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Faults, Causes & their Remedy in Knitted fabric:

1. Hole Mark Causes:

Holes are the results of yarn breakage or yarn cracks.
During loop formation the yarn breaks in the rejoin of the needle hook.
If the yarn count is not correct on regarding structure, gauge, course and
Badly knot or splicing.
Yarn feeder badly set.
Yarn strength must be sufficient to withstand the stretch as well as uniform.
Use proper count of yarn.
Correctly set of yarn feeder.
Knot should be given properly.
2. Needle Mark Causes:
When a needle breaks down then needle mark comes along the fabrics.
If a needle or needle hook is slightly bends then needle mark comes on the fabrics.
Needle should be straight as well as from broken latch.
3. Sinker Mark Causes:
When sinker corrode due to abrasion then some times can not hold a new
loop as a result sinker mark comes.
If sinker head bend then sinker mark comes.
Sinker should be changed.
4. Star Mark Causes:
Yarn tension variation during production.
Buckling of the needle latch.
Low G.S.M fabric production.
Maintain same Yarn tension during production.
Use good conditioned needles.
5. Drop Stitches Causes:
Defective needle.
If yarn is not properly fed during loop formation i.e. not
properly laid on to the needle hook.
Take-down mechanism too loose.
Insufficient yarn tension.
Badly set yarn feeder.
Needle should be straight & well.
Proper feeding of yarn during loop formation.
Correct take up of the fabric & correct fabric tension.
Yarn tension should be properly.

6. Oil stain Causes:

When oil lick through the needle trick then it pass on the fabrics and make a line.
Ensure that oil does not pass on the fabrics.
Well maintenance as well as proper oiling.
7. Rust stain Causes:
If any rust on the machine parts.
If any rust on the machine parts then clean it.
Proper maintenance as well as proper oiling.
8. Pin hole Causes:
Due to break down or bend of the latch, pin hole may come in the fabric.
Change the needle.
9. Grease stain Causes:
Improper greasing
Excess greasing
Proper greasing as well as proper maintenance
10. Cloth fall- out Causes:
Cloth fall- out can occur after a drop stitch especially when an empty needle with an
empty needle with closed latch runs into the yarn feeder and remove the yarn out of the
hook of the following needles.
All the above woven fabric faults have explained in the following:
1. Bad or defective selvedge:
Bad selvedge in woven fabric due to the faulty weaving. Here,
warp ends being set too far apart for the thickness of the yarn or
in finished fabric.

2. Broken ends or warp:

A defect in the woven fabric caused by a warp yarn that was
broken during weaving or finishing.

3. Broken picks or weft:

A filling yarn that is broken in the weaving of fabric.

warp yarn is slow.

4. Loose warp:
This type of
fault is produced
woven fabric wh
n the tension of

5. Loose weft or snarl:

It is produced in woven fabric due to the looseness of filling yarn.

6. Double ends:
This kind of fault is produced in woven fabric when the two ends of warp sticks get together
after sizing.

7. Tight ends:
If the tension of warp yarn is more than the other ends present in the
loom then this type of fault is produced in woven fabric.

8. Float of warp:
If someone pulls the fabric together the cloth
roller intentionally or unintentionally then this
kind of defect is produced in woven fabric.
9. Wrong end color:
It is produced in woven fabric due to the wrong
drawing of colored yarn.

10. Miss pick:

This kind of defect is produced in woven fabric when operator starts a stopped machine without
picking the broken weft from the shade.

11. Double pick:

It is produced in woven fabric when the cutter dont work properly.

12. Ball:
If the warp is too much hairy then the reed will create ball in warp yarn in between reed and
heald shaft. If the ball is small enough to pass through the dent of reed then those will form the
ball in fabric.

13. Hole:
A fabric imperfection in which one or several yarns are sufficiently damaged to create an

14. Oil spot or stain:

Discoloration on a local area of a substrate that may be resistant to remove by laundering or
dry cleaning. It occurs during spinning, weaving or finishing. It is also often seen in the woven
fabric. It is also produced in woven fabric if too much oiling has done on the loom parts.