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ParoleandProbationAdministration
(Philippines)
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

TheParoleandProbationAdministration
(Filipino:PangasiwaanngParolatProbasyon),
abbreviatedasPPA,isanagencyofthePhilippine
governmentundertheDepartmentofJustice
responsibleforprovidingalesscostlyalternative
toimprisonmentoffirsttimeoffenderswhoare
likelytorespondtoindividualizedcommunity
basedtreatmentprograms.

ParoleandProbationAdministration
PangasiwaanngParolatProbasyon
Abbreviation PPADOJ

Contents
SealoftheParoleandProbationAdministration

1 History
2 TheOrganization
2.1 Mission

Agencyoverview
Formed

July24,1976

Legal
personality

Governmental:Governmentagency

2.2 Mandate
2.3 Goals

Jurisdictionalstructure
National
agency

Philippines

2.4 Functions
2.5 MajorRehabilitationPrograms
3 Sources
4 Seealso
5 Externallinks

History
ProbationwasfirstintroducedinthePhilippines
duringtheAmericancolonialperiod(18981945)
withtheenactmentofActNo.4221ofthe
PhilippineLegislatureonAugust7,1935.This
lawcreatedaProbationOfficeunderthe
DepartmentofJustice.OnNovember16,1937,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parole_and_Probation_Administration_(Philippines)

MapofParoleandProbationAdministration'sjurisdiction.
Size
General
nature

300,000squarekilometers
Lawenforcement
Civilianagency
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afterbarelytwoyearsofexistence,theSupreme
CourtofthePhilippinesdeclaredtheProbation
Lawunconstitutionalbecauseofsomedefectsin
thelaw'sproceduralframework.
In1972,HouseBillNo.393wasfiledin
Congress,whichwouldestablishaprobation
systeminthePhilippines.Thisbillavoidedthe
objectionablefeaturesofAct4221thatstruck
downthe1935lawasunconstitutional.Thebill
waspassedbytheHouseofRepresentatives,but
waspendingintheSenatewhenMartialLawwas
declaredandCongresswasabolished.

Operationalstructure
Headquarters DOJAgenciesBuilding,NIARoadcor.
EastAvenue,Diliman,QuezonCity
Agency
executive

ManuelG.Co,Administrator

Parent
agency

DepartmentofJustice
Website

www.probation.gov.ph(http://www.probation.gov.ph)

In1975,theNationalPoliceCommissionInterdisciplinarydraftedaProbationLaw.After18technical
hearingsoveraperiodofsixmonths,thedraftdecreewaspresentedtoaselectedgroupof369jurists,
penologists,civicleadersandsocialandbehavioralscientistsandpractitioners.Thegroupoverwhelmingly
endorsedtheestablishmentofanAdultProbationSysteminthecountry.
OnJuly24,1976,PresidentialDecreeNo.968,alsoknownasAdultProbationLawof1976,wassigned
intoLawbythePresidentofthePhilippines.
Thestartupoftheprobationsystemin19761977wasamassiveundertakingduringwhichalljudgesand
prosecutorsnationwideweretrainedinprobationmethodsandproceduresadministrativeandprocedural
manualsweredevelopedprobationofficersrecruitedandtrained,andthecentralagencyandprobation
fieldofficesorganizedthroughoutthecountry.FifteenselectedprobationofficersweresenttoUnitedStates
fororientationandtraininginprobationadministration.Upontheirreturn,theywereassignedtotrainthe
newlyrecruitedprobationofficers.
TheprobationsystemstartedtooperateonJanuary3,1978.Asmoreprobationofficerswererecruitedand
trained,morefieldofficeswereopened.Thereareatpresent204fieldofficesspreadalloverthecountry,
supervisedby15regionaloffices.

TheOrganization
TheProbationAdministrationwascreatedbyvirtueofPresidentialDecreeNo.968,TheProbationLawof
1976,toadministertheprobationsystem.UnderExecutiveOrderNo.292,TheAdministrativeCodeof
1987whichwaspromulgatedonNovember23,1989,theProbationAdministrationwasrenamedParole
andProbationAdministrationandgiventheaddedfunctionofsupervisingprisonerswho,afterserving
partoftheirsentenceinjailsarereleasedonparolepardonwithparoleconditions
EffectiveAugust17,2005,byvirtueofaMemorandumofAgreementwiththeDangerousDrugsBoard,the
Administrationperformsanotheradditionalfunctionofinvestigatingandsupervisingfirsttimeminordrug
offenderswhoareplacedonsuspendedpursuanttoRepublicActNo.9165.

Mission

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Torehabilitateprobationers,paroleesandpardoneesandpromotetheirdevelopmentasintegralpersonsby
utilizinginnovativeinterventionsandtechniqueswhichrespectthedignityofmanandrecognizehisdivine
destiny.

Mandate
TheParoleandProbationAdministrationismandatedtoconserveand/orredeemconvictedoffendersand
prisonerswhoareundertheprobationorparolesystem.

Goals
TheAdministration'sprogramssetstoachievethefollowinggoals:
Promotethereformationofcriminaloffendersandreducetheincidenceofrecedivism,and
Provideacheaperalternativetotheinstitutionalconfinementoffirsttimeoffenderswhoarelikelyto
respondtoindividualized,communitybasedtreatmentprograms.

Functions
Tocarryoutthesegoals,theAgencythroughitsnetworkofregionalandfieldparoleandprobationoffices
performsthefollowingfunctions:
toadministertheparoleandprobationsystem
toexercisesupervisionoverparolees,pardoneesandprobationers
topromotethecorrectionandrehabilitationofcriminaloffenders.

MajorRehabilitationPrograms
RESTORATIVEJUSTICE(RJ)isaphilosophyandaprocesswherebystakeholdersinaspecificoffense
resolvecollectivelyhowtodealwiththeaftermathoftheoffenseanditsimplicationsforthefuture.Itisa
victimcenteredresponsetocrimethatprovidesopportunityforthosedirectlyaffectedbythecrimethe
victim,theoffender,theirfamiliesandthecommunitytobedirectlyinvolvedinrespondingtotheharm
causedbythecrime.Itsultimateobjectiveistorestorethebrokenrelationshipsamongstakeholders.
TheRestorativeJusticeprocessprovidesahealingopportunityforaffectedpartiestofacilitatetherecovery
oftheconcernedpartiesandallowthemtomoveonwiththeirlives.
TheVOLUNTEERPROBATIONAIDE(VPA)PROGRAMisastrategybywhichtheParoleand
ProbationAdministrationmaybeabletogeneratemaximumcitizenparticipationorcommunity
involvement.Citizensofgoodstandinginthecommunitymayvolunteertoassisttheprobationandparole
officersinthesupervisionofanumberofprobationers,paroleesandconditionalpardoneesintheir
respectivecommunities.Sincetheyresideinthesamecommunityastheclient,theyareabletousherthe
reformationandrehabilitationoftheclientshandson.
IncollaborationwiththePPO,theVPAhelpspavethewayfortheoffender,victimandcommunitytoeach
healfromtheharmresultingfromthecrimedone.Theycaninitiateacircleofsupportforclientsand
victimstopreventfurthercrimes,therebybeparticipantsinnationbuilding

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TheTHERAPEUTICCOMMUNITY(TC)isaselfhelpsociallearningtreatmentmodelusedinthe
rehabilitationofdrugoffendersandotherclientswithbehavioralproblems.TCadherestopreceptsofright
livingResponsibleLoveandConcernTruthandHonestytheHereandNowPersonalResponsibility
forDestinySocialResponsibility(brotherskeeper)MoralCodeWorkEthicsandPrideinQuality.
TheTherapeuticCommunity(TC)isanenvironmentthathelpspeoplegethelpwhilehelpingthemselves.It
operatesinasimilarfashiontoafunctionalfamilywithahierarchicalstructureofolderandyounger
members.Eachmemberhasadefinedroleandresponsibilitiesforsustainingtheproperfunctioningofthe
TC.Therearesetsofrulesandcommunitynormsthatmemberscommittolivebyandupholduponentry.
Theprimarytherapistandteacheristhecommunityitself,consistingofpeers,staff/probationandparole
officersandevenVolunteerProbationAides(VPA),who,asrolemodelsofsuccessfulpersonalchange,
serveasguidesintherecoveryprocess.

Sources
P.D.968
http://www.probation.gov.ph

Seealso
DepartmentofJustice

Externallinks
PPAHomepage(http://www.probation.gov.ph)
PPARegion8(http://web.evis.net.ph/lineagencies/ppa)
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Categories: DepartmentofJustice(Philippines) LawenforcementinthePhilippines
Prisonandcorrectionalagencies
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