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# Explanatory Notes for TEP050 Solutions for questions 1 and 2: f(x) = 1 – h(x) g(x) = 1 – k(x) h(x) = f(x) + 1 j(x) = g(x) + 1 k(x) = j(x) + 1 …..… ….…. …..… …….. …….. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 4.

If the shorter pole, (AC), has to subtend an angle greater than 30°, the selected point has to be to the left of G and if BD has to subtend an angle greater than 600 it has to be the right of E. EG The required probability = AB AG = 10 3 x ( 3 ) m = 30 m; let AB = d EG = AG + EB – AB = (30 + 20 – d) m = (50 – d) m EG 50 − d 1 ∴ = ≥ AB d 2 ⇒ 100 – 2d ≥ d Choice (1) ⇒ 100 ≥ 3d ⇒ d ≤ 331/3 Solutions for questions 5 to 8: In the first stage, each group has 8 teams and in each group a total of 8C2 games are played. ∴ In the first stage, the total games are 2 x 8C2 = 56. In the second round there are a total of 8 teams. The number of games played are 8 4 4 -----4 games | | 2 2 -----2 games | | 1 1 -----1 game ----------7 games ∴ Total number of games are 56 + 7 = 63 games. Choice (3) 6. To ensure that a team goes through to the second round let us assume the most possible scenario. (1) Let five teams get 6 points each. i.e. 5 x 6 = 30 points. But there are only 8C2 or 28 matches and only 28 points are possible in the 28 matches. (2) Let five teams get 5 points each. This is a possible case, since 5 x 5 = 25 and 25 < 28 Consider the table of outcomes given below: Let the teams in a group be A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H: A B C D E F G H A X B A X C A B X D D B C X E E E C D X F A B C D E X G A B C D E F X H A B C D E H G X In the above scenario, A, B, C, D and E all have 5 points each and since only 4 teams advance to the second stage, there is no guarantee that any of these teams make it into the next round even after winning 5 points. ∴ a minimum of 6 wins can guarantee a place in the next round. Choice (3) 5.

Solving for h(x) and f(x) from (1) and (3) (1) + (3) gives f(x) + h(x) = 1 – h(x) + f(x) + 1 ⇒ 2h(x) = 2 ⇒ h(x) = 1 ……….. (6) from (6) in (1) f(x) = 1 – 1 = 0 …... (7) Similarly solving (2), (4) and (5) for g(x), j(x) and k(x) we get g(x) = –1/2 ……….. (8) j(x) = 1/2, and ……. (9) k(x) = 3/2. ………… (10) Note: 1. all functions are constant.

⎛ 1 1 3⎞ ⎜− + + ⎟ ⎜ 2 2 2⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 1 1 3 ⎞⎛ 1 1 3 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ ⎜ − 2 + 2 + 2 ⎟⎜ − 2 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 2 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠

The expression given simplifies to = –8/3.

Choice (4) 2.

h(f(x)) + f(h(x)) h(f(x) + h(x))

=

1+ 0 1

=1

Choice (3)

**Solutions for questions 3 and 4: 3.
**

C

30°

D

A

60° 60°

E

x F

G B

d = 24 m.

Let the two flagposts be AC (10√3) and BD (20√3). ∴for any point on EF (which has a length of x) Rahul will see both the poles at an angle of elevation greater than or equal to 60° AF = BE =

10 3 3 10 3

m = 10 m

m = 20 m 3 ⇒ EF = AF + EB – EF = (10 + 20 – 24 ) m = 6 m ∴ probability that Rahul is on EF EF 6 1 = = = AB 24 4 Choice (2)

7.

From the previous solution, we see that it is possible for a team to win 5 matches and still be eliminated in the first round. Choice (2)

Since the winning team could have come into the second round after having won either 4, 5, 6 or 7 matches, we cannot be certain about the number of matches it won. Choice (4) Solutions for questions 9 to 23: 9. P leaves a remainder of 6 when divided by 11. ∴ P = 11Q1 + 6 → (1) (P + x ) is multiple of 11, ⇒ x is a perfect square ⇒ P + x = 11Q2 ⇒ 11Q1 + 6 + x = 11Q2 ⇒ 6 + x = 11(Q2 – Q1) = 11(Q3) x is also the cube of a positive integer. ⇒ x is the 6th power of some positive integer. ∴ x = 1 or 8 or 27 or 64 or 125 or 216. of the above values only 6 + 27 = 33 = 11 × 3 ⇒ x = 272 = 36 ⇒ 3 x = 9 Now least value of P such that P + 3 x is a multiple of 4 ⇒ 11Q1 + 6 + 9 is a multiple of 4 ⇒ Q1 = 3 Choice (4) ⇒ P = 11Q1 + 6 = 39

8.

∴(3 + 4) ways for 15 _ _ and (3 + 3) ways for _ 15 _ i.e. 13 ways. Now, if the number is like _ _ 15 then the first two digits are any two digit multiple of 3 i.e. from 12, 15, 18 ...... 99, i.e. 33 − 4 + 1 = 30 values of which 1 5 15 is already counted. ∴ 13 + 30 − 1 = 42 values. Choice (4) 13. (x + z) (x – 2y + z) = (x – z)2 ⇒ (x + z)2 – 2y(x + z) = (x – z)2 ⇒ (x + z)2 – (x – z)2 = 2y(x + z) ⇒ 4xz = 2xy + 2yz ⇒ 2/y = 1/z + 1/x ⇒ 1/x, 1/y, 1/z are in A.P. Choice (2) 14. Let them start at t = 0

12 km P 12 km 12 × 60 = 16 minutes to cover PR. 45 12 × 60 = 12 minutes to cover PR. 60 R Q

Mona takes Sona takes

10. A number to base n is divisible by (n + 1) if the sum of the digits in the odd places is either equal to or differs by a multiple of (n + 1) from the sum of the digits in the even places. (4147)8 is divisible by 9 since 4 + 4 = 1 + 7. Alternately: Divisor = (9)10 Dividend = (4147)8 Method 1: (4147)8 = 4(8)3 + 1(8)2 + 4(8) + 7 i.e., f(8) = 4(8)3 + 1(8)2 + 4(8) + 7 → (1) Divisor = (9)10 = 1(8) + 1 = (11)8 → (2) When f(x) is divided by (x + 1), the remainder is f(–1) Hence, remainder in this case is f(–1) = 4(–1)3 + 1(–1)2 + 4(–1) + 9 = 2. Method 2: (4147)8 = [4(8)3 + 1(8)2 + 4(8) + 7]10 = (4 x 512 + 1 x 64 + 4 x 8 + 7)10 = (2151)10 Divisor is (9)10, i.e., both are in base 10 system. Sum of digits of (2151)10 = 2 + 1 + 5 + 1 = 9, hence remainder = 0 Choice (1) 11. The minimum number of moves in which any team can achieve the objective is 6 moves, when there are 12 members per team. This can be done by turning around members 2 and 3 (1 move) followed by turning around members 3 and 4 (2nd move) and continuing that way. Choice (2) 12. The number must be divisible by 3 as well as 5. Case 1 : The number looks like (15 _ _ ) or (_15 _). a) The last digit is 5 ⇒ The other digit is 1, 4 or 7. b) The last digit is 0 ⇒ The other digit is 3, 6 or 9 (or 0 for 15 _ _ )

Since they are shuttling between R and their starting points, Mona will be at R at t = 16, 48, 80, 112,........ and Sona will be at R at t = 12, 36, 60, 84, 108, ...... For them to meet at R, there must be a common time in the above two series.⇒ 16(2k + 1) = 12(2m + 1) ⇒ 4(2k + 1) = 3(2m + 1). Since the LHS is an even number and RHS is odd number, there is no solution for the above equation i.e. Mona and Sona will never be at R at the same time. Choice (4) 15. Since one of the digits is the arithmetic mean of the other two, either all the digits are equal or no two digits are equal. When all the digits are equal the possibilities are 111 to 999 i.e. 9 possibilities. When no two are same, the possibilities, when the common difference is 1 are (0, 1, 2) to (7,8,9) i.e. 8 possibilities, when c.d is 2, (0.2.4) to (5, 7,9) i.e. 6 possibilities, when c.d. is 3, (0.3.6) to (3.6.9) i.e. 4 possibilities, when c.d. is 4, (0,4,8) and (1,5,9) i.e. 2 possibilities. i.e. a total of 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 = 20 ways of selecting the digits. The 3-digit numbers that can be formed with each selection is 3!. ∴a total of 20 × 6 = 120 numbers are possible. Out of these 8 numbers starting with 0, i.e. (024, 042, 036, 063, 048, 084, 012, 021) are to be excluded. ∴The total number of numbers which satisfied the given condition are 120 − 8 + 9 = 121 Choice (3)

16. The distances travelled by P, Q and R are AC, 2(AD) and (AD + OD + OC) respectively. Let AC = 2 ⇒ AO = 1 Let DO = x ⇒ AD = 1+ x 2 P covers AC (2 units) at 2 units of speed (from the ratio of speeds). R covers 1+ x 2 + x + 1 units at 3 units of speed and takes the same time as P took to cover AC. Hence, 1+ x + 1+ x 2 = 3

1+ x 2

⎛ 1 2 3⎞ ⎛1 2 3⎞ ⎛ 1 2 3⎞ ⎜ + + ⎟, ⎜ + + ⎟ = ⎜ + + ⎟ ⎝ 2 3 4⎠ ⎝3 4 2⎠ ⎝ 4 2 3⎠ = 23 : 28 : 27 ⇒ Amar is the fastest. Choice (1)

= 2 − x ⇒ 1 + x2 = (2 − x)2 ⇒ 4x = 3

3 4

⇒x=

⇒ DO =

3 4

, AD = 5

4 5 2

**Ratio of the speeds of P, Q, R = 2(AO) : 2(AD) : (AD + AO + OC) = 2 : :3 =4:5:6 When P, Q, R travel the same distance, the ratio of the time taken is
**

1 1 1 : : 4 5 6

20. The first carrier makes a trip every day and the second carrier makes one trip in 2 days and so on. Hence all the trucks will leave on the same day once every N days where N is the LCM of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. ⇒ N = 60. To dispatch a shipment of 50 tonnes in a day, all the trucks must leave together. ∴ If on the 7th of January all the trucks left together then every 60 days they will leave together (i.e. on the same day) then will be at most 366 – 7 = 359 days in 359 more days there can be at most 6 occasions like that. Choice (3) 21. a24 – a21 = (three times the common difference of the first A.P.) b97 – b100 = – (three times the common difference of the second A.P) ∴ given (c.d. of a1, a2, a3) ……. = – (c.d of b1, b2, b3.......) ∴ a2 + b2 will be same as a1 + b1 = 100 a3 + b3 will be same as a2 + b2 = 100 and so on. ∴The required sum i.e. (a1 + b100) + (a2 + b99)+…..(a100 + b1) can be rewritten as (a1 + b1)+(a2 + b2)+…. (a100 + b100) = 100 + 100 …… (100 times) = 100 (100) = 10,000 Choice (4) 22. Let x be the number of apples left after the 7th boy has taken his share. Since, the every boy takes half apple more than half the number of available apples, the number of apples left will be half less than half the number of apples. So, we can observe that the apples left and apples taken by the nth boy differ by one. n Apples left after Apples taken nth boy takes his by the nth boy share 7 x x+1 6 2x + 1 2x + 2 5 4x + 3 4x + 4 4 8x + 7 8x + 8 3 16x + 15 16x + 16 2 32x + 31 32x + 32 1 64x + 63 64x + 64 Initial 128x + 127 ----------Total apples taken from box = 127x + 127 = 127 (x + 1) Given that 127 (x + 1) = 635 ⇒ x = 4 ∴ Apples left after 5th boy takes his share = 4x + 3 = 4 x 4 + 3 = 19 Choice (2)

= 15 : 12 : 10 Choice (3)

17. The side of the largest cubes into which the cubord can be cut is the H.C.F of (5.2, 13, 39) or 2.6 m Number of cubes formed = 5.2 ( 13) (39) = 150 (2.6)(2.6)(2.6) Surface area of each cube = 6 (2.6)² = 6 (6.76) sq.m Total surface area of all such cubes formed is (150)(6)(6.76) or 6084 sq.m Choice (4) 18. Let the final number of chocolates with each of them be x. A B C Final → n n n Just before C gives Just before B gives Just before A gives

2n 3 4n 9

35n 27

2n 3

13n 9

5n 3

10n 9 20n 27

26n 27

**(or initial) ∴ the total number of chocolates = 3n and
**

35n , 27 26n 20n and 27 27

are all integers ⇒ n is a

multiple of 27. ∴ minimum value of n = 27 ⇒ 3n = 81. Choice (2) 19. The data is tabulated below. OP PQ QR Amar 2V1 3V2 4V3 Akbar 3V1 4V2 2V3 Antony 4V1 2V2 3V3 Given, the speeds of Amar for these three legs were in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 4. ⇒ V1 = V2 = V3 = V = 1 (say) As OP : PQ : QR = 1 : 2 : 3, the ratio of the time taken by Amar, Akbar and Antony is

Solutions for questions 23 to 27: 23. Population in 1951-52 = 100 lacs Population in 1959-60 = 180 lacs (Increase of 10 lacs / yr) Number of people above Poverty line in 1951-52 55 = 55 lacs = 100 × 100 Number of people above Poverty line (PL) in 1959-60 50 = 90 lacs = 180 × 100 Percentage increase in people above Poverty line from 1951-52 to 1959-60 35 = Choice (3) × 100 = 63% 55 Let us assume that the population is 100 X Number of people below PL in 1951-52 45 = 45X = 100X × 100 108 Central sector is = × 100 = 30% 360 ∴Number of people below PL in Central sector in 1951-52 30 = 13.5 X = 45X × 100 Similarly, number of people below PL in Southern sector in 1966-67 (since Southern sector is 54° it corresponds to 15%) 62 15 × = 100X × = 9.3 X 100 100 ∴The Central sector is more than the Southern sector by 4 .2 X × 100 ~ 45% Choice (4) = 9.3X

25 = 12 X 100 Similarly, the number of people below PL living in villages in 1970-71 is 52 60 = 31.2 X = 100 X × × 100 100 ∴Total number of people living in villages in 1970-71 = 12 X + 31.2 X = 43.2 X. Choice (1)

= 48 X ×

Solutions for questions 28 to 30: 28. For company A, number of articles made 35 × 10 7 = 700 selling price of each article 35 × 10 7 45 x 107 ÷ = Rs. 900 700 63 x 800 < 900 S.P for company B 64 54 x 1100 = 900 for C = 66 36 for D = x 1900 = 1200 Choice (4) 57 29. Productivity for

A= 35 290 B= 64 66 57 45 C= D= E= 295 298 283 285

24.

**By observation A < E < D < B < C The descending order is CBDEA. Choice (3)
**

30. Installed capacity 100 35 × = ≈ 12.5 for A = 42 700 100 64 × = 20 for B = 40 800 100 66 × = ≈ 11 for C = 55 1100 100 57 for D = × =≈9 38 1900 100 45 × = ≈ 14 for E = 36 900 Solutions for questions 31 to 35: 31. Let total number of graduates = 4x The number of students in 1st or 2nd year B.Sc

25. Out of 50% of people below poverty level, 70% of them are in the Central, East and West sectors ⎡180 + 72 + 72 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥ 360 ⎣ ⎦ This reduced by 50% ⇒ 35% of them are now above poverty line. ⇒ 35% of 50% are above poverty line. = 17.5% Already 50% are there above poverty line. Hence, total percentage above poverty line = 50 + 17.5 = 67.5% Choice (4) 26. The graph only talks of the percentage of people above the poverty line but does not specify the population, hence the year in which the country had the maximum NUMBER of people below poverty line cannot be determined. Choice (4) 27. Percentage of people above PL in 1970-71 = 48% ∴Number of people above PL in 1970-71 48 = 48 X = 100 X × 100 ∴Number of people above PL living in villages in 1970-71

Choice (2)

= 4x

⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ 4x ⎜ ⎟ ⎜1 − ⎟ = ⎜ 4 ⎟⎜ 5 ⎟ 5 ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎝

**The number of students in ME final year = x (1/5) (1/2) = x/10 ∴ratio = 4/5 : 1/10 = 40 : 5 = 8 : 1. Choice (4)
**

32. Total Graduates = 4x(say)

Graduates in final year = 4x Total Post Graduates = x

⎛ 1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜5⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜2⎟ ⎝ ⎠

**Post Graduates in final year = x
**

4 x 13 x+ = x 5 2 10

**∴Total Final year graduates or post graduates = ∴ ⎛ 13 x ⎞ ÷ ( 4x + x ) x 100 = 26% ⎟ ⎜
**

⎝ 10 ⎠

Choice (3)

33. Total ME students = 15000 ×

20 = 3000 100

1st year ME students = 3000 × 1 = 1500 Total BE students

2 15 = 60000 × = 9000 100

**Total BE students in Final year = 9000 x 1/5 = 1800 Those who completed = 1800 x
**

100 − 15 100

= 1530

The person between Praneet and Prem must be one out of Prakash and Pavan. In that case, either Praneet or Prem must be the Tennis gold medalist. It is already given that Praneet is the gold medalist in Running. ⇒ Prem is the Tennis gold medalist. Now the following arrangement can be made. Praneet Pavan (or) Prem Pavan (or) Prakash Prakash (Running) (Long Jump) (Tennis)

Statement I If Pavan is the gold medalist in High Jump, Prakash is the gold medalist in Long Jump. ⇒ Pradeep is the Boxing gold medalist. Statement II If Pavan is the Long Jump gold medalist,one of Prakash and Pradeep is the boxing gold medalist. But we cannot surely know the name.

Statement III

**Total BE students who don’t get the ME seats = 1530 – 1500 = 30 Choice (3)
**

34. Total number of students pursuing BA

= 60,000 ×

10 = 6000 100 = 6000 × 1 = 1200 5

Final year BA students

**% of Final year BA students passing = 90% ∴90% of 1200 = 1080 Choice (4)
**

35. Among the students in their Final year postgraduation 78% of more complete their course, in each of the individual courses. ∴ Answer should be more than 78% choice (1) and (2) can be eliminated. Now we can see that only MD students who form just 3% of the total have more than 95% rate of completion, while for most cases it is about 85%. ∴ Answer should be much less than 95% Choice (4) Solutions for questions 36 and 37:

In this case, Pradeep must be to the right end of the row and is the boxing gold medalist. Hence, we see that the statement I or III give us the desired combination, whereas statement II does not provide us with the same. Choice (3)

Solutions for questions 39 to 41: 39. Either Wasim or Lara plays Poker.

Choice (4)

40. It can be observed from the table that Jonty pays Rs.5 lakhs for pushups and plays Marbles. Choice (3) 41. Steve pays Rs.5,000, not Rs.500, for Yoga. Choice (3) Solutions for questions 42 to 44: 42. Statement A alone: We need the selling prices (or a relationship among the selling prices) also. Statement B alone: We need a relationship among the cost prices. Using both statements together, if the cost price of the TV is more than the VCR and he made a profit of P percent on the TV and also loss of P percent on the VCR then the loss amount he made on VCR (which costs less than on the TV) will be less than the profit amount on the TV. ∴Using both statements together we can answer the question. Choice (3) 43. Given 165 is divided into two perfect squares and one perfect cube. The possibilities are (100, 1, 64), (100, 64, 1), (4, 36, 125) and (121, 36, 8). From statement A we have, the one of the two perfect square as 36. There are two possibilities for this (4, 36, 125) and (121, 36, 8). ∴ statement A alone is not sufficient From statement B we have the greatest of the three parts is perfect cube. So, the only possibility is (4, 36, 125). ∴ Statement B alone is sufficient Choice (1)

It is given that Pritam purchases 25 packs for 25 rupees. Since the number of packs are 25, he has to purchase the maximum of Kurkure and minimum of Uncle Chipps and Cream Wafers. This results in only one unique combination as given below. Cream wafers – 1 pack = 5/Uncle Chipps – 2 packs = 5/Time Pass – 8 packs = 8/Kurkure – 14 packs = 7/Total Packs = 25 Total Amount = 25/36. Uncle Chipps as a percentage of Time Pass = 2/8 x 100 = 25% Choice (2) 37. Two most popular items = Kurkure and Time Pass Two least popular items = Cream Wafers and Uncle Chipps Kurkure + Time pass = 22 Uncle Chipps + Cream wafers = 3 Choice (4) ∴22 – 3 = 19 Solutions for questions 38: 38. Let us write down the conditions in short form. I. Praneet Long Jump Prem (Running) Gold medalist II. Prakash Tennis Pavan Gold medalist

44. From statement A, we can find the number of days A takes to complete the work and hence we can find the daily earnings of A as 36000/(No. of days A takes to complete the work) From statement B, we have the rate of A and B, but not that of C. ∴ statement B alone is not sufficient. Choice (1) Solutions for questions 45 to 50:

53. The keyword in 1 is ‘he’ and this connects with ‘he thought’ in D hence D follow 1. ‘Much more …….. living’ in C continues the euphoric mood generated by ‘wild with joy’ in D. ‘Reason to life’ in B gives substance to the thought in C and hence B follows C ‘Lift’ in A links to ‘free; and ‘fly’ in 6. Choice (3) 54. Sentence 1 talks of ‘avoiding an argument’. C gives a reason as to why it should be avoided and hence C follows 1. ‘Win’ in B connects with ‘win’ in C and moreover B shows the paradoxical loss that one encounters by indulging in an argument. A gives us a way out by suggesting that the best way to win is to avoid the argument itself and hence A follows B. D gives an example to subtantiate this logic hence D comes last. 6 answers the question posed in D. Choice (4) 55. The keywords in 1 are ‘character changes shape’. 1 talks of the transformation that the characters undergo in Greek myths. C provides substance to the statement in 1 by giving an example of ‘Halcyon and Ceyx’. A shows the wrath of the gods on Halcyon and Ceyx for having dared to call themselves Hera and Zeus. ‘Waves’ in D connects with ‘sea-birds’ in A and hence D follows A. B gives a reason as to why Aeolus keeps the waves calm and hence B follows D. Choice (3) Solutions for questions 56 to 61: 56. The given sentence is a general statement, which should be in present tense. The prepositional phrases, ‘after having studied’ and ‘by having studied’ denote a completed action. ‘After studying’ lays stress on time, whereas in the context of the sentence, the stress is on the means of studying. Hence, ‘by studying’ is correct. Choice (3) 57. The sentence denotes three past actions. So, all the three verbs should be in past tense. On the basis of this, choices (1) and (2) are eliminated (touches, fastens). Choice (3) is incorrect as the relative pronoun is redundant. Choice (4) is correct. Choice (4) 58. Scatter with liberal hands is correct. So, we rule out choices (1) and (4). Choice (3) is grammatically incorrect – coin cannot be singular since twenty thousand people are mentioned and the definite article ‘the’ is missing before things. Choice (2) 59. ‘Stood looking with’ is correct structure. So, we eliminate choice (1), which has ‘looked’ in it and choices (2) and (3), which have ‘in’ after looking. Choice (4) is correct. Choice (4) 60. ‘Sat at my desk watching’ conveys the meaning correctly. ‘Watched’ denotes a completed action, whereas the action was in progress in the past. Hence, ‘watching’ should be used. There should be an adjective before desk. Hence, choice (4) is correct. Choice (4)

This passage talks of how orthodoxy was patronised and propounded by Imam Ghazali and how this led to the intellectual degeneration of Muslims.

45. The keyword here is orthodoxy and the word that best fits would be ‘rekindled’ which means to arouse or ignite. Choice (1) 46. The clue word orthodoxy points to the fact that a negative word should qualify Science and Mathematics as they are considered to be anti Islam. The word that fits here is ‘denounced’ which means to condemn. Choice (2) 47. Science and Mathematics were condemned because they had an influence on the mind and thereby weakened the faith. The best word to describe the influence is ‘intoxicants’. Choice (4) 48. From the passage we know that Islam was caught up in orthodoxy, which leads to a degeneration of the religion. ‘Faltered’ and ‘Festered’ both seem likely choices but on account of the degree, fester which means to stagnate and rot is the better choice. Choice (4) 49. The keyword here is ‘out’ and the only word that goes with it would be ‘petered’ which means diminished. Choice (2) 50. As intolerance crept into Islam it became isolated as its interactions with other faiths decreased. The word that best expresses this meaning is insular. Choice (3) Solutions for questions 51 to 55: 51. Sentence 1 introduces us to a hypothetical situation of a ten-dollar bill indulging in a conversation. C which is an exclamation naturally follows 1. As per the choices A comes next. A talks of skipping the autobiography and D talks of the kind of persons who could skip it and hence follows A. ‘Small change’ in B connects with ‘silver quarter’ in 6 hence B should precede 6. Choice (2) 52. Sentence 1 talks of Manipuri which is a dance form of Manipur. The keyword here is ‘dance’ and it is found in A as well as D and both appear to be equally good sentence to follow 1. So we look for links between other sentences. B talks of a ‘costume’ embroidered with shining ‘mica’ pieces and C which talks of ‘gleam’ refers to these pieces, hence the correct choice would contain B followed by C. Only choice 1 conforms to this and is our answer. Choice (1)

61. ‘Description of the separated realities’ is the right phrase. So, choices (1), (2) and (3) are incorrect for they have ‘reality, for, descriptive’ respectively. Choice (4) Solutions for questions 62 to 66: 62. The basic point in this question is to identify the claim being made by the minister, which is that the dam would bring more prosperity than relocation would. Prosperity would be desired only when the people are poor and do not have sources of livelihood. Therefore the fact that the villagers were poor and did not have enough sources of livelihood support the minister's claim. Choice (2) 63. As per the passage heuristic methods are applicable in all areas where the effort required to calculate the optimum solution is very high and this is compounded by the fact that the input data may not be accurate. We are asked to choose an example where heuristic methods cannot be applied. A 6 color, 9 part cube has a very small number of outcomes and could be solved quite easily and this does not fit the criteria whereby a heuristic method could be deployed. This is not the case when one draws water from a well and also while scheduling trains which though they have a large number of permutations are always finite in number and require a lot of computational power and hence heuristic methods are applicable. Betting on the outcome of a cricket match also involves a lot of possible outcomes and the input data is always changing and very inaccurate. Hence, this also comes under the purview of heuristic methods. ∴ The 6 color, 9 part cube is the only exception and is our answer. Choice (1) 64. This passage talks of the opportunistic ways of industry which jumped on to the band wagon of the ‘green’ revolution and have since abandoned the slogan as this fad died out. This attitude shows that corporates are only looking for ways to maximise their gains. We are looking for a choice which best symbolises this corporate double standards. Choices (1) and (3) infact show environmental friendly companies and their contribution to the environment hence, they are not the examples that we are looking for. Choice (4) is only a general statement about ‘XYZ’ company and does not reflect corporate double standard and its affinity towards maximising its gains. P and G has switched over to environmental packaging for which it charges a little extra thereby passing the buck to the consumers eventually. Its lack of commitment is evident from the fact that it also has non-environmental friendly packaging which costs a little less. This example best illustrates corporate focus on bottom line. Choice (2)

65. The conclusion drawn is that our ancestors were very clean. This conclusion is made on the basis of the primitive people seen today who are very clean. We are asked to dispute this conclusion. One way to do this would be to undermine the credibility of the facts on the basis of which the conclusion was drawn. Choice (2) which states that not all primitive people seen today are clean, disputes the very fact on which the conclusion is made and hence is our answer. Choice (2) 66. The passage decribes a ‘Kathakar’. We are looking for essential qualities in a Kathakar. Choice (1) which is about ‘ability to memorise’ is necessary in the light of the passage which says that ‘his movements ………tongue’. (2) and (3) also follow in a similar way from the passage. Choice (4) Solutions for questions 67 and 68: 67. The paragraph brings to light an apparent paradox which is that on the one hand we have a severe shortage of labour and on the other there is widespread unemployment in the country. The reason given for this kind of paradox is that there is mismatch in what skills the employers are looking for and what are infact possessed by the labour force. It also states that the blame for this mismatch should go to our educational system. Given that the formal schooling puts low stress on technical education, the additional input required to say that our educational system needs to be revised is the fact that what the industry requires is just the opposite i.e. people with high amount of technical skills. This is what is specified in (3) and is our answer. Choice (3) 68. To prove that the unemployment figures are inflated we need to show that a lot of double counting has taken place or that the process of counting itself is flawed. (2) states that unemployment figures take into account all those people who were unemployed even for a day. If this be the case a lot of people who are presently employed could be part of the figures thus giving rise to inflated figures. Hence this is our answer. Choice (2) Solutions for questions 69 to 78: 69. Para 5 states that babies judge the whole world from their own standpoint. Choice (2) 70. Para 3 clearly states that the sense universe is a part of the infinite spiritual universe and you can’t understand it without knowing the beyond. Choice (1) 71. Choice C (though true) is not a concept of religion. A and B are stated in para 4 and D in para 5. Choice (3)

72. “........... infinite spiritual universe projected into the plane of consciousness" means applying the spiritual universe to the sense universe. Choice (4) 73. In para 2, second line says ........ "why struggle for that infinite unknown"? Choice (1) 74. Sir Martin has not colluded (conspired) with the publishers; hence choice (4) can be ruled out. The intention is not to deceive the public hence (3) can be ruled out. Choice (2) though true is not in itself a sin. Choice (1) states clearly Sir Martin's ‘sin’ - the desire to arouse interest to gain readership. Choice (1) 75. Refer to para 5. The invisible hand does not refer to the policies made (choice 1) nor to the pollution (2). It refers to the present state of the market (not environment as stated in

**choice (4)) that has led to environmental degradation. Choice (3)
**

76. Para 8 says we can’t draw lines between people and the animals and plant world. (supports A). The same para says’... biodiversity can pay for itself through benign systems of sustainable extraction .....’ (supports B and C). Choice (3) 77. Para 9 supports all the choices.

Choice (4)

78. Choice A is stated in para 2, choice B is stated in para 4. Choice C is false because Mr Ian Swingland edited the articles (we do not know if he was a scientist at the Royal Society). D is also false because the passage says the greens were against genetically modified crops (not necessarily against everything that is not natural). Choice (1)

Key for TEP0509

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