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CHAPTER 5

DEMOLITION
&
RENOVATION WORKS

Understand the demolition and renovation works.


Describe the demolition works, renovation works, extension works and
maintenance.
Describe the purpose, scope and requirement of the above.
Explain the operation sequence in the demolition & renovation works.

Understand the underpinning works.


Explain the purpose of underpinning.
Determine the conditions that require underpinning.
Explain the types of underpinning.
Explain the suitability of underpinning works.
Illustrate the construction of underpinning.
Sketch the construction of underpinning works.

DEMOLITION
is the tearing-down of buildings and other structures.
Demolition contrasts with deconstruction, which involves taking a building apart
while carefully preserving valuable elements for re-use.
For small buildings, such as houses, that are only two or three stories high, demolition
is a rather simple process.
The building is pulled down either manually or mechanically using large hydraulic
equipment: elevated work platforms, cranes, excavators or bulldozers.
Larger buildings may require the use of a wrecking ball, a heavy weight on a cable
that is swung by a crane into the side of the buildings.
Wrecking balls are especially effective against masonry, but are less easily controlled
and often less efficient than other methods.
Newer methods may use rotational hydraulic shears and silenced rock-breakers
attached to excavators to cut or break through wood, steel, and concrete.
The use of shears is especially common when flame cutting would be dangerous.

METHODS OF DEMOLITION
Manual
Mechanical
--Crane and demolition ball
--Pneumatic impact tool
--Mechanical arm
--Explosion

ASSIGNMENT 2
Due date 07/08/2016
Cover
Table of content
Picture/diagram
Conclusion
Reference
Hardcopy
Soft copy

MECHANICAL
Crane and ball demolition
Crane and ball demolition is one of the oldest
demolition methods devised and is still commonly
used
Cheap
Save time
Less cost

RENOVATION
Renovation (also called remodelling) is the process of
improving a broken, damaged, or outdated structure.
Renovations are typically either commercial or residential.
Additionally, renovation can refer to making something
new, or bringing something back to life and can apply in
social contexts.
For example, a community can be renovated if it is
strengthened and revived.

UNDERPINNING
Definition:

Process of strengthening and stabilizing the foundation of an existing building


or other structure.
Underpinning is a method used to increase foundation depth or repairing
faulty foundations.
Main objective:
Transfer load carried by existing foundation from its present bearing level to
new level at lower depth.

Underpinning works

Underpinning works

CONDITIONS REQUIRE FOR


UNDERPINNING:

Original foundation not strong/stable enough


Properties of the soil support the foundation has changes
Usage of the structure has changed
The excavation for construction nearby disturbed the soil supporting the existing
foundation
More economical then build a new foundation
Load bearing capacity of foundation to enable an extra storey be added to
existing structure
Change the use of the building that increase the imposed loading
Required when constructing a basement adjacent/lower to existing foundation.
Laying deep services near to or below the existing foundation

OTHERS CONDITIONS REQUIRE FOR


UNDERPINNING
Uneven loading
Unequal resistance of the subsoil
Action of tree roots
Action of subsoil water
Cohesive soil settlement
Deterioration of foundation concrete

SITE SURVEY & PRELIMINARY WORKS


Notice to adjoining owners with full details/necessary info.

Detailed survey (photo/defects record)


Indicator/tell tales fix over crack for notification/monitoring
Site survey & preliminary works

Investigation to determined the cause.


Obtain permission from adjoining owners
The loading on structure should be reduced as much as possible

Any services should be identify, exposed, supported and protected

TYPES OF UNDERPINNING
Traditional underpinning
Wall underpinning
Jack pile underpinning
Needle and pile underpinning
Pynford stooling method
Bullivant double-angle piling
Cerfax Hoopsafe Method
Final pinning

Underpinning Methods