Hurdle 55 | Speed | Odds

# QUESTIONS

Q-1

What is the highest power of 7 in 5000!? (5000! means factorial 5000) (1) 4998 (2) 714 (3) 832 (4) 816

Q-2

What is the reminder when 91 + 92 + 93 + ...... + 99 is divided by 6? (1) 0 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) None of these

Q-3

When 242 is divided by a certain divisor the remainder obtained is 8. When 698 is divided

by the same divisor the remainder obtained is 9. However, when the sum of the two numbers 242 and 698 is divided by the divisor, the remainder obtained is 4. What is the value of the divisor? (2 ) (4 )

(1) 11

17

(3) 13

23

Q-4

Let n be the number of different 5 digit numbers, divisible by 4 with the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

and 6, no digit being repeated in the numbers. What is the value of n? (2 ) (4 )

(1) 144

168

(3) 192

None of these

Q-5

When a number is divided by 36, it leaves a remainder of 19. What will be the remainder

when the number is divided by 12? (2 ) (4 )

(1) 10

7

(3) 11

None of these

Q-6

What is the remainder when 9^1 + 9^2 + 9^3 + .... + 9^8 is divided by 6? (2 ) (4

(1) 3 (3) 0

2 5

) Q-7 A merchant mixes three varieties of rice costing Rs.20/kg, Rs.24/kg and Rs.30/kg and sells

the mixture at a profit of 20% at Rs.30 / kg. How many kgs of the second variety will be in the mixture if 2 kgs of the third variety is there in the mixture? (1) 1 kg Q-8 (2 ) 5 kgs (3 ) 3 kgs (4 ) 6 kgs

A sample of x litres from a container having a 60 litre mixture of milk and water containing

milk and water in the ratio of 2 : 3 is replaced with pure milk so that the container will have milk and water in equal proportions. What is the value of x? (2 ) (4 )

(1) 6 litres

10 litres

(3) 30 litres

None of these

Q-9

Two cogged wheels of which one has 32 cogs and other 54 cogs, work into each other. If

the latter turns 80 times in three quarters of a minute, how often does the other turn in 8 seconds? (1) 48 (2) 135 (3) 24 (4) None of these

Q-10

The proportion of milk and water in 3 samples is 2:1, 3:2 and 5:3. A mixture comprising of

equal quantities of all 3 samples is made. The proportion of milk and water in the mixture is (2 ) (4 )

(1) 2:1

5:1

(3) 99:61

227:133

Q-11

A, B and C enter into a partnership by investing Rs.3600, Rs.4400 and Rs.2800. A is a

working partner and gets a fourth of the profit for his services and the remaining profit is divided amongst the three in the rate of their investments. What is the amount of profit that B gets if A gets a total of Rs. 8000? (2 ) (4 )

(1) 4888.88

9333.33

(3) 4000

3666.66

Q-12

An express train traveling at 72 km/hr speed crosses a goods train traveling at 45 km/hr

speed in the opposite direction in half a minute. Alternatively, if the express train were to overtake the goods train, how long will it take to accomplish the task. Assume that the trains continue to travel at the same respective speeds as mentioned in case 1. (1) Cannot be determined (2) 30 seconds (3) 150 seconds (4) 130 seconds

Q-13

A man goes from city A to city B situated 60 kms apart by a boat. His onward journey

was with the stream while the return journey was an upstream journey. It took him four and half hours to complete the round trip. If the speed of the stream is 10 km/hr, how long did it take him to complete the onward journey? (1) 3 hours Q-14 (2) 3.5 hours (3) 2.25 hours (4) 1.5 hours

30% of the men are more than 25 years old and 80% of the men are less than or equal to

50 years old. 20% of all men play football. If 20% of the men above the age of 50 play football, what percentage of the football players are less than or equal to 50 years? (1) 15% (2 ) 20% (3 ) 80% (4 ) 70%

Q-15

When processing flower-nectar into honeybees' extract, a considerable amount of water

gets reduced. How much flower-nectar must be processed to yield 1kg of honey, if nectar contains 50% water, and the honey obtained from this nectar contains 15% water?

(1) 1.5 kgs

(2 ) (4 )

1.7 kgs

(3) 3.33 kgs

None of these

16 (1) (2) (3) (4)

17 Who said “Some books are to be tasted others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and (1) (2) (3) (4) 18 (1) (2) (3) digested”? Francis Bacon H G Wells John Steinbeck Isaac Asimov How many moons (satellites) does the planet Saturn have? Twelve Ten Eight

(4) Twenty one 19 (1) (2) (3) (4) 20 (1) (2) (3) (4) 21 (1) (2) (3) Which country is called the ‘Land of cakes’? Britain Spain France Scotland Which is the birth place of Hitler? Prussia Hungary Austria France One of the following countries has compulsory military service for women? Phillippines Israel Finland

(4) New Zealand 22 (1) (2) (3) (4) 23 (1) (2) (3) (4) 24 (1) (2) (3) (4) 25. (1) (2) (3) (4) Which is the last letter of the Greek alphabet? Omega Sigma Zeta Chi What is the other name for River Ganges? Sapthanadhi Bhageerathi Savithri Bhadravathi In which year did Hitler become the Chancellor of Germany? 1919 1929 1933 1939 Which is the largest flightless bird? Ostrich Dodo Albatross Peahen The closing of small, inexpensive hospitals while large expensive hospitals remain open

Q-26

seems a luxury that we can no longer afford in order to maintain them. A. B. C. D. seems to emphasize luxury over economy, which we can no longer afford. seems to be a waste of valuable resources. seems a luxury we can no longer afford. seems too luxurious to be any longer affordable.

Q-27

The ancient question of the exact difference between plants and animals, which

was so complicated with the discovery of microscopic members of both groups, was somewhat sidestepped with the establishment of a third phylum, the Protista, reserved just for them A. B. C. D. consisting only of them inhabited only by them which includes all microscopic life which would have included all microscopic plants and animals

Q-28

The

Lake Manyara

Park in

Tanzania affords the visitor with

unequalled

opportunities to photograph lions playing in trees without the aid of telephoto lenses. A. lenses. B. C. D. The Lake Manyara -Park in Tanzania gives the visitor the unequalled The visitor to the Lake Manyara Park in Tanzania has the unequalled Even without the aid of telephoto lenses, the visitor to Tanzania's Lake opportunity to photograph lions playing in trees without telephoto lenses. opportunity to photograph lions playing in trees without the aid of telephoto lenses. Manyara Park has an unequalled opportunity to photograph lions playing in trees. Q29 bright. In this particular job we have discovered that to be diligent is more important than being The Lake Manyara Park in Tanzania permits the visitor unequalled

opportunities to photograph lions playing in trees without the aid of telephoto

(1) by being diligent is important than being bright. (2) being diligent is more important than being bright. (3) diligence is more important than brightness. (4) for one to be diligent is more important than being bright.

Q-30

No one but him could have told them that the king was I.

(1)

he could have told them that the king was me.

(2) him could have told them the king was me. (3) he could have told them that the king was I. (4) him could have told them that the king was I.

Q-31

If she were I, she would have accepted the prize had she won it.

(1) was I, she would have accepted the prize if she had won it. (2) was I, she would have accepted the prize she had won. (3) were I, she would have accepted the prize if she would have won it.

(4) were I, she would have accepted the prize had she won it.

ANS-1 5000! = 5000 * 4999 * 4998 * 4997 * ............ 1. Between 1 and 5000, there are numbers which will be divisible by 7, 72, 73 and 74 .

There are = 714 numbers that are exactly divisible by 7 between 1 and 5000. So there are 714 Sevens contained in these numbers.

There are = 102 numbers that are exactly divisible by 49 between 1 and 5000. These numbers are also a part of the 714 numbers. But we add it again because they are divisible by 72 and hence to account for the second 7 in these numbers.

There are = 14 numbers that are divisible by 343 (i.e73) between 1 and 5000. These numbers will be a part of the earlier 714 and 102 - however, we add these 14 numbers to account of the third power of seven in these numbers.

And finally, there are

= 2 numbers that are divisible by 2401 (i.e. 74).

Therefore, there will be a total of 714 + 102 + 14 + 2 = 832 sevens contained in the value 5000! Hence the highest power of 7 in 5000! is 832.

ANS-2

Solution: Any number that is divisible by ‘6' will be a number that is divisible by both ‘2' and ‘3'. i.e. the number should an even number and should be divisible by three (sum of its digits should add to a multiple of ‘3').

Any number that is divisible by ‘9' is also divisible by ‘3' but unless it is an even number it will not be divisibly by ‘6'.

In the above case, ‘9' is an odd number. Any power of ‘9' which is an odd number will be an odd number which is divisible by ‘9'.

Therefore, each of the terms 91, 92 etc are all divisibly by ‘9' and hence by ‘3' but are odd numbers. Any multiple of ‘3' which is odd when divided by ‘6' will leave a reminder of ‘3'.

For example 27 is a multiple of ‘3' which is odd. 27/6 will leave a reminder of ‘3'. Or take 45 which again is a multiple of ‘3' which is odd. 45/6 will also leave a reminder of ‘3'.

Each of the individual terms of the given expression 91 + 92 + 93 + ...... + 99 when divided by 6 will leave a reminder of ‘3'. There are 9 such terms. The sum of all the reminders will therefore be equal to 9*3 = 27.

27/6 will leave a reminder of ‘3'.

ANS-3

Solution: Let the divisor be d. When 242 is divided by the divisor, let the quotient be 'x' and we know that the remainder is 8. Therefore, 242 = xd + 8 Similarly, let y be the quotient when 698 is divided by d. Then, 698 = yd + 9. 242 + 698 = 940 = xd + yd + 8 + 9 940 = xd + yd + 17 As xd and yd are divisible by d, the remainder when 940 is divided by d should have been 17.

However, as the question states that the remainder is 4, it would be possible only when remainder of 4. If the remainder obtained is 4 when 17 is divided by d, then d has to be 13.

leaves a

ANS-4

Solution: Test of divisibility by 4 is that the last two digits are divisible by 4. Case 1 : When the last 2 digits are 12 _ _ _ 12 = 4 * 3 * 2 = 24 numbers Case 2 : When the last 2 digits are16 => 24 numbers Case 3 : When the last 2 digits are 24 => 24 numbers Case 4 : When the last 2 digits are 32 => 24numbers Case 5 : When last 2 digits are 36 => 24 numbers Case 6 : When last 2 digits are 52 => 24 numbers Case 7 : When last 2 digits are 56 => 24 numbers Case 8 : When last 2 digits are 64 => 24 numbers Total = 8 * 24 = 192

ANS-5

Solution:

Let the number be 'a'. When 'a' is divided by 36, let the quotient be 'q' and we know the remainder is 19

=>

and remainder is 19

=> a = 36q + 19 when a is divided by 12, we get

=> 36q is perfectly divided by 12 Therefore, remainder = 7 ANS-6 Correct Answer - (3)

Solution: 6 is an even multiple of 3. When any even multiple of 3 is divided by 6, it will leave a remainder of 0. Or in other words it is perfectly divisible by 6. On the contrary, when any odd multiple of 3 is divided by 6, it will leave a remainder of 3. For e.g when 9 an odd multiple of 3 is divided by 6, you will get a remainder of 3. 9 is an odd multiple of 3. And all powers of 9 are odd multiples of 3. Therefore, when each of the 8 powers of 9 listed above are divided by 6, each of them will leave a remainder of 3. The total value of the remainder = 3 + 3 + .... + 3 (8 remainders) = 24. 24 is divisible by 6. Hence, it will leave no remainder. Hence the final remainder when the expression 9^1 + 9^2 + 9^3 + ..... + 9^8 is divided by 6 will be equal to '0'.

ANS -7

Solution: If the selling price of mixture is Rs.30/kg and the merchant makes a profit of 20%, then the cost

price

of

the

mixture

=

=

Rs.25/kg.

We need to find out the ratio in which the three varieties are mixed to obtain a mixture costing Rs.25 /kg.

Let variety A cost Rs.20/kg, variety B cost Rs.24 / kg and variety C cost Rs.30/kg. The mean desired price falls between B and C.

Step

1:

Find

out

the

ratio

QA

:

QC

using

alligation

rule.

Step

2:

Find

out the

the

ratio required

QB

:

QC

using =

alligation 1

rule. : 5 : 2 mixture.

Step 3: QC is found by adding the value of QC in step 1 and step 2 = 1 + 1 = 2 Therefore, in ratio the If there are 2 kgs of the third variety in the mixture, then there will be 5 kgs of the second variety

Note: This is a problem to be skipped, at least in the first go. If you were able to solve at least 30 other problems in quant, then you should look at this problem.

ANS-8

Solution: The best way to solve this problem is to go from the answer choices. The mixture of 60 litres has in it 24 litres of milk and 36 litres of water. (2 : 3 :: milk : water) When you remove x litres from it, you will remove 0.4 x litres of milk and 0.6 x litres of water from it. Take choice (2). According to this choice, x = 10. So, when one removes, 10 litres of the mixture, one is removing 4 litres of milk and 6 litres of water. Therefore, there will be 20 litres of milk and 30 litres of water in the container. Now, when you add 10 litres of milk, you will have 30 litres of milk and 30 litres of water – i.e. milk and water are in equal proportion ANS-9 Correct Answer - (3)

Solution: Less Cogs => more turns and less time => less turns

cogs time turns A 54 B 32 45 8 80 ?

Number of turns required = 80

= 24 times

ANS-10 Solution:

Proportion of milk in 3 samples is 2/3, 3/5, 5/8. Proportion of water in 3 samples is 1/3, 2/5, 3/8. Since equal quantities are taken, Total proportion of milk is 2/3 + 3/5 + 5/8 = 227/120 Total proportion of water is 1/3 + 2/5 + 3/8 = 133/120

Proportion of milk and water in the solution is So Choice (4) is the right answer.

= 227:133

ANS-11 Solution:

Let x be the profit. Their investment ratio = 3600: 4400: 2800 = 9 : 11 : 7 A's profit of Rs. 8000 = (1/4 * x) + 1/3(3/4*x) = 1/2 * x x = Rs. 16,000 Therefore B's profit = 11/27(3/4 * 16000) = Rs. 4888.88 ANS-12 Correct Answer - (4)

Solution
When two train cross each other in the opposite direction or when a train overtakes another train, the distance covered by the express train is equal to the sum of the lengths of both the trains. Case 1. When the trains travel in opposite direction Distance traveled = sum of lengths of the two trains = Relative speeds of the trains * time taken. In this case relative speeds = 72 + 45 = 117 km/hr (Relative speed when two objects travel in opposite direction = sum of the individual speeds).

Time taken = half a minute = 30 seconds. As the speed is in km/hr and time is in seconds, let us convert the speed also into m/sec to ensure congruency in the units.

117 km/hr =

=

m/sec.

Therefore, distance covered = sum of the lengths of the two trains = = 975 metres. Case 2. When the trains are traveling in the same direction - that is when the express train is overtaking the goods train Distance traveled = sum of the lengths of the two trains = Relative speed * Time taken Relative speed = (72 - 45) = 27 km/hr (When two objects travel in the same direction - their relative speeds is equal to the difference between their individual speeds) As the lengths of the two trains will remain the same irrespective of their direction of travel, the distance traveled will be the same in both the cases = 975 m.

Converting 27 km/hr into m/sec, we get

=

m/sec.

975 m =

* time taken (in seconds)

time taken =

= 130 seconds.

P.s if you know the conversion from km/hr to m/sec (which 1 km/hr = 5/18 m/sec), you can actually solve this problem in about 25 to 30 seconds.

Solution:

The average speed for the round trip = km/hr.

km/hr

Let the speed during the onward journey be ‘D’ km/hr. Let the speed of the boat in still water be ‘B’

Therefore, D = B + S => D = B + 10 (As the speed of the stream is 10 km/hr). Let the speed during the return journey be ‘U’ km/hr.

Therefore, U = B - S = B - 10 As the distance between A and B is the same as the distance between B and A, the average speed is

given by the formula =

=> => 3B - 80B - 300 = 0 => 3B - 90B + 10B - 300 = 0
2 2

=> 3B2 - 300 = 80B.

=> 3B(B - 30)+10(B - 30) = 0 => (B-30)(3B+10) = 0 => B = 30 or B = -10/3 As speed is a positive quantity, B = 30. Therefore, D = 30 + 10 = 40 km/hr and U = 30 - 10 = 20 km/hr. His onward journey was done at a speed of 40 km/hr. The distance covered was 60 kms.

Therefore, the time taken for the onward journey = ANS -14 Correct Answer - (3)

= 1.5 hours

Solution: 20% of the men are above the age of 50 years. 20% of these men play football. Therefore, 20% of 20% of 4% of the total men are football players above the age of 50 years.

20% of the men are football players. Therefore, 16% of the men are football players below the age of 50 years.

Therefore, the % of men who are football players and below the age of 50 = ANS-15 Solution: Correct Answer - (2)

= 80%

Flower-nectar contains 50% of non-water part. In honey this non-water part constitutes 85% (100-15). Therefore 0.5 X Amount of flower-nectar = 0.85 X Amount of honey = 0.85 X 1 kg Therefore amount of flower-nectar needed = (0.85/0.5) * 1kg = 1.7 kg.

Answer Key (16) 2 (17) 1 (18) 2 (19) 4 (20) 3 (21) (22) (23) (24) 2 1 2 3 (25) 2 (26) C (27) C (28) D (29) 3 (30) 4 (31) 4