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**Poornima Group of Institutions, Jaipur
**

Branch: Civil Engineering

Sub./Code: COMPUTER APPLICATION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING/3CE04

Unit – IV & V

Submitted By: Komal Choudhary (Lecturer, Maths. Deptt.)

Q1. To solve the ordinary differential equation by Euler’s method, you need to rewrite the equation as

3

dy

5 y 2 sin x, y 0 5

dx

dy

sin x 5 y 2 , y 0 5

(a) dx

dy 1

sin x 5 y 2 , y 0 5

dx

3

(b)

dy 1

5 y 3

cos x

, y 0 5

dx 3

3

(c)

dy 1

sin x, y 0 5

(d) dx 3

Ans(b)

3

dy

5 y 2 sin x, y 0.3 5

dx

Q2. Given

and using a step size of h=0.3, the value of y(0.9) using Euler’s method is most nearly

(a)- 35.318

(b) -36.458

©-658.91

(d)-669.05

Ans.(a)

7 m ©1260. The two-segment trapezoidal rule of integration is exact for integrating at most ______ order polynomials. 5 t 14 where t is given in seconds. (a)first (b)second ©third (d)fourth Ans.672 (b) 11. and v is given in m/s. . the explicit expression for yi 1 if the first three terms of the Taylor series are chosen for the ordinary differential equation dy 2 3 y e 5 x . 1 t 5 5t 2 3. in terms of yi and all the derivatives of y at xi .(a) 2. Euler’s method can be derived by using the first two terms of the Taylor series of writing the value of yi 1 .807 (c) 20.Q3. Use the two-segment Trapezoidal Rule to find the distance covered by the body from t=2 to t=9 seconds.099 (d) 24. (a) 935.(c) Q4.2 x dx by using the one-segment trapezoidal rule is most nearl Ans. The velocity of a body is given by v(t ) 2t .0 m (b) 1039. that is the value of y at xi 1 . If h xi 1 xi .(c) Q6.2 Q5 The value of (a) 11.9 m Ans© .9 m (d) 5048. y 0 7 dx would be (a) (b) (c) (d) yi 1 y i yi 1 yi yi1 yi 1 5 xi e 3 yi h 2 2 1 5 xi 5 h e 3 yi h e 5 xi 2 2 2 1 5 xi 9 h2 13 e 3 yi h e 5 xi yi 2 4 2 4 yi 1 yi 1 5 xi h2 e 3 yi h 3 yi 2 2 Ans.119 xe 0.

39 + 8/3 [2f(7)-f(11)+2f(15)] 702.8036 (b) 7.2 dx by using four-segment Simpson's 1/3 rule is most nearly 19 Q12.2 Ans.8423 (d) 7.Q7.2 Q10. To solve the ordinary differential equation dy 3 xy 2 sin x. y 0 5 dx by the Runge-Kutta 2nd order method. y 0 5 dx (a) dy 1 sin x xy 2 . The value of f ( x )dx 3 by using two-segment Simpson’s 1/3 rule is estimated as 702.2 Q11.8306 (b) 7.39 + 8/3 [2f(7)+2f(15)] 702.(a) e x 0. The value of (a) 7.(c) Q13.39/2 + 8/3 [2f(7)+2f(15)] An.8062 (c) 7.(b) 2. y 0 5 (b) dx 3 .039.8423 (c) 7.39/2 + 8/3 [2f(7)-f(11)+2f(15)] 702.246 e x dx by using two-segment Simpson's 1/3 rule is most nearly 0. you need to rewrite the equation as dy sin x xy 2 . The estimate of the same integral using four-segment Simpson’s 1/3 rule most nearly is (a) (b) (c) (d) 702. The value of (a) 7.(b) 2. The highest order of polynomial integrand for which Simpson’s 1/3 rule of integration is exact is (a) First (b) Second (c) Third (d) Fourth Ans.9655 Ans.8423 (d) 10.

3 5 dx and using a step size of h=0. y 0.(c) Q15.2045 Ans(a) Q16.(a) Q 14Given dy 3 5 y 2 sin x.6188 (d) -3.9 (b) 3939. y 0.3.dy 1 xy 3 .9) using the Runge-Kutta 2nd order midpoint-method most nearly is (a) 2. y 0 5 cos x dx 3 3 (c) dy 1 sin x.7 (c) -0. the value of y(0. Given dy 3 5 y e 0.3.7 (c) 6556.24489 10 14 Ans.21336 10 14 (d) -0. t 0 Using the Runge-Kutta 2nd order Ralston method with a step size of 5 seconds.4 (b) -4936.2473 (b) -2.1x .3 (d) 39397 Ans (b) Q17. the best estimate of dy/dx(0. The Runge-Kutta 2nd order method can be derived by using the first three terms of the Taylor series of writing the value of yi+1 (that is the value of y at xi+1 ) in terms of yi (that is the value of y at xi) and all the derivatives of y at xi . The velocity (m/s) of a body is given as a function of time (seconds) by t 200 ln1 t t . If h=xi+1-xi. y 0 5 (d) dx 3 Ans. the explicit expression for yi+1 if the first three terms of the Taylor series are chosen for solving the ordinary differential equation .9) using the Runge-Kutta 2nd order Heun's method is most nearly (a) -4297. the distance in meters traveled by the body from t=2 to t=12 seconds is estimated most nearly is (a) 3904. and using a step size of h=0.2543 (c) -2.3 5 dx .

by Runge-Kutta 4th order method. radius of ball = 2 cm specific heat of ball = 420 J/(kg-K) density of ball = 7800 convection coefficient = 350 J/s-m^2-K The ordinary differential equation is given for the temperature.20673 10 13 4 81 108 4.(c) Q18. you need to rewrite the equation as dy sin x xy 2 . of the ball d 2. y 0 5 dx (a) .dy 5 y 3e 2 x . A spherical ball is taken out of a furnace at 1200K and is allowed to cool in air.3982 10 2 300 dt (b) d 1. y 0 7 dx would be (a) (b) (c) (d) y i 1 y i 3e yi1 yi 3e 2 xi 3 xi h2 5 yi h 5 2 5 yi h 21e 2 xi y i 1 y i 3e 2 xi 5 y i h 6e 2 xi h2 25 yi 2 h2 yi 1 y i 3e 2 xi 5 yi h 6e 2 xi 5 2 h2 2 Ans.20673 10 13 4 81 108 1.(a) Q19 To solve the ordinary differential equation 3 dy xy 2 sin x. The ordinary differential equation if convection is accounted for in addition to radiation is d 2. Given the following.6026 10 2 300 (a) dt d 2. y 0 5 dx .6026 10 2 300 dt © Ans.20673 10 13 4 81 10 8 dt if only radiation is accounted for.

5 0.88498 Ans. . Given 3 dy 5 y 2 sin x.(b) 40 . dy 1 sin x xy 2 . y 0 5 (b) dx 3 dy 1 xy 3 .3 5 dx and using a step size of h 0. y 0.25011 10 -4297.9 using Runge- Kutta 4th order method is most nearly (a) (b) (c) (d) 0.3 .4 -1261. y 0 5 (d) dx 3 Ans. the value of y 0. y 0 5 cos x dx 3 3 (c) dy 1 sin x.(a) Q20.

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