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Final Round

1. The pipe flow in the figure fills a cylindrical tank as shown. At time t =

0, the water depth in the tank is 30 cm. Estimate the time required to

fill the remainder of the tank.

Answer 46s

For a control volume enclosing the tank and the portion of the pipe

below the tank,

d

[ dv ]+ moutm =0

dt

R2 dh (

+ AV )out ( AV ) =0

dt

[ ()

dh

4

=

998

( 0.122 ) ( 2.51.9 ) =0.0153 m

2

dt 998( )( 0.75 )

4

s

t=

0.7

=46 s

0.0153

2. A 1.5 m pipe stands vertically with 0.08m top diameter and 0.04m

bottom diameter. If the water flow rate is 0.020 m 3/s, find the pressure

difference at the top and bottom.

Answer 103.96 kPa

v 22v 21

P=P 1P2=

+ Z 2Z1 w

2g

v 1=

Q

0.02

m

=

=3.97

A1

s

2

( 0.08 )

4

v 2=

0.02

( 0.04 )2

4

=15.91

m

s

15.9123.97 2

P=

1.5 9.81=103.96 kPa

2 ( 9.81 )

3. A refrigerator system operates on an ideal vapour compression using

R-12 with an evaporator temperature of -30C and a condenser exit

temperature of 49.30C and requires 74.6 kW motor to drive the

compressor. What is the capacity of the refrigerator in tons of

refrigeration? Enthalpy at condenser entrance is 382 kJ/kg, exit =

248.15 kJ/kg, at evaporator entrance = 248.15 kJ/kg, exit 338.14 kJ/kg

W =m ( h 2h1 )

74.6=m ( 382338.14 )

m=1,7

kg

s

Q A =1.7 ( 338.14248.15 )

Q A =153 kW43.52tons

4. Find the diameter of a SAE 1040 line shaft to transmit 10 kW at 120

rpm with a torsional deflection not exceeding 0.26 degree/meter length

of 0.08 degree/foot length. Shaft allowable stress is 8000 psi. Assume

G = 12000ksi

Answer 68 mm

10000

T=

=795.77 Nm

120

2

60

( )

D= 4

TL

G

32

795.77 ( 1 )

D= 4

0.26

( 1000 )

( 180 )( 32 ) ( 12 ) (10 )( 101.325

14.7 )

6

D=68 mm

5. A cylinder having an internal diameter of 20in and an external

diameter in is subjected to an internal pressure of 10000 psi and

external pressure of 2000 psi. What is the actual stress?

Pi r 2i Po r 2o

S a=

r 2or 2i

10000 ( 102 )2000 ( 18 2)

S a=

=1571,43 psi

2

2

18 10

circular sheet-metal duct 450 mm in diameter and 25m long. At 20C,

density is 1.204 kg/m^3 and take friction factor = 0.016. Determine

the velocity

Answer 25 .57 m/s

fL V 2

P=

2D

P=350=

V =25.57

0.016 ( 25 ) ( V 2 ) ( 1.204 )

2 ( 0.45 )

m

s

is released from rest and accelerates up in the cylinder reaching the

end 5 m higher at a velocity of 25 m/s. The gas pressure drops during

the process so the average is 600 kPa with an outside atmosphere at

100 kPa. Neglect the change in gas kinetic and potential energy, and

find the needed change in the gas volume.

Answer 0.018 m3

E2E 1=m ( u 2u1 ) +m

v 22

0 +mg ( h20 )

2

( )

( )

25

E2E 1=25

+25 ( 9.81 ) ( 5 )=9.038 kJ

2

E2E 1=W gasW atm =Pavg V gas Po V gas

V gas =

9.038

=0.018 m3

600100

What is the sum of digits of N+1?

Answer 9

The smallest positive integer will have as few digits as possible, to

achieve this, it should have as many 9 digits as possible.

2015

=223 remainder 8

9

Digit N has 223 9 digit one 8

For it to be the smallest possible integer, the 8 should be on the

highest place value. If one were added to the digit all 9 will become

zero and 8 will become 9. The sum of digits of N+1 = 9

9. A fan has a suction pressure of 5 cm water vacuum with air velocity of

5m/s. The discharge has 20cm WG and discharge velocity of 10 m/s.

Find the total head of the fan.

Answer 212.15 m

( hdw h sw ) w ( 0.2(0.05 ) ) ( 1000 )

h s=

=

=208.33 m

a

1.2

hv=

102 52

=3.82m

2 ( 9.81 )

h=208.33+ 3.82=212.15 m

10.

A pump discharges 150 litres per second of water to a height of

75m. If the efficiency is 75% and the speed of the pump is 1800 rpm,

what is the torque in N-m to which the drive shaft is subjected?

QH 9.81 ( 0.15 )( 75 )

P=

=

=147.15 kW

ep

0.75

147.15=

2 TN 2 T ( 1800 )

=

60

60

T =781 Nm

11.

For an ideal gas, what is most nearly the specific molar entropy

change during an isothermal process in which the pressure changes

from 200 kPa to 150kPa?

Answer 2.39 J/mol K

S=R ln

p2

150

J

=8.3143 ln

=2.39

p1

200

molK

12.

The piston displacement of a double acting compressor is 0.358

3

m /s delivers gas from 101.325 kPa and 300K to 675 kPa at the rate of

0.166m3/s at 150 rpm. Value of n for compression and expansion is

1.33. Find the compressor percent clearance.

Answer 16.96%

e v =1+cc

P2 1n V 1 0.166

= =

=0.4637

P1

V d 0.358

( )

0.4637=1+ cc

675

101.325

1

1.33

c=16.96

13.

A shaft is subjected to a steady load of 36000 in lb at a shear

stress of 10000psi. Compute the diameter of the said shaft in inches

Answer 2.636 in or 2 3/4in

D= 3

16T 3 16 ( 36000 )

=

=2.636

(10000 )( )

14.

A force of F = 15 lb is applied to the cord. Determine how high

the 30 lb block A rises in 2s starting from rest. Neglect the weight of

the pulleys and cords.

Answer 64.4 ft

30

a A =32.2

ft

s2

1

s= ( 32.2 ) ( 2 )2=64.4 ft

2

15.

Methane gas CH4, burns in air and release 192 kcal/mol.

Assuming a 90% efficient heat transfer, what mass in kg of ice at -17.8

C can be converted to water at 37.8C by burning 500 liters of methane

measured at 20.56 deg C and 1 atm.

Answer 28.6 grams

PV =n R T =101.325 ( 0.5 )=n ( 8.3143 ) ( 20.56+273 )

n=0.021mol of CH 4

Qch4 =Qice

192 ( 4.187 ) ( 0.021 )( 0.9 )=m(2.093 ( 0+17.8 ) +335+ 4.187 ( 37.8 ))

m=28.6 grams

1. An asset is purchased for P150000. Its estimated life is 10 years,

after which it will be sold for P20000. Find the depreciation for the

second year using the sum of the years digit method.

Answer 21272.73

n

10

SYD = ( n+1 )= (10+ 1 )=55

2

2

De p2 =

( 15000020000 ) (101 )

=21272.73

55

meters. If the speed of the pump is increased to attain a discharge

of 0.12 m3/s, what new kw power will be required?

Answer 135.6 kW

P1=0.1 ( 9.81 ) ( 80 )=78.48 kW

Q 1 N 1 0.1

= =

Q 2 N 2 0.12

P1 N 1

=

P2 N 2

( )

78.48

0.1

=

P2

0.12

( )

P2=135.6 kW

3. A single acting reciprocating pump with a diameter of 0.1 m and

stroke of 0.15 m, delivers water at a rate of 0.015 m 3/min. What is

the percentage slip it delivers at 15 rpm?

Answer 15.1%

3

2

0.01767 m

V D = D 2 ln= ( 0.1 ) ( 0.15 )( 15 ) =

4

4

min

Slip=

V dQ

=15.1

Vd

400 kJ/s, determine the power produced by the engine in kW

rk=

( 1+c )

=13.5

c

e=1

1

r

k1

k

=64.7

e=

Q A400

; Q A =1133.1 kW

QA

W =1133.1400=733.1 kW

5. A tensile stress of 56 MPa and a shear stress of 28 MPa are induced

in a brittle material whose allowable strength in a straight tension is

70 MPa. Determine the maximum tensile stress

Answer 67.6 MPa

56

56 2

max = + 28 2+

=67.6 MPa

2

4

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