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Denville Township (1408)
Introduction
This municipal chapter is an element of the Morris County Wastewater Management Plan prepared by the Morris County Department of Planning and Development in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:15. Positioned in the center of the county and incorporated in 1913, Denville is known as the “Hub of Morris County” with Routes 10, 46, 53 and Interstate 80 providing access to and through the Township. With several private lake communities and St. Francis Health Resort, Denville was originally developed as a summer escape from the cities to the east. St. Clare's Hospital, the largest employer in the township, is located on the outskirts of the downtown area. Denville Township is located in the central portion of Morris County and encompasses approximately 12.6 square miles. Approximately 20% of the Township consists of protected open space and recreation areas, including the preservation of a 450-acre former Jersey City Watershed property. The remaining land within the Township consists mainly of residential uses with commercial uses along Route 10, Route 46 and Interstate 80. The Township zoning designations are shown on Map 4M. The Census Bureau estimates Denville Township had a population of 16,483 in 2008. The population has seen steady growth of four percent (4%) since 2000. Following are some important considerations for this municipality with respect to wastewater management planning: • • Denville Township is considered a non-urban municipality. The entire municipality is located within the New Jersey Highlands (Highlands) Planning Area.

In this document the following terms are used frequently: • EDUs – Equivalent Dwelling Units - a measure where one unit is equivalent to wastewater effluent from one dwelling unit. NJDEP defines a dwelling unit to mean any building or portion of a building, permanent or temporary, used or proposed to be used as a residence either seasonally or throughout the year. Most often, EDU is used in reference to a single family home. • • gpd – gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. GSA – General Service Area – represents the area to be served by residential septic systems. NJDEP refers to septic systems as discharges to groundwater with a design capacity of less than 2,000 gallons per day. GW – groundwater

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

HUC11 - Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 11 digits – a United States Geological Survey (USGS) standard designation for subwatersheds delineated based on topography. HUC14 – Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 14 digits – a USGS standard designation for subwatersheds delineated based on topography. mgd – million gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. NDM - Nitrate Dilution Model – The NDM) is required by NJDEP and follows the calculations methodology developed by the New Jersey Geological Service (NJGS). The NDM uses the soils type to estimate the minimum lot size needed to provide enough recharge to dilute nitrate to a specified target. This method is intended to be a guide for estimating the impact of nitrate

from septic tanks on groundwater quality. The NDM uses the minimum lot size to calculate the number of EDUs possible for a given area. • Non-discharge areas - areas where additional wastewater generation and/or discharge are prohibited. SSA – Sewer Service Area – represents the area to be served by a centralized treatment facility. STP – Sewage Treatment Plant SW – surface water WMP – Wastewater Management Plan WPCF – Water Pollution Control Facility WPCP – Water Pollution Control Plant WWTP – Wastewater Treatment Plant

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Existing Infrastructure
The existing wastewater collection and conveyance infrastructure within this municipality consists of the following: • Collection System – The areas served by sewer in Denville Township include the lake communities, the downtown area, the Route 46 corridor and developed areas along the eastern border with Parsippany-Troy Hills Township both north and south of Route 10. The collection system and associated trunk sewers convey flow from these populated areas primarily to the Rockaway Valley Regional Sewage Authority (RVRSA) interceptor, with the remainder flowing to the Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP. Pumping Stations – There are approximately thirteen (13) pumping stations spread throughout Denville Township. Four of the pumping stations are larger pumping

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

stations associated with trunk sewer lines. The remaining nine are smaller stations, conveying flow from low-lying areas to the surrounding collection system. No major wastewater treatment facilities are located in Denville Township. Denville is served by RVRSA STP and Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP. Tables 1a and 1b include additional minor facilities in Denville Township regulated through NJDEP that have individual New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) discharge permits. Table 1a shows facilities which are indicated as discharge to groundwater (DGW). There are no minor facilities indicated as a discharge to surface water (DSW) in the municipality. However, Table numbered 1b is reserved for such facilities if they are noted in the future. The existing treatment facilities, if any, are illustrated on Map 2M.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

Table 1a: NJPDES (DGW) Minor Permit Facilities within the Denville Township that Discharge 2,000 gpd or more

NJPDES Permit Number

Facility Name

Permit Program Code

Receiving Stream or Aquifer

Classification

Permittee

Contact Organization Name

Block

Lot

Permitted Flow (gpd)

Existing Flow1 (gpd)

Future Flow1 (gpd)

Discharge Category

NJG0132292

Roysons GW No Data Corporation 1 Flow indicated is daily maximum flow

No Data

Bob Petricca

Roysons Corp

61601

12

3,600

No Data

No Data

Sanitary

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

Environmental and Other Land Features
County-wide environmental features are shown on maps 5A & 5B. Routes 10, 46, 53 and Interstate 80 provide access to Denville Township. The Township includes numerous lakes and water bodies including Lake Estling, Rock Ridge Lake, Lake Arrowhead, Indian Lake and Cedar Lake. The Rockaway River runs through the northern portion of the Township with multiple tributaries. Den Brook is located in the southern portion of the Township connecting to Lake Estling, Indian Lake and eventually the Rockaway River. Beaver Brook forms a portion of the western boundary north of its connection to the Rockaway River. The Township has protected open space and recreation areas, including the preservation of a 450-acre former Jersey City Watershed property, the Tourne County Park and many local parks and recreational areas.

Delineation of Service Areas and Planning Integration
Sewer Service Areas
Following are the sewer service areas within Denville Township. The existing areas served and future SSAs are shown on Maps 2M and 3M, respectively. The facilities providing treatment to these service areas have an associated facilities table in the Appendix. • • RVRSA STP (NJPDES NJ0022349; DSW) – This SSA encompasses most of Denville Township. Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP (NJPDES NJ0024970; DSW) – This SSA includes a small area along the eastern edge of the Township, bordering Parsippany-Troy Hills Township. Greystone Park Psych Hospital STP (NJPDES NJ0026689; DSW) – This SSA defines two parcels that have historically been shown within the Greystone Park Psychiatric Hospital SSA. The treatment facility is located in Parsippany-Troy Hills Township.

The following represent smaller defined service areas within Denville Township. These facilities do not have an associated facilities table. • Roysons Corporation (NJPDES NJG0132292; DGW) – This SSA serves the Roysons Corporation along the western border of the Township just south of Interstate 80.

General Service Area
General Service Areas (GSAs) consist of those areas with discharges to groundwater of less than 2,000 gallons per day (i.e. residential septic systems) that are neither designated for sewer service nor as non-discharge areas.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

Coordination and Compliance with the New Jersey Highlands Regional Master Plan
Denville Township is entirely within the Highlands Planning Area. On February 9, 2010, the Township Council rescinded its petition to conform to the Highlands Regional Master Plan for the Planning Area. Therefore, the standards in the NJDEP Water Quality Management Rules, N.J.A.C. 7:15-1 et seq., were utilized for the Township within the Planning Area.

Future Wastewater Demand and Facilities
For the purposes of evaluating capacity and future sanitary flow rates, full build-out of undeveloped or underdeveloped land in the Township was derived from the existing zoning and development potential of land parcels within Township. Build-out calculations were performed for major wastewater treatment facilities and were not required for the minor facilities listed in table 1a above.

Sewer Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 2a presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the SSAs indicated above.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

Table 2a: Denville Township Build-out Table (SSAs) Total Flow Capacity Attributed to Total Residential Allocation/ TWAs Existing Build-out Permitted Approved Flow Flow Capacity But (mgd) (mgd) (mgd) Unconnected (mgd) N/A 0.200 N/A 1.374 0.074 0 0.070 0.000 0 0.122 0.013 0.0006

Major Public Wastewater Treatment Facility

NonResidential Build-out Flow (mgd)

Existing Septic Systems Flow (mgd) 0.2631 0.0228 0

Unused Service Contact Flow (mgd) 1 0.089 N/A N/A

Total Projected Buildout Flow (mgd) 1.940 0.1228 0.0006

Remaining Capacity (mgd)

RVRSA STP Par-Troy Hills WTP Greystone Park Psychiatric Hospital STP

0.022 0.013 0

see facility table 0.077 see facility table

1

The Unused Service Contract Flow refers to the unused IPP Capacity of Industrial facilities within Denville.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

Treatment Works Approvals (TWAs) approved by NJDEP for unconnected projects within Denville Township consist of the following: Table 2b – Treatment Works Approvals Facility TWA None Greystone Park Psych. Hospital STP Total None Par Troy Hills WTP Total Dolcrest Mary Farm Road Jade Woods Fairway View Estates Subdivision Tulip Lane Subdivision Single Connection Total Dolcrest (Septic) Mount Pleasant Turnpike Lower/Upper/Kitchell/Openaki GRR Associates Woodmont Builders Sunrise at Denville RAIA Self Storage Facility RVRSA STP Total Greystone STP Par-Troy Hills WTP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP RVRSA STP Unconnected Flow (mgd) 0 0 0 0 0.0025 0.0014 0.0013 0.0006 0.0006 0.0071 0.0002 0.0018 0.0465 0.0037 0.0035 0.0002 0.0004 0.070

A portion of Denville Township is served by the Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP. The allocated capacity for Denville Township with this facility is 0.20 mgd. The total projected build-out flow is 0.11 mgd which is 0.09 mgd below the allocated capacity. The capacity of the RVRSA STP is shown in the Facility Table. The facility provides treatment on a “first-come, first-serve” (FCFS) basis. RVRSA has no municipal allocations. The RVRSA STP is in the process of being rerated and, when approved by NJDEP, will have sufficient wastewater treatment capacity to meet the total projected build-out flows from Denville Township, as well as the other municipalities within its service area. Undeveloped and underdeveloped parcels are shown on Map 3M. Flows for the additional minor facilities in the municipality are anticipated to remain the same through at least the term of this WMP.
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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

General Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 3 presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the GSA. The GSA is shown on Map 3M. The breakdown by HUC14 subwatershed is shown below. Table 3 – Denville Township Build-out by HUC14 (GSA) Build-out Potential (Equivalent Dwelling Units) HUC141 02030103020030 02030103020080 02030103030090 02030103030110 02030103030120 02030103030140 Using Nitrate Dilution Model
18.33 3.18 37.10 78.74 35.27 63.63

Under Municipal Zoning 4.00 30.00 95.30 7.00 32.48 31.20

Surplus/ Deficit

14.33 -26.82 -58.20 71.74 2.79 32.43 1 The Build-out potential within this HUC 14 is for that portion within the municipal boundary. It does not represent the entire HUC 14 boundary within Morris County and only represents the portion of the HUC14 within Denville Township. GSAs in the Highlands Preservation Area were not evaluated.

For Table 3, equivalent dwelling units were calculated by adding [potential residential flow (gpd)/350] + [potential non-residential flow (gpd)/500]. The General Service Area (i.e., septic) build-out capacity analysis for Denville Township was based on the 2.0 mg/L statewide standard for the target concentration of nitrate in groundwater. Following are the results of this analysis shown in table 3 for Denville Township’s portion of the HUC14: • For HUC 02030103020030, 02030103030110, 02030103030120 and 02030103030140, the build-out results based on existing zoning is less than the number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, no change in zoning is required. For HUC 02030103020080 and 02030103030090 the build-out results based on existing zoning is less than the number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, further analysis of these HUC14’s will be required.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (5/25/10) Denville Township

NOTE: Where the number of EDUs generated by zoning is greater than the number of EDUs generated by the NDM, zoning build-out and NDM will be run for the entire HUC 14 to determine if the entire HUC 14 has sufficient nitrate dilution capacity to accommodate full zoning build-out.

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