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Syllabus

Fall 2015

Mission Statement: Harvey Mudd College seeks to educate engineers, scientists and mathematicians well versed in all of these areas and in the humanities and social sciences so that they may

assume leadership in their fields with a clear understanding of the impact of their work on society.

Course Goals: Students who take this course should finish with a basic understanding of static and

dynamic electromagnetic systems, the classical and quantum behavior of light, and the importance

of electricity and magnetism in modern society. In addition, students should develop an increased

appreciation of the role mathematics plays in describing the physical world.

Successful students in this course will be able to:

Calculate fields and forces resulting from electric charge and current distributions

Work with the wave equation to describe the propagation of electromagnetic waves

Derive the interference and diffraction patterns of light using the fundamental principles of

quantum mechanics

Lectures: Tuesday and Thursday 8:109:25 am in Shanahan 1430.

Sections: Monday and Wednesday 8, 9, 10, 11 am, 1:15 pm. (There will be no recitation sections

held November 25, the Wednesday before Thanksgiving, but the homework will be collected in your

section instructors office.)

Course Instructors: J. Eckert, S. Gerbode, T. Lynn, G. Lyzenga, S. Nichols, J. Townsend.

Texts: Physics by Halliday, Resnick, and Krane, 5th Edition, Volume 2, available at Huntley

Bookstore and Quantum Optics by J. S. Townsend, available in the Physics Department office (Keck

1234) for $5. (The Townsend text is Chapter 1 of the Physics 52 textbook Quantum Physics: A

Fundamental Approach to Modern Physics. Some students may wish to purchase the full text at

Huntley.)

Homework: Problems will generally come from the texts; however, a few are attached to the syllabus (these problems are designated SUP). Students should write up problems neatly, beginning

with the problem statement. It is generally wise to use words as well as equations and diagrams so

that your writeup explains both the problem and your solution to a reader at your level.

All problems are due at the beginning of recitation section. In general, late homework will not

be graded without an acceptable reason; it is the students responsibility to contact the instructor

in advance for permission. In calculating the final homework grade, two homework scores will be

dropped so as to maximize each students score.

Solutions to the homework problems will be posted on the course Sakai site. Recitation problem

answers but not solutions will also be posted. In this way, recitation problems can be used as a

genuine store of unsolved practice problems for study purposes. Students are encouraged to discuss

them with each other and with instructors.

In addition to the guidelines above, this course will also adhere, under the HMC Honor Code, to

the following homework policy:

When working on homework, you may not use homework or recitation problem solutions from

Physics 51 in previous years or from sources external to HMC.

You should start by working on the problem sets independently, and discuss the problems with

classmates and instructors only after making a reasonable attempt at independent solutions.

Final solutions should be prepared by each student individually, without directly consulting

any material written by others.

If you write on your papers during recitation to remind yourself of the correct method or

answer, make it clear to the grader that this material is not to be graded.

Each Monday problem set includes an asterisked problem. To help you gauge your learning

and to develop the ability to solve problems independently, this problem is to be done without

assistance from other students (including students not in the course, such as AE tutors);

however, you may speak with course instructors for general guidance. If you are unable to

complete a problem on your own, for maximal credit you should still present the solution as

far as you are able to independently develop it.

These rules are established to help you learn the course material and to be fair to all students.

Exams: This semester there will be two 75-minute exams and a three-hour final exam. All exams

will be closed books and notes. They will cover material from the lectures, text, section discussions,

and homework problems. The first exam is scheduled for Thursday, October 1, from 8:10 to 9:25 am;

the second exam will be on Thursday, November 12, from 8:10 to 9:25 am. The final exam will take

place on Wednesday, December 16, from 7:00 to 10.00 pm.

Grades: The course grade will be determined from the final exam (35%), two midterm exams

(totaling 45%, with the higher exam result counting for 25%), and homework (20%). In addition,

class participation in the recitation section will be used at your instructors discretion as part of

the homework score in the determination of final grades.

Getting the Most Out of Physics 51: Each student should attend and actively participate in

lectures and recitations, and do the assigned reading and homework problems in order to master

the course material. Assigned reading will be most helpful to your learning if it is done before the

lecture. If you have questions about the homework problems or course concepts, you are encouraged

first and foremost to see your section instructor or other instructors in the course. You might also

find it helpful to attend Academic Excellence or talk to your classmates.

Electronic Device Use in Lecture and Recitation: During class please silence your cell phone

and do not use it to place calls, text, or access the Internet. You may not use an electronic device

during class for purposes other than those related to the course, such as taking notes.

Students Requiring Extra Time on Exams: If you are permitted extra time on exams, it is

your responsibility to notify your recitation instructor at least a week before each exam to make

your needs known. This allows us to arrange for appropriate extra space in which you can take the

exam.

Honor Code: The HMC Honor Code applies to all students in this course.

Physics 51 Schedule

Date

Day

Assignment

Sept 1

Tue

Read: HRK Chapters 25 and 26

Sept 2

Wed

Sept 3

Thurs

Read: HRK Chapter 27

Sept 7

Mon

Sept 8

Tue

Review: HRK Chapter 27

Sept 9

Wed

Sept 10

Thurs

Read: HRK Chapter 28

Sept 14

Mon

Sept 15

Tue

Review: HRK Chapter 28

Sept 16

Wed

Sept 17

Thurs

Read: Feynman, Vol. II, Sections 3-1 through 3-8

Sept 21

Mon

Note: In E28.35 also determine the volume charge density between the plates

and the surface charge density on the plates, assuming one plate is

at x = 0 and the other at x = 1.28 cm. The plates are conductors.

Sept 22

Tue

Read: HRK Chapter 30

Sept 23

Wed

Sept 24

Thurs

Read: HRK Chapter 29

Date

Day

Assignment

Sept 28

Mon

Sept 29

Tue

Lecture 9 DC Circuits

Read: HRK Chapter 31

Sept 30

Wed

Oct 1

Thurs

Oct 5

Mon

Oct 6

Tue

Read: HRK Chapter 32

Oct 7

Wed

Oct 8

Thurs

Read: HRK Sections 33-1 through 33-4

Oct 12

Mon

Oct 13

Tue

Read: HRK Sections 33-5 and 33-6

Oct 14

Wed

Recitation 13 Problem Set 12: HRK E33.33 (parts (a)-(e) only), P33.12

Oct 15

Thurs

Read: Feynman, Vol. II, Section 13-6

Helliwell, Introduction to Special Relativity, Appendix J

Oct 19

Mon

Fall Break

Oct 20

Tue

Fall Break

Oct 21

Wed

Oct 22

Thurs

Read: HRK Chapter 34

Date

Day

Assignment

Oct 26

Mon

Oct 27

Tue

Read: HRK Sections 36-1 through 36-4

Oct 28

Wed

Oct 29

Thurs

Read: HRK Sections 38-1 through 38-3

Nov 2

Mon

Nov 3

Tue

Read: HRK Sections 38-4, 38-5

Nov 4

Wed

Nov 5

Thurs

Read: HRK Sections 38-6, 38-7

Nov 9

Mon

Nov 10

Tue

Read: HRK Chapter 35

Nov 11

Wed

Nov 12

Thurs

Nov 16

Mon

Nov 17

Tue

Read: HRK Section 41-5, Townsend Sections 1.1, 1.2

Nov 18

Wed

Nov 19

Thurs

Read: HRK Chapter 44

Date

Day

Assignment

Nov 23

Mon

Nov 24

Tue

Read: Townsend Section 1.3

Nov 25

Wed

Sections do not meet

Nov 26

Thurs

Thanksgiving

Nov 30

Mon

Dec 1

Tue

Read: Townsend Sections 1.4, 1.5

Dec 2

Wed

Note: In Problem 1.24 use = 706 nm.

Dec 3

Thurs

Read: Townsend Sections 1.6, 1.7

Dec 7

Mon

Recitation 26 Problem Set 23: Townsend Problems 1.25*, 1.27, 1.29, 1.34

Dec 8

Tue

Read: HRK Chapter 42, Townsend Section 1.8

Dec 9

Wed

Dec 10

Thurs

Dec 16

Wed

Supplemental Problems

~ = y

SUP1: Consider the vector field C

x + x

y in the x-y plane.

(a) Sketch the field lines.

~ C.

~

(b) Calculate

(c) Calculate

C

the curve in part (c).

~ C)

~ dA

~ over a surface bounded by

(

SUP2: A dielectric material of dielectric constant e and thickness b is placed in the interior of a

parallel-plate capacitor with plate separation d, shown below. Assume that there is a uniform free

surface charge density on the plates of the capacitor.

(a) What is the polarization charge density pol induced on each surface of the dielectric? Hint:

Determine your answer using Gausss law and the definition of the dielectric constant, e =

E0 /E.

(b) Show that the capacitance is given by

C=

e 0 A

b + e (d b)

SUP3: A parallel-plate capacitor has circular plates of radius R and separation d. The capacitor

is connected to a battery of voltage V and then disconnected so that the charge ought to remain

constant. The air is humid, however, and the stored charge leaks back across the capacitor gap

at the rate ileak . Assume that this leakage current is uniformly distributed across the area of the

plates. Find the magnetic field everywhere between the plates.

SUP4: In a material of non-zero electrical resistivity , the relationship between electric field

~ = ~j. For copper, = 2 108 m. A copper wire with a circular

and current density is E

cross-sectional area of 4 mm2 carries a current of 40 A.

(a) What is the longitudinal electric field (field along the length of the wire) in the copper?

~ changing, and what is the

(b) If the current is changing at a rate of 5000 A/s, at what rate is E

resulting displacement current?

(c) Does the displacement current contribute significantly to the magnetic field outside the wire?

Explain your answer.

SUP5:

~ = E0 y

(a) Consider an electromagnetic wave in a vacuum with electric field E

sin(kxt). What

is the propagation direction of this electromagnetic wave?

~ = E0 y

(b) Consider an electromagnetic wave with electric field E

sin(kx + t). What is the

propagation direction of this electromagnetic wave?

~ = E0 y

(c) Consider the electric field E

[sin(kx t) + sin(kx + t)]. Show that this electric field

satisfies the wave equation

~

~

~

~

2E

2E

2E

1 2E

+

+

=

2

2

2

2

x

y

z

c t2

provided /k = c.

SUP6: Light traveling in air (n1 = 1) enters the smooth, flat surface of a pond (n2 = 1.33) at

normal incidence.

(a) What fraction of the light is reflected and what fraction is transmitted?

(b) If the maximum amplitude of the electric field in the incident light is E0 , what is the maximum

amplitude of the electric field in the reflected light?

(c) When you see scenery reflected in a still pond or lake, how is that situation different from

the one you have just calculated?

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