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G. W. DUCHEMIN.

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MACHINE FOR MAKING AIRPLANE PROPELLERS, 8w.
APPLICATION FILED OCTAO, 1918.

1,863,238.

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Patented Dec. 28,1920.
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DUCHEMIN.363. W.23& APPLICATION FILED OCT. 1 n’ I m m? ATTOHIMV .G. - MACHINE FOR MAKING AIRPLANE PROPELLERS.1918.. Patentedi Dec‘ 28. . &c. 192% 5 SHEETS-SHEET 2.10. ‘ 1.

DUCHEMlN._ G. 1. I0. i. 5 SHEETS-SHEET 3. &c. Paten?ed Dec. w»wsh /\k.. 28. QEv N‘ om El.H. 1920. MACHINE FOR MAKING AIRPLANE PROPELLERS. w.363.238“ APPLICATION FILED OCT. 1918. ATTORNEY .

238. 191. 28. 19363.G. MACHINE FOR MAKING AIRPLANE PROPELLERS. 1-0. 1920. J . DUCHEMIN. 5 SHEETS-SHEET 4.8. APPLICATION FILED 'ocr. /L ‘& INYENTOR. &c. IQM m ‘ Arm/my. W. ' . Patented Dec.

10.238». W. Patented Been 2891926?“ F1191‘) 1r” 77 W . MACHINE FOR MAKING AIRPLANE PROPELLERS. DUCHEMIN. &c. I918. 1. APPLICATION FILED OCT.863.G.

have invented new hand end of the machine as shown in and useful Improvements in Machines for Fig. respectively. parts of. to enable the piece 4 which is parallel to the base piece shaping or turning of all the propellers to 1. 7 is a View of a portion of the right 60 State of New Jersey. Fig. 13 for the chine from its front. ‘Fig. 5 is a section of the pattern and the \vm‘k-holding means at the left-hand longitudinally of the machine. This invention relates more especially looking in the direction indicated by the 65 the following is a speci?cation. a subject of Great Britain. the whole forming a frame in which‘the be controlled by a single guide wheel travel-_ ‘ working parts of my machine are mounted. as to feed said cutters and guide wheel along 110 indicated by line 5—-—5. with the carriage 7 from which motor the various swinging frame still in it but without the motor and-power ransmitting lneans. 1. F ig.‘ 11 is a sectional view of the same. and a resi dent of Newark. in which like numerals‘ of reference‘ of blanks above or below the central pat. A swinging frame 11 is 95 mounted in the carriage 7 to swing upon several views. F ig. and 15 making oars or any other articles which present the same difficulties that are over Fig.. (i is a perspective view of one of / the length of the wonle Describing the parts of my improved . 1 indicates tate and expedite. 8 is a vertical ‘section at‘ the other’ end of the machine. for airplane propellers it obviously could Fig.238. &o'. 9 and guide wheel 14 for the pat top. . to secure a regular upon which a.so as to the plane of that section. The tion on line 4-4. Application ?led October 10. 4. indicate the same parts throughout the tern or model. but von a plane at right angles of a screw 16 above the top piece 6-. the manufacture of air— the base piece of the body of my machine 20 plane propellers by enabling a plurality having spaced uprights 2. 3 fixed thereon of them to be shaped or turned at the same and connected at their uppersends by a top time in a single machine. 10 ' to machines for shaping or turning the propellers into their proper form orcon arrow. swinging frame 11 projects inwardly through the carriage 7 to engage the pattern m5 Fig. 1918. 9 for the propellers or other articles-to 85 be turned are rotatably mounted between the uprights 2. or vertical. 1. GEORGE W. u.'sho\ving'its blanks 8. and the pattern or tion which can be readily builtrand is not model 10 is similarly mounted between said liable to get out of order. and the carriage itself travels end of Fig. Fig. Fig.\[aking Airplane-Propellers. 2 is. 10 is a plan of a portion. one near the top and the at those points. NEW JERSEY. in the county of Essex and pggtentgqll DQQD 28: 192g‘. to show-the feed mechanism. ' Speci?cation of Letters Patent. 6. but while designed more particularly machine on line 9-9. &c. it being understood that while I 90 othen advantages and results as may be have shown one blank above the pattern or model and one below the machine could be brought out in thefollowing description. 1. 9 is a vertical cross-section of the tour. to secure a steady movement of the cutters around the sharp edges of the work. and to obtain blanks.) c) P) u in the same operation. The objects of the invention are to facili In the speci?c embodiment of the inven tion shown in said drawings. Fig. and also carries a motor 100 15 at its opposite end or end outsidethe riage removed from the machine. 3. The blanks 80' 8.UNITE STATES _ ATEN'F oerica. 1. come by the present invention. DUCHE Mix. 10. OF NEWARK. 257.Fig. of which Fig. ‘ . 4 is a horizontal longitudinal sec and work.554. 3 is a perspective view of the car tern or model 10. 70' on line 11——l1. carriage 7 is adapted to travel and even feedingr of the work through the machine. and avoid vibration or irregularity longitudinally of the machine. Serial No. other near the bottom. W.. the crank arms employed in the connecting drive means at the ends of the pattern andthe work-holding means. ing upon one pattern or model. a plan of the same. 1. the machine are driven as will be hereinafter more fully described. MACHINE FOR MAKING AIRPLANE~PROPELLERS. Figure 1 is. To all whom it may concern: ‘ Be it known that l. to enable Said base piece 1 and top piece 4E provide at both~sides of the propeller to be shaped their front edges tracks 5. Fig.363. to secure a simple construc.a side elevation of the ma one upright side thereof and this swinging frame carries the cutters 12. on line 8-»8. Referring! to the accompanying draw ' built large enough to take a greater number ' ings. DUCHEMIN. of thema be employed for similar purposes such as chine. by means Fig.

a belt pulley 47 with a set bearing prevents longitudinal movement of screw 48. and thus the cutters are The means for holding the ends of the driven in any manner suitable for the work. 28 for a horizontal“ cutter shaft 29 which projects beyond the end of the swinging frame toward the work to receive a cutter 12 and also projects be the chucks to be adjusted to patterns of dif ferent length. see Figs. 55 60 65 the motor shaft.288 machine in greater detail. those shown being only scribed. from each other and adapted to be held after In order to yieldingly swing the pivoted frame adjustment each by a set screw 57 radially 180 v . the driving pul upon the sleeve by a. wheel 49 with a set screw 50.10. 21 lying between the lower the same a weight 38. 1. acenter 95 ing projection 41’ being preferably provided at the middle of the channel to enter the end of the pattern and hold it from movement longitudinally of the channel. having each a sleeve 51' fixed in the for illustrative purposes. . each of said . the carriage 7 comprises a rigid rectangular frame 17. 40particularly indicate in sleeves Figs. upon which are mounted grooved wheels 20. as by a screw 34 ex The chucks are adjustable toward and away tending into the arm 33. any suitable manner._11 inward and ‘press the guide wheel 14: against the pattern or model and the cutters 12 against the work. 3 and 9. and be follow the contour of the pattern or model. 28 and car the end of the work. ries the guide wheel 14 pivoted thereto in tom of the channel to better engage the work. 4:1 to engage the opposite ends of 25 30 which the motor 15 can be bolted in any the pattern. toward the left ' hand end ofthe swinging frame. 35 3 and 4. Jr. preferably by pivot screws ‘23 model and. The upper 40 and lower edges of this offset portion of the swinging frame each provides at'its rear ward face bearings 28. The swinging frame itself is of the details of the means for doing this is 85 any openwork construction which will give where more 40. are Said cutters may be of vany ordinary and similar to the pattern-holding means just de 120 well-known type. and at its lower end it'is guided by pulley 37 on said carriage to receive below projections 21. see Fig. 19. ing frame 11 next the work. an arm 33 pro said sleeve receiving the stem 5-t of the chuck jects horizontally into the same plane as which has a channeled head to receive 125 the top and bottom bearings 28. and carrying at its end an idle pulley 36' over which extends a cord 37 fast at one end to the carriage 7 and being returned from the pulley 36 around‘ an idle easily. ley 30 being ?xed on the shaft 29 at one side For better illustration I have shown at the of‘ the journal bearing 28. 1 and 4. laterally projecting ears 22 outward as desired for the ‘guide wheel to toward the front of the machine. tween said ears is pivoted the swinging It will be understood that the pattern or frame 11. as viewed in Fig. Said shaft projects far enough past the line of pivoting to carry‘ driving pulleys 26 for the cutter shafts. 1. I have shown a bracket 35 extending outwardly or forwardly from the swinging frame. 18 adapted to receive at their upper ends pins or stub shafts 19.2 1. said frame has a rearward offset 27. as shown in Figs.. In this way. the pieces of work are mounted threaded in said ears and provided with lock horizontally between the uprights 2. 26 on could be employed at both ends if desired. upright by a ?ange 52 at one side of the At the middle of the free end of the swing upright and a collar 53 at the other side. ‘see Fig. The chucks have transverse heads 43 at their inner ends channeled as at 44 to receive the ends of the pattern. Work one of which is shown in Fig. A collar 31 ?xed left-hand end of the machine. and still farther beyond them. “'hen the chucks are ?tted to the ends of the pattern. and has at its outer shown end or at the right hand side of its line of mounted in the uprights 2. preferably from the 70 arm just described.chucks having a 90 suitable manner so that its shaft will project stem 42 to slide in its sleeve and thus enable as nearly as possible through the line of piv oting of the frame and be substantially par allel to the frame. set screw or the like.363 . 3O understood that the same driving means belts 32. as viewed in on the shaft at the other side of said journalv Figs. 3 and 20 nuts 24. with spurs 56 in the bot-. said pulley being clamped 45 receive a driving pulley 30. but it will be 115 ‘From the upper and lower pulleys 30. which has at its top ex tensions 18. (wravity acting upon track 5 and the base piece 1. rotatably 11 and it rigidity and stiffness. 20'adapted to run upon the track 6 of the top piece 4. 32 extend to the pulleys 26. they are clamped with respect to the sleeves 100 40 by means of set screws 45 at the ends of the sleeve which project inwardly beyond the uprights 2. the right-hand one as time will enable the swinging frame to swing shown in F 1. ' the weight 38 will thus always tend to hold 75 The frame 17 of said carriage 7 has on one the cutters to their work and at the same 15 of its upright sides. a shelf 25 to chucks 4:1. which enables that end of the frame to lie farther into the opening of the car riage and thus nearer the work. and at the other end a sprocket 50 the shaft. the car riage is supported so as to move freely and 10 . Preferably these in wardly projecting ends have each a ?ange 46 which cooperates with the driving pulley 105 upon the sleeve at the opposite side of the upright to hold said sleeve against longi yond the offset 27 of the swinging frame to tudinal movement. 3 and receiving pivoting.

and a chain 62 similarly extending from the sprocket wheel 49 at the‘ other end of the machine to a driving sprocket wheel the carriage to a pulley 76 fast on a s aft 75 77 having its bearings in a projection 78. at the top of 15 (‘12’) on the other end of the screw shaft 16. machine. said half-nut being-pivoted to the side 120 of the carrier 80.363. referring gear always turn together. machine all projectingr in the same direction 50 an angle to each other as to render it im 55 65 a and those at the other end projecting in thus described turn the screw shaft 16.screw shaft.boss 7% at the top of the carriage and near its right-hand end.238 3 disposed in the flange 52. to insure greater steadiness and evenness of motion. and just the opposite direction or arranged 180° . to permit the carriage to be slid independent of the screw shaft or to stand still independent of movement of the . 1. It will be understood chine. as carrier 80 which provides at its top a trans-' any other mleans which could be employed bored centrally to slidably receive the screw for the same purpose might be used if de shaft 16 and has a key 83. so that said screw shaft and worm sired. Fig. Thus when it‘is desired for the carriage 7 of the machine to move. beneath the carrier '1 iii ing sleeves. so that as the shaft turns is pivoted to the opposite side of the outer without longitudinal motion the half-nut and carrier must be moved'along the shaft. Get on the top piece at and is driven from the motor 15 by means hereinafter de scribed to cause the carriage to travel along the tracks parallel to the work as has been of and the parts carried thereby. carrier is furthermore apertured vertically to receive a worm gear 82 which is also ’ Each pair of connecting links. shaft 77 and driving means back to the motor which have just been described. 20 70 provided for release from said screw shaft. see Fig. as will be understood. all rotatably held by the near the line of pivoting of the swinging 10 frame 11 over which a belt 71 runs to ya means above described for the purpose. while the other link 66 point. arms as clearly shown in Fig. Referring to Figs. at one side of the carrier 80. 9. the two arms of any one crank being rigidly connected by a rounded bar 70. through which the shaft 77 passes. is this shaft 77 which transmits motion to the screw shaft 16 to drive the carriage. 9. the carriage and near its left-hand end. the screw 105 shaft. 10 and 11 and the up position. 10 and 11. said cranks at one end of the 80. At the same time I do not wish to be restricted to the use of these links. and therefor it is necessary to employ some such 35 means as the pairs of connecting links shown. although it might be ac 30 that it is very di?icult to carry the cutters 95 around the sharp edges of the propeller ' complished in any suitable manner. 11. as shown in Fig. and a half-nut 87 is provided arm to ever be over the dead center at the to close down onto the screw shaft at this same time. 6. to slide in a kcyway 83' in.1. the projection 78 upon the top of the 85 90 necting links. to pivotally re ceive the link (55. and then the links are pivoted to these opposite ends of the outer arm. 126 the screw shaft. already stated. see Figs. . as 80 will next'be described. when desired. 3 and 10. rear side of said extension 79 is secured a such as will give a regular uniform cut. I In order to transmit motion from the ro tatable pattern or model holding and rotat ing means to the upper and lower work holding means. For rotating the pattern or model 10 and work pieces 8. The carrier 80 more especially to Figs.I will next describe how such motion is im 115 away from the oppositecranks in angular parted to the carriage 7 when desired. I have shown pairs of con 25 It . and means are also This screw shaft 16 is journaled in bear ings G-l. com‘ prises a pair of parallel links 65. From said double pulley the left~hand end'of the machine to a driv 72 another belt 7 5 extends along the to ing belt pulley 61 on the end of the screw shaft 16 above the top piece 4 of the ma chine. 7 and 8. 66 pivoted has a depending leg 84 which affords a bear ing for the rear end of the shaft 77. is extended rearward a little distance above. At the blades with a steady continuous motion. 1. as at 88. and to angular cranks 67 fast on theouter pro 46 jecting ends of the pattern andwork-pivot' fast on said shaft 77. the upper half of a part an inner arm 68 and an outer arm 69 at such of the cylindrical‘ portion 81. is cut away to expose the possible for the opposite ends of the outer screw shaft 16. said extension being shown herein as a solid block 79. I have shown in driving means for the carriage. ' verse cylindrical portion 81 which is bored to slidably receive the screw shaft 16. The 100 . so as to insure steady and even turning of the work pieces at allipoints of the track-6 and top piece 4 from the ma their angular motion. 9 I have shown a belt 60 extending from the belt pulley 47 on the sleeve 40 for the pattern-holding chuck at double pulley 72 ona stub shaft 73 project ing forwardly from a. one pair at each end of the carriage. on the other hand. is a worm 85 meshing with the worm It will be clear that the means gear 82. 1. when it is desired to have Coming now to the description of the ' either the screw shaft or the carriage moved 130 ii . this half-nut 87 is closed down onto. Referring more especially to Figs. 6. Each crank comprises per part of. the shaft of the drawings a pattern or model 10 and two the ‘motor 15 carries a driving pulley at or pieces of work 8.

a swinging frame mounted of pivoting of the frame and parallel to said 25 upon and extending transversely across a cutter shaft. Preferably some suit . the combination with a body por to said body.4. the combination-with a body por supporting and rotating a pattern and ‘a tion having opposite uprights. counter-balancing means for respect to those on the other upright. a cutter shaft journaled on said o?set portion and having a driving pulley at the opposite 6. 3. the combination with-a body por tion having opposite uprights.363. outer ends of said holders those for opening of the carriage or swing out of the one' upright being angularly spaced . In a machine of the character described. and other 7 15 scope of the invention. 90 100 105 110 115 120 for the ends of a pattern and piece of work ‘ lel. means for transmitting motion from said shaft to the cutter. a follower wheel and a supporting and rotating a pattern and a cutter shaft onrsaid frame. cranks ing. a fol connected to them at diiferent angular lower wheel for the pattern and a cutter for points so that both the cranks cannot be the work on the offset portion of said frame. not beover the dead center at the same 2. a carriage on said body.238 independent of the other. marginal portion of said carriage and hav of pivoting for driving the carriage from ing an offset portion adapted . to said body. 20 1. angu lar cranks on the outer ends of said holders. _ _ 65 whereby it serves as a counterbalance. and I do not wish ‘to be understood as restricting myself ex cept as required by the following claims when construed in the light of the prior art.with plane thereof. a swinging frame mounted tion having opposite uprights.. In a machine of the character described. and means for rotating-one of said 40 the combination of a body having means for holders.to lie in an the motor shaft. plane thereof. a pair said frame at the‘ opposite side of the line of connecting rods for each set of cranks 50 of pivoting from said o?set portion. a swinging frame I claimis. a belt substantially in said line . 5.might be employed. a motor on said swinging rods for each set of cranks connected to frame at the opposite side of its line of piv them at points 90° apart. a carriage substantially parallel scribed. In a machine of the character de scribed. and another belt from the opening of the carriage or swing out of the motor shaft to the cutter shaft. a swinging frame mounted rotatably mounted in said uprights. supporting and rotating. the half-nut 87 means for driving said cutter from said is tipped‘ or swung up out of ‘engagement. ' with the screw shaft.a cutter for the work at: the free end on the other upright. counter-balancing means for 30 said frame at the opposite side of the line of pivoting from said offset portion. a pattern and a 7. time. lln a machine of the character described. a motor on said-frame . of holders upon and extending transversely across a for the ends of a pattern and piece of work marginal portion of said carriage and hav rotatably mounted in said uprights. able means is provided for locking the half the combination of a body having means for nut in engaging position. a swinging frame on the side of the carrier 80 and normally mounted in said carriage to swing out of forced by a spring 91 into locking engage the plane thereof. over the dead center at the. motor. however. a motor on said 85 Work piece.111 a machine of the character de 13th . having its shaft intersecting the line of piv Various other modi?cations and changes oting of the frame. what supporting a pattern and a work piece. rotating one of said holders. an offset portion adapted to lie in an on the.1. ‘mounted in said carriage to swing out of the combination of a body having means for the plane thereof. of holders for the ends of a pattern'and piece of work and means for driving said pulley from a source of power. such as the bolt supporting a pattern and a work piece. and 9. a pair of connecting ~ of said frame. a follower wheel and a 10 ment with the half~nut. In a machine'of the character described. the combination of a body having means for Havingthus described the invention. ‘means for rotating one of said holders. means substantially in 75 _ may be made in ‘manufacturing my inven~ ' said line of pivoting for transmitting motion tion without departing from the spirit and from said shaft to the carriage. In a machine of the character described. Any other suitable cutter on said frame. a 70 89 which I have shown sliding'in arms 90 carriage on said body. and and means for driving said cutter. cranks in said carriage to swing out of the plane on the outer ‘ends of said holders those for “thereof. of holders work piece. a pair of connecting rods for each set of cranks connected to them at different an gular points so that both the cranks can edge of the offset portion from the cutter. a carriage substantially parallel frame having its shaft intersecting the line to said body.means. a follower wheel for the pattern one uprightbeing angularly opposite those 125 and . a carriage substantially paral 95 rotatably mounted in said uprights. same time. 8. a fol lower wheel for the pattern and a cutter for the work at the free end of said frame.1n a machine of the character de 55 the combination of a body having means for scribed. and means for oting from said follower wheel and cutter. lln a machine of the character de work piece.

and nieans for driving 15 piece. a motor on said frame having a central opening. a follower wheel and a cut ter on said offset portion. a carriage on said body cutter on said frame. a motor located on ‘said to them at different angular‘ points so that frame so that its weight aids in positioning both the cranks cannot be over the dead 35 the follower and cutter. carriage. In a machine of the character. a carriage on sai body. .body having opposite side of the line of pivoting fromi attern and a work said'o?'set portion. a follower wheel 90° apart. a followerv wheel and a cutter on cannot be over the dead center ‘at the same said offset portion. and means for rotating one of and a cutter on said frame. a motor located said holders. ‘upon a marginal ‘portion of said carriage . 17. . the combination of a body having out of the plane'thereof toward and away means for rotatably ‘supporting a pattern 65 . carriage. a motor on said swing-v portion. the combination ofa. va carriage onsaid ody having a cen said cutter. 95 . angular cranks on said holders. a carnage on sald body. character de > 40 scribed. the combination with a body por piece. a pair of connecting rods ‘ one side thereof and having an offset por for said cranks connected to them at dif tion' adapted to lie in the opening of'the ferent angular points so that both the cranks 12. cranks on said holders those for one carriage. driving said cutter and carriage from said motor. 13. and means for driving said cutter 50 and carriage from said motor. a swinging frame .1. said motor. In a machine of the. of holders for a pattern and a piece 20 carriage.363. a 65 60 tion. the combination with a body por ' 110 tion. the combination of a body having tion. . of holders for a pattern and a piece frame mounted in said carriage to swing of work rotatably mounted in said body por out of the plane thereof toward and away tion. cranks on said holders. a pair of connecting rods 115 to swing out of the‘ plane thereof toward for said cranks connected to them at points and away from the work. of holders for a pattern and a piece means for supporting a pattern and aiwork of vwork rotatably mounted in said body por 100 45 tral opening. de portion.15. and‘ means for center at the same time. aidsand > GEORGE W. In a machine of the character de scribed. and means for ro-' 85 ‘ . In a machine of'the character de— of the carriage._ a swinging frame mounted from said motor. In a machine of the character de piece. a carriage on said body having a cen tion. a follower wheel and a cut of connecting rods for said cranks connected ter on said frame. a follower wheel an a cutter on of work rotatably mounted in said body 80 said offset portion. at the opposite side of the line of pivoting mounted upon a marginal portion of said thereof from said follower wheel and cut carriage at one side thereof and having an 10 ter. and means for ro 80 .238 scribed. DUGHEMIN. a swinging 14. pattern and work piece 75 tral opening. ‘ . the combination of a body having means for driving said cutter. of holders for a pattern and a piece scribed. tating one of said holders. g 90. a swinging frame mounted holder being angularly opposite those for upon a marginal portion of said carriage at the‘ other holder. 10. a carriage on said body. a pair from the work. cranks on said holders those for one holder being angularly' opposite those for swinging frame mounted in said carriage the other holder. the combination with a body por portion adapted to lie in the o ening of the tion. and means for rotating one of said ' side of the line of. the combination of a body having 16. the combination with a body por scribed. and tov them at different angular points so that means for driving said cutter from said both the cranks cannot be over the dead 25 motor. In a machine of the character de scribed. a pair of ~1ng frame at the opposite side of the line connecting rods for said cranks connected of pivoting from said offset portion. and means for driving said cutter from offset portion adapted to lie in the opening . In a machine of the character de ' means for‘supporting a attern and a work scribed. a motor at the scribed. 11. pat means for supporting a pattern and a work tern and work plece from said motor. the combination of a body having of work rotatably mounted in said body por ' means for rotatably supporting a pattern and a work piece. a swinging tion. a motor at the opposite ' time.‘ pivoting‘ from said offset holders. plece. In a machine of the character de~ tating one of said holders. ‘.7 a on positioning said frame the sofollower that itsand weight cutter.frame mounted in said carriage to swlng from the work. 518. In a machine of the character de means for supporting a at one side vthereof and having an offset scribed. - center at the same time. scribed. a follower wheel and a and a work piece.