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VOLATILE OILS - ORGANOLEPTIC

Name
A. HC
Turpentine oil
A. Alcohol
1. Peppermint

Scientific name

Family

Part Used

Active Constituent

Uses

Pinus palustris

Pinaceae

oleoresin

a/b- pinene

counterirritant, expectorant

Mentha piperita

Lamiaceae

Leaves,
flowering top

menthol, methyl
acetate

2.

Coriandrum
sativum
Citrus aurantium

Apiaceae

fruit

linalool, limonene

flavor, carminative,
stimulant, counterirritant,
commercial (chewing gum)
flavorant, carminative

Rutaceae

flower

perfume, flavor

Santalum album
Pinus palustris

Santalaceae
Pinaceae

heartwood
wood

6.

Rosa gallica

Rosaceae

flower

linalool, aterpineol, geraniol


a/b- santalol
a-terpineol, methyl
chavicol
geraniol,
citronellol, nerol

Lauraceae

bark

2.

Cardamom

seed

Sweet Orange
oil
Bitter almond
oil
Lemon peel oil

Zingiberacea
e
Rutaceae

cinnamic aldehyde,
limonene
cineole, a- terpinyl
acetate
decanal, limonene

carminative, flavor,
antiseptic
flavor, carminative

3.

Cinnamomum
loureirii
Elettaria
cardamomum
Citrus sinensis
Prunus amygdalus

Rosaceae

emollient, ing. in cosmetics

Citrus limon

Rutaceae

Peel/outer
rind of fruit

allyl
isothiocyanate
Limonene, citral

Barosma betulina

Rutaceae

leaf

diosphenol

Juniperus
communis
Carum carvi
Cinnamomum
camphora

Cupressaceae

fruit

a/b- pinene

Apiaceae
Lauraceae

fruit
wood

Mentha spicata

Lamiaceae

Overground
parts of
flowering
tops

carvone

Diuretic in OTC drugs for


menstrual problems
Flavorant, diuretic in OTC
drug Odrinil
Flavor
Topical antipruritic,
rubefacient, manufacture of
plastic, antiinfective
Flavor, carminative

Thymus vulgaris
Eugenia
caryophyllus

Lamiaceae
Myrtaceae

Flowering top
Flower bud

Antiseptic
Carminative, counterirritant

Pimenta racemosa

Myrtaceae

leaves

Thymol, carvacol
Gallotannic acid,
oleanolic acid,
eugenol
Eugenol, myrcene,
chavicol

E. Oxide
Eucalyptus

Eucalypus globulus

Myrtaceae

leaves

Cineole/eucalyptol

Flavor, antiseptic,
diaphoretic, expectorant

F.
1.

Phenolic Ether
Anise (aniseed)

Pimpinella anisum

Apiaceae

fruit

Flavor, carminative

2.

Myristica/
nutmeg
Fennel

Myristica fragrans

Myristicaceae

seed

Trans-anethole,
anisaldehyde,
estragole
Myristicin, safrole

Foeniculum
vulgare
Sassafras albidum

Apiaceae

fruit

Lauraceae

Root bark

Brassica nigra

Brassicaceae

seed

Lavandula
angustifolia
Rosmarinus
officinalis
Citrus bergamia

Lamiaceae

Flowering top

Lamiaceae

Flowering top

Rutaceae

Outer rind of
fruit

3.
4.
5.

Coriander (w/
oil)
Orange Flower
oil
Sandalwood oil
Pine oil

Rose oil (otto


of rose)
B. Aldehyde
1. Cinnamon

4.
5.

C. Ketone
1. Buchu
2.

Juniper

3.
4.

Caraway
Camphor

5.

Spearmint

D. Phenol
1. Thyme
2. Clove

3.

3.

Myrcia/ bay oil

4. Sassafras oil
G. Ester
1. Black Mustard
2.

Lavender oil

3.

Rosemary oil

4.

Bergamot oil

H. Others

Peel/ outer
rind of fruit
seed

Trans-anethole,
fenchone, a-pinene
safrole

insect repellant
disinfectant, deodorant
perfume

flavor

Flavor, carminative,
stimulant, stomachic

perfume

Flavor, condiment,
carminative
Flavor, carminative
Tonic, blood purifier

Allyl
isothiocyanate
Linalyl acetate,
linalool
-

Rubefacient

Perfume, flavoring

Perfume
Carminative

Orris

Iris germanica

Iridaceae

Rhizome, root

Fixative in perfumes

VOLATILE OILS - TABULATED


NAME

SYNONYM

SCIENTIFIC NAME

FAMILY

CONSTITUENT

1.

Tanglad

Andropogon citratus

Poaceae

Aldehyde

2.
3.

Blumea balsamifera
Blumea lacera

Asteraceae
Asteraceae

Ketone
Ketone

Leaves
Leaves

4.
5.

Sambong
Damong
Mabaho
Bagras
Suob-Kabayo

Lemon Grass, Sweet Bush,


Ginger Grass
Blumea Camphor
White Faced Wind

PLANT
PART
Leaves

Eucalyptus deglupta
Hyptis suaveolens

Myrtaceae
Lamiaceae

Oxide
Alcohol

Leaves
Leaves

6.
7.
8.

Herba Buena
Ikmo
Damong Maria

Mentha arvensis
Piper Betel
Artemisia vulgaris

Lamiaceae
Piperaceae
Asteraceae

Alcohol
Phenol
Ketone

Leaves
Leaves
Leaves

9.

Polius

Mentha arvensis

Lamiaceae

Ketone

Leaves

Ocimum basilicum
Oreganum basilicum

Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae

Phenol
Phenolic ether

Leaves
Leaves

12. Romero
13. Kulantro

Rainbow Eucalyptus
Bush-tea-bush, Wild Basil,
Untamed Basil
Marshmint
Betel, Betel Leaf Pepper
Wormwood, Mother Wort,
Maiden Wort
Field Mint, Japanese
Peppermint
Sweet/ Grand Basil
Suganda, Mountain Mint,
Spanish Oregano
Rosemary, Compassweed
Cilantro, Coriander

Rosmarinus officinalis
Coriandrum sativum

ester
Alcohol

Leaves
Fruit

14. Anis

Haras, Anise, Anisa

Pimpinella anisum

Phenolic ether

Fruit

15. Paminta
16. Fennel

Black pepper
Haras

Piper nigrum
Foeniculum vulgare

HC
Phenolic ether

Seed
Seed

17. Cajel

Sour/Sweet orange

Citrus aurantium

Lamiaceae
Umbelliferae/
Apiaceae
Umbelliferae/
Apiaceae
Piperaceae
Umbelliferae/
Apiaceae
Rutaceae

Aldehyde

18. Lukban

Grapefruit, Pomelo

Rutaceae

Aldehyde

19. Kabuyaw

Kafir Lime

Citrus maxima, C. grandis,


C. decumana
Citrus hystrix

Rutaceae

Aldehyde

20. Limon

Lemon, Dayap

Citrus limon

Rutaceae

Aldehyde

21. Kalamansi

Suha

Citrus microcarpa

Rutaceae

Aldehyde

22. Dalanghita

Mandarin/Tangerine Organce

Citrus aurantium

Rutaceae

Aldehyde

23. Sweet Orange

Dalandan

Citrus aurantium

Rutaceae

Aldehyde

24. Mustasa

Mustard

Brassicaceae

Ester

25. Ilang Ilang


26. Azahar

Perfume Tree, Dwarf Ester


White Bush

Anonaceae
Rutaceae

Ester
Alcohol

Flower
Flower

27. Manzanilla

Winter Aster, Ground Apple


Water
Rose
Wormseed

Brassica integrifolia,
Brassica juncea
Cananga odorata
Citrus aurantium, C.
aurantifolia
Chrysanthemum indicum

Outer rind of
fruit
Outer rind of
fruit
Outer rind of
fruit
Outer rind of
fruit
Outer rind of
fruit
Outer rind of
fruit
Outer rind of
fruit
Seed

Asteraceae

Ketone

Leaves

Rosa gallica
Chenopodium
ambrosioides
Andropogon zizaloides

Rosaceae
Chenopodiaceae

Alcohol
Oxide

Flower
Whole plant

Poaceae

Ketone

Roots

Allium sativum
Apium graveolens
Pinus insularis
Marjorana hortensis
Ocimum sanctum

Poaceae
Apiaceae
Pinaceae
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae

Phenol
HC
HC
Phenol
Phenolic ether

Bulb
Wood
Wood
Leaves
leaves

10. Balanoy
11. Oregano

28. Rosas
29. Alpasotes
30. Moras
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.

Bawang
Celery
Benguet Pine
Marioram
Sulasi

Mulbery, Vetiver, Raiz de


Mora
Ahos, Garlic
Kintsay
Baguio Pine
Sweet Marjoram
Holy/ Sacred Basil