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Belleville Springs

Cat. 04-007

Solon Manufacturing Company


P.O. Box 207
425 Center Street
Chardon, Ohio 44024
PH: (800) 323-9717
(440) 286-7149
Fax: (440) 286-9047
Homepage: www.solonmfg.com
E-mail: solon@solonmfg.com

Solon Manufacturing Company


Since its inception in 1949 in Solon, Ohio, Solon Manufacturing Company has engineered products for
industry worldwide. Solon has exercised sound engineering skills from the beginning with the development
of the Solon Relief Valves used most notably on John Glenns spacesuit on his historic orbit of the earth
in 1962. Solons competence and reliability continues today in the production of Solon Belleville Springs
and Solon Industrial Controls.

Experience
Solon expanded its manufacturing of Belleville springs shortly after moving to its current location
in Chardon, Ohio in 1960. Solon Flange Washers were designed in 1968 for use in flange bolting in
cryogenic, hydrocarbon and petro-chemical industries. Through the 1970s and 1980s additional materials were added to the Belleville spring product line to answer the needs of temperature extremes, corrosion and magnetism. During the early 1990s, Solon continued to test other possible materials and protective coatings that would enhance its Belleville spring product line. Today, Solon manufactures a wide
variety of standard and metric sizes using many different materials and protective coatings.

Quality
Solons highest priority is its commitment to quality. The Solon Manufacturing Quality Assurance
System has been utilized for many years and is now based upon the principals and ideals of several
international quality standards. Solon is committed to manufacturing high quality Belleville springs for use
in simple bolting to the most complex bolting applications.

Service
Our highly trained engineering and customer service staff are always available to assist with difficult
technical questions. Solon also produces specials not listed in this catalog to meet the unique needs
of our customers. Solon is committed to supplying the highest quality of service and customer support.
Our Can Do attitude produces reliability of product, delivery and service.

Table of Contents
Belleville Springs
Solon Belleville Springs Technical Notes ............................................................3
Solon Belleville Springs Specifications ..............................................................4
17-7PH Stainless Steel ......................................................................................5-7
301 Stainless Steel ..............................................................................................8
Alloy / Carbon Steel..........................................................................................9-11
Inconel 718 Stainless Steel ............................................................................12-13
510 Phosphor Bronze ..........................................................................................14

Hardened Flat Washers


17-7PH Stainless Steel ........................................................................................15

Flange Washers
Solon Flange Washers Technical Notes ......................................................16-17
17-7PH Stainless Steel ........................................................................................18
Inconel 718 Stainless Steel..................................................................................19
H-13 Tool Steel ..............................................................................................20-21

Metric Flange Washers


17- 7PH Stainless Steel ......................................................................................22
Inconel 718 Stainless Steel..................................................................................23
H-13 Tool Steel ..............................................................................................24-25

Metric Belleville Springs


17-7PH Stainless Steel ..................................................................................26-27
301 Stainless Steel ..............................................................................................28
Alloy / Carbon Steel ............................................................................................29
Inconel 718 Stainless Steel ............................................................................30-31
510 Phosphor Bronze ..........................................................................................32

Industrial Controls
Standard and Custom Engineered Pressure Controls for Industry ................33-34

Notes ..........................................................................................................................35-37

Solon Belleville Springs - Technical Notes


Belleville Springs

1250

Belleville springs are used in a variety of applications


where high spring loads are required. They are particularly
useful where vibration, differential thermal expansion,
relaxation, and bolt creep are problems.

1000

Load

Belleville spring, disc spring, conical compression


washer are all names for the same type of spring (Figure
1). A Belleville spring is a conical shaped disc that will
deflect (flatten) at a given rate. This spring rate is usually
very high, allowing the spring to produce very large loads
in a very small space.

750

500

250

OD
T

0
h

Belleville springs can be stacked in four different ways


(Figure 2).
Single, one spring.
Parallel, all springs stacked the same way.
Series, all springs stacked opposing each other.
Parallel-Series, a combination of the two.

60

Installation

Figure 1

40
Figure 3

ID

A.
B.
C.
D.

20

Deflection

D
Figure 2

A single Belleville spring has a specific load and


deflection. Belleville springs in stacked arrangements
provide increased load and / or deflection. Two springs
stacked in parallel doubles the load of a single spring with
no increase in deflection. Two springs stacked in series
doubles the deflection of a single spring with no increase in
load. The parallel - series combination results in the load of
two springs and the deflection of two springs. (Figure 3)

Belleville springs must be utilized correctly in order to


maximize their benefit. There are several important points
when using Belleville springs.
A. Be sure that the bolts are long enough to account
for the thickness of the Belleville.
B. The OD of the spring should contact the surface of
the joint. The ID should contact the bolt head or
nut.
C. If a tensioner is used to preload the bolts, the
Bellevilles must be on the opposite side of the
joint.
Figure 4 shows examples of the proper and improper
Prestressing
way to install two Belleville springs in series.

Many Solon Belleville Springs are pre-stressed by


deflecting them to flat. This flattening procedure produces
a pre-stressed deflection as the spring recovers height
from the flat position. Belleville Springs that are prestressed have the maximum possible load and deflection
for any given size of spring. When the spring is loaded
through its pre-stressed deflection, the resultant residual
stresses build up from the yield strength of the material
instead of from zero stress as with the case of a spring
that is not pre-stressed. Pre-stressing is also an excellent
inspection method for maintaining the quality of springs.
Because pre-stressing produces consistent free heights,
springs not meeting free height tolerances are rejected.
Notis not preRecommended
If for design considerations a spring
Recommended
stressed, this condition is noted in the
deflection column
of the catalog tables. (see
page44) Note: Not all Belleville
Figure
Spring applications require the spring to be pre-stressed.
For special applications, consult Solons engineers.

Solon Belleville Springs Specifications


Belleville Spring Catalog Tolerances

Belleville Spring Units of Measure


in Catalog Tables

I.D. is +1.5% of the Catalog I.D. Min.


English:
Dimensions are in inches.
Load is in pounds force.
Torque is in foot-pounds.
Temperature is in degrees Fahrenheit.

O.D. is -1.5% of the Catalog O.D. Max.


Thickness is +/-5% of the Catalog Thickness.
Height (H) is +/-10% of the Catalog Height.
Deflection (h) is +/-10% of the Catalog Deflection.

Metric:
Dimensions are in millimeters.
Load is in newtons.
Torque is in newton-meters.
Temperature is in degrees Centigrade.

Flat Load is +/-10% of the Catalog Flat Load.


Torque is +/-10% of the Catalog Torque.
Note: Tolerances for custom designed Belleville Springs

Torque Calculation:
English (ft.-lbs.)= .2 X Bolt Dia.(in.) X Load(lbs.) / 12
Metric (n-m)= .2 X Bolt Dia.(mm) X Load(n) / 1000

may vary from the above. Consult Solon's engineers for


special applications.

Material - Chemical Properties


Material

Mn

1074

ASTM
A684

.70-.80

.50-.80

.04 max

.05 max

CR

Si

6150

A506

.48-.53

.70-.90

.04 max

4140

A829

.38-.43

.75-1.00

.035 max

H-13

A681

.032-.45

.20-.60

.03 max

301

A666

.15 max

2.0 max

.045 max

Mo

.04 max

.80-1.10

.15-.30

.035 max

.80-1.10

.15-.30

.15-.25

.03 max

4.75-5.50

.80-1.20

1.10-1.75

.03 max

16.0-18.0

1.0 max

17-7PH

A693

.09 max

1.0 max

.04 max

.03 max

16.0-18.0

1.0 max

718

B637

.08 max

.35 max

.015 max

.015 max

17.0-21.0

.35 max

X750
Material

5542L
ASTM

.08 max

1.0 max

.01 max

14.0-17.0

.50 max
Pb

510PB

B103

P
.030-.035

Ni

Cu

Al

Columbium +
Tantalum

Ti

Co

Fe

.006 max

Balance

4.75-5.50

5.0-9.0
Fe

.05 max

.15 min
.80-1.20
6.0-8.0
6.5-7.5

.75-1.50

Balance

2.8-3.3

50.0-55.0

.30 max

.20-.80

.65-1.15

1.0 max

.50 max
Cu

.40-1.0

2.25-2.75

1.0 max

Sn

70.0 min
Zn

0.05 4.2-5.8

0.3

Balance

0.1

Material - Physical Properties


Material
1074
6150
H-13
301
17-7 PH
718
510 PB

Modulus
30,000,000
30,000,000
30,000,000
25,000,000
29,000,000
29,000,000
16,000,000

Yield

Temp. Range

Finish

210,000
220,000
220,000
140,000
180,000
180,000
100,000

-40 / 350F
-40 / 350F
-250 / 1100F
-400 / 550F
-400 / 550F
-400 / 1100F
-400 / 300F

Zinc Plated
Zinc Plated
Machined / Oil
Deburred
Deburred
Deburred
Deburred

Avail. Finish
Light Oil
Light Oil

Nickel

Magnetic
Yes
Yes
Yes
Slightly
Yes
No
No

17-7PH Stainless Steel

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)


Operating temperature range: -400 o to 550 o F. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
.0003 to .0005 thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number

THK (T)

(2)

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

DEF (h)

06L21177

#6

0.142

0.281

0.020

0.032

0.005(1)

06M26177

#6

0.142

0.344

0.025

06H31177

#6

0.142

0.406

0.031

08L15177

#8

0.172

0.344

08L26177

#8

0.168

08M31177

#8

08H35177

#8

010H20177

#10

010M25177

FLAT LOAD
150

TORQUE
0.4

0.042

0.007

(1)

240

0.6

0.052

0.009(1)

350

0.8

0.015

0.032

0.009(1)

75

0.2

0.344

0.025

0.040

0.006(1)

240

0.7

0.168

0.406

0.031

0.168

0.469

0.035

0.196

0.563

#10

0.196

010L31177

#10

010M35177

#10

010H42177

#10

010M50177
4822177

0.050

0.008

(1)

370

1.0

0.059

0.010(1)

450

1.2

0.020

0.055

0.020(1)

115

0.4

0.472

0.025

0.041

0.012(1)

200

0.7

0.196

0.406

0.031

0.048

0.007

(1)

375

1.2

0.196

0.469

0.035

0.057

0.009(1)

470

1.4

0.196

0.563

0.042

0.071

0.012(1)

650

2.0

#10

0.196

0.469

0.050

1/4

0.258

0.500

0.022

4824177

1/4

0.258

0.500

4L42177

1/4

0.258

4M52177

1/4

4H61177

1/4

4EH70177

1/4

0.258

0.938

51032177

5/16

0.317

0.630

51045177

5/16

0.317

0.635

5L52177

5/16

0.322

0.688

5M61177

5/16

0.322

0.813

5H70177

5/16

0.322

0.938

5EH80177

0.067

0.007

(1)

1,000

3.2

0.042

0.012(1)

160

1.1

0.024

0.043

0.012(1)

160

1.3

0.563

0.042

0.067

0.010(1)

680

2.8

0.258

0.688

0.050

0.086

0.014

1,000

4.2

0.258

0.813

0.062

0.080

0.018

1,300

5.7

0.072

0.095

0.022

1,900

7.9

0.032

0.046

0.014(1)

300

1.5

0.042

0.069

0.011

(1)

675

3.5

0.050

0.082

0.012(1)

1,000

5.5

0.062

0.078

0.016

1,450

7.6

0.072

0.092

0.020

1,900

7.9

2,350

12.2

680

4.2

(1)

(1)

5/16

0.322

1.063

0.083

0.106

0.024

6942177

3/8

0.375

0.575

0.042

0.059

0.007(1)

61235177

3/8

0.380

0.755

0.035

0.056

0.021

282

1.8

61240177

3/8

0.380

0.755

0.042

0.054

0.016(1)

640

4.0

61261177

3/8

0.380

0.755

0.062

0.074

0.012

1,500

9.5

6L61177

3/8

0.386

0.813

0.062

0.076

0.014

1,500

9.5

6M70177

3/8

0.386

0.938

0.072

0.090

0.018

2,000

12.5

6H80177

3/8

0.386

1.063

0.083

0.105

0.022

2,600

16.2

(1)

6EH89177

3/8

0.386

1.188

0.095

0.122

0.027

3,300

20.5

620125177

3/8

0.386

1.230

0.125

0.147

0.022

5,150

32.4

61350177

3/8

0.397

0.792

0.050

0.070

0.015(1)

950

5.9

71445177

7/16

0.442

0.880

0.042

0.063

0.019(1)

540

4.0

7L70177

7/16

0.450

0.938

0.072

0.088

0.016

2,000

14.8

7M80177

7/16

0.450

1.063

0.083

0.103

0.020

2,600

19.5

7H89177

7/16

0.450

1.188

0.095

0.118

0.023

3,400

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

25.1
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

17-7PH Stainless Steel

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)


Operating temperature range: -400 o to 550 o F. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
0003" to .0005" thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

81650177

1/2

0.505

82062177

1/2

8L80177
8M89177

1.005

0.050

0.070

0.023(1)

700

5.8

0.515

1.250

0.062

0.100

0.033(1)

1,100

9.2

1/2

0.515

1.063

0.083

0.101

0.018

2,700

22.5

1/2

0.515

1.188

0.095

0.116

0.021

3,500

29.4

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

8H98177

1/2

0.515

1.313

0.095

0.122

0.027

3,400

28.3

8EH112177

1/2

0.515

1.500

0.117

0.148

0.031

5,000

42.1

819125177

1/2

0.515

1.188

0.125

0.142

0.017

6,300

52.9

820125177

1/2

0.515

1.250

0.125

0.144

0.019

6,300

52.3

9L89177

9/16

0.579

1.188

0.095

0.114

0.019

3,500

33.3

9M98177

9/16

0.579

1.313

0.095

0.120

0.025

3,500

32.5

9H112177

9/16

0.579

1.500

0.117

0.146

0.029

5,200

49.0

101860177

5/8

0.625

1.130

0.062

0.090

0.022

10L98177

5/8

0.644

1.313

0.095

0.118

0.023

(1)

1,000

10.2

3,500

36.4

1021112177

5/8

0.644

1.313

0.117

0.127

0.020

4,900

51.0

10M112177

5/8

0.644

1.500

0.117

0.145

0.028

5,300

54.4

1020125177

5/8

0.644

1.250

0.125

0.141

0.016

6,350

66.3

1022131177

5/8

0.644

1.385

0.136

0.156

0.020

7,500

78.1

10H131177

5/8

0.644

1.750

0.136

0.173

0.037

7,000

72.7

10EH150177

5/8

0.644

2.000

0.155

0.198

0.043

8,600

90.1

12L112177

3/4

0.773

1.500

0.117

0.141

0.024

5,400

67.3

12M131177

3/4

0.773

1.750

0.136

0.168

0.032

7,200

90.1

1248135177

3/4

0.773

3.000

0.136

0.240

0.102

6,000

75.0

12M150177

3/4

0.773

1.630

0.155

0.179

0.024

9,400

121.4

12H150177

3/4

0.773

2.000

0.155

0.195

0.040

9,100

114.5

12EH168177

3/4

0.773

2.250

0.193

0.236

0.044

13,800

173.2

14L95177

7/8

0.901

1.750

0.095

0.132

0.037

3,300

47.8

14L131177

7/8

0.901

1.750

0.136

0.164

0.028

7,200

106.0

14M150177

7/8

0.901

2.000

0.155

0.191

0.036

9,400

136.8

14H168177

7/8

0.901

2.250

0.193

0.232

0.040

14,400

210.0

163284177

0.995

2.005

0.083

0.135

0.060

2,200

36.6

16L150177

1.030

2.000

0.155

0.187

0.032

9,400

157.3

16M168177

1.030

2.250

0.193

0.229

0.037

14,600

244.0

16H187177

1.030

2.500

0.193

0.240

0.048

14,200

236.7

18L168177

1 1/8

1.155

2.250

0.193

0.225

0.033

14,700

275.8

18M187177

1 1/8

1.155

2.500

0.193

0.234

0.042

14,400

269.9

18H206177

1 1/8

1.155

2.750

0.193

0.248

0.056

14,000

262.0

204098177

1 1/4

1.255

2.500

0.098

0.164

0.068

2,100

45.3

20L187177

1 1/4

1.280

2.500

0.193

0.232

0.040

14,400

301.3

20M206177

1 1/4

1.280

2.750

0.193

0.244

0.052

14,100

294.5

20H225177

1 1/4

1.280

3.000

0.255

0.307

0.052

25,600

(1)

(2)

THK (T)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

534.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

(3)

17-7PH Stainless Steel

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)


Operating temperature range: -400 o to 550 o F. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
0003" to .0005" thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number
22L206177

Bolt Size
1 3/8

ID Min

(2)

OD Max

THK (T)

DEF (h)

1.405

2.750

0.193

0.240

0.048

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

14,200

325.7

22M225177

1 3/8

1.405

3.000

0.255

0.303

0.048

25,800

592.5

22H244177

1 3/8

1.405

3.250

0.255

0.314

0.059

25,300

580.4

24L225177

1 1/2

1.530

3.000

0.255

0.299

0.044

25,900

648.0

24M244177

1 1/2

1.530

3.250

0.255

0.310

0.055

25,500

638.0

24H262177

1 1/2

1.530

3.500

0.262

0.322

0.067

25,000

625.0

26L244177

1 5/8

1.650

3.250

0.255

0.308

0.052

25,000

677.0

26M262177

1 5/8

1.650

3.500

0.262

0.324

0.062

26,700

723.6

26H281177

1 5/8

1.650

3.750

0.280

0.350

0.070

30,300

821.0

28L262177

1 3/4

1.780

3.500

0.262

0.320

0.058

26,800

782.0

28M281177

1 3/4

1.780

3.750

0.280

0.346

0.066

30,500

890.0

28H300177

1 3/4

1.780

4.000

0.300

0.374

0.074

34,800

1,017.0

30L281177

1 7/8

1.910

3.750

0.280

0.342

0.062

30,600

956.0

30M300177

1 7/8

1.910

4.000

0.300

0.370

0.070

35,000

1,096.0

30H318177

1 7/8

1.910

4.250

0.318

0.396

0.078

39,200

1,225.0

3264187177

1.970

4.000

0.193

0.286

0.096

12,600

418.5

32L300177

2.063

4.000

0.300

0.365

0.065

35,200

1,172.0

32M318177

2.063

4.250

0.318

0.391

0.073

39,400

1,314.0

32H356177

2.063

4.750

0.356

0.445

0.089

48,900

1,632.0

40L356177

2 1/2

2.531

4.750

0.366

0.441

0.075

49,550

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

2,064.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Typical Applications For Solon 17-7PH Belleville Springs:


Pole Line Hardware

Electrical Bus Bar

Circuit Breakers

Substations

Valve Live Loading

Pipe Hold Downs

301 Stainless Steel

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Type 301 Stainless Steel (ASTM A666)


Operating temperature range: -400 o to 550o F. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Slightly magnetic. Finish: Scale
free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

4L42301
4M52301
4H61301
4EH70301
4S35301
51032301
5H45301
5L52301
5M61301
51862301
5H70301
5EH80301
61240301
61261301
6L61301
6M70301
6M80301
6H80301
6EH89301
71361301
7L70301
7M80301
7H89301
81635301
81650301
8L40301
81862301
8L80301
8L90301
8M89301
8H98301
8L109301
818125301
820125301
102050301
10M72301
10L98301

1/4
1/4
1/4
1/4
1/4
5/16
5/16
5/16
5/16
5/16
5/16
5/16
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
7/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
5/8
5/8
5/8

0.258
0.258
0.258
0.258
0.266
0.317
0.317
0.322
0.322
0.322
0.322
0.322
0.380
0.380
0.386
0.386
0.386
0.386
0.386
0.450
0.450
0.450
0.450
0.505
0.505
0.515
0.515
0.515
0.515
0.515
0.515
0.515
0.515
0.515
0.630
0.644
0.644

0.563
0.688
0.813
0.938
0.469
0.625
0.938
0.688
0.813
1.125
0.938
1.063
0.755
0.750
0.813
0.938
0.938
1.063
1.188
0.813
0.938
1.063
1.188
1.000
1.000
1.063
1.125
1.063
1.063
1.188
1.313
1.063
1.125
1.250
1.255
1.500
1.313

0.042
0.050
0.062
0.073
0.042
0.032
0.045
0.050
0.062
0.062
0.073
0.083
0.040
0.062
0.062
0.073
0.083
0.083
0.095
0.062
0.073
0.083
0.095
0.035
0.050
0.042
0.062
0.083
0.095
0.095
0.098
0.109
0.125
0.125
0.050
0.073
0.098

0.072
0.090
0.114
0.130
0.053
0.048
0.072
0.082
0.100
0.083
0.115
0.140
0.058
0.084
0.100
0.112
0.113
0.143
0.158
0.078
0.117
0.124
0.143
0.052
0.075
0.090
0.104
0.130
0.142
0.152
0.122
0.135
0.170
0.180
0.080
0.109
0.145

0.012(1)
0.013(1)
0.021(1)
0.023(1)
0.006(1)
0.016(1)
0.026(1)
0.013(1)
0.015(1)
0.021(1)
0.022(1)
0.023(1)
0.018(1)
0.010(1)
0.015(1)
0.020(1)
0.014(1)
0.024(1)
0.025(1)
0.009(1)
0.018(1)
0.020(1)
0.021(1)
0.012(1)
0.016(1)
0.028(1)
0.018(1)
0.019(1)
0.018(1)
0.022(1)
0.024(1)
0.013(1)
0.018(1)
0.022(1)
0.030(1)
0.036(1)
0.020(1)

600
650
1,350
1,450
550
240
480
1,000
1,100
600
1,500
1,700
500
1,200
1,300
1,500
2,100
2,000
2,600
1,200
1,500
2,000
2,700
300
500
450
800
2,300
3,300
2,800
2,870
3,800
6,000
5,500
650
1,450
2,940

1020125301

5/8

0.644

1.250

0.125

0.159

0.014(1)

5,500

41.5

12L60301

3/4

0.755

1.505

0.062

0.098

0.036(1)

990

12.4

12L72301

3/4

0.773

1.500

0.072

0.108

0.036(1)

1,400

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

2.5
2.7
5.6
6.0
3.3
1.3
2.5
5.2
5.7
3.1
7.8
8.8
3.1
10.0
8.1
9.4
13.3
12.5
16.2
9.8
10.9
17.5
22.5
2.5
4.2
3.7
6.7
22.5
27.7
23.3
23.9
32.0
50.0
45.8
6.8
15.1
30.6

12.0
(3)

Typical Applications For Solon 301SS Belleville Springs:

TORQUE

Pole Line Hardware

Electrical Bus Bar

Circuit Breakers

Structural Members

Valve Live Loading

Pipe Hold Downs

Torque (ft. lbs.)

(3)

Alloy / Carbon Steel

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

AISI 6150 Alloy (ASTM A506)


Operating temperature range: -40 o to 350o F. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0005" thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.
AISI 1074 High Carbon Steel (ASTM A684)
Operating temperature range: -40 o to 350 o F. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0005" thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE
2.6

010H42

#10

0.196

0.563

0.043

0.072

0.014(1)

800

4L42

1/4

0.258

0.563

0.043

0.068

0.012(1)

870

3.7

4M52

1/4

0.258

0.688

0.053

0.089

0.016(1)

1,200

5.3

4H61

1/4

0.258

0.813

0.063

0.083

0.021

1,600

6.9

4EH70

1/4

0.258

0.938

0.072

0.097

0.025

2,000

8.5

51032

5/16

0.317

0.630

0.032

0.053

0.016

400

2.0

5L52

5/16

0.322

0.688

0.053

0.085

0.014

1,300

6.8

5M61

5/16

0.322

0.813

0.063

0.081

0.019

1,800

9.4

5H70

5/16

0.322

0.938

0.072

0.095

0.023

2,300

12.0

5EH80
6S33

5/16
3/8

0.322
0.380

1.063
0.730

0.082
0.035

0.110
0.046

0.028
0.018(1)

2,800
500

14.5
3.1

61042
61240

3/8
3/8

0.380
0.380

0.640
0.755

0.043
0.043

0.067
0.065

0.011(1)
0.018(1)

850
800

5.3
5.1

6L61

3/8

0.386

0.813

0.063

0.078

0.016

1,800

11.2

62062

3/8

0.386

1.250

0.065

0.170

0.042(1)

1,880

10.7

6M70
6H80

3/8
3/8

0.386
0.386

0.938
1.063

0.072
0.082

0.093
0.107

0.021
0.025

2,400
3,000

15.0
18.8

(1)

6EH89

3/8

0.386

1.188

0.091

0.121

0.030

3,500

22.4

614112

3/8

0.386

0.875

0.115

0.136

0.012(1)

6,500

41.0

71445

7/16

0.442

0.880

0.045

0.067

0.022

(1)

800

4.4

7H42

7/16

0.450

1.188

0.043

0.132

0.045(1)

640

4.6

7L70

7/16

0.450

0.938

0.072

0.091

0.019

2,400

17.5

7M80
7H89

7/16
7/16

0.450
0.450

1.063
1.188

0.082
0.091

0.105
0.119

0.023
0.028

3,100
3,700

22.8
26.9

81628

1/2

0.505

1.010

0.028

0.060

0.036(1)

250

2.0

81635

1/2

0.505

1.010

0.035

0.070

0.032(1)

450

4.0

81650
81680

1/2
1/2

0.505
0.505

1.005
1.000

0.050
0.082

0.076
0.100

0.020(1)
0.018(1)

550
3,200

4.5
26.6

820131

1/2

0.512

1.259

0.134

0.172

0.020(1)

7,500

62.5

8L42
82062

1/2
1/2

0.515
0.515

1.063
1.250

0.043
0.065

0.086
0.144

0.033(1)
0.036(1)

500
1,880

4.3
15.7

8L80

1/2

0.515

1.063

0.082

0.103

0.021

3,200

26.4

8M89
8H98

1/2
1/2

0.515
0.515

1.188
1.313

0.091
0.101

0.117
0.131

0.026
0.030

3,800
4,600

32.2
39.0

8EH112

1/2

0.515

1.500

0.115

0.152

0.037

6,000

50.0

8H112
818125
828131

1/2
1/2
1/2

0.515
0.515
0.515

1.313
1.125
1.750

0.115
0.125
0.134

0.142
0.142
0.180

0.027
0.017
0.046(1)

6,200
7,700
7,400

51.9
64.8
61.7

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Alloy / Carbon Steel

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

AISI 6150 Alloy (ASTM A506)


Operating temperature range: -40 o to 350o F. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0005" thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.
AISI 1074 High Carbon Steel (ASTM A684)
Operating temperature range: -40 o to 350 o F. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0005" thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.

Part Number
9L89

Bolt Size
9/16

ID Min
0.579

THK (T)

1.188

0.091

(2)

DEF (h)

0.114

0.023

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

4,000

37.5

9M98

9/16

0.579

1.313

0.101

0.129

0.028

4,700

44.7

9H112

9/16

0.579

1.500

0.115

0.150

0.035

6,000

56.7

101860

5/8

0.625

1.125

0.063

0.090

0.025(1)

1,200

12.2

10L98

5/8

0.644

1.313

0.101

0.127

0.026

4,800

50.1

10M112
10H131

5/8
5/8

0.644
0.644

1.500
1.750

0.115
0.134

0.147
0.176

0.032
0.042

6,100
8,100

64.2
84.5

10EH150

5/8

0.644

2.000

0.154

0.205

0.051

10,200

106.0

12-22-40

3/4

0.770

1.368

0.040

0.100

0.043(1)

400

5.0

12L60
12L72

3/4
3/4

0.773
0.773

1.500
1.500

0.063
0.072

0.105
0.111

0.043
0.039(1)

1,100
1,600

13.5
20.0

12L112

3/4

0.773

1.500

0.115

0.143

0.028

6,200

78.1

12M131

3/4

0.773

1.750

0.134

0.171

0.037

8,300

104.9

12H150

3/4

0.773

2.000

0.154

0.200

0.046

10,800

135.0

12EH168

3/4

0.773

2.250

0.172

0.228

0.056

13,000

163.5

(1)

14L131

7/8

0.901

1.750

0.134

0.167

0.033

8,500

123.9

14M150
14H168

7/8
7/8

0.901
0.901

2.000
2.250

0.154
0.172

0.196
0.223

0.042
0.051

11,100
13,600

162.4
198.6

163284

1.005

2.005

0.082

0.141

0.059(1)

2,600

43.0

1632131

1.020

2.000

0.134

0.175

0.041

8,200

136.0

16L150
16M168

1
1

1.030
1.030

2.000
2.250

0.154
0.172

0.191
0.219

0.037
0.047

11,200
13,800

186.8
231.0

16H187

1.030

2.500

0.192

0.248

0.056

17,000

284.0

18L168
18M187

1 1/8
1 1/8

1.155
1.155

2.250

0.172

0.214

2.500

0.192

0.243

0.042
0.051

14,000
17,300

262.0
324.0

18H206

1 1/8

1.155

2.750

0.211

0.271

0.060

20,600

387.0

204098
20L80

1 1/4
1 1/4

1.245
1.280

2.505
2.500

0.101
0.082

0.174
0.164

0.076
0.082

3,600
2,300

75.0
47.0

20L187

1 1/4

1.280

2.500

0.192

0.239

0.047

17,400

362.0

20M206
20H225

1 1/4
1 1/4

1.280
1.280

2.750
3.000

0.211
0.231

0.267
0.296

0.056
0.065

20,900
24,800

435.0
517.0

22L206

1 3/8

1.405

2.750

0.211

0.263

0.052

21,000

481.0

22M225

1 3/8

1.405

3.000

0.231

0.292

0.061

25,000

575.0

22H244
24L225

1 3/8
1 1/2

1.405
1.530

3.250
3.000

0.250
0.231

0.320
0.287

0.070
0.056

29,000
25,200

668.0
630.0

24M244
24H262

1 1/2
1 1/2

1.530
1.530

3.250
3.500

0.250
0.262

0.315
0.338

0.065
0.076

29,400
32,000

735.0
800.0

(1)

10

OD Max

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(1)

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

(3)

Alloy / Carbon Steel

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

AISI 6150 Alloy (ASTM A506)


Operating temperature range: -40 o to 350o F. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0005" thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.
AISI 1074 High Carbon Steel (ASTM A684)
Operating temperature range: -40 o to 350 o F. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0005" thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.

Part Number
26L244

Bolt Size
1 5/8

ID Min

(2)

OD Max

THK (T)

DEF (h)

1.650

3.250

0.250

0.311

0.061

FLAT LOAD
29,500

TORQUE
800.0

26M262

1 5/8

1.650

3.500

0.262

0.334

0.072

32,100

869.0

26H281

1 5/8

1.650

3.750

0.281

0.362

0.081

36,700

994.0

28L262

1 3/4

1.780

3.500

0.262

0.329

0.067

32,200

940.0

28M281

1 3/4

1.780

3.750

0.281

0.358

0.077

37,000

1,078.0

28H300
30L281

1 3/4
1 7/8

1.780
1.910

4.000
3.750

0.300
0.281

0.386
0.353

0.086
0.072

41,900
37,100

1,222.0
1,159.0

30M300

1 7/8

1.910

4.000

0.300

0.381

0.081

42,100

1,317.0

30H318

1 7/8

1.910

4.250

0.318

0.409

0.091

47,100

1,472.0

32L300
32M318

2
2

2.063
2.063

4.000
4.250

0.300
0.318

0.376
0.403

0.076
0.085

42,300
47,400

1,410.0
1,580.0

32H356

2.063

4.750

0.356

0.460

0.104

58,800

1,961.0

36L318

2 1/4

2.281

4.250

0.318

0.400

0.077

48,000

1,784.0

36M356
40L356

2 1/4
2 1/2

2.281
2.531

4.750
4.750

0.356
0.356

0.462
0.452

0.096
0.087

59,000
59,600

2,227.0
2,485.0

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Typical Applications For Solon Alloy/Carbon Belleville Springs:


Off Highway Equipment

Torque Limiters

Seismic Damping

Fail Safe Brakes

Small Engines

Structural Members

11

Inconel 718

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Inconel 718 Nickel Alloy (ASTM B637)


Operating temperature range: - 400 o to 1100o F. For high temperature service in corrosive atmospheres. Indoor / outdoor service.
Non-magnetic. Finish: Scale-free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

THK (T)

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

06L21718

#6

0.142

0.281

0.020

0.032

0.005(1)

06M26718

#6

0.142

0.344

0.025

06H31718

#6

0.142

0.406

0.030

08L26718

#8

0.168

0.344

08M31718

#8

0.168

0.406

010L31718

#10

0.196

0.406

4L42718

1/4

0.258

0.563

4M52718

1/4

0.258

0.688

4H61718

1/4

0.258

0.813

51032718

5/16

0.317

51040718

5/16

0.317

5L52718

5/16

0.322

5M61718

5/16

0.322

0.813

0.061

5H70718

5/16

0.322

0.938

0.068

150

0.4

0.040

0.007

(1)

230

0.6

0.052

0.009(1)

350

0.7

0.025

0.032

0.006

(1)

250

0.7

0.030

0.045

0.008(1)

370

1.0

0.030

0.048

0.007

325

1.1

0.040

0.064

0.011(1)

615

2.5

0.050

0.085

0.015

930

3.9

0.061

0.100

0.018

1,300

5.5

0.630

0.030

0.058

0.014

365

1.9

0.630

0.040

0.053

0.012

600

3.1

0.688

0.050

0.063

0.013

1,000

5.2

0.077

0.016

1,400

7.3

0.090

0.020

1,700

8.9

(1)

(1)

(1)

51680718

5/16

0.322

1.000

0.077

0.101

0.021

2,100

11.3

5EH80718

5/16

0.322

1.063

0.077

0.100

0.023

2,050

10.7

61240718

3/8

0.380

0.755

0.040

0.056

0.016

700

4.4

61261718

3/8

0.380

0.755

0.061

0.073

0.012

1,400

8.8

6L61718

3/8

0.386

0.813

0.061

0.075

0.014

1,200

7.5

6M70718

3/8

0.386

0.938

0.068

0.087

0.019

1,700

12.5

6H80718

3/8

0.386

1.063

0.077

0.101

0.024

2,400

15.0

6EH89718

3/8

0.386

1.188

0.089

0.119

0.026

2,900

18.1

71445718

7/16

0.442

0.880

0.045

0.064

0.019

1,000

7.3

71261718

7/16

0.442

0.755

0.061

0.085

0.010

1,470

10.7

7H89718

7/16

0.450

1.188

0.090

0.114

0.024

3,000

22.3

7H100718

7/16

0.450

1.188

0.100

0.122

0.022

3,800

28.0

81650718

1/2

0.505

1.005

0.050

0.073

0.023

800

6.7

8L80718

1/2

0.515

1.063

0.077

0.093

0.016

2,300

19.2

8M89718

1/2

0.515

1.188

0.090

0.112

0.022

3,100

26.0

8H98718

1/2

0.515

1.313

0.100

0.129

0.029

3,200

26.7

8H125718

1/2

0.515

1.313

0.125

0.145

0.020

6,700

55.8

8EH125718

1/2

0.515

1.500

0.125

0.155

0.030

5,600

46.7

91840718

9/16

0.562

1.130

0.040

0.063

0.023

280

2.6

102040718

5/8

0.625

1.255

0.040

0.074

0.034

300

3.1

102050718

5/8

0.625

1.255

0.050

0.080

0.030

600

6.3

101860718

5/8

0.625

1.130

0.061

0.083

0.023

1,300

13.5

102061718

5/8

0.637

1.250

0.061

0.090

0.029

1,200

12.5

10L98718

5/8

0.644

1.313

0.100

0.122

0.022

3,900

41.0

10M125718

5/8

0.644

1.500

0.125

0.151

0.026

6,000

64.0

10H131718

5/8

0.644

1.750

0.125

0.163

0.038

5,800

60.9

10EH150718

5/8

0.644

2.000

0.156

0.199

0.043

8,700

(1)

12

OD Max

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

91.5
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

(3)

Inconel 718

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Inconel 718 Nickel Alloy (ASTM B637)


Operating temperature range: - 400 o to 1100o F. For high temperature service in corrosive atmospheres. Indoor / outdoor service.
Non-magnetic. Finish: Scale-free and deburred.

Part Number
12L112718

Bolt Size
3/4

ID Min
0.773

OD Max
1.500

(2)

THK (T)

0.125

0.147

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

0.022

6,200

TORQUE
77.6

12M131718

3/4

0.773

1.750

0.125

0.159

0.034

6,000

75.0

12H150718

3/4

0.773

2.000

0.155

0.198

0.042

9,700

121.3

14L131718

7/8

0.901

1.750

0.125

0.155

0.030

6,000

88.3

14M150718

7/8

0.901

2.000

0.155

0.191

0.035

9,500

138.7

14H187718

7/8

0.901

2.250

0.187

0.228

0.041

13,600

198.4

163284718

0.995

2.005

0.084

0.136

0.045

2,300

38.3

16L150718

1.030

2.000

0.155

0.183

0.033

8,800

146.5

16H187718

1.030

2.500

0.187

0.236

0.049

13,400

223.4

18H206718

1 1/8

1.155

2.750

0.192

0.248

0.056

17,600

262.0

204098718

1 1/4

1.245

2.505

0.100

0.156

0.056

3,250

67.7

20M125718

1 1/4

1.265

2.750

0.125

0.179

0.071

4,200

104.2

20L187718

1 1/4

1.280

2.500

0.187

0.228

0.041

13,600

284.0

28L187718

1 3/4

1.780

3.500

0.193

0.073

13,500

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

396.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Typical Applications For Solon Inconel 718 Belleville Springs:


Marine Applications

Electrical Bus Bar

Valve Live Loading

Coastal Substations

13

510 Phosphor Bronze

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

510 Phosphor Bronze (ASTM B103)


Operating temperature range: -400 o to 300o F. For use with copper bus and silicon bronze bolts and nuts. Also for non-magnetic requirements
and good electrical conductivity. Non-magnetic. Finish: Scale free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

06M26PB

#6

0.142

0.344

0.032

0.042

0.005(1)

160

0.4

08L26PB

#8

0.168

0.344

0.032

0.040

(1)

0.004

160

0.4

08M31PB

#8

0.168

0.406

0.032

0.045

0.006(1)

160

0.5

08H35PB

#8

0.168

0.469

0.040

010M35PB

#10

0.196

0.469

0.040

4L42PB

1/4

0.258

0.563

4M52PB

1/4

0.258

4H61PB

1/4

5L52PB

5/16

5M61PB

5/16

6L61PB

0.055

(1)

0.007

291

0.8

0.060

0.008(1)

301

1.0

0.040

0.063

0.009(1)

295

1.2

0.688

0.050

0.082

0.014(1)

440

1.8

0.258

0.813

0.063

0.322

0.688

0.050

0.322

0.813

3/8

0.386

6H80PB

3/8

6EH89PB

0.100

0.015

(1)

700

3.3

0.082

0.012(1)

500

2.6

0.063

0.095

0.014(1)

700

3.7

0.813

0.063

0.098

0.012(1)

700

4.4

0.386

1.063

0.080

0.150

0.019(1)

1,146

7.2

3/8

0.386

1.188

0.093

0.165

0.017(1)

1,500

9.4

8F80PB

1/2

0.515

0.900

0.080

0.098

0.010(1)

1,040

9.6

8L80PB

1/2

0.515

1.063

0.080

0.125

0.016

(1)

1,200

10.0

8M89PB

1/2

0.515

1.188

0.093

0.150

0.017(1)

1,600

13.4

818125PB

1/2

0.515

1.125

0.125

0.150

0.012(1)

3,400

28.3

8H98PB

1/2

0.515

1.313

0.125

0.170

0.017(1)

3,400

28.3

8EH112PB

1/2

0.515

1.500

0.125

0.195

0.024

3,100

25.8

9M98PB

9/16

0.579

1.313

0.125

0.170

0.016(1)

3,200

30.0

9H112PB

9/16

0.579

1.500

0.125

0.185

0.023(1)

3,050

28.6

10M112PB

5/8

0.644

1.500

0.125

0.180

0.022(1)

3,100

32.3

10H131PB

5/8

0.644

1.750

0.125

0.195

0.033(1)

2,900

30.2

12H93PB

3/4

0.773

2.000

0.093

0.180

0.044(1)

1,060

13.3

12L112PB

3/4

0.773

1.500

0.125

0.180

0.018

(1)

3,300

41.3

12M131PB

3/4

0.773

1.750

0.125

0.195

0.027(1)

2,875

35.9

12H150PB

3/4

0.773

2.000

0.125

2.100

0.037(1)

2,400

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

(1)

Height = as shipped

30.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Typical Applications For Solon 510PB Belleville Springs:


Electrical Bus Bar

Pole Line Hardware

Circuit Breakers

Substations

Switchgear

14

(3)

17-7PH Stainless Steel

Hardened Flat Washers


Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)
Operating temperature range: -400 o to 550 o F. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
.0003 to .0005 thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number

ID Min

4L61177F

1/4

0.258

5L70177F

5/16

0.322

0.688

0.072

0.072

6L61177F

3/8

0.386

0.813

0.062

0.062

6L80177F

3/8

0.386

0.813

0.083

0.083

7L70177F

7/16

0.450

0.938

0.072

0.072

7L89177F

7/16

0.450

0.938

0.095

0.095

8L80177F

1/2

0.515

1.063

0.083

0.083

8L98177F

1/2

0.515

1.063

0.095

0.095

818131177F

1/2

0.515

1.125

0.136

0.136
0.136

8EH131177F

OD Max
0.563

THK
0.062

(2)

Bolt Size

0.062

1/2

0.515

1.500

0.136

9L89177F

9/16

0.579

1.188

0.095

0.095

9L112177F

9/16

0.579

1.188

0.117

0.117

10L98177F

5/8

0.644

1.313

0.095

0.095

10L131177F

5/8

0.644

1.313

0.136

0.136

12L112177F

3/4

0.773

1.500

0.117

0.117

12L150177F

3/4

0.773

1.530

0.155

0.155

14L131177F

7/8

0.901

1.750

0.136

0.136

14L168177F

7/8

0.901

1.750

0.193

0.193

16L187177F

1.030

2.000

0.193

0.193

18L168177F

1 1/8

1.155

2.250

0.193

0.193

18L206177F

1 1/8

1.155

2.250

0.193

0.193

20L187177F

1 1/4

1.280

2.500

0.193

0.193

22L225177F

1 3/8

1.405

2.750

0.231

0.231

22L244177F

1 3/8

1.405

2.800

0.255

0.255

24L225177F

1 1/2

1.530

3.000

0.231

0.231

24L244177F

1 1/2

1.530

3.000

0.231

0.231

24L262177F

1 1/2

1.530

3.000

0.262

0.262

Typical Applications For Solon Hardened Flat Washers:


Electrical Bus Bar
Valve Live Loading

15

Solon Flange Washers - Technical Notes


Live Loading with Solon Flange Washers
It is estimated that 50% to 80% of all flange leaks
are caused by insufficient bolt preload. Typically, the
bolts are all tightened to a given aim preload. At this
original load the bolt has a certain amount of stretch
and the gasket yields (takes a set). At start-up, the
process fluid heats up the flange and gasket causing
them to expand more than the bolts. This leads to an
increase in gasket stress causing more yielding. As
the bolt temperature rises, preload may fall substantially.
This is because the bolt stretch is insufficient to make
up for what is lost when the gasket yields. For example,
if the bolt stretch was .005" and the gasket yield is .005",
then all of the original preload will be lost.
Solon Flange Washers are effective because they
add deflection to the fastening system. This is known
as Live Loading. Flange washers are Belleville springs
that are typically very elastic compared to the bolts they
are used with. The increase in elasticity leads to
dramatically less loss of preload when joint components
yield. Using the previous example, if the joint employed
two flange washers with .025" of deflection each, then
preload would fall by only 9% rather than 100%.
Examples of candidates for live loading using flange
washers are:
A. Flanges where failure could cause a safety
problem.
B. Joints that see large temperature fluctuations.
C. The length to diameter ratio of the bolt is less
than three.
D. One or more of the flange components are
subject to yielding such as gasket creep, bolt
creep, vibration, or elastic interaction.
E. The flange has a history of maintenance
problems.
Live loading will not correct all flange leaks.
However, maintaining more of the original preload will
significantly reduce the risk of failure. It has been shown
through various studies by a number of petrochemical
companies, that the use of flange washers has a positive
overall impact on the performance of a live loaded
flange joint.

Selecting a material
The obvious selection would be to use the same
material used for the bolt. However, since Bellevilles

16

are normally made from materials which make good


springs, this is not always possible. Solon Manufacturing
Co. produces flange washers in three different materials.
H-13 Tool Steel, 17-7PH Stainless Steel and Inconel
718 Nickel Alloy. The material you select should be
based on the design and environment of the flange joint
being live loaded. The description and characteristic of
each of these steels can be found in the catalog pages
of this brochure.

Selecting the right size


Solons flange washers are designed so that the
OD of the spring matches the points on a standard nut.
This is done to prevent any interference between the
flange washer and the flange and so the spring will not
overhang the flange joint.
Next the flat load of the flange washer must be
selected. Ideally, the flat load should equal the calculated
preload based on the gasket design and criteria. In
other words, the preload calculations should not be any
different than when no flange washers are used. Multiple
washers can be stacked in parallel to achieve varying
flat loads. The calculated preload may not always equal
the flat load of a single spring. If this is the case choose
the spring with the flat load closest to the aim preload.
The flange washer will not be damaged if the flat load
is exceeded. On the contrary, completely flattening the
Belleville optimizes its benefit.
There are applications where flange washers should
not be completely flattened, such as cyclical and when
flange washers are employed to reduce the increase in
preload that occurs during a temperature cycle by using
a Belleville with a flat load that is higher than the
assembly preload. Contact Solon for more information.

How many flange washers per bolt?


A good rule of thumb is to use two: one on each
end of the bolt. This will increase the deflection of the
fastening system by a factor of 7 to 15 for a typical
300lb flange joint. This increase should be ample for
almost any bolting application.
Excessive movement in joint materials, short active
bolt length, and high differential thermal expansion are
some examples where more than two flange washers
should be used. Solons engineering staff can assist
you when these problems occur.

Solon Flange Washers - Technical Notes


Installation Procedure

Alternative?

Solon Flange Washers must be installed correctly


to maximize their benefit. There are several important
points to remember when installing them.

One of the alternatives that can be used to reduce


the spring rate of a flange joint is to use longer bolts
with collars. Figure 2 compares this method versus
using two flange washers. Each method provides
the same improvement in elasticity, but it is easy to
see that using extended bolts would not be a
suitable solution.

A. Be sure that the bolts or studs are long enough


to account for the thickness of the flange
washers.
B. The OD of the flange washer should contact
the flange joint and the ID of the flange washer
should contact the bolt head or nut.
(Figure 1)

Recommended

Not
Recommended

Figure 1
If the crown of the flange washer is allowed to
extend into the bolt hole, then its loading
characteristics will be altered. The same is true
for a nut that contacts the springs bottom
surface. Since deflections are relatively small,
it can be difficult for the installer to see which
side is up. Solons H-13 Tool Steel Flange
Washers are chamfered at the top of the OD
to help the installer to identify the springs
top surface.
C. If a tensioner is used to preload the bolts, then
the flange washers must be on the opposite
side of the joint.
D. Flat washers are not normally required for the
flange washers bearing surface. Soft flange
materials, such as aluminum, may warrant the
use of hardened flat washers to prevent the
Bellevilles from embedding in the material.
E. If they are properly applied, flange washers
may be reused. Since Belleville springs are
highly stressed parts, they should not be
reinstalled if corrosion pitting is observed on
the surface. If cracking occurs, it may be
necessary to specify a different material
or coating. Contact Solons engineering staff
for assistance.

Figure 2
The collar lengths are as follows:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Two Solon Flange Washers


30,000 psi--59.6"
45,000 psi--32.8"
60,000 psi--20.8"

These figures are based on a 1" bolt made of


carbon alloy steel, calculated using Hookes Law.

17

17-7PH Stainless Steel

OD
T

Flange Washers

ID

Figure 1

Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)


Operating temperature range: -400 o to 550 o F. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
.0003 to .0005 thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max
0.714

(2)

THK (T)

0.083

0.091

6F80177

3/8

0.386

7F80177

7/16

0.450

0.820

0.083

8F80177

1/2

0.512

0.900

0.083

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

0.008

2,800

17.8

0.093

0.010

2,800

20.5

0.094

0.011

2,775

23.1

8F89177

1/2

0.515

0.900

0.095

0.105

0.010

3,700

30.0

10F95177

5/8

0.644

1.140

0.095

0.110

0.015

3,585

37.3

10F112177

5/8

0.644

1.148

0.117

0.130

0.013

6,500

60.0

12F112177

3/4

0.773

1.370

0.117

0.135

0.018

5,500

68.5

12F131177

3/4

0.773

1.370

0.136

0.152

0.016

8,500

90.0

14F150177

7/8

0.901

1.590

0.155

0.174

0.019

12,500

160.0

16F168177

1.030

1.810

0.193

0.210

0.017

18,000

250.0

18F187177

1 1/8

1.155

2.025

0.193

0.218

0.025

20,000

330.0

20F206177

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.193

0.224

0.031

20,000

410.0

22F225177

1 3/8

1.406

2.470

0.250

0.284

0.028

25,000

500.0

24F187177

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.193

0.233

0.040

14,500

362.0

24F244177

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.250

0.284

0.034

26,000

627.6

26F262177

1 5/8

1.649

2.950

0.262

0.299

0.037

27,000

731.0

28F281177

1 3/4

1.774

3.170

0.280

0.323

0.043

31,000

904.0

30F300177

1 7/8

1.910

3.389

0.300

0.345

0.045

33,000

1,031.0

32F500177

2.024

3.600

0.512

0.542

0.030

110,000

3,650.0

32F318177

2.063

3.600

0.318

0.368

0.050

40,000

1,333.0

36F356177

2 1/4

2.281

4.040

0.356

0.408

0.052

51,000

1,900.0

40F394177

2 1/2

2.531

4.415

0.394

0.452

0.058

62,000

2,590.0

44F431177

2 3/4

2.781

4.920

0.431

0.494

0.063

75,000

3,400.0

48F468177

3.031

5.360

0.468

0.537

0.069

88,000

(2)

Height = as shipped

4,377.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Typical Applications For Solon Flange Washers:


Heat Exchangers
Valve Live Loading

18

Pipe Flange Fittings

(3)

Inconel 718

OD
T

Flange Washers

ID

Figure 1

Inconel 718 Nickel Alloy (ASTM B637)


Operating temperature range: -400 o to 1100o F. For high temperature service in corrosive atmospheres. Indoor / outdoor service. Non-magnetic.
Finish: Scale free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

6F80718

3/8

0.386

0.714

7F80718

7/16

0.450

8F89718

1/2

0.515

THK (T)

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD
2,400

TORQUE

0.077

0.085

0.008

0.820

0.077

0.087

0.010

2,400

17.5

0.900

0.090

0.100

0.010

3,300

27.4

15.2

8F125718

1/2

0.515

0.900

0.125

0.133

0.008

6,500

54.0

10F125718

5/8

0.644

1.148

0.125

0.137

0.012

6,400

66.0

12F125718

3/4

0.773

1.370

0.125

0.142

0.017

6,300

78.0

12F200718

3/4

0.773

1.370

0.193

0.204

0.011

12,000

150.0

14F150718

7/8

0.901

1.590

0.156

0.175

0.019

9,800

164.0

14F250718

7/8

0.901

1.590

0.250

0.267

0.012

26,400

382.0

16F168718

1.030

1.810

0.172

0.194

0.022

11,950

199.0

16F250718

1.030

1.810

0.250

0.270

0.015

26,000

430.0

18F200718

1 1/8

1.155

2.025

0.193

0.226

0.024

15,400

288.0

18F250718

1 1/8

1.155

2.025

0.250

0.274

0.019

25,000

480.0

20F150718

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.156

0.194

0.038

9,300

195.0

20F187718

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.187

0.235

0.031

15,100

315.0

20F250718

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.250

0.280

0.025

25,000

520.0

20F375718

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.375

0.397

0.017

59,000

1,230.0

22F150718

1 3/8

1.406

2.470

0.156

0.199

0.043

9,000

211.0

22F250718

1 3/8

1.406

2.470

0.250

0.278

0.028

25,400

582.0

22F375718

1 3/8

1.406

2.470

0.375

0.404

0.019

58,000

1,340.0

24F156718

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.156

0.204

0.054

9,000

225.0

24F187718

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.187

0.241

0.041

13,500

337.0

24F225718

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.225

0.260

0.035

20,000

502.0

24F375718

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.375

0.397

0.022

58,000

1,460.0

26F172718

1 5/8

1.649

2.950

0.172

0.226

0.054

10,000

300.0

26F187718

1 5/8

1.650

2.950

0.193

0.242

0.049

14,200

385.0

26F262718

1 5/8

1.650

2.950

0.262

0.300

0.038

27,500

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

745.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Solon Flange Washers Prevent Bolt Tension Loss Due To:


Differential Thermal Expansion

High Temperature Bolt Creep

Packing & Gasket Relaxation

Vibration

19

H-13 Tool Steel

OD
T

Flange Washers

ID

Figure 1

H-13 Tool Steel (ASTM A681)


Operating temperature range: Ambient to 1100 o F. For indoor / outdoor high temperature service. Available only in Solon Flange Washers.
Fully magnetic. Finish: Machined and lightly oiled.

Part Number
8F30

Bolt Size
1/2

ID Min
0.515

OD Max
1.011

(2)

THK (T)

0.120

0.133

DEF (h)

TORQUE

0.013

4,245

30.0

8F45

1/2

0.515

1.011

0.141

0.153

0.012

6,367

45.0

8F60

1/2

0.515

1.011

0.163

0.173

0.010

8,490

60.0

10F30

5/8

0.644

1.148

0.142

0.157

0.015

6,780

60.0

10F45

5/8

0.644

1.148

0.173

0.185

0.012

10,170

90.0

10F60

5/8

0.644

1.148

0.200

0.211

0.011

13,560

120.0

12F30

3/4

0.773

1.370

0.173

0.190

0.017

10,020

100.0

12F45

3/4

0.773

1.370

0.211

0.225

0.014

15,030

150.0

12F60

3/4

0.773

1.370

0.243

0.256

0.013

20,040

200.0

14F30

7/8

0.901

1.590

0.204

0.224

0.020

13,860

160.0

14F45

7/8

0.901

1.590

0.248

0.265

0.017

20,790

240.0

14F60

7/8

0.901

1.590

0.285

0.300

0.015

27,720

320.0

16F30

1.030

1.810

0.233

0.256

0.023

18,180

245.0

16F45

1.030

1.810

0.283

0.302

0.019

27,270

368.0

16F60

1.030

1.810

0.326

0.342

0.016

36,360

490.0

18F30

1 1/8

1.155

2.025

0.266

0.291

0.025

23,700

355.0

18F45

1 1/8

1.155

2.025

0.323

0.344

0.021

35,550

533.0

18F60

1 1/8

1.155

2.025

0.372

0.390

0.018

47,400

710.0

20F25

1 1/4

1.281

2.240

0.206

0.240

0.030

20,000

430.0

20F30

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.301

0.330

0.029

30,000

500.0

20F45

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.376

0.400

0.024

45,000

750.0

20F60

1 1/4

1.281

2.310

0.422

0.443

0.021

60,000

1,000.0

22F30

1 3/8

1.406

2.470

0.332

0.362

0.030

36,990

680.0

22F45

1 3/8

1.406

2.470

0.404

0.429

0.025

55,485

1,020.0

22F60

1 3/8

1.406

2.470

0.465

0.487

0.022

73,980

1,360.0

24F30

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.364

0.396

0.032

44,760

800.0

24F45

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.443

0.470

0.027

67,140

1,200.0

24F60

1 1/2

1.531

2.680

0.510

0.533

0.023

89,520

1,600.0

26F30

1 5/8

1.649

2.950

0.400

0.435

0.035

53,400

1,100.0

26F45

1 5/8

1.649

2.950

0.487

0.516

0.029

80,100

1,650.0

26F60

1 5/8

1.649

2.950

0.560

0.586

0.026

106,800

2,200.0

28F60

1 3/4

1.773

3.170

0.605

0.633

0.028

124,800

3,000.0

28F30

1 3/4

1.774

3.170

0.432

0.470

0.038

62,400

1,500.0

28F45

1 3/4

1.774

3.170

0.526

0.557

0.031

93,600

2,250.0

30F30

1 7/8

1.899

3.389

0.465

0.505

0.040

72,300

2,000.0

30F45

1 7/8

1.899

3.389

0.566

0.599

0.033

108,450

3,000.0

30F60

1 7/8

1.899

3.389

0.581

0.614

0.033

114,475

4,000.0

32F30

2.024

3.600

0.498

0.540

0.042

83,500

2,200.0

32F45

2.024

3.600

0.606

0.641

0.035

124,650

3,300.0

32F60

2.024

3.600

0.622

0.656

0.034

131,575

(2)

20

FLAT LOAD

Height = as shipped

4,400.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

(3)

H-13 Tool Steel

OD
T

Flange Washers

ID

Figure 1

H-13 Tool Steel (ASTM A681)


Operating temperature range: Ambient to 1100 o F. For indoor / outdoor high temperature service. Available only in Solon Flange Washers.
Fully magnetic. Finish: Machined and lightly oiled.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

36F30

2 1/4

2.281

4.040

0.563

0.610

0.047

106,800

36F45

2 1/4

2.281

4.040

0.686

0.725

0.039

160,200

4,770.0

36F60

2 1/4

2.281

4.040

0.704

0.742

0.038

169,100

6,360.0

40F30

2 1/2

2.531

4.483

0.629

0.681

0.052

133,200

4,400.0

40F45

2 1/2

2.531

4.483

0.766

0.809

0.043

199,800

6,600.0

40F60

2 1/2

2.531

4.483

0.786

0.828

0.042

210,900

8,800.0

44F30

2 3/4

2.781

4.920

0.695

0.752

0.057

162,900

5,920.0

44F45

2 3/4

2.781

4.920

0.847

0.894

0.047

244,350

8,800.0

44F60

2 3/4

2.781

4.920

0.869

0.915

0.046

257,925

11,840.0

48F30

3.031

5.360

0.761

0.822

0.061

195,300

7,720.0

48F45

3.031

5.360

0.927

0.978

0.051

292,950

11,580.0

3,180.0

48F60

3.031

5.360

0.952

1.002

0.050

309,225

15,440.0

52F60

3 1/4

3.306

5.810

1.037

1.087

0.050

551,806

29,900.0

56F30

3 1/2

3.530

6.125

0.841

0.901

0.060

240,354

14,020.0

56F45

3 1/2

3.530

6.125

1.024

1.080

0.056

360,330

21,020.0

56F60

3 1/2

3.530

6.125

1.179

1.227

0.048

480,458

28,027.0

60F30

3 3/4

3.812

6.671

0.871

0.948

0.077

274,250

17,140.0

60F45

3 3/4

3.812

6.671

1.062

1.126

0.064

412,800

25,800.0

60F60

3 3/4

3.812

6.671

1.222

1.278

0.056

550,080

34,380.0

64F30

4.054

7.135

0.970

1.050

0.080

321,415

21,428.0

64F45

4.054

7.135

1.180

1.247

0.067

481,141

32,076.0

64F60

4.054

7.135

1.359

1.417

0.058

642,053

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

42,803.0
(3)

Torque (ft. lbs.)

Note:
The last two digits of the Solon H-13 Flange Washer part number indicate the
calculated bolt stress:
30 = 30,000 PSI Bolt Stress
45 = 45,000 PSI Bolt Stress
60 = 60,000 PSI Bolt Stress

21

17- 7PH Stainless Steel

OD
T

Metric Flange Washers

h
ID

Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)


Operating temperature range: -240 o to 288o C. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
.0076 to .0127mm thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number

Bolt Size

M8-F-1.3-177

8mm

M10-F-2-177
M12-F-2.3-177
M14-F-2.3-177
M16-F-3-177

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

8.18

14.73

1.27

10mm

10.41

18.24

12mm

12.40

21.69

14mm

14.40

25.27

16mm

16.36

29.16

(2)

(4)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

TORQUE

1.68

0.20(1)

4,226

2.11

2.29

0.18

12,455

25.2

2.41

2.67

0.25

16,458

39.7

2.41

2.72

0.31

16,236

45.4

2.97

3.30

0.33

28,913

81.4

7.1

M18-F-3.5-177

18mm

18.39

32.64

3.45

3.81

0.37

33,584

121.0

M20-F-4-177

20mm

20.83

36.45

3.94

4.32

0.38

43,593

174.7

M22-F-4-177

22mm

22.89

40.39

3.94

4.42

0.48

43,370

190.4

M24-F-4-177

24mm

24.82

43.41

3.94

4.45

0.51

42,925

205.7

M27-F-4-177

27mm

27.81

48.69

3.94

4.62

0.69

42,258

228.1

M30-F-5-177

30mm

30.81

53.92

4.90

5.56

0.66

66,723

399.2

M32-F-5-177

32mm

32.79

57.38

4.90

5.64

0.74

66,056

421.7

M36-F-5-177

36mm

36.80

65.53

4.90

5.87

0.97

64,944

466.4

M36-F-7-177

36mm

36.80

65.53

6.48

7.37

0.89

117,433

844.7

M38-F-7-177

38mm

38.89

68.07

6.35

7.21

0.86

115,654

850.1

M39-F-7-177

39mm

39.62

69.85

6.48

7.34

0.86

117,678

907.0

M42-F-7-177

42mm

42.85

74.93

6.65

7.62

0.97

122,326

968.1

M45-F-7-177

45mm

45.72

80.52

7.14

8.16

1.02

137,895

1,233.8

M48-F-8-177

48mm

49.20

86.08

8.08

9.12

1.04

181,265

1,739.5

M52-F-8-177

52mm

52.81

92.20

8.08

9.27

1.19

180,153

1,868.3

M64-F-10-177

64mm

65.56

114.30

10.01

11.46

1.45

275,790

3,525.1

M72-F-10-177

72mm

72.90

127.00

10.01

11.76

1.75

272,009

3,914.3

M72-F-13-177

72mm

72.90

127.00

12.70

14.12

1.42

451,494

649.4

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(3)

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Typical Applications For Solon 17-7PH Metric Flange Washers:


Heat Exchangers
Valve Live Loading

22

Pipe Flange Fittings

Inconel 718 Metric

OD
T

Flange Washers

ID

Figure 1

Inconel 718 Nickel Alloy (ASTM B637)


Operating temperature range: - 240 o to 593 o C. For high temperature service in corrosive atmospheres. Indoor / outdoor service.
Non-magnetic. Finish: Scale-free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

M8-F-1.3-718

8mm

ID Min

THK (T)

14.73

1.27

1.47

0.20

4,439

8.18

(2)

OD Max

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

(4)

TORQUE
7.1

M8-F-2.0-718

8mm

8.18

14.73

1.96

2.09

0.13

10,898

17.5

M10-F-2.0-718

10mm

10.41

18.24

1.96

2.16

0.20

10,774

21.6

M10-F-2.5-718

10mm

10.41

18.24

2.54

2.69

0.15

18,522

37.0

M12-F-2.5-718

12mm

12.40

21.69

2.54

2.74

0.20

18,309

43.9

M12-F-3.2-718

12mm

12.40

21.69

3.18

3.35

0.18

29,016

69.6

M14-F-2.5-718

14mm

14.40

25.27

2.54

2.82

0.28

18,064

50.6

M16-F-3.2-718

16mm

16.36

29.16

3.18

3.48

0.31

28,469

90.7

M18-F-4.0-718

18mm

18.39

32.64

3.96

4.27

0.31

44,687

160.7

M20-F-4.0-718

20mm

20.60

36.45

3.96

4.34

0.38

44,309

177.2

M20-F-5.0-718

20mm

20.60

36.45

5.00

5.31

0.31

74,156

300.2

M22-F-4.0-718

22mm

22.89

40.39

3.96

4.45

0.48

43,859

192.9

M24-F-4.0-718

24mm

24.82

43.41

3.96

4.50

0.53

43,486

208.8

M24-F-6.4-718

24mm

24.82

43.41

6.48

6.81

0.33

120,876

580.3

M27-F-4.0-718

27mm

27.81

48.69

3.96

4.62

0.66

42,836

231.3

M30-F-5.0-718

30mm

30.81

53.90

5.08

5.72

0.64

71,741

430.3

M30-F-6.4-718

30mm

30.81

53.90

6.48

7.01

0.53

119,275

715.6

M32-F-5.0-718

32mm

31.47

57.38

5.08

5.84

0.76

71,314

456.1

M32-F-6.4-718

32mm

32.79

57.38

6.48

7.06

0.58

118,692

759.1

M33-F-6.4-718

33mm

33.53

59.18

6.48

7.11

0.64

118,434

781.5

M36-F-5.0-718

36mm

36.80

65.53

5.08

6.02

0.94

69,926

503.3

M36-F-6.4-718

36mm

36.80

65.53

6.48

7.24

0.76

117,433

843.3

M36-F-9.5-718

36mm

36.80

65.53

9.53

10.06

0.53

261,435

1,881.9

M42-F-6.9-718

42mm

42.85

74.93

6.88

7.80

0.91

131,325

1,102.8

M42-F-9.5-718

42mm

42.85

74.93

9.53

10.21

0.69

258,966

2,174.6

M45-F-6.4-718

45mm

45.72

80.52

6.48

7.59

1.12

114,319

1,027.7

M48-F-8.0-718

48mm

49.20

86.08

8.08

9.12

1.04

181,274

1,739.5

M48-F-9.5-718

48mm

49.20

86.08

9.53

10.41

0.89

256,253

2,459.1

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(3)

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Typical Applications For Solon Inconel 718 Metric Flange Washers:


Heat Exchangers

Pipe Flange Fittings

Valve Live Loading

23

H-13 Tool Steel

OD
T

Metric Flange Washers

ID

H-13 Tool Steel (ASTM A681)


Operating temperature range: Ambient to 593 o C. For indoor / outdoor high temperature service. Available only in Solon Flange Washers.
Fully magnetic. Finish: Machined and lightly oiled.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

M10-F-2.2-H13

10mm

10.41

18.24

2.16

M10-F-2.6-H13

10mm

10.41

18.24

M10-F-3.0-H13

10mm

10.41

18.24

M12-F-2.6-H13

12mm

12.40

M12-F-3.2-H13

12mm

12.40

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

(4)

TORQUE

2.39

0.23

10,818

21.6

2.64

2.82

0.18

16,223

32.4

3.02

3.20

0.18

21,632

43.3

21.69

2.62

2.90

0.28

15,769

37.8

21.69

3.18

3.40

0.23

23,656

56.7

M12-F-3.7-H13

12mm

12.40

21.69

3.66

3.86

0.20

31,542

75.7

M14-F-3.0-H13

14mm

14.40

25.27

3.05

3.35

0.31

21,658

60.6

M14-F-3.7-H13

14mm

14.40

25.27

3.71

3.96

0.25

32,503

91.0

M14-F-4.3-H13

14mm

14.40

25.27

4.27

4.50

0.23

43,317

121.2

M16-F-3.6-H13

16mm

16.36

29.16

3.61

3.99

0.38

30,159

81.4

M16-F-4.4-H13

16mm

16.36

29.16

4.39

4.70

0.31

45,238

122.0

M16-F-5.1-H13

16mm

16.36

29.16

5.11

5.38

0.28

60,318

162.7

M18-F-4.2-H13

18mm

18.39

32.64

4.19

4.57

0.38

41,324

147.8

M18-F-5.0-H13

18mm

18.39

32.64

5.05

5.38

0.33

60,852

218.3

M18-F-5.9-H13

18mm

18.39

32.64

5.89

6.17

0.28

83,360

299.6

M20-F-4.5-H13

20mm

20.60

36.96

4.47

4.88

0.41

46,573

186.2

M20-F-5.4-H13

20mm

20.60

36.96

5.44

5.79

0.36

69,859

279.3

M20-F-6.1-H13

20mm

20.60

36.96

6.15

6.45

0.31

93,146

372.4

M22-F-5.3-H13

22mm

22.89

40.39

5.31

5.82

0.51

61,652

216.9

M22-F-6.4-H13

22mm

22.89

40.39

6.45

6.88

0.43

92,478

325.4

M22-F-7.4-H13

22mm

22.89

40.39

7.42

7.80

0.38

123,305

433.9

M24-F-5.4-H13

24mm

24.82

43.41

5.38

5.92

0.53

67,124

329.3

M24-F-6.5-H13

24mm

24.82

43.41

6.53

6.96

0.43

100,685

494.1

M24-F-7.5-H13

24mm

24.82

43.41

7.52

7.90

0.38

134,247

658.8

M27-F-5.9-H13

27mm

27.81

48.69

5.97

6.60

0.64

88,075

474.5

M27-F-7.3-H13

27mm

27.81

48.69

7.26

7.80

0.53

132,112

713.4

M27-F-8.4-H13

27mm

27.81

48.69

8.38

8.81

0.43

176,683

954.1

M30-F-6.8-H13

30mm

30.81

53.92

6.78

7.42

0.64

107,291

643.7

M30-F-8.3-H13

30mm

30.81

53.92

8.26

8.79

0.53

160,937

965.6

M30-F-10.1-H13

30mm

30.81

53.92

9.50

9.98

0.48

214,582

1,287.5

M32-F-8.4-H13

32mm

32.54

58.67

7.65

8.38

0.74

133,447

677.9

M32-F-10.2-H13

32mm

32.54

58.67

9.55

10.16

0.61

200,170

1,016.9

M32-F-10.9-H13

32mm

32.54

58.67

10.72

11.25

0.53

266,893

1,355.8

M33-F-7.6-H13

33mm

33.53

59.18

7.57

8.26

0.69

133,847

883.2

M33-F-9.2-H13

33mm

33.53

59.18

9.22

9.80

0.58

200,770

1,324.9

M33-F-10.6-H13

33mm

33.53

59.18

10.62

11.13

0.51

267,694

1,766.5

M36-F-8.2-H13

36mm

36.80

65.53

8.18

8.99

0.81

157,053

1,130.5

M36-F-10.0-H13

36mm

36.80

65.53

9.96

10.64

0.69

235,582

2,061.9

M36-F-11.5-H13

36mm

36.80

65.53

11.46

12.04

0.58

314,107

2,261.1

M39-F-13-H13

39mm

39.62

68.07

12.95

13.54

0.58

398,205

2,169.3

(2)

24

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

(3)

H-13 Tool Steel

OD
T

Metric Flange Washers

ID

H-13 Tool Steel (ASTM A681)


Operating temperature range: Ambient to 593 o C. For indoor / outdoor high temperature service. Available only in Solon Flange Washers.
Fully magnetic. Finish: Machined and lightly oiled.

Part Number

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

(4)

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

TORQUE

M42-F-10.2-H13

42mm

42.85

74.93

10.41

11.28

0.86

237,535

M42-F-12.4-H13

42mm

42.85

74.93

12.67

13.36

0.69

356,302

2,237.1

M42-F-14.6-H13

42mm

42.85

74.93

14.58

15.21

0.64

475,960

2,982.8

M48-F-12.0-H13

48mm

48.23

86.08

11.81

12.83

1.02

321,606

2,711.6

M48-F-14.6-H13

48mm

48.23

86.08

14.38

15.21

0.84

482,409

4,067.5

M48-F-15.0-H13

48mm

48.23

86.08

14.76

15.60

0.84

509,210

5,423.3

M52-F-15.8-H13

52mm

52.81

91.44

15.80

16.66

0.86

585,275

5,965.6

1,491.4

M72-F-22.1-H13

72mm

73.51

128.65

22.15

23.29

1.14

1,145,550

16,492.2

M80-F-19-H13

80mm

81.53

140.00

19.05

20.57

1.52

900,115

14,401.5

M80-F-27-H13

80mm

81.53

140.00

26.59

27.69

1.09

1,783,959

28,540.0

M90-F-21.3-H13

90mm

91.24

155.58

21.36

22.89

1.52

1,069,147

19,008.6

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(3)

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Solon Flange Washers Prevent Bolt Tension Loss Due To:


Differential Thermal Expansion

High Temperature Bolt Creep

Packing & Gasket Relaxation

Vibration

25

17-7PH Stainless Steel

OD

Metric Belleville Springs

ID

Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)


Operating temperature range: -240 o to 288o C. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
.0076 to .0127mm thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number

Bolt Size

OD Max

THK (T)

M4-8-.40-177

4mm

4.19

8.00

0.38

M4-L-.60-177

4mm

4.19

8.74

M4-M-.80-177

4mm

4.19

10.31

M4-H-.90-177

4mm

4.19

M4-EH-1.10-177

4mm

4.19

M5-L-.80-177

5mm

5.21

M5-M-.90-177

5mm

5.21

M5-H-1.10-177

5mm

M5-EH-1.30-177

(2)

(4)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

0.79

0.18(1)

356

0.3

0.64

1.14

0.18

1,068

0.9

0.79

1.35

0.20(1)

1,646

1.3

11.91

0.89

1.55

0.25

(1)

2,002

1.7

14.30

1.07

1.83

0.31(1)

2,669

2.2

10.31

0.79

1.12

0.15

1,668

1.6

11.91

0.89

1.45

0.23(1)

2,091

2.1

5.21

14.30

1.07

1.75

0.28(1)

2,891

2.9

5mm

5.21

17.48

1.27

2.21

0.43(1)

3,781

3.7

M6-L-1.10-177

6mm

6.20

14.30

1.07

1.70

0.25(1)

3,025

3.6

M6-M-1.3-177

6mm

6.20

17.48

1.27

2.16

0.41(1)

4,115

4.1

M6-14-1.6-177

6mm

6.20

14.00

1.57

1.75

0.18(1)

5,338

6.9

M6-H-1.5-177

6mm

6.20

20.65

1.57

2.01

0.43

5,783

7.2

M6-EH-1.8-177

6mm

6.20

24.00

1.83

2.41

0.58

8,007

9.0

M7-17-1.8-177

7mm

7.19

16.99

1.83

2.06

0.23

8,452

12.1

M8-16-.90-177

8mm

8.18

16.00

0.81

1.17

0.36(1)

1,334

2.2

M8-L-1.3-177

8mm

8.18

17.48

1.27

2.08

0.33

M8-M-1.5-177

8mm

8.18

20.65

1.57

1.98

0.41

(1)

(1)

(1)

TORQUE

4,448

7.5

6,450

10.3

M8-H-1.8-177

8mm

8.18

24.00

1.83

2.34

0.51

8,452

13.8

M8-18-2.1-177

8mm

8.18

18.01

2.11

2.34

0.23

12,900

20.6

M8-EH-2.1-177

8mm

8.18

27.00

2.11

2.69

0.58

10,453

15.9

M8-35-2.1-177

8mm

8.18

35.00

2.11

3.15

1.04

9,119

14.6

M10-32-1.5-177

10mm

10.19

31.88

1.55

2.51

0.97

5,227

10.5

M10-L-1.5-177

10mm

10.21

20.65

1.57

1.88

0.33

6,672

12.9

M10-M-1.8-177

10mm

10.21

24.00

1.83

2.26

0.43

8,452

16.5

M10-H-2.1-177

10mm

10.21

27.00

2.11

2.64

0.53

11,565

23.2

M10-EH-2.4-177

10mm

10.21

30.18

2.41

3.05

0.64

14,679

29.7

M10-23-2.4-177

10mm

10.31

23.83

2.41

2.74

0.33

16,014

32.4

M12-L-1.8-177

12mm

12.40

24.00

1.83

2.24

0.38

9,341

22.4

M12-M-2.1-177

12mm

12.40

27.00

2.11

2.62

0.48

12,010

28.7

M12-H-2.4-177

12mm

12.40

33.35

2.41

3.12

0.71

14,679

35.9

M12-29-3.0-177

12mm

12.40

28.98

2.97

3.40

0.43

24,465

59.1

M12-EH-3.0-177

12mm

12.40

38.10

2.97

3.76

0.81

22,241

52.9

M14-L-2.4-177

14mm

14.40

30.18

2.41

2.92

0.48

15,569

31.2

M14-M-2.4-177

14mm

14.40

33.35

2.41

3.07

0.66

15,346

43.0

M14-H-3.0-177

14mm

14.40

38.10

2.97

3.73

0.76

23,131

64.8

M14-35-3.5-177

14mm

14.40

34.98

3.45

3.99

0.53

32,917

92.3

M14-EH-3.4-177

14mm

14.40

44.45

3.45

4.42

0.97

26,502

75.9

M16-L-2.4-177

16mm

16.36

33.35

2.41

3.00

0.58

15,569

49.4

M16-M-3.0-177

16mm

16.36

38.10

2.97

3.68

0.71

23,576

75.8

M16-H-3.4-177

16mm

16.36

44.45

3.45

4.39

0.94

28,469

91.5

M16-39-3.9-177

16mm

16.36

38.99

3.94

4.52

0.58

43,148

136.9

M16-EH-4.0-177

16mm

16.36

51.00

3.94

5.05

1.12

38,477

123.0

(1)

26

ID Min

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

(3)

17-7PH Stainless Steel

OD

Metric Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Type 17-7PH Stainless Steel (ASTM A693)


Operating temperature range: -240 o to 288 o C. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Not recommended for chloride and
fluoride applications. Suitable for cryogenic applications. Highly magnetic. Finish: Scale free, or if desired, a Sulfamate Nickel plating from
.0076 to .0127mm thick in accordance with AMS 2424D can be supplied.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

M18-L-3.0-177

18mm

18.39

38.10

2.97

(2)

3.61

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

0.64

(4)

TORQUE

24,020

86.1

M18-51-3.2-177

18mm

18.39

50.80

3.18

4.42

1.25

24,910

89.5

M18-M-3.4-177

18mm

18.39

44.45

3.45

4.29

0.84

32,027

114.6

M18-H-4.0-177

18mm

18.39

51.00

3.94

4.98

1.04

40,034

144.5

M18-42-4.9-177

18mm

18.39

41.99

4.90

5.44

0.53

68,058

245.5

M18-EH-4.9-177

18mm

18.39

57.15

4.90

6.05

1.14

60,941

219.6

M20-40-3.5-177

20mm

20.60

40.01

3.45

4.04

0.58

32,917

131.5

M20-L-3.4-177

20mm

20.60

44.45

3.45

4.22

0.76

32,472

128.8

M20-M-4.0-177

20mm

20.60

51.00

3.94

4.93

0.99

40,924

164.1

M20-40-4.9-177

20mm

20.60

40.01

4.90

5.33

0.43

68,947

247.7

M20-45-4.9-177

20mm

20.60

45.01

4.90

5.49

0.58

68,058

271.4

M20-H-4.9-177

20mm

20.60

57.15

4.90

5.99

1.09

63,610

253.5

M20-EH-4.9-177

20mm

20.60

63.50

4.90

6.27

1.37

59,606

239.2

M22-L-3.4-177

22mm

22.61

44.45

3.45

4.17

0.71

32,472

142.4

M22-M-4.0-177

22mm

22.61

51.00

3.94

4.85

0.91

41,813

183.0

M22-H-4.9-177

22mm

22.61

57.15

4.90

5.92

1.02

64,944

284.7

M22-EH-4.9-177

22mm

22.61

63.50

4.90

6.22

1.32

61,830

272.1

M22-49-4.9-177

22mm

22.71

49.00

4.90

5.59

0.69

67,168

296.1

M24-L-4.0-177

24mm

24.61

51.00

3.94

4.80

0.86

41,813

201.1

M24-M-4.9-177

24mm

24.61

57.15

4.90

5.87

0.97

65,389

313.2

M24-H-4.9-177

24mm

24.61

63.50

4.90

6.15

1.25

63,165

303.4

M24-56-6.4-177

24mm

24.79

55.98

6.48

7.19

0.71

119,212

571.1

M27-L-4.0-177

27mm

27.61

51.00

3.94

4.70

0.76

42,036

226.8

M27-M-4.9-177

27mm

27.61

57.15

4.90

5.77

0.89

66,056

356.9

M27-H-4.9-177

27mm

27.61

63.50

4.90

6.07

1.17

64,499

347.8

M27-60-6.4-177

27mm

27.79

59.99

6.48

7.26

0.79

118,767

640.0

M30-L-4.9-177

30mm

30.71

57.15

4.90

5.64

0.74

66,278

396.9

M30-M-4.9-177

30mm

30.71

63.50

4.90

5.97

1.07

64,944

389.7

M30-H-5.7-177

30mm

30.71

76.20

6.48

7.85

1.37

112,985

678.5

M30-70-6.4-177

30mm

30.81

69.98

6.48

7.57

1.09

115,876

695.1

M33-L-5-177

33mm

33.53

63.50

4.90

5.89

0.99

64,944

416.2

M36-L-5.0-177

36mm

36.80

73.03

4.90

6.25

1.35

63,343

456.0

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(3)

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Typical Applications For Solon 17-7PH Belleville Springs:


Pole Line Hardware

Electrical Bus Bar

Circuit Breakers

Substations

Valve Live Loading

Pipe Hold Downs


27

301 Stainless Steel

OD

Metric Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Type 301 Stainless Steel (ASTM A666)


Operating temperature range: -240 o to 288o C. For indoor / outdoor service and corrosive atmospheres. Slightly magnetic. Finish: Scale
free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

M4-H-1.10-301

4mm

M4-EH-1.10-301
M6-L-1.10-301
M6-M-1.3-301
M6-H-1.5-301
M6-EH-1.8-301
M8-L-1.3-301

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

4.19

11.91

1.07

4mm

4.19

14.30

6mm

6.20

14.30

6mm

6.20

17.48

6mm

6.20

20.65

6mm

6.20

8mm

8.18

M8-M-1.5-301

8mm

M8-H-1.8-301

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

1.60

0.20(1)

1.07
1.07

(4)

TORQUE

2,313

1.9

1.85

(1)

0.31

2,113

1.6

1.65

0.25(1)

2,313

2.7

1.27

2.03

0.36

(1)

3,247

3.8

1.57

2.03

0.43(1)

4,448

5.6

24.00

1.85

17.48

1.27

8.18

20.65

8mm

8.18

M8-EH-2.1-301

8mm

M10-L-1.5-301

3.18

0.51

(1)

5,783

7.1

2.03

0.28(1)

3,336

5.4

1.57

2.54

0.38(1)

5,115

8.3

24.00

1.85

2.92

0.56(1)

6,672

11.0

8.18

27.00

2.11

3.51

0.53(1)

8,452

13.6

10mm

10.21

20.65

1.57

2.39

0.31(1)

6,672

13.3

M10-M-1.8-301

10mm

10.21

24.00

1.85

2.92

0.41(1)

7,117

14.4

M10-H-2.1-301

10mm

10.21

27.00

2.11

3.38

0.48(1)

8,896

18.3

M10-EH-2.4-301

10mm

10.21

30.18

2.41

4.14

0.61(1)

11,565

23.3

M12-L-1.8-301

12mm

12.40

24.00

1.85

2.77

0.36(1)

7,117

17.5

M12-M-2.1-301

12mm

12.40

27.00

2.11

3.23

0.43(1)

9,341

22.5

M12-H-2.4-301

12mm

12.40

30.18

2.41

4.06

0.61(1)

12,455

29.8

M12-32-3.2-301

12mm

12.40

31.75

3.18

4.83

0.58(1)

24,465

58.7

M14-L-2.4-301

14mm

14.40

30.18

2.41

3.48

0.38(1)

12,455

34.8

M14-M-2.4-301

14mm

14.40

33.35

2.41

3.94

0.58(1)

12,010

33.9

M14-32-3.2-301

14mm

14.40

31.75

3.18

4.90

0.71(1)

24,465

68.5

M16-L-2.4-301

16mm

16.36

33.35

2.41

3.78

0.53(1)

12,455

39.3

M16-32-3.2-301

16mm

16.36

31.75

3.18

4.04

0.36

24,465

78.2

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

(1)

Torque = newton-meters

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Typical Applications For Solon 301SS Belleville Springs:

28

Pole Line Hardware

Electrical Bus Bar

Circuit Breakers

Structural Members

Valve Live Loading

Pipe Hold Downs

(3)

Alloy / Carbon Steel

OD

Metric Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

AISI 6150 Alloy (ASTM A506)


Operating temperature range: -40 o to 177o C. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0127mm thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.
AISI 1074 High Carbon Steel (ASTM A684)
Operating temperature range: -40 o to 177 o C. For indoor / outdoor service, electrical and mechanical applications. Fully magnetic. Finish:
Mechanically zinc plated, .0127mm thick with a clear chromate dip. (ASTM B695, Class 12, Type I) Type II available on request. Where plating
is not desired, a scale free, oiled finish can be supplied.

Part Number

Bolt Size

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

(4)

TORQUE

M5-14-1.1

5mm

5.21

14.30

1.09

1.78

0.36(1)

3,701

3.7

M6-14-1.1

6mm

6.20

14.30

1.09

1.73

0.31

(1)

3,870

4.6

M6-14-1.6

6mm

6.20

14.00

1.50

1.98

0.23(1)

7,651

9.2

M7-17-1.8

7mm

7.19

16.99

1.83

2.11

0.28

9,341

13.0

M8-18-2.1

8mm

8.18

18.01

2.08

2.36

0.28

12,455

19.9

M10-21-1.6

10mm

10.31

20.65

1.60

2.01

0.41

8,340

16.7

M10-24-1.8

10mm

10.31

23.83

1.83

2.39

0.56

12,010

24.0

M10-27-2.1

10mm

10.31

27.00

2.08

2.82

0.74

15,569

31.1

M10-23-2.5

10mm

10.31

23.01

2.57

2.95

0.38

21,796

45.0

M10-30-2.5

10mm

10.31

30.18

2.57

3.25

0.69

20,017

40.0

M12-29-3.0

12mm

12.40

28.98

2.92

3.45

0.53

28,024

59.8

M14-35-3.5

14mm

14.40

34.98

3.40

4.06

0.66

32,917

92.2

M16-39-3.9

16mm

16.36

38.99

3.91

5.33

1.27(1)

44,037

141.0

M16-45-4.9

16mm

16.36

44.30

4.88

6.81

0.81(1)

79,178

252.1

M18-42-4.9

18mm

18.59

41.99

4.37

5.11

0.74

55,603

200.1

M20-45-3.8

20mm

19.99

44.98

3.91

4.85

0.84

51,155

202.7

M20-40-1.0

20mm

20.40

40.01

1.02

2.30

1.28

1,076

8.8

M20-40-3.4

20mm

20.60

40.01

3.40

4.09

0.69

37,810

153.6

M20-L-3.4

20mm

20.60

44.45

3.40

4.32

0.91

37,810

150.0

M20-45-4.9

20mm

20.60

44.98

4.88

5.56

0.69

70,282

280.9

M22-49-4.9

22mm

22.71

49.00

5.36

6.17

0.81

84,516

371.8

M24-56-6.4

24mm

24.79

55.98

5.87

6.86

0.99

101,419

486.9

M27-60-6.4

27mm

27.79

59.99

6.35

8.69

1.04(1)

120,102

648.6

M30-70-6.4

30mm

30.81

69.98

6.83

8.26

1.32

136,560

819.3

(1)

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(3)

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Typical Applications For Solon Alloy/Carbon Belleville Springs:


Off Highway Equipment

Torque Limiters

Seismic Damping

Fail Safe Brakes

Small Engines

Structural Members

29

Inconel 718 Metric

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Inconel 718 Nickel Alloy (ASTM B637)


Operating temperature range: - 240 o to 593 o C. For high temperature service in corrosive atmospheres. Indoor / outdoor service.
Non-magnetic. Finish: Scale-free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

M4-L-.60-718

4mm

4.19

8.74

0.64

M4-M-.80-718

4mm

4.19

10.31

M5-L-.80-718

5mm

5.21

10.31

M5-H-1.0-718

5mm

5.21

14.30

M5-EH-1.3-718

5mm

5.21

M6-L-1.0-718

6mm

M6-M-1.3-718

6mm

OD Max

THK (T)

(2)

(4)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

0.81

0.15(1)

1,112

0.75

1.14

0.20

1,646

1.4

0.75

1.07

0.15(1)

1,668

1.7

1.02

1.47

0.31(1)

4,226

2.6

17.48

1.27

2.01

0.43(1)

3,781

3.8

6.20

14.30

1.02

1.40

0.28(1)

2,713

3.3

6.20

17.48

1.27

1.98

0.38(1)

4,092

4.9

(1)

TORQUE
1.0

M6-H-1.5-718

6mm

6.20

20.65

1.55

2.01

0.46

5,738

6.9

M6-EH-1.8-718

6mm

6.20

24.00

1.80

2.39

0.58

6,984

8.4

M8-L-1.3-718

8mm

8.18

17.48

1.27

1.88

0.33(1)

4,448

7.1

M8-M-1.5-718

8mm

8.18

20.65

1.55

1.96

0.41

6,228

9.9

M8-H-1.8-718

8mm

8.18

24.00

1.80

2.31

0.51

8,207

13.2

M8-EH-2.0-718

8mm

8.18

27.00

1.96

2.54

0.58

9,119

14.6

M10-20-1.0-718

10mm

10.21

19.99

1.02

1.45

0.43

1,890

3.8

M10-L-1.5-718

10mm

10.21

20.65

1.55

1.91

0.36

6,450

12.9

M10-M-1.8-718

10mm

10.21

24.00

1.80

2.24

0.43

8,630

17.2

M10-H-2.0-718

10mm

10.21

27.00

1.96

2.51

0.56

9,875

19.7

M10-EH-2.3-718

10mm

10.21

30.18

2.29

2.92

0.64

13,167

26.3

M10-28-1.5-718

10mm

10.31

27.94

1.54

2.26

0.74

4,982

9.9

M12-L-1.8-718

12mm

12.40

24.00

1.80

2.18

0.38

9,341

22.4

M12-M-2.0-718

12mm

12.40

27.00

1.96

2.44

0.48

12,010

28.7

M12-H-2.3-718

12mm

12.40

30.18

2.29

2.87

0.58

13,834

33.2

M12-33-2.5-718

12mm

12.40

33.35

2.54

3.23

0.69

16,770

40.3

M12-38-3.2-718

12mm

12.40

38.10

3.18

3.96

0.79

25,488

61.2

M14-28-1.5-718

14mm

14.20

27.99

1.55

2.13

0.58

4,448

12.5

M14-L-2.3-718

14mm

14.40

30.18

2.29

2.82

0.53

14,056

39.3

M14-M-2.5-718

14mm

14.40

33.35

2.54

3.15

0.61

17,215

48.1

M14-H-3.2-718

14mm

14.40

38.10

3.18

3.89

0.71

26,689

74.8

M14-EH-3.2-718

14mm

14.40

44.45

3.18

4.19

1.02

24,688

69.0

M16-L-2.5-718

16mm

16.36

33.35

2.54

3.10

0.56

17,348

55.6

M16-M-3.2-718

16mm

16.36

38.10

3.18

3.84

0.66

27,357

87.5

M16-H-3.2-718

16mm

16.36

44.45

3.18

4.14

0.97

25,800

82.6

M16-EH-3.9-718

16mm

16.36

51.00

3.81

4.95

1.14

35,719

114.2

M18-L-3.2-718

18mm

18.39

38.10

3.18

3.78

0.61

27,579

99.4

M18-M-3.2-718

18mm

18.39

44.45

3.18

4.06

0.89

26,422

95.0

M18-H-3.9-718

18mm

18.39

51.00

3.94

4.98

1.04

40,034

144.0

M20-L-3.2-718

20mm

20.60

44.45

3.18

4.01

0.84

26,778

107.1

M20-M-3.9-718

20mm

20.60

51.00

3.94

4.93

0.99

41,102

164.3

M20-H-4.9-718

20mm

20.60

57.15

4.90

5.99

1.09

63,610

253.5

M20-EH-4.9-718

20mm

20.60

63.50

4.90

6.27

1.37

59,606

239.2

(1)

30

ID Min

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

(3)

Inconel 718 Metric

OD
T

Belleville Springs

ID

Figure 1

Inconel 718 Nickel Alloy (ASTM B637)


Operating temperature range: - 240 o to 593 o C. For high temperature service in corrosive atmospheres. Indoor / outdoor service.
Non-magnetic. Finish: Scale-free and deburred.

Part Number

Bolt Size

M22-L-3.2-718

22mm

M22-M-3.9-718
M22-H-4.9-718

ID Min

(2)

DEF (h)

FLAT LOAD

(4)

OD Max

THK (T)

TORQUE

22.61

44.45

3.18

3.94

0.76

22mm

22.61

51.00

3.94

4.85

0.91

41,635

183.2

22mm

22.61

57.15

4.90

5.92

1.02

64,944

284.7

M22-EH-4.9-718

22mm

22.61

63.50

4.90

6.22

1.32

61,830

272.1

M24-L-3.9-718

22mm

24.61

51.00

3.94

4.80

0.86

41,902

201.1

26,912

118.4

M24-M-4.9-718

22mm

24.61

57.15

4.90

5.87

0.97

65,389

313.2

M24-H-4.9-718

22mm

24.61

63.50

4.90

6.15

1.25

63,165

303.4

M27-L-3.9-718

27mm

27.61

51.00

3.94

4.70

0.76

41,991

226.7

M27-M-4.9-718

27mm

27.61

57.15

4.90

5.79

0.89

66,056

356.9

M27-H-4.9-718

27mm

27.61

63.50

4.90

6.07

1.17

64,499

347.8

M30-L-4.9-718

30mm

30.71

57.15

4.90

5.69

0.79

66,278

397.0

M30-M-4.9-718

30mm

30.71

63.50

4.90

5.97

1.07

64,944

389.7

M30-H-5.7-718

30mm

30.71

76.20

6.48

7.98

1.50

86,073

516.4

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

Torque = newton-meters

(3)

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Typical Applications For Solon Inconel 718 Belleville Springs:


Marine Applications

Electrical Bus Bar

Valve Live Loading

Coastal Substations

31

510 Phosphor Bronze

OD

Metric Belleville Springs

ID

510 Phosphor Bronze (ASTM B103)


Operating temperature range: -240 o to 150o C. For use with copper bus and silicon bronze bolts and nuts. Also for non-magnetic requirements
and good electrical conductivity. Non-magnetic. Finish: Scale free and deburred.

ID Min

OD Max

THK (T)

(2)

Part Number

Bolt Size

DEF (h)

M4-L-.70-PB

4mm

4.19

8.74

0.81

1.02

0.10(1)

M4-M-.80-PB

4mm

4.19

10.31

0.81

M4-H-.90-PB

4mm

4.19

11.91

0.81

M6-L-1.10-PB

6mm

6.20

14.30

M6-M-1.3-PB

6mm

6.20

M6-H-1.5-PB

6mm

M8-F-1.3-PB

FLAT LOAD

(4)

TORQUE

712

0.6

1.14

0.15

(1)

712

0.6

1.40

0.18(1)

792

0.6

1.02

1.57

0.23(1)

1,303

1.6

17.48

1.27

2.06

0.31(1)

1,668

2.3

6.20

20.65

1.59

2.51

0.38(1)

2,847

3.4

8mm

8.18

14.73

1.27

1.57

0.15(1)

2,189

3.5

M8-L-1.3-PB

8mm

8.18

17.48

1.27

2.01

0.31(1)

2,224

3.5

M8-M-1.5-PB

8mm

8.18

20.65

1.59

2.41

0.36(1)

3,114

5.0

M8-EH-2.1-PB

8mm

8.18

27.00

2.03

3.28

0.51(1)

4,751

7.6

M10-L-1.5-PB

10mm

10.21

20.65

1.59

2.36

0.31(1)

3,114

6.1

M10-F-2.1-PB

10mm

10.21

18.24

2.03

2.34

0.15(1)

5,538

11.1

M10-H-2.1-PB

10mm

10.21

27.00

2.03

M10-EH-2.4-PB

10mm

10.21

30.18

2.36

M12-M-2.1-PB

12mm

12.40

27.00

M12-F-2.3-PB

12mm

12.40

M12-H-2.4-PB

12mm

M12-35-3.2-PB

3.18

0.46

(1)

5,151

10.3

3.56

0.43(1)

6,672

13.6

2.03

3.18

0.43(1)

5,338

12.7

21.69

2.36

2.67

0.15(1)

7,691

18.4

12.40

30.18

2.36

3.56

0.43(1)

7,117

17.1

12mm

12.40

33.35

3.18

4.83

0.46(1)

14,706

35.3

M12-EH-3.2-PB

12mm

12.40

38.10

3.18

4.83

0.64(1)

13,789

33.1

M14-F-2.3-PB

14mm

14.40

25.27

2.36

2.82

0.23(1)

7,606

21.3

M14-L-2.4-PB

14mm

14.40

30.18

2.36

3.43

0.41

(1)

7,228

20.2

M14-M-3.2-PB

14mm

14.40

33.35

3.18

4.19

0.41(1)

15,124

42.3

M14-H-3.2-PB

14mm

14.40

38.10

3.18

M16-F-3.2-PB

16mm

16.36

29.16

3.18

M16-M-3.2-PB

16mm

16.36

38.10

M16-H-3.2-PB

16mm

16.36

M18-F-3.2-PB

18mm

M18-L-3.2-PB

18mm

M18-H-3.2-PB

18mm

(1)

4.65

0.58

(1)

13,567

38.0

3.63

0.23(1)

13,923

44.5

3.18

4.57

0.56(1)

13,789

43.8

44.45

3.18

4.95

0.84(1)

12,900

41.0

18.39

32.64

3.18

3.73

0.28

(1)

13,789

49.6

18.39

38.10

3.18

4.37

0.48(1)

14,679

47.5

18.39

44.45

3.18

5.03

0.71

12,677

45.6

After initial loading - Parts are not prestressed

(2)

Height = as shipped

(3)

(1)

Torque = newton-meters

(4)

Flat Load = newtons

Typical Applications For Solon 510PB Belleville Springs:


Electrical Bus Bar

Pole Line Hardware

Circuit Breakers

Substations

Switchgear

32

(3)

SOLON MANUFACTURING CO.

INDUSTRIAL
CONTROLS

Standard and Custom Engineered Pressure Controls for Industry

Solons design allows many special features to be combined to specify


unusual pressure switch functions.
Solons Can Do attitude over the years has resulted in a
series of pressure switches with varied capabilities to meet
diverse needs. Our Engineering staff is always available to
answer your pressure switch questions.

Solon Pressure Switches


Designed for easy specification and use:
Complete adjustable pressure ranges from 0-1.5 WC through
10,000 PSI include pressure, vacuum, vacuum-pressure, and
differential pressure.
S.P.D.T. electric switches with 15 amp, AC ratings are standard.
High DC rated switches and hermetically sealed switches are
easily specified.
A simple sensitive mechanism produces low dead bands. An
adjustable dead band is available on most models as a feature.
With the cover removed all wiring terminals and pressure adjustments are directly accessible from the front. Convenient conduit
outlets are sized for easy wiring.
All models are supplied with mounting brackets that make surface mounting easy. Panel mounting brackets and pipe mounting
fittings are available, and some models can be mounted directly
to standard flanges.
Many special features can be specified on all the models to
customize a switch for a particular application.

Many Solon pressure switches are UL listed and CSA Certified


Special features are available on
Listed and
Certified
switches used in NEMA 4 & 12 General Purpose Applications.
Special features are available on
Listed and
Certified
switches used in Class I, Groups C&D Class II, Groups E,F &G
Hazardous locations.

HIGH QUALITY

PROMPT DELIVERY
33

SOLON MANUFACTURING CO.

INDUSTRIAL
CONTROLS

Standard and Custom Engineered Pressure Controls for Industry


Solon Pressure Switches
Solons unique design allows many features to be
combined to build a variety of switch functions. Since
many of the components used are off the shelf, a highly
specialized switch can often be ordered and shipped
the same day. A simple sensitive mechanism produces
low deadbands.

Solon Bellows Actuated Pressure Switches


Solons Bellows Actuated Pressure Switches use all metal
bellows as their sensing elements. The wetted materials
are stainless steel and silver braze. These switches may
be used through a wide variety of pressure ranges and are
capable of withstanding high static pressures without yielding. The movement of the mechanism
requires less than 15% of the maximum bellows
stroke - this means exceptionally good life. The
small fluid displacement required to operate
these units make them easy to apply to all types of
protective diaphragm seals.

Solon Diaphragm Actuated Pressure Switches


Solons Diaphragm Actuated Pressure Switches employ
elastomer diaphragms for their sensing elements. These
are extremely cost effective and can be used on a wide range
of media. Another benefit is that a very sensitive unit can
be built to withstand high overpressures and shock by
fully supporting the diaphragm. Cycle lives beyond 20
million are capable because the diaphragm material will not
work harden.

Solon Piston Actuated Pressure Switches


Solons Piston Actuated Pressure Switches are
designed for hydraulic or gas service and are
constructed to withstand severe shock and
vibration. The piston element employs a reinforced PTFE seal that is spring-energized.
This results in consistent performance over
millions of cycles.

Solon Differential Pressure Switches


Solons Differential Pressure Switches are used on applications where pressure difference from a reference
pressure must be indicated. Models are available
that can sense a low differential on a very high static pressure. This is particularly useful to determine
flow on a high pressure system. Other common
applications include level sensing, pressure drop
across a filter, two way pressure differential, etc.

Solon Explosion Proof Pressure Switches


Solons Explosion Proof Pressure Switches are currently
available in our 6PS and 7PS models. Solons design allows
these switches to be used in not only explosive atmospheres,
but also where the fluid media is combustible. Many of
the features and wetted parts that are available on the NEMA
4 models may be specified.

Solon Vacuum Pressure Switches


Solons Vacuum Switches perform much like
our pressure switches that may be set to trip at
a given level of vacuum. Many of the special
features and housings that are available in the
pressure switch lines can be specified with
vacuum ranges.

Solon Pressure Actuated Pneumatic Valves


Solons Pressure Actuated Pneumatic Valves employ either
a 2PS or 7PS series sensing element with a snap acting
pneumatic valve replacing the microswitch. Deadbands on
the valves can be comparable to those of pressure switches
using electric switches. These units are typically used on
applications in hazardous locations where the control
system is pneumatic.

Note:
The Controls shown above are a partial representation of Solons
complete line of Pressure Controls. For more information, visit
our website or contact our engineering staff.

34

Notes:

35

Notes:

36

Notes:

37

Heavy Duty Bolting


Electrical Connections
Structural Members
Farm Equipment
Off Road Equipment
Vibratory Equipment
Pipe Supports
Equipment Mounts
High Temp. Pipe Flanges
Valve Live Loading

P.O. Box 207 Chardon, Ohio 44024


PH: (800) 323-9717 (440) 286-7149 Fax: (440) 286-9047
Homepage: www.solonmfg.com
E-mail: solon@solonmfg.com