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Nucleus. Proteins. Lipids. Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology Group-A BIOLOGY (65%) Unit 1: Cell Biology • Structure and function of cell components-Cell membrane. Multiple alleles.Genetics No. chromosomes • Mitosis and meiosis cell division • Chemicals of life-Carbohydrates. Genotype frequencies.Crime Scene Investigation 9. Minerals and Water Unit 2: Genetics • Mendel’s work • Chromosomal theory of inheritance • Linkage and crossing over • Sex determination • Sex linked inheritance • Gene interactions-Co-dominance. Ribosome.Subject Unit 1.Medical Jurisprudence 10. Epistasis • Variation • Mutation • Genetic material-Replication.Wildlife Management 7.Introduction to 1 x 10 marks = 5 x 5 marks = 25 35 Forensic Science 10 marks marks 8. Golgi complex. The Hardy-Weinberg equation 2 . Transcription and Translation • Population genetics-Gene pool. Allele frequency. Mitochondria. Lysosome.Cell Biology FORENSIC SCIENCE BIOLOGY 2. Amino acids. Ecosystem 6.Endocrinology 5.Immunology 4. Nucleic acids. of Questions and Weightage Marks Long Answer Short Answer Type Question Type Questions (3) (14) 2 x 10 marks = 9 x 5 marks = 45 65 20 marks marks Full Marks 100 3.

Group-B FORENSIC SCIENCE (35%) Unit 7: Introduction to Forensic science • Definition • History • Principles • Different branches • Importance of forensic science 3 . vulnerable. mortality. adrenal. pancreas and gonads Unit 5: Ecology • Components of ecosystem. dispersal and population growth including potential. • Ecosystem energetic (Energy flow through trophic level. and their control measures Unit 6: Wild Life Management • Introduction to biodiversity • Wild Life and Its Management: Wild Life National Parks and Reserves of Nepal • Wild life distribution in ecological Zones • Wild life values. Carbon. Phosphorous) • Population: Population density. pituitary. human population and its impacts on eco-degradation • Pollution: Water. Conservation of wild life in Nepal. Autoimmunity. air. sex ratio. noise. hypothalamus. pyramid. Economic exploitation and its impact in nature • Definition of endangered. Importance of wild life management. thymus. Immunity to infection and Immunodeficiency Unit 4: Endocrinology • Structure and functions of thyroid. rare and threatened species • Endangered animals of Nepal. immigration. emigration. • Predator. food webs and food pyramids) • Ecosystem managements • Biochemical cycles (Nitrogen.Prey relationship and competition.Unit 3: Immunology • Immunity • Structure and Functions of Immune System • Antigen • Antibodies-immunoglobulin • Complement System • Immune response • Antigen-Antibody Reactions • Hypersensitivity. natality. parathyroid. pineal body.

Microscopic Examination for sperms • Hair examination • Skeletal remains and its importance 4 . mummification) • Death from Asphyxia-Hanging. Tear. Blood. importance. incised. sources. types. Vaginal secretion etc. Saliva. Personnel Protective Equipment • Physical Evidence-Classification. suffocation. • Presumptive Test of Blood (Kastle Meyer Test. Sweat. labeling and forwarding of various physical evidences. Nasal Secretion. asphyxia • Changes after death-Primary relaxation. adipocere formation.Secretor Group • Acid Phosphatase Test for Semen. punctured and lacerated wounds Unit 10: Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology. preservation. syncope. etc profiling. Semen. handling. rigor mortis. photography. AFIS. Chain of custody Unit 9: Medical Jurisprudence • Modes of Death-Coma. Benzidine Test) • Takayama Test • Species Identification • ABO Blood Group and its inheritance • Absorption Elution Technique for Dry Blood grouping • Secretor and Non . modern aids • Crime Scene Safety-Types of Hazards.• Existing scenario of forensic science in Nepal • Recent Advances in Forensic Science (DNA Chromatograph Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). sketching. search. drowning • Types of wounds-Bruises or contusions. abrasions. strangulation. handling and collection of evidence. Gas Unit 8: Crime Scene Investigation • Basic steps in crime scene investigation-protection. secondary relaxation (putrefaction. collection. as Evidence. Routes of Exposure. • Importance of body fluids • Different Types of Body Fluids viz. Types of Safety.

3. Describe the causes. List ten endangered animals of Nepal.Sample Questions Long Answer Type Questions 1. Short Answer Type Questions 1. 2. Describe the basic steps involved in crime scene investigation. 3. sources and effects of water pollution. Describe the structure and functions of mitochondria. Differentiate between DNA and RNA. (10 marks) (10 marks) (10 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) 5 . Write a short note on asphyxia. Write the functions of pancreas. 4. 2.