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APEnvironmentalScience

20162017
CourseExpectations&Syllabus

Instructor: StephanieCampbellRoom110
Email:
CampbellS2@leonschools.net
Phone:
(850)9212516,ext.1110
OfficeHours:Tuesday/Thursday,7thperiod(forothertimes,makeanappointment)
Website:
http://wecanscience.weebly.com/

Textbook
LivingintheEnvironment:Principles,Connections,andSolutions17th
Edition,G.TylerMillerJr.&ScottE.Spoolman,Copyright2009,2012
Brooks/Cole

CourseDescription
TheAPEnvironmentalSciencecourseisdesignedtobetheequivalentofaonesemester,
introductorycollegecourseinenvironmentalscience.Thegoalofthisclassistoprovide
studentswiththescientificprinciples,concepts,andmethodologiesrequiredtounderstandthe
interrelationshipsofthenaturalworld,toidentifyandanalyzeenvironmentalproblems,both
naturalandhumanmade,toevaluatetherelativerisksassociatedwiththeseproblems,andto
examinealternativesolutionsforresolvingorpreventingthem.

Environmentalscienceisinterdisciplinaryitembracesawidevarietyoftopicsfromdifferent
areasofstudy.Yetthereareseveralmajorunifyingconstructs,orthemes,thatcutacrossthe
manytopicsincludedinthestudyofenvironmentalscience.Thefollowingthemesprovidea
foundationforthestructureoftheAPEnvironmentalSciencecourse.

1. Scienceisaprocess.
Scienceisamethodoflearningmoreabouttheworld.
Scienceconstantlychangesthewayweunderstandtheworld.
2. Energyconversionsunderlieallecologicalprocesses.
Energycannotbecreateditmustcomefromsomewhere.
Asenergyflowsthroughsystems,ateachstepmoreofitbecomesunusable.
3. TheEarthitselfisoneinterconnectedsystem.
Naturalsystemschangeovertimeandspace.
Biogeochemicalsystemsvaryinabilitytorecoverfromdisturbances.
4. Humansalternaturalsystems.
Humanshavehadanimpactontheenvironmentformillionsofyears.
Technologyandpopulationgrowthhaveenabledhumanstoincreaseboththe
rateandscaleoftheirimpactontheenvironment.

5. Environmentalproblemshaveaculturalandsocialcontext.
Understandingtheroleofcultural,social,andeconomicfactorsisvitaltothe
developmentofsolutions.
6. Humansurvivaldependsondevelopingpracticesthatwillachievesustainable
systems.
Asuitablecombinationofconservationanddevelopmentisrequired.
Managementofcommonresourcesisessential.

Topics
I.EarthSystemsandResources(1015%)
A.EarthScienceConcepts(Geologictimescaleplatetectonics,earthquakes,
volcanismseasonssolarintensityandlatitude)
B.TheAtmosphere(Compositionstructureweatherandclimateatmospheric
circulationandtheCoriolisEffectatmosphereoceaninteractionsENSO)
C.GlobalWaterResourcesandUse(Freshwater/saltwateroceancirculation
agricultural,industrial,anddomesticusesurfaceandgroundwaterissuesglobal
problemsconservation)

D.SoilandSoilDynamics(Rockcycleformationcompositionphysicalandchemical
propertiesmainsoiltypeserosionandothersoilproblemssoilconservation)

II.TheLivingWorld(1015%)
A.EcosystemStructure(Biologicalpopulationsandcommunitiesecologicalniches
interactionsamongspecieskeystonespeciesspeciesdiversityandedgeeffectsmajor
terrestrialandaquaticbiomes)
B.EnergyFlow(Photosynthesisandcellularrespirationfoodwebsandtrophiclevels
ecologicalpyramids)
C.EcosystemDiversity(Biodiversitynaturalselectionevolutionecosystemservices)
D.NaturalEcosystemChange(Climateshiftsspeciesmovementecological
succession)
E.NaturalBiogeochemicalCycles(Carbon,nitrogen,phosphorus,sulfur,water,
conservationofmatter)

III.Population(1015%)
A.PopulationBiologyConcepts(Populationecologycarryingcapacityreproductive
strategiessurvivorship)
B.HumanPopulation
1.Humanpopulationdynamics(Historicalpopulationsizesdistributionfertility
ratesgrowthratesanddoublingtimesdemographictransitionagestructure
diagrams)
2.Populationsize(Strategiesforsustainabilitycasestudiesnationalpolicies)

3.Impactsofpopulationgrowth(Hungerdiseaseeconomiceffectsresource
usehabitatdestruction)

IV.LandandWaterUse(1015%)
A.Agriculture
1.Feedingagrowingpopulation(Humannutritionalrequirementstypesof
agricultureGreenRevolutiongeneticengineeringandcropproduction
deforestationirrigationsustainableagriculture)
2.Controllingpests(Typesofpesticidescostsandbenefitsofpesticideuse
integratedpestmanagementrelevantlaws)
B.Forestry(Treeplantationsoldgrowthforestsforestfiresforestmanagement
nationalforests)
C.Rangelands(Overgrazingdeforestationdesertificationrangelandmanagement
federalrangelands)
D.OtherLandUse
1.Urbanlanddevelopment(Planneddevelopmentsuburbansprawl
urbanization)
2.Transportationinfrastructure(Federalhighwaysystemcanalsandchannels
roadlessareasecosystemimpacts)
3.Publicandfederallands(Managementwildernessareasnationalparks
wildliferefugesforestswetlands)
4.Landconservationoptions(Preservationremediationmitigationrestoration)
5.Sustainablelandusestrategies
E.Mining(Mineralformationextractionglobalreservesrelevantlawsandtreaties)
F.Fishing(Fishingtechniquesoverfishingaquaculturerelevantlawsandtreaties)
G.GlobalEconomics(GlobalizationWorldBankTragedyoftheCommonsrelevant
lawsandtreaties)

V.EnergyResourcesandConsumption(1015%)
A.EnergyConcepts(EnergyformspowerunitsconversionsLawsof
Thermodynamics)
B.EnergyConsumption
1.History(IndustrialRevolutionexponentialgrowthenergycrisis)
2.Presentglobalenergyuse
3.Futureenergyneeds
C.FossilFuelResourcesandUse(Formationofcoal,oil,andnaturalgas
extraction/purificationmethodsworldreservesandglobaldemandsynfuels
environmentaladvantages/disadvantagesofsources)
D.NuclearEnergy(Nuclearfissionprocessnuclearfuelelectricityproductionnuclear
reactortypesenvironmentaladvantages/disadvantagessafetyissuesradiationand
humanhealthradioactivewastesnuclearfusion)
E.HydroelectricPower(Damsfloodcontrolsalmonsiltingotherimpacts)

F.EnergyConservation(EnergyefficiencyCAFEstandardshybridelectricvehicles
masstransit)
G.RenewableEnergy(Solarenergysolarelectricityhydrogenfuelcellsbiomass
windenergysmallscalehydroelectricoceanwavesandtidalenergygeothermal
environmentaladvantages/disadvantages)

VI.Pollution(2530%)
A.PollutionTypes
1.Airpollution(Sourcesprimaryandsecondarymajorairpollutants
measurementunitssmogaciddepositioncausesandeffectsheatislands
andtemperatureinversionsindoorairpollutionremediationandreduction
strategiesCleanAirActandotherrelevantlaws)
2.Noisepollution(Sourceseffectscontrolmeasures)
3.Waterpollution(Typessources,causes,andeffectsculturaleutrophication
groundwaterpollutionmaintainingwaterqualitywaterpurificationsewage
treatment/septicsystemsCleanWaterActandotherrelevantlaws)
4.Solidwaste(Typesdisposalreduction)
B.ImpactsontheEnvironmentandHumanHealth
1.Hazardstohumanhealth(Environmentalriskanalysisacuteandchronic
effectsdoseresponserelationshipsairpollutantssmokingandotherrisks)
2.Hazardouschemicalsintheenvironment(Typesofhazardouswaste
treatment/disposalofhazardouswastecleanupofcontaminatedsites
biomagnificationrelevantlaws)
C.EconomicImpacts(Costbenefitanalysisexternalitiesmarginalcosts
sustainability)

VII.GlobalChange(1015%)
A.StratosphericOzone(Formationofstratosphericozoneultravioletradiationcauses
ofozonedepletioneffectsofozonedepletionstrategiesforreducingozonedepletion
relevantlawsandtreaties)
B.GlobalWarming(Greenhousegasesandthegreenhouseeffectimpactsand
consequencesofglobalwarmingreducingclimatechangerelevantlawsandtreaties)
C.LossofBiodiversity
1.Habitatlossoverusepollutionintroducedspeciesendangeredandextinct
species
2.Maintenancethroughconservation
3.Relevantlawsandtreaties

CourseOutline

Duration

Topic(Chapters)

ExpectedActivities/Labs

1week

Unit0:Economics
andLaws
(Chapters1,23,24,
25)

Video:TheLorax,
Activity:TragedyoftheCommons
Activity:LegislationTimeline

4weeks

Unit1:Population
(Chapters6,22,23,
24)

Lab:Mark/Recapture
Lab:ATossoftheDice(ExponentialGrowth)
Activity:HumanPopulationDynamics
Activity:ThePowerofthePyramids(Human
PopulationGrowth)
Video:NOVAPopulationParadox

4weeks

Unit2:Land
(Chapters7,10,12,
14)

Lab:Micrometeorology
Lab:SoilLab
Activity:RingofFire
Activity:CarbonFootprint
Video:HarvestofFear

4weeks

Unit3:Water
(Chapters8,11,13,
20)

Lab:EcosystemsColumnLab
Activity:Water,WaterEverywhere
Activity:PersonalWaterUseInventory
Video:ChinasMegaDams

4weeks

Unit4:Atmosphere
(Chapters18,19,)

Lab:AcidRain
Lab:TroposphericOzoneLab
Lab:AirborneParticlesExamination
Activity:CarEmissions
Activity:AirPollutionData
Video:Whatsupwiththeweather?

4weeks

Unit5:Energy
(Chapters2,14,15,
16

Lab:ASlickOilLab
Activity:AlternativeEnergySolution
Presentation
Activity:NuclearWaste
Activity:PersonalEnergyConsumption
Activity:CookieMiningSimulation
Video:TheManhattanProject

3weeks

Unit6:Landand
WaterUse
(Chapters12,21)

Activity:ManagementofRenewable
Resources
Activity:LandUsePlanningProject
Video:TheTwoSidesofFire
Video:SouthernForests,SouthernHeritage

5weeks

Unit7:Ecologyand
HumanImpact
(Chapters3,4,5,9,
17)

Lab:TheEffectsofRadiationonthe
GerminationandGrowthofRadishSeeds
Lab:NoWateroffaDucksBack
Lab:Decomposition
Lab:WhatsinanOwlPellet?
Lab:InterandIntraspecificCompetition
Activity:ToxinsinyourHome
Activity:CarBiodiversity
Activity:FoodWebbing
Video:CaneToads
Video:CanBuildingsMakeYouSick?

2Weeks

Review

CourseMaterials
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

2Threeringbinderforhandoutsandassignments
5tabsHandouts,Vocabulary,Questions,Labs,Miscellaneous
Compositionnotebookforlabs
Pens(blue/black),pencils,highlighters
Labfees$5persemester
(stronglyrecommended)BarronsAPEnvironmentalScience,BookbyGary
Thorpe
6thEdition(ISBN:9781438005522)
7) (stronglyrecommended)BarronsAPEnvironmentalScience,FlashcardsbyGary
Thorpe2ndEdition(ISBN:9781438074030)

CourseExpectations
Treatyourpeersandyourteacherwithrespect.
Keepyourphonesilentinyourbag.Firsttimewarning,2ndtimeIkeepitfortheday,
3rdtimereferral.Pokemoncanwait!
LateworkWorkmaybeturnedinonedaylatefor50%oftheoriginalpointvalue.After
that,yougetazero.
LabpoliciesDonteatordrinkanythinginthelab,andfollowalldirections/safety
protocolspertainingtotheinvestigation.
Attendance,cheating,andanyotherbehaviorexpectationsareinaccordancewith
LincolnHighSchoolspolicies,whichcanbefoundinyourplanner

GradingPolicies

Bellwork:10ptsaweek(2perbell)
Tests:100points(60MC,40FRQ)
Quizzes:2550points
Majorlabreports:100points
Questions/Vocabulary:variable
Classwork/Homework:variable