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Contents
Introduction......................................................................3
Nyabingi ..........................................................................4
Jamaican Boogie............................................................5
Burru..................................................................................6
Ska ..................................................................................7-9
Rocksteady ....................................................................10-11
Reggae: One Drop 13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns ..............12-13
Reggae: One Drop Variations........................................14-15
Reggae: Steppers 13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns ................16-17
Reggae: Steppers Variations ........................................18
Reggae: Rockers 13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns ..................19-20
Reggae: Rockers/DJ Style Variations............................21
Reggae: Rockers Variations Timbale Patterns ............22
Dancehall ........................................................................23-24
Discography ....................................................................25
Credits ..............................................................................26

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Introduction
Welcome and thank you for checking out my DVD Wicked Beats. I hope you
enjoy learning about some of my favorite styles of music: Jamaican Ska,
Rocksteady, and Reggae, and that youll find this DVD informative and
inspirational.
Before we get started, I want to bring a few things to your attention.
The following styles are not based on technique or flash, theyre based on
FEEL and SPIRIT. Ive seen many players who are proficient in other styles
of music sound very awkward when trying to achieve the proper feel for
these styles. Even though most of the following beats look simple on paper,
its the feel that brings them to life.
I recommend printing this eBook and using it as a tool while watching the
DVD. Take notes next to the various patterns and apply them when you sit
behind the kit. Also, keep an eye on the tempo range listed throughout this
eBook. Tempo is one of key factors that define the difference between these
various styles. Youll see how the same beat can translate to a different style
by slowing it down or speeding it up.
One key to developing a strong feel for these styles is being comfortable
with the upbeat pulse, also known as the skank. Almost every drum pattern here emphasizes the upbeat and theres always at least one other
instrument emphasizing it as well: the guitar, piano, horns or all of them
together. By applying these grooves to your playing, your feel and comfort
level behind the kit will improve, as well as your vocabulary and versatility,
ultimately enhancing all other styles of music that you play.

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Nyabingi
Nyabingi drumming is the foundation to all of the Jamaican styles covered in this DVD.
Here are some of the main heartbeat call and response patterns used in Nyabingi.
75-125

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Jamaican Boogie
I recommend playing all of these grooves at the various tempo ranges both on the
ride and hi-hats. Theyre key to developing the right feel! Keep them swinging and
pay attention to your backbeat.
90-125

Ex. 1 US Shuffle

EX. 2 Jamaican Boogie Shuffle

Ex. 3 Jamaican Boogie with Jazz Time

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Burru
There are different ways to approach the Burru style on the drumset. Usually the
bass line or melody will determine what kind of feel to establish. Here are a few
variations you can use to build the full pattern...

Ex. 4 Mad World Pulse

Ex. 5 Reversing the Pulse Variation (Stripped Down)

Ex. 6 Ad Lib over Reversed Pulse

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Ska
110-136 (counting the backbeat on 2+4)

Ex. 7 Standard Ska Beat #1

Ex. 8 Standard Ska Beat #2

Ex. 9 Riding the Bell

Ex. 10 Riding the Bell over Ska Groove

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Ska
110-136 (counting the backbeat on 2+4)

Ex. 11 Closed Hi-Hat Variation #1

Ex. 12 Closed Hi-Hat Variation #2

Ex. 13 Closed Hi-Hat Variation #3

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Ska
110-136 (counting the backbeat on 2+4)

Ex. 14 Latin Variation on Ska Beat

Ex. 15 Variation on Standard Ska Beat

Ex. 16 Ska Beat with Bass Drum Variation

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Rocksteady
85-145 (backbeat on 2+4)

These 2 basic Rocksteady Patterns


were the birth of the One Drop found in Reggae

Ex. 17 Classic Rocksteady Pattern #1

Ex. 18 Classic Rocksteady Pattern #2

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Rocksteady
85-145 (backbeat on 2+4)
Ex. 19 Double-Time Hi-Hat

Ex. 20 Double-Time Hi-Hat with Upbeat Accent

Ex. 21 Upbeat Only on Hi-Hat


(Feel the space the notes you arent playing)

Ex. 22 Straight Feel Jazz Time

Ex. 23 Jazz Time Pattern

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Reggae
13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns with Bass (ONE DROP)
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3) *Bass Line Play-Along Track Included
Ex. 24

Ex. 25

Ex. 26

Ex. 27

Ex. 28

Ex. 29

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Reggae
13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns with Bass (ONE DROP)
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3) *Bass Line Play-Along Track Included
Ex. 30

Ex. 31

Ex. 32

Ex. 33

Ex. 34

Ex. 35

Ex. 36

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Reggae
Hi-Hat Variations (One Drop)
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3)
Ex. 37

Ex. 38 Intro To Extended Ad Lib

Ex. 39

Ex. 40 "Natural Instinct" Closed Hi-Hat Variation

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Reggae
Hi-Hat Variations (One Drop)
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3)
Ex. 41 "Natural Instinct Open Hat

Ex. 42 PolyRiddim

Ex. 43 Santa's Flying Cymbal

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Reggae
13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns with Bass (Steppers)
Steppers can be played using a cross-stick or backbeat
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3) *Bass Line Play-Along Track Included
Ex. 44

Ex. 45

Ex. 46

Ex. 47

Ex. 48

Ex. 49

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Reggae
13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns with Bass (Steppers)
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3) *Bass Line Play-Along Track Included
Ex. 50

Ex. 51

Ex. 52

Ex. 53

Ex. 54

Ex. 55

Ex. 56

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Reggae
Hi-Hat Variations (Steppers)

Ex. 57
Can also be played with cross-stick or backbeat

Ex. 58 Sly Dunbar Pattern


You can play this pattern with hand-to-hand sticking (which will cause you to cross
your hands over each other as you play), or you can play it with one hand playing
all the hi-hat notes, using (for example) the sticking RLLRLL

Ex. 59 Sly Dub Style

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Reggae
13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns with Bass (Rockers)
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3) *Bass Line Play-Along Track Included
Ex. 60

Ex. 61

Ex. 62

Ex. 63

Ex. 64

Ex. 65

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Reggae
13 Essential Hi-Hat Patterns with Bass (Rockers)
100-160 (counting backbeat on beat 3) *Bass Line Play-Along Track Included
Ex. 66

Ex. 67

Ex. 68

Ex. 69

Ex. 70

Ex. 71

Ex. 72

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Reggae
Rockers/DJ Style Variations

Ex. 73 Rockers/DJ Style Variation #1

Ex. 74 Rockers/DJ Style Variation #2

Ex. 75 Rockers Shuffle

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Reggae
Rockers Variations Timbale Patterns

Ex. 76 Roots Reggae Variation #1

Roots Reggae Variation #2

Ex. 77 Roots Reggae Variation #3

Ex. 78 DJ Style Variation

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Dancehall
Main Dancehall Pulse

Ex. 79

Ex. 80

Ex. 81

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Dancehall
Ex. 82

Ex. 83 Part 1 Soca Dancehall Style

Ex. 83 Part 2

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Recommended Discography
There are way too many artists and albums to list,
but here are some of my favorites to get you started:
SKA
The Skatalites
Roland Alphonso
The Wailers (early 60s)
Tommy McCook
Don Drummond
Justin Hinds & The Dominos
Prince Buster
Byron Lee & The Dragonaires
Any Trojan or Soul Jazz Records Box Sets
More modern bands playing
the classic styles include Hepcat, The Slackers,
The Aggrolites and Jump With Joey
ROCKSTEADY
Alton Ellis
Ken Booth
Phyliss Dylon
Marcia Grifiths
Hortense Ellis
Slim Smith
Desmond Dekker
REGGAE
Ras Michael and the Sons of Negus (Nyabingi)
Bob Marley & The Wailers
Peter Tosh
Bunny Wailer
Steel Pulse
Gregory Isaacs
Barrington Levy
Roots Radics
Black Uhuru (Sly&Robbie)
The Upsetters
Lee Scratch Perry
Mighty Diamonds
The Heptones
John Holt
Max Romeo
Junior Reid
Augustus Pablo
Burning Spear
DJ STYLE
U-Roy
Michigan and Smiley
Mikey Dread
Clint Eastwood
Eek A Mouse

Yellowman
Capleton
Sizzla
Anthony B
DUB
King Tubby
Lee Scratch Perry
Scentist
Mad Professor
DANCEHALL
Beenie Man
Buju Banton
Capleton
Sizzla
Shabba Ranks
2 TONE
The English Beat
The Specials
Madness
Bad Manners
The Selecter
3rd WAVE SKA
Fishbone
No Doubt
Sublime
Skankin Pickle
Lets Go Bowling
The Mighty Mighty Bosstones
Operation Ivy
Reel Big Fish
DRUMMERS TO CHECK OUT!
Here are some of my favorite Ska/Reggae/2-Tone drummers:
Lloyd Knibb The Skatalites/Various
Carlton Carly Barrett Bob Marley & The Wailers/Various
Style Scott Roots Radics/Various
Sly Dunbar Black Uhuru/Various
Leroy Horsemouth Wallace Gregory Isaacs/Various
Carlton "Santa" Davis Peter Tosh/Various
Winston Grennan Jimmy Cliff/Various
Benbow Creary The Upsetters
Steve Grizzly Nisbett Steel Pulse
John Bradbury The Specials
Everett Morton The English Beat
Philip Fish Fisher Fishbone
Willie McNeil Jump With Joey
Scott Abels/Greg Narvis Hepcat

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Credits
Executive Producer: Gil Sharone

Music:
On The Corner
Unite
Natural Instinct
IceCream Sunday
J5 Bingi
All Written by: Phil Cheval AKA Phil Harmonic
Star Station Mercury Productions

Produced by: Gil Sharone & Ray Brych


Directed by: Chopper
Edited by: Jonathann Launer
Associate Producer: Don Lombardi
Still Photography: Patrick Surace- www.patricksurace.com, Chris Newman,
Jose Altonaga, David DeVine, Val Camp, Meats Meier and Bryan Lint.
Reggae and Historic Photography: Peter Simon- www.PeterSimon.com,
Kate Simon- www.katesimonphotography.com, Dick Meseroll,
Lissa Wales- www.drumpics.com,
Video Shot by: Val Camp, Patrick Surace, Jonathann Launer, J
ose Altonaga, Chris Newman and Meats Meier.
PDF eBook Transcriptions by: Michael Dawson
PDF eBook Layout & Design by: Gil Sharone & Robert Rivas
PDF eBook Text edited by: Joe Bergamini & Ray Brych
DVD Cover Artwork by: Evan Skrederstu
DVD Authoring by: Lee Diskin

Additional Music:
"Experience Riddim"
Created By: Jefferson Zambrano
Produced by: International Reggae Musicians & Tijuana Reggae.
www.tijuanareggae.info
www.myspace.com/tjreggae
If I Try
Performed by: Toko Tasi
www.myspace.com/tokotasi
Skunk Records www.Skunk.com
No Doubt Songs:
Underneath It All
Performed by No Doubt
Written by G. Stefani, D. Stewart
World Of The Dolphin Music (ASCAP) and Eligible Music / BMG Music
Publishing (ASCAP)

Audio Recorded & Mixed by: Kevin Majorino


60s Ska Group:
Filmed at Joeys Place Los Angeles, CA
Recorded and Mixed by: Michael Miguel Happoldt
Joey Altruda- Bass
Aaron Owens- Guitar
Mike Boito- Piano
Shaunte Palmer- Trombone
Alan Mezquida- Sax
Eitan Avineri- Trumpet
Persephone Laird- Vocals
Alex Desert- Vocals
Deston Berry- Vocals

Special Appearances:
Lloyd Knibb
Roger Steffens
Carlton Santa Davis
Shaka Man
Adrian Young
Michael Miguel Happoldt
Roger Steffens is reading excerpts from one of his books The World of
Reggae-featuring Bob Marley
Adrian Young appears courtesy of Interscope Records

Music:
Comin' Home Baby
Words and Music by Robert L. Dorough, Benjamin M. Tucker
(c) Irving Music, Inc. on behalf of
Sincere Music Co. and Benglo Music Inc. (BMI)
"Why Did You Leave Me To Cry"
written by Alton Ellis
published by Push Music Jamaica Publishing Limited
"It's Rocking Time (Rocksteady)"
written by Phillis Dillon
published by Push Music Jamaica Publishing Limited
"Mad World"
written by Baba Brooks & Arthur Duke Reid
published by Push Music Jamaica Publishing Limited
Reggae/Nyabingi:
Filmed at Drum Channel Studios Oxnard, CA
Recorded and Mixed by: Kevin Majorino
Phil Cheval (Aka. Phil Harmonic)- Bass
Freddy Flint Guitar
George Hughes Jr. Keyboards
Shaka Man- Nyabingi/percussion
Jai Jae (Kabasa) - Funde
Jah T (Antonio)-Thunder
Tommy Cheval- Funde
Gil-drums/percussion

Rock Steady
Performed by No Doubt
Written by G. Stefani, T. Kanal
World Of The Dolphin Music (ASCAP)

Thanks to: Lisa, LilMan Grant, my Family, Ray Brych, Don Lombardi,
Kevin Majorino, Lloyd Knibb, Phil Cheval, Amanda Marguerita Romero,
Roger Steffens, Shaka Man, Robert Rivas, The Skatalites, Drum Channel,
Daniel Glass, Evan Skrederstu, Chris Brand, Michael Dawson, Pat Surace,
Peter J. Marinello, Val Camp, Bryan Lint, Stuart Charno, Miguel Happoldt,
Green Path for the Ganja, Meats Meier, Danny Franco, Jeremy Berman,
Adrian Young, No Doubt, Dave DeVine, Michelle Gailey, Jonathann Launer,
Carlton Santa Davis, Fish Fisher, Fishbone, Dave Wakeling, Sly Dunbar,
Bubbler, Hudson Music -Paul Siegel, Rob Wallis & Joe Bergamini ,
Marcello Pantano, Chris Newman, Jose Altonaga, Val Camp, Don Sidney,
Sarah Golden, LouDog, Albert, Tommy Cheval, Chopper, Rocky, Kiwa,
Frendy, Banana, Stolen Babies, Dillinger Escape Plan, Aurelito I&I Sound
System, Tijuana Reggae, Brad Klein, www.legendsofska.com, Peter Simon,
Kate Simon, Modern Drummer magazine and all of the musicians involved.
Thanks to all of my equipment companies for their support: OC Drum,
Drum Workshop, Zildjian Cymbals, Pro-Mark and Remo.
For more information on Gil Sharone visit, www.GilOnDrums.com

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