Envi Solving

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Envi Solving

© All Rights Reserved

- Waste Manegment in Amala Hospital
- Index
- Treatment of COD and Color by EC Process from Textile Wastewaters
- Dissertation 99
- Trickling Filter 2
- Digestion Denitrificacion
- biologyBiolog Ty
- Optimization of Wwtp Excellent)
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- Start Up of an UASB Septic Tank for Community on Site Treatment of Strong Domestic Sewage Al Shayah Mahmoud
- Questions Bank (Dropbox F)
- FS WSP Overview
- WASA-Design-Guideline-Manual-R1-Oct-08.pdf
- A GUIDANCE MANUAL ON the preparation of technical reports, papers and ppt.pdf
- Stp Sbr Based

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Math Questions...

11. What is the percent of BOD removed in a plant when

the influent BOD is 245 mg/L and the effluent BOD is 22

mg/L ?

a. 91%

b. 86%

c. 35%

d. 13%

e. 9%

12. A plastic float is dropped into a wastewater channel

and is found to travel 10 feet in 4.2 seconds. The channel

is 2.4 feet wide and is flowing 1.8 feet deep. Calculate

the flow rate of this wastewater in cubic feet per second.

a. 1.0 ft/sec.

b. 2.3 ft/sec.

c. 4.2 ft/sec.

d. 5.7 ft/sec.

e. 10.3 ft/sec.

13. What is the detention time in a stabilization pond if

the influent flow rate is 0.785 MGD, the pond depth is 4.5

feet, and the pond covers 17 acres ?

a. 97 days.

b. 56 days.

c. 32 days.

d. 14 days.

e. 4.2 days.

14. What is the volume of water (in gallons) in an upright

25 foot diameter cylindrical tank with a water depth of 22

feet ?

a. 10,794 gallons

b. 13,750 gallons

c. 80,737 gallons

d. 90,022 gallons

e. 102,850 gallons

15. Thirty-four hundred and fifty (3,450) gallons of

primary sludge is pumped to an anaerobic digester. How

many pounds of V.S. are pumped to the digester if the

sludge contains 4.3% T.S. and 76% V.S. ?

a. 25,806 lbs.

b. 12,370 lbs.

c. 1,237 lbs.

d. 940 lbs.

e. 715 lbs.

Answer Key...

1

False

True

False

True

False

True

10

11

12

13

14

15

Math Questions...

11. A trickling filter wastewater treatment plant receives

a flow 1.95 MGD. Calculate the organic loading to this

plant if it has a 135 ft diameter trickling filter with a 5

foot media depth and has a primary effluent BOD

concentration of 110 mg/L.

a. 0.5 lbs BOD/1,000 ft/day.

b. 2.7 lbs BOD/1,000 ft/day.

c. 25 lbs BOD/1,000 ft/day.

e. 44 lbs BOD/1,000 ft/day.

12. At a wastewater treatment plant which receives a

flow rate of 650,000 gallons per day, a total of 50 cubic

feet of grit was removed for the month. Calculate the rate

of grit removal assuming 30 days in a month.

a. 1.1 cu.ft./MG.

b. 1.3 cu.ft./MG.

c. 1.7 cu.ft./MG.

d. 2.0 cu.ft./MG.

e. 2.6 cu.ft./MG.

13. At an activated sludge wastewater treatment plant

receiving 3.25 MGD, the final effluent suspended solids

concentration averages 21.2 mg/L. What would the

calculated MCRT value be when the aeration basin carries

2,050 mg/L MLSS and wastes 0.0550 MGD. The waste

activated sludge has a concentration of 7,980 mg/L. The

aeration tank has a volume of 1.00 MG and the

secondary clarifier has an operational volume of 0.250

MG.

a. 2.5 days

b. 5.0 days

c. 7.5 days

d. 15 days

e. 42 days

14. At a 5.32 MGD wastewater treatment plant the final

effluent is determined to have a suspended solids

concentration of 23.5 mg/L. How many pounds of

suspended solids are being discharged daily ?

a. 1043 lbs/day

b. 935 lbs/day

c. 125 lbs/day

d. 37 lbs/day

e. 15 lbs/day

15. It is found that at a wastewater treatment pond

system 35 days are required to bring the pond system to

its operations depth of 3.5 feet. Assuming that the pond

system was empty when the filling of the pond was

initiated and that a constant incoming flow rate fills the

pond, what would be the hydraulic loading on this pond

system ?

a. 0.47 inches/day

b. 1.2 inches/day

c. 2.1 inches/day

d. 3.5 inches/day

e. 10.0 inches/day

Answer Key...

1

False

False

False

True

True

False

10

11

12

13

14

15

Math Questions...

11. A rectangular primary sedimentation basin is 100 feet

long by 20 feet wide with an average liquid depth of 12.5

feet. What volumetric rate of flow (expressed in MGD)

can be treated in that basin without exceeding a unit

hydraulic loading rate of 850 gallons/day/ft ?

feet in 12 minutes and 20 seconds while a steady flow

rate of 180 g.p.m. was entering the basin. The basin

diameter was 12 feet. What was the discharge rate of the

pump expressed in gallons per minute ?

pounds of dissolved oxygen transferred to water in an

aeration tank by 1,000 cubic feet of air. Assume that air

is 21% oxygen EITHER BY WEIGHT OR BY VOLUME.

an F/M Ratio of 0.65 lbs COD/day/lb MLVSS. Given the

following information, show a determination of the

concentration of MLSS that should be maintained.

Average Plant Flow Rate 4.0 MGD

Normal RAS Flow Rate 2.0 MGD

Aeration Basin Volume 1.25 MG

Final Clarifier Volume 0.5 MG

Primary Effl. COD Conc. 300 mg/L

Final Effl. COD Conc. 56 mg/L

Primary Effl. Sus. Sol. Conc. 105 mg/L

Final Effl. Sus. Sol Conc. 20 mg/L

% Volatility of MLSS 70%

14. In an attempt to correct a filamentous growth in an

activated sludge process, you want to inject chlorine into

the RAS flow stream at the dosage of 2.5 pounds of

chlorine per 1,000 pounds of return activated sludge

suspended solids. Show the calculations to find the

proper chlorinator feed setting (in pounds of chlorine per

day), given the following information :

Average Plant Flow Rate 9.0 MGD

MLSS Conc. 2,850 mg/L

RAS Flow Rate 3.3 MGD

MLVSS Conc. 2,600 mg/L

WAS Flow Rate to DAF 1.2 MGD

RAS Conc. 8,500 mg/L

True

False

False

True

True

10

1.7

866

12

13

mgd

gpm

anaerobically digested sludge (3.8% TS) at the rate of 75

gallons/min. It is operated 6.5 hours per day. The feed

sludge is conditioned with a polymer solution and then

fed to the press. A 25 cubic yard truck full (level road) of

sludge cake (20.5% TS, bulk density 65.8 Lbs/ft3) is

hauled away at the end of each day. Calculate the

percent solids recovery.

Mandatory Essay Question...

11. Lab data from your 100,000 gallon primary anaerobic

digester, which receives primary sludge only, is shown

below. Using this data :

(a) Calculate the average volatile solids reduction.

Compare your calculated value to generally accepted

ranges for a healthy anaerobic digester. Comment.

(b) Compare the other data to expected ranges.

(c) Is this digester experiencing an operational problem ?

If so, what is the problem. Name three steps that may be

taken to mitigate the problem.

(d) Should slake lime be added ? Why or why not ?

Date

BOD5 test is run on this same secondary effluent at the

same time using a nitrification inhibitor. Using the data

for this test is given below, calculate the nitrogenous BOD

(Assume a 300 mL BOD bottle is used to run this test).

Sample Size: 30 mL 50 mL Blank

Initial DO, mg/L 8.9 8.8 9.0

Final DO, mg/L 6.0 4.2 8.9

Answer Key...

11

Air weighs 0.075 pounds per ft3

2,110

585

16.7

14

15

mg/L

lbs/day

mg/L

Math Questions...

8. A 6-year old pump motor is to be replaced. The new

motor, just like the old one, would run 75% of the time.

Both existing and replacement motors would operate at

100 OUTPUT HP. The existing motor efficiency is 86%

while the replacement motor would be guaranteed at

94% efficiency. Electricity currently averages $0.0780 per

KWH. Calculate the energy cost savings per year (to the

nearest dollar, assume 365 days/yr) if the existing pump

is replaced with the new pump (neglect any consideration

pH

9/02 7.10

3,200

280

35.5

9/09 7.00

3,020

320

36.0

9/16 6.90

2,800

400

37.7

9/17 6.85

2,720

450

38.2

Date

Raw Sludge

(TS %)

Raw Sludge

(VS %)

Digested Sludge

(VS %)

9/02

5.4

65.5

56.0

9/09

5.0

66.7

53.8

9/16

4.9

65.9

54.2

conventional activated sludge plant which discharges into

a shallow bay. Your NPDES permit currently sets a

discharge limit of 5 mg/L for total ammonia-nitrogen in

your effluent. However, the Regional Water Quality

Control Board at the request of the Department of Fish

and Game will soon revise your plants discharge

requirements and have even lower total ammonia limits

so that certain species of fish may be re-introduced into

the bay. The proposed limit is as follows :

Total Ammonia - Nitrogen

Maximum Concentration

Time of Year

2.0 mg/L

1.0 mg/L

th

(a) What is total ammonia-nitrogen and why are such low

limits being considered ?

(b) Why are there different limits during different parts of

the year ?

(c) Identify and briefly discuss three (3) impacts that

these new limits will have on plant operations.

Answer Key...

1 A 2 D 3

6 E 7 B 8

3,813 $/year

1 lb air

10

98.2 %

Math Problems...

9. Given the information below estimate the heat value of

the gas produced from an anaerobic digester in units of

BTUs per day. PURE METHANE has a net heat value of

932 BTUs per standard cubic foot. Assume gas produced

is measured at standard conditions.

Raw sludge pumping

schedule

75 gpm

Raw sludge % TS

4.2%

Raw sludge % VS

73.0%

Digester Sludge % VS

58%

Gas Production

11.5 ft/day/Lb VS

destroyed

35.5%

1.0%

remove phosphorus from an activated sludge effluent.

Seven and one-half (7.5) mg/L of aluminum is required

to give adequate removal of the phosphorus in this

effluent. Calculate the daily cost of liquid alum given the

following information :

Plant flow

1.8 MGD

1.32

49%

Liquid alum

operated 24 hours/day and 7 days/week. All the WAS is

pumped to the thickener. In order to save on energyand

labor you plan to switch to one 8-hour shift per day and 7

days/week. Use the data below to calculate the solids

loading rate (lbs/ft/hour) to DAF unit.

liquid depth.

Plant Flow

4.2 MGD

1.55 MG

0.60 MG

135 mg/L

Pri. Effluent SS

92 mg/L

Final Effluent SS

22 mg/L

MLSS

3,250 mg/L

WAS

9,100 mg/L

5.5 days

12. The control and calculation of RAS flow rates are

important considerations in the operation of activated

sludge wastewater treatment plants. Most commonly the

operator either sets the return rate (QR) at a constant

flow or as a constant percentage of flow.

(a) Identify two effects that each of these approaches will

have on plant operations. Assume that a normal diurnal

variation in both wastewater flow and strength.

(b) The so-called solids balance approach (shown

below) may be used to mathematically estimate QR. What

two assumptions are made in deriving this formula ?

[QR + Q] x MLSS Conc. = QR x RAS Conc.

(c) Using the information given below and the solids

balance equation, calculate SVI and QR comment on

these values :

Q

2.0 mgd

MLSS

2,350 mg/L

RAS

7,350 mg/L

SV-30

320 mLs/g

of liquid chlorine versus sodium hypochlorite. He has

requested your input. Prepare a memo for your

supervisor in which you identify FIVE factors that should

be considered when comparing the use of chlorine with

sodium hypochlorite. Briefly discuss each of these factors.

Where possible indicate which chemical has the

advantage when a particular factor is discussed.

Answer Key...

1 D 2 B 3 C 4

6 C 7 B 8 D 9 21,500,000 BTUs/day 10

$ 372/day

11

2.6 lbs/hr.ft2

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