BIOLOGY 2013

MODUL E : CHAPTER 4, 5, 6 Form 5 (Group II)
1. Diagram 2 shows the structure of plant reproduction organ.

Rajah menunjukkan struktur organ pembiakan tumbuhan.

A

C
B

Diagram 2
Rajah 2
(a) Based on the Diagram 2, name the structures labelled.
Berdasarkan pada Rajah 2, namakan struktur yang berlabel.
A: …………………………………………………………………………………………..
B: …………………………………………………………………………………………..
C:……………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 mark]
(b) (i) Explain the function of structure A.
Terangkan fungsi struktur A.
…………………………………………………………………………………………...
…………………………………………………………………………………………...
[2 mark]
(d)

Suggest how to prevent the germination of structure A.
Cadangkan bagaimana menghalang percambahan struktur A
..…………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

. 2. Diagram 3 shows the changes of hormonal levels and the regulation of ovarian
events during the menstrual cycle.

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2 . [1 mark] (ii) State the relationship between structure T and level of hormone Q from 16th to 28th day. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. [2 marks] (ii) State the functions of hormones X and Y Hormone X:…………………………………………………………………………………….Oestrogen (P) Progesterone (Q) Days in the menstrual cycle Pituitary Gland LH (Y) FSH (X) Ovarian Primary follicle Ovulation events Structure T Hormone level Diagram 3 (a) (i) Name the structures that produces hormones P and Q P:………………………………………… Q:……………………………………………. Hormone Y: …………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] (b) (i) Based on Diagram 3 name structure T.

. [3 marks] (c) Menstrual cycle is a monthly reproductive cycle consisting of follicle development..1 shows karyotypes and formation of gametes in individuals P and Q. …………………………………………………………………………………………………..1 (a)(i) Name process R. ………………………………………………………………………………………………... the changes of the thickness of the endometrium. [1 mark] (ii) Where does process R occur in individual P and individual Q.…………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………. and menstruation. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. Individual P: …………………………………………………………………………. Diagram 1.. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………. ovulation. Diagram 1. 3 . State its importance.. ` [2 marks] 3.

1: ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Diagram 1. ……………………………………………………………………………………………….Individual Q: .2 shows the inheritance of haemophilia in a family.2...…………………………………………………………………….2 to show the inheritance of haemophilia in the family. [1 mark] (iii) Name another example of sex-linked disease. (i) Complete Diagram 4... Diagram 4.2 [3 marks] (ii) Based on your answers in Diagram 1.... [1 mark] 4 . [2 marks] (c) Haemophilia is a sex-linked disease which is carried in the X chromosomes. ……………………………………………………………………………………………….... [2 marks] (b) (ii) Name two differences between gametes T and V. state the percentage of the offspring that would suffer from haemophilia.. 2: ………………………………………………………………………………………………....

Characteristic Ciri D. Number Bilangan Number Bilangan Characteristic Ciri Characteristic Ciri LEVEL: KNOWLEDGE 3 Graph 1 shows the distribution of students for a certain characteristic Number of students 5 . Number Bilanga n Number Bilanga n Characteristic Ciri C. D. Which of the following shows a variation caused by genetic factor only? Antara berikut yang manakah menunjukkan variasi yang disebabkan oleh faktor genetik sahaja ? A. C.1 Which of the following is a main caused of variation in offspring ? A. B. Replication of DNA Separation of sister chromatid Crossing over during meiosis 1 Separation of homologous chromosomes LEVEL: KNOWLEDGE 2. B.

Shapes of ear lobes Height of the body Ability to roll the tongue Types of fingerprints LEVEL: KNOWLEDGE 4 Diagram 2 shows the variation of a trait P in humans.Graph 1 Which of the characteristic will shows the same pattern as shown in Graph A. Number of students Trait P Diagram 2 Which of the following is true about the variation trait P ? Antara berikut yang manakah benar tentang variasi bagi trait P ? A B C D LEVEL: UNDERSTANDING The graph shows the inheritance of a certain human traits Graf menunjukkan variasi suatu trait bagi manusia. B. C. D. Rajah 2 menunjukkan variasi bagi trait P dalam manusia. Number of individuals 5 Influenced by environmental factors Controlled by many pairs of alleles The differences in a character are not distinctive Cannot be measured or graded fom one extreme to the other 6 .

The graphs below show two types of variation in humans.Trait Which trait of inheritance is represented by the above graph? Antara trait berikut yang manakah yang ditunjukkan oleh graf di atas? A B C D Blood type Jenis darah Body weight Berat badan Colour blindness Buta warna Fingerprint type Jenis cap jari LEVEL: KNOWLEDGE 6. (Normal base sequence) Mutation P 7 . Discontinuous Discontinuous D. Diagram 21 menunjukkan perubahan urutan bes selepas dua jenis mutasi. Continuous Discontinuous B. Continuous Continuous C. Height of plants Human blood group Num ber of individuals Which type of variation is shown in each population? Plants A. Discontinuous Continuous Humans LEVEL: UNDERSTANDING 7 The genetic disorder caused by chromosomal mutation is A Down’s syndrome B Haemophilia C Colour blindness D Albinism 8 Diagram 21 shows the result of two types of gene mutations.

Which statement explains this situation? 8 . A B a b What is the genotype of the cell. A B C D Ability to roll the tongue Height Weight Skin colour LEVEL: KNOWLEDGE 11 A woman has curly hair. Rajah menunjukkan sepasang kromosom homolog dalam sel soma manusia pada peringkat profasa mitosis. Apakah genotip sel tersebut? A B C D AaBb ABab AbBa BAba LEVEL: UNDERSTANDING 10 Which of the following phenotypic characterictics of humans can only be affected by the genetics ? Antara berikut. Diagram shows a pair of homologous chromosomes in a somatic cell of the human body at the prophase stage of mitosis. ciri-ciri fenotip manusia yang manakah akan dipengaruhi oleh genetic. Her husband has straight hair and all their children have curly hair.CAGTCCAGCCAGTCC CAGTCCCGACAGTCC Mutation Q CAGTCCGGACAGTCC Diagram 23 What types of genes mutation produced the altered base sequences? Apakah jenis mutasi gen yang menyebabkan perubahan urutan bes ini ? P Deletion Inversion Inversion Insertion A B C D O Insertion Insertion Substitution Deletion 9.

D. 0. The woman is homozygous recessive. IB and IO.50 C. 0. Gene for curly hair is dominant over gene for straight hair LEVEL : ANALISIS 12. C. Haemophilia is an X-linked trait. 0. B and O only D. Blood groups AB and O only C. Blood groups A. 1. The allele for haemophilia is also recessive. What are the possible blood groups of children born to a woman who has blood group AB and a man who has blood group O? A.A. The trait of hair type is a not heredity character Both woman and her husband are heterozygous. B and O LEVEL: ANALISIS 13 What determines the sex of a child ? Apakah yang menentukan jantina seorang anak ? A B C D 14. Blood groups A and B only B. B. Only two of the three alleles can be represented in an individual.00 9 . IA and IB are codominant and both the alleles are dominant to IO. Blood groups A. The inheritance of human ABO blood groups is controlled by three alleles IA.25 B. Which of the following is the probability of a normal male and a carrier female having a child who is a haemophiliac? A. The pH of the female reproductive tract The time taken for the sperm to reach the ovum The chromosomal composition of the sperm The age of the mother LEVEL: UNDERSTANDING Which sex chromosomes from the parents’ ovum and sperm can be found in their son? Kromosom seks yang manakah dalam ovum dan sperma ibubapa terdapat pada anak lelaki mereka ? Sex chromosomes in the Sex chromosomes in the ovum/ Kromosom seks sperm/ Kromosom seks dalam A dalam ovum X sperma X B X Y C Y X D Y Y LEVEL: KNOWLEDGE 15.75 D.

LEVEL: ANALISIS 16. W Diagram 2 Rajah 2 What hormone is excreted at stage W ? Apakah hormon yang dirembeskan pada peringkat W? A Oestrogen Estrogen B Progesterone Progesteron C D 18. Rajah 2 menunjukkan peringkat perkembangan folikel di dalam ovari. Which of the following sequence is the development of the human zygote? A Zygote morula blastocyst embryo B Zygote blastocyst morula embryo C Zygote morula D Zygote embryo foetus embryo foetus blastocyst LEVEL: APPLICATION 17. Diagram 3 shows a foetus in woman uterus. Diagram 2 shows stages of an ovarian cycle in ovary. 10 Lutinising hormone Hormon pluetinan Follicle stimulating hormone Hormon perangsang folikel .

beliau mempunyai masalah untuk hamil. Rajah 2. Ali to have their own child. Ali telah lama berkahwin. she has a problem to get pregnant. Diagram / Rajah 2. Y D. P Pn. Diagram Q 2. Huraikan proses-proses yang berlaku dari P ke Q.2 menunjukkan dua kaedah makmal yang mungkin boleh membantu En. two cells [4 marks] stage [4 markah] (c ) Mrs. Z 1.1 menunjukkan perkembangan zigot manusia. Ali and Mrs.1 shows the development of human zygote. Rajah 2. W B. Ali dan Pn.1 (a) 2.1 Fallopian Tube Describe the processes which occurred from P to Q . 11 . Ali is a married woman.Diagram 3 Which part protects the embryo from physical shocks? A. Ali untuk mendapatkan anak sendiri.2 shows two laboratory methods which may help Mr. X C. Diagram 2.

M r s .1. Terangkan dalam keadaan yang bagaimanakah Kaedah A dapat membantu En.2 d.2 shows some sickle red blood cells in humans caused by gene mutation. A li M adam X Im p la n ta tio n Im p la n ta tio n M e th o d A M e th o d B Z y g o te Diagram 2. [5 marks] [5 markah] 2 (a) Diagram 3. A li M r . and Mrs. Ali dan isterinya.1 shows a group of people with different height.2 / Rajah 2.1 Based on Diagram 3. 12 . name and explain the type of variation due to different height among people. [10 marks] (b) Diagram 3. Ali. Diagram 3. (i) Explain under what type of condition Method A can be used to help Mr.

Lengkapkan gambarajah skema dalam Rajah 5 untuk menunjukkan bagaimana haemofilia diwarisi dalam keluarga ini. Key: H represent the normal allele h represent the haemophiliac allele 13 .2 (i) Explain gene mutation. Haemophilia is a disease in which the blood does not clot normally. Diagram 3 shows a family. Haemofilia adalah sejenis penyakit di mana darah tidak membeku secara normal. [4 marks] (ii) With the help of diagrams. [6 marks] 3. explain two types of gene mutation that change DNA. di mana bapanya adalah normal manakala ibunya adalah pembawa haemofilia. Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu keluarga.Diagram 3. Diagram 5 (a) How is haemophilia inherited? Bagaimanakah haemofilia diwarisi? …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… (b) (i) Complete the schematic diagram in Diagram 5 to show how haemophilia is inherited in this family. where the father is normal while the mother is a carrier of haemophilia.

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