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May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_g:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 11:37 AM Page 1

National Commitee on
United States-China Relations

Forum on the Inaugural Young Leaders

Chinese Dialogue on Forum 2009 in
Economy in Human Rights Xiamen
2010 at the and Rule of

3 7 20

Special Section:


Spring, 2010
Volume 37, Number 1
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:47 PM Page 2

A Message from the President than Americans) that we will get our
fiscal house in order.
We may have had an early glimpse
of China’s plans for some of its dollar
“Crouching Dragon, Weakened the exception rather than the rule. reserves in January when the China
2 Eagle”; “China’s Hawks Demand While we all agree that China Investment Corporation announced
Cold War on the U.S.”; “The should move to deal with real foreign interest in investing in U.S. high-
Chinese Tiger Shows its Claws.” To trade and investment problems – speed railways. Such an investment

read some of the headlines from indigenous innovation policies (that would be good for both sides, creat-
earlier this year, one might conclude impose unfavorable terms on foreign ing American jobs, updating our rail
that U.S.-China relations were spiral- companies competing with domestic infrastructure and decreasing our
ing irreparably downward. The firms in China), creeping protection- reliance on foreign oil. But this is not
reality, however, is at odds with the ism and intellectual property right the way the story is getting played
sensational headlines. While there violations – the American public out in the media or Congress, both of
remain critical issues confronting our deserves a more nuanced and which have suggested that such an
two countries, the media’s focus on balanced story. investment might be a threat to U.S.
conflicts largely ignores evidence The proper valuation of the RMB security.
that the overall relationship is deeper has become another important bilat- As you will see in this newsletter,
and closer – and more complex – than eral issue that has been seized upon the National Committee’s programs
ever, and is one where cooperation in many quarters. We get incessant are designed to educate citizens of
regularly trumps conflict. discussion of China’s refusal to budge each country about the other. Media
Cover: U.S.-China trade relations on the issue. But underreported in coverage or discussions of China that
Fulbright-Hays provide a good example of where the Western press and rarely heard in are incomplete, misleading or dead
Seminars there is a tendency in America to policy discussions is the March 8 wrong require that we work even
Abroad in accentuate the negative. Recent statement by Zhou Xiaochuan, gover- harder to educate, train and encour-
China partici- American press coverage focused on nor of the People’s Bank of China, age the National Committee’s
pant Melissa barriers to trade and investment and who said that China will “exit the greatest resource – the thousands of
Goldberg visits the problems that U.S. companies [currency peg] policy” and allow the teachers, scholars, policymakers and
with Chinese have encountered in China suggest a yuan to appreciate as the global businesspeople who have been
students sea change in U.S. business attitudes economic crisis subsides, in a manner involved in our programs over the
toward China. But there are other that will avoid destabilization of the past four decades – to become educa-
important aspects of the story that Chinese and global economy. tors within their own professional
are often overlooked, such as the fact China’s holding of U.S. Treasury networks and communities.
that China’s robust stimulus package and related agency bonds is another In case this letter suggests that
and economic growth during the favorite subject of the media. With misperceptions only exist in the
global recession helped pull the reserves approaching $2.5 trillion and United States, let me close with an
world’s economy out of recession and holdings of U.S. government debt observation from my recent visit to
that numerous American companies exceeding $1 trillion, China, China and the need to educate in
have benefitted directly from China’s alarmists warn us, has great leverage China also. CCTV 2 invited me to
economic policies. to harm the United States. In fact, join a televised dialogue on the RMB
Chinese construction projects are instead of giving China leverage, valuation issue with a studio audi-
using Caterpillar equipment, water these enormous reserves pull China ence of 50. At one point during the
infrastructure projects are built with and the United States more closely Q&A, a textile plant owner asked
ITT’s pumps and treatment systems, together. A prosperous and more why the United States is trying to
new trains are powered by General fiscally disciplined United States will restrict China’s growth by pursuing a
Electric engines. The trade numbers be able to repay its debt. If China policy that seeks to appreciate the
certainly support this: while were to dump its U.S. debt, the RMB. Once the audience finished
American global exports declined 21 American economy would certainly applauding, they seemed to reject my
percent in 2009, U.S. exports to suffer – the value of U.S. Treasuries argument that every administration
China declined only 2 percent. Over would drop and interest rates would over the last 31 years has encouraged
the past 12-18 months, American rise – but the biggest loser would China’s growth – out of a firm belief
companies have overwhelmingly surely be China, as it would have sold that a prosperous China is in
increased sales and profits, and are its holding at a significant loss and America’s interests. Clearly we need
expanding their investments in caused reduced consumption in its more programs (and news articles) in
China. In 2009, U.S. direct invest- largest customer. The Chinese lead- China that educate Chinese about
ment in China increased 21.5 ership understands this delicate the United States and its foreign
percent. In this context, Google’s relationship and strongly hopes and policy aims as well. n
withdrawal from the China market is believes (sometimes more strongly
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr2:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 3:21 PM Page 3

Forum on China’s Economy Merchants Bank, a subsidiary that

was rated first for leadership among
all publicly-traded Chinese compa-

in 2010 at NYSE nies by the Wall Street Journal in

2009. He presented a robust agenda
for economic and political reform in 3
China. He explained that China’s V-
shaped recovery in 2009 was fueled

by massive bank lending, which
carries the risk of creating over-
capacity in the export sector and
bubbles in China’s stock and real
estate markets. To truly rebalance
the economy, he proposed that
China reform the factor markets and
state-owned enterprises. Dr. Qin
also proposed that China “liberate”
the currency exchange rate from its
peg to the dollar by floating the
renminbi within a real band against
a real basket of currencies. Finally,
Dr. Qin, who is also a member of the
National People’s Congress, said the
government should not try to derive
its legitimacy from economic growth
but from the provision of public
benefits such as education, health
care, pensions, and housing for the
The first panel discussion was
Justin Yifu Lin, Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, World Bank, moderated by Professor Wu Ho-Mou,
at the NCUSCR forum on China’s economy in 2010 held at the NYSE a CCER deputy director. Professor
Lu Feng gave the economic forecast
based on studies by CCER and other
To offer fresh perspectives on the Stephen Orlins moderated the first Chinese think tanks, predicting that
outlook for China’s economy in 2010, part of the program. China’s economy will grow by about
the National Committee collabo- Dr. Lin, who founded CCER in 10 percent in 2010 and its GDP will
rated with the China Center for 1994, is the first person from the surpass the U.S. GDP in size by
Economic Research (CCER) to pres- developing world to serve as the 2025. Dr. Wang Jian-Ye, chief econo-
ent a half-day forum at the New York World Bank’s chief economist. He mist at the China Export-Import
Stock Exchange on January 7, featur- spoke about the success and prob-
ing forecasts and analyses by leading lems of China’s transition from a
Chinese economists. A capacity command to a market economy,
crowd of over 350 Wall Street profes- pointing out that China’s GDP has
sionals and about 50 journalists grown at an average annual rate of
attended. 9.8 percent for 30 years, due to
The program featured keynote market-oriented reforms. However,
talks by Justin Yifu Lin, the chief the reforms were carried out gradu-
economist and senior vice president ally as the state protected heavy
of the World Bank, and Qin Xiao, the industry with pricing incentives on
chairman of the China Merchants the factors of production – land,
Group, followed by two panel discus- natural resources, capital, labor, and
sions by other leading Chinese the environment. Those price
economists. Duncan Niederauer, controls are now contributing to Professor Yao Yang, Deputy Director,
the CEO and director of NYSE distortions in China’s economy. China Center for Economic Research
Euronext, welcomed everyone, and Chairman Qin Xiao’s conglomer- (CCER) (l) and Huang Yiping,
National Committee President ate is best known for the China Professor, CCER
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_g:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 11:37 AM Page 4

Bank, warned that with expansionary stable  while  corporate  saving  has

monetary  policies  in  industrialized risen  rapidly.    With  households
countries, there will be large capital accounting for a shrinking portion of
inflows into China that will severely the country’s overall economic gains,
test  the  country’s  capital  control Dr.  Yao  believes  it  is  unrealistic  to
4 mechanisms.  Both Dr. Lu and Dr. expect Chinese consumers to over-
Wang indicated support for currency take producers as the primary drivers
appreciation,  but  Dr.  Xiao  Geng, of economic growth.

director  of  the  Brookings-Tsinghua CCER  Professor  Huang  Yiping

Center,  argued  that  China’s was  more  optimistic  about  the
exchange rate does not need adjust- prospects of rebalancing.  He noted
ment.  Rather, rebalancing could be that  the  Chinese  government  has
achieved through inflation, which, he been trying to rebalance the econ-
said, is natural to emerging market omy since 2003 but imbalances have
economies. As domestic prices rise in actually worsened.  This is because
China, goods would also cost more in the  government’s  administrative
dollars, even with a stable exchange measures,  such  as  reducing  the
rate. number of approvals for investment
The second panel, moderated by projects, have not altered the under-
National  Committee  President lying  incentives  that  favor
Stephen  Orlins,  focused  on  the investment  in  fixed  assets  and
future of China’s economic model. manufacturing.    These  incentives
Professor  Yao  Yang,  CCER  deputy are  created  by  distortions  in  the Qin Xiao, Chairman, China
director, expressed doubt that China factor  markets.    Inexpensive  land, Merchants Group
will be able to move away from its capital,  energy  and  labor,  and  the
export-led  growth  model  because absence of pollution pricing, makes from  NYSE Euronext,  was  covered
the  country’s  large  and  productive China an attractive place for manu- by  American  and  Chinese  media
work force makes it naturally suited facturing.    In  effect,  he  said  these outlets  including  the  Wall  Street
to  labor-intensive  manufacturing. factor  market  incentives  act  like Journal,  Reuters,  Bloomberg,
Over the past decade, despite rapid export subsidies.  The key to rebal- Barron’s, Caijing, China Daily, China
economic  growth  and  significant ancing,  he  proposed,  would  be  to Business  News,  CCTV,  Phoenix
gains in labor productivity, workers’ reform the factor markets to remove Television, China Times and Xinhua,
wage growth has not kept pace with incentives for over-investment. among others.  Video of the lectures
overall  economic  growth.    The The forum, funded by the Starr and  panels  are  available  on  the
household savings rate has remained Foundation and CCER, with support National  Committee’s  web  site,
YouTube  and  Fora.TV;  audio  and
podcasts  are  available  on  the  web
site and iTunes.  n

Members’ Bookshelf
A listing of recent books and
special reports by National
Committee members is
available on the National
Committee web site:

Lu Feng, Professor, CCER; Wu-Ho-Mou, Deputy Director, CCER;
Wang Jian-Ye, Chief Economist, China Export-Import Bank; and
Xiao Geng, Director, Brookings-Tsinghua center (l to r)
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:47 PM Page 5

U.S.-China Economic
Dialogue 5

In conjunction with the forum at discussion that touched on a broad then shared with both govern-
the NYSE, the National Committee range of subjects including the rebal- ments as they prepared for the
and its partner the China Center for ancing of the two economies, the next round of the official Strategic
Economic Research (CCER) organ- yuan-dollar exchange rate, the trade & Economic Dialogue (S&ED). In
ized a Track II economic dialogue for deficit and borrowing needs of the April, Secretary of Commerce Gary
the Chinese economists and a group United States, the need for factor Locke invited the American partic-
of leading American economic market reforms in China, and the ipants to Washington, D.C. for a
thinkers to discuss important issues economics of global climate change briefing on the discussions before
that affect bilateral economic rela- and energy policy. he departed for China for the
tions. The informal, off-the-record At the conclusion of the dialogue, S&ED.
dialogue was held over two days at the participants agreed to a set of The next session of thie ongo-
the headquarters of C.V. Starr & principles that the two countries ing dialogue will be held in Beijing
Company in New York. The partici- should adhere to in managing June 17-19, 2010. n
pants had a lively and open economic ties. This consensus was

Dialogue Participants (l to r) Prof. Xu Jintao, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking
University; Trevor Houser, former Senior Advisor to the U.S. Special Envoy on Climate Change; Prof. Yao Yang,
Deputy Director, China Center for Economic Research (CCER); Dr. Wang Jian-Ye, Chief Economist, China
Export-Import Bank; Dr. Nicholas R. Lardy, Senior Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics; Prof.
Lu Feng, Deputy Dean, National School of Development (NSD), Peking University; Maurice R. Greenberg,
Chairman and CEO, C.V. Starr & Company; Prof. Barry Naughton, University of California, San Diego; Dr. Jeffrey
R. Shafer, Vice Chairman, Citigroup; Dr. Qin Xiao, Chairman, China Merchants Group; Prof. Huang Yiping,
CCER; Carla A. Hills, Chair, National Committee on U.S.-China Relations (NCUSCR); Dean Yang Zhuang,
Beijing International MBA Program at Peking University; Robert Rubin, Co-Chairman, Council on Foreign
Relations; Prof. Wu Ho-Mou, Director and Executive Dean, CCER; Stephen A. Orlins, President, NCUSCR; and
Prof. Xiao Geng, Director, Brookings-Tsinghua Center; not pictured: Prof. Martin Feldstein, Harvard University;
and David R. Malpass, President, Encima Global
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:47 PM Page 6

NCUSCR Gala Honors Arora accepted the honor for

Google's opening up new horizons
for millions of Chinese Internet

Business Leaders users through its English and
Chinese search engines, giving them
greater access to information and
advanced technologies. As the only
multinational Internet company

operating in China at the time, it

stood for the right to operate freely
in China, operating globally and
transparently while complying
The gala dinner is an important
source of unrestricted funds for the
National Committee’s programs.
The National Committee is there-
fore very grateful for the generous
support from companies and individ-
uals which ensures the continuation
of its work in support of productive
and cooperative U.S.-China rela-
tions. n

National Committee Chair Carla A. Hills introduces gala keynote

speaker Zhou Wenzhong, China’s ambassador to the United States
More than 300 guests attended
the National Committee’s gala
dinner honoring ITT Corporation
and Google Inc. at the Mandarin
Oriental in New York on December
3, 2009. Zhou Wenzhong, China’s
ambassador to the United States,
gave the keynote address discussing
the state of Sino-American relations
in the aftermath of President
Obama’s trip to China . His remarks
were informed by his presence on
that trip. Three dozen journalists Gala honoree Stephen R. Loranger, Chairman, President and CEO,
from twenty-one news organizations, ITT Corporation; Ambassador Zhou Wenzhong; National Committee
publications and networks in the President Stephen Orlins; and gala honoree Nikesh Arora, President
United States and China covered the of Global Sales and Business Development, Google Inc. (l to r)
ITT Corporation Chairman,
President and CEO Steven R.
Loranger was honored for bringing a National Committee
safe and sanitary water supply to Chair Carla A. Hills
tens of millions of Chinese, for ITT's with Janet Howard,
philanthropic program bringing Vice President,
education about clean water and International Relations,
hygiene to schools in rural China, The Coca-Cola
and for helping the victims of the Company
2008 Sichuan earthquake by deploy-
ing its technologies to save lives in
the aftermath of this tragedy.
Google Inc. President Nikesh
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 7:48 AM Page 7

Inaugural Human Rights

government regulations, the Obama
administration’s open government
directive, reeducation through labor

and Rule of Law Dialogue in China, immigration detentions in

the United States, legal ethics and
habeas corpus. The exchanges 7
prompted experts from both coun-
tries to reflect on their own legal

practices, and consider alternative
Following up on the ground- practices in the two countries, approaches. Overall, the dialogue
breaking 2008 U.S. visit of Huang shared experiences in legal reform, promoted greater mutual under-
Mengfu, vice chairman of the and exchanged views on how the rule standing and respect among the
Chinese People’s Political Consulta- of law can be used to protect human discussants and generated significant
tive Conference and chairman of the rights and address social problems. goodwill. Both sides pledged further
China Foundation for Human Rights The assembled experts represented cooperation and support for each
Development (CFHRD) (see Notes, a wide array of legal institutions: others’ work on rule of law and
Winter 2008-2009), the National China’s National People’s Congress, human rights issues.
Committee worked with Chairman State Council, Supreme People’s This Track II dialogue was the
Huang and CFHRD to hold the Procuratorate, Supreme People’s first of its kind to be hosted by non-
Inaugural Sino-American Dialogue Court and Ministry of Justice as well governmental organizations in the
on the Rule of Law and Human as provincial and local bureaus; the two countries. It followed the
Rights, December 12-13, 2009, in U.S. federal judiciary, Departments November 2009 meeting of
Nantong. For the first time leading of Commerce and Justice; and President Barack Obama and
American and Chinese legal officials, defense bars and academia of both President Hu Jintao in Beijing,
academics, judges and attorneys countries. where the two leaders agreed to hold
discussed developments in four areas The range of participants official dialogues on the rule of law
of law that affect human rights: open brought a variety of institutional and human rights.
government and government secrecy, perspectives to each of the issue The National Committee is
pretrial detention, the role of lawyers areas that added focus and depth to grateful for program funding from
and non-judicial punishment. the discussions. Sub-topics of the The Starr Foundation and the U.S.-
Over two full days of dialogue, wide-ranging and candid talks China Legal Cooperation Fund. n
participants discussed relevant legal included China’s recent open

Dialogue participants Li Zhongcheng, Deputy Director, Office for the Inspection of Dereliction of Duty and
Malfeasance, Supreme People’s Procuratorate; John M. Walker Jr., Senior Circuit Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for
the Second Circuit; Sidney H. Stein, U.S. District Judge, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New
York; Teng Wei, Deputy Director General, Criminal Law Department, Legislative Affairs Commission, National
People's Congress Standing Committee; and Jerome A. Cohen, Professor, Founder & Co-Director, U.S.-Asia Law
Institute, New York University School of Law (l to r)

Annual Barnett-Oksenberg Memorial

Lecture on Sino-American Relations

Educational Exchanges

continued from page 16
not at all shy.
The Sioux Falls Science Pavilion
was also impressive: the visitors
jumped right in, trying the hands-on
exhibits, and enjoying themselves
thoroughly. The group loved the
architecture of this historic building
– a former high school – and its first-
rate 1,900-seat auditorium with state
of the art acoustics, where Yo-Yo Ma
has performed.
The stay in Washington featured
excellent briefings at the National
National Committee Chair Carla A. Hills giving the 2010 Barnett- Science Resources Center, the
Oksenberg Lecture in Shanghai National Academy of Sciences, the
National Institutes of Health, the
Ambassador Carla A. Hills, chair tion, whose writing and actions had American Association for the
of the National Committee and chair a major impact on the bilateral rela- Advancement of Science, the
and CEO of Hills and Company, tionship dating back to the 1960s, American Association of Biology
delivered this year’s Barnett- and who both dedicated much time Teachers, and the American
Oksenberg Memorial Lecture on and energy to the National Association of Science Teachers, as
Sino-American Relations to an audi- Committee. well as two school visits, sightseeing
ence of more than 300 people on Ambassador Hills, the former and – since delegation members
March 2, 2010, in Shanghai. U.S. trade representative and secre- can’t go home empty handed – shop-
Entitled “U.S.-China Relations: tary of housing and urban ping! n
Challenges and Opportunities,” the development, also met with munici-
address encouraged leaders of the pal officials and participated in three
two countries to develop a habit of roundtables with members of the
meeting together regularly to ensure business, academic and policy
cooperative and productive relations communities during her three-day
and collaboration on issues of global stay in Shanghai.
concern. A video of the lecture may The Barnett-Oksenberg Lecture
be viewed on the National is the first and only ongoing lecture
Committee’s web site. series in China on Sino-American
The annual Barnett-Oksenberg relations. The Shanghai Association
lecture has become an unofficial for American Studies, an organiza-
“state of U.S.-China Relations” tion that both Professors Barnett and
address, and is held around the Oksenberg were close to, is the
anniversary of the signing of the Committee’s partner. The U.S.
Shanghai Communiqué in the Chamber of Commerce provides
Jinjiang Auditorium, the site of the invaluable logistical support. Past
historic 1972 agreement signed by speakers have been the Honorable
President Nixon and Premier Zhou. Chas Freeman, the Honorable
The lecture is named in honor of the Robert Zoellick, Dr. Kenneth
late A. Doak Barnett and the late Lieberthal and the Honorable J.
Michel Oksenberg, both American Stapleton Roy. n
scholars and policymakers of distinc-
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:47 PM Page 9

CHINA Town Hall Reaches

Thirty-Nine Cities 9

The third annual CHINA Town The national portion of the the Aspen Strategy Group and
Hall: Local Connections, National program was followed by a specialist chairman of the editorial board of
Reflections was conducted simulta- (or panel) at each venue who the Washington Quarterly. He has
neously in 35 U.S. cities on discussed aspects of Sino-American served in several capacities in
December 8, 2009, and four in relations relevant to the local government, including as deputy
China. The two-part program community and answered audience assistant secretary of defense for
featured a live nationwide webcast questions. Asia and the Pacific, a director on
with Assistant Secretary of State for “Developments in China, and the National Security Council
East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt M. America’s response to these develop- staff, deputy special counselor to
Campbell, in a conversation moder- ments, have a direct impact on the the president for NAFTA in the
ated by National Committee Vice lives of just about everyone in the White House, and a White House
President Jan Berris. Assistant United States,” said Stephen A. fellow at the Department of the
Secretary Campbell discussed the Orlins, president of the National Treasury.
state of the U.S.-China relationship Committee on U.S.-China Relations. CHINA Town Hall: Local
in light of recent developments “CHINA Town Hall is designed to Connections, National Reflections
including the recently concluded give people the opportunity to is supported by generous funding
visit to China by President Obama, discuss these issues with America’s from the Starr Foundation. A video
the global financial crisis, trade major China experts.” of the nationwide webcast may be
imbalances and the Copenhagen Prior to assuming his current viewed on the web site of the
summit. Following his remarks, he position, Kurt Campbell was the National Committee. n
answered questions e-mailed in from CEO and co-founder of the Center
audience members at the various for a New American Security and
venues across the world. concurrently served as the director of

Videos of Select NCUSCR

Public Programs Are Now
Available Online at

Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt
M. Campbell was the nationwide webcast speaker for the third
annual CHINA Town Hall: Local Connections, National
Reflections, which was moderated by National Committee Vice
President Jan Berris and conducted at thirty-nine venues in the
United States and China
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:47 PM Page 10


U.S.-China Teachers Following are essays by American

and Chinese TEP participants on

Exchange Program the impact of their experiences
in the program

For fourteen years, the U.S.- their host country. The Chinese Chris Fray
China Teachers Exchange Program teachers placed in the United States Staples High School
(TEP) has sent American K-12 generally live with host families, Westport, Connecticut
teachers to China and brought giving them more intimate day-to- TEP Autumn 1998
Chinese secondary school teachers day interaction with American life. Yangzhou Middle School
to the United States for an academic TEP participants also attend Jiangsu Province
year. Since the program began, mid-year conferences in the host The first time I ever went to
about 300 Chinese and 100 country, in which they share experi- China was in 1990, a year after
American teachers have each taught ences, collaborate on ways to address Tiananmen Square. I was working for
hundreds of students in their host challenges and develop ideas on how a company specializing in tourism to
country and brought home indelible to incorporate what they have the former Soviet Union and was

experiences and fresh perspectives learned during their stay into their thrilled to find myself in Irkutsk,
that inform their careers as educa- teaching once they return home. Siberia, preparing to lead 20
tors. Returned TEP educators from Many of the visiting Chinese educa- Americans to Beijing via the Trans-
both countries have shared innova- tors also attend an optional ten-day Mongolian Railroad. On the day of
tive concepts in special education, summer study tour where they learn our departure, my Intourist Guide,
teacher and student assessment and about the historical foundations, Larissa, and I saw another tour
course evaluation, educational government, nonprofit sector and manager who worked for my
administration and diversity and overall educational system of the company in the hotel lobby getting
tolerance. They have gone on to United States. ready to take a group on the Trans-
become administrators and princi- The 2009-2010 academic year Siberian from Irkutsk to Moscow.
pals, to promote community service program includes ten Chinese teach- “You see that tour manager?” she
and support education for underpriv- ers at secondary schools in Florida, said, pointing to the older American
ileged children. Massachusetts, Oklahoma, New gentleman, “I worked with him last
Generously funded by the Hampshire and Wisconsin, and three year. Not only does he speak Russian
Freeman Foundation since its incep- Americans in Anqing and Beijing. like you, but he speaks fluent
tion, TEP provides an unparalleled Collectively, TEP participants and Chinese!” The idea of speaking
opportunity for teachers to live in alumni serve as a bridge between both languages captured my imagi-
another culture, be immersed in a two distinct cultures, and have a nation – as well as my envy – when I
new education system, and return profound impact on the way the next found myself trying to feed 20
home with innovative ideas and a generation of Americans and American tourists as we crossed the
wealth of knowledge about life in Chinese will regard each other. n Mongolian plains with a dining car
worker who spoke some Chinese but
not a word of English or Russian. By
the time I woke up in Beijing a few
days later, marveling at the throng of
humanity effortlessly navigating the
streets of the capital on their bicy-
cles, I made a quiet vow to myself
that no matter what it took, I would
one day live in China and learn this
ancient and mysterious language.
A mere six years later, at the end
of my first year teaching computers
at Staples High School in Westport,
CT, our superintendent announced
a comprehensive five-year initiative
Chris Fray at “English Corner” with Yangzhou Middle School of which one component was a focus
students in a local restaurant, December 1998 on globalization and international
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 7:48 AM Page 11

outreach. Much to my delight, consider switching from teaching Yangzhou. I was able to see most of
Westport established a sister city Spanish to Mandarin Chinese, I said the Chinese exchange teachers for
relationship with Yangzhou, China, to her, “Absolutely! For me, this is a whom I’ve been a helper when they
and instituted a Teachers Exchange dream come true!” taught in the Westport Public
Program between the two towns. As Now in my fifth year of teaching Schools for their year abroad over the
a new teacher, I waited a polite year Chinese at Staples High School, I past 12 years, including several with 11
before applying and was thrilled to have ninety-five students in five whom I co-taught Chinese classes at
be selected by my district to repre- sections learning how to read, write Staples High School. In fact, my

sent Westport as a teacher of English and speak Chinese. With character- continuing contacts with colleagues
at Yangzhou Middle School for the istic foresight on the part of our in Yangzhou enabled me to arrange a
first semester of the 1998-1999 district’s administration, next year four-day home stay in Yangzhou for
school year. Chinese will be offered in the my students, certainly one of the
While being interviewed by middle school at the sixth grade, high points of their trip.
Margot Landman, I don’t think she leading to hundreds of sixth through As for me, I was given my old
could have imagined that this oppor- twelfth graders studying Chinese in apartment on the campus of
tunity was the first step in fulfilling the Westport Public Schools within Yangzhou Middle School and in
the vow I had made nearly eight three years. Having experienced the between daily banquets, was able to
years prior. When I attended the pre- necessity of travel to the target sit at my old kitchen table and
departure orientation the summer culture as part of a complete world reflect on the “English Corner”


before leaving for China, I quickly language education, last summer I conversations with my students
realized that all of the time and took seven of my students to China where my dreams truly began to take
effort that Margot had put into for a two-week visit to six cities, flight. n
preparing the program participants including Beijing, Nanjing and
portended a truly collaborative
exchange of not only ideas on how
best to educate Chinese and
American students but also an
enlightening challenge to one’s
concept of cultural norms.
I had fulfilled the first part of my
vow to live and work in China, but
the next step of learning to speak,
read and write Chinese had only just
begun. While teaching in Yangzhou,
I scoured Chinese grammar books
and made flashcards of new vocabu-
lary on a daily basis. When my
students came for lunch at my apart-
ment for our weekly “English
Corner” conversations, we’d sit
Gong Yan with students of the Snowden International School in
around my kitchen table where I’d
Boston on prom night, 2002
try out new phrases that I’d learned,
prompting them to help me with my Gong Yan Does your experience in the
Chinese just as I was helping them Nanjing Teachers University States add to the prestige of your
with their English. Affiliated Middle School school or your class?
When I returned to the United Nanjing, Jiangsu One day after coming back from
States, I enrolled in a Chinese class TEP 2001-2002 Academic Year Boston, I was asked by the principal
at a local community college to Snowden International School to do a presentation about American
bolster my emerging verbal skills and Boston, Massachusettes high school education, but I said no.
gain an introduction to writing Believe it or not, I told the principal
Chinese characters. My subsequent Dear colleagues, that the more you know about
six-year commitment to the develop- Does your principal expect more American high school education, the
ment of my abilities in the Chinese of you since you came back from the less you dare to talk about it.
language mirrored China’s rise as an exchange program? Another day, I was invited to the
economic powerhouse. When my Do people in your home school principal’s office. He told me that
World Language Department Head think you can now speak English like the school would send me as a
asked me one day in 2005 if I would a native? member of an education delegation
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_g:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 11:37 AM Page 12

Chinese Taking Root

that  would  visit  some  schools  in
Singapore.  My  job  was  to  focus  on
how the schools there were imple-

menting  international  curricula.
While I wondered why I was in the
delegation  when  all  the  other
in Oklahoma
members were principals, deans or
superintendents, the lure of seeing

Singapore made it hard for me to say In 2004, only three public schools programs  are  now  staffed  with  24

no to the principal this time. in  Oklahoma  offered  Chinese resident  Chinese  teachers  and  16
Finally, the principal told me our language classes.  During the 2004- visiting teachers (from TEP and the
school  was  looking  into  an 2005  academic  year,  that  number College  Board/Hanban  Guest
International Baccalaureate Diploma doubled  with  the  help  of  the  first Teacher program). Five other schools
Program (IBDP) and asked me to be visiting native Chinese teachers in are also receiving Chinese language
a liaison with western teachers who the  state,  who  came  through  the instruction  from  the  University  of
would work in the department. This National  Committee’s  Teachers Oklahoma  Tulsa  and  Norman
time, I said yes, thinking that, as a Exchange  Program  (TEP).  This campuses via interactive television. 
language teacher, I should do some- successful  program  contributed  to Remarking on the rapid progress
thing to help the school. the  rapid  expansion  of  Chinese of  Chinese  language  instruction  in

I have since been part of program language  instruction  in  Oklahoma, Oklahoma,  Jessica  Stowell,  former

planning, holding a press conference with 46 schools offering courses to director of the Oklahoma Institute
where a national forum of principals 8,000  students  statewide  in  2009- for  Teaching  East  Asia  notes:
was  being  held,  resulting  in  wide 2010.    In  a  state  of  three  million “Communication  opens  doors;
coverage of our new program.  It has people with 650,000 K-12 students, communication in a second language
become  an  IBDP  preparatory this is higher than the national aver- opens more doors, but communica-
program.  I am responsible for speak- age. tion in Chinese opens golden doors.”
ing  with  many  parents  who  call  to Oklahoma’s  Chinese  language
ask about it, in the hope that it will
serve  as  a  bridge  to  world-famous
universities  like  Harvard,  Yale,
Cambridge and Princeton. Speaking
honestly with parents, I don’t deny
the  chances  of  getting  into  those
schools, but if their children would
not have been eligible to go to Beida
or  Tsinghua,  there  is  no  point
expecting  them  to  be  admitted  by
Harvard or Princeton.
I  have  been  busy  recruiting
students  for  the  new  program  and
helping  with  the  search  for  a  new
coordinator of the program. Although
this has caused me to feel stressed
ever  since  I  came  back  from  the
Teachers Exchange Program, I have
been able to contribute to my school,
and  I  find  that  I  have  done  some
good for Chinese high school educa-
tion! n

TEP teacher Han Dongni (fifth from left) is welcomed to Tulsa,
Oklahoma, by Jessica Stowell, former director of the Oklahoma
Institute for Teaching East Asia  (second from left), teachers and
community members
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 7:48 AM Page 13

Beijing, Yanji, Xi’an and Changzhou
from June 22 to July 18, with the
optional three-day extension trip to

Exchanges Hong Kong. The itinerary included

site visits and briefings on the
history and diversity of China’s 13
rapidly developing society with a
focus on foreign language instruction

For almost 40 years, the National ings by Chinese experts in a variety and the particular challenges that it
Committee has conducted exchange of fields, complemented by site presents for Chinese educators.
programs for American and Chinese visits that brought the discussions to As English is a required subject
educators. Since 1981, it has been life. Most participants elected to for all Chinese students beginning in
doing so on behalf of the U.S. take part in a three-day Hong Kong the third grade, there are now more
Department of Education (and its extension trip, funded primarily by a Chinese studying English than there
predecessors) and China’s Ministry grant the National Committee are Americans. Thus, supplying
of Education, under a Memorandum receives each year from an anony- sufficient numbers of trained teach-
of Understanding signed by the two mous donor, and by contributions ers is a pressing issue; learning about
countries. Each year, the National from participants. how pre-service and in-service
Committee sends one or two groups Following their return to the professional development addresses


of American educators to China for United States, participants are the huge need was of great interest
one-month study tours, and brings required to create curricula based on to the American educators.
two groups of Chinese educators to their experiences; these are available Chinese is a second language for
the United States for two-week on the National Committee’s web some of China’s ethnic minorities
study tours. These exchanges site for use by other educators. who begin to learn Mandarin
provide an abundance of insights, Chinese only when they enroll in
information and innovative ideas Language Instruction in China primary school. Some areas thus face
that benefit the individual educators bilingual education issues similar to
and enhance the schools, districts The seminar on native and those in the United States. There
and communities in which they live foreign language instruction and are also unique challenges related to
and work. Some highlights of each training in China provided an oppor- teaching the reading of alphabet-
program follow. tunity for 16 elementary and based foreign languages as opposed
secondary school educators to go to to character-based Chinese that
Fulbright-Hays Seminars to China

The National Committee began

administering the Fulbright-Hays
Seminars Abroad Program to China
in 1981. It was the first program of
its kind designed to introduce
American educators to China’s
history, culture, society and educa-
tional system. In the past few years,
a second seminar has occasionally
been added that focuses on a
specific area: in 2009 there was one
seminar on native and foreign
language instruction and training in
China for elementary and secondary
school teachers, and one on history
and culture for post-secondary
school educators.
Both seminars were led by an
American scholar-escort and a
Chinese teacher-escort. The latter
were former participants in the U.S.- Fulbright Foreign Language Instruction in China seminar participant
China Teachers Exchange Program. Ruth Rhone, foreign language department chair, Suitland High
They included lectures and brief- School in Forestville, Maryland, with Chinese students
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 7:49 AM Page 14

opportunity of a lifetime and I am

most grateful to have been one of the
participants. I learned so much
about China and met such terrific
History and Culture in China

Sixteen post-secondary school

educators went to Beijing, Xi’an,
Chongqing and Shanghai from June
30 to July 30, on a seminar on the
history and culture of China. The
seven days in Beijing were packed
with visits to prominent cultural and
historic sites and briefings with
scholars and specialists. Among
these were a discussion of contem-
porary China at Peking University, a
Fulbright History and Culture seminar participants at a statue of

meeting with a China Daily editor, a

General Joseph W. Stilwell in Chongqing
briefing on higher education in
China at the Ministry of Education,
fascinated the American teachers. language school, held discussions a lecture and gallery visit focused on
In addition to cultural and histor- with officials from Yanbian contemporary art in China, a tour of
ical visits, the Beijing portion of the University and visited local historical a traditional hutong neighborhood,
seminar included meetings and sites. Xi’an provided the opportu- and meetings on topics including
briefings at the National nity to meet with rural English Chinese literature, social reform and
Committee’s partner organization teachers enrolled in professional the economy.
for this and other education-related development programs. The Unfortunately, the group’s arrival
programs, the China Education American teachers were matched in Beijing was marred by the quaran-
Association for International with groups of Chinese teachers for tine of three participants under
Exchange (CEAIE); a branch of the presentations and informal discus- H1N1 prevention measures. On the
private English language teaching sion. In Changzhou, participants flight to China they had been seated
company Wall Street Institute; also had homestays, offering a close- near a passenger who tested positive
Beijing Normal University’s teacher up view of everyday life in China. for the disease; thus they had a very
training program; and the Inter- The 12 participants who elected different Beijing experience than
University Program for Chinese to go on to Hong Kong were fasci- their colleagues!
Language Studies at Tsinghua nated by briefings at the University The five-day stay in Xi’an
University. of Hong Kong on the Hong Kong focused on China’s history, with
A visit to the Dandelion School, educational system (so different visits to numerous museums and
which serves the children of migrant from what they had seen and heard historical sites (including the terra-
workers, offered a perspective on the on the mainland) and public opinion cotta warriors), and to secondary
lives of some of the millions of polling and relations with the main- schools and Northwest University.
migrant children in China, most of land; on the business and economic The exploration of traditional
whom lack access to education. It climate in Hong Kong at the Hong Chinese medicine was capped by a
was a highlight of the trip for many Kong Chamber of Commerce; and on visit to the Chinese Medicine
participants. In the words of one, “I Hong Kong’s judicial system by a Museum and an acupuncture
hold the Dandelion School very close justice of the High Court. (They demonstration. Historical themes
to my heart. Despite all odds, they also watched part of a murder trial, were complemented by discussions
are striving and making the grade! which was an amazing experience.) of China’s on-going “develop the
The principal, Dr. Zheng Hong, is A fabulous meal at a restaurant on west” policy and contemporary
one of the best instructional leaders the Peak was a great way to conclude economic development.
I have met.” the program. Chongqing was on the schedule
In Yanji, near China’s border with Shortly after her return to the for the first time and it turned out to
North Korea, the group observed United States, one participant be a highlight of the trip, allowing
English classes and met with teach- wrote, “The Fulbright trip was the delegation members to see rural
ers and students at a Korean absolutely wonderful! It was the areas and the amazing Dazu
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_g:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 11:37 AM Page 15

Buddhist grottoes, among many ness and economic climate in Hong ates must find their own jobs, and
other activities. An outstanding Kong, and the judicial system. A career counseling has been insti-
program in Chongqing was a lecture discussion of human rights in China tuted on some college campuses.
on the place of the city during the was a highlight. They also met with Thus the Ministry of Education
Second World War by a Chongqing journalists and with social service asked that the subject be the focus
University professor who later took providers focusing on children and of our programs for the 2009 and 15
the Americans to the General youth, and had a quick tour of a local 2010 Chinese educators delegations.
Stilwell museum. She had had a role museum. The first university career coun-

in setting up the museum, especially Some participants experimented seling delegation came to the United
its English-language signage. The with their curriculum projects during States in spring 2009. The very
juxtaposition of the history lesson the fall semester, immediately after professional and engaged group of 12
and the museum visit had a deep their return to the United States, had a highly successful tour of
impact on many participants, and and were delighted by how receptive Washington, D.C., Pittsburgh, Salt
one ended up writing her curriculum their students were. As a result, four Lake City, and San Francisco. The
project on Stilwell. While she was of them put together a well-received second delegation went to Dayton
conducting research at the Hoover panel at the College English and Dallas in addition to Washington
Institution, repository of Stilwell’s Association annual convention in San and San Francisco in fall 2009.
papers, one of Stilwell’s grandsons Antonio in March. The theme of the At Sinclair Community College
(an old friend of the National conference was “Voices,” and the in Dayton, profiled in The New York


Committee’s), got wind of her proj- four presented “Voices from China” Times as a model for job placement,
ect and asked to meet her. She was ranging from Confucius (his impact the delegation was briefed by the
thrilled, as was he: he told her that on contemporary China) to Ma Jian, College’s senior vice president and
most Americans know nothing about author of the novel Beijing Coma provost about the school’s mission,
his grandfather, and he was glad that published in 2008. programs, and student body. While
she was doing something to amelio- enrollment is at an all-time high –
rate the problem. A comment from during the economic downturn many
her post-trip message: Education Delegations from China people have returned to school – the
“Normally I am not this dramatic employment picture in Dayton and
but I think that this trip changed my University Career Counseling beyond is changing. The group was
life – it made me want to learn more very impressed by how quickly and
about China and Asia with a level of With approximately six million effectively Sinclair Community
energy that I have not felt in a long students graduating from Chinese College has adapted both its curricu-
time… This seminar tempered my universities annually, employment of lum and its counseling services to
incredibly Eurocentric nature. It college graduates has become a major meet the employment challenges
challenged me greatly, but as a issue. Until fairly recently, the facing its graduates.
result, it forced me to grow as a government was responsible for China wants to develop entrepre-
person. THANK YOU! I promise I making job assignments; now gradu- neurs, and delegation members
will communicate this enthusiasm to
my students. I’m already driving my
friends crazy.”
The formal portion of the semi-
nar ended with a week in Shanghai
that included overviews of China’s
foreign policy and modern and
contemporary history at Fudan
University, a briefing at the Institute
for Environmental Protection and a
well-received visit to the Shanghai
No. 4 School for the Deaf, which
impressed the group and particularly
resonated with one participant who
works at a school for the blind.
Ten participants chose to partic-
ipate in the Hong Kong extension.
Like their language program coun- The University Career Counseling Delegation visiting Remington
terparts, they attended briefings on College, outside of Dallas, where a meeting on career services
Hong Kong public opinion, the busi- included lunch prepared by Remington culinary students
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:47 PM Page 16

expressed interest before their Francisco-based, an received very high marks.
arrival in learning how student entre- on-line platform that connects Initially, the delegation members
preneurship is encouraged in the college students, alumni, and questioned the inclusion of
United States. We therefore sched- employers, focused on the reach of Brookings and Sioux Falls, South
uled a meeting in Dayton with his company. The largest career Dakota, on the itinerary. After the
16 SCORE, a nationwide non-profit network in the United States, visit, they agreed that there was
organization dedicated to nurturing serves almost three tremendous value in seeing educa-
small businesses. SCORE’s volun- million students nationwide. It tion in small cities, and they were

teers, working and retired business reaches students through academic extremely impressed by the hospital-
owners and executives, mentor departments and student groups on ity with which they were welcomed.
people establishing businesses. Of campuses, and is also very well- They heard about and observed
great interest to the visitors was the received by employers who use it to education through visits to the
fact that SCORE’s services are free. focus their recruiting to audiences Center for Earth Resources
They were also astonished to learn they want to target. Delegation Observation and Science, where they
that one of their Dayton briefers, an members were startled when the discussed outreach programs for K-
active SCORE volunteer, was 92 head of encouraged 12 students; the South Dakota State
years old! them to apply the model to China University science teacher education
In Dallas the delegation met even though the process is patented program for an overview of how
with officials at a U.S. Department in the United States. His goal is to science teachers are prepared,

of Labor regional office of appren- assist students, and by extension, he educated and certified; and the
ticeship, and visited the University explained, he hopes to see Chinese Brookings School Board, where they
of Texas, Dallas’ Career Service students gain access to a service he discussed the Board’s role in setting
Center (CSC). While also dedicated believes would be useful to them. science curricula and selecting text-
to helping students find post-gradu- books.
ation employment, the CSC is Secondary School Science Even in South Dakota, there are
significantly different from the Education small world stories! A state senator
Sinclair Community College career was part of a panel the South Dakota
counseling office. In response to the As a follow-up to a U.S. govern- hosts put together on the role of
needs of its students, career coun- ment science education mission that school boards in American education.
selors spend much time helping visited China in fall 2009, the She was a former school board
students identify and secure intern- Chinese Ministry of Education member herself, a legislator, and the
ships around the country. CSC requested that the theme for the mother of school-aged children. In
representatives also discussed vari- spring 2010 educators delegation be fact, she was joined by her 12-year-
ous services offered to students secondary school science education. old son who made a few remarks
including career coaching, network- We combined school visits with an about what it is like to be an inter-
ing and resume workshops, and array of briefings at science muse- mediate school student. It turns out
alumni mentoring programs. ums; colleges of education, including that the senator is a distant relative
A college recruiter for Texas discussion of the training of science of General Joseph Stilwell! She
Instruments, headquartered in teachers and the development of knew that he “loved the Chinese
Dallas, described how a major corpo- national standards in the sciences; people,” but was not fully aware of
ration works with university career professional teachers’ organizations his role in China or in Sino-American
counselors to reach students. She and government offices. relations. The Chinese science
emphasized the importance of social The spring delegation traveled educators remedied that by giving
media, including Facebook, in from west to east (most National her a mini history lesson
connecting jobs and job seekers. Committee delegations begin their Two school visits in Brookings
The program in Washington, programs on the east coast and move included classroom observations at
D.C., the first stop on the study tour, west), starting in San Francisco, the high school and the intermedi-
began with a wonderful overview of continuing to South Dakota, and ate school; the latter is housed in a
American education offered by the ending up in Washington, D.C. beautiful new facility, developed in
senior editor for government and Highlights of the San Francisco visit response to faculty and administra-
politics at the Chronicle of Higher included briefings at the Science and tion recommendations, which
Education. A retired executive vice Health Education Partnership (at surprised the Chinese. On several
president of Montgomery College the University of California, San occasions during the walk around the
(in Maryland) provided an overview Francisco); the California Academy school, delegation members chatted
of career counseling at the university of Science, including tours of the with the outgoing young students,
level. Academy museum and lab facilities; fourth and fifth graders who were
The executive director of San and the Exploratorium. They all continued on page 8
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_g:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 11:37 AM Page 17

Land Use and Public

regional planning and the MTC’s
integration of transportation and
land use planning.

Participation Exchange
Throughout the program, discus-
sions were held with scholars who
conduct relevant research at 17
academic institutions such as Yale
University, New York University and

The National Committee land use decision-making process University of California, Berkeley.
recently completed a two-way and met with individuals in the In the second phase of the proj-
exchange program focusing on public private sector and at NGOs that ect, a group of four American experts
participation in issues of land use, work on these issues. In New went to Shanghai, Xi’an and
eminent domain and relocation in Haven, they studied planning and Zhengzhou to meet with their
the United States and China. The development issues of a smaller Chinese counterparts and to give
program proved very timely, with urban area through meetings at Yale presentations on public participation
issues of eminent domain gaining University, Yale Law School and the in land use decisions at workshops
attention in the United States and New Haven City Plan Department. for Chinese government officials and
homes being demolished for large In Washington, D.C., the delega- scholars. A total of eighty-three offi-
developments in China stirring tion learned about alternative cials, scholars and graduate students
controversy. The Land Use and dispute resolution methods and the attended day-long workshops
Public Participation Program, funded federal government agencies respon- conducted by the American experts
by the U.S. Department of State sible for land use decisions. This was in the three cities.
Bureau of Educational and Cultural done in briefings at the U.S. The Americans also gained a
Affairs, enabled government officials, Environmental Protection Agency better understanding of the Chinese
scholars and experts from the United and the Bureau of Land land use system through site visits
States and China to share innova- Management, the Consensus and meetings with municipal
tions and successes in dealing with Building Institute, the Conflict government officials, law professors,
these issues and to develop fresh Prevention and Resolution Center lawyers specializing in the issue and
perspectives on the challenges faced (to discuss alternative dispute reso- representatives of civil society
in both countries. lution methods for land use groups who work on the front lines
The program was conducted in conflicts) and RESOLVE, which of land use decisions in China.
three phases. In the first segment specializes in mediation in issues of In the final phase of the project,
(February 2009), the National energy, drinking water and water- Chinese participants wrote two case
Committee hosted eight Chinese sheds. studies of public participation in
government officials and scholars for Community groups and NGOs land use decisions, one in Shanghai
a two-week study tour to New York, that work on land use issues were and one in Xi’an. The case studies,
New Haven, Washington, D.C. and the focus in San Francisco: the East written with feedback from the
San Francisco. The group focused on Bay Community Law Center, the American experts, focus on the inter-
procedural issues in New York, San Francisco Planning and Urban actions among open government
where they sat in on a New York Research Association and the Urban frameworks, land use decisions and
Planning Commission public hear- Land Institute. A visit with the public participation and may be
ing, had meetings with municipal Metropolitan Transportation viewed on the National Committee’s
government officials to discuss the Commission (MTC) covered web site. n

Members of the
land use and
public participa-
tion delegation
meet with NGO
and government
at the New York
City Law
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:47 PM Page 18

Strategic Security Issues

received a lot of attention, but this
year, with President Obama’s visit to
China having so recently taken place,

Delegation from China the subject of how each country
treats its core interests also received
a lot of attention. Some good,
constructive suggestions were made
by both sides to try to mitigate or

The most recent, and many many people around the table had ameliorate the tension between the
participants felt, the most success- participated in this Dialogue for two countries that everyone around
ful, session of our long-running Track several years, their familiarity with the table knew would increase, as
II Dialogue on Northeast Asian each other made them more prone to the United States had, the day
Security was held January 19-25, be open with one another. before the meeting, announced an
2010, in Washington, D.C. We The most important component arms sale package to Taiwan. The
attribute the success to two things. of the program is the day and a half fact that the Dialogue proceeded in
The first is the solid teams put of off-the-record discussions. The the face of that announcement with
together by the China Foundation three overarching topics this year no strains among those at the table
for International & Strategic were world power trends and their is testimony to the importance of on-
Studies, our Chinese partner, and implications, prospects for Sino- going, closed door sessions among
the National Committee and our American cooperation on security people who have come to know and
long time American partner, the issues and paths to partnership. As trust one another.
Preventive Defense Project (PDP). always, northeast Asia security and After the American participants
The second is the fact that as so particularly cross-Strait issues in the Dialogue departed, the

Preventive Defense Project U.S.-China Strategic Security Issues Dialogue

January 22-24, 2010
U.S. Representatives Dr. Lyle Goldstein Dr. David M. Lampton
Director Director
Dr. William Perry China Maritime Institute China Studies
Michael and Barbara Berberian U.S. Naval War College Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced
Professor International Studies
Freeman Spogli Institute Ms. Deborah Gordon Johns Hopkins University
for International Studies; Associate Director
Co-Director PDP Mr. Stephen A. Orlins
Preventive Defense Project (PDP) Stanford University President
Stanford University NCUSCR
Dr. Siegfried S. Hecker
Ms. Jan Berris Professor Admiral Joseph Prueher (USN Retired)
Vice President Management Science and Engineering; Former U.S. Ambassador to China
National Committee on United Co-Director
States-China Relations Center for International Security and Dr. Edward S. Steinfeld
(NCUSCR) Cooperation Associate Professor
Stanford University Department of Political Science
Dr. Thomas J. Christensen MIT
Professor of Politics and Ambassador Carla A. Hills
International Affairs Chair
Woodrow Wilson School of Public NCUSCR;
and International Affairs Chair
Princeton University Hills and Company

Dr. Thomas Fingar Dr. Arnold L. Kanter

Oksenberg-Rohlen Distinguished Senior Fellow
Fellow and Senior Scholar The Scowcroft Group
Freeman Spogli Institute
for International Studies
Stanford University
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 11:52 AM Page 19

Chinese participants met with the

State Department’s Deputy
Secretary Jim Steinberg and
Assistant Secretary of State for East
Asian and Pacific Affairs (and past
PDP participant) Kurt Campbell; 19
Special Assistant to the President
and NSC Senior Director for Asian

Affairs Jeff Bader and head of the
China desk (and a fellow in the
Committee’s Public Intellectuals
Program) Evan Medeiros; and Under
Secretary of Defense Michèle
Flournoy and Principal Deputy
Assistant Secretary for Asian and
Pacific Security Affairs Derek
Mitchell. They had dinner with
another Under Secretary of Defense,
Ash Carter, a co-founder of PDP
along with former Secretary of
Defense William Perry.
The delegation also had several
continued on page 27 Strategic Security Issues Dialogue participants in Washington, D.C.

Chinese Participants

Ambassador Wang Yingfan

Former Vice Minister of Foreign Mr. Li Ji Dr. Huang Jiashu
Affairs Director General Professor
Foreign Affairs Office China Renmin University
Ministry of National Defense
Mr. Chen Zhiya
Secretary General
Mr. Zhu Haitao
China Foundation for International Dr. Yao Yunzhu Deputy Chief
& Strategic Studies (CFISS) Director Planning Bureau
Asia-Pacific Security Research Office Ministry of National Defense
Major General Huang Xing Department of World Military Studies
Academy of Military Science Dr. Yuan Peng
(At Harvard this year) Director
Department of Scientific Research
Guidance Academy of Military Institute of American Studies
Science Mr. Cui Liru CICIR
PLA President
China Institutes for Contemporary Mr. Ren Faqiang
Major General Zhu Chenghu International Relations (CICIR) Director
Director-General and Professor Policy Analysis Division
Academic Department of Strategic Mr. Zhang Tuosheng Department of North American &
Studies Chairman Oceanian Affairs
National Defense University Academic Assessment Committee Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mr. Lu Dehong
General Gong Xianfu Dr. Huang Renwei Director
Vice Chairman Vice President Research Department
China Institute for International Shanghai Academy of Social Science CFISS
Strategic Studies (CIISS)
Ms. Fu Xiao
Associate Researcher
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr2:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 3:21 PM Page 20

Young Leaders Forum

the Blind in Fuzhou, told the inspir-
ing story of how he taught himself
English after he went blind in his

2009 in Xiamen early 20s, turning his hardship into
personal and professional triumph.
The following day, Evan Greenberg,
chairman, president and CEO of
ACE Limited (who took time out of

a hectic set of China business meet-

ings to travel to Xiamen for the sole
reason of spending an afternoon at
YLF) gave a riveting presentation on
the growth of his insurance business
in China, and shared his insights into
what he sees as prospects for success
and failure in China today.
Site visits included side trips to
Gulangyu Island, formerly an enclave
for foreign traders, and Nanputuo
Temple, home to 120 monks and a
library of more than 50,000 Buddhist
texts. Both sites allowed the
Chinese and American fellows to
explore in greater depth how
Young Leaders Forum Fellows Matt Isler and Zhang Bin modern-day China incorporates,
celebrates, and challenges its past
and its traditions, The Forum was
The 2009 forum, funded on the The Forum also always includes capped off with the fellows taking
U.S. side by the ACE Charitable guest speakers, visits to local histor- tandem bicycle rides along the coast-
Foundation and Aetos Capital and ical and cultural sites, and bonding line and enjoying an outdoor
coordinated with the program’s activities. This year Xia Rongqiang barbeque, Chinese style, for their
Chinese partner, the Chinese (Chester Xia), director of Hadley- farewell dinner.
People’s Institute of Foreign Affairs, China and The Hadley School for Immediately following the
was held in the coastal city of
Xiamen in Fujian Province,
November 4-8, and included 25
current and alumni fellows. The
Xiamen Foreign Affairs Office
provided key logistical assistance.
The core of the Forum is always
a series of discussions focused on a
central theme; this year it was
“Success & Failure.” Participants
had eight to ten minutes to describe
a professional or personal success or
failure, and discuss a key lesson or
two derived from the experience.
The presentations – on such topics
as balancing career and parenthood,
mounting political campaigns, culti-
vating contemporary artists,
conducting military operations and
launching new businesses – led to
fascinating exchanges that enabled
the YLFers to learn about one
another professionally and person- Participants at the 2009 Young Leaders Forum in Xiamen visited
ally. Nanputuo Temple
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_g:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 11:38 AM Page 21

celebrates, and challenges its past sized shoe factory – Quanzhou’s United States and China both bene-
and its traditions, The Forum was 3,000 shoe factories produce 500 fit from this program which provides
capped off with the fellows taking million pairs a year, including one in fellows with fresh ideas, new
tandem bicycle rides along the coast- every four pairs of sneakers made in perspectives and lasting friendships
line and enjoying an outdoor China – and ending up at a private on both sides of the Pacific. n
barbeque, Chinese style, for their performance featuring master 21
farewell dinner. puppeteers from the Quanzhou
Immediately following the Marionette Troupe. The group

Forum, a subset of American and spent its final full day in Anxi
Chinese YLF participants set off for County learning about harvesting
an optional 3½-day extension trip and drying tea, and even had a tea-
across Fujian that allowed for further tasting at the Tea Culture Exhibition
bonding. The group spent the first Hall. The group returned to Xiamen
day in Nanjing County exploring the in the evening for a final dinner and
kejia tulou, remarkable rammed- last-minute bargain hunting.
earth houses that dot the landscape, The diversity of backgrounds,
and overnighted in one that had experiences and interests make YLF
been retrofitted for tourists. The a perennially fascinating gathering of
second day took place in Quanzhou, individuals who are quickly emerging
starting off with a visit to a medium- as the leaders of tomorrow. The

YLF Fellows and Alumni at the 2009 Forum Xiang Biao

November 4-8, 2009 Academic Fellow, Institute of Social and
Cultural Anthropology
University of Oxford
Kirsten Bartok Liu Yadong
CEO, AirFinance
Xiang Feng
Founder, Haohai Investment
Vice President – Public Affairs &
Strategy, China District UPS
Du Chang-ping Patrick McKenna
Vice Mayor, Fuyang City CEO, Keniks, LLC
Representative, Anhui People’s Xu Jiansheng
Congress Partner, Sphere Logic Partners
Reihan Salam
Fellow, New America Foundation;
Jennifer Dulski Yan Wangjia
Columnist, Editor
Co-founder & CEO, Center’d Corp. CEO and Founder
Beijing VenusTech Inc.
Tang Haisong
Alexandra Harney Senior Director, Intellectual Ventures
Author; Head of Research, Visibility Yan Zhuming
Assistant to the Managing Director and
Christopher Taube Executive Director, Xiamen Huayuan
Matthew Isler Director, Aetos Capital, LLC
Lt. Colonel, United States Air Force Construction Group Co., Ltd.

Philip Tinari Kevin Yoder

Stacy Kenworthy
Writer and curator Member, Kansas House of
Chairman, Asymsys, Inc.
Wang Jian Shuo
Li Hong
CEO, Zhang Bin
Senior Partner, Zhong Lun Law Firm
Managing Director
Wang Yang Union Mobile Pay Ltd.
Li Rong
Managing Director, Rabobank
Co-founder and Vice President
Nederland, Shanghai Branch Zhu Tong
21st Century Business Herald
Director, China Operations
Liu Lei Deutsche Bank China
CEO, Savor Media Group
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 7:49 AM Page 22

Jerome A. Cohen: Five

University of California, Berkeley,
Law School. So, Jerry, why did you
give up this career to pursue a career

Decades of Chinese Law in Chinese law, when China had just
been through the Great Leap
forward and was six years away from
the Cultural Revolution?

Cohen: Well, my friends who were

charitable at that time, hearing what
I was going to do, said I must be
having a nervous breakdown. Why
would you throw away a promising
career on a country we couldn’t even
go to, and where relations with
America were so bad?
One day, the dean of UCLA Law
School, who was trying to recruit me
for its faculty, said to me, out of
nowhere, somebody ought to study
the law of Red China. And I said,
without a moment’s reflection, that’s
the zaniest idea I’ve ever heard.
Later, the dean asked me to find
somebody who could teach about
Pioneer Jerome A. Cohen, Professor, New York University School of Law Chinese law – an East German who
Photo: Joan Lebold Cohen studied law in Beijing, an economist
who knew Chinese and was willing
In celebration of the 80th birth- available on the National to go to law school, a Chinese who
day of Jerome A. Cohen, a pioneer in Committee’s web site. just finished law school. I tried all of
the field of Chinese and Asian legal the above, and failed miserably, and
studies in the United States, Orlins: Thirty-eight years ago finally someone said to me: “You
National Committee President Jerome Cohen entered my life. Like know, Confucius said, establish your-
Stephen Orlins – a friend, colleague a few students before me and self at thirty (san shi er li).” And I
and former student – moderated an hundreds after me, he changed my had just had my 30th birthday. I
evening of reflections, stories and life. Without Jerry, I and hundreds thought: you go with fate in life. If
insights with Professor Cohen in of others ranging from presidents to you’re going to give up law practice
New York on April 20. Professor judges, from academics to practition- at Covington and Burling and places
Cohen played an important role in ers, from business leaders to heads of like that, to go into academic life, do
the re-opening of U.S.-China rela- NGOs, would not be where we are something you can’t do as a lawyer.
tions, and was the founder and today. His students span the globe Be a pioneer. Do something totally
director of East Asian Legal Studies and carry with them the wisdom and irrational! So, that’s how it
at Harvard Law School from 1964 to values that he has passed on to them. happened.
1979. He is of counsel (retired part- For all of this we cannot thank you
ner) to the law firm of Paul, Weiss, enough. Orlins: Do you ever regret not
Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison and For 38 years I have wanted to being a Supreme Court justice?
was one of the earliest foreign turn the tables on my law professor
lawyers practicing law in the PRC. and be the questioner, so today is my Cohen: No. Although I loved the
Since 1990, Professor Cohen has chance. two years in the Supreme Court, I
been with New York University In 1960, you had the platinum was more interested in international
School of Law, where he is co-direc- experience in law. Editor of the Yale affairs. I went to high school during
tor of the U.S.-Asia Law Institute Law Journal, clerk to two storied World War II; I was going to save the
and teaches Chinese law. He is also Supreme Court justices – Felix world. We were UN kids in the late
an adjunct senior fellow for Asian Frankfurter and Chief Justice Earl ’40s, so being a Supreme Court
Studies at the Council on Foreign Warren – staff member of the U.S. justice seemed a bit tame if you were
Relations. Below are excerpts from Attorney’s office in Washington, going to save the world.
the program, the video of which is D.C. and a professor at the
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr2:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 3:21 PM Page 23

Orlins: You have met some of the the worst moments of the Cultural Deng cared about law, we learned
great figures in China of the 20th Revolution, of course… yet you’ve a year or two later, by recognizing its
Century including Zhou Enlai, Deng got thousands of Qing Dynasty relevance to China’s modernization.
Xiaoping and Chiang Kai-shek. volumes rotting in your basement. He not only called for economic
Since they were talking to America’s Somebody has got to organize and reform, but he saw the relevance of
leading expert on Chinese law, did really do something with them,” and law to that reform. 23
any of them exhibit a sense of the I suggested Chang Wei-jen, who had
importance of the rule of law to spent years studying Chinese law at Orlins: The spittoon and Ted

Taiwan and China’s future? Harvard. Now, if I had said “free- Kennedy wouldn’t qualify as your
dom,” I would have had a one way most difficult moment in China in
Cohen: Zhou Enlai was, of course, ticket back to the airport. But forty years. What would be your
the most charming of them. On instead, Chang Wei-jen got a most difficult moment?
June 16, 1972, I had a four-hour wonderful job in Academia Sinica,
meeting with Zhou Enlai. John and the next time I visited, I saw he Cohen: When we went to Beijing in
Fairbank was sitting on the other was running the restoration of these February 1979 to be hosted by the
side of him, and we teamed up and books and reprinting and writing Ministry of Finance, they gave us a
were trying to brainwash him into about them; it was fantastic, and very warm reception at the old
sending people to Harvard. Zhou he’d become a great historian. So, Peking airport. In immigration there
Enlai was a considerable figure. He Chiang Kai-shek did a lot for was a huge line of mostly Chinese
knew every guest’s background. He Chinese legal history even though people waiting. But they took us to
said: “I understand you’ve done that may have not been his intent. a special line where we wouldn’t
many books about Chinese law.” He Now, Deng Xiaoping really was have to wait and they ushered us
was obviously implying that I had not very aware that I was there through. And from the back of the
made more of Chinese law than because I was with Ted Kennedy. In main line a Chinese gentleman saw
China had. He was a clever guy. late 1977, it was obvious Deng the special treatment for foreigners
Chiang Kai-shek couldn’t have Xiaoping was making his comeback and he said: “Bu gongping! Tamen
cared less. That was 1968 and I had and everybody wanted to meet him. yinggai paidui!” (Unfair! They
just being asked by the American But he had two problems: one was ought to stand in line too!) I was
Council of Learned Societies and the that when we were there, he had the thrilled on the one hand and embar-
Social Science Research Council to flu and was feeling very bad. The rassed on the other hand: thrilled
join a three-person academic mission other problem was that Kennedy was because for 20 years or more we’d
to Taiwan; I was the law person. I the first of a hundred American sena- been separated from China; we
was denied a visa. They thought I tors who would want to meet him. didn’t know whether under the new
was going to see Peng Ming-ming, And Deng was worried: if you meet Communist revolution, were we
the recently released from prison one, you’ve got to meet them all. sharing common values? Especially
former law professor who was a Well, we put on a campaign, and it with respect to ideas like equal
Taidu, a Taiwan Independence, worked, and we had a wonderful one justice under law and equality. And
supporter. Fortunately, a student of hour and a half with him. The only here this fellow shouts out equal
mine at Harvard Law School was the trouble was, Deng was ill. And he treatment for foreigners and
son of an advisor to Chiang, and liked to chew tobacco. Since he was Chinese! I was happy, but I was also
through his influence they reversed weakened, he used a spittoon which embarrassed. Why me? Why did he
that decision. was between him and Ted Kennedy, have to pick me out?
I had been told by Americans and I was sitting right behind them. I can’t think of really difficult
who were diplomats in Taipei that We had all taken a group photograph experiences we had in China. We
President Chiang Kai-shek always with the eleven Kennedy kids, but I had some very up and down negotia-
asked visitors: how can we improve had not prepared the kids for meet- tions. We had some wonderfully
our society? So, when the president ing Deng Xiaoping except for a humorous events. You know, one of
asked me, how they could improve handshake and a photo. But he liked the questions we had during our 20
themselves, I had an enormous the kids so much he said that every- years of separation from China was
temptation to shout: “freedom!” body should stay for the talk. Well, whether communism had destroyed
But my practical side overwhelmed they were not prepared for Deng’s the traditional, wonderful Chinese
me, and I said, “You know, Mr. use of the spittoon, and when he sense of humor. But, lo and behold,
President, you’re always talking started to use it, I thought Patrick when we had the chance for contacts
about how Taiwan is the true repos- Kennedy, then thirteen years old, through negotiations, we discovered
itory of Confucian traditional would just break up audibly. I looked on the contrary: communism had
Chinese culture compared to the at him with dragon eyes, and fortu- provided that sense of humor with a
Mainland, which was going through nately, he behaved very well. lot of new material. I’ll never forget
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:48 PM Page 24

a negotiation in Guangzhou where office. Ma Ying-jeou, the president, 165,000 lawyers, roughly the same
we were going to build an office was my student. That’s an immense number of prosecutors. Every legal
apartment building complex, an $80 satisfaction, to see what people do. agency has a legal staff that has stud-
million investment, and the Chinese ied law; every factory of any
wanted us to take all the risk. And I Orlins: If you had to do it all over, significance, every economic unit,
24 thought that was unreasonable. I what would you do differently? legislatures of the cities and
said to the man across the table, “You provinces. You have, in other words,
want us to take all the risk!” And Cohen: You know, that reminds me an overlapping series of new legally

with a twinkle in his eyes he said: of the joke about the three women sensitive elites. Even in the police.
“Capitalists take risks; we’re social- who were comparing notes about If you think of rule of law with
ists!” whether they should have children if respect to bankruptcy or taxation, or
During the first 12 years I stud- they had to do it all over again. intellectual property, I’m not so sure
ied China, I couldn’t go there. It Finally they turned to one woman that the trend has been adverse in
was like studying the moon, or who had four children and asked, China. Maybe not huge progress in
studying Roman law. We were not “Would you have children again?” the last few years, but China has
allowed to go to the promised land. And she said, “Of course I would, but done pretty well, especially since
And if you wait 12 years and once not the same ones!” getting into the WTO. But when it
you have that opportunity, you never comes to the rights of people against
lose the zest for human contact that Orlins: Let’s move to the most the state, that’s the weakest link in
you’ve been denied so long. Steve recent past, to your work on human China’s progress. You need some-
and Owen (Nee) and I, we all rights in China. I think it’s fair to body in the leadership who sees the
worked in a room with 12 or 20 characterize your position these days relevance of the improvement of
people on the other side of the table, as saying in the Hu and Wen era we legal institutions to the country’s
and they’re more anxious than you have seen little progress on the rule peace, stability, and harmony.
are because here are big deal New of law. So my question is not really It’s not the rising bourgeoisie in
York lawyers or coming from Harvard about the last few years, but when China who are demanding law
Law professor and they have never we are all together celebrating your reforms, but it’s the people who are
done a joint venture before; they 90th birthday, what are you going to in the lower classes who haven’t
think we’re going to pull the wool say about the rule of law in China, as benefited from this fantastic
over their eyes, and you have to win we now see a growing middle class economic development. Never-
their confidence, you have to show and rhetoric that seems to be moving theless, they’re getting exposed
them you know something about in the direction of more rule of law, more to rights consciousness, even
their legal system, and they trust you of a more independent judiciary and induced by the leadership, who keep
and that was a challenge. If human more open media? Even though talking about constitutional amend-
contact matters to you, as it does to we’re not seeing progress right now, ments for human rights, property
most of us, it was extremely gratify- do you see the right trajectory? rights. The leadership is creating its
ing. own demand among the masses for
Cohen: Well, I’m an optimist. I love following rules, being less arbitrary.
Orlins: When you look back at this China, I love Chinese people and
extraordinary career, what would you have enormous confidence in them. Orlins: When did you first start
say was your greatest accomplish- When you compare the China of working with us, with the National
ment? 1978 with the China of today, you Committee?
see enormous progress. So how can
Cohen: My greatest accomplish- you not feel that the general trajec- Cohen: I was not among the illustri-
ment is the people I have invested tory of China is right? But it doesn’t ous founders. I came on a couple of
time in and those I have taught. And mean that there can’t be some seri- years later. It’s an amazing experi-
that’s the greatest satisfaction, to see ous bumps along the road in the next ence to sit here today with you
what those people have become, not ten years, and that relates to the because I used to be the only kid in
only in America but in other coun- legal system, I feel. the room.
tries. And of course, prominent There wasn’t legal education in
among the places where my students China when we first went there. Orlins: Finally from this extraordi-
have been active is Taiwan. I have And now you have over 625 law nary career, what lessons should we
an opportunity to influence opinion schools and law departments. You take home?
for better or for worse—Lu Xiulian have a huge number of people study-
or Annette Lu, was my student; she ing law; several hundred thousand Cohen: Study medicine! n
was vice-president for eight years, people take the bar exam every year.
the first woman to have such an There are 200,000 judges, about
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:48 PM Page 25

In Memoriam
and several others decided that a
national organization was needed to
meet the perceived demand for
unbiased information on U.S.-China
relations. He was part of a four
person (yes, there was a woman 25
involved) steering committee to
shepherd such an entity into exis-

tence and when the National
Committee on United States-China
Relations was founded on June 9,
Carl was elected treasurer of the new
organization. He continued in that
role until the fall of 1971 when he
became president, a task he took on
for a year to see the Committee
through the considerable fundraising
and management that was necessary
to prepare for and run the first visit
of a Chinese group to the United
States. After its completion, he
returned to Board membership and
served on and off as a director for a
total of 20 years, 11 as treasurer.
Carl’s strength was his manage-
ment skills, which he brought both
to his professional career and his pro
President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with the National Committee
bono efforts, tirelessly working to
Board in 1968; Director Carl Stover, third from right
make the world a more peaceful
place. The Committee was fortu-
By Jan Berris isolation was more likely to be harm- nate to have his talent and
ful than beneficial to U.S. interests dedication to steer us through our
The Board and staff of the and to world peace. formative years
National Committee were saddened Carl served on the program
by the passing of three long-time committee for a national conference
Board members who contributed at Georgetown University in April Robert McNamara (1916-2009)
greatly to our work over the past four 1965 that brought together an exten-
decades. While Carl Stover, Robert sive and wide range of expertise and After I had gotten to know him, I
McNamara and James Lilley were viewpoints about China and on the told Bob McNamara that being a
very different personalities, all three future of U.S.-China relations. The child of the ’60s, my first reaction to
shared the innate conviction that next month the House Foreign learning that he was going to join the
dialogue with China, even under Affairs Subcommittee on the Far National Committee Board was,
very trying circumstances, was East and the Pacific published a frankly, dismay. His response, typical
crucial, and that cutting off China report urging that “at an appropriate of his wry, self-deprecating humor:
from the west was not in America’s time” consideration be given “to the “You think you had a problem; my
best long-term interests. initiation of limited direct contact son was a devoted follower of H.
with Red China through cultural Bruce Franklin. Can you imagine
Carl Stover (1930-2010) exchange activities.” Seven years Christmas dinners??” (For those
later, the National Committee, then readers not of a certain age, Professor
Carl Stover’s death, on January 19, in its sixth year, would sponsor the Franklin was one of the most outspo-
was the most recent of the three, but visit of the Chinese ping pong team ken American academics opposed to
he was the first to become involved to the United States, the first such U.S. involvement in the Vietnam
with the Committee. In fact, Carl contact. War.) Over the years, my initial reac-
was among the handful of visionaries During those seven years, Carl tion against Bob changed into great
who in the mid-1960s began to urge was a key figure at the National admiration for him.
the rethinking of American policy Committee, beginning with a lunch- Given the positions he had held
toward China, concerned that its eon in January 1966 at which Carl (president of Ford Motor Company,
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr2:Newsletter May 2009 5/24/2010 3:21 PM Page 26

secretary of defense under President

Kennedy, president of the World
Bank among them), I assumed that
he was used to assistants taking care
of and doing things for him and
26 would thus need a lot of attention.
Au contraire: Bob was about the
most self-sufficient person who has

ever been on a National Committee

program – getting himself to and
from wherever he was supposed to
be (always on time, of course); carry-
ing his own bag (which actually
wasn’t very difficult as I never saw
him with anything larger than an
oversize briefcase – even on a trip of
two weeks!); and with his usual
mantra of “I’m fine, Jan. Don’t worry
about me.” And I never did.
Actually it was his Bob’s first
wife, Margaret, who was an early
member of the National Committee,
Robert McNamara during a National Committee Board dele-
joining in December 1973 after
gation trip to Xinjiang, October 1985
participating in the first American
women’s delegation to China along being one of the most eloquent and Bob’s contributions to the
with several National Committee thoughtful interlocutors in our on- Committee, however, transcended
members. Bob didn’t become a going dialogue, participating in six of particular activities and were
member until eight years later, but them and supporting them with reflected in the advice he gave
he immediately got involved, joining generous financial contributions. He repeatedly over his 24 years as a
the Board in 1981 and participating also pioneered the first segment of Board member, 20 of them as a vice
in the first Track II meeting what has turned into another of our chair. Long before the era of global-
between the United States and long-term Track II projects, leading ization he urged us to focus on
China – our 1984 Distinguished a delegation of four recently retired long-term, global issues and to keep
Citizens Dialogue. He was fiercely four-star military leaders to China the dialogue going – even in times of
committed to keeping lines of during a time when our two mili- crisis.
communication open and continued taries had no communication. Bob asked that there be no
funeral or memorial service for him.
To me, the most fitting memorial
came in what he wrote to his chil-
dren in 1999 after Margaret’s death:
“I leave this earth believing I have
been blessed with a wife, children,
and friends who have brought me
love and happiness beyond compare
– beyond anything I ever dreamed
possible. Heaven, for me, will be to
remain in their hearts and memories
as warm and close as we were in life.
I will hope, as well, to see others
continuing to pursue the objectives
which I have sought (very imper-
fectly at times): to move the world
toward peace among peoples and
nations, and to accelerate economic
and social progress for the least
Ambassador James Lilley at the National Committee program Once advantaged among us.”
Upon a Time in Beijing, December 2008

James Lilley (1928 – 2009) an oil painting of Suzhou Creek that Strategic Security Issues

had been given to his parents in the continued from page 19
Jim Lilley’s career spanned many 1930s by the artist; a stunning piece good meetings with think tanks and
years and many different jobs and of calligraphy representing the char- other organizations focused on
involved work in and on several acters for “freedom” that had been China. The new China Center at
different Asian countries, but his done for him by the South Korean CNA held an excellent roundtable
first love was always China, the land dissident leader and later president, briefing (led by director David
of his birth. He left there in 1940 at Kim Dae-jung; and a drawing by his Finkelstein and several of its
the age of 12, returning in 1973 as talented 16 year old sister of a very analysts) and then hosted a dinner at
the first “declared” U.S. intelligence handsome Jim at the age of 13. President George H.W. Bush’s
official in China. Almost 20 years While he was thinner and weaker, he favorite Chinese restaurant. At
later, in 1989, he returned to Beijing still projected his usual imposing Armitage International, the group
as the U.S. Ambassador, just weeks presence and keen intellect. I told talked with founder Rich Armitage,
before June 4. Under very difficult him that I was off to China and we former deputy secretary of state and
circumstances, he managed to make discussed a mutual friend whom we assistant secretary of defense, and
clear the American opposition to the had both lost touch with. I got back his colleagues Randy Schriver, former
Chinese government’s handling of to my office on November 12 and assistant secretary of state for East
the crisis, while ensuring that diplo- among the several messages that had Asia, and Dan Blumenthal, a
matic bridges were not burned. been left on my voice mail during my commissioner of the U.S.-China
Although he was only on the absence was one from Jim, very Security and Economic Review
National Committee board for two kindly giving me the contact infor- Commission (USCC). The delega-
years (1993-95), Jim was consis- mation for our friend. Jim died that tion also went to the USCC itself,
tently generous in his assistance to very day. n meeting with five other
the Committee over four decades, Commissioners, one of whom, Larry
whether as an assistant secretary at Woertzel, the former military attaché
both the state and defense depart- in Beijing, was connected via a phone
ments, as head of the American link.
Institute in Taiwan and the Five board members were part of
American Enterprise Institute’s the American team this year: Tom
China program, as a businessman, as Christensen, Tom Fingar, Carla Hills,
a research scholar or as the ambassa- Mike Lampton and Joe Prueher. We
dor to China. We knew that we also were very fortunate to have had
could always count on him to answer Arnie Kanter at the meeting. A long
questions, brief delegations, give time Committee Member, partici-
speeches, and serve on panels. As a pant in several of our programs and
Board member, we knew that he someone always ready to do what-
would always bring realism, experi- ever we asked of him: lead a
ence and candor to our deliberations. delegation to China, brief a group or
Jim’s characteristic tough- give a speech or be on a panel. Arnie
minded analysis, acerbic wit and had been battling leukemia for over
salty language always made him a a year but was in a period of remis-
great speaker. It certainly helped sion during the Dialogue and his
make our December 2008, New York contributions to the discussion were,
program celebrating 30 years of Sino- as usual, astute and farsighted. Even
American relations such a success. It when he totally disagreed with the
featured all five of our (still living) Chinese participants, Arnie did so in
former ambassadors to China. He a quiet, calm manner that under-
had planned on traveling with them scored the gravity of his comments.
to China to do a reprise of that Very sadly, Arnie died in April. n
program in Beijing in January 2009,
but a recurrence of his cancer
prevented that.
I went to see Jim just two weeks
before his death. It was the first
time I had been to his home and it
was wonderful to see him in his
library, surrounded by books on Asia;
May Newsletter Draft 5-12 No 2_gr1:Newsletter May 2009 5/21/2010 9:48 PM Page 28

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