You are on page 1of 22

EE447 Lecture 6

Lecture 25
Demodulation
and the
Superheterodyne Receiver
EE445-10
HW7;5-4,5-7,5-13a-d,5-23,5-31
Due next Monday, 29th
1

Figure 4–29 Superheterodyne receiver.

m(t)

Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Seventh Edition

2

©2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 0-13-142492-0

1

EE447 Lecture 6

Synchronous Demodulation
s(t)

LPF

m(t)

2Cos(2πfct)

•Only method for DSB-SC, USB-SC, LSB-SC
•AM with carrier
•Envelope Detection – Input SNR >~10 dB required
•Synchronous Detection – (no threshold effect)
•Note the 2 on the LO normalizes the output amplitude

3

Figure 4–24 PLL used for coherent detection of AM.

Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Seventh Edition

4

©2007 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 0-13-142492-0

2

EE447 Lecture 6 Envelope Detector C • Ac • (1 + a • m(t )) Where C is a constant C • Ac • a • m(t )) 5 Envelope Detector Distortion Hi Frequency m(t) Slope overload IF Frequency Present in Output signal 6 3 .

EE447 Lecture 6 Superheterodyne Receiver EE445-09 7 8 4 .

EE447 Lecture 6 9 Super-Heterodyne AM Receiver 10 5 .

EE447 Lecture 6 Super-Heterodyne AM Receiver 11 RF Filter • Provides Image Rejection fimage=fLO+fif • Reduces amplitude of interfering signals far from the carrier frequency • Reduces the amount of LO signal that radiates from the Antenna stop 2/22 12 6 .

EE447 Lecture 6 Figure 4–30 Spectra of signals and transfer function of an RF amplifier in a superheterodyne receiver. Digital and Analog Communication Systems. All rights reserved. Digital and Analog Communication Systems. Couch. Inc. 0-13-142492-0 Figure 4–29 Superheterodyne receiver. Inc. Seventh Edition 13 ©2007 Pearson Education. Seventh Edition 14 ©2007 Pearson Education. 0-13-142492-0 7 . All rights reserved. Couch.

Mixer.EE447 Lecture 6 Mixer and LO • The mixer produces – fSUM=fLO+fRF and fDIF=fLO-fIF • The conventional AM radio uses the difference frequency • The LO (Local Oscillator) tunes the radio so that the desired input frequency passes through the IF filters. 15 Antenna. LO 16 8 .

• If we are tuned to 1400 KHz. the Adjacent channels are at 1390 KHz and 1410 KHz – This bandwidth determines the noise bandwidth of the receiver – The filter is optimized for IF frequency so all input signals pass through the same filters. See FM notes 18 9 . The received signal level may vary from < 1mV to over 1V (>60dB) – Note that an FM radio uses a limiting IF amplifier not a variable gain amplifier.EE447 Lecture 6 Super-Heterodyne AM Receiver 17 IF Amplifiers and Filters • The IF filters: – The bandwidth is set wide enough to pass the transmitted signal – Provides adjacent channel rejection. This simplifies filter and amplifier design – The IF amplifier gain is variable to adjust for changes in the input signal power level.

Digital and Analog Communication Systems. 0-13-142492-0 IF Amplifier 20 10 . All rights reserved. Seventh Edition 19 ©2007 Pearson Education.EE447 Lecture 6 TABLE 4–2 FILTER CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES Couch. Inc.

EE447 Lecture 6 Super-Heterodyne AM Receiver 21 Envelope Detector • The envelope detector recovers the original m(t) modulation and a DC voltage that is proportional to the received signal carrier amplitude Ac. otherwise the volume would change as much as 60dB! 22 11 . • The DC voltage is used to automatically adjust the gain of the IF amplifier in a control loop (AGC.automatic gain control). This maintains a constant recovered m(t) amplitude as the receiver input signal level changes.

AGC.EE447 Lecture 6 Detector 23 Detector. Audio 24 12 .

EE447 Lecture 6 IF and AGC 25 IF and agc 26 13 .

tuning 27 Converter 28 14 .EE447 Lecture 6 Converter •Image Rejection •Frequency Translation •RF amplification •LO.

0-13-142492-0 15 . Inc. Seventh Edition 30 ©2007 Pearson Education. Couch.EE447 Lecture 6 Lecture 26-27 Single Sideband EE445-09 29 Figure 5–4 Spectrum for a USSB signal. All rights reserved. Digital and Analog Communication Systems.

EE447 Lecture 6 Single Side Band 31 Single Side Band 32 16 .

EE447 Lecture 6 Single Side Band 33 Single Side Band 34 17 .

EE447 Lecture 6 Single Side Band 35 Single Side Band 36 18 .

EE447 Lecture 6 Single Side Band 37 Single Side Band 38 19 .

All rights reserved. Digital and Analog Communication Systems. Inc.EE447 Lecture 6 Figure 5–5 Generation of SSB. Seventh Edition 39 ©2007 Pearson Education. 0-13-142492-0 Single Side Band 40 20 . Couch.

EE447 Lecture 6 Single Side Band 41 Single Side Band 42 21 .

Digital and Analog Communication Systems. Couch.EE447 Lecture 6 Figure 5–6 VSB transmitter and spectra. Inc. 0-13-142492-0 22 . Seventh Edition 43 ©2007 Pearson Education. All rights reserved.