You are on page 1of 7

Cambridge Vocabulary for IELTS Unit 3

Keeping fit
fit adj healthy and strong, especially because you do regular physical exercise
Top athletes have to be very fit.
fit (to do something)He won't be fit to play in the match on Saturday.
fit (for something) (British English)He's had a bad cold and isn't fit enough for
work yet.
Opposite unfit
Diet
1.1
moderately adv to an average extent; fairly but not very
SYNONYM reasonably
a moderately successful career
She only did moderately well in the exam.
1.2
1 variety
2 nutrients
vital adj necessary or essential in order for something to succeed or exist
vital (for something) the vitamins that are vital for health
vital (to something) Good financial accounts are vital to the success of any
enterprise
vital that It is vital that you keep accurate records when you are selfemployed.
vital to do something It was vital to show that he was not afraid.
nutrient n (specialist) a substance that is needed to keep a living thing alive and to help it
to grow
a lack of essential nutrients
Plants draw minerals and other nutrients from the soil.
children suffering from a serious nutrient deficiency
leading adj [only before noun] most important or most successful
leading experts
She was offered the leading role in the new TV series.
dietitian (also dietician) a person whose job is to advise people on what kind of food
they should eat to keep healthy
3 servings
serving an amount of food for one person
This recipe will be enough for four servings.
4) maintain
maintain something to make something continue at the same level, standard, etc.
SYNONYM preserve
to maintain law and order/standards/a balance

The two countries have always maintained close relations.


5 overweight
overweight adj (of people) too heavy and fat
She was only a few pounds overweight.
A number of medical conditions are due to being overweight.You dont look
overweight.
Opposite underweight
6 factors
moderate adj that is neither very good, large, hot, etc. nor very bad, small, cold, etc.
students of moderate ability
Even moderate amounts of the drug can be fatal.
portion an amount of food that is large enough for one person
a generous portion of meat
She cut the cake into six small portions.
be tempted to want something or to want to do something
"Did you apply for that job?" "Well, I was very tempted, but I decided not to."
I was sorely (= very) tempted to resign after my boss screamed at me for the
second time.
skip something to not do something that you usually do or should do
I often skip breakfast altogether.
(especially North American English) She decided to skip class that afternoon.
7 overeating
curb something to control or limit something, especially something bad
SYNONYM check
He needs to learn to curb his temper.
A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation.
appetite [uncountable, countable, usually singular] physical desire for food
He suffered from headaches and loss of appetite.
The walk gave me a good appetite.
Don't spoil your appetite by eating between meals.
8 ingredients
eliminate to remove or get rid of something/somebody
eliminate something/somebody Credit cards eliminate the need to carry a lot of
cash.
eliminate something/somebody from something The police have eliminated two
suspects from their investigation.
ingredient (of/in/for something) one of the things from which something is made,
especially one of the foods that are used together to make a particular dish
Coconut is a basic ingredient for many curries.

Mix all the ingredients in a bowl.


intake uncountable, countable, the amount of food, drink, etc. that you take into your
body
high fluid intake
to reduce your daily intake of salt
trigger something (off) to make something happen suddenly
SYNONYM set off
Nuts can trigger off a violent allergic reaction.
1.3
1 vital

2 dietitians

3 moderate

4 portions

5 skipping

miss out to fail to use an opportunity to enjoy or get an advantage from something
Don't miss out on the fantastic bargains in our summer sale.
We didn't have a TV at home when I was young, and I felt as though
I missed out.
6 curb
curb something to control or limit something, especially something bad
SYNONYM check
He needs to learn to curb his temper.
A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation.
7 appetite
8 eliminate
9 allergy
10 trigger
activate something to make something such as a device or chemical process start
working
The burglar alarm is activated by movement.
The gene is activated by a specific protein.
Vocabulary note
other than(usually used in negative sentences) except
I don't know any French people other than you.
We're going away in June but other than that I'll be here all summer.
appetite [uncountable, countable, usually singular] physical desire for food
He suffered from headaches and loss of appetite.
The walk gave me a good appetite.
Don't spoil your appetite by eating between meals.
healthy adj normal and sensible
The child showed a healthy curiosity.
She has a healthy respect for her rival's talents.
Opposite unhealthy
disrespect (for/to somebody/something) U C a lack of respect for
somebody/something

disrespect for the law/the dead


No disrespect intended, sir. It was just a joke.
authority [uncountable] the power to give orders to people
in a position of authority
She now has authority over the people who used to be her bosses.
Health and exercise
2.1
1 muscle
2 fat 3 blood flow
flow (of something/somebody) the steady and continuous movement of
something/somebody in one direction
She tried to stop the flow of blood from the wound.
an endless flow of refugees into the country
heart attack a sudden serious medical condition in which the heart stops working
normally, sometimes causing death
artery any of the tubes that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body
blocked arteries
4 carries blood
5 blocked
6 treatment
stroke a sudden serious illness when a blood vessel (= tube) in the brain bursts or is
blocked, which can cause death or the loss of the ability to move or to speak clearly
to have/suffer a stroke
The stroke left him partly paralysed.
blockage the state of being blocked
to cause/clear the blockage
artery any of the tubes that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body
blocked arteries
7 brain
as yet until now or until a particular time in the past
an as yet unpublished report
As yet little was known of the causes of the disease.
8 cure
9 clear
10 risk
Script
build-up singular, uncountable] an increase in the amount of something over a period of
time
a steady build-up of traffic in the evenings
carbon dioxide build-up in the atmosphere
block something to stop something from moving or flowing through a pipe, a passage, a
road, etc. by putting something in it or across it
After today's heavy snow, many roads are still blocked.
a blocked sink
heart attack a sudden serious medical condition in which the heart stops working
normally, sometimes causing death

blockage the state of being blocked


to cause/clear the blockage
stroke a sudden serious illness when a blood vessel (= tube) in the brain bursts or is
blocked, which can cause death or the loss of the ability to move or to speak clearly
to have/suffer a stroke
The stroke left him partly paralysed.
debilitate somebody/something to make somebodys body or mind weaker
a debilitating disease
The troops were severely debilitated by hunger and disease.
thereby adv (formal) used to introduce the result of the action or situation mentioned
Regular exercise strengthens the heart, thereby reducing the risk of heart attack.
2.2
(only three) walking, jogging, running, swimming, cycling
jog (also go jogging) [intransitive] to run slowly and steadily for a long time, especially
for exercise
I go jogging every evening.
Answers
B) briskly
C) gradually D) recommendation E) pace
F) overdoing
G) recover H) alternate
fixed adj staying the same; not changing or able to be changed
fixed prices a fixed rate of interest
people living on fixed incomes
pace [singular, uncountable] the speed at which somebody/something walks, runs or
moves
to set off at a steady/gentle/leisurely pace
Congestion frequently reduces traffic to walking pace.
excess n [singular, uncountable] more than is necessary, reasonable or acceptable
You can throw away any excess.
excess of something Are you suffering from an excess of stress in your life?
overdo something to do something too much; to exaggerate something
She really overdid the sympathy (= and so did not seem sincere).
alternate adj [usually before noun] of two things) happening or following one after the
other regularly
alternate layers of fruit and cream
Stretch up 30 times with alternate arms as a warm-up exercise.
Script
work something off to get rid of something, especially a strong feeling, by using
physical effort
She worked off her anger by going for a walk.
still adj not moving; calm and quiet
still water
Keep still while I brush your hair.

aerobic adj (of physical exercise) especially designed to improve the function of the
heart and lungs
aerobic exercise
Opposite anaerobi
thus adv as a result of something just mentioned
SYNONYM hence, therefore
He is the eldest son and thus heir to the title.
We do not own the building. Thus, it would be impossible for us to make any
major changes to it.
jog (also go jogging) [intransitive] to run slowly and steadily for a long time, especially
for exercise
I go jogging every evening.
fairly adv (before adjectives and adverbs) to some extent but not very
a fairly easy book a fairly typical reaction
I know him fairly well, but I wouldn't say we were really close friends.
overdo something to do something too much; to exaggerate something
She really overdid the sympathy (= and so did not seem sincere).
alternate adj [usually before noun] of two things) happening or following one after the
other regularly
alternate layers of fruit and cream
Stretch up 30 times with alternate arms as a warm-up exercise.
alternate [ T usually + adv/prep ] to make something happen or exist one after the other
repeatedly
He alternated working in the office with long tours overseas.
Error warning
Vocabulary note
repetitious adj (often disapproving) involving something that is often repeated, in a way
that becomes boring
a long and repetitious speech
3 Word building
allergy//allergic
benefit//benefit//beneficial
harm//harm//harmful//harmless
health//healthy//unhealthy
infection//infect//disinfect//infectious
nutrition//nourish//nutritious
obesity//obese
prevention//prevent//preventable
recommendation//recommend//recommended
variety//vary//various/varied
beneficial (to something/somebody) (formal) improving a situation; having a helpful or
useful effect
SYNONYM advantageous, favourable
A good diet is beneficial to health.

They finally came to a mutually beneficial agreement.


Opposite detrimental
disinfect something to clean something using a substance that kills bacteria
to disinfect a surface/room/wound
nutrition U the process by which living things receive the food necessary for them to
grow and be healthy / s nui dng, s dinh dng
advice on diet and nutrition
to study food science and nutrition
nourish somebody/something to keep a person, an animal or a plant alive and healthy
with food, etc. / nui, nui nng, nui dng
All the children were well nourished and in good physical condition.
Most plants are nourished by water drawn up through their roots.
nutritious adj (approving) (of food) very good for you; containing many of the
substances which help the body to grow
SYNONYM nourishing
tasty and nutritious meals
preventable adj that can be stopped from happening
preventable diseases/accidents
recommended adj suggested by experts
recommended approach/guidelines/practice
They failed to meet the recommended safety guidelines.
various adj several different
SYNONYM diverse
Tents come in various shapes and sizes.
She took the job for various reasons.
various adj (formal) having many different features
SYNONYM diverse
a large and various country
varied adj (usually approving) of many different types
varied opinions a wide and varied selection of cheeses