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Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

Chapter 13
The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

Multiple Choice Questions


1. Charles V owed his position as the monarch of a massive empire primarily to
A. timely deaths and births and astute political marriages.
B. the decision to raise a huge standing army governed through meritocracy.
C. the collapse of the monarchies of neighboring Spain and France.
D. a fortuitous growth in agricultural yields and technological developments in his lands.

2. The leading patrons of the High Renaissance were the


A. rich middle class.
B. popes.
C. nobles.
D. peasants.

3. The High Renaissance painting style was characterized by


A. asymmetry in the placement of objects in a painting.
B. the obvious impact of late Byzantine themes and techniques.
C. the introduction of ugly and distorted human forms.
D. harmonious colors and proportions and serene human faces.

4. Which of the following was an important development in international relations during the
High Renaissance?
A. the emergence of Germany as a unified state
B. the triumph of France over the rest of Europe
C. the Thirty Years' War
D. the birth of the concept of the balance of power

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Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

5. Ferdinand Magellan, whose mission first circumnavigated the globe, came from which
nation?
A. France
B. England
C. Spain
D. Portugal

6. Which of the following sailing vessels became the mainstay of European shipping and
naval forces from 1550 to 1700?
A. galleons
B. caravels
C. galleys
D. schooners

7. All of the following were causes of the Valois-Hapsburg wars EXCEPT that
A. the Valois kings felt encircled by Hapsburg power.
B. France and Spain both wanted to show to England which was the most powerful country in
Europe.
C. the Hapsburgs thought that the French king stood in the way of their dream of a united
Christendom of Europe.
D. the Valois kings saw Charles V as a land-hungry ruler who wanted to control the continent.

8. Who of the following designed catapults, giant crossbows, and cannon because of his keen
understanding of how weaponry could transform warfare?
A. Leonardo da Vinci
B. Machiavelli
C. Castiglione
D. Raphael

9. Upon Charles V's abdication, his vast holdings were


A. inherited by his son Philip.
B. divided between his brother and his son.
C. parceled out among a wide number of enemies.
D. taken over by the Valois dynasty.

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

10. Which of the following artists included philosophy, poetry, theology, and law in his plan
for the four walls of the Stanza della Segnatura in the papal chambers?
A. Michelangelo
B. Leonardo da Vinci
C. Raphael
D. Titian

11. What kingdom initially led the High Renaissance arms race before being overtaken by
other kingdoms?
A. England
B. Spain
C. France
D. the Netherlands

12. The interaction between Europe and the New World in the sixteenth century
A. had very little impact on the European economy.
B. resulted in a downturn in the European economy.
C. introduced new agricultural products into Europe.
D. drained the Old World of its silver and gold supplies.

13. Which of the following artists created the Tempietto to mark the site of the martyrdom of
St. Peter?
A. Michelangelo
B. Leonardo da Vinci.
C. Donato Bramante
D. Andrea di Pietro

14. The High Renaissance can be described as


A. a lengthy period for art that was centered in Florence and Siena.
B. lasting only a few decades and focusing on classical perfection.
C. scattered throughout the Italian peninsula and affecting nearly every region.
D. implanting itself in England, where it flourished.

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any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

15. The mannerist viewpoint was anti-classical in its


A. belief that human nature is basically good.
B. acceptance of the principle that art should imitate nature.
C. support for an art of odd perspectives and distortions.
D. endorsement of the ideal of balanced design.

16. Who among the following was NOT an expert violin maker?
A. Amati
B. Stradivari
C. Guarneri
D. Willaert

17. In the arts, the period between 1494 and 1564 was preeminently an age of
A. painting.
B. sculpting.
C. architecture.
D. pottery.

18. The subject of Castiglione's Book of the Courtier is


A. international diplomacy.
B. civilized behavior.
C. artistic aesthetics.
D. romantic love.

19. Castiglione's model courtier


A. had to be trained as a priest.
B. was to be educated in the humanities.
C. could treat others as he wished, because of his rank in society.
D. should not bother himself with military matters.

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any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

20. Castiglione's model lady was described as


A. a good mother.
B. an excellent housekeeper.
C. a charming hostess.
D. an excellent weaver.

21. Castiglione argued that in social relations,


A. men should dominate women.
B. men should be better educated than women.
C. women should be superior to men.
D. men and women should be ruled by Platonic love.

22. Castiglione's Courtier can be seen as a somewhat modern work, in that he


A. encouraged the education of women.
B. advocated equal rights for men and women.
C. called for the abolition of slavery.
D. argued that all men are created equal.

23. Machiavellianism means


A. "Handsome is as handsome does".
B. "The end justifies any means".
C. "Love God and do as you please".
D. "Still waters run deep".

24. Machiavelli's Prince reflected the author's


A. anguish at Italy's domination by foreigners.
B. experience as a courtier of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
C. background as a Venetian official.
D. years as a papal official.

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any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

25. Machiavelli's political advice to rulers was to


A. follow the Bible in the conduct of government.
B. practice conscious duplicity in all matters.
C. be virtuous and upright in all relationships.
D. always be cruel and unforgiving.

26. Which of the following is a classical value that was evident in High Renaissance
painting?
A. harmonious colors
B. distorted faces
C. unbalanced figures
D. obscure backgrounds

27. Leonardo da Vinci, in his Mona Lisa, established new ways to paint portraits, as
A. he surrounded his subject with objects of his/her wealth.
B. the artist always put himself somewhere in the painting.
C. he painted in bright colors to emphasize the subject's features.
D. he painted a half-length, not full-length, view of his subject.

28. Which was NOT a classical aspect of Leonardo's Last Supper?


A. the straightforward space and perspective
B. revealing subject truth through bodily gestures and facial expressions
C. the balanced composition with six disciples flanking Jesus
D. the adherence to tradition of integrating the symbolic meal into an actual refectory

29. Under whom did Michelangelo serve an apprenticeship immediately prior to being taken
into the household of Lorenzo de Medici?
A. Leonardo da Vinci
B. Donatello
C. Raphael
D. Ghirlandaio

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

30. Raphael demonstrates a mastery of well-ordered space in his painting,


A. The Last Judgment.
B. School of Athens.
C. Saint Francis in Ecstasy.
D. Madonna with the Long Neck.

31. Venetian art was famous for the tradition of


A. subdued lighting.
B. pale colors.
C. sensual surfaces.
D. simple, uncomplicated scenes of peasant life.

32. In Giorgione's painting The Tempest, the artist


A. emphasizes the importance of color.
B. makes the landscape the real subject of the work.
C. uses a biblical story as his central theme.
D. painted in the artistic tradition of the sixteenth-century Florentine school.

33. Parmigianino's Madonna of the Long Neck is mannerist in its


A. well-balanced design.
B. distorted figures.
C. plain moral message.
D. idealized proportions.

34. What is the subject of a Piet scene?


A. the Virgin Mary and the dead Christ
B. the crucifixion of Jesus flanked by two other crucified persons
C. the birth of Jesus with angels and shepherds
D. the journey of Jesus into Jerusalem, riding a donkey

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

35. Which is a classical ideal manifested in Michelangelo's David?


A. graceful contrapposto
B. slight alteration to classical proportions
C. athletic, muscular body
D. All these answers are correct.

36. The founder of High Renaissance architecture was


A. Bramante.
B. Leonardo da Vinci.
C. Raphael.
D. Alberti.

37. Which is NOT a classical ideal visible in Bramante's Tempietto, or Little Temple?
A. Ornamentation is restricted to a few architectural accents.
B. Its proportions are computed using ancient mathematical formulas.
C. It towers over the nearby buildings.
D. It functions like a work of sculpture, being placed on a pedestal with steps.

38. Michelangelo's outstanding architectural monument is the


A. plan of the Tempietto, Rome.
B. dome of St. Peter's Basilica, Rome.
C. dome of the Florentine cathedral.
D. Villa Capra, or the Villa Rotonda.

39. What unifying agent was used by Michelangelo to give a harmonious appearance to the
exterior of St. Peter's Basilica?
A. stained glass windows arranged into sets of eight
B. flying buttresses along the walls of the nave and apse
C. double Corinthian columns
D. statues of saints set into niches on the faade

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

40. What is the basic plan of the Villa Rotonda?


A. a Roman rectilinear temple raised on a pedestal
B. four symmetrical wings surrounding a domed central area
C. a meandering shape determined by the eccentric topography of the site
D. a circular temple covered by a dome

41. Who designed the Villa Capra, or Villa Rotonda?


A. Alberti
B. Bramante
C. Michelangelo
D. Palladio

42. Which national school dominated High Renaissance music?


A. the English
B. the Franco-Netherlandish
C. the Italian
D. the German

43. What musical innovation occurred in the High Renaissance?


A. the birth of the orchestra
B. the development of opera
C. the invention of families of instruments, called consorts
D. the emergence of the piano

44. The dominant composer in this period was


A. des Prez.
B. Gabrieli.
C. Willaert.
D. Byrd.

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any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

45. Michelangelo's High Renaissance style in poetry included all of the following EXCEPT
A. the Petrarchan sonnet.
B. Neoplatonic philosophy.
C. an emphasis on physical beauty over the divine.
D. adoption of the madrigal.

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any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

Essay Questions
46. In what ways was Charles V a victim of his own power and empire?
Answers will vary

47. What was the impact of the Hapsburg-Valois wars on the Italian city-states?
Answers will vary

48. Explain the concept of civic humanism. What were its origins and what were its effects?
Answers will vary

49. In what ways did Europe's economic expansion affect social developments?
Answers will vary

50. How did Machiavelli's The Prince break from previous literary tradition, and what was
Machiavelli's ultimate motivation in writing it?
Answers will vary

51. How did composers of the High Renaissance change Western music?
Answers will vary

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2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in
any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part

Chapter 13 - The High Renaissance and Early Mannerism, 1494-1564

52. Compare the different roles played by classicism in the High Renaissance and early
mannerism.
Answers will vary

53. What were some of Michelangelo's contributions to painting, sculpture, and architecture?
How did his genius help to define both the High Renaissance and early mannerism? Focus on
the Sistine Chapel.
Answers will vary

54. Discuss the developments in Venetian art. How did Titian and Giorgione contribute to
these developments? Use one example of art by each to support your arguments.
Answers will vary

55. Compare and contrast the architectural ideal of Michelangelo with that of Palladio.
Answers will vary

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any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part