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AMJK

Final Round

1. The pipe flow in the figure fills a cylindrical tank as shown. At time t =
0, the water depth in the tank is 30 cm. Estimate the time required to
fill the remainder of the tank.

Answer 46s
For a control volume enclosing the tank and the portion of the pipe
below the tank,
d
[ dv ]+ moutm =0
dt
R2 dh (
+ AV )out ( AV ) =0
dt

[ ()

dh
4

=
998
( 0.122 ) ( 2.51.9 ) =0.0153 m
2
dt 998( )( 0.75 )
4
s
t=

0.7
=46 s
0.0153

2. A 1.5 m pipe stands vertically with 0.08m top diameter and 0.04m
bottom diameter. If the water flow rate is 0.020 m 3/s, find the pressure
difference at the top and bottom.
Answer 103.96 kPa
v 22v 21
P=P 1P2=
+ Z 2Z1 w
2g

v 1=

Q
0.02
m
=
=3.97
A1
s
2
( 0.08 )
4

v 2=

0.02

( 0.04 )2
4

=15.91

m
s

15.9123.97 2
P=
1.5 9.81=103.96 kPa
2 ( 9.81 )
3. A refrigerator system operates on an ideal vapour compression using
R-12 with an evaporator temperature of -30C and a condenser exit
temperature of 49.30C and requires 74.6 kW motor to drive the
compressor. What is the capacity of the refrigerator in tons of
refrigeration? Enthalpy at condenser entrance is 382 kJ/kg, exit =
248.15 kJ/kg, at evaporator entrance = 248.15 kJ/kg, exit 338.14 kJ/kg
W =m ( h 2h1 )
74.6=m ( 382338.14 )
m=1,7

kg
s

Q A =1.7 ( 338.14248.15 )
Q A =153 kW43.52tons
4. Find the diameter of a SAE 1040 line shaft to transmit 10 kW at 120
rpm with a torsional deflection not exceeding 0.26 degree/meter length
of 0.08 degree/foot length. Shaft allowable stress is 8000 psi. Assume
G = 12000ksi
Answer 68 mm
10000
T=
=795.77 Nm
120
2
60

( )

D= 4

TL

G
32
795.77 ( 1 )

D= 4

0.26

( 1000 )
( 180 )( 32 ) ( 12 ) (10 )( 101.325
14.7 )
6

D=68 mm
5. A cylinder having an internal diameter of 20in and an external
diameter in is subjected to an internal pressure of 10000 psi and
external pressure of 2000 psi. What is the actual stress?

Answer 1573.43 psi


Pi r 2i Po r 2o
S a=
r 2or 2i
10000 ( 102 )2000 ( 18 2)
S a=
=1571,43 psi
2
2
18 10

6. A pressure difference of 350 P is available to force 20C air through a


circular sheet-metal duct 450 mm in diameter and 25m long. At 20C,
density is 1.204 kg/m^3 and take friction factor = 0.016. Determine
the velocity
Answer 25 .57 m/s
fL V 2
P=
2D
P=350=
V =25.57

0.016 ( 25 ) ( V 2 ) ( 1.204 )
2 ( 0.45 )

m
s

7. A 25 kg piston is above a gas in a long vertical cylinder. Now the piston


is released from rest and accelerates up in the cylinder reaching the
end 5 m higher at a velocity of 25 m/s. The gas pressure drops during
the process so the average is 600 kPa with an outside atmosphere at
100 kPa. Neglect the change in gas kinetic and potential energy, and
find the needed change in the gas volume.
Answer 0.018 m3
E2E 1=m ( u 2u1 ) +m

v 22
0 +mg ( h20 )
2

( )

( )

25
E2E 1=25
+25 ( 9.81 ) ( 5 )=9.038 kJ
2
E2E 1=W gasW atm =Pavg V gas Po V gas
V gas =

9.038
=0.018 m3
600100

8. Let N be the smallest positive integer whose digits add up to 2015.


What is the sum of digits of N+1?

Answer 9
The smallest positive integer will have as few digits as possible, to
achieve this, it should have as many 9 digits as possible.
2015
=223 remainder 8
9
Digit N has 223 9 digit one 8
For it to be the smallest possible integer, the 8 should be on the
highest place value. If one were added to the digit all 9 will become
zero and 8 will become 9. The sum of digits of N+1 = 9
9. A fan has a suction pressure of 5 cm water vacuum with air velocity of
5m/s. The discharge has 20cm WG and discharge velocity of 10 m/s.
Find the total head of the fan.
Answer 212.15 m
( hdw h sw ) w ( 0.2(0.05 ) ) ( 1000 )
h s=
=
=208.33 m
a
1.2
hv=

102 52
=3.82m
2 ( 9.81 )

h=208.33+ 3.82=212.15 m
10.
A pump discharges 150 litres per second of water to a height of
75m. If the efficiency is 75% and the speed of the pump is 1800 rpm,
what is the torque in N-m to which the drive shaft is subjected?
QH 9.81 ( 0.15 )( 75 )
P=
=
=147.15 kW
ep
0.75
147.15=

2 TN 2 T ( 1800 )
=
60
60

T =781 Nm
11.
For an ideal gas, what is most nearly the specific molar entropy
change during an isothermal process in which the pressure changes
from 200 kPa to 150kPa?
Answer 2.39 J/mol K
S=R ln

p2
150
J
=8.3143 ln
=2.39
p1
200
molK

12.
The piston displacement of a double acting compressor is 0.358
3
m /s delivers gas from 101.325 kPa and 300K to 675 kPa at the rate of
0.166m3/s at 150 rpm. Value of n for compression and expansion is
1.33. Find the compressor percent clearance.
Answer 16.96%
e v =1+cc

P2 1n V 1 0.166
= =
=0.4637
P1
V d 0.358

( )

0.4637=1+ cc

675
101.325

1
1.33

c=16.96
13.
A shaft is subjected to a steady load of 36000 in lb at a shear
stress of 10000psi. Compute the diameter of the said shaft in inches
Answer 2.636 in or 2 3/4in

D= 3

16T 3 16 ( 36000 )
=
=2.636

(10000 )( )

14.
A force of F = 15 lb is applied to the cord. Determine how high
the 30 lb block A rises in 2s starting from rest. Neglect the weight of
the pulleys and cords.

Answer 64.4 ft
30

F y =ma ;30+ 60= 32.2 a A


a A =32.2

ft
s2

1
s= ( 32.2 ) ( 2 )2=64.4 ft
2

15.
Methane gas CH4, burns in air and release 192 kcal/mol.
Assuming a 90% efficient heat transfer, what mass in kg of ice at -17.8
C can be converted to water at 37.8C by burning 500 liters of methane
measured at 20.56 deg C and 1 atm.
Answer 28.6 grams
PV =n R T =101.325 ( 0.5 )=n ( 8.3143 ) ( 20.56+273 )
n=0.021mol of CH 4
Qch4 =Qice
192 ( 4.187 ) ( 0.021 )( 0.9 )=m(2.093 ( 0+17.8 ) +335+ 4.187 ( 37.8 ))

m=28.6 grams

Clincher (Sudden death)


1. An asset is purchased for P150000. Its estimated life is 10 years,
after which it will be sold for P20000. Find the depreciation for the
second year using the sum of the years digit method.
Answer 21272.73

n
10
SYD = ( n+1 )= (10+ 1 )=55
2
2
De p2 =

( 15000020000 ) (101 )
=21272.73
55

2. A centrifugal pump has a discharge of 0.1 m 3/s at a head of 80


meters. If the speed of the pump is increased to attain a discharge
of 0.12 m3/s, what new kw power will be required?
Answer 135.6 kW
P1=0.1 ( 9.81 ) ( 80 )=78.48 kW
Q 1 N 1 0.1
= =
Q 2 N 2 0.12
P1 N 1
=
P2 N 2

( )

78.48
0.1
=
P2
0.12

( )

P2=135.6 kW
3. A single acting reciprocating pump with a diameter of 0.1 m and
stroke of 0.15 m, delivers water at a rate of 0.015 m 3/min. What is
the percentage slip it delivers at 15 rpm?
Answer 15.1%
3

2
0.01767 m
V D = D 2 ln= ( 0.1 ) ( 0.15 )( 15 ) =
4
4
min
Slip=

V dQ
=15.1
Vd

4. An otto engine has a clearance volume of 8%. The heat rejected is


400 kJ/s, determine the power produced by the engine in kW
rk=

( 1+c )
=13.5
c

e=1

1
r

k1
k

=64.7

e=

Q A400
; Q A =1133.1 kW
QA

W =1133.1400=733.1 kW
5. A tensile stress of 56 MPa and a shear stress of 28 MPa are induced
in a brittle material whose allowable strength in a straight tension is
70 MPa. Determine the maximum tensile stress
Answer 67.6 MPa
56
56 2
max = + 28 2+
=67.6 MPa
2
4