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FLUID MECHANICS

1.

In red wood viscometer


a. Absolute value of viscosity is determined
b. Part of the head of fluid is utilised in overcoming friction
c. Fluid discharges through orifice with negligible velocity
d. Comparison of viscosity is done

2.

Centre of buoyancy is
a. The point of intersection of buoyant force & centre line of the body
b. Centre of gravity of the body
c. Centroid of displaced volume fluid
d. Mid-point between CG & meta centre

3.

Length of mercury column at a place at an altitude will vary with respect to that at
ground in a
a. Linear relation
b. Hyperbolic relation
c. Parabolic relation
d. Manner first slowly & then step

4.

With rice in gas temperature, dynamic velocity of most of the gases


a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Doesnt change significantly
d. None of the above

5.

A small plastic boat loaded with pieces of steel rod is floating in a bath tub. If the cargo
is dumped into the water allowing the boat to float empty, the water level in the tub will
a. Rise
b. Fall
c. Remains same
d. Rise and then fall

6.

Steady flow occurs when


a. Pressure doesnt change along the flow
b. Velocity doesnt change along the flow
c. Conditions change gradually with time
d. Conditions dont change with time at any point

7.

Buoyant force is

a. Resultant of upthrust & gravity force acting on the body


b. Resultant force on the body due to the fluid surrounding it
c. Resultant of static weight of body & dynamic thrust of fluid
d. Equal to the volume of liquid displaced by the body
8.

The depth of centre of pressure in rectangular lamina of height h with one side in the
liquid surface is at
a. h
b. h/3
c. 2h/3
d. h/2

9.

Process of diffusion of one liquid into other through a semi permeable membrane is
called
a. Viscosity
b. Osmosis
c. Surface tension
d. Cohesion

10.

The resultant upward pressure of a fluid on a floating body is equal to the weight of
fluid displaced by the body. This definition is according to
a. Buoyancy
b. Equilibrium of a floating body
c. Archimedes principle
d. Bernoullis theorem

11.

The point in the immerse body through which the resultant pressure of the liquid may
be taken to act is known as
a. Metacentre
b. Centre of pressure
c. Centre of buoyancy
d. Centre of gravity

12.

A balloon lifting in a follows the


a. Law of gravitation
b. Archimedes principle
c. Principle of buoyancy
d. All the above

13.

Surface tension

a. Acts in the plan of interface normal to any line in the surface


b. Is also known as capillarity
c. Is a function of the curvature of the interface
d. Decreases with fall in temperature
14.

Viscosity of water in comparison to mercury is


a. Higher
b. Lower
c. Same
d. Unpredictable

15.

The pressure in meters of oil (specific gravity 0.85) equivalent to 42.5 m of water is
a. 42.5 m
b. 50 m
c. 52.5 m
d. 85 m

16.

The line traced by a single fluid particle as it moves over a period of time is called
a. Line of force
b. Filament line
c. Flow line
d. Path line

17.

A low pressure of the order of 10-10 torr can be measured in a chamber with
a. Manometer
b. Bourdon vacuum gauge
c. Pirani gauge
d. Ionisation chamber

18.

Viscosity of a fluid with specific gravity 1.3 is measured to be 0.0034 Ns/m2. Its
kinematic viscosity, in m2/s, is
a. 2.6*10-6
b. 4.4*10-6
c. 5.8*10-6
d. 7.2*10-6

19.

A type of flow in which the fluid particles while moving in the direction of flow rotate
about their mass centre, is called
a. steady flow
b. uniform flow

c. laminar flow
d. rotational flow
20.

If the pressure at any point in the liquid approaches the vapour pressure, liquid starts
vaporising and creates pockets or bubbles of dissolved gases and vapours. This
phenomenon is
a. surface tension
b. adhesion
c. vaporisation
d. cavitation

21.

A fluid in which resistance to deformation is independent of the shear stress, is called


a. Bingham plastic fluid
b. Pseudo plastic fluid
c. Dilatant fluid
d. Newtonian fluid

22.

Centre of pressure on a inclined plane is


a. At the centroid
b. Above the centroid
c. Below the centroid
d. At metacentre

23.

Units of kinematic viscosity are


a. m2/s
b. Kg. sec/m2
c. Newton-sec/ m2
d. Newton-sec2/ m

24.

A one dimensional flow is one which


a. Is uniform
b. Is steady uniform
c. Takes place in straight line
d. Involves zero transverse components of flow

25.

Kinematic viscosity is equal to


a. Dynamic viscosity / density
b. Dynamic viscosity*density
c. Density/ Dynamic viscosity
d. 1/ (Dynamic viscosity*density)

26.

With increase in pressure the bulk modulus of elasticity


a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Remains constant
d. Increases first up to certain limit and then decreases

27.

The force of buoyancy is dependent on


a. Mass of liquid displaced
b. Viscosity of fluid
c. Surface tension of fluid
d. Depth of immersion

28.

The units of dynamic or absolute viscosity is


a. m2/s
b. Kg. sec/m2
c. Newton-sec/ m2
d. Newton-sec2/ m

29.

A body floats in stable equilibrium


a. When its metacentric height is zero
b. When metacentre is above c.g.
c. When its c.g. is below its centre of buoyancy
d. None of these

30.

If the surface of liquid is convex, then cohesion pressure is


a. Negligible
b. Decreased
c. Increased
d. absend