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PEACE?

Approaches to peacebuilding
Contents
3
FOREWORDS 4

PREFACE 5

Introduction to Springboard Opportunities Limited and Global Peacebuilders 5

Catalogue vision and process 5

APPROACHES TO PEACEBUILDING 6

Africa 6

Asia 8

Australia and Pacific 16

Europe, featuring special section on Northern Ireland 18

Latin America 28

North America 32

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 36

INDEX 38

CONTINENT
Forewords Preface
Peacebuilding in Northern Ireland Introduction to Springboard
and Global Peacebuilders
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Our vision and process
Foreword by Margaret Ritchie MLA Springboard is committed within a spirit of
Minister for Social Development partnership, to building the capacity of
for Northern Ireland disadvantaged people and their communities and We wanted to create a publication that might offer
contributing to a society that is at ease with itself peacebuilders working in areas of conflict across
I welcome the publication of Springboard's and its diversity. the world an opportunity to learn and inform their
Peacebuilding Approaches Catalogue as the latest own work, building up their international networks
initiative in its Global Peacebuilders project. This Global Peacebuilders is managed by Springboard, a along the way.
document highlights practice in both a local and Foreword by Jackie Redpath non-profit organisation with charitable status
international dimension and will provide a valuable Chair of Springboard Opportunities Limited operating in Belfast since 1992. During the last 15+ This catalogue is not an all-encompassing listing of
resource for those involved in conflict resolution. years, Springboard has offered integrated programmes the 'key' international peacebuilding approaches or an
This publication brings together eighteen examples of promoting mutual understanding and enhancing exhaustive evaluation of the 'best' of peacebuilding
My Department has a key role in supporting and peacebuilding efforts from across the globe. The capacity. Springboard's work is rooted in building practice from across the world. It is a brief glimpse of
developing the work of the voluntary and community experiences are diverse but they also contain many understanding across divides and encouraging cross- the peacebuilding activity currently taking place, and
sector in Northern Ireland. Much of this work focuses common lessons. community opportunities, and it is out of this desire offers an insight into just some of the many
on creating and building genuine and sustainable to contribute to social change and a society at ease important approaches to peacebuilding currently
community relations and I respect and acknowledge One commonality is that there are no quick fixes, to with itself that Global Peacebuilders has grown. being implemented locally and worldwide, at a
the Sector's role in meeting this challenge, often in quote W.B. Yeats, 'peace comes dropping slow'. grassroots, community, national or international level.
very difficult circumstances. Furthermore, real peace is not simply the absence of As we move away from decades of violence towards
conflict, it is about rebuilding society. While building together the institutions, structures and With the approaches published here, we aim to
I will continue to ensure that all of the Department's politicians and political solutions are critical, opportunities necessary for sustainable peace and the highlight some of the challenges, difficulties and
funding programmes reflect the principles of a Shared sustainable peacebuilding must also effectively maintenance of stable and peaceful communities, the strategies that have gone into the design and delivery
Future. These programmes focus on developing good engage all levels of society. practice and experience of peacebuilding in Northern of peacebuilding practice across the world, with a
relations through increasing community capacity; Ireland has never been more significant. Within this particular look at peacebuilding in Northern Ireland.
promoting shared space; positive engagement In the grandiose, headline-grabbing solutions we context, Global Peacebuilders shines a spotlight on Above all, it is our hope that this catalogue would not
between communities regardless of culture, must always recognise the small steps taken by community-level activities contributing to sustainable only inform, but also offer a unique glimpse into
race, religion or sexual orientation and building ordinary people who show their greatness and peace, by creating opportunities for individuals and some of the innovative strategies currently being
social capital. courage not 'by being at one extremity but rather by peacebuilding groups to strengthen relationships and employed for peace.
touching both at once.' share practice.
Building meaningful capacity and developing
community infrastructure remains an essential By accessing the Globalpeacebuilders.org online How to use the catalogue
element of our work in disadvantaged communities. database, groups draw attention to their work and Each of the approaches to peacebuilding have been
The positive examples in this publication reflect the access new partnerships in Arabic, English, French, categorised by continent as well as cross-referenced
real need for this work and I would commend Portuguese and Spanish-speaking regions by creating according to their area of focus within peacebuilding
Springboard for bringing these to the attention of a a profile of their work for peace. Above all, the project and which group of beneficiaries they target. At the
global audience. is about creating new opportunities for peacebuilders back of the catalogue you will find an at-a-glance
across the world to enhance their networks and index of these areas of focus and target groups, with
exchange practice, and this catalogue represents one page numbers illustrating their corresponding
such opportunity to share, network and learn. peacebuilding approaches. It is our hope that this
selection will offer readers new opportunities, new
To learn more about Springboard, visit insights and, above all, new perspectives on their own
www.springboard-opps.org approaches to peacebuilding.
To view the Global Peacebuilders database of
peacebuilding organisations, visit

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www.globalpeacebuilders.org
Specifically, the Peace Embassy programmes include
a youth peacebuilders network, where participants
lead their peers in exploring the fundamental ideas,
worldviews and actions which characterise a
civilisation of peace. The network creates a

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substantive dialogue about violence prevention and
peacebuilding among youth in participating
communities in DRC, and formulates creative
modes of action which support violence prevention
and peacebuilding activities for youth in the same
communities. It also places youth at the forefront
of teaching and engaging other youth in conflict
transformation, violence prevention and
peacebuilding.

CEDH also focuses on leadership training for peace,


through the training of peace artisans, and in
particular, youth members of civil society and
community representatives. CEDH's Chambers for
Peace, meanwhile, are a permanent structure for
conflict resolution established in different villages
where youth have been trained as peacebuilders.
The Chambers hold seminars, workshops and
conferences on positive conflict management for
the surrounding community, and manage the peace
public library where people can access materials on
peace, good governance, democracy and human
rights. Such a permanent structure means CEDH's
CRY's vision is of a peaceful and non-violent The programme contributes to peacebuilding CEDH fights social injustice and defends human programmes can be close to the community.
culture, and aims to promote peaceful conflict through: rights through activities promoting and
transformation through youth by working Advocacy: An advocacy strategy to voice the defending women and assistance to victims of Some of the main challenges relate to a lack of
towards building an environment that is suitable issues affecting youth and to mobilise them to human rights violations. CEDH also fosters cooperation among local leaders due to conflict over
for sustainable development. be involved in the strategy tolerance and promotes peace for social change power and ownership and denial of ethnic
Empowerment: At least two community-based and non-violent justice, and empowers diversities. To overcome these, CEDH regularly holds
Specifically, CRY works to: monitoring and evaluation meetings to discuss community members to support mutual open and direct dialogue with local leaders and
Conflict Resolution by Youth Build the capacity of youth in Uganda to and document decisions understanding and peaceful coexistence. communities in conflict, explaining the peace needs
(CRY), Uganda improve their livelihood Institutional Development: Attain QUAM of the community and consequences of conflict and
Build the capacity of youth to manage conflicts standards for NGO certification Peace Embassy integrating all parties in conflict into education
Agula Joseph Ogoror Centre for Education and CEDH's Peace Embassy programmes develop a sessions and involves them in the leadership of the
peacefully
Defense of Human Rights culture of peace and effective leadership delivered Peace Embassy programmes.
Advocate for the issues affecting young people The Project utilises 'Peace Theatre' to respect
Plot 1005 Block 14 (CEDH), Democratic Republic of within the framework of a peace-based worldview.
indigenous cultural values while at the same time
Najjankumbi Congo (DRC) CEDH envisages conflict as leading to change; This has led to a greater understanding of the
Youth to Youth Conflict Transformation Project providing youth-friendly tools and methods for
PO Box 11612 The Project in Karamoja, Lango and Teso (KaLaTe community-level peacebuilding and human rights although conflict is not often viewed as a source of importance and place of conflict in the community;
Kampala Ndale Ekombe W'Assumani dynamism and transformational tool, CEDH works the community becomes engaged in conflict
Region) is primarily about mobilising, organising promotion. Indeed, the main aim of the Project is to
Uganda and engaging youth in peacebuilding. On a general creatively revitalise and strengthen the fabric of the to help people to understand that 'difference' and resolution and disseminates information on peace,
E directioncedh@yahoo.fr how tensions are part of societies, and could be a and in time no longer supports the idea of war as
level, exchange has been facilitated among youth in Ugandan youth and community, with an emphasis
T +256 (0) 414 266 817 conflict areas, as well as the formation and on the broad range of cultural diversity. This in turn factor for change. the only solution for those in opposition.
E office@cryuganda.org strengthening of youth groups in conflict areas. lays a solid foundation for engagement of the
W www.cryuganda.org Young people have then been able to reach out to population in the promotion and defence of human CEDH contributes to peacebuilding through: CEDH views violence as taking place in the context
communities engaging them in peacebuilding rights, peacebuilding, arts and peaceful coexistence. Promoting active participation of civil society as of our own worldviews of our view of reality,
activities. well as local government leaders in promotion of human nature, purpose of life, culture and the
Theatre is an important medium for education, peacebuilding activities, prevention of violence, nature of human relationships. Unless the majority
Specifically, the Project utilises theatre, debates, information, entertainment and development, and peaceful resolution of conflicts of a population in a given community can adopt
music and conflict resolution training and carries highlighting societal needs and providing voices for Involvement of community leaders in all and adhere to a peace-based vision on how to
out a range of activities aimed at building capacity the voiceless, and also encourages young people to programmes move forward to tackle violence, all other remedies
and engaging youth in peacebuilding, including: identify with it easily. Increasing trust and integration between leaders against violence become fundamentally ineffective.

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human rights education; youth centres; and their communities If there is ignorance about the positive principles of
competitions; cultural festivals ; creating and In essence, the Project, and its focus on Peace Building capacity and developing skills that will conflict management, it can appear that conflict is
strengthening smaller groups e.g village banks in Theatre, provide 'food for the soul' for traumatised facilitate and form the future leadership within always negative in nature. CEDH works to create a
Karamoja; youth cafes; peace clubs; research on internally displaced persons as well as host families, the region culture of peace accompanied by a culture of
issues affecting youth; mobilising youth to identify and this aspect is essential to enrich and empower Encouraging transparency in leadership healing, while at the same time, building the
and agree on issues affecting them and to carry out communities to address the needs for youth to Involving youth in activities that are conducive capacity of communities to manage conflicts and
advocacy campaigns. learn, work and improve lives. to peacebuilding and rejection of violence transform them into something positive.

AFRICA AFRICA
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BUSTAN is an Israeli NGO working in the Bedouin Children's Power Project consciously resists this dichotomy. By building trust easily relate to the struggle of a parent to provide
and Jewish communities in the Negev region of The Project addresses the needs of ill children through shared experience, common goals and for their sick child. Thus a window is opened for a
Israel. Through analysis, education and action, lacking access to electricity by providing renewable projects, ongoing personal relationships and sharing wider discussion regarding the root causes that
BUSTAN works for fair resource allocation and energy powered equipment to those in need, and resources, a vision can be built together without produce this situation, encouraging public
environmental and social justice. draws attention to the unequal provision of services one group imposing their own vision on the other. awareness and discussion of these issues.
and their health impacts in unrecognised Bedouin
BUSTAN's strategic objectives are: villages, and utilises volunteers to install and The Project contributes to peace by counteracting BUSTAN operates in the nexus of social and
BUSTAN, Israel
To model the potential of transformative maintain the energy powered equipment for the prevailing myths about Jews and Bedouins in environmental justice, and its model of building
approaches to resolving the communities in need. Israel, by showing through example the potential collaboration and cooperation between two peoples
Rebecca Vilkomerson
ethnic/ecological/political conflicts in the region achievements of working together. Concrete in one nation can be transferred to other contexts
by creating joint Jewish/Bedouin collaborations The Project began because a three year old child of solutions to acute problems facing the affected where there is a national minority. Many
P.O. Box 6955
that build towards a peaceful, just future a family that has worked with BUSTAN for a long communities are offered and throughout, the kind organisations pursue political solutions for issues
Jerusalem
To build a community of like-minded Jews, time contracted cancer. She needed refrigerated of ideal society to exist in Israel is modelled, where facing Bedouin communities, while BUSTAN focuses
Israel 91060
Bedouins and internationals who work together medicine, but since she lives in an 'unrecognised' everyone has equal rights, lives in a healthy, its work towards a clean and sustainable
towards environmental and social justice village not acknowledged by the Israeli government, sustainable environment, and all cultures are environment in the Negev. Envisaging the situation
T +972 523 711 800
and therefore without electric power, water, roads, honoured and respected. holistically (how social and environmental factors
E rebecca@bustan.org
Some of BUSTAN's accomplishments include: sewage, health or education services, her interact with and influence each other, how
W www.bustan.org
Mobilising several hundred Jewish and Arab medication could not be refrigerated. BUSTAN was One of the main challenges is how to ensure it does environmental justice is part of social justice and
volunteers to build an innovative medical clinic able to provide her with a solar power refrigerator, not become merely a humanitarian campaign that vice versa), BUSTAN prioritises concrete solutions
constructed entirely of renewable materials in and when her cancer went into remission, the helps a few, but that it also achieves the wider and engages residents of all ethnic communities in
the village of Wadi Na'am, located next to Ramat equipment was passed to a new family who had a objective of drawing public attention to the developing and promoting these solutions together.
Hovav, Israel's largest toxic waste dump child who needed an oxygen machine. Thus the unequal conditions and lack of basic services in the In a region marked by conflict and mistrust, the
In partnership with Rabbis for Human Rights and Children's Power Project was born. Negev. The general public is quite resistant to very act of working together across communities
Physicians for Human Rights BUSTAN brought a hearing about the conditions in which the Bedouin for common goals builds the potential for peace.
school and health clinic for the Bedouin Jahalin BUSTAN's approach to peacebuilding is to build live, so the strategy of focusing on ill children
tribe that had been forcibly re-located above concrete collaborations between peoples. In Israel overcomes these mental barriers, as people can
Jerusalem's regional waste dump there is a prevailing sense of 'us.vs. them' between
the Jewish and Bedouin residents and BUSTAN

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ASIA ASIA
National Peace Council (NPC) works to create
more favourable attitudes and behaviour among
target groups towards a non-violent conflict
resolution for a just and sustainable peace in
Sri Lanka.
Capacity building of intermediary change agents,
by building the awareness of intermediary actors,
providing capacity-building services (e.g. training
of trainers, education on mass communication
etc.) in order to empower direct target groups to
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spread the message of non-violent conflict
NPC's mission is to focus its efforts on creating resolution more effectively. For example, the
pro-peace attitudes and behaviour across a range of People's Forum, Gender Unit and Mobilisation
'change agents' (direct target groups), impacting the Unit have been developed for grassroots-level
attitudes of leading players and the population communities to build self-sustaining and
at large. autonomous networks

Key objectives and delivery mechanisms: A primary difficulty in the delivery of these has
National Peace Council (NPC), Improve awareness of mass audiences, through been reversibility - despite training, educational and
Sri Lanka peace messages to media channels, well-focused interface events for over ten years, NPC's reach is
publications, immediate response in cases of directly linked to the work of local leadership. It has
Jehan Perera democratic rights violations/peace-related issues, also been challenging to measure success - how to
and maintenance of strong ties with media measure attitudinal change, and evidence the work
National Peace Council personnel of NPC as the driver of this change. To solve the
of Sri Lanka Initiate work with new intermediary target first problem, NPC focused directly on developing
12/14 Purana Vihara Road groups, through corporate leaders, student grassroots networks, creating and empowering
Colombo 6 bodies and academic staff, trade unions and community committees and organisations that
Sri Lanka senior government would sustain themselves, drawing wider audiences,
Improve insight in short-term results and long- and enabling community leaders themselves to take
T +94 11 2818344 term impact, through targeted, diversified, on leadership roles.
E jehanpc@sltnet.lk interactive and tailored peace education and
W www.peace-srilanka.org awareness building to individual partner To tackle the problem of how to measure efforts,
organisations/leaders at community level, NPC did two things. One, NPC joined with the
building, enabling and sustaining peace networks Marga Institute - which keeps records and conducts
and alliances at community level, strengthening statistical studies on the conflict - to administer a
international staff capacity to enhance quality of survey across the island on peace attitudes.
community-level work of NPC Knowing popular views on the conflict and
Enhance quality of community-level NPC efforts, devolution gives the first dimension of areas that
through a performance monitoring system to need to be targeted. Having a follow-up survey will
measure immediate results of NPC intervention, help identify progress towards the attitudinal
and a performance system to monitor attitudinal change. The second thing NPC did was contract a
change among target groups consultant to assist in the formation of the next
strategic plan, to identify a number of indicators of
NPC concentrates on: success, including number of articles presented to
Provision of reliable non-partisan information, by magazines for publication, number of media
collecting up-to-date, reliable, relevant and campaigns implemented, number of programmes
objective data concerning the conflict, and initiated by partner organisations and number of
packaging it in such a way (press releases, people actively participating in peace events
bulletins, etc.) that it can be disseminated organised by the networks, among others.
effectively and efficiently for other important
players in the peace process (particularly In essence, NPC's approach depends on the success
journalists and the international community) of its networks, the first point of interface in some
Advocacy and awareness building, by developing communities. NPC places an emphasis on its
effective and user-friendly peace education grassroots networks and local staff composition,
materials (brochures, posters, research papers, and views as an important asset the mix of English,

10
etc.) and disseminating these materials to target Tamil and Singhalese-speaking staff, in order to
groups. This includes identifying the most enable community leaders to plan and fund
appropriate delivery mechanisms for each activities and campaigns.
specific target group

ASIA ASIA
13

PCI was founded to promote and contribute to a sessions of 2 hours, emphasising individual and
life of peace and equality between Arab and cultural identity. A 3-day team-building seminar
Jewish citizens in Israel, by focusing on youth is provided after the first bilateral meeting. 15
from the two peoples and using theatre as the more weekly meetings of 2 hours each take
chief vehicle. place before the group sets out on a second
overnight outing for the purpose of choosing the
Du-Drama concept for an original play. A 6-week period is
Peace Child Israel (PCI), Israel PCI has grown from group of 20 children in Jaffa in set aside for writing and rehearsing. A
1988 to a nationwide operation. Over 5,000 Arab nationwide fieldtrip, which convenes all the
Melisse Lewine-Boskovich and Jewish teenagers have gone through the existing groups takes place at midway at one of
programme since its inception, with some returning the major theatres in Israel
P.O. Box 3669 as facilitators. It is the only organisation using the Cooperation in Creative Process - The Play: The
Tel Aviv 61036 hybrid methodology of theatre as a tool for group original bi-lingual play that is developed by each
Israel facilitation in the formal education framework that PCI group, is derived from the experiences While there are signs that, when put together in a
includes partnerships between neighbouring Arab accumulated during the 8 months of meetings. It 'sterile' environment, Arab and Jewish teenagers
T (972-3) 730-0481 and Jewish schools. Its programme is recognised is performed for the entire class of students one would find common ground as a matter of course,
E pci@netvision.net.il under the auspices of the Ministry of Education's year younger than the workshop participants it is clear that they have inherited unresolved
W www.mideastweb.org/ 10th grade “Community Service Project”. from both participating schools or community historical grievances and distortions of perspective
peacechild centres in a noon-time dress-rehearsal. An and they are encouraged to 'remember'. The repair
PCI's Du Drama programme comprises: evening 'gala' performance for family, friends and work of honouring the other's roots is the first
20 Weekly Meetings: PCI partners with the community at large is addressed by challenge of dialogue, while forgiveness is the next.
neighbouring Arab and Jewish schools. Groups representatives of the pairing municipalities and
are comprised of 20-30 Arab and Jewish regional councils and by the school principals. An This is overcome through a great investment in
teenagers from the 9th and 10th grades. Each after-show celebration, in which authentic foods staff to be able to faciliate and contain the painful
group is co-facilitated by two professionals, Arab are brought by the families, takes place to salute moments between teens who learn to care about
and Jew, one with a background in theatre and the teenagers in their efforts. In a second year of each other but who, nevertheless, have moments of
the other in group facilitation and social work. activity, 'Leadership Troupes' continue their deep anger. In the context of long-term conflict and
School liaisons are identified by each school to activity by performing their plays for student unresolved political decisions, surmounting these

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act as an interface between the programme, the audiences once-a-month. two basic challenges is often experienced as nearly
school and the parents. Preparation for the impossible, and it is this challenge that the Du-
multicultural encounter is facilitated by four Drama approach works to address.

ASIA ASIA
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WISCOMP is an initiative of the Foundation for Women Building Constituencies of Peace: Jammu
Universal Responsibility of HH The Dalai Lama, and Kashmir (The Athwaas initiative)
New Delhi, and provides a space for research, Athwaas (a Kashmiri word that invokes the idea of a
Women in Security, Conflict training, networking and advocacy on issues at 'handshake') comprises a group of Muslim, Hindu
Management and Peace the interface of gender, security and and Sikh women who work to expand
(WISCOMP), Foundation for peacebuilding. constituencies of peace through active listening,
Universal Responsibility of His trauma counselling, conflict transformation
Holiness The Dalai Lama, India WISCOMP strives to: workshops, articulation of the concerns of women
Enhance the role of women as peacebuilders and to policy makers and government interlocutors, and
Meenakshi Gopinath agents for social change initiation of programmes that facilitate democratic
Empower a new generation of women and men participation and a just peace. Setting up of Samanbal centres (a Kashmiri word In essence, the Athwaas approach brings together
Foundation for Universal with the expertise and skills to engage in peace that represents coming together) as spaces for people across myriad fault lines - women and men
Responsibility activism Specifically, the Athwaas approach to peacebuilding healing, reconciliation; plan collective action in across the 3 regions, different religious
Core 4A Contribute to an inclusive, people-oriented combines a variety of strands: key districts of the Kashmir valley as well as a backgrounds, across class divisions, from different
Upper Ground Floor discourse on issues of security, which respects Changing relationships and building new ones migrant camp in Jammu, home to a minority professional backgrounds and diverse political
India Habitat Centre diversity and which foregrounds the perspectives through trauma healing work, sustained dialogue population displaced due to the conflict convictions to dialogue on how to proceed towards
Lodi Road of women and the marginalised and reconciliation workshops peaceful coexistence. They come to a realisation
New Delhi - 110003 Facilitate theory-building and innovative Capacity building and empowerment Some of the key challenges for Athwaas have been: that it is possible to work with differences - not just
India research to address the resolution and programmes, including training and skill To break the silence of women of Jammu and identity differences but also political differences if
transformation of intra- and inter-state conflicts enhancement on issues relating to livelihood, Kashmir on issues related to the conflict and the there is a common understanding around
T +91-11-24648450 Build constituencies of peace through training participatory rural appraisal, workshops on road ahead fundamental areas. There is also a significant
E meenug11@gmail.com and research justice and legal rights, working with students To respect ethnic, religious even political personal transformation of the Athwaas members
W www.wiscomp.org and teachers differences among members of the core Athwaas as a result of their collective journey, and the link
The work of WISCOMP is informed by the United Peace research team and identify and work on commonalities between personal and social transformation.
Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, which To reach out to members of the 'other'
recognises that civilians - particularly women and Athwaas is delivered through: community and understand that the pain of one
children - are the worst affected by conflict, and A series of workshops to enhance skills in trauma community does not cancel the pain of the other
that this is a threat to peace and security. The counselling for health workers and teachers and and that all had suffered though in different

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Resolution calls for their participation in conflict economic empowerment for women displaced ways
prevention and resolution initiatives and integration by the conflict To move from a feeling of victimhood to
of gender perspectives into peacebuilding. Retreats and reflective workshops to introspect charting agentive moments in their lives even in
and strategise the road ahead the midst of the violence

ASIA ASIA
17

The Peace Foundation is committed to promoting mediator or a teacher for help. If both parties are Every Cool School is encouraged to receive an What makes the programme stand out, and the key
harmonious relationships through education and willing a mediation session takes place with annual 'Revisit' from their regional Cool Schools factor in its success is that is a 'whole school'
research, and aims to promote a climate of peace students agreeing to not interrupt, tell the truth, trainer, to provide additional support and training programme that begins in the schools with teachers
in New Zealand, together with a public suggest a resolution etc. 90% of the time to the staff and mediators to ensure effective and students, and then engages with
understanding and awareness of the mutual agreement is reached and a contract signed. implementation of the programme. parents/caregivers and the wider community so
interdependence of all countries and people. that it has a powerful and widespread 'ripple' effect.
Once the programme is implemented in the school Coordinators from the region together with the
Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme the parents and wider community are invited into Cool Schools National Manager and the Cool The Programme is cross-culturally effective, and has
The Peace Foundation, The Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme is a the schools to take part in the 'Bring Cool Schools Schools Regional Trainer meet to discuss and share been introduced to ethnically diverse schools in
Aotearoa-New Zealand 'whole school' programme which teaches primary, Home' programme. This programme involves the innovations, successes, needs, challenges, new New Zealand and also in full immersion Maori
intermediate and secondary school students the student mediators modelling the mediation skills to resources, programme developments, etc. schools where only Maori language is used. The
29 Princes Street skills and processes to resolve conflict effectively their parents/caregivers who are then also taught Coordinators leave these meetings recharged and programme is currently being introduced in Fiji
PO Box 4110 and peacefully. This approach means that the whole mediation and conflict resolution skills to resolve feeling enthusiastic about how they can implement where schools are using the programme to suit
Auckland 1140 school community has to develop the skills of conflict at home and also in the community. the programme more successfully in their school. their cultural customs and native language(s).
Aotearoa/New Zealand mediation and conflict resolution in order to
change the school culture positively and effectively. Key Objectives: The Programme contributes to peacebuilding by Essentially, the central philosophy of the
T +64 9 373-2379 Help individuals develop life-long mediation and teaching students, teachers, parents/caregivers and Programme - to empower young people to resolve
E coolschools@ The initial training begins with training all the staff conflict management skills the wider community the skills and processes of conflict effectively and peacefully and to share this
peacefoundation.org.nz and this includes not just the teaching staff but Focus on building positive relationships with mediation and conflict resolution. expertise outwards - is one which can be integrated
W www.peacefoundation.org.nz also the support staff like the receptionist, others into any culture.
caretaker, bus driver etc. Create win/win situations for students, teachers, Since 1991 over two-thirds of all the primary,
parents, caregivers and the wider community intermediate and secondary schools in New
The teachers then train their students in a seven Provide life skills for school, home and the Zealand have requested training.
part training course which covers relevant mediator workplace
skills e.g. active listening and communication. Empower students to help other students
Students are then invited to apply to be mediators Be proactive, helping to prevent bullying and
and once selected, are rostered to work in the other levels of conflict
playground and sometimes in the classroom as Provide a better learning environment where

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well. The mediators are identified by a special schools are safe and violence-free
uniform, and children caught up in conflicts, Encourage students to develop the value of
including bullying, have the option of approaching a service leadership

AUSTRALIA AND PACIFIC AUSTRALIA AND PACIFIC


It is meant to be an action-oriented forum, driven
by its stakeholders, serving the needs they
determine, and working to showcase their policy,
problems and successes. It takes as its model the

19
Geneva Forum, a similar structure that addresses
the needs of the specialised disarmament
community for which Geneva is well known.
The Independent Media Support contributes to
peacebuilding by: Key objectives:
Strengthening financially independent media Draw from the expertise and relevance of
outlets, training centres and media institutions International Geneva and explore contributions
that are trained in high-quality journalism Geneva can make to the Peacebuilding
Contributing to free accessibility of unbiased, Commission and Peacebuilding Support Office
balanced information, essential in countering and other peacebuilding agencies
propaganda Support the specific work of the Commission and
Enabling the free exchange of views and the Support Office, and link initiatives, capacity
discussion on equal terms between various and expertise between New York, Geneva and
communities in order to prevent them from countries emerging from conflict
using violence when trying to make themselves Complement field efforts of these agencies
heard through coordination and implementation of
Enabling more open coverage of sensitive consolidation strategies, by bringing together
political issues, which in turn strengthens the concepts and actors to discuss the issues faced
transition towards a liberal democratic system
that is supportive of peace at home and abroad Delivery mechanisms to achieve these aims include:
Issuing publications dedicated to practice-based
Press Now's challenges relate to: aspects of peacebuilding within International
The danger of producing/continuing donor Geneva organisations, catering to needs of all
Press Now offers media training to media dependency. Sometimes organisations are more The GCSP is an international foundation stakeholders and advancing the peacebuilding
workers in regions experiencing conflict, and focused on pleasing donors than the potential established in 1995 under Swiss law to promote debate at large
promotes the development of open and audience/members in their own country. the building and maintenance of peace, security Country-specific research and events, bringing
democratic societies by supporting independent Solution: communicating maximum of 5 years' and stability. academic, policy and operational perspectives on
media in regions of conflict and countries in financial support very clearly to our partner existing, new or potential focus countries of the
transition from conflict, including the Balkans, organisations, and at the same time providing Geneva Peacebuilding Platform Peacebuilding Commission
Central Asia, Caucasus and Africa. them with tools to address their potential Geneva Centre for Security The Platform is a joint initiative between the GCSP, Ongoing mapping of global peacebuilding
audience effectively Policy (GCSP), Switzerland the Quaker United Nations Office and the capacity and expertise
Specifically, Press Now promotes the development The danger of intercultural communication Programme for Strategic and International Security Promoting Geneva-based expertise and advisory
Press Now, Netherlands of a varied and sustainable media landscape in difficulties during project development and Raj Rana Studies at the Graduate Institute of International services, mainstreaming peacebuilding into
regions of conflict and transitional countries. Press project implementation. Solution: employing Studies (HEI), Geneva. operational thinking and practice of Geneva-
Wilco de Jonge Now's mission is to enable independent media coordinators from the targeted region itself, and 7 bis, Avenue de la Paix based organisations, and supporting the
outlets to function as well-managed businesses, having local trainers work alongside the Press P.O. Box 1295 Following the establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission and Peacebuilding
Linnaeusstraat 35-F whose editorial independence is secured, so that Now international trainers 1211 Geneva 1 UN Peacebuilding Commission, a clear mandate for Support Office/countries under consideration
1093 EE Amsterdam citizens are provided with reliable and objective Switzerland Geneva in relation to the Commission needed to be Public discussions promoting awareness of
Postbank 7676 information from multiple news sources. Press The Independent Media Support trains financially established. With a wealth of organisations, peacebuilding, as well as efforts to bridge the
The Netherlands Now's aim is to increase their independence, independent media outlets, training centres and T +41 22 906 1600 research resources, and field experience based New York-Geneva peacebuilding gap
quality, effectiveness, professionalism and self- media institutions in high-quality journalism, in E r.rana@gcsp.ch around the city, 'International Geneva' can become
T +31 20 568 20 20 sustainability. turn, contributing to free accessibility of unbiased, W www.gcsp.ch/peacebuilding an important partner for the Peacebuilding One of the greatest concerns while the Platform is
E dejonge@pressnow.nl balanced information. The focus is placed firmly on Commission, and can offer a significant being implemented in Geneva is the low level of
W www.pressnow.nl Independent Media Support promoting financial sustainability, and matching contribution to its peacebuilding mandate. awareness of peacebuilding, even among UN
Key objectives of the Independent Media Support: high-quality experts with first-hand experience in organisations. In response, the Platform involves
Help independent media organisations (such as development and management of high-quality International Geneva has significant expertise in conducting outreach and awareness raising, and will
radio, TV, internet and print outlets; journalistic media organisations to demand in target countries. niche sectors of peacebuilding, yet networking also focus on developing teaching tools to support
broadcasting companies; press agencies and between organisations with activities in the mainstreaming of peacebuilding thinking into
journalists' associations) to become financially If the development of a diverse and democratic peacebuilding was underdeveloped, thus the policy and practice of operational agencies,
sustainable contributors to human rights values media is a prerequisite for the development of diminishing the overall effectiveness of Geneva for with a particular focus on developing the capacity
and democracy in their countries by providing democracy and civil society, then so often, conflicts the international community and countries in crisis. of key decision-makers.
expert training are fuelled by the manipulation of information. A

18
Improve journalistic quality strong and open civil society can develop when The Peacebuilding Platform aims to provide Rather than an academic endeavour, or another
Improve interaction with their supported by a pluralistic, independent media that practical understanding of peacebuilding issues, space for dialogue, the Platform is above all about
audience/members/beneficiaries voices different opinions, reflects multiple views, without the inherent constraints of the UN system providing practical understanding of peacebuilding
Improve the audience/number of members stimulates public debate, acts as a watchdog on and with the ability to break down institutional issues for its stakeholders, and is driven fully by
Improve advertisement revenue and/or sales society, and holds authorities to account. It is this barriers by working from 'outside the system'. their needs.
and/or beneficiaries' financial contributions need that Press Now works to meet.

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21
War Child Holland is an independent international WCH-SL partners with existing structures actively
NGO investing in a peaceful future for children involved in all stages of the programme, from the
affected by armed conflict, and has programmes assessment and design, to the implementation and
throughout Europe, Asia and Africa, applying the evaluation of activities. In each community a
power of creative arts and sports to reinforce the structure is put into place for the coordination and
psychological and social development and welfare monitoring of project activities. This ensures the
of children in (former) war zones, and raising project is tailor-made, and guarantees a level of
public awareness of their situation. ownership and support for the programme. This
element is instrumental to its sustainability after
Community-based Psychosocial Programme WCH-SL phases out of target communities after a
War Child Holland Sierra Leone (CBPS) two-year cycle, when the existing community
Sierra Leone (WCH-SL), The war in Sierra Leone broke down the social fabric platforms take over complete responsibility.
Netherlands and in communities, resulting in negative interactions
Sierra Leone between community members, and in particular One of the key factors for successful delivery is true
between parents and children. Rebuilding peaceful commitment from community members to the
Brechtje Kalksma - van Lith communities of support and peaceful engagement essence of the programme. As a result, one of the
is one of the major post-war challenges. major challenges is to ensure and maintain a high
Postbus 10018 level of motivation and commitment towards the
1001 AE Amsterdam Key objectives: overall programme. The programme depends on the
The Netherlands Foster sustainable community structures to initiatives and efforts of the community. To meet
involve children and youth through community this challenge, an assessment is conducted when
20B Thailand Drive action entering a community, raising awareness of child-
Barbadorie (Lumley) Raise awareness of child rights and psychological rights and peacebuilding. During this process, the
Freetown and social development through implementation motivation and commitment of key stakeholders
of a tailor-made community action plan and (chiefs, community leaders, etc.) towards the
T +31 020 422 77 77 bottom-up and participatory approach involving proposed involvement of WCH-SL can be both
(Netherlands) local people in exploring local solutions gauged and fostered, through a process of
E brechtje.kalksma@warchild.nl Contribute to community cohesion through engagement.
W www.warchild.org/projects/ participative support activities and
WC_Holland/Sierra_Leone/ encouragement of cultural events not practised Another challenge is the point at which WCH-SL
sierra_leone since the conflict; community meetings to phases out of communities. In the past,
increase interaction communities have found they are not ready to run
Help children and youth gain life skills activities by themselves. To tackle this problem,
Enlarge educational opportunities through WCH-SL ensures it is clear and transparent with
training of trainers stakeholders about how long the process will take
and what can and cannot be expected. The phasing-
The programme contributes to peacebuilding on out process begins at the very point of going into
two levels: the community. The focus, therefore, is on strongly
Personal level: strengthening resilience, the involving community members in the initial needs
potential for personal growth is maximised. assessments and at all times. From an early stage a
Children, youth and community members gain sustainability plan, describing how the community
conflict resolution skills will continue activities without external support, is
Collective level: community cohesion is designed and implemented.
promoted by joint activities and cultural
engagement, building trust between community WCH-SL pursues an integrated approach to
members (and between communities) peacebuilding, touching not only on children's
maximising understanding and results in direct environment and life skills, but on the
reconciliation and forgiveness community as a whole, supporting the way people
interact with one another as well as with other
WCH-SL identifies key groups within the communities.
community, consulting and engaging with them
through a needs assessment. Following this, a joint In this sense, grassroots ownership and leadership

20
action planning session is conducted, resulting in are important from the outset. The process must be
the development of a programme that meets the carried by the community itself, so that community
needs and circumstances of particular people in a members are not just 'participating', but also
community. playing an active and promoting role throughout
the process.

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23

Beyond Skin was established in 2004 to use the From the development of the multi-cultural This in turn means a significant investment on In essence, Beyond Skin's approach is to bring
Beyond Skin, Northern Ireland
arts to address sectarianism and the rise in collective, The Motion Project, to the setting-up of a the part of the project managers in building together a whole team of creative colleagues, from
racism. Since then, the cultural make-up of cultural music and educational radio broadcast, up and nurturing those relationships across committee, staff and artists who deliver Beyond
Darren Ferguson
Northern Ireland has changed dramatically, which Homely Planet, Beyond Skin have always looked at Northern Ireland. Skin's programmes. With such a team, possibilities,
in turn has produced many problems. Beyond constantly reinventing itself, ensuring that it is an rather than barriers, can be seen. The approach is
5a Sandown Road
Skin works to tackle these problems and to use organisation that is not comfortable to stay in one One outcome of Beyond Skin's approach that is not one where everyone has an input, and there is a
Belfast
the arts as its main vehicle. fixed format, not taking into account the changing actually one its primary objectives is 'Confidence positive and proactive target-audience focus, where
BT5 6GT
times around it. Building'. This realisation that out of its approach, the motto is: 'Don't organise something you
Northern Ireland
Key objectives: greater confidence on the part of its project wouldn't go to yourself'. In this sense, those who
United Kingdom
To address racism and sectarianism in Northern Beyond Skin's drive is to hit each of its aims and beneficiaries is gained, has enabled Beyond Skin to are benefiting from the programmes are those
Ireland through multicultural arts objectives, but as an organisation does not believe adapt its programming to ensure that this same people and groups who are brought into the
T +44 (0)2890 473695
To promote positive attributes reflected from a in attaining some 'high point', setting-up camp opportunity was not missed. A partnership has been process and inform its development along the way.
E info@beyondskin.net
society made up of different cultures there and then remaining only on familiar ground. developed with a life coaching group and has been
W www.beyondskin.net
To promote multicultural arts for the benefit of Beyond Skin will always be developing, with a built into some programmes. The success of this
www.beyondskin.net/
the inhabitants of Northern Ireland strategy that is not a straight line to reach a approach is not only that people learn and take
themotionproject.htm
To promote racial harmony and the exchange of destination, but rather a full circle to become part in something new, but that they develop their
cultural ideas and relations through the medium sustainable and to maximise the capacity of own self-confidence through it. By upholding this
of the arts projects. This in turn generates better results, confidence-building approach, people become
To contribute to maintaining a peaceful society promotes the issues along the way - and not the aware that promoting unity and peace does not
in Northern Ireland organisation. just affect the wider community, but can have a
To increase social awareness of different cultures massively positive impact on the self as well.
within Northern Ireland The key element of project delivery is partnership
To increase links between communities from and participation. Beyond Skin's approach is to give
different cultural backgrounds ownership of the projects to those involved. This is
To present, promote, organise, manage and applied internally (employed staff and volunteers)
produce performances and exhibitions of works and externally (groups, individuals, schools etc.).
of cultural and educational value Partnership programmes are welcomed, and in turn
Beyond Skin shares its ideas and projects.

22
From the start, Beyond Skin have always wished to
move 'against the grain' in project development; Communication plays a massive part in this
and even though some very heavy issues are being approach, building up good relationships with any
addressed, the idea that its projects should reflect of those worked with, such as education boards,
this 'heaviness' is something that Beyond Skin have council units, individuals, etc.
always disagreed with.

EUROPE AND NORTHERN IRELAND EUROPE AND NORTHERN IRELAND


City Bridges is a trade union initiative which aims Evaluation of Moving On suggests improvements in
to tackle prejudice and discrimination in society the attitudes of participants as a result of
and the workplace. Its strategic objectives are to: challenging sessions in which they have been

25
encouraged to address their own prejudices.
Develop anti-discriminatory programmes Trainees have also reported feeling increasingly
Develop a meaningful cross-border, cross- confident and more greatly equipped to deal with
community partnership such issues themselves in the future and become
Develop the capacity of the trade union 'champions for change' within their unions,
movement at grassroots level to address the workplaces and communities.
issues and so effect change in society
Moving On emphasises the partnership approach -
The Moving On Project within the workplace, between trade unions and
Moving On is a unique project to equip trade union between bodies on both sides of the border. This is
representatives with the skills, knowledge and increasingly visible through recent cross-border
attitudes to enable them to engage more activities being developed by unions with
effectively with and on behalf of their members on representation north and south as well as trades
the issues of peace and reconciliation, good councils and union-supported voluntary groups.
relations in the workplace, equity, diversity and
interdependence. Moving On recruits and trains One of the main challenges was the lack of
experienced representatives to become champions appropriate training material on Peace and
for change within their trade unions and workplace. Reconcilation for the workplace. This necessitated
determining a specification for new materials as
Key objectives of Moving On: part of the project.
City Bridges, Northern Ireland Mainstream key themes relating to equality and
reconciliation into the workplace thus Another challenge was securing time off in order
Eamonn Oakes contributing to better employment cultures and for participants to attend Moving On events. This
to a more peaceful and stable society in was overcome by liaising closely with trade union
c/o ATGWU Northern Ireland and the Border Region of officials who advocated on behalf of the project
Transport House Ireland using facility agreements. A discussion of potential
102 High Street Develop meaningful and sustainable cross-border barriers to effective participation in the project was
Belfast Moving On partnerships on a cross-community a useful exercise, and led to the understanding that
BT1 2DL basis within and between trade unions to build greater numbers of participants, and more effective
Northern Ireland peace and cooperation at the level of the delivery of training could be achieved if the project
workplace and in the community were conducted on a residential basis. This proved
T +44 (0)28 9031 4168 Encourage trade unions, individual members and to be effective in network-building.
E citybridges@utvinternet.com their employers to acquire new skills and
W www.citybridges.org confidence to combat racism, sectarianism, By involving parties on both a cross-community
discrimination, intimidation, bullying and AND cross-border basis, and by blending the
oppression in the workplace and in the community participants from across different unions, greater
sectoral experience within the groups and greater
Moving On project activities include: diversity was achieved.
Carry out research to ascertain the most up-to-
date information, policy developments, best By bringing together a range of participants under
practice and thinking on the key themes of peace their wider relationship to the trade union
and reconciliation movement, Moving On focused on building capacity
Commission a peace and reconciliation training to make personal contributions to the development
programme for use in the workplace of peace and reconciliation in the workplace and
Deliver training sessions on the themes such as the community.
Peace and Reconciliation; Section 75 of Northern
Ireland Act 1998; New Targeting Social Need and
Social Inclusion; Good Relations

The project identified that the two main


communities in Northern Ireland and the Border

24
Counties come together regularly in the workplace.
It therefore follows that representatives in the
workplace are an important source of influence to
train in the need for peace and reconcilation.

EUROPE AND NORTHERN IRELAND EUROPE AND NORTHERN IRELAND


27

The Wider Circle works to facilitate a process of The key element to success is a structured group-
self-healing, enabling people to heal themselves work approach that is well researched and proven
and others, and, in so doing, raise their self- to work with PTSD and Trauma (i.e. narrative and
esteem and confidence to a level that empowers art/design therapy) in a group setting facilitated by
them to make a positive contribution to the volunteers who have already gone through the
The Messines Association is dedicated to, and The joint training programmes directly address the communities in which they live and to the peace trauma programme themselves.
Messines Association, actively works for and promotes peace and attitudes and beliefs that sustain conflict, while process in Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland reconciliation through the study and examination simultaneously creating opportunities for broader The overarching aim is to promote good practice in
of the common and shared history of the people dialogue between communities, ranging from those Structured Self-Help Trauma Programmes all work with victims/survivors through the
Harry Donaghy of the Island of Ireland. who have no direct experience of one another to The Wider Circle, Specifically, the Wider Circle offers trauma programme and research that is aimed at the
those who live at the interface with each. The Northern Ireland programmes and training to those who suffer form communities themselves. This professional
T.T.R.& E. Project The Association actively addresses peace and project emphasises the importance of the trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) programme has a primary aim to improve the
45-47 Donegall Street reconciliation through the provision of relationships which underpin the activities and Martina Mullin O'Hare and to those caring for traumatised individuals. individual's health and wellbeing. This is only the
Belfast opportunities for participants from the divided quality of the learning and experience it provides. first step in developing awareness of the individual's
BT1 2FG traditions to engage in joint training programmes The Wider Circle Key objectives: own place in society and providing opportunities
Northern Ireland covering training in life and employability skills, and 76-78 Hamill Street Meeting the needs of the traumatised at a local for them to re-engage in wider activities, including
in particular, accredited and unaccredited courses to Belfast level volunteering and employment.
T +44 (0)28 90961111 participants from single identity, interface and BT12 4AA Programmes designed and implemented by local
E messines04@hotmail.com isolated communities in Northern Ireland and in the Northern Ireland people One of the greatest difficulties in delivering the
W www.messinesassociation.org Border Counties. Increased awareness of trauma, the common programmes was to reach out to the great majority
T +44 (0)28 9024 5595 symptoms and the effect on individuals, families of victims/survivors often isolated within their
The approach of the Association acknowledges that E info@widercircle.org and communities as a whole communities and in their homes. This was tackled
a large part of building peace is about directly W www.widercircle.org Education on self-care and coping mechanisms by carrying out a series of community broadcasts
addressing the received history that serves to for the traumatised about the work of the Wider Circle and its trauma
underpin division. Its main challenge is persuading To deliver developmental group-based, publication The Sky Before The Storm on local
those who cherish this history the most, of the structured, self-help therapeutic educational broadcast media. The next step, once funding was
value of critically re-examining it. programmes that deal with the centrality of secured, was to capitalise on the opportunities
trauma, accessible to individuals from created through this publicity and publish and
The Association's approach addresses events in communities most affected by the impact of disseminate 10,000 copies of the publication to all
Northern Ireland's shared history, which are often trauma the primary healthcare points in Northern Ireland.
embraced by one tradition and rejected by the To structure the programmes to reflect needs This has now taken place across two consecutive
other. The challenge was to bring both communities and circumstances of participants years, and the response from the public has been
together around these issues. This was achieved by To ensure the programme facilitators are extremely encouraging.

26
ongoing communication with individuals of provided with adequate support and supervision
influence and vision within both communities, who to carry out their roles with the programme. This By raising self-esteem on an individual and a
recognised the opportunity the programmes supervision ensures therapeutic support and collective basis, the Structured Self-Help Trauma
represented and championed them on the ground. heighten their awareness of group dynamics and Programmes enable people from different traditions
to work through conflict and any difficulties (or in Northern Ireland to learn to respect one another
potential) between the facilitators and to see the hurt and healing others are going
through, and in this sense, make an important
contribution to peacebuilding.

EUROPE AND NORTHERN IRELAND EUROPE AND NORTHERN IRELAND


29

The Education Alliance for Building Cultures of At present, the Alliance is made up of 16 national The Alliance has brought about a particularly Bringing together different influences, struggles,
Peace supports the strengthening of expertise, and international organisations, whose main aim is positive social and political impact in relation to a expertise and strategies for moving forward under
building cultures of peace through cooperation to contribute, through education, to building knowledge management strategy and the one single identity is not necessarily a new process.
and technical assistance, building up the Alliance cultures of peace and democratic coexistence, at a strengthening of the culture of evaluation within However, the Alliance specialises in identifying good
through the development of knowledge national, regional and local level. Colombia, an area that has until now remained pedagogical practice in a conflict which at first
management programmes, and influencing public largely untapped. The Alliance focuses on equipping appears hostile to a new process for moving
policy and communication. In 1999 a group of professionals from the World peacebuilders to manage and lead successful forward. The Alliance takes on board good practice
Bank met with representatives from the National discussions with policy makers by providing and raises awareness of it, through a series of
The Alliance helps to make the contributions Education Ministry and representatives of Antioquia sufficient data and evaluation on which to base different communication channels, so that new
Alianza Educación para la towards building cultures of peace more visible, and Bolívar, in Cartagena city. The aim: to share the their arguments to government officials, financial methods can serve as models for peacebuilding.
Construcción de Culturas de Paz better understood and more highly valued. The 15 Educational Projects for Peace which have been backers, academics and other influential figures. The
[Education Alliance for Building Alliance also works to increase its impact when it developing very successfully in Colombia. The group Alliance seeks to overcome such obstacles to By bringing together local organisations, schools or
Cultures of Peace], Colombia comes to transforming violent acts and of experts, gathered in Cartagena, recognised that evaluation and data-gathering in the peacebuilding neighbourhood groups around a common interest,
interpersonal, domestic, organised and social this expertise was an example of peacebuilding sector through raising awareness among the Alliance enables these groups to be their own
Gonzalo Rivera conflict, in the search for peace in Colombia. worthy of support and promotion. This led to communities and organisations, and through the agents for change, and gives a new sense of
inviting different national and international bodies production and distribution of clear, relevant and belonging as a result of the increased participation
Calle 72 Key objectives: to join forces and pool resources with the aim of effective monitoring and evaluation tools to train in community initiatives and the creation of new
No 10-71 Increase the capability of institutions as builders offering support for such expertise, an initiative those involved at all levels. links with the local community.
Piso 11 of cultures of peace which became a reality in November 2002 when
AA 110416 de Bogotá Make visible, recognise, strengthen, support, the Alliance's Agreement on Cooperation and
Colombia protect, expand and respond to expertise in Technical Assistance was signed.
building cultures of peace and living together
E secretariatecnica@ Create spaces for sustained dialogue which allow The Alliance supports the design and testing of
educacionparalapaz.org.co communities to build frameworks for reference, educational programmes and formal and informal
W www.educacionparalapaz.org.co which they can then use to understand and pedagogical models which aim to develop
express their own reality competence, emotional, communication and
Set up a knowledge management system for leadership skills, building an environment conducive
building cultures of peace, based on the analysis to living together in peace, citizenship, participation

28
of experience, research and continual learning in the democratic process, conflict resolution,
Contribute to increasing awareness, responsibility cultural diversity and gender equality.
and the capabilities of institutions, associations,
the economic sector and civil society as builders
of cultures of peace
Contribute to the development of public policy
on education for peace

LATIN AMERICA LATIN AMERICA


31

PODION is a Colombian NGO working since 1990 The School focuses on the following main lines of Another way to encourage the positive benefits of The School approach contributes to peacebuilding
in the promotion, cooperation and assessment of training: the training outwards is the promotion and creation in a number of ways. In the broadest sense, it offers
participative sustainable development Democratic conflict management of a network of Schools with regional nodes. These training in the fundamental topics to create
programmes with NGOs, religious institutions, Human rights and international humanitarian law regional nodes are recognised nationally for their processes and strategies to tackle violence and
communities and social grassroots-level Psychosocial solidarity work in the promotion of peace, through training in transform and resolve conflicts peacefully. But it is
organisations. Methods of popular education human rights, conflict transformation and also an approach that helps define community
psychosocial solidarity. The network is a mechanism leaders, who emerge in many areas of the country
Strategic objectives: Following on from the training process, PODION through which the social fabric created by the due to necessity and vulnerability when faced with
PODION, Colombia To offer services to attract members, assessment undertakes a follow-up and works alongside trainers training process is strengthened, with the aim of armed conflict and the diverse types of violence
and advice to help promote processes of regional and offers two workshops each year to refresh building and empowering the national peace blighting society.
Christof Wunsch and local development topics as defined by them, thus responding to their movement.
To promote actions that help provide a needs and interests. Through the Schools network, the people trained in
Calle 54 systematic approach to promoting exchanges One of the key challenges for the development of the process constitute, empower and invite others
No 10-81 and the coordination of local and regional efforts 20 locations across the country now have 'Local the Schools has been how to establish and maintain to join the building of a national peace movement
Piso 6 and strategies Schools', where an average of 25 people have permanent, effective communication with and which, rooted in the defence of human rights,
Bogotá To emphasise analysis and reflection on participated, all of them identified as leaders in between the teams of trainers, given the issues with conflict transformation and psychosocial support,
Colombia development and peaceful co-existence through their communities and therefore with important virtual/online communication in the country and contributes to the promotion of participation and
the defence and respect for human rights roles in their development. the technical infrastructure in certain areas. This is influences the planning of local and national
T +57 1 2481919 To work towards the construction of social an ongoing process, and one which entails government agendas.
E christof.wunsch@podion.org citizenship capable of influencing national The focus is on training for action, which means augmenting PODION's systems for maintaining
W www.podion.org policies that the key aim is that those concerned at local good physical, as well as virtual contact between
and national level, will work towards peace, justice teams, such as meetings and workshops.
School for Trainers in Democracy and Peace and democracy. To implement this proposal,
The School is a training programme developed in agreements are sought with organisations and
conjunction with two international peace-workers, institutions for social development (NGOs and
and brings together 32 social institutions and social groups) from different areas of the country,
organisations from different parts of the country. with the aim of attracting some of their members
These groups have realised the importance of and/or officials to the School training programme.

30
training their members and communities in topics
which allow them to approach conflict from a PODION encourages a multiplier effect, and during
distinctive standpoint, as well as creating strategies the training process, trainers take the process to
which allow for the development of social and their local areas. Group meetings ensure that
community work in a context of armed violence trainees exchange experiences, and share the
and conflict, as is the case in Colombia. advances and difficulties experienced.

LATIN AMERICA LATIN AMERICA


33

CEMPROC seeks to reduce destructive conflict With the assistance of a psychologist, the
and promote global peace, and aims to: promote participants on the training were also given a
mediation and other peaceful methods of conflict chance to talk about, understand and work through
resolution on a grassroots level; to provide some of the traumas of the past in order to
training and capacity building in conflict become better prepared as peacemakers to assist
resolution skills, particularly in marginalised others in conflict.
Center for Mediation, Peace, areas; to equip potential and actual leaders to
and Resolution of Conflict become successful peacebuilders within their The overall objectives of the programme were to
(CEMPROC) International, areas of influence; and to support an integrated transform relations between two sometimes
USA and Ecuador process of community development. conflictual populations by creating a core group
with common experiences that is committed to
Jeff Pugh Breaking Destructive Cycles Programme building inter-communal bridges. In addition, the
CEMPROC, together with the UN High Commission programme sought to strengthen the capacity of
5110 Jekyll Road on Refugees and UN Development Fund for Women community leaders, and by extension, their
Cumming offices in Ecuador, and a number of other partners networks and organisations to deal with destructive
GA 30040 initiated a training series and an open dialogue conflict within their areas of influence. A number of challenges faced the programme. With the combination of skill building and
USA forum for Colombian and Ecuadorian women who Originally conceived as a course targeted at attitudinal change that came from combining a
are leaders in their communities. The model developed with the Breaking Destructive refugees, it soon became obvious that most training with a dialogue process, as well as the
T 443-286-9843 Cycles programme focuses on the inter-communal refugees in Ibarra were unlikely to attend a long, in- follow up contacts that CEMPROC carried out to
E info@cemproc.org In response to the conflict that is sometimes or inter-group conflict settings, where tensions are depth training. In addition, often it was fear that continue the sense of community among the
W http://www.cemproc.org sparked between the two nationalities due to raised between two or more populations. impeded refugees from reaching out to others and participants, the women participating on the
increased economic competition, crime, public Combining a training course with a dialogue forming the networks of influence necessary for the programme were able to make changes in their own
health problems and xenophobia, the programme series/forum, the programme builds trust and desired multiplier effects of the training. In order to lives and act as bridge-builders within their
provided training in conflict resolution, leadership, shares common experiences as participants learn deal with these challenges, CEMPROC shifted the communities. This positive inter-group
human rights and violence reduction, and provided and practice conflict resolution and peacebuilding target audience to community leaders, including understanding emerging out of the programme
a safe space for honest and open dialogue. skills. The confidence to share experiences and established Colombian residents, Ecuadorian leaders paves the way for direct conflict resolution courses
insights about relations between the two groups is in business, NGO and education sectors, as well as for refugees, as well as the diffusion of research
The programme engaged the participants in active built, and by hearing and understanding the stories social service providers who work directly with results detailing the primary sources of conflict

32
learning, empowering them with personal skills and and experiences of peers who participants grow to refugees. In this way, a group of committed women between Ecuadorian and Colombian populations
understanding of peaceful conflict resolution trust, participants re-examine their own was brought together who would be able to attend and proposing recommendations for addressing
techniques as well as providing them with a safe assumptions and attitudes towards the other group in-depth training and carry the skills, knowledge these conflicts.
space to develop the leadership skills to enact as a whole. and changed attitudes that they gained through the
peaceful and effective social change through programme into their existing networks and areas
their organisations, communities, families and of influence.
social networks.

NORTH AMERICA NORTH AMERICA


35

The International Coalition of Historic Site of a remaining building with a map of their To meet this challenge, the Coalition is now Indeed, like conflict resolution and democracy-
Museums of Conscience fights for every destroyed neighbourhood, inviting people to developing a comprehensive communications and building/citizen engagement programmes, Site
community's right to preserve places of past 'place' themselves back home. This site, charged advocacy campaign. The campaign is designed to Museums seek to create ongoing spaces for
struggle for democracy, to talk openly about with the energy of memory, became the District open the space for Site Museums to thrive in the dialogue across difference and inspire greater
what happened there, and to confront the Six Museum, the centre of a resistance long term by promoting the importance of historic citizen involvement in establishing and shaping
contemporary legacies associated with movement that stopped the construction of the sites for building lasting cultures of human rights to democratic processes and non-violent mechanisms
those events. whites-only district and fostered countless anti- key publics and opinion leaders in government, for social change. In essence, by opening new
apartheid actions social justice and arts and culture. Also important is conversations about contemporary issues in
Sites of Conscience Museums (Site Museums) Though broad and long-term impact: historic creating a process that embraces and fosters debate historical perspective, places of memory can
International Coalition Specifically, Site Museums: sites involve ordinary citizens in making change, around memorialisation in a productive and non- become new centres for democracy in action,
of Historic Site Museums Interpret history through historic sites not only leaders or experts, and represent a violent way. harnessed as a self-conscious tactic in the service
of Conscience, USA Engage in programmes that stimulate dialogue powerful vehicle for raising public awareness of of human rights and civic engagement.
on pressing social issues and promote current human rights issues Like transitional justice processes, many Site
Liz Sevcenko humanitarian and democratic values as a They connect past to present and memory Museums seek to expose the truth about past
primary function to action human rights abuses and to provide a form of
91 Orchard Street Share opportunities for public involvement in symbolic reparations to victims. But their goals go
New York, NY 10002 issues arising from the site Although the Coalition was founded first to develop beyond uncovering evidence and publicly
USA and exchange programmatic models for fostering acknowledging past crimes. Instead, they seek to
Site Museums are continually evolving spaces that effective dialogue, it soon becomes clear that there host and facilitate ongoing dialogue among all
T +1 212 431 0233 draw on the changes of the societies within which were different kinds of political opposition to sectors of society about the implications of that
E lsevcenko@tenement.org they find themselves. They have a common goal to: opening public discussion on sensitive questions evidence for how we live today - how should we
W www.sitesofconscience.org Draw explicit connections between past from multiple perspectives. Memorialisation was move forward? What kind of society do we want to
and present too often seen as an instrument or vehicle of one see in the future, and what is the role each of us
Foster dialogue among diverse stakeholders particular political agenda, rather than as a catalyst can play in shaping it? How should we live with
Open avenues for citizen participation in other for broad-based citizen participation in making each other? Where do we see these abuses
human rights or transitional justice efforts change. The Coalition realised that it had a emerging again and how can we prevent them
responsibility to advocate for the right of sites not from happening?
Site Museums contribute to peacebuilding: only to exist, but to serve as places where their

34
By catalysing democratic change: when communities could engage with each other openly
thousands of homes in District Six in Cape Town across difference on the most sensitive questions of
were razed to the ground to make way for a their past and future.
whites-only district, residents covered the floor

NORTH AMERICA NORTH AMERICA


Acknowledgements
This publication was made possible
through the kind support of
37
The Global Peacebuilders project is funded by Dr Neil Jarman
the European Union's Peace and Reconciliation Neil is Director of the Institute for Conflict Research,
Programme 2000-2006 under Measure 5.3 an independent research centre specialising in policy
Developing Cross Border Reconciliation & related issues based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. He
Understanding and managed for the Special was a specialist adviser to the Northern Ireland
European Union Programmes Body by the Affairs Committee for their inquiry into hate crime in Linda McClelland
Cross-border Consortium. Northern Ireland (2004-2005) and is currently Linda is Director of War on Want NI, which was
working with ODI and OSCE in Warsaw as member of started by a small group of people concerned about a
Friends of Global Peacebuilders Canice Hamill, Chair their expert panel on freedom of assembly. world where two thirds of its people were suffering.
A number of individuals and organisations have Canice is proprietor of Canice Consulting, an The aim of the group was to highlight the poverty in
offered their time, expertise and resources to help international consultancy operating in the fields of Gráinne Kelly the world to the people of Northern Ireland and to
Global Peacebuilders shine a spotlight on the work local and regional development, enterprise and A researcher and practitioner specialising in raise funds to alleviate the suffering caused by
individual people are doing to build peace in their employment development and management and peacebuilding theory and practice in post-conflict poverty. Since its inception, War on Want NI has
communities across the world. To view a list of the technical support to EU networks and programmes. societies, Gráinne is coordinating the Victim given support to hundreds of small-scale projects
friends of Global Peacebuilders, learn more about He has in-depth knowledge of EU policies and Empowerment Project, an initiative exploring the role benefiting hundreds of thousands of people in Africa,
their contribution and access contact details, visit programmes and considerable experience of working of indigenous foundations in supporting victims' Asia and Latin America.
www.globalpeacebuilders.org/english/friends in Northern Ireland, other parts of the UK and in issues in conflict or post-conflict societies. She
other Member States of the EU. Types of consultancy co-developed a two-year research project exploring Brian Scott
Global Peacebuilders Selection Panel assignments undertaken include programme design the theory and practice of reconciliation in Northern Chief Executive of Oxfam Ireland since 1998, Brian
From the pool of peacebuilding approaches received, as well as assistance on implementation, Ireland and conducted a study visit to Cambodia to has worked in educational publishing in Africa and
the panel selected those approaches that illustrated management, audit and evaluation of programmes explore cross-cultural applicability of this research in South America, and agribusiness development in
the challenges, difficulties, successes, training and projects. a post-genocidal society. Ireland, USA and developing countries. He is a
and innovation involved in building peace in areas graduate of Harvard Business School, where he also
of conflict. Angila Chada Louise Little worked as a research associate.
Currently Springboard's Executive Director, Louise coordinates the cross-border, cross-
For more information on the selection process, and to Angila Chada has been responsible for innovative community Community Outreach Reconciliation and creativecommons.org
read more about the Selection Panel, visit community-based interventions aimed at building Engagement Project, developed between community The photographers and works listed below have been
www.globalpeacebuilders.org/english/panel.html peace and capacity within disadvantaged stakeholders from Finglas South, Dublin and Inner used throughout this publication, and are licensed
communities for over 16 years. Other activities have East Belfast, and Co-operation Ireland. She has under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
included participation in a wide range of community worked with the Ex-Prisoners Interpretive Centre and 2.0 license. You may view the terms and conditions of
planning and evaluation processes and holding Citywide Women's Consortium, coordinating the the Creative Commons licenses at
Directorships in Intercomm and Success Foundation. development of education and employability skills for www.creativecommons.org/licenses
Prior to Springboard, she built her professional skills women. She has also worked in Israel/Palestine
base as a Manager in a London consultancy house. and Serbia building confidence in the use of Page 2 L. E. MacDonald
During her student years Angila served as Queens English and exploring conflict transformation and Page 7 Genvessel
University's Education Officer and was awarded the role of women in communities living with, Page 11 Billy Barkle
honorary life membership. and beyond, conflict. Page 13 Pete Muller
Page 14 Joy Banerjee
Page 15 Brice Canonne / Elton Melo
Page 16 Bryan
Page 17 Bluyonder
Page 29/30/31 Maria Cecita

36
Index
At-a-glance guide to approaches/projects
focusing on specific areas of peacebuilding
and target groups of beneficiaries

BY AREA OF FOCUS Page No.

Advocacy/campaigning 6; 7; 8; 10; 19; 20; 22; 34

Civil society development 10; 14; 18; 19; 24; 26; 27; 28; 30; 34

Community-building and renewal 6; 7; 8; 10; 19; 20; 22; 27; 32; 34

Conflict resolution 6; 7; 10; 12; 14; 16; 19; 20; 26; 27; 28; 30; 32

Dialogue/Mediation/Negotiation 6; 7; 10; 12; 14; 16; 19; 20; 26; 27; 28; 32; 34

Democratisation/Governance 6; 18; 19; 28; 34

Interfaces/Inter-communal conflict/Urban conflict 10; 19; 20; 22; 26; 27; 28; 30; 32; 34

Justice/Human rights 6; 7; 8; 10; 18; 19; 20; 26; 28; 30; 32; 34

Peace research 6; 10; 14; 19; 26; 28

Reconciliation/Conflict transformation 6; 7; 10; 14; 18; 19; 20; 22; 24; 26; 27; 28; 30; 32; 34

Re-integration 12; 19; 22; 27; 28; 30

Truth/Memory/Trauma healing 27; 32; 34

BY TARGET GROUP Page No.

Children/Youth/Young adults 6; 7; 8; 10;1 2; 14; 16; 18; 19; 20; 22; 26; 28; 34

Community leaders 6; 7; 10; 14; 18; 19; 20; 26; 27; 28; 30; 32; 34

Ex-combatants/Ex-prisoners 6; 7; 10; 19; 20; 26; 27; 28

Government/Government agencies 6; 7; 10; 14; 18; 19; 27; 28

Local communities/Residents 6; 7; 8; 10; 14; 16; 18; 19; 20; 22; 26; 27; 28; 32; 34

Men 7; 20; 26; 27; 28

Minority groups 7; 8; 10; 18; 19; 20; 22; 26; 27; 28; 32; 34

NGOs/voluntary/community/civil society organisations 7; 10; 12; 14; 18; 19; 26; 27; 28; 30; 32; 34

Religious groups 7; 10; 14; 19; 26; 28

Women 6; 7; 10; 19; 20; 24; 2 6; 27; 28; 32

38
The Global Peacebuilders project is funded by the European Union's Peace and Reconciliation Programme 2000-2006
under Measure 5.3 Developing Cross Border Reconciliation & Understanding and managed for the Special European
Union Programmes Body by the Cross-border Consortium.

Global Peacebuilders Project


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