30 views

Uploaded by Toni Lovegood

© All Rights Reserved

- 33 KV E pole design
- The General Bearing Capacity Equation
- Bearing Capacity Spt Graphs Report
- Foundation Notes
- STERA 3D USER MANUAL
- Derivation of Link Equations
- Bioenergetics
- Crane Girder 12m
- SpringTT Final 020212 (1)
- Ch12 Solution Manual Soil Mechanics and Foundations
- Analysis of Square and Rectangular Footings Subjected to Eccentric-Inclined Load Resting on Reinforced Sand
- 12773500++.pdf
- Comparison Table for Plastics
- Bearing Capacity Shear Wave (1)
- Axial Stop
- Strip Foundation
- Design of Mat - SD.ppt
- (3) block 3
- MMURO2
- Nirgun Final Doc

You are on page 1of 12

BEARING CAPACITY

In geotechnical engineering, bearing capacity is the capacity of soil to support the loads

applied to the ground. The bearing capacity of soil is the maximum average contact pressure

between the foundation and the soil which should not produce shear failure in the soil. Ultimate

bearing capacity is the theoretical maximum pressure which can be supported without failure;

allowable bearing capacity is the ultimate bearing capacity multiplied by a factor of safety.

Sometimes, on soft soil sites, large settlements may occur under loaded foundations without

actual shear failure occurring; in such cases, the allowable bearing capacity is based on the

maximum allowable settlement.

TERZAGHIS BEARING CAPACITY THEORY

Karl von Terzaghi was the first to present a comprehensive theory for the evaluation of

the ultimate bearing capacity of rough shallow foundations. This theory states that a foundation

is shallow if its depth is less than or equal to its width. Later investigations, however, have

suggested that foundations with a depth, measured from the ground surface, equal to 3 to 4 times

their width may be defined as shallow foundations

A. General Shear Failure (Dense Sand and Clay)

Ultimate Bearing Capacity

Square Footing

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.4B N

2. Circular Footing

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.3 B N

1.

Where:

qult = ultimate bearing capacity

c = cohesion of soil

= qu/2

qu = unconfined compressive strength

= unit weight of soil

q = Df

Nc , Nq, N = bearing capacity factors that are non dimensional and are only functions of the soil

friction angle

B = dimension of each side of foundation or for circular footing it is equal to its diameter.

= angle of internal friction

1.

Nq = tan2 ( 45 + /2 ) etan

2.

Nc = ( Nq 1) cot

3.

Ny = (Nq + 1) tan (1.4)

Allowable bearing capacity = qult/F.S.

Allowable load, all = (qult/F.S.)A

= (qult/F.S.)B2

Where F.S. = factor of safety (ranges from 3 to 4)

c = (2/3)c

tan = (2/3)tan

1. Strip Foundation

qult = 1.3cNc + q Nq + (1/2)BN

2. Square Footing

qult = 1.3cNc + q Nq + 0.4BN

3. Circular Footing

qult = 0.3cNc + q Nq + 0.4BN

where:

Nc , Nq, N = are modified bearing capacity factors which are obtained by using the value of

angle of friction .

Sample Problems:

1. A clayey soil has an unconfined compressive strength of 48kN/m3 and an angle of

friction of 25o.

Compute the Terzaghis bearing Capacity factor Nq

a.

Compute the Terzaghis bearing Capacity factor Nc.

b.

Compute the Terzaghis bearing Capacity factor Ny.

c.

Answers:

a.

Nq = tan2 ( 45 + /2 ) etan

= tan2 ( 45 + 25o/2 ) etan(25)

= 10.66

b.

Nc = ( Nq 1) cot

= (10.66 1) cot25o

= 20.72

c.

Ny = (10.66 +1) tan (1.4)( 25o)

= 8.16

2. A sandy soil having a cohesion of 24kPa has a bearing capacity factor Nq = 14.72.

a. Compute the value of the angle of internal friction of the sandy soil.

b. Compute the value of the bearing capacity factor Nc.

c. Compute the value of the bearing capacity factor Ny.

Answer:

a. Internal friction angle:

Nq = tan2 ( 45 + /2 ) etan

Trial and error: assume = 28 o

= Shift solve = 28 o

b. Nc = ( Nq 1) cot

= ( 14.72 1) cot28o

= 25.8

c. Ny = (Nq + 1) tan (1.4)

Ny = (14.72 + 1) tan (1.4)( 28o)

= 12.82

WATER TABLE

Case 1:

If water table is located so that D1 < Df. The factor q in the bearing capacity equations

takes the form:

q = D1 + D2 (sat w)

where:

q = effective surcharge

= unit weight of soil

Also the value of in the last term of the equations has to be replaced by = sat - w

Ground surface

D1

Df

Water table

D2

Use:

q = D1 + D2 (sat w)

Value of on the third term

= sat - w

Case 2:

For water table located so that d < B.

all

Ground surface

Df

B

d<B

Water table

Use:

q = Df

Value of on the third term

= (1/B) [( dry x d) + (sat - w)(B d)]

Case 3:

For water table located so that d > B. (the water will have no effect on the ultimate

bearing capacity).

all

Ground surface

Df

B

d>B

Water table

Use:

q = Df

Case 4:

For water table located at the bottom of foundation.

all

Ground surface

Df

Water table

B

Use:

q = Df

Value of on the third term

= sat - w

FACTOR OF SAFETY

- Generally, a factor of safety of 3 or more is applied to the ultimate soil bearing

capacity to arrive at the value of the allowable bearing capacity.

ALLOWABLE BEARING CAPACITY OF SHALLOW FOUNDATION

1. Gross allowable bearing capacity

qall = qult / F.S.

2. Net allowable bearing capacity

qall(net) = (qult - q)/ F.S.

where:

q = Df

ALLOWABLE LOAD CARRIED BY THE FOUNDATION

Ultimate bearing capacity is the theoretical maximum pressure which can be

supported without failure; allowable bearing capacity is the ultimate bearing

capacity divided by a factor of safety. Sometimes, on soft soil sites, large

settlements may occur under loaded foundations without actual shear failure

occurring; in such cases, the allowable bearing capacity is based on the maximum

allowable settlement.

qall = (qult / F.S.) x A

where: A = cross sectional area of footing

A= B2

2. Net allowable load

qall(net) = [(qult - q)/ F.S.] x A

where: A = cross sectional area of footing

A= B2

Sample Problems:

1. A square footing for a multinational bldg has its bottom 2.5m below the ground surface.

It has a dimension of 1.12m x 1.12m. Angle coefficient of soil is 28o. Unit weight of soil

is 16kN/m3 with cohesion of 22 kPa. It has a saturated unit weight of 18kN/m3, use F.S. =

3.

a. Compute the bearing capacity factor Ny.

b. Compute the net allowable bearing capacity of the soil if there is a water table at the

bottom side of the footing.

c. Compute the net allowable load that the footing could carry if there is a water table at

a depth of 0.80m from the bottom of the footing.

Answer:

a. Bearing Capacity factor Ny.

Nq = tan2 ( 45 + /2 ) etan

= tan2 ( 45 + 28o/2 ) etan(28)

= 14.72

Ny = (Nq + 1) tan (1.4)

Ny = ( 14.72 + 1) tan (1.4)( 28o)

= 12.82

b. Net allowable bearing Capacity

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.4BN

all

Use:

q = Df

= 16 (2.5)

= 40

Ground surface

= sat w

2.5

Df

m

Water table

B

1.12

m

= 18 9.81

= 8.19

Nc = ( Nq 1) cot

= (14.72 1) cot28o

= 25.80

Therefore:

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.4BN

= 1.3(22)(25.8) + (40)(14.72) + 0.4 (8.19)(1.12) (12.82)

= 1373.72kPa

Allowable

qall(net) = (qult - q)/ F.S. = (1373.72 40)/ 3 = 444.57 kPa

c. Net allowable load the footing could carry

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.4BN

Where:

q = (Unit weight of soil) Df

= (16 x 2.5)

= 40

= (1/B) [( dry x d) + (sat - w)(B d)]

= (1/1.12) [(16 x 0.8) + (18 9.81) (1.12 0.8)]

= 13.77 kN/m3

Therefore:

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.4BN

= 1.3 (22)(25.8) + (40)(14.72) + 0.4 (13.77)(1.12) (12.82)

= 1405.77kPa

Allowable

qall(net) = [ (qult - q)/ F.S.] x A = [(1405.77 40) /3] x (1.12x1.12) = 571.07 kN

Ground surface

2.50m

B = 1.12m

0.32m

0.80m

1.12m

1.12m

Water table

2. A square footing shown has a dimension of 1m x 1m has its bottom 2.5m below the

ground surface. Angle of friction of the soil foundation is 30o. Unit weight of soil is

18.1kN/m3 with cohesion of 15.7kN/m2. Saturated unit weight of soil is 19.3kN/m3.

Factor of safety is 3.0.

a. Compute the value of the bearing capacity factor Nq.

b. Compute the net allowable load that the footing could carry if the ground water table

is located 0.20m below the foundation footing.

c. Compute the net allowable load that the footing could carry if the ground water table

is located 1.2m below the ground surface.

Soultion:

a. Value of Nq

Nq = tan2 ( 45 + /2 ) etan

= tan2 ( 45 + 30o/2 ) etan(30)

= ____________

b. Net allowable load

Ny = (Nq + 1) tan (1.4)

Ny = (_____ + 1) tan (1.4)( 30o)

= _____________________

Nc = ( Nq 1) cot

= (14.72 1) cot30o

= _________________

Where:

q = Df

= (18.1 x 2.5)

= ________________

= (1/B) [( dry x d) + (sat - w)(B d)]

= (1/1.0) [(18.1 x 0.2) + (19.3 9.81) (1.0 0.2)]

= ________________________

Therefore:

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.4BN

= 1.3 (__)(____) + (____)(_____) + 0.4 (___)(____) (_____)

= _____________

Allowable

all(net) = [ (qult - q)/ F.S.] x A = _______________

P

Ground surface

2.50m

0.20m

1.0m

1.12m

Water table

B = 1.0m

0.8m

c. Net allowable load if the water table is at 1.2m below the ground surface.

q = ( x d) + (sat w) (d)

= (18.1 x 1.2) + (19.3 9.81)(1.3)

= ________________________

= sat w

= 19.3 9.81

=___________________

Therefore:

qult = 1.3c Nc + q Nq + 0.4BN

= 1.3 (__)(____) + (____)(_____) + 0.4 (___)(____) (_____)

= _____________

Allowable

qall(net) = [ (qult - q)/ F.S.] = _______________

net

Ground surface

1.2m

Water table

2.5m

2.5m

1.3m

1m

loads applied to the ground. The bearing capacity of soil is the maximum average

contact pressure between the foundation and the soil which should not produce

shear failure in the soil.

- 33 KV E pole designUploaded byGovind Babu Sri
- The General Bearing Capacity EquationUploaded bycivilsadiq
- Bearing Capacity Spt Graphs ReportUploaded byDusan Katic
- Foundation NotesUploaded byAnbarasan Sivaraj
- STERA 3D USER MANUALUploaded byRannie Ison
- Derivation of Link EquationsUploaded bySami Syed
- BioenergeticsUploaded byAll One Holistic
- Crane Girder 12mUploaded bytoylovechom
- SpringTT Final 020212 (1)Uploaded bymohommedaamir
- Ch12 Solution Manual Soil Mechanics and FoundationsUploaded bycesar1982g
- Analysis of Square and Rectangular Footings Subjected to Eccentric-Inclined Load Resting on Reinforced SandUploaded byOana
- 12773500++.pdfUploaded bymichgeb
- Comparison Table for PlasticsUploaded bysanjayraje
- Bearing Capacity Shear Wave (1)Uploaded byMohan Manickam
- Axial StopUploaded byanurag7878
- Strip FoundationUploaded byHalf-throttle Philip
- Design of Mat - SD.pptUploaded bySolomon Gyesus
- (3) block 3Uploaded byDaceu Wirasasmita
- MMURO2Uploaded byNOEL RODRIGUEZ
- Nirgun Final DocUploaded byNirgun Sherchan
- ObsUploaded byEl riza annaml
- WJ_1974_05_s192 5Uploaded byNasrul Adli
- 1-s2-5Uploaded byRobert Shaw
- Calculo de PropiedadesUploaded byFernando Llanos
- 1-s2.0-S0020768315002966-mainUploaded byHudson Morais
- Heat Engines and Carnot CycleUploaded byJatin Sharma
- Massively parallel computation of a full aircraft configuration with detached eddy simulation PPTUploaded bypraveensathya.india
- Project PptUploaded bySanjay Kumar
- Ejercicio 2 Geo SlopeUploaded byLuis Eduardo Leon Osorio
- Full 5916Uploaded bygunjandpatel05

- Fluid Mechanic AnswerUploaded byIser
- Common Practices on Policy Making in NGAsUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Presentation 1Uploaded byToni Lovegood
- 602Uploaded byToni Lovegood
- 7th Book of MosesUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Foundation 6Uploaded byToni Lovegood
- 304Uploaded byToni Lovegood
- FenceUploaded byToni Lovegood
- 7-Sanctity of MarriageUploaded byToni Lovegood
- WHO AM IUploaded byToni Lovegood
- 324994795-Deped-Estimate-pdf.pdfUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Meaning of Internal AuditUploaded byToni Lovegood
- SewerageUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Foundation 3Uploaded byToni Lovegood
- Circular Letter National Guidelines on Internal Control SystemsUploaded byresamatra
- Invitation Letter - Research Study DefenseUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Assignment No.1Uploaded byToni Lovegood
- 2-Love of God_Latest RevisionUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Exam ReviewerUploaded byToni Lovegood
- m2017ExamSched.pdfUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Procurement GuidelinesUploaded byToni Lovegood
- 3 Computation - EmergencyUploaded byToni Lovegood
- FWL 50%Uploaded byToni Lovegood
- Fwl Full InterestUploaded byToni Lovegood
- Vb6 PreviewUploaded byMohammed Alesayi
- surveying notesUploaded byJerson Limocon

- externalizationUploaded byapi-254961130
- Boltzmann Machine 3Uploaded byaasddef
- Life in-The-Last-Humanity - On the Speculative Ecology of Man, Animal, And PlantUploaded byOscar Pichardo Isaak
- SETI_ Determination of G_TUploaded byken
- Bayesian Statistics Explained to Beginners in Simple EnglishUploaded byramesh158
- Notes 2. on Headloss -In Piping SystemsUploaded byAngel Lisette Lao
- Engineering Economics Module 8Uploaded byDave Mulvihill
- sol2Uploaded byrookieanalytics
- Robotics (2)Uploaded by9944805552
- Neuromorphic Engineering Systems and ApplicationsUploaded bychetansingh84
- Determination of the Concrete Chloride Diffusion Coefficient Based OnUploaded bydimitrios25
- Programing manual STAR TSP700_800.pdfUploaded byKlema Hanis
- Contoh Soal Latihan Simple Present Tense Pilihan GandaUploaded bydarmiati_09
- Alkali MetalsUploaded byAngela Lamas
- packed towerUploaded byRimika Madan Kapoor
- Flexible AC Transmission System Modelling and Control - Chapter ThreeUploaded byHugo Queiroz
- Home Reading RTE-3 RT-3 groupsUploaded byRytisPilkauskas
- Breakthrough in Conformal Mapping_JUploaded byDante Freidzon
- 7RW80 Load Shedding (1)Uploaded byBambang Arie S
- Table 1Uploaded byraymark mendoza
- Oracle HRMS Fast FormulaUploaded bydiablo_buck
- dosyUploaded bySilloAntonio
- Geosteering Glossary _ Chinook Consulting ServicesUploaded bysendarnab
- Solucinario Serway 30Uploaded byLeonidas Miano
- Accessibility Analysis in GISUploaded byEliza Iovanas
- Demo Barrick Report con dronesUploaded byAlejandroFernández
- Pattern AnalysisUploaded byMohd Suhaimi
- Parts of Speech -Notes- 01Uploaded byAnonymous v5QjDW2eHx
- InTech-Demodulation Reference Signal Design and Channel Estimation for Lte Advanced UplinkUploaded byPravat Karki
- Gloria Stillman Applications and Modelling Research in Secondary Classrooms.pdfUploaded bykaskarait