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Reviewer in Computer

Communication transmission of data


CHAPTER 1
from one device to another
Pervasive Computing also referred to as Data unorganized facts (Audio, Video,
ubiquitous computing; the computers have Text)
become an integral part of our lives.
Information data processed into
Computer Literacy The knowledge and meaningful form.
understanding of basic computer
PRECOMP. & EARLY COMPUTERS (Before
fundamentals
approx. 1945)
COMPUTERS IN HOME (POVE)
Abacus earliest calculating device, made
Productivity and Communication
by Babylonians.
Punch card tabulating machine by Herman
Online Shopping and Banking
Hollerith used to process 1890 U.S.
Entertainment
Voice Over IP (VOIP) making phone consensus
calls over the internet
FIRST GENERATION COMP. (Approx. 1946
COMPUTERS IN EDUCATION (2CPD)
1957)
Computer Labs and Classrooms
ENIAC was created to compute artillery Presentations
firing tables
Wireless Hotspots
UNIVAC was created to compute US
Distance Learning
Consensus, first computer to be mass
COMPUTERS IN WORKPLACE (2CAPOD)
produced
Decision-making
Productivity
SECOND GENERATION COMP. (Approx.
Collaboration
1958 1963)
Off site Communications
IBM 1401 used transistors instead of
Authenticity
vacuum tubes
Customer Service
COMPUTERS ON THE GO
THIRD GENERATION COMP. (Approx. 1964
Portable Computers carry with them 1970)
all times
DEC PDP-8 used integrated circuits (IC)
Consumer Kiosks registry
instead of transistors
information
FOURTH GENERATION COMP. (Approx.
Self- Check out Systems ay for
1971 Present)
purchases without employee
M Commerce Systems C.P, mode for IBM PC based on microprocessors
payment
FIFTH GENERATION COMP. (Now Future)
Consumer authentication systems
allow access for authorized members - artificial intelligence
GPS Application navigational
Hardware physical parts of the computer
purposes
Input Devices keyboard and
Computer programmable electronic
mouse
device that accepts data input, performs

Processing Devices CPU


processing operations on that data, outputs

Output Devices Monitor


and stores the result.
Storage Devices Flash Drives
Communication Devices Modems
PRIMARY OPERATIONS (Information
Processing Cycle)
Software Computer programs
1. Input entering data
System Software allows the computer to
2. Processing Performs operations
operate
3. Output presents result
Operating System enables a
4. Storage saving data
computer to operate and manage its

resources and activities.


Computer Network A collection of
Application Software performs specific computers and other hardware devices that
tasks
are connected together to share hardware,
Games
software, and to communicate electronically
with one another.
Web Browser
Network Server manage the data flowing
Email-Programming
through the network devices and resources
Multimedia Programming
on a network
Word Processing Programming
Internet well-known for computer
Computer User a person who uses a
network
computer
Programmer A person whose primary job Internet Service Provider (ISP) provides
responsibility is to write, maintain, and test internet for a fee.
World Wide Web collection of web pages
computer programs.
available through the internet.
Embedded Computer tiny computers
Web Page A document typically
made to perform specific functions
Mobile Devices has a built in computing containing hyperlinks to other documents,
located on a Web server and available
and internet ability
Personal Computers- designed to be used through the World Wide Web
Web Server files stored on computer
by one person at a time
Web Site Web pages belonging to a
Desktop PC deigned to fit on or
comp./individual
next to a desk
Web Browser to view web pages
Portable PC a small personal
Internet Address address that identifies
computer designed to be carried
a computer, person, or Web page on the
around easily
internet
Notebook, Laptop comp, Tablet PC
IP Address a numeric internet address
used with a pen
used to uniquely identify a computer on the
Handheld Computers (ultra mobile
Internet.
personal computers) size of a
Domain name a text-based Internet
paperback book
address
Midrange Servers computers that host
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
data and programs available to a small
uniquely identifies a web page.
group of users
Hypertext transfer protocol (http)
Mainframe computers powerful
display web pages
computers used to host large amount of
File transfer protocol (ftp) upload and dl
data and programs available to a wide group
files
of users
Secure hypertext transfer protocol
Supercomputers extremely powerful
(https) display secure Web pages
computers used for complex computations
Hypertext Markup Language (.html /
and processing; fastest, most expensive,
.htm) create web pages
and most powerful type of computer.
E-mail Address an Internet address
Supercomputing cluster a
consisting of a username and computer
supercomputer comprised of
domain name that uniquely identifies a
numerous smaller computers
person on the internet.
connected together to a set as a
Username A name that uniquely
single computer.
identifies a user on a particular network
Thin Clients- A PC designed to access a
Boot to start up a computer
network for processing and data storage,
Hyperlink Text or an image that is linked
instead of performing tasks locally; also
to a web page or other type of documents
called a network computer (NC)
Electronic mail (E-mail) Electronic
Internet Application A specialized
messages sent from one user to another
network computer designed primarily for
over the internet or other network.
Internet access and/ or e-mail exchange
Spam unsolicited e-mails

Malware harmful programs that can be


installed in your PC without your knowledge
Computer virus a malicious software
program designed to change the way a
computer operates.
Identity theft someone else uses your
identity
Phishing in which identity thieves send
fraudulent e-mails to people masquerading
as legitimate business to obtain personal
information to be used for identity theft.