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LANDS. AND LORDSHIPS THAT ARE IN THE WORLD SECOND SERIES No. XXIX ISSUED FOR 1912 .WORKS ISSUED BY XTbe Ibafclu^t Society BOOK OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THE KINGDOMS.

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R.O. Secretary. Sir Edward Hobart Seymour.G. Esq. G. DE Villiers. G.S. William Foster. The Right Hon. Lieut..-Colonel Sir Matthew Nathan. Alfred P. Esq. M..D. K. K. J..M. Vice-President.B. K. K. Bart.. Sir Everard im thurn. Thomas B.-Colonel Sir Richard Carnac Temple.G. Lieut.COUNCIL OF THE HAKLUYT SOCIETY Albert Gray. R. late R.E. Maudslay. CLE...S. President.G. Major Leonard Darwin.. G. Admiral of the Fleet The Right Hon.C. F.M.E. The Right Hon.G.E.B. Esq. C.B.S. Treasurer. K.G.... The Lord Belhaven and Stenton. Esq.. C.. I. Esq. A.C.C. R. R. Guillemard. F. H.. Basil J.C.B.M..M.B. Lieut.C.C.C. Vice-President. . Bolton Glanvill Corney.G. Admiral Sir Lewis Beaumont.S. H. O.. The Lord Peckover of Wisbech. Hon. Esq.-Colonel Charles Frederick Close. Esq.R. LL.C. Home Thomson. Ex-Pres. Edward Heawood. Vice-President. Admiral Sir Albert Hastings Markham. Sir Clements Robert Markham.D. Bowring. R. Esq. John Scott Keltie. Tedder.M. late Pres. H. Esq.

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C.. AND THE ARMS AND DEVICES OF EACH LAND AND LORDSHIP. VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE HAKLUYT SOCIETY LONDON PRINTED FOR THE HAKLUYT SOCIETY 1912 . AND LORDSHIPS THAT ARE IN THE WORLD. K.B.BOOK OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THE KINGDOMS. OR OF THE KINGS AND LORDS WHO POSSESS THEM WRITTEN BY A SPANISH FRANCISCAN IN THE MIDDLE OF THE XIV CENTURY PUBLISHED FOR THE FIRST TIME WITH NOTES BY MARCOS JIMENEZ DE LA ESPADA IN 1877 TRANSLATED AND EDITED BY SIR CLEMENTS MARKHAM. LANDS.

AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS .A. M.6 GTambrilige PRINTED BY JOHN CLAY.

and should have 67 leaves. to mantle. p. with a parchment cover. N. are in quarto. the second codex. is leaves. and Aragon is mentioned in The and the manuscript Dormer's Progreso de la historia en with notes by Zurita. which was incorporated into that of Osuno. fourth text el reino de is is have belonged originally to the Infantado Library. . was born in 1305. came from is now in complete initial E Don Estebanez the library of the " Biblioteca at " Madrid. most complete and most important. three.INTRODUCTION THERE exist three. with the arms or devices of all the countries mentioned. Royal Library and consists of 41 modern of the The the Royal Library. The manuscript 1 A is said to have been careless. In the on the first page there is a miniature of a personage writing. in blue with a red believed Nacional It Calderon. a native of Spain. Two who tells anonymous us that he of these texts are in the National Library at Madrid. were written S. written by an Franciscan Friar. All three and in the last third of the fifteenth century. vS" is the best. in the National Library. transfer It in 49 leaves. painted at the beginning of each section. 269. but some are missing. perhaps four 1 . the third is in Spanish editor has distinguished them as R. and R It is in the is the most N. codices in manuscript of a work on geography and travel.

and a poet. He was alike eminent He died in 1454. which belonged some doubt whether the miniature was intended for him." R and N differ very little from S and are copied from the same original. a very learned bibliographer. the learned whom Spanish-American history owes so much. the library of the Dukes of Infantado contained the books of the poet Marquis of Nearly Santillana. . The flags are given at the on one sheet. undertook to edit the manuscript of the anonymous Franciscan. and did the eminent geographer was published at Madrid Don in so with the aid of The work Francisco Coello. The binding is simple and in vellum. On Don the authority of Francisco Gonzalez Vera. 1877 with an alphabetical index of place names and identifications so far as was possible. tierra y schorio. and on Viage del mundo con las annas de todos sns the back Reynos. The title on the first page is Libro del los reynos y tierras y scuorios que y de las seuales y annas que han cada The flags or devices of all nations are Conoscimiento de todos son por cl mundo. in " the S belonged had no doubt But he initial letter E felt Duke to the after Marquis 1 . for it is original largely 1 Inigo Lopez de Mendoza. a scholar. and as a soldier. the books editor.INTRODUCTION Vlll then got into the hands of some bookseller who sold it to Senor Calderon. and examining the of Osuno. was created Marquis of Santillana by King Juan II of Castille in 1445. the first all have his arms on the margin of Vera initial letter. instead of being placed head of each chapter : from motives of economy. painted at the beginnings of each section or chapter. namely about 1350 to 1360. There can be no question of the date of the manuscript. and his portrait in the believed that the codex Espada. born in 1396. his eldest son was created Duke of Infantado. The and late Don Marcos Jimenes de accomplished scholar to la Espada. a statesman. in the library of the to Santillana. page.

having reconnoitred the Canary Islands and occupied the two easternmost of them. (See p. to Mr friar friar a huge joke 2 . he identifies 3 absurdities that is Espada gives these French versions of the Franciscan's narrative an appendix. The earlier critics of only acquainted with the chaplains of Bethencourt. 2 Geschichte der Erdkunde. or book of the conquest and conversion of the .).) flag of of Aragon. the chaplains 1404 1 Bethencourt. . the editor of the English of Bontier and The is Morel Fatio says that similar to the Catalan much it another place. Pedro IV like have existed. and on the confused Peschel says that the narrative of the geography. and reaching the As Rio del Oro of which he had heard. lvi. gives an excellent of Gotanie. which places it is written from a portolano of 1375. 174 («. p. They are in chapters lv. Bergeron remarks on the inexactitude of the historical and geographical data. conceived the project of exploring the African coast from Cape Boyador. pronounced against the Majorca given with the bars differenced from those a proof that the Franciscan wrote before 1375 when of Aragon annexed Majorca. by the chapter LVII marvellous things readers should think they were this chapters given four who wrote lest their the strength of passage mainly. they omitted that the Franciscan's narrative were certain in their On lies. in 3 4 Geschichte des Zeitalters der Entdecktingen. edited script by Bergeron. that the account of Melli. in map map not is too edition 1 . IX Verrier. lvii and Lvm of Bontier and Verrier. Such a Verrier 4 . contains so But he many said. and the date 1375 is Major. 25. They were published in the work of Bontier and Verrier. in the kingdom known late. was desirable it to obtain all available information. his chaplains Bontier and Verrier obtained a copy of the Franciscan's manu- and translated the chapters relating to Africa. " The Canarian.INTRODUCTION quoted by Pierre Bontier and Jean le who wrote in to Jean de Bethencourt.

3). as a narrative of Referring to what the Franciscan says about the Euphrates he is of opinion that the work a confused is compilation of the geographical traditions of the time. believed in the Franciscan's account of his having passed Cape Boyador." translated edited by R. friar did D'Avezac not derive his information from that source. 10. his Periplns traditions. 421. H. These critics. The Franciscan's account will be found at p. Major {Hakluyt Society. Canaries in 1402 by Messire Jean de Bethencourt. exactly as the Euphrates Mesopotamia" {Zanbent. Clima 1. 1 ill. Sec. came to the conclusion that the Franciscan was a traveller and not a mere compiler of Mr Beazley. Bergeron. a scholar of profound erudition and impartial in his judgments. for the account of the Euphrates by the Franciscan is entirely different from The that of Edrisi. wrote must not be supposed that the Franciscan made journeys recorded all in " It the the Libro del Conoscimiento. but in city of Kuku. the Spanish editor. affluents. given by Bontier and Verrier. 1872). who Dawn of Modem Geography 1 . could he compile? Mr Major From what thought that his account of the Euphrates was a rechauffe of Edrisi. and my Here a rechauffe of Edrisi. but he was The mistaken-.INTRODUCTION X work authenticity of the Franciscan's travel. D'Avezac and Major only knew the work from the extracts relating to Africa. others 2 " on one of its middle of the the Nile passes through the afterwards lost over the sandy forms lakes. plains of the desert. 422. friar was not indebted to Edrisi. largely of an imaginary journey. But and 416. Senor Espada." in There are obvious with regard to the theory difficulties that the Franciscan was merely a compiler. and then does in reality and is . Peschel. Edrisi wrote Some negroes think that this city (Kuku) is on the same Nile. The opinions of those who had studied the whole work must have more weight. old friend is certainly wrong. thinks that came it is a record Baron Nordenskiold. 46. used the Libro del Conoscimiento for his He to a similar conclusion.

but may be Other Portolani and maps are much later. There was nothing. But he was literally. The earliest. have visited every part of the known This cannot be conceded world. 2 In Baldelli's ed. gathered on the spot. Magog. The Lauren- dated about 1330. when in search of his father Ugolino. within his reach. were p. the Madeiras and Azores. of Marco Polo. His book 1350 or following years. of Benincasa 1476. the lead er of the Genoese expedition of 1291 When ad partes Lidice per mare Oceanum. At this distance of time what he actually saw cannot always be separated from what he heard. is have written indeed one of the very earliest mediaeval works on geography. the Catalan of Charles V of France the Valseca 143 1. he objected that he had been shown their tombs in a city in China. 1300. Mauro 1457. The Franciscan was the first to mention and give the names of most of the Canary Isles. he visited Cologne and saw the tombs of the three Kings. the known compass first chart the is " That of Carignano was drawn soon and has some Baltic towns and map not the if Sanudo of Marino map Angellino Dalorto's is ( 1 Carte after These and islands. and he diligently collected all the geographical information he could obtain. Bianca 1436.INTRODUCTION was too early his period for it xi to be possible that he could have used any of the mediaeval authorities on geography. is Pizigani 1367. that of the tian Portolano 2 later. supposed to date from 135 1. from which the Franciscan could pirate The friar claims to his narrative. . 1 See The statements respecting Gog and originally derived from the prophet Ezekiel. respecting the fate of Sorbone Vivaldo. 32 (note). He also supplies some interesting particulars. in the various places whither his wanderings took him. that of Fra 1375-78. The in latest date he gives 1348 is He may 1 . probably a great traveller. Pisane" of 1300. 321) alone preceded him.

but. they prove a knowledge only to be derived from information at or near the localities.INTRODUCTION Xll accepted by Arab geographers. From Libro del Cono- interesting feature of the that the text is first any to . . He goes on to describe Sierra Leone and the Gulf of Guinea. detailed accounts of the Guinea coast and the interior of Africa are puzzling in some respects. differences in the three codices. of equatorial Africa are confused and seem to be from hearsay. first to fix the locality of Prester in Africa. Bugia and other points. illustrated representation of the flags of This all in the very earliest is a geographical point of view the work of the Franciscan Atlas (e\v nations. have heard the tradition during his travels. first to describe and because he give an account of Africa south of the detail. the Nil Gana of the Arab geographers. Senor Espada made researches to ascertain the name of the ended anonymous Franciscan traveller. He gives a clear and precise definition of the famous Rio del Oro. The Franciscan was John the during the fourteenth century. This knowledge may- be due to contact with members of Genoese and Venetian caravans which penetrated far into the interior from Cairo. but without success. because he was the the Canary Islands. who began and his travels at Seville. There are a the countries. is important. and the modern Senegal. with the assistance of Padre Fray Marcellino de Civezza. in colours. as Peschel has shown. One very scimiento or devices of all is by the arms. while their locality was moved The to the far north-east of Asia. Magog cannot be residence in the castle of friar may well but his alleged His accepted. the Niger of Ptolemy and Pliny. Madeiras and Azores was the flags. the chronicler of the Franciscan order. All this is so exact that it bears the appearance of being based on But the rest of his notices personal knowledge.

sparing in my researches my I It was voyages of Pedro de found his help invaluable. M. his industry marvellous. My of the Libro del Conoscimiento has inscribed. J. and his labours leave nothing to be desired. another referring to matters of historical interest. la editor of rare manuscripts chiefly relating to the Spanish conquest of Peru. His learning was profound. It is well names with The a complete alphabetical index of attempts at identifications." my name "en testimonio . To these he added disposition. all those of the have only added an index I of place names arranged under regions. notes in the present translation are nearly Spanish editor condensed. in lamented de aprecio. R. assist his friends. his judgment sound. de la Espada. respecting the Sarmiento especially that own copy a most amiable and oblieinsr no trouble to friend's handwriting. and a few notes with Don Marcos Jimenez de M. Espada was an indefatigable C. to precede the alphabetical index.INTRODUCTION xiii The work was admirably edited by my lamented friend Don Marcos Jimenez de la Espada. more or less successful. and the civilisation of the Incas. and there is and learnedly annotated.

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— 1295 Fernando IV 1295 — 13 12 Alfonso XI 1312 — 1350 Pedro 1350 — 1369 • Sancho IV 1284 3 Creation 3761 4 Deluge 3101 5 747 3I2 (i B.m. COUNTRIES AND LORDSHIPS THAT THERE ARE IN THE WORLD. . in the reign of the very noble King Don Fernando son of the very noble King Don Sancho-. In 1 the name of God the Father and Son and Holy I was born Ghost. was 5065 years and the era of the deluge 4407 4 and of Nebuchadnezzar of Chaldsea 2502 years and of in the 3 . an apparent discrepancy of one between the Christian eras quoted above. 6. therefore Sept. B.c. 5 .THIS BOOK is A BOOK OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THE KINGDOMS. according to the Hebrews. This is the initial letter E referred to in the Introduction.C. kingdom of Castille. there is probably none in reality. and of Christ 1304 years 7 and of . and of Caesar Emperor of Rome 1343. 3 and Oct. is Hebrew and t . when the era of the world. Alexander the Great of Macedonia 6 16 17. three individual persons in one essence. Although there 7 according to the Alphonsine Tables. for the Hebrew New Year (Tishri 1st) can fall on any date between Sept.d.C. D. AND OF THE ENSIGNS AND ARMS OF EACH COUNTRY AND LORDSHIP ALSO OF THE KINGS AND LORDS WHO GOVERN THEM. "En 1 el nombre" &c. may well have been 5065 a. B. years m. of the B. K. 11 in 1304 a.C.

SPAIN

2

the Arabs 706

on the

day of the month of September.
There are in the kingdom of the said King 28 cities and
many other towns, castles, and villages. Three of the cities
are Archbishoprics, namely Seville, Toledo, and Compostella,
and 25 are Bishoprics, namely Algesiras 2 Cordova, Jaen,
1

,

1

ith

,

Murcia, Badajos, Soria,Ciudad Rodrigo,Zamora, Salamanca,
Plasencia, Avila, Segovia, Palencia, Cuenca,

Osma, Astorga,

Burgos, Leon, Oviedo, Orense, Tuy, Mondonedo, Calahorra,

kingdom there are four principal
chains of mountains. The mountains of Bizcaya which are
along the coast of the western sea, and are continued by
Siguenza 3

;

and

in this

the heights of Asturias

;

the

other chain

they

call

the

mountains of Segovia, where there are many towns and
villages, the other

fourth
rivers

is

known

have their

called

the

they

call

the Sierra Morena, and the

as the Sierra
origin,

de Segura, where two great

namely the Guadalquivir, anciently

passing by Cordova and

Betis,

Seville,

entering the sea at a place called Barrameda.
river, called

The

the Segura, flows by Murcia and enters the

Mediterranean near a place called Guadamar.

kingdom

and
other

there

are

six

great

rivers,

the

In

this

Guadalquivir

already mentioned, the Tagus which flows by Toledo and

by Santarem and enters the western sea near a city they
They call the
call Lisboa in the kingdom of Portugal.
other river Douro.

It

flows

by Zamora, and enters the

western sea near the town they
call

call

Portogallo.

They

the other river Guadiana, which flows by the city of

Badajos and enters the western sea at a place known as
Castro Marin.

1

622

The

other

is

called the

Ebro which

flows

A. D.

after a long siege, by Abu-1-Hasan,
Morocco, in 1344. It would, therefore, be the most modern
of the Spanish bishoprics.
3
Alfonso X appointed Fray Roberto to this
Silves in Algarve.
2

King

Delivered to Alfonso XI
of

bishopric 1242.

PLATE

1

CASTILLE

2

IS'

3

4 NAVARRE

<S>

BAYONNE

PORTUGAL

<S)

IS)

4

NAVARRE

<N>

1

near the 2 On 3 Bayonne was then under the King of mouth of the Mino. The ensigns of the Kings of this kingdom are a flag with two castles and two lions quarterly. Santarem and Braga. Affonso IV 1323 a very rich cities. and Aragon and Granada. near the Pyrenean mountains. and thence to Castro Urdiales and thence to to San Sebastian. the Tagus. King Dinis 1279 1 It for his flag white with a cross which there are three great in Gascony. and Douro This kingdom borders on the western already mentioned. to the port of Bayona the less 2 . in is seated The 3. . R.) Bayona and entered Navarre. England. by a the Mediterranean that this BAYONNE city Castille called Tortosa. all of which is the King of Castille.) departed from Portugal and went by the coast of the western sea to the province of Galicia.SPAIN — PORTUGAL— TO by Tudela and Zaragoza. and three great flow rivers across it. R. C.) I. 2. Portogallo. and Leon has all the Bayona the greater. (See sea coast of the west as far as Plate and Navarre borders on I. I this sea. C. M. The arms of kingdom are castles all round and quinas in the sea and the this (See Plate middle. 323 — 1337 — Pedro I 1357 1367 the west coast of Galicia. entering Know cities kingdom of 3 of the kingdom of Aragon. departed from the kingdom of Castille and went to I kingdom of Portugal the 1 where found four large I cities. M. and thence to Pontevedra. Guadiana. coast land of the Bayona the greater which on the western Lord of red 3 . like these. kingdom of Castille and Leon. Bayona has (See Plate left is 1 to wit kingdom Pamplona. I I. 1. Thence I went to and thence Bilbao. and thence to Santander. Lisboa.

went to the point of Sanmae which Sancho 1 el fuerte is in and the 1194 Blanca = Theobald I of Champagne I Theobald II 1234 I. the side of these mountains left of Burdeos and Limogines 3 and the noble city of . 6 Armagnac. and the to mountains four great first I. through it. — TOULOUSE Three great the flag as follows 2 which reach (See Plate . the second Sigre. Sinca. the third Giron and the fourth On Ebro.) have their rivers in They rise. Enrique 1270 I Juana = Philippe le Bel I Louis Juan X 1 31 = Comte d'Evreux Charles the Bad 1343 I Charles the Noble 1387 I Blanca = Juan Yiana The King 3 Bordeaux. I it country of Ampuria. of from Navarre and crossed the Pyrenees departed I rivers flow The King the Ebro. From that time the Kings of Navarre R. thence Tolosa has this the country is and Armenaque 4 Tolosa 6 where the and the Lord of studied. .! Toulouse. bore the chain on their coat of arms. has for a sign 1 4. a rich city of France. and Signe. and on their flag. C 4 Limoge. 5. I and then to Rochela. and Piteos liberal arts are for his sign a red II.NAVARRE 4 Tudela and Estela. at the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1213. . M.) Tolosa and turned along the coast of the country left of Burdeo. of Aragon Leonore Comtesse de Carlos Prince of 2 II Foix of Navarre and his knights broke the chain which defended the approach to the Almohade Sultan's tent. these call the Sinca. flag with a cross of gold. (See Plate 5 .

PLATE 5 TOULOUSE 5 (S) TOULOUSE 6 7 FLANDERS (SI FRANCE 5 (R) TOULOUSE iS' 8 2 GERMANY (S> IN) .

.

FRANCE

5

province of Bretanea, thence to the Gulf of Samalo 1 and
,

thence to the province of Normandia.

All these are in the

kingdom of

many

and

Francia, where there are

Leaving Normandia along the

villages.

to the Gulf of Loira into

they

towns

cities,

coast,

which enters a great

came

I

river

which

Saina 2 which traverses the whole kingdom of

call

France, and passes through the centre of the great city of
Paris.

It

and from

enters the sea in the Gulf of Loira,

Know

gulf to Paris there are four days journey.

this

that the

kingdom of France borders on the Mediterranean where
there

a city called Narbonne, and on the Alps of Alsace

is

and on the coasts of Flanders, and

The King

Gascuefia to the Pyrenees.
fleurs
I

de lys of gold.
Paris

left

(See Plate

II,

all

of France has three

6.)

and went to Roan and Chalon and thence

of France, and
is

left

I

in

it

and reached a

this Cales to the island of

8 miles 3

Know that

England

is

a short crossing of

of Flanders, to a noble city which they call Brujas 4
lord of that country has a flag

(See Plate

II,

Thence
Solanda

I

— gold

.

with a black

The
lion.

7.)

went along the coast

and thence

5

from

departed from Cales and went to the country

I

.

city called

rich

the province of Picardy.

to

kingdom

a city on the coast which they call Diepa in the

Cales which

of

coasts

the

to

another Leobec which are

cities

which they

to a city

call

Maxa", and

another called

Thence

of Germany.

to
I

passed to the great and rich city of Dodrec

7

great river which they call Rinus, having

origin in the

German

Alps.

Germany.

its

,

crossing a

This river passes by Colona, a great city of

Magian

In this city they say that the three

Kings are

interred,

But when

I

who worshipped

Jesus Christ in Belem.

travelled in the empire of

Mala

The

Seine.

Cataya
:;

1

St

4

Bruges.

5

Zeeland.

8

Maastricht?

7

Dordrecht.

-

I

Leagues

was
?

in

a

RHONE AND DANUBE

6
city called Solin

1

and they showed

me

three highly revered

monuments and they were in honour of the three Magian
Kings who adored Jesus Christ, and they said that they
were natives of that city. In this Germany there are some
very high mountains which they call the German Alps.
Two rivers rise in them, one called Ruedano which flows
by a city called Leon 3 and unites with another very large
river coming from the Alps of Alsace.
They flow past
2

,

Lucdevic and Avinon 4 a city where the Pope
,

resides,

and

enter the Mediterranean Sea near a city they call Arle.

kingdom of Proencia. They call
the other river Rinus and it flows by the city of Colone
which I have already referred to, and enters the German
Sea.
The other river is called Danubio. It traverses all
Germany and enters the middle of the kingdom of Ungria,
These

cities are in

the

forming ten large islands.
they

make

I

how

will relate

a great lake of sweet water, in the province of

Barbaria 5 which they

Karispona

(Further on

7

),

city they call

call

Danoye 6 Lake, near

a city called

and enters the province of Grimania near a

Tusna 8

Afterwards the Danubio enters the

.

province of Panonia, and goes by Patania and Ebruc and

Viana 9 and Arruzvar 10 and afterwards enters the kingdom
of Ungria and, crossing the whole of it, enters the greater sea
,

by a

city

which they

large island.
flag

call

Vesina

11
.

After that

The Emperor of Germany has
12

—yellow with a black eagle crowned

13

it

forms a very

for his device

(See Plate

.

a

II, 8.)

I
According to Marco Polo the three Kings were buried at Saba,
a town in Persia, 50 miles S.W. of Teheran.
The Catalan map places
their tombs in Eastern Turkestan.
One Church legend was that they
were buried in Hadramaut whence the Empress Helena had the bodies
conveyed to Milan. Frederick Barbarossa removed them to Cologne.

-

Rhone.

II

Lake

9

Vienna.

3

Lyons.

of Donauschingen.
10

4

Avignon.

6

Bavaria.

7

Ratisbon.

8

Thurmastauf.

Hedervar.

» Widdin.

Charles IV King of Bohemia 1349— 1378, Father of the Emperors
Wenceslaus and Sigismond.
12

13

Ashmole gives the Emperor Sigismond

headed

eagle.

1

376—1419 a double-

PLATE 9 FRISIA 11 10 (S) LITEFAMIA (S) 12 BOHEMIA POLAND (S) (S) 3 .

is and thence in to the dukedom Bondismaguc 19 Upper Germany. another . One III. :i 4 Amrom. (Sleswig). Corp 1 "'. The gold with three as Frisia. with three long black . 18 (in Holstein). 5 Fanno. they crown . Arens 13 another Ardonep 14 another Damesmare. 2 Elbe. another Dandora this point to another Dasia. I left the . I 1 Device on the flag the 60 — same miles. thence to Rosgot which are cities of Grisualdiz'2" called Alechon. and thence on the this I banks then of went lake called a city called to 1 Holland. From King . Passing 18 . 13 Odensee. another another Artuz 12 another another . . The King . largest is called Kings of Dacia. so that this kingdom only has one single entrance. another Bonia. to a city great Romo. ! ' 10 Abrensbok 12 Aarhus. In there are twelve great it Burbena 8 and . ". a flag is (See Plate lions. 19 Rostock. and called Rayna in Ganglante 6 that gulf there are four islands. Norvega the distance is of this Dacia has for his device a flag black 17 lions. then passed over a I great river which they call Albia 2 rising in the mountains . Frisa. 10 Donder 17 Should be azure with a field or semee of hearts gules.FRISIA 1 the in 7 from Colofia and went to a city called departed I Colanda AND DENMARK kingdom of Frisia. 15 Gottorp. departed from the kingdom of Dacia and returned to Germany. Another they Abenbruc 10 in it Burgalensis 9 call another Fandeuz 11 . The cities. Borlun? n Randers. to a city called Lubec which of Xaxonia. 8 Viborg. Ludershagen. 20 Greifswald. of Frisia's device . the Biva. Heligoland. 14 Haderslev. 6 7 Baltic. another Erria 4 another Finonia 5 3 .) kingdom of Frisia and presently entered the kingdom Dacia of the Danes which is all surrounded by the German Sea 7 and on the other side is the Gulf of Frisa. . Here the German Sea forms the great Gulf of of Boemia. is another —gold 9.

Dansicha 3 called river called and falls and thence to another city Dansicha there passes a great thence to Escorpe By . two cities 3 Danzig. and to another the name of which was CURCONlAand CULMAN which are great provinces between Germany and the greater sea.GERMANY — BOHEMIA 8 Corveric 1 . it for his device a flag (See Plate III. this Turonie 4 which into the -2 the rises in Bohemian mountains Sea of Germany. kingdom of Boemia there are seven great cities. called Vandalor 10 near an extensive land called Avandalia times ancient In people the Andalusia of Spain and gave Boemia has crowned. 4 Thorne giving Posen ? 5 !l Elbe. 7 Nossen. is known its name 2 8 "' that between the Stolpe in Pomerania. populous land and the King of flag with this sign. I left (See Plate LITEFAMA and where there are it III. . This Praga is all surrounded by a lofty range which they call the mountains In the middle there is a great plateau. another UNGRADIA. u Vandalia. of . and though it may be that they are inhabited by Christians and I arrived at two great still they are schismatics between the greater sea cities and the Sea of Germany called LITEFAMA and CATALANT between the greater sea and the German Sea. left I of that name. and in of Boemia. Avandalia — white 11 .) BOEMIA and went to a province which they call sant NURIO. Sieradz. Posna Sirca 6 Noxia the largest called Praga where they crown the King of Boemia. POLONIA being Another SANTA the)- call RINALIA. conquered The King of with a red lion 10. its centre is the city surrounded by a great river called Albia 9 Another larger river also rises in those mountains In the 5 8 7 . the largest MARIA where they crown the a very kings. Grisna. another VCIBANT. It is has for a device a white u.) entered the kingdom of five great cities. another VIRONA. and it 1 Colberg. 8 Prague. . . Vadahes. to the Vistula.

.

PLATE 4 13 LEON 13 (S) 14 15 GOTLANDIA SWEDEN 15 NORWAY (N) (S) (S) 16 LEON (8) GOTLANDIA (N) .

) German turned to the other coast of the to the part of the Europe which is will TRASMONTANA being the land of mention further on. Lund. another TINEZ. It another CHINA. 9 Wexio. The King has (See Plate a green flag with a red cross as IV. 3 Livonia. The King of POLONIA has for his design a green of the flag with this sign in red. .POLAND UNGRADIA and virona — GALICIA there flows a great river which tanaiz. Baltic. 4 Swabia. which is a gulf German Sea is a gulf which as the province of 9 PALONIA another this said to rise in the is snows TRASMONTANA. Soderman. (See Plate III. 11 . The King . 8 Coast near Lund. as follows 13 . 12 13 The Duke of Gueldarlund had two lions rampant combatant. IV. 3. another VASADINO. enters the western sea as far Also by a very great river which : say PALONIA. called more And further on. 7 8 . . entered a great I province they call SUEVIA and found a city called very rich and populous though the land is RODERIN very cold. .) 5 10 way u Istad. . I here shown. to wit TARSA ANDINE CHICOBERGIS 9 LANDIS 10 ystat formeans 12 In this kingdom there are two great lakes. " Skarsta. 1 ' It has in it nine cities. of this SUEVIA has for his device a yellow flag with two red lions facing each other in the (See Plate 1 Lemberg. passing between Germany and the Norwegian mountains. and to form a great lake near virona. They call the first LEON. 6 Roggervvick. must be known that this kingdom of LEON borders on the province of RUMENIA 3 and with the kingdom of SUAVA 4 left I the 1 2 . flows shall I they say that this river enters the German Sea. For the of the western sea. - Galicia.) kingdom of POLONIA and went to the kingdom of LEON which the Germans call LUMB-REC in which there are five great cities. of which rises in a great lake. but they were counter-changed or and azure. one called ESCARSE and the other ESTOCOL. . 1 After this I Sea 5 . 12. 14.

the time of King that this NORUEGA uninhabited. I of departed from GOTIA and ascended the lofty mountains NORUEGA which three great is a very strong kingdom containing They cities. Flanders. There I found three great CALMAN 3 and 2 cities. 4 Sonderkoping. another is called NIDROXIA 6 another .SWEDEN — NORWAY IO I I RODERIN the city of left passed to an island they German BISUY 1 Gulf. called the first ESTOCOL This city of SURDEPINCHE ESTOCOL faces the German Sea. and on The King I GOTLANDIA which call this island there the There is a smaller island called OXILIA. Stockholm. and. They say that a prince.) GOTLANDIA and went between SUEVIA and NORUEGA departed from is is of these islands has a flag of gold and purple (See Plate which in is a great city called is which there are ninety parishes. 9 The Knight of the Swan rescued Beatrice. 4 another . 8 Nidaros. and that the year makes months. from her oppressors. daughter of Thierry III of Cleves. and the island in well peopled. is And be it in known King of NORUEGA. another . The water of this gulf The gets frozen from the cold of the trasmontana. and another six months night. the largest REGIS 5 where call they crown the kings. 15. married her and founded a dynasty in But the Knight was not a Norwegian. bears. for a devices of this kingdom are a yellow flag with two red lions facing each other as for Suevia. A cores and falcones: also many fierce beasts. . to a province GOTIA. son of the conquered the country of Flanders Arthur of Britain 9 towards the north one day 1 for six Wisby. 7 . white Java/is and white 8 7 . Girifaltes. a great gulf on the shores of which there are many cities. IV. bars. 2 . people of this GOTIA conquered Spain and were the Lords of it The long time. H Tonsberg. 3 Calmar. Trondhjem. 5 Bergen. In the mountains of this TRONDE another TRUNBEREC NORUEGA they breed many birds. going on board a ship. .

.

PLATE BI^T 5 .

— SCOTLAND

BALTIC ISLES

and there are men who have their heads fixed on
breasts with no necks whatever, but

The King of

Noruega

this

gold with a black

lion.

2

we shaped

1
.

has for his device a flag-

(See Plate

departed from Noruega

I

their

did not see them

I

I

I

in

IV,

16.)

a ship of the English, and

a course to the west 3

,

and came to an island

INSOLA COLA then to one called LISTER 5 and then
we came to another called INSOLA BONDOLA", and then
4

called

,

another very large called

SALANDA which

is

of the Gulf of FRISA already mentioned.

SALANDA

7

entrance

at the

This island of

very populous and has three great

is

SALANDI RISENT ESCONDIN
King of this island has for his device
black lion, as in NORUEGA.
9

8

called

,

,

ALENDA

10
,

a flag

11
.

cities

The

gold with a

I left the island of SALANDA in the said ship and we
made a long voyage, arriving at another island called TILLE 12
and from thence we came to the island of ESCOCIA, and
found in it four cities, one called DONFRES 13 another
ENERUIC another VERUIC 15 The King 16 of this ESCOCIA

,

,

14

.

,

has for his device a red flag with three long lions of gold 17
(See Plate
1

.

V, 17.)

This belief

in

people without necks

mentioned by Pliny,

is

Solinus and others.
2

The King

of

Norway was then Magnus Smek (1319-74) who
His son Haakon married Margaret of
kingdoms were united under her in 1381. Magnus

married Blanche of Namur.

Denmark and the
Smek was also King
3

A

4

Oland.

A

mistake.
5

8

Listerby near Carlscrona.

Copenhagen.
12
Telemarken

13
16

Dumfries.

of Sweden.

west course would not take him to Oland.
(J

Ringsted.

in the

10

6

Bornholm.

Stor Hedding.

"

Zeeland.

n Lealand.

south of Norway.
14

Edinburgh.
Robert Bruce 1306

15

Berwick.

— 1329
David Bruce 1329 — 1371
Robert Stuart 1371 — 1390

17
He gives the arms of England for Scotland. He was there in
He may
the time of David Bruce who married an English princess.
have seen her arms on a flag in Scotland. C. R. M.

ENGLAND — IRELAND

12

departed from the land of ESCOCIA and came to the

I

Know

kingdom of INGLATERRA.
populated country and that

The

largest, where

that

it

they crown their King, is called

and another GUNSA where are the general
2

ANTONA
FORDA

3
,

6

Others BRISTOL,

cities.

LONDRES

1
,

studies, another

ARTAMUA PREMUA and MIRA5

4

,

In a province they call

.

a very well

is

contains eleven great

it

,

GALES

there

is

a great

city called

DIRGALES which

The King

of those lands has for his arms on a flag quarterly

in

two quarters

King

the

7

is

de lys gold on a

fleurs

I

left

v,

field azure,

because

field

gules three ounces gold.

18.)

INGLATERRA

IRLANDA which
that formerly

INGLATERRA.

of the house of France, and in the other two

quarters in each one on a

(See Plate

a lordship of

is

it

is

a boat and reached the island of

in

a short crossing of a mile.

was called IBERNIA.

Know that

They say
it is

a well

peopled island with a good climate, and that there are three
it.
The
ESTANFORDA
and DONBELIN

chief one, where they

great cities in

Kings,

ROIS 11
lake 13

,

8

is

the Others

,

12

,

In

.

crown the

VMERIA 9 GATAFORDA 10
,

this island

there

is

,

a great

and they say that the lake brings good fortune,

because

many enchantments were made on

its

banks

in

The King of this island has the same arms
the King of INGLATERRA.
Being in IRLANDA I sailed in a ship bound for Spain,

ancient times.
as

I
4

London.
Dartmouth.

7

8

II

Strangford.

Ros.

Windsor

'-'

6

3

?

Plymouth.

,!

Edward

— 1307
1307 — 1327
III 1327 — 1377

Richard

II

Edward

I

Edward

II

'•'

'-'

Southampton.
Milford.

1272

1377— 1399

Limerick.

"'

Waterford.

Dublin.

13
This lago afortunado is also so called in the Catalan
portulanos and in those of Valseca (1439), and Benincasa (1467).

NORTHERN

ISLES

I

and went with those on that ship on the high
long that we arrived at an

and

1

and another called CITILANT 3

another called ARTANIA'

2

and another called IBERNIA 4

,

All these islands are in the

.

month

part where the sun sets in the
all

sea, for so

ETERNS

called

island

3

of June, and they are

peopled, well supplied and with a good climate.

In

IBERNIA there are trees and the fruit that they
bear are very fat birds. These birds are very good eating

this island of

The men

whether boiled or roasted.

are

this island

in

They are born and
brought up in a way which makes them unable to die in
the island, so that when they become very weak they are
taken away and die presently.
In this island there are no

very long lived, some living 200 years.

snakes nor vipers, nor toads, nor

venomous

other

nor spiders, nor any

flies,

this ibernia there is an
DUBILIN 5 ,] and the women are
though very simple. It is a land where

[In

things.

archiepiscopal city called

very beautiful
there

is

much bread

not as

you may want, but a great

as

Know

abundance of meat and milk.

The King

outside the seven climates.

same
the King of noruega.
for his device the

After this
ship,

I

in the

Cape of

they

call

TARIFA.

— as

It

in

a

and arrived

I

at

went

I

Pontevedra

to a

town

in

mentioned before, which

was founded by a very powerful

town ALBUACEN, King of
the land of the west, was defeated and conquered by

the very noble
all

of this island has

with a black lion

Thence
as

Castille,

is

over the western sea that we

Finisterre,

Arab named TARIF.
all

far

province of Galicia.

kingdom of

the

— gold

departed from the island of ibernia

and voyaged so

sighted the

flag

that this island

1

Faroe

4

Iceland.

5

An

this

King Don Alfonso of

and

his tents,

Near

took his treasures, his
2

Isles.

An

Castille,

Orkneys.

error of a copyist.

interpolation

by a

copyist.

3

who

pillaged

women, and

Shetland

Isles.

his

The device of this King is a red flag with Arabic called the letters of gold such as (See Plate I v. the others VALENCIA. So that our Franciscan was there some years after 1340. adopted by Aragon when the heiress of that kingdom married the Barcelona Count. I found where the Kings are crowned. M. GRANADA. Should be ajjt queror but God. . by the Mediterranean and the kingdom there is a very this is of mountains lofty range SIERRA DE GRANADA which extends over the whole country as far as LORCA which is in the kingdom of Castille.) I of left Barcelona and went along the coast to the country AMPURIA and thence to the city of NARBONA which is The Lord it by the shore of the Mediterranean Sea.) departed from the kingdom of Granada and went to the kingdom of Aragon. TORTOSA and BARCELONA. " No con- 3 The arms of Barcelona. In kingdom there In this are three grandest. for his device nine pales gules and or 3 . and the Pyrenees. and 1 This was the battle of Salado where the King of Castille. of has a white flag with a red cross like that of TOLOSA. his bloody fingers down it. the This kingdom is bounded kingdom of Castille. 19. wiped Henceforward it was or jive pales ^ules. Wa il galib ill C. a very kingdom. being places in the dominions of the King of Castille.GRANADA 14 horses 1 departed from TARIFA and went to the city of I . 20. The shield was originally gold. C. France. zaragoza." 2 «^l wJU ^ 3. others MALAGA and ALMERIA. (See Plate V. M. is and well supplied rich five great cities in The it. The river EBRO runs through this kingdom. ALJEZIRA where is the rock of GIBRALTAR. Allah. TARRAGONA. chief one. R. It is bounded by Navarre. 1340. a very luxurious city of the kingdom of The cities. MAHOMAD prophet bore 2 their . but after a battle Raymond Berenger. Count of Barcelona. where they crown the Kings. Thence I went MALAGA to GRANADA. Alfonso XI. and the river SINCA. R. defeated Abu-1-hasan Ali King of Morocco on 28 Oct. The King has Castille.

.

PLATE 6 21 NARBONNE 21 (S) NARBONNE IN) #1 22 23 PISA 24 ROME GENOA (S) (S) (S) 24 ROME (N) .

city belonged to left I 1 and noble which city banks of the is RUEDANO river PROENCIA 2 and on the AVINON. 5 Nice. going thence by the sea coast to FRENIT 4 and thence to nista and passed by MONAGO 6 and BERENGAN 7 Then I ascended the mountains and down and SAONA to GENOUA. PADITA 12 panonia 13 pavia. 4 Frainet. NARBON and went to malagona. Plate VI. 3 Lyons.MONTPELIER — GENOA in — PISA I 5 like this (see Plate vr. 13 Parma.) Leaving Pisa came to Tuscany in which The Lord of it has for I city called Florence. Afterwards I went to MARSELLA which is the head of LA PROENCIA. » Bologna. It is proper to know of MEDIOLANENSIS 9 CLAiMONA 10 BOLONA the abode of philosophers. "> Cremona. 8 . Plate VI.) GENOUA and Lombardy where there are many great and rich cities. to PISA a land very fertile It has a flag (See gules. there is a his device a white flag with a red cross. the Pope. I with Lombardy and came left a temperate climate. Rome. a very rich city on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. where the in is . and with the word JUSTICIA. 12 Padua. . (See Court of resides the Near LECDUENA is 3 a city of the 5 . . s Savona. . « Bergamo. for this each quarter a sign Don Raymondo conde de Tolosa. '-' 6 15 The Apennines. 23. T Albenga. . it. Rome. The Lord of it has for his device a white flag with a red cross. 22. . I is went from Tuscany to the noble city of the head of the empire of the Tiber flows through 1 Montpelier. 21). and PLAZENCIA. King of France. 9 Milan. which Romans. and Cardinals. thence to MONPESLER where I passed over stagnant waters and Then I went to ARLE a rich crossed the river RUEDANO. burga 14 ravena I departed from entered 11 . . a rich city. Monaco. which A the Alps of rises in river called ALBERNIA 15 Provence.

pleasant land in which are the provinces of There are many CALABRIA. (See Plate VII. namely MECINA. I left Rome. 24. a very luxurious. two quarters argent with eagles the other two bars gules and House of Aragon. well supplied. parted per saltire. Above is a red slip which they call a label 13 . POLICASTRO. rich cities. and PULLA and 5 . falls into The the Sea of Pisa.) Terracina. . Girace. lG Trapani. a label gules. Rome TARACONA OSTIA. . 18 Patti. for he is of the House of France. It very luxurious and well is There are in it eight large cities. CARAGOCA 14 GIRENT1 15 TRAPANA This Sicily has a flag CAFALLU 17 PARI 18 and ELREY. STALEA 7 REZO 8 . 10 Cotrone. MONFRODOYE. ZCHIThe King of Naples has for his device a purple LAZO flag with gold fleurs de lys. . BARLETO. Tuscany. . half land.ROMP: 1 — NAPLES — SICILY and flows by the Sea of ANTON A 1 . sable. 3 Reggio. 1 . at the port of which flows through Tuscany to Florence and called Arno. 25-) I departed from Naples and went over to the island of a short passage. Sorrento. GIRAZO 9 COTRUN 10 TARANTO. 17 Cefalu. . went and arrived to the (See Plate VI. Round Rome. 1 4 7 (See Plate Ancona. 3 . for the King is VII. From these mountains of ALBERNIA comes another very great river entering the sea.) SANTA SEBRA. 26. PALERMO. BRENDIZO MONAPOLI. PESCARA. CATANIA. supplied. -. and are the 2 Rome devices of with a gold bar on which are flag Rome.enti. VAR. . lfi . de lys or. the principal ones being SURENTI 6 SALERNO.Squillace.6 Giry. Monte Dracone. . 24. a u Gaeta. of the . and the lands of the principality are between the Mediterranean Sea and the Gulf of Venice. Scalea. letters. and the patrimony. 13 Purpure seme'e de - 6 8 u or. . at Naples. 11 .) ROMANA and the principality. GAERA are a red (See Plate VI. fleurs 14 Syracuse. ENTRANTO. '. These are the arms of Rome. Apulia. Brindisi. cities that this city of Pisa. MONDRAGON other Know 4 . Sicily.

PLATE mm 25 NAPLES 25 NAPLES (S) 26 SICILY 27 VENICE (S) (N) (S) 28 ESCLAVONIA (S) 7 .

.

.

PLATE 8 32 MOREA (N) 33 MOREA (R) .

the red half near the hoist has a white star and the other half yellow. taking the by Naples. Venice has this for his flag like the lion of St — argent. 29. is (See Plates VII. 11 mountains are in its centre. B. went thence I . of the gulf. and the the same arms 1 Gerace. and arrived at a city they call SENA which is in ESCLAVONIA and another called JARA 6 The King of this ESCLAVONIA has for his device a yellow flag in halves. . Lombardy and the Sea of ANTON. K. a winged lion gules (See Plate VII. Raab. Catholic Christians. Mark. with a well peopled. One is called SAR 8 another RABA 9 another UR and another rabeza 10 All these rivers enter the kingdom of UNGRIA and unite with the great river Danube which rises in the Alps of Germany. 7 Bosnia. and to the east by ESCLAVONIA. side left 2 . and by the land of the patrimony.VENICE— DALMATIA Here in Sicily I went on board a galley and returned GIRAZO to the coast of Naples. u Bosnia. 4 Aquilea. The Lord of Venice. 5 Trieste.) same galley and coasted along the side of ESCLAVONIA passing by a city called AQUYLEA and another called TRIESA 5 Thence I went to PARENZO. 28 and VIII. at the is going thence to the end of the Gulf of to BRANDIZA Then. as Tributary of the Raab. 9 10 M. 3 Ancona. to ENTRANTO which city of 1 1 . Now this land of BOXINA marches with Germany and PANONIA and UNGRIA. and they are mountains well supplied land. and the In the kingdom of 7 . I departed from Venecia in the 4 . . 6 Zara. 27. 2 Brindisi. . . 8 Save. . I went by PESCARA. but they are not King of these mountains has those of the King of ESCLAVONIA.) ESCLAVONIA there is a very high mountain which is called BOXINA where four rivers rise. ANTONA 3 and ravena to the city of VENECIA which is It is bounded by at the head of the gulf on the sea.

CEUANA 13 CASOC SERVIA. 7 Sigretinez. have their of one called rise. Widdin. 14 . kingdom is Dalmatia. They call the first UNGRIA LA MAYOR whence the kingdom of UNGRIA took its name.) marches there a called city which. Bach Varasdin UNGRIA This kingdom of Eszeln marches Sebenico - In Dalmatia at the 9 II 12 15 in The mouth Dulcigno. the next BUDA. Mannersdorf. SALADINO. rivers that form these islands enter the great sea near a city called VECINA 12 of which I will write further on. The next they call JAURIN 7 great river . . flag of this Esclavonia. and parted . the next SERVIA. thence to NARENT The King 2 . Bahryvaevi MYRRIU. which flow into the DRANOYA 5 . . the next POSGA UNGRIA LA MENOR. BAGAMOS. the other PIRUS 6 kingdom of UNGRIA. of this land has for his device a flag quarterly purpure and argent. With this kingdom of ACERUVA marches the kingdom of BURGARIA and kingdom of DARAZE which are in the province the 4 In these mountains two very great rivers ESCLAVONIA. 4 Epirus or Drina. Biwor on the Danube. . Yaravin. I '•'• and Greece with Bolonia and Burgaria. FERRUN.BOSNIA 1 I — DALMATIA departed from BOXINA and went along the coast to SINBOCHON the city of JARA. 30. 13 Shonac. DRINAGO. falling into the Danube and forming in UNGRIA ten islands. 10 of the Narenta. BEAC. 14 Caschow. Know that in this UNGRIA there are many rich cities. STRUGONUM. With DULCECNO is NARENT this 3 and thence to 1 (See Plate VIII. and many others. to wit UNGRIA. 8 Sirenia. Durazzo. with the adjacent mountainous country very pleasant and well supplied. Posga between Save and Drave. . 6 Drave. BIUER 15 CASTRO. Germany. Comoru . the next 11 . the next FIRMIA 8 the next SIGNA MACESNO the next DRINAGO. All the 10 the next . JAURIN.

.

PLATE 36 TURQUIA 36 TURQUIA (S) 37 CORINCHO (S) (N) 36 TURQUIA 9 (R) .

31. 4 2 3 Nauplia. COLON.) the kingdom of Hungary and went I departed from along the coast to a city called DURAZO. 5 Alaya.) Rhodes and went the island of left I to the island of Candia. his device a flag with over I Constantinople. and others as called. greater sea my further on. 3 . 32 36. CORANTO 2 NEAPOLI MARBAXA. which and SATALIA of Greek call This (See Plates VIII. brother of St Louis. 2 — . There I took In it ship and proceeded to the island of the MOREA. there are seven great cities. and IX. to province of all The left.) it far as TURQUIA In it there would be hard to the greater sea. (See Plate vin. went along the coast of 5 is (See Plate IX. in ancient times. RODAS where there is a rich city called CRETA. well supplied of this province has this flag IX. of . from Charles of Anjou. the lesser Armenia. Corinth. I left the island of the MOREA and went to the island 1 . to enumerate. in the male line. to wit TRAREOZA. TURQUIA extends 35. for a device. with all known goods. 34. MUTAM. NATURI 4 city of Satalia seal. and thence to another island they which the Venetians conquered. upper half with 19 de lys of France because the fleurs King is of the House of France the lower half bars gules and argent.) this TURQUIA to a city they thence to another called ANTROCETA 1 Louis I of Hungary (1342-1382) came. are and be call the entrance to the This SATALIA the sign of Solomon's which was left and went to the city they Christians. for this Negropont The King of this SATALIA has for bars wavy argent and purpure and .HUNGARY per fess. a very rich land. are many lordships and provinces which it describe will I and Sinbichon. I that in all it is The King (See Plate CANDEBOR and call part of the the province of Asia Minor. island belongs to the order of St John. Anatolia. PATRAS.

? in the this this a small .) also another province called SAUASCO head of the kingdom five (See Plate X. And this TURQUIA CAPADOCIA. with I white crosses. . King Menelaus of Greece destroyed. in which there is 1 Kongos. and its device is a flag half call white. and within the mountains there country castles.) there is another province they call CUNIO 4 in which there is a rich city called CUNYO with much territory. left 5 anciently of that name which was the head of it is with a white flag having Armenia the SAUASTO This city of SAUASCO was the ancient cities. 40. In this 39. the other half yellow with a red square 3 (See Plate X. there are two cities in the parts of the one called CHONTAY 6 and them and entered Armenia the the other less. CIALIDIA. I TURQUIA less. FELICIA. 5 Sebastia or Siwas. with a red cross. Iconium. called the mountains of Armenia. which is surrounded by very high mountains. There is SAUASCO from all the (See Plate X.ASIA MINOR 20 and thence to CORINCHO many into provinces. a city SAMARIA. TROYA. in ancient times. FRIGIA where The King FILIA. though now SILIA all 7 . 1 . in you must know that anciently Armenia was called the island of COLCOS. 7 Cilicia. in is a plain which there are 360 towns and villages and On place where the shores of the Mediterranean Sea it ends.) red crosses. For Armenia an arm of the sea enters. 2 ' u Phrygia. five is divided is BOESCIA. PAN- of this land has a black flag (See Plate IX. GALA. Troy was the head of all that Asia Minor which they now call TURQUIA.) departed from this Corincho and went to the city they FERADELFIA or feradelfin 2 which marches on that of Troy which. 37. 3 See ante. ISAURIA. VITILIA. TURQUIO In this 38. and the King has a flag with bars wavy argent and gules.

(S> 40 SAUASCO 42 CYPRUS (S) (N) .PLATE 10 $ 38 CUNIO 40 SAUASCO 41 39 TURQUIA (S> 40 sauasco (S) ARMENIA THE LESS <S) (r.

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where the JORDAN flows was anciently called TIBERIA and afterwards SIRIA. LAISO.) they point a at point the call of arrived at ALIXANDRETA and thence antiocha a very noble city of Syria. LIBANO where rise two DAN. 6 Tarsus. 42. ESCALONA 9 . because he is of the (See Plate X. 8 . 7 Father of Alphonse Comte de Toulouse. father of Don Alfonso Emperor of Spain Thence I went to EBORUT and thence to the city of acre. 5 Seleucia Pieria. by the Friars of St John. 41. PALESTINA. Famagosta. The French took it when they conquered Syria. 6 7 . Chipre there are four great Lamiss . It flows through the centre of SURIA 1 In the Gulf of Alexandretta. which bewitched Jason the Within Armenia there are four great cities.CYPRUS island called PORTO BONEL 21 and here was the temple to 1 . Nycroxia 2 cities. which was held to 5 . 4 Hugh 2 Nicrosia. 3 of CHIPRE has for . I They say that in ancient times Thence went to the port of jafa where are I the pilgrims for Jerusalem. cities in high then went to CESARIA and to Know that it was called there are these many other towns and villages. not of Alphonso VII (Emperor) of 8 Beirout. and five The first is called the mountain of Syria and mountains. to one called JOR and the other This land form the JORDAN. de lys palewise. his design a flag parted per pale argent five crosses gules and purpure two fleurs House of France 4 I left chipre SANTANDER. It was SOLIN that was taken by Don Remondo Count of Tolosa. In ancient times it Thence I went to SOLIN and was called repeleta TORTOSA and the Syrian tripul. AIRSO and SUCIA. de Lusignon King of Cyprus. to wit CURQUO. the enchanted golden sheep. The King and Bafa. and they unite rivers. and . . 9 Ascalon. After this Armenia is the island CHIPRE and in this Greek. Castille. 3 Limasol.

thence to TEN EXE which is in EGYPTO. a white flag with red crosses. Know that in this is the city of iherusalem which was sanctified by the holy temple which Salamon built there. IX at Massura near Damietta 5 April 1250. and here was crowned MELT. 3 Louis 4 Cairo. flows LAIRAG 2 . Know that here the King of France was defeated and a prisoner when he went to make conquest beyond sea 3 On the banks of this river NILUS is situated the great city alcaira 4 where the Kings of EGIPTO are crowned. and two were affirm that in these SODOMA and called cities two lakes the in these river sinks under The mountains ground and does not appear again. 44. M .C NASCAR. the river The King (See Plate XI. came along the coast to a port which they call the port of LA risa. had the it is This land CANANEA after CAN name of judea after was taken by the conquests beyond seas. and was SURIA consecrated by the blood of IHESU CHRISTO. of IHERUSALEM was son of NOE.) it was called EXIA. ABRAREN and SEYR. Anciently I . C. two lakes there GOMORRA. R. and They the other the Sea of Galilee. are ERMON. These have no other authority. the Lord EGIPTO borders on SURIA. Know the French when they The that this province made device of this province like this 1 . GALAT.) SURIA marches with the land of JAFET and this JAFET borders on the very rich city of DAMASCO.22 SYRIA — EGYPT and forms two large lakes. thence to the port of DESCRION. and I took the road to the west and came to DAMIATA a noble city surrounded by the river NILUS. JUDA son anciently called Afterwards of JACO. (See Plate XI. The arms of Jerusalem are metal on metal potent or between four lesser crosses or. R. C. 43. M. Near EUFRATES and formerly this it was DAMASCO called has a yellow flag with a white moon. well supplied with all things. 1 2 : argent a cross crosses gules five Irak. one called the Dead Sea.

F-1AVE J* 43 JERSUALEM (S) 45 EGYPT (S) 44 DAMASCUS <S> 46 ALEXANDRIA (S) 11 .

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PLATE 48 49 TRIPUL TOLOMETA (S) (3) 49 TRIPUL 50 AFRICA (S) (R) 12 .

6 Bonandrea. The King has a device a white flag with a for yellow sash on a lance. He died 1341. Syrtis. Ripe Albi. 46. where the King has a yellow (See Plate to a city called flag with LUCHON 4 a white moon. 45.) ALCAIRA and went the coast where is the ALEXANDRIA which is noble and rich. 47. departed from the Gulf of SCIN and came to PUERTO 7 8 . 8 Zanara 9 The Great 7 in the Gulf of Svrtis. the device of this (See Plate who escaped from the first it kingdom was destruction of The RODA. 5 . XII.) From TOLOMETA I went to BREMCHON and to ZUNARA At ZUNARA the sea forms a great gulf called the Gulf of SCIN and on the borders of this ZUNARA are the clear mountains which the ancients called CARENA. The King of ALEXANDRIA has for his device a yellow flag and in this I left to city of 2 middle a black wheel in which a grey lion. (See Plate XII. is XI. 48. third . is a white flag with a blue moon. .) I departed from Alexandria and went by the coast to the port of RIBAS ALUAS 3 thence . 1 1 291. the second BABILONIA because called peopled by those BABILONIA. 4 2 3 5 Trabuch.EGYPT whom of the great Turks and in this ALCAIRA they 23 call the Soldan of EGIPTO 1 The there are four towns.) LUCHON I came to the city of TARABUC Thence I came to MON DE BARCAS and BONA ANDREA 6 which is in BERBERIA. 10 Montes Claros. Bengazi. the ancient Berenice. of which we I shall speak further on. and thence to TOLOMETA on the sea Leaving shore. ten this the (See Plate XI. 9 10 Al Melek Nasser son of Kelun Malek Almanzor succeeded in He was called Lord of the great Turks after he defeated the Mongols near Damascus in 1303. when we treat of the mainland. From ALEXANDRIA to the isle of ROXETO the distance is leagues all peopled with villages. the fourth LAJUZA. ALCAIRA. Rosetta. Lucha.

AFRICA a thence to Know rich city. his for a white flag with a purple moon.COAST OF BARBARY 24 MAGRO and 1 thence to TRIPUL of BERBERIA. that twenty-six AFRICA 6 there is a great tower called LIGEM and from this tower LIGEM to ALCAIRAHUAN there At this ALCAIRAHUAN the King of all are forty miles. ancient Cyniphus. King is white XII. . Thence I went to BONA 9 where St Augustine was Bishop. 9 The old for building name was Hippo. Kairwan. of island called of the river Magra. named ALBOHACEM. 1 Mouth 2 who used the ruins flourishing town. Aragon on his flag.) I went thence to (^ucia s and thence to tunez which is and is a great and rich city well supplied with the head of all BERBERIA. It was again destroyed by Okba. Gabes. 7 The defeat of Abu-1-hasan Ali near Kairwan by Ahmed. Montes Triplicana D'Huar-el-Jebel. one called MONT BARUARIA and the other The King of CERDENA has the bars After CERDENA there is another MONT ARBOLEA. 51. Africa towards the west. a descendant of the Almohades. . 3 Ras Majabes. for which reason the Catalans are at war with them. the Roman Hadrumetum. and all his tents were pillaged 7 The King of Africa has from miles this . G Almahadia 6 4 in Tunis. This TRIPUL is a rich city and the King of it has for device a white flag with a green palm tree and two red his (See Plate XII.) keys. went from TRIPUL to RAHASA 3 CAPIZ 4 and FAQUIZ 5 I and . 49.) to the island of CERDENA a great land in which there are two high mountains. It is called TRIPUL because it is bounded by the TRIPLICANA 2 mountains. device (See Plate XII. This is the latest date given by the Franciscan. CORCEGA. After this which is The (See Plate TUNEZ I went all flag of the things. was defeated. Vandals but restored by Justinian. taken because it was by the It has a white flag with a red cross Genoese. It is now again a . with a black moon. 50. Alfaques. took place in 1348. 8 El It was destroyed by the Sus.

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PLATE 51 52 TUNIS CONSTANTINA 53 BUGIA MAJORCA 55 (S) (8) 56 CEUTA 57 FEZ (S> (S) (S) (S) 54 BRISCHAN (S) 58 MOROCCO (S) 13 .

) ARGUER The King of went from BUGIA to I a sign like coast.d. 52. Probably in 1350 to The copy in the Madrid library must also have been written 1360. between CARENA called TREMECEN they the Mediterranean Sea and the mountains of the clear mountains. 6 Briskara. thence to BRISCHAN 6 a has a white flag with it XIII. 3 Collo.COAST OF BARBARY The King a rich city. and (See Plate Xili. M.) departed from BRISCHAN and went to the island of I MAYORCAS in which The King has there sable 7 . the in thence to kingdom of TREMECEN. C. 51. a proof that the Franciscan wrote before 1375. killed the King of TREMECEN I 1 town Know the west that in this named BEACOB 8 has for his device a flag. 8 Abu Yakub Yusuf Almansor. (See Plate this. Abu Yakub was murdered by a slave. It is a very strong and ancient city. ALGEZER.) I left CONSTANTINA and came to a city which is called ASBORA 2 thence to ALCOM 3 and GIGAR until I arrived at BUGIA.) BONA and went from departed I of — MAJORCA a flag parted per fess white of city river. and TENSSE. 311) which received his name. Constantine restored the (a. a noble. 5 Algiers. . It is black moon. TREMECEN and departed from . 5 . of Aragon. and well supplied for his device a flag with bars vert city. entered NUMEDIA as After the civil war with Maxentius. (See Plate xili. on the sea city 53. (See surrounded by a all is the to Plate xili. The King of white with a blue moon. R.) From MAYORCAS SERSEL which is turned to the coast and went to I MAGANGA and ORAN. 2 Estora. 7 The bars of the Kings of Majorca differed in colour from those This is In 1375 the King of Aragon annexed Majorca. contended with Abu Said King of Tremecen in 1307. The King 4 . 54. second of the Beni Merini Kings. 55. before 1375. has for his device a red flag with a yellow cross bow. 4 Gigeri. The and yellow. (See Plate CONSTANT1NA which 1 King has it 25 has a white flag with a XIII. is rich.

and AZAMOR and CAFI where a GOX 10 . MULUYA of river BEDIZ'2 until Know . M. it Consul of in the time Afterwards the Goths the sovereigns here 1 '-. The Beni Merini dynasty ruled at Fez from 1269 to 1550. 57. C. (See Plate was which XIII. 56. M.) anciently called COTAMANFEZ.MOROCCO 26 the as far MOCENA and cepta 3 . Strait of Gibraltar. Ceuta.) CEPTA and went to the noble city of FEZ where the Kings of the BENA MARIN always reside 4 There runs past it a river called FEXE which rises in the departed from I . R. Sabe. Mellila. (See Plate XIII. and went to MIQUVNEZ and to RIBATE 8 and then turned to TANJAR 9 on the sea coast. Tangiers. in 429.) ADMET a very ancient Pefion de Velez. 13 NIFE Know Claros). 5 Kings of the lineage of Beni Merin. CALE . After this I 3 7 I to MARRUECOS A . falls At FEZ and they have a departed I 5 their FEZ near a sea Kings are crowned and white 6 flag all from the western into . in 1072. The his device a red flag with a (See Plate departed and went to XIII. 58. and clear city called reside. Wadi Tensift. places of the King of Spain.J II A 12 The Vandals under mistake. and conquered Marakesh or Morocco was founded by Yusuf ibn Tashfin. C. confounding Marocco with Tunis. Rabat. rising in the clear that in this province is Thence mountains {Monies Scipio Africanus conquered of the sovereignty of the Romans. crossed the all Mauritania. 4 . arrived at the strong city of I cepta that opposite to ALGEZIRA and is The Gibraltar. R. the Almoravide dynasty. who were Lords of Spain were King of MARRUECOS has for 13 chess board black and white. ALCUDIA and thence to 1 gulf of the CEPTA passes between of this city has for his design a red flag with two white keys. Genseric. the very noble city of which used to be called CARTAGU the great 11 Rome named went I river enters the sea called first of . I0 8 Mequinez. who reigned 427 to 477. along the coast RAXY and CALE a city on the sea 7 coast where they bury their Kings. AZOCAQUE sea called the strait of The King and Gibraltar. mountains. then to ARZILA.

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PLATE 59 SUSIA 60 SULGUMENCA 61 62 BUDA 64 ORGANA (S) TOCORON <S) 63 GUINEA (S) 65 (S) 66 DONGOLA (S) (S) 64 (8) 14 TREMEQEN 66 ORGANA (N) (S) DONGOLA (N) .

1 Almutamed-ala-Illah. where he died in His wife was Itimad first called Romeykiyyah. I departed from CUCIA and entered GAZULA 5 a fine province surrounded by lofty mountains. makes 891 leagues and two thirds. month cold in summer. which with provisions and water. The King MYRAMAMOLIN escaped to these mountains when he was defeated by the marinis 2 Now CUCIA belongs to the lineage of the MIRAMAMOLYN. raised up a Moor named Almortada He and the Almohades fought a battle with the to be Miramamolin. and that it of December. ancient Getulia. Thence I went ports of the western sea. inhabitants never wanted to have a King. He was sent to the castle of Aghmat with his wife and sons. for there are not more supplied with everything. 59. It is well supplied length. the son of Abu Amru Abbed. and it is than two very perilous passes. and was dethroned by the Almoravides in 1091 and banished to Africa with his family. who was slain before Tremecen in 1248.) commence the clear mountains which the Christians call ATALANES and the ancient name was CARENA 4 They are 2665 miles in that with this CUCIA 3 . warm in winter. 1095. 5 Djezula. and were defeated.MOROCCO city in 27 which benaabit King of Seville and ROMAIQUIA MODOGOR are buried 1 . . 6 Samota. Then mountains of CUCIA LA-ALTA which is his wife CAFI and to to climbed the I country well a These mountains are very high a most dangerous land. The Miramamolin then fled to Sus. (See Plate XIV. and went to the sea coast where is the I to a port called Cape of NA on the western left GAZULA ZAMATANA sea. and the King has for his device a flag . 4 Atlas mountains. He succeeded as King of Seville in 1069. but they have a Judge and are very decent people. 2 knew 3 El Sus. He was at Beja in Algarve in 1040. Beni Merini at Mequinez. but is is a place where the sun sets in the and owing The to this it is Know very cold. as soon as they of the death of Abu-1-hasan Ali As-said the Miramamolin. this — white with a black Know lion. It is 6 a Nun His sepulchre was at Aghmat. and was born The descendants of the Almohades in Morocco.

oars. another J they There 8 ISLA DEL INFIERNO. uninhabited panfilo turned. to .AFRICAN COAST 28 desert land with bad cruel people I went along the always coast. nor village. another FORTE VENTURA. R. until arrived at I All the coast was uninhabited there Bin. and another call the row of 2 . the distance embarked of to the river which were called by lost islands GUYNOA Know that King found Moors and Jews. C. 4 e Graciosa. 6 Leho (lignum) wood. The Franciscan preceded all the old Portolani in his account of them. Port of Saubrun being neither city. M. another CUMERA. arrived at the land of the negroes. we arrived Then we came LANCAROTE and they gave it that name in a lefio 5 with some Moors and island which they to the island of DEL ORO From this stayed some time. at I BUYDER 2 where a cape they call call GRESA B . C. Boyador. Cape of San the who in a panfilo live x . 3 Senegal. on the shore. copyist. the I Cape of BUYDER from the is . Not in two of the texts. at the first Know land. all LA CARIDAD 4 first I . or Guimar in Tenerife. ^tra versing the uninhabited sandy beaches until near the this 370 miles. and went to see the I island. Same as Benimarin. another island called TENERIFE. TOLOMEO that from the 3 there are place the no is the islands of Cape of BUYDER to miles. another CANARIA. Roque del Este. R. a generic name for all vessels. 8 9 Mistake of the . UEGIMAR' I went 1 A is another ALEGRANCA. another galley used in the middle ages in the Mediterranean with one and usually two masts. Spaniards and Genoese frequented them long before the Portuguese. The Atlantic Islands were known as the Is/as Perdidas or de la Caridad the Kalidat of the Arab geographers. went to another island called bezimarin 7 and Thence I another RACHAN . badly copied. M. Moors. because the inhabitants killed a Genoese of that name. 7 Vachi-marini Isla de los Lobos. town. I went along the coast for a very great distance. There sea.

ATLANTIC ISLES FERRO. . On in Gran Canaria. COLUMBARIA 4 . 10 13 El Drau : near the pass over the Atlas to El Sus. and went by the ZAHARA with some Moors who were taking gold to the King of Guinea on camels. 3 Terceira. manner. and then went to SULGUMENCA 12 a rich city in the zahara. so that 5 another .) departed from SULGUMENCA and went six days DE DARA 13 journey. R. . over an inhabited country to the RIO The country is . another another PUERTO SANTO. well peopled and supplied with provisions. 4 5 Corvo of the Azores. Andres Bianca and Benincasa the portolani of is Lecname. M. a place 2 Madeira. near a river which comes from the clear mountains. another CUERVO marines. Edrisi mentions it. . Sekiet G 7 8 el Homre. DESIERTA. The King of it has for his device a white flag with the root of a green palm tree. now Tafilet. another CABRAS. 11 . another aragania 29 another SALVAJE. and joined some others who came to ALGARVE. 1 . 1 Aragones. C. until we reached MASCAROTE 10 a town of the BENAMARIN King which is at the foot of the mountains of CUCIA There I stayed for some time. in this returned to the I 7 8 . Fayal on portolano of Benincasa. another LECxMANE 2 . Cape of BUYDER whence I had started. Cequia el Hamara.. The ancient town of Segelmessa is a ruin. Mascarota at the foot of the Atlas. 60. We came to some very great and high mountains in the middle of the ZAHARA which they call zichialhamera and afterwards we travelled a very great distance over the zahara called INFURENT 9 until we came to another mountain Here I parted from those Moors. . 12 Segelmessa of Leo A. another BRASIL 3 another . I (See Plate XIV. C. another LOBO. R. altogether there are 25 islands. u Sus. Tafilet is not mentioned earlier than the sixteenth century. CONEJOS 6 another VENTURA another SAN JORGE. Zefran. M. Rico of the Azores. I went with them. over the ZAHARA. 9 Oasis.

65 days journey in there is contains seven mountains* well peopled. CRIMA. that the city this city of founded moon. Buda. It and land yielding Atlas.) middle. Thence I went to TIBALBERT the middle. to this place. The name Guinea properly belongs to Senegal.) of the 1 . It is also on the map of Juan de la Cosa. also 2 . and thence to to MESCA.) Afterwards I departed from BUDA and went.SAHARA OASES — GUINEA 30 left the RIO DE DARA ZAHARA and I went with some Moors who were going to GUYNOA. thence to BUDA. 1 Tibelbelt of Leo Africanus. say. to another mountain called there is same name. 62. with his treasure. thence to another mountain called SIDAN. a city on some very high mountains. which GUYNOA and under the King of is a well supplied city. and 40 is Of GUYNOA wide. 3 The Region or Promontory of seven mountains is on the map Pizigani (1367) and on that of Fra Mauro (1457) on the coast 2 Guinea. Its flag is white with a red (See Plate XIV. The inhabitants are negroes and the King of TOCORON has for his device MAGUER in the is I a white flag with a black mountain King of GUYNOA. like that in (See Plate xiv. of of . and the people wanted So he fled. on the top of a mountain. with them over the ZAHARA until we arrived at TOCORON which is a city among some mountains. Peschel. It is kingdom where they crown the Kings. a rich well supplied city of the the head of the And King the mountain of in the GUYNOA has a gold flag with a black (See Plate XIV. and to kill him. this river ends the river of and very long and along It desert and inhabited. 63. Know was peopled by a King of TREMECEN. GANAHE and went I left ZAHARA. by the GANAHE in which ZAHARA. For he was bad and did evil things. another a rich city city in the by which a river Know that in GUYNOA which is very wide which there are many lands both flows which rises in the clear mountains. 61. south of the much to length.

3 Tremecen. others SAPLOYA. and dig out much earth.CENTRAL AFRICA 3 abundantly as long as there are mountains. M. but it has six mounts (oases) inhabited by negroes. it many TIMER because here the people on the river banks collect much gold we cannot give the quantity but there is much. all dead ZAHARA. and there they collect the ivory teeth. on Telensin extended along the Barbary coast between Melilla and Bugia. has for his device a white flag with a green palm tree and two keys. They kingdom on the upper Senegal. The name is compounded of two words Tillimn and syn which means "uniting two. Western Nile or Niger. others CATIFI EL QUIBIR. Two ranges of mountains extend to the RIO DEL ORO. and on another side with the RIO DEL ORO which they call NILO And further out. Some call it ALMENA. others ALBERTARA. This kingdom marches with the kingdom of ORGANA in which also there is much desert. elsewhere it I is ZAHARA. others MERMA. where is the head of the first mountain is called kingdom where the King TAMAR is ORGAN crowned. in all 1 2 . ZAHARA the there are three very high mountains." that is the Sahara 1 2 . 64. The King of ORGANA The second palm trees. is called The third is because there are in called . The King of this kingdom of TAUSER is always at war with the Moorish Arabs who live in the zahara. and the gold in the ant hills which the ants make on the river banks. TAUSER and travelled for a very long with a black mountain. He has for his device a flag of yellow King of GUYNOA. The first is where the King on to always the resides. R. Tremizen. until call TREMECIN 3 which A I arrived at the kingdom they borders on the river NILUS. C. which The are very populous. like the I departed from distance on camels. The ants are as big as cats. and where he is crowned. (See Plate XIV.) departed from the kingdom of I ORGANA and passed kingdom of TAUSER which also consists of extensive deserts.

M. the the kingdom of GUYNOA. C. left ALCAARA and went to DAMIETA. and were given facilities for traffic up the they did good service to the Sultans in several ways. Thence I went to another kingdom called DONGOLA marching with the deserts of EGIPTO. that these inhabitants of this kingdom of TREMECEN peopled it from BERBERIA. The Beni Zeian dynasty of Tremecen ruled from 1283 to 1554.DONGOLA 32 always at war with the Christians of NUBIA and live ETIOPIA. of Dongola has for his device a white flag with a cross like this.en. 66. OADAC. The river forms two courses. 1348 the Beni Zeian threw off the yoke of the Beni Merini. but they are negroes. Sultans of Egypt In return Nile.H. 1 2 The Niger and Senegal confused together. The King has for his device a purple flag with a white moon. the greater. kingdom five large places in- are TR1MISIN. the first of the independent Kings. (See Plate XIV. • . of I DONGOLA joined with I found Christians. There are habited by in this They negroes. and founded the Beni Zeian dynasty There were frequent wars with the Beni Merini of Fez. and with The land has a very hot climate. In (1285). Abu Yahia Yaghromonisen. Between these two branches of the river is the kingdom of DONGOLA. many The King It is a rich fruit trees. I sailed in that and the Telt. at Mediterranean Sea deserts of EGIPTO and enters the DAMIATA.) In this kingdom Genoese merchants 2 . a country well peopled with Christians from NUBIA. called the RIO 1 . them and we took the road to the river NILUS travelling sixty days journey over the deserts of EGIPTO until ALCAARA which is we the head of the arrived at the city of kingdom of EGIPTO where they crown their Kings as I have already related. land and very well supplied. flowing to the DEL ORO On its banks is The other part flows through westward. MAN OLA. and the river NILUS. The Genoese had a commercial treaty with the from 1290. and in 1389 Abu Tashfin became King of Tremec. R. where I found a I ship of Christians and went on board. Know ORZIA and PALOLA. began to reign in 633 A.

Pliny and Marino Sanudo (1321) Nil Gana of Arab geographers Palolus of the Pizigani map Rio de Oro 2 . time as go to profits. . _p_aj^idise. It is by many people. and came to the RIO DEL ORO 2 already mentioned. which is a branch of the NILUS rising in the lofty of the Antarctic Pole. K. is mountains the_t errestriaj__ whole land of NUBIA and two one flowing through EGIPTO to DAMIATA. so we to some for pleasant. and island inhabited GROPIS 3 . .— AFRICAN EGYPT ship until COAST TO RIO DEL ORO disembarked at CEPTA I 1 33 already mentioned. device is We a white flag with the figure of his left course towards the southern sea until island idol. B. Capes an uninhabited all Cap de Saubrun coast. the other larger branch divides flowing westward branches. always keeping in sight of leaving behind us the ISLAS PERDIDAS. traverses It and ETIOPIA the is it said. and called the to We RIO DEL ORO. of the Bissagots. The King's idolaters. said is it Then some Moors armed a galley DEL ORO. of the Majorca Portolano 3 One M. 4 Cherbor. and wondered much at us and our language. the RIO to remained there I left GAZULA in Always that galley. They the coast. where. the occidental sea. the island of GROPIS and shaped an eastern called we found another This island quible 4 QUIBLE. The merchants who armed the galley made much profit. then crossed the clear mountains to GAZULA. into went on after leaving this river for a very long distance. The Niger of Ptolemy. but the people are Galpis They took us all before their King. came to an call this island a well supplied island. for there they make great went with them on account of something they I me. ? 1 . is the in Caable 1 Ceuta. and customs. and went thence by land to MARRUECOS again. keeping along the shores of the western sea we passed NU and SANT BIN and BUYDER. — the Senegal.

I remained ALBOCH with some time. keeping along the coast. called We 1 . mountains in this land. a very high mountain and found it a river 2 it We peopled by negroes. Others LIRRY. in the world. inhabited and came ALBOCH by many people. and went to another called GOTONIE 3 conThey say there are sisting of some very high mountains. world. This Rio del Oro is the Senegal. departed from for no others so high in the Mountains of the Moon. on the left it in sight of went there There from rises which becomes very large and flows through a Here the galley turned back. Be it known that this land we hot. But it has extensive lands bounded by the RIO DEL ORO. middle of it there is a large island called PALOLA inhabited Pallego by negroes. and five rivers flow from which are the biggest in the world.SIERRA LEONE 34 southern sea and is right hand. that this except these in mounts. ELMOLAC. but most of the land is uninhabited. They are called the Others give them the name of them the Mountains of Gold. and fine country. Know kingdom of GOTONYE is not very populous. BURGA. the largest being the Mount of ORO. owing to There are six the intense heat and it is all dead sand. and a gulf which So that enters for fifteen days journey from the ocean. Leone? Soudan and Senegambia. Afterwards I some people and went to another mount called LIRRY. Its largest kingdoms device of the is one it is some yellow sashes on a spear. the ocean. They all fall into the RIO DEL ORO 4 and they form a lake so large that it is twenty days journey in length and ten in width. A river rises from it called ENALCO. is 2 The Kamaranka. but 1 3 4 it abounds in many are describing delights. In the . Sierra very and there are many ' . I left this kingdom called LIRRY. ELBAHAC. the Canega of Azurara. ALBOCH.

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PLATE 67 GROPIS 69 AMENUAN 68 GROPIS (S) 70 (S> GRACIONA 15 (N) (S> * 71 PRESTER JOHN (8) 71 PRESTER JOHN (N) 71 PRESTER JOHN (r) .

I came to a great the head of the empire of Servant of the Cross. departed from this I kingdom of GOTONIE and arrived at a gulf connected with the sea. gold in reason On the banks of this river they collect the ant hills and collect the ambergris. one entering the middle of the kingdom of amenuan and the other branches flowing round the whole kingdom. The kingdom contains eight great cities. The King has a white flag with an idol. and he defends preste juan who is Patriarch of Nubia Miniana and Amina. M. but the Franciscan shows. that he was quite aware that this was not the Mesopotamian Euphrates." The defender of the church of Nubia and Ethiopia. — ETHIOPIA 35 NILUS they breed the the banks of this river great beasts yielding ivory. and in the gulf there were three islands. where they say that the terrestrial paradise This river eufrates forms three branches. . but the people are heathens and believe in idols. C.RIO DEL ORO On camels. the width. being crossed this great river I first two days journey. BENATEO. VNDA. 1 2 Nile. called ZANON. 67. further on. AZEUEAN and MALICUN. COLOGANE. GORAN. and for this country the is very rich. and from here the merchants bring the teeth. (See Plate XV. GAONA and CANBEN.) kingdom of EMENUAN there In this eufrates which 2 the river rises enters a branch of the lofty mountains in of the Antarctic Pole. regions north of the Kong mountains. in I some places. ASCIDA. R. As the terrestrial paradise was to be in Africa there must also be a Euphrates. good. where the King always resides and is crowned. called amenuan. is. 69. He assumes two rivers with the same name. 68. I crossed this gulf until I came to a great city called AMEN u AN It is a very great and populous kingdom with a land supplying all that is 1 . made banks which are very populous 3 its city called GRACIONA which ABDESELIB a word meaning ABDESELIB is is " When a long journey along . 3 This was really the Benue.

This is a well peopled and well supplied his From the time I came things 3 every day. was never known what became of which escaped. . 2 the other galley has for his device a white flag with a black cross like this. according to Graverg de Hemso {Ann. two galleys set out from Genoa commanded by Vadino and Guido de One of them reached a city of Ethiopia Vivaldo. called Menam where the crew was imprisoned and none ever returned. AMENUAN. and excellent water of that which comes from the Antarctic Pole where. 2 Chad — — 3 Desquelles nous ne faisons nulle mention. semblait au lisant estre mensonges. and at coming he always goes along the banks of the eufrates. and wise men told me that it consisted of mountains so high that they came near to the circuit of No man has been able to see it all. He is the Patriarch of Nubia and Etiopia. it is said. for the empire had names which I could cities of not obtain. (See Plate XV. for of the moon. to go to India. men still fire in recognition of But although these men are negroes.6 and Abyssinia. Espada suggests Abd-el-Djelil the possibility of this being the Abdelselib of the Franciscan. and many lands and through many cities arriving of malsa where the PRESTE IOHAN always travelled over at the city Melee resides. they are of intelligence with good brains. and they have understanding and knowledge.). The Emperor abdeselib galley was wrecked at were brought here 1 It . pour doute que ce ne Bontier. In 1 281. and who were saved. and rules over very great lands and many of Christians. But they are negroes as to their skins cities and burn the sign of the cross with baptism.) I this departed from the city of GRACIONA. who conquered Bornu in 1385. Their land is well supplied with all good things. 1 Barth mentions a negro potentate east of Lake Abd-el-Selib. is the They told me that the Genoese whose earthly paradise. I to MALSA I river land. saw and heard marvellous enquired what the terrestrial paradise was like. di Geog.PRESTER JOHN 1. 70.

and also several marvellous things. The Greeks ORTODOXIS. r> Dante Nubia and Ethiopia also places paradise in the far south. - Euphrates. The device of PRESTE IOHAN is a white flag with a black cross having two crooks one on call this place . 2 . make 4 men who live near it are deaf. 4 Pison. and others that they saw They say that when the sun it the west. GION and FICXION 3 . can never decay nor me many other secrets of the stars and magical minerals. is there This is because half those mountains are over the horizon. They told both as regards judgments concerning herbs. but an equable temperature. All things. (See Plate XV.PRESTER JOHN 37 twenty men who went. nor hot nor dry.) For in 1 Hiddelnell. Inferno. them TIGRIS call These four 1 . Nubia these rivers can be heard at a distance of it All the EUFRATES rivers irrigate all The waters which descend by and Etiopia. not more than three ever saw and that they had never heard ascended the mountains. each side. man who had men who say that of any There are from the east. 71. from the water of those seas come four rivers which are the They largest in the world. I saw die. they saw it. plants. They is in further told mountains were surrounded by very deep Capricorn they me that these and that seas. canto xxxiv. In all day and night time the sun either on those mountains in one side or the other. and virtues. whether animal or vegetable. so that. on the top of the mountains. tell is from it Gemini they in south see to the south. so great a noise that two days journey. and the other half are over the horizon. and the Latins PARAISO TERRENAL 5 because there is always a good temperature. nor moist. and the Jews GANHEDEN. . and cannot hear each other owing to the great noise of the waters. it see from the it and when the sun east. it is never either cold nor dark. 3 Gihon.

already mentioned. towns. me told went in They SOR LEONIS wanted to in they called SOR LEONIS. On another side it is bounded by a gulf of the Sea of JUDEA which enters into that paradise. the crew of one galley was captured. In 291 two galleys of Teodosio Doria and Ugolino de Vivaldo reached Amenuan on the Guinea coast. lands desert and lands inhabited. R. the residence of PRESTE IOHAN and took an eastern route. great empire in which there are many cities. and many other towns. SARMA. M. and a populous land of Nubian Christians. GLAOC. castles. This go on to the empire of GRACIONA search of his father. insomuch that whole face of the earth. by Vadino and Guido de Vivaldo. one being Emperor of GRACIONA there are and the other Emperor of magdasor. 1 . but the Emperor of MAGDASOR would not consent. it embraces a fourth part of the The Emperor of a device a white flag with a black cross. because the way was doubtful and the Know that in this land of Nubia and road dangerous 2 . VYMA. MORANIA. departed from the empire of I eastward along the GION. one the land forty days journey. ARAOC. I departed from the city of MALSA. Abyssinia there are 154 regions. GABENCOLIC. this river 1 GION divides The Franciscan was C. come from the deep seas encircling the terrestrial GION the other PISON. the On into first MAGDASOR has for (See Plate XV. 2 Itinerario de Sorleone (Antoniotto da Nolla) contains a passage Two galleys commanded relating to the Genoese expedition of 1281. 1 .) MAGDASOR and went the frontier of this empire two arms. MAGDASOR they who In this city of whom of a Genoese who came treated in two galeasses him honourably. on the coast of Guinea.RIVERS OF PARADISE 38 two emperors. At Menam. search of his father. 73. OCA. one going to locate Prester John to the in Abyssinia. This empire of MAGDASOR is all surrounded by two of the rivers villages. Twice I crossed the river GION and It is a very finally reached a great city called MAGDASOR. crossing the river NILLO and finding many cities called AMOC.

Red Sea three are It lies to a gulf of the days journey. Know that this Red Sea is along the shores of ARABIA and CALDEA. villages. and the goods are taken by land on camels. 16 iMecca. towns. 13 Hadramant. ° 8 coast. and a ship then enters the Red Sea and discharges its cargo at a city they On the call SACAM 3 belonging to the King of caldea. 7 Mader. 4 Possibly a corruption of Abyssinia. I branch left this I went along this branch for a very long distance. Ras Quipal. was famous. until I came Sea of India which enters into the land In gulf this zinzibar there very large ALCUBIL and ADEN which 2 1 . 4 was anciently the head of the kingdom. . Aden and pay a tithe of their merchandize because between the island Aden and the point of Aden there is a rich city. meeting with people of many it and with strange manners and customs which beliefs would take long to describe. and here the begins. Kidan. . Here they dis- charge for EGIPTO and DAMASCO. On its shores are many cities and lordships. M. R. Arabian coast. Otra Lidebo or Aidab. 11 Suakin. Arabian coast. Then there is a very narrow place to pass. Ezion Geber. and penetrates the land westward forty On its shores are many cities. extending by the desert of I EGIPTO.RED SEA 39 south and reaching the Sea of India. fifty is called islands the largest and against Arabia. the bottom consists of red ochre. which 1 An makes the water error of the copyist for Acibar or the aloe for which Socotra C. 5 Koseir. 33 . — CHOS MADE AXIONGEBEL^GIDE^SERAYN™ SACAN^YUDE^ADROMAR This Red Sea is so called because rasaquipiz MECA will give the principal ones 3 . 10 12 14 Suakin. Sirain. and took the one to the right hand. the most populous. African 9 Zidda. . 3 2 Peninsula. shore of this Red Sea there is a city called ALBACIO which . 14 15 . and When the ships come from India they arrive at days journey. (TRA)LIDEBO 7 ri .

the province of BALDAQUE and the other went to ALCAARA DE BAUILONIA in the Egyptian ALCAARA. I crossed an arm of the EUFRATES and entered the province of BALDAQUE in which there is a and NABUCODOgreat city which they call BANDACHO 4 NUSOR was King of these provinces. but the Jews call . - :i Shinar. Lord of I left MESOPOTANIA ARMENIA the greater. that in this province which the giants One 1 the other EUFRATES. Bagdad. in 1258. This may be Holagou Khan. From many by the two great Know cities Cur Red Sea is a NINIUE that this region and rivers called the borders of the villages. and EUFRATES and to the shores of is a mistake for Tigris. Indian Sea rivers reach the the Black Sea This Caldea Sea. who 1 Taurus. contains very extensive lands. in which the Emperor MERLINUS TARTARUS. Presently I CALDEA which entered surrounded by two very all is great rivers. where the river CUR 3 the .MESOPOTAMIA 40 By red. rising in the mountains of CUR and 2 called they call Know land. of which the Lord was NABUCODONUSOR. populous. CUR in took Bagdad Tigris. 4 6 which island there the site of the city of for its sins. is . : 5 . is is it in the gulf the Persian and well supplied a rich. The people of this BAUILONIA were One peopled BANDACHA. I departed from BANDACHO and went to MESOPOTANIA. great city. a noble city in in two divisions. forms a great island called ANSERA. TORO the Tower of Babel built in the centre of a great plain called AGRO de SENABAR and here was the great city of BAUILONIA which is now destroyed. Beyond this river which was destroyed is encircled is all 6 . but not the one of Both these Nubia. grandson of Genghis Khan. . this sea the Jews passed when they went forth from the Egyptian captivity of FARAON the King. was crowned and went to a city they call MONTFALCON. where now resides the SOLDAN of EGIPTO.

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PLATE 72 73 MECCA (8) SOCOTRA 74- DELHI 76 CHINA (8) <S> 79 75 JAVA (8) (8) SARA (S> 16 .

mouth of the Persian Gulf also called In this gulf they collect the ambergris. - Medina. 6 Suto " ? The other with another great city of the of Mecca. air. Kishm. I in the in is Thence born. and arriving at the city of AL MEDINA where mahomat was 2 MECHAN where 3 an iron chest and reason it Know that this Arabs.) gold. HORMIXIO Know that 8 . crossed the river I CUR. is in it under the rule of the King of Arabia.) the island of SICOCRA and came to another island ENRRO at the letters. one of them called AQUISIO island is called same name. 4 remained there some time and then went on board a ship and passed a very large and well peopled island SICOCRA 5 There . This island of ENRRO" belongs to the King of Arabia. 7 . It has (See Plate XVI. to traversing a great extent of land. the law and testament of is until arrived at a very large I fadal on the shores of the Sea of India.ARABIA the Persian Gulf as far as lordship. came to two other islands. departed from the island of ANSERA. and AQUYS10 we cannot give 1 CALDEA and BALDAQUE because devices 41 it is all are different one in all one region. a red flag with Arabic I left called called a large city also called SICOCRA. the Black Sea. MEGHAN device Its went to I mahomat Arabic letters in travelled over the kingdom and rich it (See Plate XVI. 73. and made a very long journey came until I Arabia. 72. MECHA and departed from ARABIA onwards city they call I For a house of calamita stone. We continued our voyage and. We went up the gulf against the north wind and we found the water of the sea to be as red as blood. of is the head of the empire of the a red flag and on is in this neither ascending nor descending. 3 6 Socotra. This same island the ships touch coming from India laden with spices. ? . with a city of the same name. the empire 1 Kishm. Persia extends 4 Fartak s Ormuz.

NONCLA and CHEQUIMO. well supplied with 5 is on the other coast of the Indian Sea. ARMONEA. R. MAHOBAR. of which this ginger and aloe there are great harvests which are taken over They the people is . It contains extensive lands. In this this 1 2 :t Arabia Sabea? Places on the Arabian side of the Persian Gulf. wise people with good memories. 74. ? or Narsinga. 3 very rich and populous. and PASCAR. thence to egepta and CABAT 8 also 1 . but they are inhabited by TARTAROS. C. Beyond kingdom there is an island in the Indian Sea called SAGELA 6 in which there is a great and rich city. COXIMOCHA. MONCASPI. all province India the sandy 4 and the colour of call this device of the King is They in all are a kinds a white flag (See Plate XVI. a people without law who do not keep a single So I departed from sabba and returned to the city of HORMICHIO where I stayed for some time. R. 5 Bijaya-nagar (i Ceylon. one of God's commandments. GRANBAET. M. DEMONELA. GOMAR and COLON. TUSI.) departed from the kingdom of DILINI and entered that of VIGUY which It is a very rich land. and arrived at a kingdom of DELINI belonging to the Kings of India. all good things. I then travelled with some merchants for a very great distance. CORSA. C. 4 Delhi. Sind and Rajputana. I left this gulf and entered the province of SABBA where they gather incense. GANARRAC. use Turkish bows. called Know that in kingdom of LIN I the pepper and ripen. They black. ARTILLO. I the world. The cities which I visited in the kingdom of VIGUY were PANONA. The with a gold pale. great and well supplied cities. ANDROUAR. . and many other spices. and learned of knowledge. FRAMISIA. — INDIA and the lordship of the great BENACAYT. M.PERSIAN GULF 42 as far as these two cities. arriving at a great city called golfathan. The cities I came to were nine. RUSNA.

Burma? its of the empire of kingdom. The name Taprobana though in the C. and 2 . others smaller. silver and other metals and very large rubies come. 2 Sumatra. The King has griffins for his device a Afterwards I But much pepper and many white flag with a gold wand. Pole there by the it the sun the world up to all as far as the Antarctic is on the tropic of Capricorn. OXANAP which 1 the other and the great cockatrices. POUANA that in the islands of JAVA and TRA- there are 45 extensive regions. it is learned. is a branch which joins to the great is say that Wise men say that the western sea.EASTERN ARCHIPELAGO whence island there are workings 43 gold. TRAPOUANA marching The many waters learned call this with the island of JAVA. metals and for a mountain is here they extract very large emeralds. kingdom there where there In this a great city is In this mountain there are other workings called BAXAJA. :! shore there is I M. and it is the passed thence to the kingdom on the shore of the Indian Sea. is call the a great city ARMELEC. said. passed over a gulf of the Indian Sea which they called in originally given It to middle ages to be applied more frequently to . R. inhabited parts they gather Here are the great spices. Ceylon. but by the great are black people burnt it is land where there are coming from the Antarctic land covers a great land forming a tenth part of the whole When earth. that this Indian Sea 1 Pole. marches with the empire of ARMALEC This kingdom Some eastern sea. who heat of the sun. Know with the kingdom of LINJ and with the Indian Sea. came Sumatra. . to pass over the heads of the people of the Antipodes. departed from the kingdom of VIGUY and Gulf of BENGALA because on BENGALA capital of the of 3 Bengal. extending to the westward along an arm of the great sea which surrounds the whole earth and of which the Indian Sea is Know part. the greater part desolate owing to the great heat of the sun.

The first where they crown the Kings is BYABALEC one of the grandest cities in the world. it is green : OXANAP and OXANAP has for his an arm of the Indian Sea between this is The King island of JAVA. This XALOAC borders on the confines of the empire of Along the shores of OXANAP the sea CATAYO. because the country. SORFAXA and XALOAC 1 . and they adore the Emperor of Cathay. The device of this empire I is a white flag with a gold pale. This empire marches with the kingdoms of LINI and viguv. It is The a very hot land. . At last ? 6 travelled I all arrived the inin the 3 Bengal ? 7 Rubies. went on board some merchants. forty days journey in length. but no habitants live 1 Sarua 4 Cambalec. because the people live in the country.EASTERN ARCHIPELAGO 44 has four cities. whose image they have on On leaving JAVA I their flags. all pepper and odoriferous gums.) departed from the kingdom of Oxanap. 74. others almodasi. CORTOMAR. peopled country nor towns. NORANDA and rafania. - Burma 6 Urga. Peking. 5 is . Another ORGA another BALAXIA 6 where there is a mine for extracting balaxes 7 another MENOAR. people are black. . and the Gulf of bengala and the empire of CATAYO. a very great island in a ship with until Sea. and sailed over the green sea we came to the island of JAVA. The island is very populous. the of device a white flag with a pale of gold. another manbrot. LACERIA. in in cities Pegu. the Indian In this They call one kingdom MOGOLES. I (See Plate XVI. The cities which I 3 visited are these. but there are no cities island there are three very great regions. departed from the empire of by land ARMALEC and for a very great distance over a well with flocks. MOROA. another JAUALES. returned to the kingdom of OXANAP 2 and took the way to the kingdom of ARMALEC which has extensive provinces and many cities. and gather spices. Badakshan. 4 .

There are curious legends about Gog and Magog on the of the Huns. This empire is irrigated by three great rivers which rise in the MONTES CASPIOS. 2 CAN. with an imperial crown on his head. C. Bianca (1436) has it that Alexander imprisoned the Jews in their land. j6. and are led off into many parts. Altai. marches with the It ARMALEC to the west. . DARDASAN. which The cities of CATAYO which I knew encircle TARTARIA. BOCARDA. the middle an emperor His device is a gold flag and in seated. The Arab geographers moved it to Marco Polo identified their country with that the far east and north. in white cloths. the Then CASPIOS. and to the east- no news of any lands. in the other a golden apple. They call the largest of these rivers near the castle of encircled sea 3 . sea of the east ward there is western sea. empire of 1 GODIANA. only waters as in the Know that catayo is the end of the face of the earth in the line of Spain. TORDAOR. one from COSTANTINOPLA. LONGAUISA. FACOLISIA. and by the Iron Gate MONTES passing through to the ARMENIA Sea of SARA 6 .CHINA empire of CATAYO where all 45 the cities are on the shores of the eastern sea. R. (See Plate XVI. thence to the land . mountains of Central Asia. and greater. ASCANIA. including Himamountains of Mazanderan and Caucasus. 6 Caspian. in one hand a Turkish bow. with the MONTES CASPIOS to the north. M. 5 of the REY DAVID. 1 layas. Lord of the East. crossing the greater sea 4 and by the Sea of LENTANA to the land of AUEGAZIA. 75. MORROSIA. which This river is MAGOT for rises it one of the gates of MAGOT enters the green They The this Emperor GOSMAN imperator MORROY. MAGODIANA. is full This of reefs and islands. with the eastern sea to the east. 5 Sea of Azof. Black Sea. which joins with the Sea of India. old portolani. . are SOLIN. 2 The Christian tradition was that the land of Gog and Magog was on the west side of the Caspian. call MAGOT TARTARIA. 4 3 The Hoang Ho. and GRAND other two rivers go to the Sea of JAVA.) There are two certain roads to CATAYO.

cross all is in the Persia to the city of SARA 4 on the left hand. is is But from SCIM river CATAYA towards MAGOT and did not find town nor I entirely inhabited by travelled for The city. small green bean. always working to the eastward to the kingdom of SCIM. bounded by the eastern sea. tribes with flocks.ROADS TO CHINA 46 — MONGOLIA JANULA by the Gulf of MONIMENTI and so thence taking the road to to the city of TRASTARGO NORGANCIO and crossing the MONTES CASPIOS to the city of CATO and the kingdom of BOCARIN Thence all by the isle of 1 : 2 . Mondj 6 is is sown eat at reaped after It is cooked Samarcand. - Bokhara. leaving the Sea of 5 SCIM is higher India. nor trees. 1 Mertuoy. bread. departed from the empire of I up the course of the sixty-five days. . thence to the city of SAUASTO is in TURQUYAand travelling on to the river EUFRATES and the city of ARGOT. and thirty days. of Ibn Batuta. other is ARMENIA the greater. thence reaching the river of AR and to which by the kingdom of LA EGLESIA which travelling Then empire of Persia. but only meat and milk. town because the live in the country. catayo to inhabitants there all city nor neither north. and travelling over all the kingdom of SIRAS which has neither Then cross the kingdom of SARMAGANT city nor town. for the other TORIS 3 . without finding a city or town to the The way by entering the Mediterranean Sea and going by the island of CHI PRE empire of CATAYO. while in this borders on the empire of CATAYO. 4 Caspian. The empire of MESOPOTAMIA must then be crossed. Asia must be crossed. This is raised in great quantity. (i Phaseolns Mungo. presently sprouts. Yet they sow a seed which they call monos 6 something . It any time of the year. nor people like ajonjoli. 3 Tabriz. The SCIM is not the one we spoke of before. the It is all land a plain who country and has no stones.

it horses numerous because the and surround TARTARIA from sea to manner. Mesheck and Tubal. and many do not eat barley because there without number. Gog the chief prince of his place out of the north parts. very confident. is Know are so I of magnet iron throughout reached the which MONTES CASPIOS Here there is . except that they do no evil To the east it also there are very great there are countless commandments of They are one to another. so that ten thousand men can reside in each of them.MONGOLIA 47 with milk. river is that these mountains are of immeasurable only one very narrow pass. climate have tribes built of the same its is and there a castle built made At the other side there and as high. all is all the land It is left to many a hundred days journey long and seventy broad. sea. of MAGOT. nature for reaches to the clouds. is Thence suitable. They They none. On MAGOT. and they were closed for a long time. these mountains trees. TARTARIA this not observe any of the God. and closed in by these all is who do and sea. and great fighters both on foot and on horseback. called GOT 1 . The castles are very high on the top. flocks. from that lineage came From 1 that lineage Gog and Magog all also For those of the empire of CATAYO. or to enter their country by the mountains for they shut and fastened those iron gates by placing great rocks against them. coming out and conquering a great part of the world themselves. tribes Within plain without stones or and with a temperate climate. M. is it in this foot rises the another castle stone. insomuch that Alexander was unable to conquer them. Between the two are the Iron Gates which shut the entrance to TARTARIA. but only hay. came those of the empires of are from Ezekiel xxxviii. coming from C. and makes very good food. MONTES bounded by the Within rocky dales. CASPIOS. which the people These eat and give to travellers. height. R. Eventually they removed the obstruction. .

all the Persians. that castle of MAGOT because I saw and heard On the north side TARTARIA things every day. ARAUIA. and TRIMIC 8 . but they are white and do anything they see to do. 5 Bokhara. in And kingdom of SCIM comes the great mountain CAUCASUM which extends from 1 sea. Cino-cefalos. peoples conform to their law and all But certainly they observe no law what- ever. of are completed. 4 Samarcand. Tibet (Elbeit).TIBET 48 arm alec. This kingdom of SCIM India the high. and keep no commandments of God except not doing evil one to another. which borders on the eastern from this . bounded. is a legend . 2 3 India Transgangetica. and will make to their freedom. they will be lords of the whole face of the earth. in some places who are vile and They have long faces like eaters of raw flesh and fish. They SINOFALOS 2 of NORGANCIO. On the map of the Pisigani (1367) there about them written near the river Tanais. marvellous is bounded by the lands of albizibi which are desert and uninhabited. The wise men of TARTARIA say that when 7000 years of the era of Adam Saracens and Goths. I lived for some time in empire of CATAYO is land there sea is a great lake which they called the 1 . the land of TAGOJAR. This enclosed TARTARIA forms a fourth part of the whole earth. the With these mountains the land of GOT and magot. as well Turks as Tartars.. In the middle of this TABASUM The people of this land are called MOGOLES and the land is known as MOGOLIN. city are called In this empire of . . though there are people dogs. CATAYO I saw one of them there is a in the kingdom called SCIM 8 which borders on the kingdoms of SARMAGANT 4 BOCARIN 5 . is the eastern sea to India Lake Lob. those of the empire of SARA. Some of them turned to the law Abraham and others turned Moors. and MESOPOTAMIA.

men of clear understandings and good memories. '•'' 4 5 agulilada. mountains which give 49 of TRIMIC is many rise to surrounded all by- fountains and rivers. were these. In this way India the high called is MANZIE 4 . and gave them better understandings and clearer memories. is the earliest European account of the Tibetans. This and the east. J]ie- and : the root of this is heraiise^. is who Most of very hot. Formosa. this reason they deserve honour more than any others because no others equal them nor in learning other men. illustrious. 4 . and that the Persians heard of those things For from them. except that this or MARE CANSASUR from sea there and beyond it there is is . it sea. learned in the sciences. This M. In islands. bounded by the eastern sea which MARE SERICUM CAUCASOS. This land has a very healthy climate and agubilada} so who are born and live here have very long lives. and . are near the a great the is MONTES island called another known as PARA- DISUS 5 and here a great gulf penetrates into the land. and live according to law They say that the men who first heard of science and learning that those They are 2 .THE INDIES The kingdom the low. and Manci of Orderico de Bordenone. from the Arabic gialil. in science they deserve honour above for this all For the others did not equal these in science or learning. with fine hair produced by the heat. B. towns are on the sea shore and there are many So that the air receives moisture from the the dryness and heat. K. Beyond these For this they deserved greater honour 3 are the people of India Their land equinoctial line. their are formed beautiful bodies and graceful forms. Manji of Marco Polo. temperate climate which tempered their bodies and the good extended to their spirits. and tempers .tjiey are at the hirlhplace of_ rest of the kingdom towns and great are due all to the and cities. 1 Or - Tibetans. grand. which are not produces dark colour.

it. R. 224). to the city of always resides. SCIM called CATIGORA 2 CEBIA.CHINA TO BOKHARA 50 covers all until it comes On the Sea of India. the shores of that sea sand)'. for some time and travelled with some companions 25 days journey to the westward. The other two kingdoms The first are to the westward. proud. Here I met with merchants who came from CATAYO and travelled . the heat is not so great. with us 35 days journey to another city called CATO. and the formation of government and The)' merit nobility. of these lands is BABILONJA. who are this the sixth. in the fifth climate. being in the western part where laws. favouring science and learning. 2 Chittagong? 3 Oxus ? . C. and a river flows by it 3 which has its source in the MONTES CASPIOS. being in the commencement of reason the western peoples. Their inhabitants are a temperate race. flag of the I all. the 1 Scim appears to be a kingdom of hearsay. are as regards law. M. CUCI and BACERTA. cities in The 1 to than the others are haughty. It is BOCARIN where the King a very great city. the middle of the climates. where they held sovereignty.) departed from MAGOT where I had resided in But those There are four great . the second PERSIA. because they are cities call warm like the water in a bath. They to the western sea. also they are clever For this and have good memories. quarrelsome. that the water of this sea and great fish and the is are bred in in is it India the Know of Nubia. science. Romans. yy. and learning. and India the high. They are considered to be in the second grade of the nobility of the orientals. and warlike. in a locality where natures and complexions are equal. Or it may be Siam which is called Cini by Varthema (p. less and take the Consequently they sun merit nobility above King of SCIM is white with a figure of the (See Plate XVI. of SCIM Owing the centre. It may refer to some confused stories about the people of Bengal and Burma.

Mogul Sultan of Persia 1317 to 1335. M. Plate XVI. one city where the King for a device a These two kingdoms have lives. 6 Mertuoy. The King of this NORGANCIO has for his device 4 a white flag with the sign of UXBECO Emperor of SARA red. which is 8 Further in the territory of VNASCAYT Emperor of Persia. travelled for 30 days without but there was plenty of milk and Then we came to the Sea of SARA. 5 4 Astrakhan.341. embarked on the Sea of SARA in a ship of COM AN Christians. Kharism or Khiva. - or towns. 79. yet the country was inhabited and with a mountain which is We flocks. 4—2 . until . according to the Catalan map of 1376. meat and monos. which they city 5 call . We came to a spur from the Montes Caspios and This mountain extends to the Sea of SARA. On the Caspian. (See Plate XVI. 3 Shah Usbek was born in 1292 and died 1. and we anchored off a city called GODASPA. His empire extended from the Dnieper to the Ural mountains. C. of Aldjaptu. which rises in Apparently a region in or bordering on Siberia. yellow flag with many white (See stars. 7 on a great river enters the sea called TIGRIS. . many crossed it by a is 125 days very high pass and again travelled a long distance over a country without cities we came to a great city called NORGANCIO 3 Near it flows a great river in the empire of UXBECO called ORGANCIO which rises in that spur of the MONTES CASPIOS. R.) We departed from the kingdom of Cato and travelled a great distance without finding town nor city. 78. journey long. except the people of 1 .CASPIAN 51 But head of a kingdom with very extensive territory all the residents live in the country. 1 2 7 On 8 Abu Said Jan Bahadur son the right bank of the Don.) We left NORGANCIO and seeing a city or town . to a It is in the Gulf of RAANSINLIA 6 Afterwards I MONIMENTI I stayed there for some time.

I in the inhabited by Emperor departed from ARMENIA and came to the great city of TORIS 11 which I 5 9 10 II 4 3 Arbela. goes by TORIS and JORGANIA. another goes flows 8 . ascend it. 7 . called to the Mediter- SURMENA. Sea". Mosul. and there are many cities on its banks. entering the mare MAYOR near TRAPESONDA.. 5 6 has on This river has three arms.AND EUPHRATES TIGRIS 52 the mountains of TORO. Madjar. . Armenian when it escaped the universal of salt stone as white as crystal. Cyrus or Kur. called CUR goes through empire of Persia. Bussora. river until came I followed up the course of this I mountains of TORO which are to the in From the middle of the land of the Emperor of Persia. where NOE the ark of deluge. Then I left the mountain of TORO and went to see the mountains of ARMENIA the greater. 2 . The kingPersia. Melesgird. Tabriz. Shown on the mappemonde of Sanudo 1321. . Red . nega. The flows to the to the Black Sea. is . arrived This mountain is Know that is one of the No man has been able to been made many empire of Persia. by Arabia One by DAMASCO and the land of JAFET ranean Sea 10 . s 7 Kishm. The third river. though attempts have These mountains are times. All round the country who Christians and he places much is are the guards of the trust in them. MAX ATE MAHUMEN BRASAR and AQUISIO on the shores of the Black Sea. Shown on the map of Pisigani and the Catalan of 1376. and its MALAXIA. city is called is MALASCORT and another NASOL 8 others ORBE 4 SUSCAR. another fourth river. TIGRIS which enters the Sea of SARA between two cities called GODASPA and SARMAGANTE which belonged to the The other. ALARGEO. CAMAC. banks ARGOR. called EUFRATES. Mohammera. highest mountains in the world. dom near the mountains of Armenian inhabited by TORO is called EGLESIA and Another Christians. 1 . They call one the these mountains four great rivers flow.

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PLATE 81 82 CONSTANTINOPLE SALONICA (8) 82 (8) 83 WIDDIN 17 (8) CONSTANTINOPLE (N> .

was crowned. 9 Ispahan. In this . SPAOR TORIS first visited in 5 Persia are . King Its has for his device a yellow flag with a red square. CADE. . thence to PREMUA DEL REY From thence abba.) the middle. 8 Tabriz. Ormuz. I travelled a I came to the city of AYRAS. 1 Lake Urumia. . Know that in Persia there rise two fountains and that each one makes a great lake 12 miles in width. one of the It is and this reason the Persians are wise They have learned men the stars. peror of Persia. grandest good cities in the world. SALAMANCA. cities banks are ARGIS. and RASTELLO. was in this city for this city stars . The Emperor of well versed in all the sciences. in CASAR serrans. rich. 6 Kazan. with a profound knowledge of Persia has for his device a yellow flag with a red square in (See Plate xvn. buxila.) departed from SALDANIA 3 and went with some mer- I chants eastward to another city called de PERSIA. long distance until the Tartars a well . going thence to the king- dom of SALDANIA and its crossed the river of ARGIS and rich and noble city. and from each a river flows which crosses the whole of Persia . 80. 7 . SPALONERO. His empire extends from SARA to the Persian Gulf where is the city of HORMIXIO and from the MARE MAYOR to AQUISIO also the Sea of 10 . called by SARAX 4 where the empire of Persia ends. and very ancient. 10 Kishm. I went over a great part of Persia. well supplied. 80. The cities I 8 . It is They say that supplied city. and in a For climate. the Em- have THESI.PERSIA 53 the capital of the empire of the Persians. (See Plate XVII. JORJAMAN. SALDANIA and last town is where BESNACAYT. one fountain marsargis and the other MARCARGIS 2 call The two on They 1 their rivers unite The and enter the Black Sea. rich. 4 Shiraz. 3 Sultanieh? 7 Sultanieh. 2 5 Lake Van. ORMI. 6 discovered the astronomy or law of the is the line of the centre of Persia. CAPERTI.

any to We came CUR at the island of AUSERO MESAPOTAMIA in the empire of crossed the river city. enemy's country. AYUSO which until is came the land of JAFET. Abu Said encamped on the banks of Abu Said died the Kur or Cyrus. and kingdom of Greeks which they I 3 a SALONICO. Others say that his favourite wife poisoned him while taking a bath. Many were fled. pillaged. thence to thence to CRETA. river of SURIA There CHIPRE call . 13352 Tripoli. UXBECO was he conquered. some merchants who came from and came to the city of BALDAC. all their tents their women into the far who came God help- The conqueror adAfter this some captured. Emperor of million and a half of SARA. 125 days journey and to the city of SIRAS 100 days Persia. travelled for a great distance without next came DAMASCO and into the Mediterranean Sea. Moorish Hajjis who preached daily to BENASCAYT. Then BENASCAYT promised some Armenian monks whom he consulted. with him. There arrived more than a cavalry. Here a branch of to the river to a city called the river turns to inhabitants lived in the for all the a ship of Christians and went to isles MOREA and of ROMANIA and ANCANDIA. falling Then went along the I to a city called TRIPUL 2 on the shore of the Mediterranean. 269. Thence we coming country. assembled a very UXBECO. bordering 1 See Deguignes III. 3 Cyprus. ing it. gave him and he died certain herbs But the Kings of Persia 1 . Emperor of journey. Christians.MONGAL SHAH 54 on the Persian Gulf. ing. vanced and defeated and his cavalry killed or taken prisoners. that if he won the battle he would great host and went to fight with become The Armenian a Christian. NEGROPONT. length Its width from the river CUR its is BENASCAYT. and the forces of Usbeg retreated. this Persia with left I We CATAYO. marched with a cross before them and. embarked in thence to the the I EUFRATES and crossLUALAXA. After always favoured the Christians and trusted them. .

5 . stantinople has for his device a flag quarterly. . His right hand is extended towards TURQUIA which was formerly called ASIA MINOR. BOECIA 6 . and beautiful. (See Plate XVII. statue of Constantine fell in 1207. the capital of the empire where Here there is a church of God they crown the Kings. The King of SALONICA has for his device a red flag with a yellow cross and four chain links. RECREA city they call Before it there On ascended. of Theodosius 3 Euxine. 81. is is placed a very large. where the great Alexander reigned. 5 Achaia. which is very wide.) Constantinople and entered the proceeding along the coast on the left hand MARE MAYOR until I came 3 . Macedonia. conquered SURIA. It is a very rich country. (See Plate XVII. silver. MACEDONIA 7 . and thence formed of many provinces. 1 Heraclea. column. and he It is in honour of the Emperor Constantine. on the The Emperor of Conother side of this gulf of the sea' 2 . called SANTA SOFIA. namely is ACHIA The I the true Greece. The King has for a device a red flag with a yellow cross a between four chain Leaving to Greeks 4 .) Thence I went to a city they call GALIPOLI which is on the shore of the gulf between the Mediterranean and the By greater sea. this way the French passed when they Thence I went along the sea coast to a and thence to the city of CONSTANTINOPLA. a rich city. left I 82. and the empire of the is Greece in ARCHADIA LODOMAGO Here BARNA. The statue was afterwards placed on the column made of The episcopal hat was probably a nimbus or crown. CAHONIA. 4 11 Boeotia. to kingdom called LODOMAGO. 1st and 4th argent a cross gules. 1 a tower of stone which has not been is summit of the tower there this knight with his horse of metal. four chain links or. 2 A came to MESENBEZ. lofty.CONSTANTINOPLE 55 on MACEDONIA.) links. It has on his head an episcopal hat. 2nd and 3rd gules a cross or between (See Plate XVII. Si. 7 Arcadia.

They call the first TURBO. and 3 : Near the land of micaLI. the fourth DRINAGO. TANA a country of TURCOS and TARTAROS and CANARDI. the seventh RABESA. There are three kingdoms bordering on this Sea of LETANA. where there is a city called MATERGA. PIDEA.GREEK EMPEROR'S DOMINIONS— DANUBE 56 LETEDOMONIASCESALONICA^PARUS another MACEDONIA up to CONSTANTINOPLA. the ninth VECINE 5 These nine . this city of It rivers VECINA which make a great commotion before the capital of the kingdom. . which are subject to UXLETO. sixth RABA. 2 6 3 Salonica. the head of the kingdom. They are divided by a great river called because the port of . the eighth UR. Thence I entered the Sea of tana by a strait between the Capes of GOTIA and TUS. called I PIRUS which all rises in the these lands there departed from the kingdom of along the shore of the a river is mountains of CERUA.) I departed from VECINA and went along the coast to MAURO CASTRO and and near it there is thence to LOBO. The cape borders on two very extensive provinces. the third DACIA. the land of the King DAVID and the province of ANOGASIA. (See Plate XVII. a very high mountain. UXLETO LUSUR which After this port there rises in the a city called is has the same flag as It it is its dependency. the second DANUBIO. and fall into the mark MAYOR. Epirus. the fifth PINGA. the . Widdin. Comanes. is has a white flag with four red squares. 1 4 Lacedemonia. and TANA. Sulina ? 8 Euxine. and the land of SUFRAGIA. 83. MENSEBER and went mare MAYOR to a great city called VECINA 4 Here nine rivers unite. 7 Sea of Azof. a river called mountains REXOS. These are COM AN I A whose people are Christians. Thence I reached the Cape of GOTIA which is The between the MARE MAYOR 6 and the Sea of LETANA 7 Goths occupied this cape when they went forth to besiege ALEXANDRE. Thence I went to NIGROPILA which is in a large gulf of the MARE MAYOR.

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PLATE 84 SEBASTOPOL 85 TREBIZOND (8) 86 87 FERADELFIA (S) SAMSUN (8) (S) 87 FERADELFIA (N) 18 .

war with the TURCOS. 57 The name. (See Plate XVIII. MARE MAYOR and GORGANIA which to MAR DE UXLETO the very extensive land of the empire of SARA-.) territory bordering departed from SEMISO and.SHORES OF THE EUXINE TAN ay from which the city takes 1 . CASTELLE call 6 inhabited by . The Emperor of TRAPESONDA has for went along the shore. Its device is This a red flag with a golden cross between four chain links. 6 Sinope. arriving at the two-headed eagle. gules a hand argent. but the people are Greek Christians. I went to SAMASCO thence 7 . The people are Greek Christians.) departed from I golden a TRAPESONDA and went by QUINISONDA kingdom of SEMISO 6 a . 85. large and populous on TURQUIA and the MAR MAYOR. and arrived in the kingdom of SANT ESTROPOLI which is inhabited by COMANES Christians. but perform the works of Christians all after the his flag is — left I in the sacrifices. for (See Plate XVIII. The King has for his device a white flag with a sign like this. passing 4 device a red flag with his (See Plate XYlli. 2 Caspian. . 86. its flags of these kingdoms are the same as that of their over-lord UXLETO. Samsun. 3 Uzbeg. strong and populous. I came to a kingdom they Greek Christians who are kingdom is still at going along the coast. Here there are many people who have Jewish descent. passing in the empire of UXLETO. and PESONTA departed from the Sea of along the shores of the eastern side of the a very long distance. This empire borders on TURQUIA. 84.) sant ESTROPOLI and went between the more The King has Greek than the Latin Church. I then by FAXA and CONISA to the city of TRAPESONDA where I remained for some time. I letana and proceeded mare mayor for by aruasaxia. 7 Amastris. From CASTELLE 1 6 The Don. 4 to PUNTA Trebizond. a s .

2 Siwas? 3 Georgia. and arrived is I until I DERUENT 4 having an extensive and well supplied territory is . arriving kingdom at a manor. but there Here a great SARA. At deruent in a panfilo. crossed a river which rises in the I TORO. palolimen and went by DIASCHILO left I PALOLI- called TROYA and bordering on the province of 1 DELFIA. at a city called climate SAUASCO 2 : . Its the MAR inhabitants are Greek Christians. travelled arrived at the Sea of SARA. near Scutari. xviii. BARNACHU 6 . TURQUIA and came Leaving that place mountains contains exfor his device to the city of JORGANIA 3 over empire DERUENT the Sea of CARAOL. but the which to embarked on at a city called very great and well supplied kingdom subject empire of Persia. for FERRI.SOUTH SHORE OF THE EUXINE 58 R WCHA MEN and CARPI. 88. to the The cold. DERUENT and CARAOL there is a port called There are many wars concerning it. 4 Derbent. AXBRAN 5 . argent and azure and on a field (See Plate argent a cross gules. I left ATOLOGO. anciently called ASIA MINOR. . 5 Shirvan. and TURQUIA these cities are in The King has FERA- to found a rich and well supplied All city. which they call TIGRES 7 by the mainland. 87. for his device a flag parted per pale. ° Near Baku. 7 Kur or Cyrus. subject.) by land with some merchants. a red flag charged with a black wheel. Then went from CARAOL to I and the point of BACU which surrounded by the Sea of SARA. lofty .) I departed from the kingdom of feradelfia and went kingdom to another ATOLOGO which The King has called tensive territory near the sea. went across all travelling of (See Plate XIX. 1 is all one entrance river enters the It is Sea of comes from the Sakaria. JAN U AS DERUENT is in the empire of UXBECO and CARAOL is Between in the empire of Persia. SARA in a flag that of is UXBECO.

PLATE 88 89 STOLOGO XORMAN 91 (S) 88 90 <S> ROXIA IS' XORMAN 91 92 ORENBURG (S) STOLOGO ROXIA (N> (N) (N) 19 .

.

a great city called as SARA DE BACU. AYAR. 1 A mistake for Twer. They are rich and well supplied lands. They call it the Sea of CASPIO after the MONTES CASPIOS. This city is situated in the Gulf of MONIMENTI. and the Sea of worshipped as a god. The TARTAROS have many names for this Sea of SARA. ASANGU. in the Then empire of Persia. between that river and the Gulf of Mertuoy. of that land who is very powerful and got the people to believe that he was a god. CORANCHI. but device of the Emperor of it a very cold country. and the adjacent sea This name known as is also given to the He was DON BACUS. QUILLAN along the shores of the Sea of SARA. ESPAUOR. and to the great city of SARA where UXBECO was crowned Emperor of the TARTAROS. to 1 . CONTULICANCHI. TIFER. by the Gulf of TRESCARGO.CASPIAN 59 mountains of TORO. MUSAUR. ESCLEURZA. MAUMET. and flows across ARMENIA the At the approach to the point there BACU. REVERSA." 2 Volga? . and on the river TAN AY along the banks of which MONIMENTI. It was on the left bank of the Volga. which are are cities BALTAcapitals of kingdoms. there are The many rich cities. I departed from the city of BACU and went by GUDASPU. and of QUILLAN. I departed from the city of SARA and went up the course of the river TIRUS until it joined the TANAY TANAY 2 . and should be DON BACUS. is SARA is a white flag with a red sign. each one with extensive bounds. I They are went along the shore on the other side to the north. belonging to the empire of Sara. to the south. which the Franciscan calls "Monimenti. and he founded this city of BACU. The capital of Kipchac or empire of Uzbeg was destroyed by Timour in 1403. The which I passed on the banks of the CHINCA. They call it the Sea of BACU after the city of BACU. is know King is greater. those countries being on its shoes. He was spoken of as the god JORGANIA.

I westward up the to the call This river TIR flows into the ALBIZIBI country. which to the CASPIO.) departed from SICCIA and entered another kingdom 1 Russia. called west towards the sea of called a great city. . is it ends. I departed from the kingdom of SEBUR and arrived at Here I crossed the cities called TASCOAR and PIDEA. 3 This river of SICCIA. MAR MAYOR beyond one called . I The King has for his (See Plate XIX. 4 Novgorod. junction of the river TIR. It are vile people faces like dogs. 2 Imaginary. the other NU :I turning to the ALEMAXA beyond a NU bounds a great country. rivers TYR and TANAY. I was unable to arrived at a province I SEBUR where there is a great city called CASORAMA. another called TIR flowing into the deserts of ALBIRZIBI. device a red flag with a white castle. the capital of is NOGARADO 4 . which and uninhabited. city VIRONA. river TANAY and entered a great province called ROXIA in which there is a city called XORMAN. 91. except that desert went on and both united form a very large river flowing north so that where others the mountains CASPIOS. rising in lake. comes from the great TANAYS I TIR because river to the great width. called 1 which is three days journey in length and two broad 2 Three very great falling into the rivers from flow it. and have long turned They are called SIGNOFALOS. the capital of the kingdom.RUSSIA 60 with man>. a very cold Dwina. TANAY the city of TANA. province called In this SICCIA there the kingdom. cows and buffaloes. pass owing it. It is bounded by the great lake of TANAY. camels.flocks. This kingdom is quite surrounded by the two its capital. the it is not known in a few places there who eat raw flesh and fish. but believed in by most of the middle age geo- graphers.

.

PLATE 20 93 TRANSYLVANIA 94 YRCANIA (8) (S> .

.RUSSIA they XORMAN call same name. the TURBO and LUSIM. having no uninhabited. The people (See Plate XX. 93. The went I to the king has for a device a green flag with a red scimitar. This King of MAXAR has for his Leaving I presently 1 . from the castle of GOT and magot when ALEXANDRE. Ascending the river TIR towards the north there are two YRCANIA and GOTIA. It is called the NOGULAUS. XORMAN came to maxar a kingdom in which there are three cities CASAMA LASAC. seen in the middle of the heavens. I have These two provinces of YRCANIA and GOTIA were peopled by the GODOS who came from the closed TARTARIA. It is encircled by two great rivers. and MONSCAOR 2 This kingdom lies between the kingdoms of VOGARADO and SILUANA. whence came forth who entered Spain. 2 Moscow. 1 Kazan. 92. There are also found land very great bears and wild beasts.) are schismatic Christians. In this kingdom there is a great city called SARAX. and night for six necks whatever. From MAXAR (See Plate XIX. The people are strong and warlike. and to the shoulders. . come out of their ears reach their men met shoulders. is It is daylight for six months. and the conWith this GOTIA marches another province called PASCHAR which borders they deliberated on the siege of quest of the greater part of the world. the 6 which there in is a great city with the capital. very large provinces called the Goths land of but their country is very cold. and throughout the year there months.) kingdom of SILUANA which they call SEPTEN CASTRA and the Greeks call it HORGIML. as already related. device a purple flag with white stars. This GOTIA and YRCANIA march with the lofty mountains of star is TRASMONTANA. yet they say that with whose heads in this In these mountains the north are Their beards are on their breasts.

and thence to another called CALMAR. into the the Sea of ALEMANIA. Coca ur Cocca. I is fall which they frozen for the greater In this sea is have already mentioned. In the entrance two islands went to Flanders. In LONDIS I embarked in a 1 ALEMANA of enters. thence to ESTOCAL. GODLANDIA. much used in the middle . BISCAR. COLA. a vessel for sails only. and from there Thence to Seville. German We arroca and steered west in the Sea of ALEMANIA. called I first all the kingdom of to this gulf there are JANGLANT and FINONIA. and surrounds DACIA of the Danes. BACK TO SEVILLE SUEUIA there In this RODERIN. SORMENCES. I reaching a city which they call SORDEPIN. in a gulf of that sea gulf. This gulf owing to the intense cold. GODLANDIA which the island of alemania It is a land Afterwards these two rivers cold without measure. which 1 acres. found five islands in this sea. and two great called One across. the other LACUS ESTARSE. departed from SUEUIA and turned to the sea shore. the city I from started. and SALANDIA. Here a great gulf of the Sea YSTAC. STOCOL part of the time.SWEDEN 62 on sueuia. They surround is a great a great land between the Sea of and the mountains of the trasmontana. and LONDIS. call province each a day's journey STOCOL. called is lakes. — FLANDERS. BONDELET.

. . „ Leon Oviedo Orense Tuy la „ Ebro France Tolosa Chalon Diepa Burdeo Cales Rochela Bretana Asturias Samalo Segovia Malo Normandia Morena Segura Rivers of: Guadalquivir and Guadiana (gulf) St Gulf of Loira Saina r (Seine) Paris Segura Alpes Alsace Ebro Roan ..NAMES OF PLACES ARRANGED UNDER THEIR COUNTRIES Spain Archbishoprics : Taje Douro Portogal Sevilla Lisbona Toledo Compostella Portogalla Bishoprics Algezira Cordova Jaen Murcia Badajos Santarem Braga Bayona de minor Pontevedra Santander Soria Castro Urdiales Bilbao San Sebastian Ciudad Rodrigo Bayona Zamora Salamanca Navarra Plasencia Avila Segovia Palencia Cuenca Osma Astorga Burgos Lugo Mondonedo Calahorra Siquenga (Silve?) Mountains of: Biscaya mayor en Gascuena Pampluna Tudela rivers Ebro Sinca Signe Condado de Ampurias rivers Sinca Signe „ Giron .

.64 PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES Flanders ete.

.. Dumfries Edinburgh Berwick England London Windsor LONDRES GUNSA ANTONA r BURGA RAVENA Bergamo Ravenna PLAZEXCIA BRISTOL Bristol Dartmouth Plymouth Mi ford Wales TOSCANA FLOREXCIA Ireland Limerick Waterford ROIS DONBELIN ETERNS ART AN Dublin Faroe Is. VERUIC .. Policastro Scalea ARAGON B...PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES VALENCIA Valencia TARRAGONA Tarragona Tortosa Barcelona Trondjhem TORTOSA BARCELONA EBRO r Tronsbersc PIRENEOS Pyrenees AMPURIA County of Ampuria Narbonne Norway Bergen Nidaros REGIS NIDROXIA TRONDE TRUNBERES 65 Ebro Baltic Isles COLA Oland NARBONA LISTER (BISCAR Listerby near Carlscrona THOLOSA Toulouse Italy BONDOU Bornholm SALANDA Zeeland RUEDANO SALAND1 RISENT Copenhagen ARLE AV1XON Aries MONAGO GENOUA Monaco Genoa Lombard y Ringsted Laaland ALENDA Hedding Telemarken ESCONIN Stor TILLE Scotland DONFRES ENERUIC . HERNIA ALPES ANTONA (Mar de) Adriatic Arno ARNO r Iceland CITILANT IBERNIA Pavia ROMA POLICASTRO STALEA REZO GIRAZO I Bologna Padua Parma ARTAMIA PR EMU A MIRAFORDA ESTANFORDA YMERIA GATAFORDA . Florence NAPOL PULLA CALABRIA SURENTI SALERNO PONTEVEDRA M... Orkneys Shetlands Tuscany .... Milan Cremona PADITA PANONJA PAVIA PISA GALES DIRGALES Rhone Avignon LOMBARDIA .... Rome Romagna Naples Apulia Calabria Sorrento Salerno Pontevedra GALICIA TARIFA Galicia Tarifa MALAGA GRANADA . Monopolis Bari Barletta Squillace 5 .. Placenza Pisa ROMAXA COTRUM TARANTO ENTRANTO Spain . ... Otranto Brindisi Malaga Granada BRANDIZO MONAPOLI VLAR BARLETO Manfredonia Pescara LORCA Lorca MONFRODOYE Aragon CARAGOCA Zaragoza PESCARA ZCHILAZO K. MEDIOLAXEXSIS CLAMONA BOLOXA Southampton I .... Reggio Gerace Cotrone Tarentum . Tiber TIBRE r Apennines AI..

66 PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES .

PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES VITILIA 67 .

.. port of Afri- can coast sax bin c .. Arzilla .. MASCAROTE ..OMEO LA CAR DAD Madeira Puerto Santo Terceira columbaria.. CONEJOS the Azores CUERVO marines Corvo...........PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES 6S ARGUER Algiers Bresin BRISCHAN TENSS1 Jenes in Algeria ALGEZER Algiers MAGANGA ORAN Mostagan Oran Canaries GRESA LANCAROTE BEZIMARIN .W.. One RACHAN .... gazula . Segelmense of Leo geographers Africanus Atlantic Isles TOI.. one of the Azores sax JORGE .i......... CAREXA Desarters Azores LOBO CABRAs Atlas Atlas until 17th century Chain of the Atlas Djezula... Fayal. Boyador I Santa Maria San Miguel Perhaps oneof the Azores VENTURA . the capital of Tafilet. Gomera Ferro FERRO ... Roque. coast Al-Kalidat of SULGUMENCA . Teneriffe TENERIFE . Cape Nao . MOGODOR Western Atlas CUCTA la alta Not texts.. ( >RTE VENTURA RAXY AZAMOR Rabat ? NIFE Anafi? DESIERTA GUX r MARRUECOS ADMET Near Saffee Marocco LECMANE .. one of the Azores Pico...vc One Tremecen TREMECEN MULUYA r ATALANES of the small Canary Africa... TANJAR (wife of the of the Canaries? ARZILA N... ZAMATANA ... Isles Isles Morocco ALEGRANCA . N in asBezimarin i Tangiers King of Seville) Mogadore . .. AplaceinGran ARAGANIA . S. . PUERTO SANTO Madeiras Aghma .. Graciosa Lanzerote ... Muluvia Larcudia ALCUDIA NOCENA Nocena BEDIZ Now CEPTA Perion de Yelez FEZ Ceuta Fez CALE Sallee MIQUYNEZ RIBATE Mequinez Rabat (JEGIMAR . N. one of the Azores Flores.... Samatamat.... of Atlas Fuerte Ventura Gran Canaria Canaria ROMAIQUIA MONTES CLAROS R SALVAJE Azamor or or Same CANARIA . Canary ...... or .\DER c . one of . ISLA DEL INFIERNO Palma comer a .. San Jorge. BRASIL . Beni Sabi (Subi?) i. Central Africa {first Journey) ZICHIALHAMERA Sakietel Hamra Ifran IFURENT . At the foot of the Arabian the Atlas Sigilmasiyale.

69 ..PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES RIO DE DARA.

.. at trance HORMIXIO Ormuz enof Persian Gulf India and Isles SABBA Saba GOLFATHAN In EGEPTA Jepta in Mus- CABAT Ras DEI.. Gulf of Cam bay Cam bay Canara Malabar Comorin Ouilon Bijaya-nagar Fartak (Narsinga?). BANDACHA) *"' BALDAQUE) MONT FALCON CHOS Abyssinia Sidab Koseir MADE Mader SACAN Suakin ..A Mekran CHEQUIMO DEMONELLA COXIMOCHA Quetta GRANBAET GANARRAC MAHOBAR GOMAR COLON VIGUY Mandra Goge.. GIDE Jeddah MECHAX Mecca From Cape Comorin to Bengal SERAYN RASQUIPIZ . Kuria Muria Ezion Geber Hadramaus Medina Babylon Bagdad Mesopo- In tamia ANSERA Isle in the Tigris Nineveh NINIQUE Persian Gulf AQUISIO Kishm AQUYSIO ENRRO Suto. INI Delhi Arabia in Arabia.PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES 7o CAN '. A rabla ADEN ALCUI5IL AXION GEBEL ADROMAR ALMEDINA FADAL . Serain Ras Ouibal YUDE Uidan SICOCRA Socotra I'ANONA FRAMISIA Patna ? In the kingdom of Viguy . Shinar ? BAUILONIA . Sabea Africa and {Red Sea) ALBACIO TRALIDEBO be tains on LakeTsana? ARAOC Mesopotamia king- dom cat Jabbat el NONCI..IN GRACION >NA ABDESEL1 iLlBj Gaboon? I African 1 MALSA J (Melli?) MAGDASOR and capital Capital of Prester John African state and capital? Damot AMOC Blue Nile? Between Malsa and Magdasor ? Between Malsa and SARMA Magdasor? Between Malsa and Magdasor? Between Malsa and Magdasor ? Dima?nearthe O9A MORANIA Blue Nile GABEXCOLIS Between Malsa and Magdasor ? Between Malsa and Magdasor ? GLAOC ( \I M Caldaea \ CUR Should EUPHRATES Tigris (" Not the one in Africa ") TORO Taurus moun- agrodesenabar Near Babylon.

PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES TUSI 71 .

72 MAX ATE PLACES IX THEIR COUNTRIES .

. Shores of Caspian PALOLIMEN . viroxa .. NOGARADO ...PLACES IN THEIR COUNTRIES MUSAUR MATERGA COMANIA Kertch TANA Don CANARDI Between Don and Dneiper LakeofTanay? On Anegazia GORGONIA FAX A In Abhasia Sebastopol. Kostroma . Rostof Cholm Dwina ... FERAXDELFIA ATOLOGO .. DIASCHILO ..... SAMASCO PUNTA RANCHA Sivastro Erekli xormax xu CARPI Kerpi Liman ALBIRZIBI ... Eskele in Bithynia Philadelphia Maxar . LASAC . coast of Caspian On the Caspian On the Caspian On the Volga ? On the Volga On the Volga Torjeh Trebizond Kerezun QUINISONDA coast of Caspian SEBUR CASORAMA TASCOAR TRAPESONDA.. but in Mingrelia? Georgia Phasis Ouisa ? ~ Vitze? CONISA West ESPAUOR as West QUILLAN CORANCHI TIR Trib. Novgorod ........ SICCIA .... CONTULICANCHI BALTACHINCA ESCLEURZA .... in PistOVO Russia ....... Si nope ROXIA . SILUAXA SEPTEM CASTRA Transylvania Near Baku Baku HORGILM TURBO On the Caspian LUSIM Dneiper Korenabad SARAX Saragerio monscaor VOGARADO ? Moscow .. of TRESCARGO ... coast of Caspian river Same PESONTA SANT ESTROPOLI West the Sea of Azof TANAY ARUASAXIA 73 In Russia? Livonia Scythia Novgorod Orenburg to Moscow (Moxia) Cazan Lechel in the province of Sivas Cazan DERBEXT CARAOL Georgia Derbent On the Caspian JANUAS FERRI Iron gates AX BRAN BARNACHU BACU GUDASPU REVERSA AVAR Xirvan E... Scutari Asia Minor SAUASCO JORGANIA Volga Russia SEMISO CASTELLE ... Hypsili CASAMA .. Simbirsk . 1 {- 7 Dneister On the Caspian GOTIA MAUMET West VRCAXIA ? Crimea Northern ASANGO West NOGULAUS In coast of Caspian coast of Caspian Russia northern Russia? .. TIFER Samson PIDEA ...

32 Alcarahuan (Cairuan) 24 Alcorn (Algiers) 25 Alcubil 39 Alcudia 25 Alechon (port near Danzig) 7 Alegranza 28 Alemania Sea 62 Alemafia 60 Alenda (Laaland) 11 Algarve 29 Algezer 25 Algezira 2. 8 Albirzibi 60 Albizibi 48 Alboch (Sierra Leone) 34 Alcaira (Cairo) 22. 36. 14. Mt 18 Aden 39 Admet (in Morocco) 26 Adromar (Hadramaut) 39 Afortunado lago (in Ireland) Altas 12 Africa 24 Agio de Senabar (near Babylon) Sierras Trasmontana del (Mts of Norway) 10.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES Abba (in Persia) Almedina 53 Abenbruc(Abrensbokin Holstein) Albernia. 26 Alixandreta 21 Alexandria 23 Aljezira 41 31 Almodasi 44 7 Abraren. eta 19 Aquisio (Kishm) 41. Mt 24 Archadia (Arcadia) 55 Ardeselib 35 Ardonep (Haderslev) 7 Arens 7 in . 35. 43 Antiocha 21 Antona 12 Antona (Ancona) 17 Ant roc. Mt 22 Absedelib 36 Achia (Achaia) 55 Acre Almena 14 Almaria (Almeria) 14 Androuar 42 Andujar Ancandia (Crete) Andine (in Scania) 9 Anogasia 56 Anpuria (Ampurias. 61 Amenuan (N. 6 Altas Sierras del Toro (Taurus Mts) 52 Alpes 21 Agerua. of Kong Mts?) 35 Amoc (Damot) 38 Ampurias 4 Andaluoja (Andalusia) 8 40 Airso (Tarsus) 21 Alargeo (on the Euphrates) 52 Albacio (on the Red Sea) 39 Al hernia. Bohemia de (Apennines) 15 Alpes Alemanie (the Alps) 16 Alpes Alsacie (the Vosges) 5. a county Catalonia) 4. 14 Ansera 40 Antarctic Pole 33. 52 Aquylea (Aquilea) 17 Ar river 46 Arabia 41 Aragania (in Canary Ids) 29 Aragon 3 Araoc 38 Arauia 48 Arbolea. Alps of 15 Albertara oasis 31 Albia 7.

52 Barna (Kama) 55 Barnachu (a port of Dagestan) 58 Arle (Aries) 6. of the Atlas. (in Danube) 18 Bocarda 45 Bacerta Bacu (Bakou) 58 Badajoz 2 Bafa 21 5 7 Avinon 6. Armonea (coast of ( river) Barrameda 2 Mt 24 Baxaja 43 Coromandel) 42 Arno Arno 1 Arruzuar(Hedevar on the Danube) 6 Artamua (Dartmouth) 13 Artania (Orkneys) 13 Artillo 42 Artuz fAarhus) 7 Aruasaxia 57 Arzilla 26 Asbora 25 Ascania 45 Asqida 35 Astorga 2 Asturias 2 Atalanes 27 Atologo 58 Auegazia 45 Bayona 3 Bayona la mayor Bayona la menor Beac 18 Biua Biuer Bocarin 46. Bay of 43 Bangalia 43 Barbaria (Bavaria) 6 Mt Boemia the Brasil Id 29 Balaxia 44 Baldac 54 Barca. Barbary coast) 23 Bretaria 5 Brischan 25 Bristol 12 Brujas (Bruges) 5 Buda (on the Danube*) 18 Buda (S. 50 1 Bilbao 3 Bira (on the Euphrates) 40 Biscaya 2 Bisuy'(Wisby) 10 Bizcaya 2 35 3 Betis (Guadalquivir) 2 Bezimarin 28 Avila 2 Babilonia (one of the four wards 3 Bediz 25 Beleen (Bethlehem) 5 Benateo 35 Bengala 43 Berberia 23 Berengan (near Savona) Bernia (Ibernia) Avandalia 8 Azeman 75 23 Barcelona 14 (Berenice.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES Argis 53 Argot (on the Euphrates) Arguer (Algiers) 25 46. 15 Armalec (Bengal) 43. 52 Armenia the less 20 Armenaque 4 Baruaria. 17 Brasara (Bussora) 52 Bremchon Baldaque (Bagdad) 40 Baltachinea (on the Volga) 59 Bandacha 40 Bangada. 48 Barleto 16 Armenia 21. La of Ibn Batuta) 30 Buda . 15 Axbran (Shirvan) 58 Axiongabel (Ezion Geber) 39 Ayamonte (Ayamonte) Azamow (Azamor) 26 Azocaque Strait 26 of Cairo) 23 Babilomia 40. 48 Boecia 55 Bagamos 18 7 Boescja 20 Bolona 15 Bona 24 Bona Andrea 23 Bondelet 62 Bondola (Bornholm) 1 Bondizmague (Stralsund) 7 Bonia (Dania badly copied) 7 Boxina (Bosnia) 17 Braga 3 Brahasa 24 Brandiza (Brindisi) 16. 46. on Hungary.

27 Caridae Islds 28 Carpi 58 Cartago the great 26 Casama (Kazan) 61 Ca^ar 53 Casoc Comania 52 . 51 Cerua Mts 56 Cataya Catifi el 44 quebir 31 5. 57 Conejos Id 29 Conisa 57 Compostela 2 Constantina 25 Contulicanchi 59 Coranchi (Novogorod) 59 Coranto (Corinth) 19 Corcega (Corsica) 24 Cordova 2 Coria 23. 62 6 Canaria (Gran Canada) 28 Can ben 35 Candebor 19 Candia 19 Capadocia 20 Caperti 53 Capiz 24 Caraol 58 Carena Mts (on the Azoff). 7 Columbaria Id 29 10.5 7 Colcos 20 55 Calabria 16 Camac 15 62 Cade Calahorra 2 Caldea 39. 6. 55 Cotamanfez 26 Cotrun 16 Coxi mocha 42 Creta 19.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES 76 Bugia 25 Burbena (Yiborg) 7 Burdeos 4 Burga (Bergamo) 15 Catalant (Courland) 8 Catania 16 Burgalensis 7 Burgaria 18 Burgos 2 Cato 46. 54 Crima 30 Cuenea 2 Cuervos marinos Culman Cumera 29. Cesalonica 56 Cesaria 21 Buxila 53 Buyder 28. 33 Byabalec (Peking) 44 Chalon 5 Chequimo 42 Cabat 42 Cabo Cabo Cabo Cabo Cabo de Buyder (Boyador) 28 de Gotia (Crimea) 56 da Na (Nun) 27 da Sant Bin 28 da Tus 56 Cabras. 46 Chontay 20 Chos (Kosseir) 39 Clamona (Cremona Ciudad Rodrigo 2 Cola (Giand) 11. 56. Cananea (Canaan) 22 Canardv (near mouth of the Don) Comanes Don and Sea Ship of 51. 53 Cafalhe (Cefalu) 16 Colanda Cahonia Cologane 35 Colon 19 Colon (Quilon) 42 Coloha 5. Id de 29 Chicobergis 9 Chiua (Kief) 9 Chipre 21. 40 Cales (Calais) 5 Caiman (Calmar) j 18 Casorama 60 Caspio 59 Caspios Montes 59 Castelle (Sinope) 57 Castilla Castillo de Got 47 Castillo de Magot 45 Castro ferrun 18 Castro marin 2 Castro Urdiales 3 Corincho 20 Corp (Glucksborg) Corga 42 Cortomar 44 7 Corueric (Colberg) 8 Costantina 25 Costantinopla 45. 36 8 28 Cunia (Iconium) 20 56 of .

58 Faxa Diepe Ferro Id 20 5 Dilini 42 Dirgales 12 Dodrec (Dordrecht) 5 Donbelin (Dublin) 12 Donfres (Dumfries) 11 21 Faquiz (port of Barbary) 24 Desierto de Egipto 32 Derebent (Derbent) 58 Diaschilo 58 Dongola 32 Dranoya 18 Drinayo 18. lake 9 Esclavonia (Slavonia) 17 Escleurza (on the Volga) 59 Escocia Damasco 22 Damesmare (Danish 22 Escalona (Ascalon) Sus) 27. 62 15 Flumen Magot (Hoang Ho) 45 Formeans 9 Forte-ventura (Canaries) 28 . Rio de 29 Daraze (Durazzo) 18 Dardasan 45 Dasia (Denmark) 7 Delini (Delhi) 42 Demonela 42 Descrion 22 Desierta Id 29 Estocal (Stockholm) 9. 29 la alta (Atlas 7 Ermon. 56 Dacia de Danes (Denmark) Dan 18 14 Eburut (Beirout) Egepta 22. 10. one of the Faroes) Etiopia 32. 40. now Poti) 57 Felicia (Cilicia) 20 Feradelfia (Phrygia) 20. 3 21 Escarse. Navarre) 4 22. 33 Eufrates 22.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES Cur R. in Hungary) 18 Flanders Florencia 5. 4. Tigris. 54 Eufrates 35. Dangola 32 Danoye 6 Danubio 6. Ebruc 6 Cut quo 21 77 Fexe riv. 33 Censor (Erzeroum) 57 Cepta (Ceuta) 33 Cerdena (Sardinia) 24 21 Eglesia 46. 36 Exia 22 Facolisia 45 Fadal 41 Famagoste (Cyprus) Fandeuz 7 (Phasis. Cape 62 Estela (Estella. 32 Egipto 22. 26 Fez 26 Finonia (Funen) 7. 52 Elbahac 34 Elmolac 34 El Portogallo (Oporto) 3 Enalco 34 Eneruic (York) Cesaria (Cesarea) 21 1 Cenana 18 Cialklia 20 Enrro 41 Entranto Otranto) 16 Cibdat Rodrigo 2 Ci^uenca (Liguenza) 2 Citilant (Shetland) 13 Cugia 24 (Jucia (al Erria W) Damiata 27 sea) 7 21 Dandora (Tonder. 56 Duero 2. Mt Dacja riv. 62 Firmia (Syrmia. also Kur or Cyrus 40 Curconia 8 Cale 26 Caragoga 16 Cepta 26. 56 7 1 Escondin (Stan Hedding) 11 Escorpe (Pomerania) 8 Espauor (on the Caspian) 59 Estanforda (Strangford) 22 Estarse. 62 Eterns (Ostero. 32 Dancicha (Danzig) 8 Slesvig) 7 Dara. 32 Cafi 26 Cucia Dulcecno (Dulcigno) Durazo (Durazzo) 19 Ebro 2.

13 Ierusalem 22 terrestrial paradise) 37 7 Gibraltar 14. 54 Girenti (Girgenti) 16 Jaen Giron 4 Glaoc (banks of the Nile) 38 Godaspa(shoresof the Caspian) [anglante (same as Ganglante) 62 51 Godiana 45 Godlandia 62 Gog and Magog 47 Golfathan (in Arabia Sabea) 42 Gomar (Comorin) 42 Gomera 28 Gomorra Goran 35 22 • Gotia 10. Granbaet (Cambay) 42 Guinea 30 in Gunsa (Winchelsea) 12 Guynoa (Guinea) 28. Dan) 21 Jordan 21 Jorgania (Gorgania) 5?.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES 78 Framisia 42 Francia 5 Granada Frenit 15 Frigia 20 Frisia 7 Grecia 17. Gulf of 7 Grimania (Germany) 6 Gabencolic 38 Grisna 8 Grisualdiz 7 Gropis 33 Gaera (Gaeta) 16 Gala (Galatia) 20 Gales (Wales) 12 2. 61 Gotia 56 Gotlandia 10 Gotonie 34 Gox riv. Sea of 38 Karispona 6 Lai rag (Irak. 26 Graciona 35 Januasferri(irongates)Derbent 58 Janula Id 46 Jara (Zara) 17 Jaua (Java) 43. 53 Guinea) 30 Ganbaden (Hebrew name of the Ganglante (Lang-eland) Gaona (in Amenuan) 7 35 Gataforda (Waterford) 12 Gazula (S. 14 Guadalquivir 2 Guadiana Galat 22 Gallizia 3. 30 of Hormicho (Ormuz) 13 Ganaarac (one of the ports Canara) 42 Ganabe (Mt and capital 41. land of 22. 13 Galipoli 55 3. 54 Gregis (Georgia) 58 Gresa (Canaries) 28 Frisa. Name phrates) 22 of Eu- .W. 3 Guardamar 2 Gudaspu (on the Caspian) 59 Galicia 3. of Atlas) 27. Raab?)i8 Jaurin (Id in the Danube) 18 Jerusalem 21 J Gorgania 57 Got 47 Got y Magot 47 2 or (source of Jordan. 26 Gide (Jiddah) 39 Gigar (coast of Barbary) 25 Gion (Gihon. 52. River of the terrestrial paradise) 38 Girazo (Girace in the kingdom of Naples) 16 India la alta (Eastern India) 48 India la arenosa (Rajputana and Delhi) 49 India la baixa (Beluchistan and Sind) 49 Infierno Id 28 Infurent 29 Inglaterra 12 Irlanda 12 Isauria (in Asia Minor) 20 Jafa 21 Jafet. 33 Genoua (Genoa) 15 Germania Ibernia 12. 58 Jorjaman (in Persia) 53 Judea 22 Judea. 44 Jauales (in Java) 44 Jaurin (on the Danube.

59 15 Mons Arbolea 52 Baruaria (in (in Sardinia) 24 Sardinia) 24 Monscaor (Moscow) Mons Organ \ Malascort 52 Tamar Malaxa 52 Timer Malican 35 Pirus [ J j J 61 . 51. 3 15 Londis 62 Londres 12 Longauisa 45 Lualaxa 54 Lubec (Lubeck) 7 Lucdevic (Lyons) 6 Luchon 23 Luna Mts 34. Median (Mecca) 16 41 Mediolanensis (Milan) 15 Menovar 44 Merma 31 Micali 56 Miquynez (Mequinez) 26 Miraforda (Milford) 12 Mocena 25 Moconia (Moscovia?) 60 Modogor (Mogador) 27 Mogoles 44 55 Lunbrec 9 Lusin Mecina (Messina) Macedonia 55 Magesno 18 Mogolin 48 Monago (Monaco) Moncaspi 42 Monopoli 16 Mon de Barca 23 Made 39 Maganga Mondohedo Mondragon 61 riv. Van?) 53 Marruecos 26. of Atlas) 30 Mesenbez (Euxine) 55 Mesopotamia 40 Lisboa 2. king- dom Monimenti Monpesler of Naples) 16 46. 56 Letedemonia 56 Maumet Libano 21 Mauro Castro (Akerman) 56 Ligem 24 (on the Caspian) 59 56 Mayorcas 25 Limogines 4 Maxa Lini 42 Maxar (between Orenburg and Moscow) 60 Lirri 34 (the Meuse) 5 Maxate (on the Tigris) 52 Liser (Id Baltic) 1 Litefama (Revel) 8 Lobo Id 29 Lobo 56 Lodomago (on the Euxine) 55 Loira (Gulf) 5 Meca (Muscat) 39 Lombardy Mesca(S. Lusur 56 25 Magasor 37 Magodiana 45 Magot 45 Mabobar (Malabar) 42 Maguer 30 Mahumen (Mohammera) Malaga 14 Malagona 15 15 2 16 Monfrodoye (Manfredonia.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES Laiso 20 Lajuza (a part of Cairo) 23 Lamiso (Limasol) 21 Lanzarote (Canaries) 28 Landis (Lund) 9 La Rasy (Larache) 26 Kazan) 61 Leuduena (Lyons) 15 Lecmane (Madeira) 29 Leobec (Lubeck) 5 Lasac (in Leon 2 Leon (Lyons) 6 Leon (Limburg) 79 Mallorcas 25 Malsa (capital of Prester John) 36 Manbrot 44 Manjie Id 49 Manola 32 Marbaxa 19 Marcargis (L. 33 Marsargis (Lake Maraga) 53 Marsella 15 Mascarota (in the Atlas) 29 Materga (in the Strait of Keitch) 9 Letania 45.

32. 14 Narent (in Dalmatia) 18 Nasecor (in Albania) 19 Nasol 52 Naturi 19 Navarra 3 Napoli (Nauplia) 19 Neapoli 19 Negra (on the Euphrates) 52 Negroponte 19. 54 Nidroxia (Trondheim) Nife (in Morocco) 26 10 Nigropila 56 Nilo (Nile) 31 Nilus (Nile) 22.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES So Monfalcon (in Mesopotamia) 40 Morania (on the Upper Nile) 2 Ostia 16 38 Morea 19. 34 Ortodoxis ? 37 5 Pidea (on the Euxine) 60 Pidea (on the Don) 56 Pinga R. 54 Moroa 44 Oviedo 2 Oxanap (Java) 43 Oxilia (in the Baltic) 10 Morrosia (China) 45 Murcia 2 Muluya riv. (affluent of Danube) Pirus. 10 Noxia (in Bohemia) 8 Nu (Dwina R.) Pescara 16. 17 Paradysus 49 Parayso Terrenal Parenzo 17 Pari 16 Paris 5 Parus (Epirus) 56 Paschar 42. 61 Patania 6 Patrimonio (States of the Church) 16 Patris (Patras) 19 Pauia (Pavia) 15 Perdidas. 56 Pisa (Pisa) 15 Pison riv. Mt («. 17 Pesonta 57 Picardia (Picardy) 56 Pirineos Mts 4 Mt 31 Pirus (Epirus) 18. 33 16 Narbona (Narbonne) 5. lslas 28 Perineos 4 Persia 50 Persians 52 Orens (Orense) 2 Orga 44 Organ. 37 Polonia (Poland) 8 Pontevedra 3. 32. 13 . 35. 31. 51 Normandia 5 Noruega (Norway) 7. Oadac (river of Africa) 32 Oca (on the Nile) 38 Oran 25 Orbe (on the Tigris) 52 33. 35 Niniue (Nineveh) 40 Niquia (Nice) Nista (Nice) 15 Nogarado (Novgorod) 60 Nogulaus 61 Noncla 42 Norgancio 46. Rio de 28. 38 Piteos 4 Plasencia 2 Plazencia 5 Policastro (in kingdom of Naples) 16 Polo Antarctico 33. 48. 33 Numedia 25 Nycroxia (Nicosia) 21 Pamplona 3 Panfilia (Pamphilia) 20 Panona 42 Panonia 6. 31. 36 1 31 Organ a 31 Ormi 53 Oro.) 60 Nubia 32. 26 Mutam Orzia 32 Osma Padita (Padua) 15 Palencja 2 19 Muzour 59 Palermo 16 Myrrin Palestina 21 Palola (Nile lake) 32 Palola (in Tremesin) 34 Palolimen (near Scutari) 58 Palonia (Poland) 3 18 Na (Cape Nun) Napol 27.

1 Rumenia 9 Rusna 42 Sabba (Arabia Sabea) 42 Sacam 12 53 Proencia (Provence) 15 Puerto del Fierro (Derbent) 58 Puerto Magro (Barbary coast) 23 Puerto de la Risa (El Araish) 22 Puerto de Roma (Ostia) 16 Puerto Santo Id 29 Pulla (Apulia) 16 Pyrenean Mountains 3 (Suakin) 39 Saina (the Seine) 5 Saladino (Varasdin) 18 Salamanca 2 Salanda (Zeeland) 11 Salandi (Copenhagen) 11 Salandia 53. 7 Sarmagant 46 Sarmagante (on the Caspian) Scim kingdom Scim 23 46. 62 Saldania (Sultanieh) 53 Salerno 16 Salonico (Salonica) 54 Salvaje Id 29 Samalo (St Malo) 5 Samaria 20 Samasco (on the Euxine) 57 Sangu (west shore of Caspian) Ouillan 59 Quinisonda 57 Quible 33 Raansinlia (on the Caspian) 51 Raba (Raab) 17. 59 Sarax (Sarajevo) 61 Sarax (Persepolis) 53 Saraynos (People of the Uzbegs) 15. 3 Santa Sedra 16 San bin 28.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES Roxeto 23 Roxia (Russia) 60 Ruedano (the Rhone) Porto novel (Alexandretta) 21 Portugal 3 Portogallo 2. 56 Rabesa 8l (affluent of Danube) 56 Rachan (Canaries) 28 Rahasa (in Tunis) 24 Rasquipiz (on the Red Sea) 39 17. 48 Sgin (Siam) Sebur (on the Volga) 60 Segoula (Segovia) 2 Segura 2 Semiso 57 Sena (Sienna) 17 48. Sanmac (St Malo) 4 Santa Maria (in Poland) 8 Santander 3. 33 Santestropoli 57 Rastello (in Persia) 53 San Jorge (Azores) 29 Rauena (Ravenna) Raxy 26 Rayna 7 Santnurio (Sandomir) 8 San Sebastian 3 Saona (Savona) 15 Saploya Oasis 31 Sare (R. . 58 Roan (Rouen) 1 5 Rochela 4 Roda (a division Rodas (Rhodes) of Cairo) 23 19 Roderin (in Sweden) 9 Rois (Ross in Ireland) 12 Roma 15 Romana 16 Rosgot (Rostock) Rotragis M. 21 Santarem 2. 17 Recrea (Heraclia) 55 Regis (Bergen) 10 Repeleta (Antioch) 21 Rexos Mts 56 Rezo 16 Ribas aluas 23 Ribate 26 Rinalia 8 58 Rinus 5 Rio de Oro (Senegal) 33 Risa 22 Sarma 38 Risent (Ringsted) 52 Satalia 19 Sauasco (Sivas) 20. 52 Sara (on the Caspian) 45. Posna (Posen) 8 Praga (Prague) 8 Premua (Plymouth) Premua (in Persia) and 6. 46. K. B. Save) 17 Sara de Baen (Caspian) 51. 3 Posga Save between Drave) 18 (r.

14 Tortosa (in Syria) 21 Toscana (Tuscany) 15 Tralidero (in the Red Sea^ 39 Sur (R. 52 Torquia (Asia Minor) 19 Tortosa (in Aragon) 3. Tafilet) Surenti (Sorrento) 16 Suria (Syria) 21 (r. 49 Trimisin 32 Triplicana Mts 24 Tripul (Tripoli in Barbary) 23 Tripul (Tripoli in Syria) 21. of Atlas) 30 Tiberia (Tiberias) 21 Tibre (Tiber) 15 Tifer (Tver) 59 Tigris 51. Asia Minor) 52 Suscar (Susa) 52 Syras (Sari in Mazanderan) 54 Tamar Mt 31 Tana (in Sea of Azoff) 56 52. 54 . 61 Tremecen 25. (R. Tocoron 30 Toledo 2 Tolometa (Ptolemais) 23 Trapana (Trapani) 16 Trapesonda (Trebizond) 52. 52 Tille Id 11 Signa Sordepin (in Tholosa (Toulouse) 4 Timer Mt Sweden) 62 31 Tinez 9 Tir (affluent of Volga) 60 Soria 2 Sorfaxa 44 Sormences (Sodermania) 62 Spalonero (Ispahan) 53 Spaor (Ispahan) 53 Stalea (Scalia— Naples) 16 Stocol (Stockholm) 62 Strugonum Suava 9 Tauser 31 Tenerifiz (Tenerife) 28 Tenexe (eastern delta of Nile) 22 Tensse (in Algiers) 25 Thesi (in Persia) 53 (in Hungary) Sucja 21 Sueuia (Sweden) Sufragia 56 9. 14 Tartaria (Mongolia) 45 Tartaros 42 Tascaor (in Russia) 60 Siras (Shiraz) 53 Sirca (in Bohemia) 8 Siria 21 Sodoma 22 Solanda (Zeeland) 5 Solin (in Syria) 21. 59 Trasmontana (Norway Mts) 9. of Atlas. Don) riv. 56 9 Tanay Lake 60 Tanay R. 45 Solin (in China) 6 Tibalbert (S. 53 40. 57 Trapouana (Sumatra ?) 43 Trareoza (in the Morea) 19 Trascargo 46. 57 Tanjar (Tangiers) 26 Tarabuc 23 Taracena (Terracina) 16 Tarante (Tarento) 16 Sersel 25 Seruia 18 Sevilla Tana Tanaiz and Dneister) 61 62 Seyr (Mount Seir) 22 Sigcia (Scythia) 60 Tarifa 13 Sicrocra 41 Sidan 30 Tarragona 14 Tarsa (in Sweden) 9 Danube and (between Save) 18 Signe (r. 30 Tremisin (region of the Nile) 31 Triesa (Trieste) 17 Trimic 48. 3 Toris (Tabriz) Toro mountains 29 Surmena Tolosa (Toulouse) 4 Tordaor (in China) 45 18 62 Sulgumenca(S. in Navarre) 4. 2. in Navarre) 4 Siguenza 2 Silia (Cilicia) 20 Siluana 61 Silue (Silves in Algarve) 2 Sinbichon (in Dalmatia) 18. Cyrus or Kur) Surdepinche (Sonderkoping) 10 Tabasum Sea 48 Tagojar 48 Tajo R.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES 82 Septen castra (between Dneiper Serayn (on the Red Sea) 39 Serrans (in Persia) 53 2. 19 Sinca (r.

62 Yude (Red Sea) 39 (in Zaragoza 3. 17. 51 57 17. 14 Zchilazo (Squillace) 16 Zichialhamera 29 Zinzibar (Socotro) 39 Zunara (in Gulf of Syrtis) 23 . Novgorod) 61 (near Blue Nile) 38 Tusna (on the Danube) 6 Tuy Xaloac (in Pegu) 44 Xaxonia (Saxony) 7 2 Uegimar (Guimar Ungradia 9 in Tenerife) 28 Ungria (Hungary) 6.ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF PLACES 83 Tronde (Trondheim) 10 Troya (Troy) 20 Ventura Id 29 Vera Grecia (coast of Bulgaria) Trunberec (Tonsberg) 10 Tudela 3. 18 Ur Drave) (affluent of the Uxbeco (Uzbegs) Uxleto 56. Xorman (in Russia) 60 Ymeria (Limerick) 56 Yrcania Valencia (in Aragon) 14 Vandalor (Vistula) 8 Zahara (Sahara) 29 Zainatana 27 Var Zamora 2 Zanon 35 16 Varispona (Ratisbon) Varadino (Waradin) 9 Vcibant (in Poland) 8 Vecjna (Widdin) 6 Vecine (Widdin) 56 Venecia (Venice) 17 12 Russia) 61 Ystat (in Sweden) 9. 4 Tuniz 24 Veruic (Berwick) Viana (Vienna) 6 Viguy 42 Turbo (Dneister) 56 Virona 9 Vitilia 20 Turquia (Asia Minor) 19 Turonie (Vistula) 8 Tus Cape Vnda 35 Vogarado 56 Vyma Tusi 42 1 (E.

Lofty mountains whence come the four rivers of the paradise 35 terrestrial Equable temperature 37 A ARCTIC REGIONS. to In the 1 a galley in same vessel Venice and Dalmatian coast 17 Along the African coast in a panfilo passing Cape Boyador 28 In a Iciio to visit Atlantic Isles 28 at Gazula because was pleasant 33 it to Genoese the Nile merchants Saw and heard marvellous things in the country of Prester John 36 At Mecca 41 Went on board a ship with some merchants to Java 44 Crossed Mongolia in caravans of merchants 50. Column to Constantine 55 DAMIETTA. Ships from India pay a toll 39 ARARAT. tween them the Iron Gates 47 . from which city he started 62 CAIRO. where the ark of Noe arrived when it escaped the universal deluge. Theyearmakes one day for another six months.INDEX REFERRING TO THE AUTHOR'S PERSONALITY AND TO MENTIONS OF HISTORICAL EVENTS. attempts to as- cend it 52 antarctic POLE. six months night 10 Great bears and wild beasts 61 AUTHOR. Four divisions of the town 23 Al Melek Nassen crowned there 1271 22 Two routes to 45 Question of the burial place of the three Kings 5 CONSTANTINOPLE. 51 Describes St Sophia 55 Leaves Sweden. embarking German cocca 62 Return to Seville. LEGENDS OR THEORIES ADEN. — One escaped fate unknown 36 In 1 29 1 the son of the leader Vivaldo went in search of ship his father y] GOG and MAGOG BeCastles. His birth Went on board Sicily. COLOGNE. GENOESE. People at the Antipodes black 43 and From Dongola Expedition Amenuan wrecked in 1281. Here the Red Sea begins. at With some Moors on camels to the King of Guinea 29 In an armed galley of Moors to Sierra Leone 33 Stayed with 32 in a great land. Mountain of salt stone as white as crystal. Church of St Sophia. Defeat of St Louis 22 CATHAY.

26 . The enchanted lake 12 Meat and milk plentiful. 1340 14 or MONGOLIA. Ants as large as cats. only islands as in the great the western Cathay sea." named from its Really so the Romans three towns. and Tripoli 23 TROV. at Zanarain the Gulf of Syrtis. Iron gates between two castles. Only food of the people. A 3. Praise of the people 49 TREMECEN on the Barbary coast Tibet between Bugia and Melilla 25. King of Morocco. Died 1335 54 PRESTER JOHN. First placed Abyssinia 37 in seolus Mungo) 46 Numberless horses. Alfonso 35 Battle between XI and Abu-1- 28 Oct.^ INDEX Trees which bear very ICELAND. Narrow Name RIO DEL ORO. Great fighters. Some say it covers all the world up to the western sea 43 There is no news of any land. Their conquest of Andalusia and Mauritania 8. Alexander could not conquer them 47 Fourth part of the earth enclosed 48 (or Trimic). MOUNTAINS OF THE 34 One branch flows to the west and forms the Rio del Oro. "So called because bounded by the Triplicana mountains. sea. A mistake. of Defeat Abu-1Hasan Ali by Ahmed (of the Almohades) in 1348. the bottom consisting of red ochre 39 birds for fruit 13 BENASCAYT (ABU His capital War with SAID). between the two branches 32 NORWAY. Conquest of Flanders by a Prince of in the time of Arthur of Britain 10 Animals 10 PERSIA. the other through Egypt and enters the sea Dongola is at Damietta. Bengazi and Tolometa in Cyrenaica. from Hasan. surrounded by mountains. pepper. OEA. the Uzbegs. latest date in the book 24 MAROCCO. Gold found in ant hills. is the end of the face of the earth in the line of Spain Supposed branch of the Nile. Bonandrea. They gather spices. No town for 65 days. Tribes with flocks. meat. NILE. and odoriferous gums 44 Great griffins and cockatrices 43 kairwan. Surrounded by mountains. of Tabriz. really the Senegal 33 Great beasts yielding ivory. Ireland. fat red INDIAN SEA a branch which joins eastern sea.1 fugitive King of Tremegen founded Buda 30 Tripoli. by lepta and sabrara 24 The author was at Trabach. destroyed by Menelaus King of the Greeks 20 vandals. Ambergris Salinas de las. milk. entrance. and a millet called tnonos (Pha- TARTARIA bread scarce 13 Woman very beautiful though very simple 13 iron gates (see tartaria) Populous Island but no cities as all the people live in the country. supposing it to have been the Carthage conquered by Scipio 26 Tomb of the exiled King of Seville (109 1 ) at Aghmat 27 MOON. 45 Java.

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By Don Ferdinando de Soto. Index. (Out of print.) With a — Commentary by Thomas Rundall.) Issued for 1854. pp.S.R. 1595 and 1596. [By Sir Francis the Younger. next Voyage to that to Nombre de Dios.S. Ixvii. =No. 14 out of print. Being his Drake. in H. Adams. British ( Museum. F. 16— The World Encompassed by Sir Francis Drake. in many Voyages to that locality. 147. Compiled by the Padre Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza. 116.) 13-A True Vol. With an Appendix containing Extracts from the Log of Captain Middleton on his Voyage for the Discovery of the North-west Passage.. Parke. . (Out ofprint. 2 Illus." in 1741-3.. by Richard Henry Major. Edited by John Barrow. I. in all the action. between the years 1727 and 1751. 14-15— The History of the Great and Mighty Kingdom of China and the Situation Thereof. & in 1609 translated into English Edited by Charles Tilstone Beke. 54. xxxviii. Being the Remarks of Captain W. British Museum. pp.S. employed Portuguese by Richard Hakluyt. Keeper of Maps. MSS.. Index. Issued for 1850. 2. Sec. clxii. and their safe return in two open boats. 1. 1611 to 1617. Ambassador from the Court of Germany to the Grand Prince Vasiley Ivanovich. 5 Illus. Maps. Being a Translation from the Earliest Account of that Country. Out ofprint.G. 12. F. and Introduction.G. I Map. 295 1 Map.) 1 Map. 10. 11— The Geography of Hudson's Bay.] Collated with an unpublished Manuscript of Francis Chaplain to the Expedition. F.. Written and translated out of Reprinted from the edition of 161 1. & a Translation of a Narrative of the Expedition by Luis Hernandez de Biedma. 4 Maps. 6249. iv. 12— Notes upon (Vol. Edited with Notes & an Introduction. ) Issued for 1853. Published at Amsterdam in 1598. pp.. pp.S. 1 Illus. British Museum. R. Index. British Museum.S.P. pp..A. Keeper of Coins.D. undertaken by the Dutch in the years 1594. With an Introduction by Richard Henry Major. pp. In the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. 10— Notes upon Russia. Factor to the same. by a Gentleman of Elvas.S. F. Coats. Issued for 1852.S.) (Out of print. Sec. Harl. 186.R. by the Baron Sigismund von Herberstein. Issuedfor 1855. {Out of prhit.A.V 8— Memorials of the Empire of Japon.) pp. 2= No. Keeper of Printed Books. Keeper of Maps. entitled Rerum Muscoviticarum Commentarii. 266. M. (Vol. Staunton. Index.) Issuedfor 1852. v.. Russia. 200. 9 -The Discovery and Conquest of Terra Florida.S. F.) Issued for 1851. Bart. {Vol. cxlii. "Furnace.S. Ph. (Out ofprint. Index. With Appendices illustrative of same Voyage. R. 291. by William Sandys Wright Fletcher. Translated and Edited with Notes & an Introduction.A.. 2 Description of Three Voyages by the North-East. & six hundred Spaniards his followers. the Vaux. By Gerrit de Veer. (The Kingdome of Taponia. Towards Cathay and China. The Letters of Wm. in the years 1517 and 1526. & now reprinted from Edited by SIR Gkokge Thomas the Early Translation of R. R. by William Brenchley Rye. xl. F.) Issued for 1851. by William Philip. Index. S. 12 Illus. their residence often months in Novaya Zemlya. with their Discovery of Spitzbergen.M. x. See also No.A. F. 1 vols. Vol.

G. D.. with some Now first Translated and Edited by particulars of the Island of Canary. 39. Keeper of Maps. 83. Issuedfor 1858. Knt. Persian. Amazons.. Including the two Journeys into Tartary of Father Ferdinand Verbiest. By Samuel 1599-1602. By Girolamo Benzoni.S. Index.G. pp. Containing . and God's Power and Providence in the Preservation of Eight Men in Greenland Nine Moneths and Twelve Dayes. 288.A. Bibliography. Being the Second Voyage set forth by the Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies. With an Introduction by Richard Henry Major. from the Royal Commentaries of Garcilasso Inca de la Vega . pp. 18. Issued for 1856. Index. 2 Maps.) Issuedfor 1855. R. Translated and Edited by the Eari. 1671 a Translation from Isaac de i. with 4 Maps and 5 Illustrations. F.India in the Fifteenth Century.Russia at the Close of the Sixteenth Century. of Milan.S. cxxxiv. Edited by Adam Whitf. Giles Fletcher.L. To which is added Father Pereira's Journey into Tartary in the suite of the same Emperor. xv. Travels in America. (Out ofprint. {Out ofprint.F. In the years Champlain. Norton Shaw. Issued for 1857. 32. Translated and Edited by Sir ex-Pres. From the Dutch of NjCOLAAS WlTSEN. Keeper of Maps. F. pp.S. of 1606.S. the Treatise. Issued for 1857. Sec. now for the first Comprising Edited by Sir Edward Augustus time printed entire from his own MS.S. 3 Illus. xi. {Out ofprint).A. 1639. of the New World. . 3 Maps.re's Histoire du Greenland. 23 Narrative of a Voyage to the West Indies and Mexico. the Portuguese discovery of the Cape of Good Hope Now first Translated into English. 48. F. lxiv. Edited Russian. 153. 10.d. 392. Edited by with a Biographical Notice and Notes by Alice Wilmeke. viii. Index. of the Company of Jesus.S.esmkke. 280. Makkham.a Peyrk. 1688. pp. Principal Librarian of the British Museum. and the Travels of Sir Jerome Horsey. From the French of Pere Pikrrr Joseph d 'Ok leans. from the General History of Herrera and the Voyage of Cristoval de Acufia. Translated from the original and unpublished Manuscript. xvi. 1539. 190. M..C. 52.B. of the British Museum. R. pp. the Voyage of Francisco de Orellana. Britisli Museum.R.R. 1541 to 1556.C. 49. From the (rare) Edition Annotated and Edited by Bolton Corney. 1663. Comprising a Translation from F.B. pp.A Collection of Documents on Spitzbergen and Greenland. in the suite of the Emperor Kang-IIi.S. 1540. xc. and Italian Sources.. 21— History Showing his 22. 24— Expeditions into the Valley of the Amazons. "The Russe Commonwealth" by Dr.. K.C. F. .S.L. Martens' Voyage to Spitzbergen.. with an Introduction bv Richard Henry Major. Being a Collection of Narratives of Voyages to India in the century preceding from Latin.) Issuedfor 1S58.. vi. from a.R. K. 20. K. 19— The Voyage of Sir Henry Middleton to Bantam and the Maluco Islands. 19 Illus. Index. 1630. British Museum. pp. the Journey of Gonzalo Pizarro. Admiral William Henry Smyih. R.VI 17— The History of the Two Tartar Conquerors of China. iv. . Index. Index. Bond. of Eli. pp. xcix.. Clements I Map. List of Tribes in the Valley of the Issued for 1859. Issuedfor 1856.

S.S. K. as published at Paris in 1839. by the Rev. 30— The Discoveries of the World From their first orginal unto the year of our Lord 1555. 32— The Travels of Ludovico di Varthema In Egypt. 200. Yule.C. & an introductory Life 01 Timour Beg. George Percy Badger. C. Markham. Principal Librarian of the British Museum. Issued for i860. of the Societe de With the addition of a Commentary. 1607-13. called Australia.G. ex-Pres. F.. R. R.S..G. British Museum.. Issued for 1862. and edited by pp. 1 Illus.B. of the Order of Preachers & Bishop East. 1403-6. by William Bollaert.D. Collected.. I. in the National Library at Madrid. F.B. 292.. 1503 to 1508. 321. & published in England by Richard Hakluyt." With an Introduction by Sir 1627. Now reprinted.. Maps. In search of El Dorado and Omagua. A. Index. 242. 29-The Life and Acts of Don Alonzo Enriquez de Guzman.A. Clements R.S.G. Issued for 1861. 1 Map. 28— The Expedition of Pedro de Ursua and Lope de Aguirre. pp. 15 18 to 1543. Index. Edited with an Introduction by Richard Henry Major.d.R.S. in the Recueil de Voyages et de Me/notres. 1 Map. illustrative of the history of discovery on the coasts of that vast Island. Admiral Charles Ramsay Drinkwater Bethune. Persia.R. Markham. Translated for the first time with Notes.) Issued for 1859. F. A Knight of Seville. & annotated with an Introduction by George Michael Asher. Arabia. Issued for 1862. LL. with the original Portuguese text (1563). R. F. A Collection of documents. pp. de Sousa Tavares. 68. ex-Pres. 26— Narrative of the Embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the Court of Timoup. xviii.B. Issuedfor 1863. lvi. Index. pp. Governor of Ternate. xxxv. by Sir Clements R. A. Syria.C. C. The Wonders of the By Friar Jordanus. Translated from Fray Pedro Simon's " Sixth Historical Notice of the Conquest of Tierra Firme.R. in 1560-61. F. The Original Documents in which his career is recorded..B. a Preface. pp. . Notes and an Introduction by Sir Clements R. Sec.D. Edited.R. of the Order of Santiago.Vll 25— Early Voyages Now to Terra Australis. K. 1601. K. cxix.S. 27— Henry Hudson the Navigator. 31— Mirabilia Deseripta. lii 237. ccxviii.S. iv. R. Keeper of Maps.G. Translated With from an original & inedited MS. quoted. 200. by Col. cxxi. By Antonio Galvano. pp. from the beginning of the Sixteenth Century to the time of Captain Cook. iv. A. ex-Pres. pp. India. and extracts from early MS. & . with a Preface. K.d. [Edited by F.] Corrected.. R. Index. Bibliography.. viiii. 2 Maps.S.B. Translated from the Latin Original. pp. partly Translated. at Samareand. Markham. & Ethiopia. Translated from the original Italian edition of 1 510. circa 1330. 13. Sir Henry Geographic Issued for 1863. 5 Maps. of Columbum in India the Greater.C.S..S.G. (Out of print. by John Winter Jones. a. Issued for i860. 168.C.E.S. F. I Map. with Notes & an Introduction.

describing his Voyage through the Torres Straits.) From 34— Narrative of the Proceedings of Pedrarias Davila In the Provinces of Tierra Firme or Castilla del Oro.C. (Vol. R. Japan. With Selections from MS. 3 Illus. 1 Map. Markham.I. 2 vols. Moluccas. 1609. lxxvii. (Vol. 1 Illus.. K. 45. Issued for 1S65.B.C.R. by Sir Clements Vol. R. by Duarte Barbosa. . by Sir Clements R. tion. xxiv.B.West. containing an Account of his Expedition to Translated from the original Spanish by Don Honduras in 1525-26. A. 1 ( Out of print. xxvi. Translated and Edited. with Notes Lord STANLEY OF ALDERLEY. In search of a Passage to Cathaia & India by the North. Index. Siam. By George BtST. an Introduction.. 2 Illus. Translated from an early Spanish manuscript in the Barcelona Library. xvi. 2 Illus. [Out of print. at the close of the 16th Century.C.= No. Office. F... 35— A Description of the Coasts of East Africa and Malabar In the beginning of the Sixteenth Century. 2 Maps. R. xxix.) & of the Yneas.G. ) 38— The Three Voyages Issued for 1 866.D.. Issued for 1869. ex-I'res. 43S. Translated from the Spanish. pp. accom- Translated from the Portuguese. Reprinted from the First Edition of Hakluyt's Voyages. 2 = No. K. with Notes R..C.C. & of the discovery of the South Sea and the Coasts of Peru and Nicaragua. xvi. Markham. 3 Maps. contained in the first part of Translated & Edited. Written by the Adelantado Translated and Edited. Index. ex-Pres. T«> the 41— The Royal Commentaries By the Ynca Garcilasso de la Vega. A. Cambodia. Translated and Edited by Colonel Sir Henry Yule. Issuedfor 1865.S.VI 11 33— The Travels of Pedro de Cieza de Leon. pp. Markham.S. 1532-50. a Portuguese. 36-37 Cathay and the Way Thither.G. 336. 359.D. Index. & an Introduction.B. Issuedfor 1867. by Lord Stanley of Alderley. the Gulf of Darien to the City of La Plata. by Sir Clements R. pp. 39— The Philippine Islands. K. xi.G. with Notes & a Preface. 431. Pascual de Gayangos. C. of Sir Martin Frobisher.S. 1554). 376. Being a Collection of medieval notices of China.R.E. 156. pp. Issued for 1869. 430. from the panied by original documents. SS. Index. 2. xi. R. with Notes & an IntroducPascual de Andagoya. lvii. Issued for 1868. 40—The Fifth Letter of Hernan Cortes Emperor Charles V. previous to the Sixteenth Century.S. pp. F.B.) pp. Index. by xxxv.) ex-Pres. Index. 1.S. Issuedfor 1868.. 1 Map! Index. . by Lord Stanley of Alderley. 2 Illus. With a preliminary Essay on the intercourse between China & the Western Nations previous to the discover) of the Cape Route. Documents in the British Museum & State Paper Edited by Admiral Sir Richard Collinson. (Books I.B. 1576-8.S. Bibliography. and China. And & an Introduction. 68. and a Letter from Luis Vaez de Torres. By Antonio de Morga. pp. of Vasco da Gama. K. K.S. F. with Notes & a Preface. -IV. with Notes his Chronicle of Peru (Antwerp.. Lendas da India of Caspar Correa 42— The Three Voyages his Viceroyalty. Index. pp. Index. Issued for 1864.R.

.G. Translated from the original Spanish MSS. I. pp. and Sixteenth centuries. 1 Map.S. 2 Maps.S.G.S.B. Markham.. No.. Second Edition.S. George Percy Badger.S A.. by Mtssire Jean de Bethencourt. with Notes and Introduction. 45— The Royal Commentaries of the Yncas.G. pp.K.D. with a continuation of the History down to 1870. Translated and Edited by Issuedfor 1873. 3 Maps. By SaliL-Ibn-Razik. Sec. K. an Introduction. Tianslated & Edited. xvii. Issuedfor 1874. R. British Museum. Index. Nicolo & Antonio Zeno. and annotated by Sir Richard Francis Burton. To 51— The Captivity of Hans Stade of Hesse in 1547-55. R. with an Introduction. pp. Sec. Comprising the latest known accounts of the Lost Colony of Greenland.S. cxxviii. pp.. in the Fifteenth Charles Grey. Translated & Edited with Notes.. xcvi. and by E. 47— Reports on the Discovery of Peru. Issued for 1872. Letter of Hernando Pizarro to the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo.S. Keeper of Maps. 1 Map. Index. ciii. of Rio de Janiero. Iv. 229. M. by Lord Stanley of Alderley. (First Edition = No. xi. 2 Illus. xxii. 175. pp. R.G. Composed by Pierre Bontier and Jean le Verrier. R. 48— Narratives of the Rites and Laws of the Yncas.C. 41. R. Secretary to Francisco Pizarro. 1 Map. the Ynca Garcilasso de la Vega. Issued for 1871.S. 169. with Notes & an Introduction.G. 49 -Travels to Tana and Persia.G. F. Index. xx. R. Among the .B. Keeper of Maps.B. by Sir Clements R. F.. 64. and Edited. Kt.) With other Original Documents 44— History of the Imams and Seyyids of 'Oman.C.IX 43— Select Letters of Christopher Columbus. and Edited. I Illus. & an Analytical Index. A.R. iv. British Museum. Index. relating to his Four Voyages to the New World.S. I. & Edited. l>y Sir Clements R. Issuedfor 1873. by Richard Henry Major.. F.. K. 50— The Voyages of the Venetian Brothers.) By = I 46— The Canarian. Translated and Edited by Richard Henry Major.S. A. Roy.S. Sec. 143. II. sued /or 1871. Transl aed and Edited by Richard Henry Major. with Notes and an Introduction. K.. II. (Vol. Index. (Books V. Markham. 142. Translated by Albert Tootal. by the Rev. Or Book of the Conquest and Conveision of the Canarians in the year 1402. IV. the Northern Seas in the Fourteen! h century. pp. graphy. BiblioIssued for 1870.S. Issued for 1S70. Report of Francisco de Xeres. A Narrative of Italian Travels in Persia..C. Repor of Miguel de Astete on the Expedition to Pachacamac. & of the rvorthmen in America before Columbus. Translated from the Italian by William Thomas.-IX.G. pp. pp. Kerper of Maps. 661-1856. ex-Pres. ex-Pres. F. III.R. 435. Wild Tribes of Eastern Brazil. 2. Report of Pedro Sancho on the Partition of the Ransom of Atahuallpa. Index. pp. F. Markham. Iran^laicO and Edited. 553. ex-Pres. from Translated from the original A.A. Clerk of the Council to Edward VI. F. F. 231. Issued for 1872. Arabic. Vol. Index.S. By Josafa Barbaro and Ambrogio Contarini. R. 220.) pp.G. by Sir Clkmems R. British Museum.C. K. Bibliography.

S. xxii. E. Neumann. 3=No. The Map Called by Shakspere " To ot the World.B.C. K. xxxii. Translated from the Heidelberg Edited in 1859 by . R.C. 1. & a Preface.B.] Edited by Sir Clements R. 53. Markham. to seek the North-West Passage. 12 Illus. Notes by the Translator & Editor. Bibliography. i=No. Edited by Sir Clements R. (Index in No.52-The First Voyage Round the World by Magellan. •54-The Three Voyages of William Barents 1595. 59 Edited by The Voyages and WorKS of John Davis the Navigator. Index.N. Knt.) Beynen. 2 Illus. 1. Accompanied by original Documents.R. F. 289..R. BkUUN. Issued for 1877. 69. 69.. & Index. Introduction. 57.S. Edited. with illustrate the K..L. lx. K. 2 Maps." Voyages of John Davis.S. preserved in the India Orhce. of the British Museum.. & Africa. With Notes by Professor P. 1 Illus. 314. Vol.B. Second Viceroy of India. 53 -The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque. (First Edition 58 = No. I Map. A. 1518-1521. Vol. 69. Index. (Index in No. clxxiv. to the East Indies.D. and James I. Admiral Sir Albert Hastings Markham. xcv. 62. 2 Maps. 2. pp. Index. Issued for 1878. 69.. & the Voyage ot Capiain John Knight. (Vol. 256. 1 Illus. Bibliography. ex-Pres.S. xx. Index. (First Edition = No. Queen Elizabeth. R. Issued for 1877. 2 = No.R. Issued for 1878. 5 Illus. 15 Illus.S. by Commander John Buchan Tkjlfer.G. pp. by Lieut. Maps. 4 = No. A.) 62.. Translated from the Portuguese Edition of 1774. in From Europe.C. The Bondage and Travels of Johann Schiltberger. by LORD Stanley ok Aldekley. to the Arctic Regions. 392. 3 = No. Translated from the Portuguese Edition of 1774. pp.G. The New Map.) 56— The Voyages of Sir James Lancaster. 2 55— The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque. pp. lx. pp. 55.K. ex-Pres. Markham. F. Vol. lii. Translated from the Accounts of PlGAFETTA and other contemporary writers.) (Vol. 1600.S. of the British Museum. by Walter de Gray Birch. 1).S. Issued for 1874. Issued for 1878. R. Second Viceroy of India. & Issued for 1875. [Second edition of No. 1596. Vol. with an Introduction.The Hawkins' Voyages During the reigns of Henry VIII. Vol. with Notes & an Introduction. in 1594. with Notes and an Introduction. F.) Issued for 1875. 1606.L. F. cxxxiv. pp. 2 Maps. his capture at the battle of Nicopolis in 1396 to his escape and return to Europe in 1427. MS . pp. Asia. Koolemans of the Royal Netherlands Navy. 453. . Vol. 257. during the Seventeenth century. 13. 242. Issued for 1876. 2 Maps. pp.. 4 = No. the Augmentation of the Indies. and Edited by Walter de Gray Birch. Second Edition. With Abstracts of Journals of Voyages to the East Indies. 263. Professor Karl Fr. a Native of Bavaria. By Gerrit de Veer.

S... 3. Glossary. F. 2. British Museum). Translated from the Portuguese Edition of 1774. 3=No. xlv. by Walter de Gray Birch. with Notes & an Introduction. de Acosta.G. Issued for 1879. with Notes & an Introduction. 33.A. by Lord Stanley of Alderley. l = No. 416. of the Vol.S.. By Father Francisco Alvarez. Issued for 1879.G. 324. the First Volume. by General Sir John Henry Lefroy.A. Bermudas or Summer Nathaniel Butler. 1 Illus. by Sir Clements R. F. /" . Second Viceroy of India. i=No. The Natural History Books L-IV. 1.-VII. 1532-1550 By Pedro de Cieza de Leon. Issued for 1884. Vol. pp.S. Second Viceroy of India. The First Book. 41.) Issued for 1880. xliv. 2 Maps. 295. CLE. ex-Pres.R. xv. (Vol. containing his Description of the East. 33. 368. 3 Illus. Edited by Sir Edward Maunde Thompson. xxvii. R. 192. 4 vols. with Correspondence (Add.C. Edited.. Index. Translated from the Portuguese & Edited.. F. Reprinted from the English Translated Edition of Edward Gnmston. pp.R. 2. Translated and Edited..XI 60-61 -The Natural & Moral History of the Indies. 2 = No.. with Notes & an Introduction. S. pp. Index. From . Madras C. F. 1612-1622. 62. 349. To Illustrate Map of Peru. of Utrecht.B. R.D. and Edited by Sir Clements R. 341. R.) 69— The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque. 60.R. pp.A. 1.G. by the late Arthur Coke Burneli. Edited Islands. Index to the Issued for 1883. Issued for 1883. 8 Maps. and 61. Index. 3 Maps.S.B. K. History of the Attributed to Captain Issued for 1881.R.C.. 45. R. (Index in No. 31. the Second Volume. MSS. (Vol. K. bv Sir Clkmknts R. 308. pp. Translated from the Portuguese Edition of 1 774» with Notes & an Introduction. F. Vol. Markham..S. In Two Volumes. Vol. British Museum. The Moral History Books.. Markham.) 70-71— The Voyage of John Huyghen van Linsehoten to the East Indies. xiii. 66-67 The Diary of Richard Cocks. Cape-Merchant in the English Factory in Japan. 3 Illus. C. Director of the British Museum.C. K.C. xh.B.B. 63-The Voyages of William Baffin. V. xxxv. Vol..S ex-Pres. Hi. pp. by Pieter Anton Tiele. 2 Illus. Ph. F. ex-Pres.S. Index. Markham. 247. 53. 1604. by Walter de Gray Birch.. 1 Map. 62 The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque. Vol. 1554. Nos. pp.B. 327. K. 1615-1622. Vol. from a MS. Issued for 1881. 69. with Notes 64— Narrative of the Portuguese Embassy to Abyssinia Daring the years 1520 1527.C. the Old English Translation of 1598. pp. of {he British Museum.S. liv. 4. 307.S. pp.G. lix. K. 65— The pp. Issued for 1882. 55. pp. & Edited. in the Sloane Colltction. Vol. Vol. Vol 1. Index. Index. an Int oduction. 68-The Second Part of the Chronicle of Peru. lx. Index. pp.300-1. British Museum. 295-551. By Father Joseph .M. 2. Issued for 1880.

(Vols.. cclxii. Issued for 1888.B. 1535-1555.. by James Gairdner. Translated.C.=Nos. By Robert Hues.) Issued for 1889.S. 7 Illus. Issued for 1888..B.S. Issued for 1886. by R. ccclx. I. pp. 1. pp. R. Vol. assisted by Harry Charles Purvis Bell. 76.C. 265. 2 Maps. 1. Ceylon Civil Service. 1555. Part II.S. 2. Vol. ex-Pres. S. with some account first Intercourse of the English with Russia and Central Asia by way Caspian Sea. I. By Anthony Jknkinson and other Englishmen. And MS. xlvii. 2. F. Index. of Laval. Voyage to ihe Straits of Gibraliar. by ALBERT Gray. 2. from Gtrman edition.) 78— The Diary of William Hedges. by Albert Gray.R. 1 Map. 176. Vol. with Introductory Notes. with Notes. 76-77 (Vol. 1567 II. K. pp. 177-496. and Published in 1592. From the original Spanish Edition. with Collections on the Early History of the Company's Settlement in Bengal.. with Notes. From a Fifteenth Century Edited. Vol 2. by II. the Maldives. R. 74. Ceylon C. for a .) 79— Tractatus de Globis... Translated into English from the Third French Edition of 1619. the r riginal Bibliography.. Issued for 1885. 74-75 Afterwards Sir 1 of the of the William Hedges. with an Account of the MS. I Map. Edited. 3. 11 Illus. 2 Illus. Issued for 1887.. pp. of the Public Record Office with a Glossary by Edward Delmar Morgan.E. 229. with annotated Indices & an Introduction.Xll 72-73— Early Voyages and Travels to Russia and Persia. and Edited. To which is appended. by Sir Clements R.C. Museum. The Maldives. 3. Translated into English from the Third French Edition of 1619. Edited by COOTE. 3 = No. 2. to the East Indies. et eorum usu. pp. LL. etc. 2 Maps. and Edited. Sir Henry Yule. xlvi.I. 37. & on Early Charts and Topography of the Hugh' River. Governor of Fort St. Notices regarding Sir William Hedges. Vol. 287.I). II. by Col. lviii. I. 2. to the East Indies. with Index. (Vol. Barlow. xii. the Moluccas. 80— The Voyage of Francois Pyrard. of Laval. Esq. Pt. Dominguez. Transcribed for the Press. Vol. pp. Index to Vols. George.es Purvis Bell. as well as on Voyage out and Return Overland (1681-1687). Documentary Contributions to a Biography of Thomas Pitt. Don Luis L.) The Voyage of Francois Pyrard. 1. 1 Illus. K. (Vol 1. his K. . The Diary. 81— The Conquest of La Plata. 78. Pt.. Index.. =No. of the Vol. Documentary Memoirs of Job Charnock. 2. and Charles Henry 2 Maps. 80. the Moluccas and Brazil. K. and Illustrated by copious Extracts from Unpublished Records.. xii.C. 282. pp. Issued for 1889. 289-572. with F>otes and an Introduction. — Voyage of Ulrich Schmidt to the Rivers La Plata and Paraguai. Minister Plenipotentiary of the Argentine Republic. 18 Illus. 75. etc. Illus. 2 = Nos. during his Agency in Bengal. pp. The Commentaries of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. pp. Index. Edward Delmar Morgan. Vol. Markham. and other Biographical & Miscellaneous Illustrations of the time in India. assisted by Harry Chari. E. The Diary of William Hedges. 1 Map. Part I. 8 Illus. C. British pp. and Brazil. 287. Treatise descriptive of the Globes constructed by Emery Molyneux. A Sailing Directions for the Circumnavigation of England. Esq. 77. clxii. 'Vol. I. G. I Map.

pp. 1631-32 . Hudson. 259. Index.. Issued for 1894. Done into English in the year 1600 by John Pory. hi. pp. cxi. with Notes & an Introduction. by Sir Clements R. Edited by James Theodore Bent. Bibliography.S. I. R. 4 Maps. Hall. 2.. 1708.R. F. Vol.G. Pasfield Oliver. 1. Translated. Vol.. Weymouth. 1670.G. Edited. 2 Illus. Transcribed from the First English Edition. ex-Pres. To 84-85— The Travels of Pietro della Valle to India. and Documents relating to the Voyages Translated. Edited. Vol. F. ex-Pres. 91— Narratives of the Voyages of Pedro Sarmiento de Straits ot Magellan. 401. xviii.A. of James. Dp. Illus.S. liv. Issued fur 1893. Bylot. Hull. pp. K. Baffin. Issued for 1894. R. Issued for 1892. ccxxxi. F.S. xliv.82-83— The Voyage of Francois Leguat. 259. Markham.L. late Vol.S.S. a Life of the Author. xxx. 6 Maps. but better known as Leo Africanus. viii. 192. K.S. Issued for 1895. 1. Button. 1 Illus.B. Robert Brown. 699-1 1 19. viii. Knight. an Introduction & Notes by Edward Grey. xlv. pp. Bengal C. Notes. a Moor. F. 88-89— The Voyages of Captain Luke Foxe. pp. 2 Maps.G. pp. 2. 193456. pp. and Captain Thomas Bristol. II.. Gibbons. 1690-98. — The — Diary of Master Thomas Dallam. Issued for 1892.1679.R. Vol. 1 Illus.-W. 3 Maps. Index. Markham. 1. by Dr. 1 Map. pp. 121. 2 Maps. 1599-1600.S Vol. Davis. . 90— The Letters ot Amerigo Vespucci And other Documents illustrative of his Career. Hawkridge.G. 1 Illus. 2 Illus. pp. 5 Maps Index. Mauritius.. 87— Early Voyages and Travels in the Levant. 261-681. 86— The Journal of Christopher Columbus Voyage (1492-93). 433. Havers. Rodriguez.S. In 3 Vols. 3 Maps. with P'rom the Old English Translation cf 1664. with Narratives of the Earlier North-West Voyages of Frobisher. lxxxviii. 2. and now edited with an Introduction (N. pp. 305. Issued for 1890. R. & others. Bioliography. F. 3. Samuel Vol 1. Index. 2. 5 Illus. Java.C. R. F. During his First Introduction. Index. with Illustrative Documents and Introduction. xii. 1579-80. pp. R. Index. Extracts from With some Account of the the Diaries of Dr. of In Search of a N.. of the Notable Things Therein Contained. by Robert Miller Christy. 224. Passage.B. Markham. 225-698.C. of Bresse. and the Cape of Good Hope. Index. S. by Sir Clements K. (late) R.. baptized as Giovanni Leone. ex-Pres.B. Issued for 1891. with Notes & an of John Cabot and Caspar Corte Real. 92-93-94— The History and Description of Africa.C.S. Edited and Annotated by Capt. pp. Gamboa to the Translated and Edited. John Covel. Vol. by Sir Clements R. Levant Company of Turkey Merchants.A. Index. K. And Written by Al-Hassan IbnAl-Fasi. with Notes & an Introduction. 1 Map. Mohammed Al-Wezaz Vol. 137. by G.

Index. 2 Illus. 98— The Topographia to Hudson's Bay in search Christian Carl August Issued for 1S97. cxviii.R. 4 Illus. F. pp.A. xli. xxxvi. The Expedition of Captain Jens of a North. pp. Munk Book 2. I. 2 = No. Index. with an Introduction and Notes.R. 2 Illus. xvi. F.West Passage in 1619-20. and Edgar — Vol.A. — 96-97— Danish Arctic Expeditions. LL.) Issued for 1896.XIV 95— The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea.R. 2.S.G. 99— A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama. (Vol. an Egyptian Monk.. F. Issued for 1S98. Index. xxvii. M. Vol. Index. xcvii. cxvii.A.) With an Introduction on the Early History of African Exploration. to which is added Captain James H vll's Voyage to Greenland in 1612. 1 = No. Edited by Gosch.G. (Ch. Translated from the Portuguese. Index. Gomes Eannes de Azurara. 1 Illus.R. B. 187. Issued fur 1898... 4 Maps. xl. Issued for 1896. 127. 3 Maps. Written by Gomes Eannes de Azurara. 398.) With Introduction on the Life & Writings of the Chronicler. Edited by Christian Carl August Gosch. (Ch. I.S.. Prestagk. Christiana of Cosmas Indicopleustes. &c. i. Ixvii. pp. 1497-1499. and Edgar Prestage. Cartography.A.S.S. 100— The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea. 362. M. B. 8 Maps. 23 Illus. cl. Issued for 1897. . (Vol. Now first done into English and Written by Edited by Charles Raymond Beazley. Translated from the Greek and Edited by John M. xii. The Danish Expeditions to Greenland. by Ernest George Ravenstein. In Two Books.G. pp. By an unknown writer. Now first done into English and Edited by CHARLES Raymond Beazley.D. 100.. 205.A. pp. 3 Maps. 95. Watson McCrindle. 1605-07. 250. 1635 Book to 1620. 10 Maps. pp.

S.A. translated into English. in 1613. 1634. 296. A." 1613. 11. & 33 Illus. as narrated by Castanhoso and Bermudez. 1-2— The Embassy of Sir Thomas Roe to the Court of the Great Mogul. Bibliography. etc. 104. 4— The Journeys of William of Rubruek and John of Pian de Carpine To Tartary in the 13th century. 2 vols.R.. . Index. {Out ofprint. Ernest George Ravenstein. of the . pp. Issuedfor 1 90 1 Out ofprint. Issued for 1900. Including HESSEL Gerritsz. with introductions J. Map. & 3 Illus. & 1 Illus. 292. pp. lvi. William Foster. Issuedfor 1899.S. : Bibliography. With a Bibliography. Edited from Contemporary Records by India Office. 1615-19. Translated and Edited by William Frederic Sinclair..The Journey of Pedro Telxeira from India to Italy by land. "Journael of Dagh the British Museum Register. Litt. of the British Museum. for the first time. Index. Edited by Richard Stephen Whiteway. Index. van der Brugge. Issued for 1902.. 1604-05. 242. Index.C. of and Jacob Segersz.. Portrait. with additional Notes. Map. Issued for 1901. J. by Basil H. Bibliography. E. 5—The Voyage pp. 3 Maps. Manuscripts. & 5 Illus. 2 Maps.A. Soulsby. British Museum.M. of Captain John Saris to Edited by H. lxvi. ( ) 10 -The Portuguese Expedition to Abyssinia in 1541. F. pp. ) West Issued for Indies 1 899. and Edited by George Frederic Warner. 2 5 Maps. F. Sir Ernest Map. Index. 6— The Strange Adventures of Andrew Battell of Leigh in Essex. 9.A.C. With his Chronicle of the Kings of Ormus. Wm. Superintendent of the Map Department.S.) Issued for 1900. cxxxii. G. cvii. pp. E.D. &c. Index. Edited by Issued Jor 1900. xvi. Keeper of Portrait. by de Villiers. 2 Maps. S. 1899. Index.S. B. 191. by Donald William Ferguson. F. {Out ofprint. 2 Illus.) Issued for 1902. Edited. 210. SERIES. British Museum.WORKS ALREADY SECOND ISSUED.S. 7-8— The Voyage of Mendana to the Solomon Islands in 1568. 304. F. Index. & {Out ofprint. & 6 ( 3— The Voyage Illus.G.G. xx.A. pp. the Hon. of Sir Robert Dudley to the Guiana in 1594. " Histoire du Pays nomme Spitsberghe. Bibliography. Woodville Rockhill. Translated and Edited by H. lxxxvii. Index. Edited by the Lord Amherst of Hackney and Basil Thomson. Out of print.) vols. pp. Soulsby." Amsterdam.Early Dutch and English Voyages to Spitzbergen in the Seventeenth Century. and notes by Sir Martin Conway. late Bombay C. translated into English. late I. by Basil II. for the first time.. Japan Mason Satow.

. 1608-1667. lvi. With Appendices.C. Issuedfor 1906. M. with Notes and an Spiegel. with Notes and an Introduction. Edited by William Foster.. lxiii. with Notes and an Introduction. 1341the Hakluyt Society. Pres. 13— The Voyage of Bay of Bengal. "A 18— East and West Indian Mirror. graphy. (Sloane MS. J. A. — 17-The Travels of Peter Mundy in Europe and Asia.S. pp. 1608-1628. and an 2 Maps. including the Australian Navigations of Jacob le Maire. by Richard Carnac TEMPLE. 176.12— The Countries round the Edited.B. British Museum). Soulsby. 315. pp. 15— The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Qulros. B.G. chronologically arranged.. Issued for 1904.A. President of With a Bibliography of the Canary Islands. Bengal. alphabetically arranged. & Maps. Bengal Civil Service (retired). by John A. and a Biblioof the India Office. Issued for 1905. for A'i.S. Fol. Rawl. 1.. Soulsby. An Account of his Voyage Round the World 1614 to 161 7. A'. Nine Vears' Travels.. Index." Nicolaes van Gcelkeixken : Leyden. Translated. Chiswell . By John Fryer. in 1 770-1 771. xxvi. pp. and Edited by BOLTON GLANVHiI CORNEY. Bart. Bart. being 21— The Guanches of Tenerife. Travels in Europe.B. 1608-1617. lxxvii.A. by Sir Clements alphabetical list of authors. (Bodleian Library. Preceded by an Extract from Mynheer Jacob RoGGEVEEN's Official Log of his Discovery of and Visit to Easter Island in 1722. . I. Edited. Issued for 1903. pp. President of the Hakluyt Society.s Letters. In eight . G.A. By the Friar Alonso de Espinosa..D." 3 Maps & 3 Illus. Soulsby. Vol. by William Crooke. Bibliography.. begun 1672. 1688.. with the Frigate Santa Rosalia in company. Issued for 1905. Edited bv Lieut. F. Sir & 1 Chart. London. de Villiers. Index. The Holy Image of Our Lady of Candelaria. Superintendent of the Map Department. 4 Maps. Translated and Edited. Index. K. Bibliography. from an unpublished MS." &c. Index. CLE. 1619. Printed by R.A. pp.A.. 284. -Col. and Fellow of the Royal Society. A. in the years 19— A New Account of East India and Persia. 1595 to 1606. Index.. &c. 16— John Jourdain's Journal of a Voyage to the East Indies. Bibliography. Paul's Churchyard. at the Rose and Croion in St.S. 26 Illus. of the British Museum. MSS. With a Preface by Admiral SlR CYPRIAN Bridge. 19 Illus. Captain Don Felipe Gonzalez the Ship of the Line San Lorenzo. 1669-79. Cantabrig. Annotated. of the Order of Preachers. Sir Richard Carnac Temple. lxxxii. Issued for 1903. " Oost ende West-Indische . to Easter Island. &c. 1907. by Col. K. by Basil H. F. 387. Index. With a Bibliography & Index by Basil H. Translated and Edited by Sir Clements Markham.. By Joris van Speilbergen. 3 Maps & 4 Illus. Translated from the Dutch edition.C. Thomas Bowkkv.l). by Basil H. Editor of With a Bibliography. 394.. R. 221.S. Index. Geographical Account of Countries round the Bay of CLE.C. pp. Editor of " Hobson Jobson. editors. and a Bibliography. With a Note on the Cartography of the Southern Continent. Issued for 1909. 858. Introduction. 272. F. Companion of the Imperial Service Order. Issuedfor 1907. and finished 1681. and 4 Illus. in 14. by Sir Clements Markham.) Vol. with the British Museum press-marks. With the Spanish Conquest and Settlement. lxi. 2 vols 3 Maps. and titles.B. A F. Markham. 1594. British Museum. B.

The True History del Castillo. : . and sometime Student of Christ Church in Oxford.) 14-33— Hakluytus Posthumus or Purchas His Pilgrimes. 23. and J. From the MS. Maps & With an Index by Madame Marie Michon.. Vols. Preacher. J. C. pp. Made by Sea or Over-land to the remote and farthest distant quarters of the earth at any time within the compasse of these 1600 yeeres. (Out of print.M. with Notes and an Introduction. R.. The Rise of British Guiana. Edited first by Hakluyt in 1598. 345.D.) Translated and Edited.S. Edited and published in Mexico. 1903-5.C.. 2 Maps. with Introduction and Notes. MSS. Voyages.— Storm van's Gravesande. 1905-7. M. Glasgow. Early Spanish Voyages.R. Supplement. K. Index. xxii.A.. As printed for the pieces. 1610. : 13— The Texts & Versions of John de Piano Carpini andJWilliam de Rubruquis. Dec. Percival Maudsi. University Press: Cambridge. From the only exact copy made of the of its Conquerors. 1571. Chief Clerk.A. 1903.B. by Walter Raleigh. Issued for 1907. time by pp. Translated by Sir Clement^ Gabriel de Oviedo. National Issuedfor 1908 and 1910.G.G. K. James MacLehose aud lllus. (British Museum Add. K C. by Graham Mackay. 288. R EXTRA SERIES & Discoveries of the English Nation. Professor of the English Language in the University of Oxford. Index by Madame Marie Michon and Miss Elizabeth Carmont. 395. of the British Museum. A. Colonial Office. i-m. 17. 397-412. Index. Museum. of Spain. M. de Villiers.xvn 22— History of the Incas. by C. by Sir Clements Markham. Harris. Translated into English. Index. 26.— Magellan's Strait. viii. By Samuel Purchas. With an Essay on the English Voyages of the Sixteenth Century. Is suedfor 1 9 1 1 28. Sons Glasgow. A. and 10 Lllus. Original Manuscript. sent to King Philip II. 1571.Regal Embassy to Vilcabambal By Friar 1571. By Bernal DiAZ of the Conquest of New Spain. 27. 2 vols.S. By Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. 1572. Hon. C.G. By Captain And The Execution of the Inca Tupac Amaru. with Notes and Introduction. and now in the Gottingen University Library. together with some shorter Charles Raymond Beazlev. Professor of Archaeology. 1573. of Cuzco. Contayning a History of the World in Sea Voyages and Lande Travells by Englishmen and others.C. Traffiques. Mexico. by Alfred 1904. and of the Execution of the Inca Tupac Amaru. Baltasar de Ocampo.B. F. by Genaro Garcia. by Sir Clements Markham.B. By Richard Hakluyt. edited. 24.) 12 vols. Markham. pp.B. one . pp.ay. compiled from his despatches. A Narrative of the Vice. 585. B. 20 vols. James MacLehose & Sons 1-12— The Principal Navigations. ( Out of print. xx. 25— Conquest of New Spain. Issuedfor 191 1.

.A.C. C. Don Domingo Boenechea. Vicar of St.C. Fryer's East India and Persia. p. G. 24. S. The Voyages 8. M. Diary of 'he Journey of Father Samuel Fritz. Edited by LlEUT.G. Edited by Wm. The Travels Makkham. 6. F. xvii. F. I. New Edition (of Ser.-COLONEL SlR R. (See No. K.S. to which vol..R. who 5. and 1621-1624. George Edmundson.R. E.L. performed in the year 1595 by Sir Walter With some RepriYi ted from the edition of 1596.X Vll I OTHER WORKS UNDERTAKEN BY EDITORS. Saviour's. Chelsea.S.S. and Edited by of Letters Pietro Henry Yule Oldham. The Conquest of New Spain.O.. The Voyage of Sir Henry Middleton to Bantam and the Malnco Islands. 13 of the Second Series forms a I. 3. will include the ten months' diary of the first European who Capt. 17. novatnente Italian text of 1507. The Travels of Peter Mundy. of the Large.. from S. 1. 19). with copious explanatory Notes and a biographical Memoir by SlR Robert Hermann Schomburgk.S. along the West Coast Translated from the earliest of Africa. Turkey. Ph. ever resided in Tahiti. R. Annotated and Edited by Bolton CORNEY. by BOLTON Glanvill Corney.CM.G. Second Edition (of Ser.) . with a relation of the great and golden City of Manoa (which the Spaniards call El Dorado). (This work.. x\i. 23. precursor. and Edited with an Introduction and Notes. etc. K. M. in the years 1455 and 1456. Persia. (in von Heinrich of India) Poser. (See Nos.G.S. xvi..G. p.D. 25. 4. Delia Valle from Persia. Missionary of the Crown of Castille in the Rio Maraiion. Now first collected and translated by Bolton Glanvill Corney.R. Edited (in 1848) unpublished Documents relative to that country.M. .S. vol. the work of a Spanish Franciscan of the Fourteenth Century on the Geography of the known World. bv H. Translated from the Edition of Marcos Jimenez de la Fspada by Sir Clements 2. 1 1. in Montalboddo Fracan's Paesi 7. vol. &c.G. MS.YV. by the Rev. IRVINE. in the years 1772-6. Joaquin de Omaguas t" the Translated from the Evora City of Gran Para in the year 1689. p. (See No. and others. F.O. The ritrovati. and Beautiful Empire of Guiana.B.R. Raleigh.. Translated and MATTHEW NATHAN.. Libro del Conoscimiento. of Luigi di Cadamosto. The Journals of Spanish the Expeditions to conducted by Tahiti. . 10. Rich.j AND CONTINUATIONS OF 9. I.E. The Discovery .A. Knt. being the Second Voyage set forth by the Governor and Company of From the rare Merchants of London trading into the East Indies. 3). the Venetian. 19. Edition of 1606 M. I. London. Sir Everakd Ferdinand im Thurn.B.

53-55. 35. 13. 23 Alvarez. 86 Bermudez. William. 92-94. Jean de. i. 47. Angiolello. 5. i. ii. i. 7. Will. Australasia. i. i. ii. Azov. 75. 28. See of Peru. ii. 2. i. 47 Atahualpa. Harry Charles Purvis. 4. Thomas. 49 Barbosa. Central. i. 41. i. 54 Bell. ii. 89. i. 27. Affonso de. Lope de. 64 . i. Miguel de. 66. ii. 73 Alessandri. i. i. i. R. 48 Sec Arias Avila. 13 Behrens. i 21. 34 ii. 4. 75. . 11 Battell. i. Francisco. 89 Birch. 19 Barbaro. i. 15. i. 8.. ii. 47 . Alaminos. i. Dr. i. 6 Aquines. 7. Giosafat. 1. Walter de Gray. 78 Barrow. 55. Arromaia. 49 Angola. 35 Bardsen. 47. 76. i. i. 58. i. i. 10 Beste. George Michael. Girolamo. ii. 33. Anton de. 8. 55. 53. Pedro Arias d'. 47 i. Extra Ser. Pedro de. Arctic Regions. 6 Beazley. . 65. I'ascual de. 68 . Lord. 68. Viceroy de. 89 Balak. North. 62 69 . i. 12. 87 . 67 ii. 26. 10 Acosta. 22 of Hackney. 49. S3. 96. 95. William. 100 Hasan Alvarado. 54. 56 Barlow. 3. Amherst . . dAvila. i. i. i. 14. 13. 8 Andagoya. 2. ii. 11. 46 Bethune. 15 Bengal. 64 Alvo. i. 23. i. i. 45. 3. 49 Al Hassan Ibn Muhammad. Edmund. 35-39. ii. 34. 21 Bermudas. 22 . Juan Luis. 32. 52 Barcelona MSS. 61. 5 . 1G . ii. 65. i. i. 22. Astete. George Percy. 3 Asher. Francisco de.R.. 13. Joseph de. John. i. 9 Bilot. i. 19. 15.. i. Koolemans. 18 ii. 72. 97 18. i. 34. Luis de ii. Luis Hernandez de. Robert. i. 32. 17 Sec Badger. 38 ii. ii. 3 y Junient. 13-15. 23 ii. 28. 58. 1. i. i. F. Duarte. i. . 24 ii. 50. America. 82. Arriaga y Rivera. 40 America. 42. Ivar. 13 Asia. Charles Ramsay DrinKwater. Carl Friedrich. i. 87 Benzoni. 67. 13 Beke. 24 America. 83. See Hawkins. i. i. South. 7. ii. Africa. 14. George. Abd-er-Razzak. James Theodore. i. 6. 22 22 Eannes de. 22 Avila. 27 5. 53. 51. 77. 21. 66. Charles Raymond. . Gomes Eannes. 32 ii. 25 ii. Arabia. West. 6 Aguirre. i. 17. 22 . 50 Barentsz. 16. 13 Amazon. 77. 80. . 69-78. 22 Abyssinia. 12 Bent. 63.. Julian de. 8. 10 Alcock.. i. 13. 52 Amapaia. i.S. 80 Belmonte y Bermudez. i. 54 Barker. 43. 74.INDEX TO THE FIRST AND SECOND SERIES OF THE SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS. John. 35. 62 69 95. 54 Bantam. 78 ii. 91 ii. Sir John. Manuel Amat ii. 1 3. i. i. 54 Biedma. 9. 14. i. Giovanni Maria. 97 Arias. 43. 15 Arias d'Avila. 96. 60. 44 Baffin. i. 14. i. i. Adams. ii. 62. 60. 22. Pedro. 21 Bethencourt. Africa. 1847-1911. 30 Beynen. 64 ii. 81. ii. i. Charles Tilstone. Francisco. 23 Albuquerque. 61 Acuha. 25 . 44. SS. 49 Azurara. 21. Cristoval de. i. 82. Vincentio d'. 5. 21. 88. 32. East. 100. Andrew. 88. 80. 74. Joao. Juan. 24. i. Africa. 76.

Robert. i. ii. : See Gon- East India.24 Charnock. i. 13. Drake. 8. 37. i. 2. i. 59. i. Walter.. William. i. 43 Davila. i. i.15 Dampier. 88. i. Jacob Bruun. K. 26. 5. 92-94 Brugge. 73 Cassano. Joseph G. 96. 73 Burton. 26. 73 Dudley. 13 ii. Giuliano. 23. 25 Cosmas Indicopleustes. Pierre. i. ii. 3 Dutch Voyages. i. 54 19. Coats. i. 68 Dorado. Cooley. Clifford. 39 Canarian. ii. Sebastian. i. i. 5. 13 British Guiana. 56 22 Cinnamon. 87 Crosse. 18 Bowrey. 16 Dryandri.. Candelaria. i. 10 34. 12 Cambodia. i.. William. ii. Emperor. Dallam. i. i.B. See Joannes. i. 38. 40. Conti. Castilla del Oro. 46 ii. 63. . 72. 37. i. i. i. 19 East India Company. Richard. Cabot. Extra Ser. British Edward. 80 Bridge. 25. i. 47 23. i. i. Thomas. Our Lady Good Hope. 13. 23. 8. ii. i. 21 ii. 87 Dahymple. Gaspar. 88. ii. Nathaniel. Job. i. of. Christopher Journal. Bernal. Sir Francis. i. IS 24 de. Jeffrey. Bolton Glauvill. 11. John. i. van der. William. ii. i. ii. 65. 70. Robert Miller. 6 Contarini. 89 De Villiers. 27 Collinson. 88. Conway. 14. 86 Letters. Pedro de.M. 72. 19 Corney. 22 i. 21. 21 Canary Islands. 5. 89 See . i. Nicolo. 33. Ruy Gonzalez zalez de Clavigo. Christopher. K. 58 Burnell. 63 ii. Iver. de Piano. 20 Bontier. 42 Corte Real. 62.. i. Cham]>lain. See Arias d'Avila.. i. Sir Dudley. i. See Albuquerque. Thomas. 69 . i. 56 Crooke. i. i. Elizabeth. 5.. 22 ii. 21 38 Congo. 98 Covel. 5. ii. Arthur Coke. 25. i. ii. K. Dr. 59 Cuzco. i. 19 Burrough. 86 Cabot. i. ii. Digges. Cliffe. i. Poggio. l. Alexander. 73 Corney. . i. 3. John Abraham Jacob. i. William Desborough. 5. 72. 2. i. i. 23 Chanca. 23 Diaz del Castillo. Sir Francis. Afonso. Robert. 5. 36. John. Ussan. 53. 13 Davis. i. ii. Sir Richard. 49 16. Sir Robert.XX Bollaert.. 22. William. i. Clcrigo. Richard. 19 . i. 16 59 i. The. i. Ambrogio. 40 24. Ralph. 65-67. 89 Bylot. Don Luis L. i. 73 China. Job. 22 Brown. 13-15. i. 2. 4. 82. Davis. i. 83 Carmont. 20 ii. . Dominguez. i. Miguel de. ii. 18.. 16 Downton. Samuel. 97 Darien. 11 4 Doughty. 21 22. 43 ii. Jacob Segersz. 20 Christy. . 27 Bracciolini. 36. 72. 47 ii. Cathay.C. Alvar Nunez. 28 Bond. 51. 20. 49 Castanhoso. 16. 25 Danish Arctic Expeditions.B ii. 67 Cogswell. Cieza de Leon. 4. i. Sir Thomas. i.S. i. i. i. i. 75. i. 21. Cabe^a de Vaca. 33 Dati. Columbus. George. Dr. i. 6. 17. 78 Cheinie. See Segersz. 19 Cumberland. Nicholas. 27 Diaz. 25 Coote. 1 Cocks. 13. Sir Richard Francis. Land Clavigo. .G.I. 86 Cortes. Bolton. John. i. 47 36-38.C.E. William Martin Cook. 43 Charles V. 86 Button. 2. 46 Boty. 55. the Younger. 72.. Museum MSS. ii. Earl of. Captain James. 22 Brazil. . 72. 19.B. 52.Charles Henry.. 73 Burrough. 51 Butler.. i. Thomas. 89 i. Philip. Admiral Sir Cyprian Arthur George. C. 13 Correa.O. i. El. Hernando. i. Pedrarias. 74. Gaspar. Nunez Cabeca de Vaca. 12 Carpino. 11. 46 ii. 77. Sir Edward Augustus. 88. i. 16 Drake. ii. i. 71 Burre. Sir . Gulf of. i. 81 27 Donck. Joannes. Edward. Adrian van der. 5. 76. Cape of of. 25 28 . 54. i. i. Caspian Sea.C. .C. i. i. G. 51 Ducket. 39. ii. i. i. 24. William. 66. Dalboquerque. 12 ii. Juan.

Guanches. 17 Elvas. 6 ii.. Gairdner. Edward.64. 66. Gastaldi. Thomas. 9 Herrera. Genaro. 79 God's Poioer <£• Providence. 12 i. 26. 74. i. i. See India. i. 13 Eannes. 9 Emeria. 16. i. Janes. 9 Fernandez de Quiros. 97 Grey. i. 38.85 Grijalva. i. : Hudson. i. James. 6 . Sir Richard. Extra Ser. 11. i. . 32. 58 Herberstein. i. Straits of. 9. See Grimstone. 84. 5. i. ii.. Richard Divers Voyages. i. 12 Hugh Garcia. 50 of 'Oman i. i. Frislanda.. 88. 89 Hedges. Icaria. i. 62. i. 49 Grey.. i. Edward. 20 Houtman's Abrulhos. 48 . 24. William. Alonzo. C. 50 Espinosa. i. 40 Horsey. 79 Engronelanda. el Inca. Circumnavigation of. 1. Galvano. Donald William. 16. 89 Foxe. 5. 56. 21 Estotilanda. 5. 45 Hackit.. Principall Navigations. 10. 59 Terra Florida. Juan de. 59 5. Gibraltar. 55. 20. 74. Dictionarieof the. 84. 41. ii. 3 Guinea. i. 48 ii. de Zurara. Easter Island. 23. ii. 1-12 38. Sir William. 54 River. 72. 50 Ethiopia. Jacopo. Albert. 23 Grimston. 70. 7. 67 Indian Language. Fletcher. Thomas. 24. John. ii. Francis. i. 76. 7 i. 13. i. . H. i. Arthur. Rites and Laws. i. 96. 96. 5. i. i. John. 12 Edwards. Gamboa. 40 5. 50 Enriquez de Guzman. al Wazzan. 47. ii. Pascual de. 3. 24 ii. 71. Antonio de. Gerritsz. i. Sir John. 22 Gatonbe. ii. 85 Hawkins. Sir Jerome. 22 . 22 11 89 i. i. i. 10. 13 Eden. 42. i. 18 41. 63 Gayangos. 80 . 18. 30 Gama. 16 Fotherby. - See de. 96. . i. . 88. 1. i. Vasco da. i. Gomes. Hudson's Bay.1. . 50. i. Pedro de. 100 . George. Europe. /8 Foster. i. ii. 28 Ellesmere. 3 ii. i. i. 12 Hernandez de Biedma. 29 Eslanda. i. William. 78 Heidelberg MS. i.. 60. 25 Howard. i. 38. 13 Honduras. i. 72. i. i. i. 23 Herve Juan. i. 79 Galvao. Grimstone. 88. 85 . Richard. i.. William. 44 Incas. 25 Garcilasso de la Vega. al Fasi. 89 Fryer. i. 11 . ii. 97 Gray. 3 England. Robert. 13 Gosch. 22 i. 21 Gonzalez y Haedo. 8 Harris. 7 i. 53. Antonio. ii. i.East Indies. James. 79 Globes.A. i. 20 Florida. 22. See Fox. 1. i. Christian Carl August. Eliot. 27 Hasan Ibn Muhammad. ii. 7 Hall. Imams and Seyyids Incas. William. 97 79 78 i. See See 9 Fort St. Ruy. . Hakluyt. 2. 5. i. Luke. Felipe. 17 India Office MSS. Alonso de. 84. 21 Guiana. 22. ii. George. 19 James. 88. Edward. i. 89 11. Will of. 58. 100 95. i. i. Gonzalez de Clavijo. Greenland. 20. 73. Hessel. . Egerton MSS. Great Mogul. ii. A. 9. 12. i. 57 Hawkins. Pedro Sarmiento Sarmiento de Gambop. 9 Hues. ii. 75. ii. 1.S. 32 El Dorado. Luis. 96. 45.79 . 75. 56.. Quiros Figueroa. India. ii. 69. 50 Frobisher. Sir Martin. Christoval Suarez de. 89. 77. John. Gentleman of. i. i. i. i. Roval Commentaries. ii. 57 Hawkridge. 57 Hawkins. 63 Fox. i. 54. 19 Furnace. 61 Italy. 12 i. ii. 89 i. 16 Fletcher. ii. i. i. 88. Robert. . i. 26. Giles. 49. i. Earl of. 92-94 Havers. i. 45 27. 88. 22 Incas. Sigismund von. ii. 42. Charles. i. 13. Henry. 2. K. i. 12. Luke. ii. 99 41. 95. i. i. ii. Gibbons. 17 Ferguson. i. 9 James I. 30 See Abyssinia. i. 74-78. 18. 27. 10 Gama. 88.C i. i. i. 97 Harleian MSS. Suarez de Figueroa. 2 £1.. ii. B. Christovao da. ii. ii. 73 Egypt. i.M. 80.

Leza Gaspar Gonzalez de. Francisco de. Edward Delmar. 8. i. River. 46 ii. 88. 14. 15 7. 13 North. 89. ii. Chronicle of.C. 34 Nicopolis. K.East Voyages. 49. Jens. Baltasar de. i. 45. 5 Japan. 66. 80 . ii. ii 16 Jovius. 68 ii. 82. 14. Sebastian. 2. i. 50 North. ii. 97 Lambrechtsen. i. Friedrieh. Mexico. Antonio. 8. i. i. 13 Jones. . 6. Ferdinand. 82. i.. 34. 48 ii.West Passage. 23 Samuel Pasfield. River. A. The Great.B. 15 Mendoza. 90. John. 28. 19. Maluco Islands. 1.. 11 Middleton. i. 14. i. i. 75. Manoa. ii. 22 13 Oliver. 83 28 'Oman. Henry. P. John Watson. 96. 23. 15 Morgan. 61. i. 52 ii. 15 Pellham. 24 23. Cristoval de. 56. 33. 12. 31 Jourdain.]80 Molyneux. Robert. 2 Molucca Islands. 25. 54 Nunez Cabeca de Vaca. 22 Pachacamac. 33 Middleton. i . 5. 78 . 73 22. Edward. Olid.. 14. ii. Descripta. 68. 86 ii. 86 Leguat.B. 72. i. i. Omagua. 3 Markham. i. P. Anthony. Alfred Percival. . 41. Giovanni. 16 Norsemen in America. 22 Nombre de Dios. i. Neumann. i. Keeling. 61. 24. 19. i. i. Markham. Sir John Henry. 24 Morga. 22. Peter. 39. 67 Java. ii. 44 Ondegardo. 14. i. 97 Northern Seas. i. i. i. 91 . Mogul. 56 Knight. Jean. Francis. Polo de. Extra Ser. 52 Pitt Diamond. 87 Le Verrier. John Winter. Mauritius. 24. 29 Magellan. 2. i. i. Marie. 17 Persia. i. 32. 83. ii. i. 43 Nicaragua. i. .25 i. i. McCrindle. K. 91 Major. ii. Ormuz. 82. i. 77. 7. 9 Oviedo. ii. i.C. Sir Henry. 76. i. See Molucca Islands. Extra Ser. William. Jan Huyghen van. i. 47. i. 19 Peru. 58 Nikitin. Kings of. i. 72. Sir Albert Hastings. Mi rah ilia 4 . 25 Pereira. i. 39 ii. 25 Levant.. i.XX11 Miehon. Alberto. 18 Magellan. 81 Parke. i. 11 58 New New New Hebrides. Straits of. ii.39. Karl 12 63 i. i. Emery. Pierre Joseph d'. 12. ii. 38. 29. 73. 23 World. i. 25. 17 Munk. i. K. 47.. i. i. 35 Maldive Islands. 2. 72. i. 65. 56 ii. 24 i. i. 68 Philip.M. . 23. 17 ii. Sir James. Alvaro. 52. i. 39 i. 13. 13. 17. 73 Joannes. i. 41. Thomas. 18 La Plata. Christopher. 79.83 Jeannin. Muscovy Company. 4 Meiidaoa de Neyra. 14 Pacific Ocean. 39 Pigafetta. 15. 82. i. de Piano Carpino. 16. 89 Mundy. 22 Orellana. 57. 92-94 Leupe. ii. i. 23. 54 Philippine Islands. 56. i. 46. . i. 15 Spain. 21. 18 Malabar. William. 79. 18 Maudslay. i. Alvar. Francois. i. 18 Lenrfas da India. 92-94 Leone. 27 Lancaster. i. i. i. 32 Jordanua [Catalani]. IS Paraguay. i. Maynarde. i. i. i. 31 i. City. Friedrieh. 22 34. 26. i.G. 34. i. 14. i. i. 63. 57. 22 Peru. 56 La Peyrcre. i. i. i. 74. ii.. ii. Athanasius. Olaondo. 39 14^ 15 Linschoten. i. i. 18 Pelsart. 61 ii.C. 1. 11. 5. 43. i. 71 . Sir Clements Robert. 76. 83 Le Maire. 70. 22. 60. Juan Gonzalez de. 33. Richard Henry. 56. i. 7. i. Jacob. John. 21 ii. i. i. i. i. 83 ii. 96. Isaac de. Antonio de. 27 Jenkinson. Mii nster. i. 12 Juet. 3^ La Plata. 27 . i. 89 Madras. Orleans.28 Martens. 10. 33. 60. 59 15. Gabriel de. i. ii. i. Thomas. 88. i. . 86. 42 Leo Africanus. 81 Lefroy. 50 Malay Archipelago. 79 Montezuma.. ii. i/81 Ocampo. Robert. 59 Morgan. ii. 78 Madrid MSS. 77. 13. Paulus. 50 Nova Zembla.

ii. 13 Ruudall. Lord. 65 Soto. i. Robert. i. Staden. Don Diego de. Johann. ii. Sir Ernest Mason. 10 Portugal. 10. ii. William. i. i. See Sousa Tavares. Ex- 44 Samarcand. William Henry. i. 14-33 Pyrard. i. Pedro. The Great. Ulrich. Thorne. 4 Francisco de Sousa. i. 7 Tiele. i. Edgar. Sir Thomas. 12 Saris. 19. F. i. i. i. William. John. Salil-Ibn-Ruzaik.XX111 Pitt. 47 Segersz. 49 Rubruquis. i. 64 Pory. ii. i.i. 4 ii. 100 ii. i.G. ii.67 Basil Home.. ii. i. 58 Temple. Tavares. 9 Thomas. 39. 21. i. 42. 15 Summer Islands. Sir George. i. 15 Prestage. i. i. ii. 22 Satow. 3S Shakspere's "New Map. William Frederic. . 4 tra Ser.15 Stere. 11. 25. 23 13 ii. 1. ii. 25 . Francisco de. Terra Florida. i. Walter. i. 13 Storm van 's Gravesande. Johann von. Powhatan. John. 26 ii. See Schmidel. Pedro. 24. 6 Pool. Francisco. Recueil dc Voyages. 12. 23 . ii. 26.. 86 Syria. 49 Thompson. i. Pedro Fernandez de. . 10. 65. 65 Smyth. 73 Rye. Pieter Anton. 18 Sousa Ta-vares. 25 Tartary. . 15. 11." i. G. ii. . 35. 91 ii. Puerto Rico.. 8 Russe Commonwealth. 5 Schiltberger.. i. i. 9. i. i.. i. Edward. . 17 John. i. 21. Tahiti. 3 Professor. 16 Sloane MSS. i. Ernest George. Alexander. 82. 9 ii. 6 Prado y Tovar. . i. 13. ii. Sir Thomas. 7. Bart. 22 ii. Thomson. 52 Ravenstein. ii. Ferdiuando de. 22 Pizarro. 10 Prester John. 17 ii. 26 Tana (Azov). 47 . Hernando. Ser. i. 29. Public Record Office MSS. i. 7. Maunde.. William. ii. Pedro. i. i. Raleigh. i. 20 Russia. William Brenchley. ii. Pochahontas. Quatremere. i. i. Ulrich. 7 Rockhill. i. 11 . ii. Giovanni Battista. 14. 6 Rawlinson MSS. ii. 4 Purchas. i. i. i. Christoval.B. 64 Pricket Abacuk.. 56. i. i. 39 Simon. 6 Suarez de Figueroa. Samuel. i. Jacob. i. Raleigh. 14. 1. Spanish Voyages. 28 . William Woodville. Gerrit Thomasz. 15 Somers. ii. 13 Roy. i. Gonzalo. Sir Richard Carnac. i. i. Norton. 49. i. Sir 78 Seaman's Pizarro. 20. 14. 30 Sec Pacific Ocean. 22 Quiros. i. Thomas. Sir Robert Hermann. Gulielmus de. ii. 9 Telfer. Jacob. Rodriguez. Willem Cornelisz. i. 12. 22 Pizarro. 57 . 47 Soulsby. 14. Hieronimo di. 8. 95. 92-94 Edmund. Andres de. 65 Smith.48 ii. Tabasco. i. Tamerlane. 71 . ii. Francois. 2 Roggeveen. 81 Schmidt. 77. i. Joris van. ii. 18. i. 23 Siam. 31 i. ii. Capt.M. Remon. i. 66. Island. 32 . Secrets. ii. Sir Walter. i. 80 Extra . 99 ii. 9 . 72. 64 Staunton. 49 Tapia. 23 Ribault. Basil Harrington. 8 . Eugene Armaud. 27 39 21 ii. 18 Spitsbergen.C. Scory. 74. 56 Shaw.. 59 Sharpeigh. 75. 83 Roe. 39 13. 15 Speilbergen. 38 i. 52. 65. de. ii. 18 i. i. 51 Stanley of Alderley. Sellman. Teixeira. 25. Sch mburgk. i. 14. 47 Santo-Stefano. John. Sir Edward K. 21 Solomon Islands. 13. . 17 Tenerife. 22 5 Sarmiento de Gamboa. Bart. 22 Saucho. i. i. 8. 27 Strachey. 14. 54 ii. i. i. 47 ii. ii. 2. 16. South Sea Spanish MSS. 25. 8 70. i. 59 Sinclair. ii. 7. 86 Smith. i.. 3 Schouten. i. 21 Terra Australis. 5.. Ramusio. Sir George Thomas.C. 58 Schmidel. John Buchan. i. Pedro. 14. 63 Ser. 63. 15 Extra . i. Thomas. i. 76. Alonzo.

23 Winter. 25 Wolsteuholme. Frederic. Fray Juan de. Richard Stephen. i. 51 Topographia Christiana. Francisco de. i. Samuel. Ludovico di. 50 Zyehman. 78". Luis Vaez de.I. 23 Yule. of. 25 Xeres. i. i. William Sandys Wright. Albert. Willem de. Straits 98 Toscanelli. 88. 54 Velasquez. ii. Vlamingh. i. George ii. i. i. 90 Vilcapampa. Sec Rubruquis. 59 1 28. 25 Volkersen. Nicolaas. 79 i. i. Great Khan. 47 . 22 Virginia Britannia. Diego. i. ii. 4. 23 89 ii. 14. Nicolo. Warner. George i. i. i. Torquemada. 63. 26 Toledo. 17 Vespucci. Alice. George. i. i. Paolo. 19. Torres. Francisco de. 49 Zeno. i. . i. Yncas. 74. i. 19 Tractatus de Glohis. John. 47 i. i. Inca. 20 i. ii. ii. 25. 13. 50 Zeno. 7. Sir John. 23 Weymouth. i. 51 i. Viceroy of Peru. 87 Valle. i. i. ii. i. 3.XXIV Tierra Firme. Edward. 16 Vaz. Amerigo. West Indies. Pietro della. See Incas. 16 Veer. ii. Gerrit de. 32 Vaux. i. Adam. i. 36. 89 Worlde's Hydrographical Description. ii. 22 31. . 86 Towerson. i. 27 Verbiest. 28. K. Yucatan. 15 Transylvanus. i. 3 Weigates. Sir Henrv.. 23 Verarzanus. ii. White. i. 85 Varthema. Ferdinaud. i.S. Gabriel. 37. i. Pedro de. Antonio. i. Maximilianus. 75. 23 Vera Cruz. i. 22 William of llubruck. 52 84.D. 6 Vivero y Velasco. 59 Wright. i. John. Lopez. 19. 34.C. 88. 13. ii. 18 Whiteway. 10 Wielhorsky. 15 14. Gulieimus de Wilmere. Rodrigo de i. ii. 22 Turbervile. 22 i. 6 Witsen. 10 Turkey Merchants. Caterino. Tootal. : i. Tupac Amaru. 39 Ursua. 8 Zeno. 5. i. 47 Timour.. i. 17. Litt. 54 ii.

currency). U. VIII. rare and valuable Voyages.LAWS OF THE HAKLUYT I. the Chairman having a casting vote. Subscription. a President. Subscription shall be One and eight dollars. on the having paid ist his January. three forming a quorum. before the close of the year. Gentlemen preparing and editing works for the Society. a Secretary. a-half Guinea (for America. three Vice-Presidents. Travels. and the meeting shall proceed to elect the Council for the ensuing year. V. three of the old Council shall VII. The object of this Society shall be to SOCIETY. Each member of the Society. including the Secretary. At each Annual Election. and sixteen ordinary members. shall be copy of every work produced by the Society. payable in advance III. and to vote at the general meetings within the period subscribed for and if he do not signify. of the Society's affairs shall be vested in a Council members. viz. shall receive twenty-five copies of such works respectively. for the dispatch of business. The Annual II. Secretary's VI.S. A General Meeting of the Subscribers shall be held annually. Naval Expeditions. The Report on the condition and proceedings of the Society shall be then read. The Council shall meet when necessary retire.. a Treasurer. distribution for print. for the succeeding year. and other geographical records. . he shall be considered as a member entitled to a . to be elected annually but vacancies occurring between the general meetings shall be filled up by the consisting of twenty-two Council. among the members. his wish to resign. The management IV.

Ratcliff Place.. Co.. Beaumont. 11. Michael C. Pall Mall) S. Colney Hall. Armstrong. N. North Terrace.. (Vice-President). [2 COPIKS. Brooklyn Lodge. Basset. Pall Mall.M. Stourport. Warren D.. South Australia. S. 1847 1847 Baldwin. Admiralty. Colonial Secretariat. 1 10. U. Charles Gilbert. 61. 6.W. Adelaide. Manchester. Directeur de l'Ecole Superieure des Lettres d' Alger. Portland.. S. M.. 48. New York City. William Lindsay. James Phinney.. The Right Hon.M.W.. 1899 1S47 189.. Norwich. Berlin. West 81st Street. W. Col. Frankfort-on-Main. S. Algiers. Lord. Barwick. Bagram.S. Georgeustrasse 34-36 Berlin 1899 1847 Birmingham Central Free Library.A. Hurstpierpoint. Rene. Germany. rue Denfert Rochereau. Barclay. R. Parliament Square. B. Birmingham. Stanley. Pinkieburn. the Lord. Clarence R. Edinburgh. 0. G. Ashburton Cottage.. S. Wilhelmstrasse 23. Commander Francis Arthur Lavington. S. H. Andrews.B. St.. Hochstrasse 6. Dr. 1894 1896 1904 1899 1896 1847 Ball. Berlin University. Astley Hall. The Right Hon. B.S. All Souls College. Andrews. Villa Louise. H. Withington.A. Esq. Capt. 11. Calcutta.A. Belfast.] Advocates' Library.N. Barnes.. W... 5.S. December 1st. Arnold. John B. 4. Sussex. Pa. British Museum. 36. Hong Kong. Ascoli. nr. Esq. Douegall Square North. S. Hon. F. * Sent to press. Adelaide Public Library. 7.. Antiquaries. South Hanover Street.. Esq.* Hon. 1911.W.E. 5.W. S. John Ernest. Georges. West Kensington Army and Navy Club.. University Square..W. Oxford. Baxter. The. Esq. Old Post Office Street.— 19 Members are requested to inform the 12. Whitehall. Opernplatz. Esq. Esq. Berlin. Athenamm Club. Lennox Gardens. It E. Esq... Eaton Square. Esq. London. U. Putney Heath. Joseph & 17. Secretary of any crrorsjir alterations in this List.C. G. Belhaven and Stenton.S. W. U. Messrs. American Geographical Society.. Alexander. Esq.W. Birmingham Old Library. \V. Colorado' Springs. Carlisle. Birmingham. Esq.. Colorado. Admiral Sir Lewis Anthony. U. Maine. K.. N.G. Gliddon Road. Aberdeen University Library. Geographical Institute of. Musselburgh.. The. Burlington House. Berlin. of. M...S. Margaret Street.C.W. . First National Bank Building. R. Esq. Belfast Library and Society for Promoting Knowledge. 10.A. the Royal Library of. Berlin Geographical Society (Gesellschaft fur Erdkunde).1 1847 1847 1899 1847 1847 1901 1906 1S47 1909 1847 1904 1909 1847 1899 1847 1909 1899 1893 1911 1911 1899 Aberdare. Piccadilly. Channel Fleet. Beetem. Hugh Gurney. 41.P. 83. Aberdeen.. Deering Street. The Society Baer. Belfast.XXVI LIST OF MEMBERS.

The Red House. Burns. 111. 1847 1894 1847 1847 1899 1894 Bodleian Library. New York.D. Copley Square.. H. Peterboro'. Captain Bertram Mordaunt. Chicago. The Geographical Institute of the University of. U. University of. Bamptou. John William. Demerara. Buckle. Brooklyn Mercantile Library.. Carlisle Mansions. Board of Education. Esq. Cumberland. Christ Church. 197. Joseph.. Chicago Public Library.A.. The Terrace. Dr. Berkeley. " Repulse. Hon...A. Brock. Brookline Public Library. 22. c/o Messrs. Chambers. Buda-Pesth. Royal Pavilion.. H..A. Esq. Regent's Park.A..S. Paris.W.1910 1911 1899 Birmingham University Library. John Arthur. Arthur H. H. Brown. Rhode Island. Chicago. Boston Public Library. C. Seton Piace. Melton Mowbray. Pall Mall. Eyain. Sheffield. Science Library. Charing 1896 1906 1894 1893 1890 Bowring. Cox and Co. Capt. Terquem.S. Box 223. Brunswick.. Boston Athenasurn Library. 4. Bonaparte.S. The Rt.S. Edinburgh. The Parliament Library.. Cincinnati Public Library. N. Admiral Claude Edward. Boston. Brooklyn. Kensington. Cardiff. James.O. Carlisle. S. Chicago. Cleveland. Mass.A.S. Fenay Hall. 1898 1903 1896 1910 1899 1894 1890 1903 1847 1847 1896 1847 1847 1899 1910 1894 1899 1910 1847 1910 1899 1899 1896 1847 1899 1907 Museum. Esq.N. U. Walnut Street. Arthur William Whateley.A. Department of British and Mediaeval Antiquities. Department of Printed Books. Science Museum. the Earl of. Bower. Benjamin Thomas. Boston. U. Richard. U. Chicago. Rue Scribe.A. Buenos Aires. Providence.M. Burgess. U.. Right Hon. Esq. Brighton. Ottawa. The Rectory... Cambridge. R.. The Rev. U. Victoria Street. 94. Paris). New York City.S. S.S.A. Madison Avenue.W. U. Thomas B. South Kensington. Rue et Passage Dauphine. Princes Gardens. J. Charles 0.. 111.W. Blake. U.. Oxford. 16. Philadelphia. Leesthorpe Hall.A... Esq..S. Chetham's Library. 19. Carnegie Library. Boston. Pa. U.. Maine. 62. Montague Street. Ohio.S. Brooke. 133 East 65th Street.E. Manchester. P. Brewster. Canada. Paris.S. Carlisle Place . Cambridge University Library. Henry G. Brighton Public Library. Hungary.General Hamilton. W.S. Esq.O. 30.W. U. Caxton Buildings. University. 10J.. Christiania University Library. Christiania. Cardiff Public Library. Joseph A. British Guiana Royal Agricultural and Commercial Society." Devonport.. Na worth Castle. N. Chicago University Library. Steeple Gidding. Prince Roland Napoleon.. Norway. 1612. Ohio. Geographical Society of..S. Georgetown.S. Major . M.. Biblioteca Nacional (c/o E. 40. Clark. S.A. Brown California. Raithby.A. Mass. Mass. 7. LL. Trinity Street.. The Keeper.Y. Brereton. Museum. S. Cal. Church Street.. Cattarns.I. P. Pa. . U. Esq. Bowdoin College. U. 601.P. Albeit Terrace. Esq. 1847 1847 1896 1909 1899 1899 1899 British British Cross. Hudderstield.. U. Beacon Street. Avenue d'Jena 10.W.. William. Spilsby. Chapelot et Cie.A. Box 109. Palace Gate. Carlton Club Library.S. Burdekin. Pittsburgh. Hunt's Bank..A. Oxford. Esq. Chamberlain.P.

2. Vailima. G.. Enoch Pratt Free Library..O. John.. Esq.A.C. 1847 1899 1S96 1903 1847 1894 1847 1903 1899 1893 1902 1908 1904 1893 Colonial Office.. 1910 1911 1899 Fairbrother.S.M. ..1903 1909 1908 Clay.C Detroit Public Library. Rev. Bishopstown.P.G. British Museum. Davis. Temple. Esq.B. James Bromley. Downing Street. Dijon University Library. Malmesbury. S. U. The. William Charles.. 12. Leonards-on-Sea. Sir William Martin. 1.V. C. C.. Earl.W. Major Leonard. New York. W. Esq. W. 1. Edinburgh..S.C.W. Cork.. Michigan..M.. Windsor.. 1911 1847 1899 1899 1908 1890 1894 . Ecole Francaise d'Extreme Orient. c/o the Earl of Desart. Dresden.A.M. J. Saigon. S.. Rue Monge. Dampier. France.. John.S. Francis. Central Library..P.. Crewdson. Close. Esq. 1903 1899 1905 Fames. The Most Noble the Marquis de.A. Corney. I. Library of. Wilts. 1911 1899 1893 1899 1902 1910 Delbanco.. Maidstone. New York. Dehra Dun.G. J. Rome. Trinity College Library.C. Edinburgh University Library. Abingdon Court.A.L. Danish Royal Naval Library (Det Kongelige Danske S^kaart Archiv). Colonel W. Cambridge. Conway. George IV. Indian Army. The Cloisters. Coombe Cottage. Esq. New York. Hon. Elfinsward. Imperial Railways of North China. Charles Frederick. R..M. Esq. T.. Mass.A. Royal Colonial Institute. S.W. Edge-Partington. Union League Club. Esq. Darwiu. India. Close.C. G.S. Cox.A. 10. Indo-Chine Francaise. Dijon.. Southampton. C. 46.. Ithaca. Cora. 83. Edinburgh.... Kleine Briidergasso 21". Allington Castle. Lieut. U. Esq. The Right Hon. Edwards.C. Cow. W. Southside.. Millmont Street Boston. M. Bareilly. Ordnance Survey Office. Egerton Place.P. Copenhagen. R.W. High Street.W.-Col. U.O.. Bridge..G.S.. Croydon. Columbia University. Maryleboue. King's Bench Walk.S. Fayal. Lady Sybil. Bolton Glanvill. Baldomero Hyacjnth. Mincing Lane. Dunn.. Professor Guido. Lisbon.E. C. Town Hall. Cutting. Rutland Gardens.S. U.B.I. I. India.G. De Bertodano. Kensington. Tientsin. Alexander G. A. S. Cornell University.. W..M... Kingston Hill. Gerald Robert. N. East 39 Street. Esq. Via Nazionale. Canon John Neale. N. Croydon Public Libraries. 4. University Press and Burrell's Corner. C. c/o The Keeper of the Department of British 1892 1847 1847 1906 and Mediaeval Antiquities.M. Dalton. D. Esq.E. Esq.. Nicholas Darnell. President R. C. Cote d'Or. Sussex. E. Fellowes Athenseum. Esq. Esq. Copenhagen. W. Carlton House Terrace. Northumberland Avenue.E. Md. 181. Dresden Geographical Society (Verein fur Erdkunde). U. Cooke. Esq. 19. S. M. Edinburgh Public Library.. Copenhagen Royal Library (Det Store Kongelige Bibliothek). Kent.. James. St.S. W.S. Baltimore.. Corning. E.A. H. Dublin. Hayward's Heath. Cowbridge House.. 9.I. late R. Curzon of Kedleston... Esq.

K.. William Harrison. Slough. Hamburg Commerz-Bibliothek. Esq. U. Mass.S. Haswell. Carter H. Tiverton. Harvie-Brown. S.S. Esq. 1894 1903 1899 1899 1899 1847 1887 Gray. F. Esq. ). M. Kent.G. Whitehall Place. 4. Apthorp... W.. Texas. 130 Kenesaw Terrace. Gray. Tokyo (c/o Messrs.. George. Hamstead Road. 24. Gottingen. Esq.W. Foreign Office of Germany (Auswartiges Amt). Esq.. Chicago.S. Harvard University. Foster.XXIX 1894 1896 1847 1847 1893 1902 1893 191J Fisher.A. Catherine Lodge. K. Harrison. Germany.W. ILS A. Esq. L. West Division Street. George. Oxford. 111.. Mich. Esq. 1899 1904 1903 Heidelberg University Library. Savile . C. Carnegie (Central) Library. Naval & Military Club. Grosvenor Library. Esq. Iffley. Lessness Park. U. Gottingen University Library. Devon. CLE. Francis Henry Hill. D. Greenlee..D.W. Gruzevski.C. The White House. Tower House..A. Henderson.. Fitzgerald.. National Liberal Club. E. The Old Mill House. Sir George Taubman. Berlin. Cambridge.A. U. Shalford.S. Hannen. Esq.A.. Sefior Genaro.R. Harrison. West Houston Street. Forrest. F. Matthew Hamilton. 51.L. Kent. Trafalgar Square. Stirlingshire. Hon. Henderson. Merstham.. Monument Street.A. M. U. Germany. Nichols.. John Walker. 192.C. (c/o Messrs. Griffiths. Guildhall Library. Esq. S.. Hampton Road. Stevens and Brown). Studley Priory..Y. Pont Street. India Office.. Edward.R. The Right. Foster. George Handel. Hill. Goldie. Henry Arthur. M. Ashleigh.A. Esq. Abbey Wood.. Glasgow University Library. Hamburg.. Dunipace. Mass. Heawood. The Hall.. Hammersmith. 45... Esq. The Hon. Frederick Du Cane. Peninsular House.S.. Handsworth... Lovat. Esq. 1911 1847 1901 Garcia.. U. Wilhelmstrasse. F.. John Alexander. Chicago. Hyde Park Gardens. (President).. Turner. 424. William B. 1887 Birmingham. Boston. Arthur.A. Esq. Gladstone Library. 1847 1847 1880 1905 1847 1877 W.. W. Glasgow.. Esq. San Antonio. Heidelberg (Koestersche Buchhandlung). John G.. The Croft.. Piccadilly. Rose Bank. D. 5th Dragoon Guards. Esq. Esq. Esq. West Farleigh.. F. Buffalo. Charles William. N. Muskegon. Gill. S.W. Hammersmith Public Libraries. Bristol. Trumpington. Esq. 111. Apartado 337. Church Row. George William. William P..M. 1910 1S47 1901 1898 1906 1905 1847 1899 1899 Hackley Public Library. Oxford. Albert. (Treasurer). Larbert.A.. Marunouchi.. Mexico D. and 1.L.. Cambridge. Esq. Guildford.S. Harrow.. William.S. The Mazry. Surrey. The Park. Esq. Godman. Ford. Eraser. E. Esq. S. W. Milk Street. Captain Edward Arthur.C. Chelsea. U. Guillemard.S. W.C.C...

W. Esq. W. Calcutta. Botolph Club.. Hull. S. H6.CM.. Esq.G. Herr Karl Wilheltn. C.. Frouie. West 54th Street.. U.G. 4.D..W. 39. U. India Office.S. Horner. Hoover.S. Dudley Francis Amelius.M. W. P. St.D.W.B. 1899 1898 1911 1896 1907 1847 . Kesteven. Blackheath.A. Esq.S. U. L. Esq. LL. Johannesburg.. Prof. K.. Herrn Captain J.. Baltimore.. Mich. Esq. 1S99 1902 1904 1887 1890 1909 1899 Hiersemann. Holdich. [20 copies. S.G. Sir John Francis Fortescue. Herbert Clarke. Morton.S. Downing Street. Esq.. Hants. Johns Hopkins University.E. Benefit Street.S. The Albany. Boston. Courtfield Road. Inner Temple. C. Sweden. U. Royal University of. R.A.C. 17..A. U. Hippisley. W.C.S... K. Hubbard. Society of the. 2. James. Horn ton House.A. A. Hon. Temple. 2. 3.S. Orchard Road. Esq. Newbury Street. Esq. Schleswig-Holstein. Esq.XXX 1890 Hervey. Alleyne. Mells Park. C. Mass. Johannesburg Public Library. Baker Street.. Westfields. John Scott.G. Hans Place.. C.C. N. Society of the. Esq. M. John Carter Brown Library.A. W.O. Cambridge. Norman. Deansgate. East Saginaw. U. Vincent Street. Md..S.S. Suffolk. Kiel..A. Esq. Kiel. King's Inns.V. Ireland. Mass. Maryland. Altrincham Jones. Kaus..M.. Konigsstrasse.. Savile Row. S. Kimberley Public Library. M. Keltie. Dublin. Walter B. Baltimore.. Aldeburgh. Claude William. John Rylands Library. Secretary R... Glasgow. 357. U. Burlington 1909 1899 1899 1907 1898 1890 Gardens.] Ingle. 41.. Esq. Somerset. 1903 1887 Kansas University Library. 1.I. New York City. Stewart Douglas. James. 8. South Africa. New York City. Arthur Curtiss. Hornton Street.. Lexham Gardens. von. Hiigel. Piccadilly. Cape Colony. Kensington. C.C. Leipzig. Esq. Kinder...... Hull Public Libraries.A. M.A. Woodleigh. 1899 1847 1899 1892 1899 Sir Everard. Colonel Sir Thomas Hungerford.B. 1847 1847 1899 1910 Jackson.. Kindberg.. Lawrence.D. 92 Park Avenue. \V. U. Henrietta Street. Hoyt Public Library.. 1899 Im Thuru.E. Museum of Aivlueology and 1894 Ethnology. 61. William Bruncker.. The Hon. Rhode Island.E. Baron Anatole A. Fleet. Alfred Edward. H. Johnson. Providence.G. E. James Lumber Co. K. Herbert C re cent. K. James. Falmouth. H. U.A.S. Hungerford Street. Avondale Road.M. C. Manchester. Kelvin. Kimberley. W. St. Goteborg. Curator.

Long Island Historical Society. Esq. St.. NAY. Admiral Sir Albert Hastings. Chapel Street. Massie. Oatlands Park.. K. 109. Prestbury. C. Surrey Street. 111.A. Los Angeles. P. Sir Claude M.. Los Angeles Public Library. Frauce.C. Eccleston Square. Logan. Corso Umberto 1°. Oaklands. S... Loescher. 802. and Co. Esq. LI. Kingston Hill. Pierrepont Street.. Charles. Great Malvern. J. near Macclesteld.S. Pa. K. Liverpool. Larchmont Yacht Club. 12. S...S.R. Boston. Leeds Library. Cal. Ernest Wynne.A. U... London Library. London Institution. W. Henry. K. U.. Chicago. W. Klincksieck. Boylston Street. 1899 1899 1899 1899 1893 1899 1905 1899 1847 1896 1899 1899 1899 1847 1847 1895 1899 1899 1880 1895 1898 1880 1899 1910 1910 1899 1908 1904 1847 1899 1880 1852 Langton. Judah. George's Square.S. Martelli. Lincoln's Inn.G.M. Hargreaves Buildings.S.C. Major Roger Henry. Esq.O. P. U. King Street. Esq.W. Spruce Street.B... Arequipa. Peril. Lydenberg. H.V. J. Liverpool Geographical Society. Esq. Finsbury Circus. U. Lucas. Esq. K. South Bethlehem. Rue de Lille. 21. MacDonald.S. E. Strand.C.S. 6..C. George. Esq. Rome. Liverpool. E. Joseph. Esq.W.. 93.C. British Embassy. Leeds. Mo... 7. S. U. Library. 17. McCulloch. Lyon. Marsdeu.S. New Square. Lucas. Library of the University of Leipzig.Y.. Esq.. W..S. Lincoln.. Paris. Frederic Wm. 11. Fifth Avenue and Fortysecond Street. Levy. Regent's Park. Greville Place. Lowrey. T.C. Marble Arch. 4. Loughtou. S. Strand.A. Alex. 112w.S. Esq. Lyons University Library.A. Essex.M.A. 18.C. Japan.G. Vice-President). Tokio. Marquand. Queen's Road. William Brown Street. Whitegates Farm. U. Louis.. Lehigh University.. 18. Templemere. Esq. K. Commercial Street..C. Arthur. 14. Macrae.. Liverpool Free Public. Messrs. James's Square. Sir Clements Robert. New York.. Esq.S. Manchester Public Free Libraries. Sir Charles Prestwood.XXXI 1899 1899 1910 Kitchiug. St. Charles Colin.. Markham.A. H. Koninklijk Instituut voor de Taal Land en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch Indie. R. The Hermitage. 307..W.A. Weybridge.. Graham Road. W. Bedford. U. F. Damfriesshire. Messrs. University of Liverpool. St. Lieut. U. Markham. New York Public Library. Onslow Gardens. Adams Street. Rangoon.B.S. . Heatheryhaugh.. Esq. 1154..W. 11. 21. Massachusetts Historical Society.C. S. M.. Mass.B. Alfred Percival. The Right Hon.V..A. Esq. J. Esq. Brooklyn. 32 Montpelier Square. Esq. N. N.W. New York City. Liverpool.. A. M. Manchester. 65. G.C.O.C.A.B. H. Manierre. U..... New York City. Maggs Brothers.A.. Larchmont.. Knightsbridge. ( 1892 1905 1899 1847 1899 1905 The Hague.. Moffat.A. S.Y.. Sussex Place. Lindsay-Smith.W. Leipzig. -General Sir Arthur Lyttelton. John. Malvern Public Library. G.. Lyttleton-Annesley. Fred. William. U... Nassau Street. J. Maudslay.

Hof 1899 1896 1901 1911 1893 1899 1904 I s . James W. The Hon. Esq. 610.A. M. Newcastle-on-Tyne. A.W. 21. U. 111. 40.A. Peter's. Esq. 18.A. Hants. George Ernest.. Randolph Street. Martinus. Dr. & Co.W. Minneapolis. 2. U. Wm.A. Morse. E. McKay.. New York.A..M. Messer. Vernon. Morris. 37 West 44 Street. Mombasa. Esq.S. Nijhoff. Omaha Public Library. New York State Library.A.D. Staats-Bibliothek). J. 13.. St. 1847 Bhowanipore. New York Public Library. Chicago.. New Loudon.. Nebraska University Library. La Plata.A..A. Standard Bank of South Africa.. Conn.. N.A. Chicago. South Fifth Avenue. Mikkelsen. W. Esq. Pittsburgh. c/o Mrs. Germany.G. Dr. Russa Road North. Glasgow. New Bridge Street.. New York City.S.. Munich Royal Library (Kgl. North Adams Public Library. Mombasa Club. New York City. Nottingham. Allan E. St.S.1899 1906 1895 C..S. Massachusetts. Minnesota.A. Mitchell. Mt.. U. Lincoln. New South Wales.. Moreno.S. Esq. Alfred. Minnesota Historical Society.A. 200-206. Monson. South. Lord. Singel 421. La Plata Museum. Chicago. Lafayette Place. U. A. U.A. U. Newcastle on-Tyne. U.. Banbury. 1825.A. Michigan. K. St. Argentine Republic. Esq.. Albert. Netherlands. Milwaukee. Thanet. Albany. Peking.D. Wesleyan University Library. East Africa.. Michael A. Gough. U. 94. U. The. c/o H. Oriental Club. Burton Hall. Sussex. u.-Col.V. Morrison. S. Alfred Edward. Wood Street. The Hague. Newberry Library. G. New York Athletic Club.. Northcliffe. Nottingham Public Library. Minneapolis Athenaeum. New York. Lyall Street.O. Partickhill. Paul... Ardocb.E.A. Nathan.A.S. U. Belgrave Square.. R. Miller Street. M. Amsterdam. Lincoln. Forbesfield Road. U. M. Minn. Milwaukee Public Library. Netherlands. U. Pa.S. Wabash Avenue. Elmwood. Evanston. Esq.A.A. The Lodge.S.S. U.A. Ann Arbor. 111. Times Correspondent. Legation. U. near 1899 Mukhopadhyay..A. Conn. J.. C. Public Library of.. 36. Victoria Street.. Durban. Merrimau. W. Mills. Hanover Square. Newcastle-upon-Tyne Public Library. Holland. Munich. Nebraska. U.S. Sherwood Street. Esq. The High Commissioner for.W. Aberdeen. Chas. Esq. Souldern.S. Central Park. U. Middletown.A.. The Right Hon. 14. U.. Newcastle-upon-Tyne Literary and Philosophical Society. Sir Matthew.. Piccadilly.S. 421. 19th and Harney Streets. Westgate Road. George's Court.S..W. U. 111.. New York City.S. Wisconsin.. Esq.S. Esq. Mitchell. New Zealand. Lt. Lord.S.B. 215-221. New London Public Library. Asutosh. Omaha. R. 1899 1894 1909 1880 1899 1847 1847 1899 1894 1899 1899 1895 1847 1894 1897 1911 1896 1893 1899 1898 1890 77. University of.S. Naval and Military Club. Nebraska. S.S.D. Droaks. Francisco J.. Conn. Royal Library of the. . Sydney. Calcutta.S. Mich. Gloucester Road. Morrisson.. Colonel Dudley Acland. Glasgow. Henry Cecil Low. The Right Hon. Bognor. Mitchell Library. Messrs.S. LL. J. Morrison. The Hague. S.. New York Yacht Club.. Gothic Cottage. Asbury Avenue. Royal Geographical Society of the (Koninklijk Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Geuootschap).C.E. Illinois. Esq..7 1896 1895 1899 1899 1898 1899 1902 1899 1901 1893 1899 1911 McClurg. Beaulieu. U..M. Moxon.

. Paris.S. U. Pratt. 13. Garrick Street. Esq.. D. Consulate. c/o Mr. U. Horikawa. Avenue. Rio de Janeiro. U. 1894 Quaritch. 104. Esq... Manchester.. Pierce. S. E..C. 8. Japan. Oxford and Cambridge Club. 1890 1910 1847 1899 1895 1887 Raffles 1907 1882 New Bond Street. G. University Club. Stephen's Club. Royal Marine Barracks.. H. H. Plymouth Proprietary and Cottonian Library. Philadelphia. Tremont Street.M. Washington. Andre' C. Pearson.. G. Washington. Bullitt Buildings. Bibliotheque Rationale.. 1899 1880 1908 1847 Pan-American Union. Singapore. New York (c/o Suckling & Co. Methodist Epis. Philadelphia.S. 1311. Rousdon. . Quai de Conti 23. Pall Mall. St. Philadelphia.G... Institut de France. Rue Almte. Richards. Union League Club. Philadelphia. Mass. Bank House...A.B. Anglo-Chinese School..C. Mission. Harold George. South Africa. Ridgecroft..S. Riggs. Ricketts. Kingston Hill. Rue de Richelieu. Pa.. Southport. Pa. Officers' Library.C. Consulate General. Ridgeway Rd. U. Boston. The Rev.. Museum and Library. Lyme Regis. 222. Penrose.S. Pall Mall. Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick William. Peek. Lexington Avenue. F. Nishi Honganji.. 1896 1893 1904 1899 1911 1899 1880 Peech.C. W.A. J. Comandart5. W. John Thomas. Broad Street. Hurlingham Court. Esq. F. Cornwall Street.M. Japan. Philadelphia. Esq. Daireu. U..S. Oxford. Peirce. S. D.. Esq.. 1895 1S99 Philadelphia Free Library.A. Westminster.C. Pretoria Government Library. U.. W. 8. R. Kozui.. Baltimore. New York City. 1. U. Library Company of. Lord. F.W. Imperial Chinese Railways. Esq. S. U. Philadelphia. Rodrigues. Tientsin. Pa. Henry William. 34. U.. A. Mass. S.S. Commonwealth Library. Dr.A. Dr. S..W.L. 1899 1899 1910 1909 1899 1847 1899 1904 1894 1911 Penang. Esq..A. Pequot Library. Paris. Lancashire.A. Redhill.. Wisbech (Vice President).. Map-Curator. Esq. Esq. Pa. Pykett. Bernard Alfred. Esq. Pa. Poor. Esq. (12 copiks).. Drexel Building.A.A. H. S.S. Plymouth. Melbourne.S. Harold. Philadelphia.. Sir Wilfred.A. R. 1911 1847 1847 Paris.W. W.S.XXX111 1902 1899 1847 Otani.. The Right Hon.. Esq. 1510 Walnut Street.S.W.. Portico Library..B. U. Md. Esq. H. Oxford Union Society. Reform Club. Peabody Institute. Petherick.W.S. China. D.. Grafton Street. Reeves. Pretoria. Grover. China. 57. corner Juniper & Locust Streets. Peckover of Wisbech. 11. Bart. E. Paris. Esq. A. The Elms. Coombe House. 43.. U. Parlett.A. U. D.B. Kyoto. F. Edward Augustus. Conn. 71. Lytham. Peixoto. S. P.) Plymouth.A. Reggio.A. Mosley Street. Transvaal. Rhodes.. N. Philadelphia. Josiah.S.S. Tientsin. Esq..

XXXIV
1911
1899

1899

Rio de Janeiro, Archivo Publico Nacional, Sa da Republica, No. 26.
Rockhill, H.E. the Hon. William Woodville, United States Ambassador,
St. Petersburg, Russia.
Rodd, H.E. The Right Hon. Sir James Reunell, G.C.V.O., K.C.M.G., C.B.,
British Embassy, Rome.

1898
1906
1911
1893
1847
1896
1847
1847
1890
1897
1847
1899
1904
1900

Rohrscheid and Ebbecke, Herrn, Am Hof, 28, Bonn, Germany.
Rotterdamsch Leeskabinet, Rotterdam.
Royal Anthropological Institute, 50, Great Russell Street, W.C.
Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich.
Royal Colonial Institute, Northumberland Avenue, W.C.
Royal Cruising Club, 40, Chancery Lane. W.C.
Royal Engineers' Institute, Chatham.
Royal Geographical Society, 1, Savile Row, Burlington Gardens, W.
Royal Scottish Geographical Society, Synod Hall, Castle Terrace, Edinburgh.
Royal Societies Club, 63, St. James\s Street. S.W.
Royal United Service Institution, Whitehall, S.W.
Runciman, The Right Hon. Walter, M.P., Doxford, Chathill, Northumberland.
Ruxton, Captain Upton Fitz Herbert. Little Drove House, Singleton, Sussex.
Ryley, John Horton, Esq., Primrose Lodge, Little Maplestead, Halstead, Essex.

1899
1899
1893
1890
1899
1847
1894
1911
1899
1902
1899
1899
1906
1894

St.

1898
1847
1890
1910
1904
1906
1896
1899
1847
1909
1899
1904
1904
1894
1847
1847

Andrews University, St. Andrews.
Hawarden, Flintshire, N. Wales.

St. Deiniol's Library,

New Brunswick, Free Public Library.
Louis Mercantile Library, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.A.
St. Martin's-in-the-Fields Free Public Library, 115, St. Martin's Lane, W.C.
St. Petersburg University Library, St. Petersburg.
St. Wladimir University, Kiew, Russia.
Saise, Walter, Esq., D.Sc, M. Inst. C.E., Stapleton, Bristol.
San Francisco Public Library, San Francisco, Cal., U.S.A.
Sanborn, Geo. P., Esq., 37-39, Liberty Street, New York, U.S.A.
Sclater, Dr. William Lutley, Odiham Priory, Winchfield.
Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.
Seligmann, Charles Gabriel, Esq., M.B., 36, Finchley Road, N.W.
Seymour, Admiral of the Fleet the Right Hon. Sir Edward Hobart, G.C.B.,
O.M., G.C.V.O., LL.D., Queen Anne's Mansions, St. James's Park, S.W.
Sheffield Free Public Libraries, Surrey Street, Sheffield.
Signet Library, 11, Parliament Square, Edinburgh.
Sinclair, Mrs. William Frederic, 102, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, S.W.
Skimming, E. H. B., Esq., 6, Cleveland Terrace, W.
Smith, John Langford, Esq., H. B. M. Consular Service, China, c/o E. Greenwood, Esq., Frith Knowl, Elstree.
Smith, J. de Beruiere, Esq., 4, Gloucester Terrace, Regent's Park, N.W.
Smithers, F. Oldershaw, Esq., Dashwood House, 9, New Broad Street, E.C.
Society Geografica Italiana, Via del Plebiscito 102, Rome.
Societe de Geographie, Boulevard St. Germain, 184, Paris.
Solomon, Hon. E. P., Minister of Public Works, Pretoria, Transvaal.
St. John's,

St.

South African Public Library, Queen Victoria Street, Cape Town, South Africa.
Speight, Ernest Edwin, Esq., Slemdal, Christiauia.
Stanton, John, Esq., High Street, Chorley, Lancashire.
Stephens, Henry Charles, Esq., Cholderton Lodge, Cholderton, Salisbury.
Stevens, Son, and Stiles, Messrs. Henry, 39, Great Russell Street, W.C.
Stockholm, Royal Library of (Kungl. Biblioteket), Sweden.

XXXV
1895
1905
1890
1882
1904

Stockton Public Library, Stockton,

Cal.,

U.S.A.

Storer, Albert H., Esq., Ridgefield, Ct., U.S.A.
Strachey, Lady, 67, Belsize Park Gardens, N.W.
Strassburg, Kaiserl. Universitats u. Landesbibliothek.
Suarez, Colonel Don Pedro (Bolivian Legation), Santa Cruz, 74,

Compayne

Gardens, N.W.

1905

1909
1908
1899
1910

West Commerce

301,
Street, San Antonio,
Sullivan, John
Texas, U.S.A.
Swan, J. I). C, Dr., 25, Ruthven Street, Glasgow.
Sydney, University of, New South Wales.
Sykes, Major Percy Molesworth, C.M.G., Queen's Bays, H.M.'s Consul General
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Cotter,

Esq.,

1897

Tangye, Richard Trevithick Gilbertstone, Esq., LL.B., 1, KiDg's Bench Walk.
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1894
1910
1899
1894
1906

Taylor, Captain William Robert, 1, Daysbrook Road, Streatham Hill, S.W.
Teleki, Count Paul, Joszef-ter., 7, Budapest V.
Temple, Lieut.-Col. Sir Richard Carnac, Bart., CLE., The Nash, nr. Worcester.
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1896
1904
1896
1890

Tighe, Walter Stuart, Esq., Rossanagh, Ashford, Co. Wicklow.
Todd, Commander George James, R.N., The Manse, Kingsbarns, Fife.
Toronto Public Library, Toronto, Ont., Canada.
Toronto University, Toronto, Ont., Canada.
Tower, Sir Reginald, K.C.M.G., C.V.O., 8, Baker Street, Portman Square,
Travellers' Club, 106, Pall Mall, S.W.
Trinder, Arnold. Esq., River House, Walt<m-on-Thanies.
Trinder, Oliver Jones, Esq., Cedar Grange, Caterham Valley, Surrey.
Trinity College, Cambridge.
Trinity House, The Hon. Corporation of, Tower Hill. E.C.
Tuckerman, Paul, Esq., 59, Wall Street, New York, U.S.A.
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1899

India.

106, Piccadilly,

1911

1847
1899
1899
1847
1847
1911
1890
1902

Tweedy, Arthur H.,

W.

Esq.,

Widmore Lodge, Widmore. Bromley, Kent.

1847
1899
1847
1899
1847

United States Congress, Library of, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
United States National Museum (Library of), Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
United States Naval Academy Library, Annapolis, Md., U.S.A.
University of London, South Kensington, S.W.
Upsala University Library, Upsala, Sweden.

1905

Van Norden, Theodore Langdon,

Esq., 22,

West 59th

Street,

New York

U.S.A.
1911
1899

W.

Van Ortroy, Professor F., Universite de Gand, Belgium.
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City,

189f

Victoria, Public
Australia.

Library,

Museums, and National

Gallery

of,

Melbourne,

1887
1909

Vienna Imperial Library (K. K. Hof-Bibliothek), Vienna.
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1904

Wagner, Herrn H., and E. Debes, Geographische Anstalt, Briiderstrasse

1907
1902
1894
1847
1847
1899
1899
1906
1899

Waite, C. B., Esq., Sau Juan de Letrau

190~>

.

23,

Leipzig.

Mexico, D.F.
War Office, Mobilisation and Intelligence Library, Whitehall, S.W.
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3,

Washington, Department of State, D.C., U.S.A.
Washington, Library of Navy Department, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
Watanabe, Chiharu, Esq. 4, Shimotakanawamachi, Shibaku, Tokyo, Japan.
Watkiuson Library, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.A.
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1

1898
1899
1893
1910
1899
1899
1895
1900

Barbara. California ).
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Westminster School, Dean's Yard, S.W.
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1907
1899
1910
1899

Woolf, Leonard Sidney, Esq., Hambantota, Ceylon.
Worcester, Massachusetts, Free Library, Worcester, Mass., U.S.A.
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1903
1899

,

Solomon

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New

1847
1894

Young,

1847

Zurich, Stadtbibliothek, Zurich, Switzerland.

Yale University,

Haven, Conn., U.S.A.
Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.

Alfales, Esq., Salt

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