometimes referred to as “Indian pita”.

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Pita is the name of a kind of pastry pies which are found all over Greece (as
a home meal or as appetizers, snacks or desserts), filled with various ingredients
such as Kolokythopita (pumpkin filling), Mizithropita(crete)(mizithra cheese
filling), Melintzanopita(eggplant filling), Tsouknidopita(Urtica leaves filling),
Kremydopita(onion filling), Kreatopita(meat pie), Gatatopita(cream filling),
Marathopita(funnel filling), Tyropita, Spanakopita, Ladopita.



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References:

• Wikipedia “Pita”
• Japanese Wikipedia “Pita Bread”

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