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March 31, 1931.

c. BLACK ET AL

-

'

1,798,925

MACHINE FOR UUFYING ‘SHOE LASTS AND OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES

Filed March 30, 1928

'7 Sheets-Sheet

1

Fig. 1

CARL BLACK
CARL BENSCHEIDT J’FC“
lNvENToRs

BY

f/KML Attoma}

March 31. 2. Amrngy. mvENToRs 5. c. @MM “WM. BLACK ET AL‘ ' 1.798. . CA R’L.926 MACHINE FOR COPYING SHOE LASTS AND OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES Filed March 30. 1928 7 7 Shee'ts-Sheet 2 Fly. BLACK CARL BENsCHEmTIR. 1931.

c. .926 MACHINE FOR COPYING SHOE LASTS AND OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES Filed March 50. .793. BLACK ET AL ' 1. NvENToRs By @1235tau-Q Attornuy. 1928 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 CARL BLACK CARL BENSCHElDTJR.March 31.1931.

4 (11m.926 MACHINE FOR COPYING SHOE LASTS AND OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES Filed March 30.March 31. BLACK CRRL'BENSCHEIOTTRH INVENT 095 By L m Attorne] . BLACK ET AL 1. c. 1931.798. 1928 7 Sheets-Sheet 4 Fig.

March 31. INVENTQRS By QWMML twin Attorney. I . 1931. 1928 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 Fig.926 MACHINE FOR COPYING SHOE LASTS AND OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES Filed March 30.5 CARL BLACK ‘ CARL BENscHEmT Jk. c_ BLACK ET AL ' 1.798.

March 31.926 MACHINE FOR COPYING SHOE LASTS AND OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES Filed March 30. . 1931. Q BLACK ET AL 1.798. 1928 '7 Sheets-Sheet 6 Hg. 6 CARL BLACK’ CARL BENSCHEIDTJRH. |NVENTOR5 WWW he»)? Attorney.

March 31. c.798. 1931. . BLACK ET AL ' 1. BY Wk. 1928 7 Sheets-Sheet '7 CRRL BLAcK CARL Bmschmm 3R INVENTQRQ. talk.Ak’Lornéy.926 MACHINE FOR COPYING SHOE LASTS AND OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES Filed March 30.

while the product manufactured on the bench is greatly improved. supporting the pattern and the block in sep~ are arate slides. particularly when. ‘ It has already been ing and stopping mechanism. Our invention relates to an improved ma chine for copying shoe lasts and other ir cited drawbacks are effectively eliminated by effecting the straight-line guidance of the regular articles. so that they perform a recti— 30 45 associated. which forces have a the shaft 23 of thegear‘drive electricmotor means detrimental action upon the pattern and‘ren of pulley 17 . tated by rotationv of the dog. 266. The invention is illustratively“exempli?ed pattern in relation to the cutter head and in the accompanying drawings in which Fig thus to the size of the last to‘v be produced is ure 1 is a front elevation of the machine.926 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CARL BLACK AND CARL‘ BENSCHEIDT. The position of the motion offer so little friction. the work differs considerably from the pat -The machine frame comprises legs 1 and tern..034.Patented Mar. wheel and when a change of the operative Figure 4 a section on an enlarged scale of the radius occurs the supporting frame. Serial No. Figure 6 an deformations occur in the reproduction of assembled View on an enlarged scale of means 20 the pattern. 1Reciprocable at the left side of ‘the bed 3 linear motion.9 by The gear clerthe motion of the feeler in the reverse wheel 8 has the form of a wide roll so that direction difficult. 1931 1. the pattern which is secured between dog 11 so that the feeler is not able to drop quickly and ‘bearing point 13. the size of Figure 7 a perspective of the lever guide.. due to the for changing the speed of the machine. describes means for width grading. is a carriage l1 supporting a gear box 5 adapt~ is comparatively heavy and cumbersome. however. ‘The driving very great forces are employed for keeping shaft‘15forthe isrotated from the parts in contact. or when a piece of work shaped‘ sym 2 supporting two tablesor ‘beds 3 and‘10. This mechanism. Figure 3 a side elevation.7 98. Figure 5 a sche an are. OF ALFELD-ON-THE-LEINE.1928. 31. that the work-‘ ing speed ‘may be‘ considerably‘ increased.The feeler wheel in contact with the pattern and the cutter head operating on the block to be shaped are mounted in slides adapted to be moved longitudinally. The pivots ofsuoha guide link shoe lasts and other irregularly shaped ar ticles a rocking or oscillating frame is usually employed in which the pattern or model and the work are rotatably supported. M is been used which cause considerable friction. belt 19 and pulley 21. the pattern being ro enough into recesses of the pattern unless.‘ 1927. ‘ i . early or in a straightline in the direction The gear 5 is provided with a dog 11 and the towards the work and away from it. and a regulat attempted to eliminate these drawbacks by ing devicehereinafter more fully described. In this way certain distortions or matic view of the lever guide. GERMANY MACHINE FOR COPYING SHOE Lasrs Am‘) OTHER IRREGULAR ARTICLES Application ?led March 30. direction of rotation of the pattern is oppo electric motor 9. but here 7 with abearing pointlS which is lon also the customary dovetailed guides have head gitudinallydisplaceable in the head 7 . and usually provided grading devices. JR. The advantages of the guidance in a straight line instead of in an are as regards the avoidance of dis-. feeler ‘wheel and the ‘cutter‘head by‘ a guide In the usual copying benches for copying link motion. tortions in the ?nished last are maintained.' metrically to the pattern is produced and the The left leg 1 is formed as a‘ housing for an . Fig-‘ determined by the pattern touching the feeler ure 2 a plan view. . and in Germany April 7. with which the usual start site to that of the work. the engagement between the gears 6 and 8 is According to our invention the above re~ not disturbed when the carriage 4 which car . ed to receive a speed reducing gear with two It has also been proposed to arrange the gear‘ wheels 6 and‘ 8 and a movablehead 7 feeler and the cutter head to slide irectilin~ adapted‘to be secured in ‘adjusted position.

segment with which meshes a gear wheel 104 he coupling 55 is provided at both sides carried by a shaft bearing in the carriage 43. The and the cutter is pressed against the work. This is clearly ap portedby a point 33 which is revolubly and parent from schematic Figure 5 in which a longitudinally adjustably arranged in a head number of positions of the lever system are 35. e..‘ point [0 by means of the hand wheel 107. This gear e?ects rotation of the dog The length of the parts 61.798. 87 rigidly connected block V7. the roller 89 will move in the bracket parallel to the axis of the rod 81. If. carrying a nut 45 engaged by a threaded placeable. 73 are rigidly connected to disc 37 causes the‘ roller 89 to move down.926 ries the gear box 5 reciprocates. 65 gether by a‘tube or rod 7 5. the from the pattern. gear. 71. the bracket is turned into the posi cured to the carriage 43. Thelonger arm of the 100 the motor 9. The rear ends of the bars 81. The direction of rotation may be reversed and the position of the pivotal points is such. This and may be coupled thereto by the jaw cou bracket is pivotally connected at the point k pling 55. pattern is reproduced in its natural size.riage occurs when a difference between the length of the pattern and that of the last is the copying disc 37. 45 or the pulley 60. The lower ends of the levers are pivoted to the carriage 43 and‘ the sup ports are held together by a rod 69. whereby'the'sleeve. ‘ The sleeve 91(Figure 4) is con.2 . for the retraction of the The bracket 101 may be rotated about the 110 carriage may be coupled with the spindle 47. such means comprising a gear box 25 with the carriage 43. the like movement of the copying cillatory arms 71. and porting means for the copying‘ disc37 and y-—y and ‘the intermediate position being 50 55 the cutter head 39. is caused by the an arm 83 is rotatably connected with the length grading mechanism.7 in practical operation. 67. Contacting with the pat~ path 0 d. . The spindle 47 carries a second with a block 103 secured to the carriage 43. The hubs of the os tion w'—w.’ The rear 115 ahigh part of the pattern M. with coupling teeth so that either the stepped This shaft is also provided at its end with a Y pulley 49 for the advance of the carriage 43 hand wheel 107.. 67 are containing the usual reducing and reversing ?rmly interconnected by tensioned wires 89. a displacement of the car~ attached to carriage 43. and the movement of the sleeve 91 will be transmitted without change‘ to this rod and will be imparted without change by the lever system to the cutter head so that the movement of the latter will be like the move ends of the supports 61.. the point a'moves in a rectilinear justed position. carrying a lever wards which results in an oscillation of the arm 77 to which is secured one end of a re lever 95. 1. (Fig ures 2 and 3) and acting on the block W’ is a tem in'the operative position in which the rotary cutter 39 driven by an electric motor copying disc is pressed ‘against the pattern 25. In accordance with the present invention lowing manner (see Figures 3 and 4). Each of the supports is connected at a’ point _e or fnear the center thereof with a lever 65 or 67. As herein tractile spring 79. A support 61 is provided for the copying tion and the copying disc 37 is forced back by. the Associated with the carriage 43 is the sup two outer positions being denoted a2—~a.' spindle~47. the other end of which is after described. The levers 65. are with this lever guide arrangement in the fol . The width grading mechanism is connected‘ parts of the mechanism so far described. Mov means of a sleeve 91 which is pivoted to the ably guided on the bed 10 is a carriage 43 support 61 and in which the rod 81 is dis usual in this type of machines. guided in a novel and unique manner. Carried at the point a of a suitable bar 81 . The the copying discr37 and the cutter 39 are rod 81 is connected with the support 61 by so. 15 20 so that ‘a like or reverse copy may be produced that upon oscillation of the lever system. 7 3 pivotal about studs carried by blocks se however. 91 is drawn to 130 . Y r r ‘ The spring 79tends to hold the lever sys tern M is a feeler wheel or copy disc 37. . either a right or left points a and I) move in a path which is rec last may be produced from the pattern of a tilinear in that part which is of importance right last. while at the point 6 made according thereto. the‘ manner of connection shown in Figure 4. 41 by means of the ?exible shaft 44. 63. belt pulley 57 which is connected by a belt The end of the bracket is formed as a toothed 105 59 with the pulley 60 on the motor shaft 23. 63 are connected by ment of the copying disc. the 60 means ‘of pins 9 h with oscillating arms’? 1.~ The other end of the block is sup. ‘Between the positions illus may be adjusted thereon and secured in ad trated. i. In this case. 65. the means for securing the work or wood 83 travel in guides 85. The driver of the reducing gear lever 95 carries at its end a roller 89 which 52 and the pulley 60 are loose on the shaft 23 engages the slot of a bracket 101. disc 37 and a support 63 for the cutter head 39. 73 31. support 63 in which the shaft of the knife Arranged at the right side of the bed 3 is block 39 bears. > If the bracket is in the intermediate posi of the parts being best shown in Figure 7. The head 35 is carried by the bed3 and illustrated. The end of the spindle carries a nected by a link 93 with a two-armed lever 95 stepped pulley 49 which is driven by a belt 51 which bears at the point'z' in a block 97 se and a stepped pulley 53 from the shaft 23 of cured to the rod 81.

125 ‘ Figure 6 shows the construction adapted 4.6 CM ‘ We claim as our invention :-— 1. a cutter head associated with the According to another ‘feature of our inven copying disc and adapted to reproduce the tion a device is provided which allows the pattern on the work. a copying disc longitudinally and transversely displaceable in relation to the pattern. TNhen the feeler means for guiding the copying disc and cut wheel encounters places on the revolving pat ter in a straight line.. other irregularly shaped objects. pattern and of the dimensions of the work in relation to work. the speed of ro-v tation and the feed should preferably be re~ duced. said rod carrying either the copying disc tion of the speed of the motor. said guide comprising linkage regulated automatically. The point or increase‘its speed. means for holding the work. a slotted one-armed lever. a feeler cured in such adjusted position. means for holding the through which more or less resistance may be Work. At other places of the pattern it is desirable to increase the speed of the machine. 100 2. the re~ production is either enlarged or reduced. which could be copied at a high speed pattern on the Work. ‘ . in combination with a without suffering thereby. Connected ad tern or the work. tern which by their shape cause an undesir 3.799. For Various changes and modi?cations may be this purpose a lever 109 (Figure 1) is uti made without ‘departing from the spirit of lized which is connected with the carriage 4 our invention and the ambit of the following by means of a shaft 111 rotatable in bearing eyes.920 the left so that the point a travels a greater introduced into the‘motor circuit to decrease distance than the copying disc 37. said sleeve 119 which is connected by means of a rods being guided adjacent to the pattern or link 121 with a block 123 secured to the bed work by said links and at the far end by a 3. . In a machine for copying shoe lasts and 110 able vibration of the machine or which should other irregularly shaped objects. the rod 127 is forced back ‘more or less verse effect is obtained and the peripheral whereby the‘gear 126‘ causes‘a revolutionot width of the resulting piece of work is less the lever 125 which interposesl more or‘ less 75 than that of the pattern. The templateis removable and inter the pattern in the direction of the center of changeable. a copying disc longitudinally and transversely displaceable in relation to the 105 pattern. means for The motor 9 is connected with a rheostat 50 holding a pattern. The sleeve 119 may be adjusted in relation guide. In a machine for copying shoe lasts or 85 1y of the lever 109 and capable of being se~ other irregularly shaped articles. a cutter head associated with the when the feeler contacts with places on the copying disc and adapted to reproduce the pattern. 110 claims. The lower end of the arm 109 carries a sleeve 113 which is adjustable longitudinal— 30 ". of the carriage or in the opposite direction. If the so shaped ‘that upon advance‘ of the carriage 10 bracket be placed in the position y-ay the re 43-. De slidable in said lever and connected with the 95 pendent upon the position of the parts 113 guide link system and the rod carrying the and 119. means for holding a pattern.3 1. rods upon which said feeler 90 justably to the upper end of the lever 109 is a wheel and said cutter head are mounted. and a slide guide for the a gradual cutting in or out resistances. during the movement of the car feeler wheel. the pattern is reproduced in. a member to the pivotal point 111 of the lever 109. a copying disc longitudinally and 130 . holding a pattern. According to our straight~line guide for the forward end of a 115 120 invention this object is attained by a regula~ rod. means for ‘holding the work. a movement of the carriage 4 on the lever in an oblique position the relative mo bed 3 will be brought about which will be tion of the feeler wheel rod to the guide link either in the same direction as the movement system may be varied as desired. its natural length in the piece of work. in combination with a 45 speed of the motor 9 driving the pattern and straight line ‘guide for the copying disc and the work and operating the feed motion to be 'cutter head. this sleeve wheel and cutter head a guide link motion being connected by means of a stud with a for moving the feeler wheel and the cutter slide movable between guides 117 rigidly con~ head in a straight-line in relation to the pat nected with the carriage 43. e. 7 rotation is effected in the usual manner. In a machine for copying shoe lasts and other irregularly shaped objects. rear end of the rod. CO In the middle position the carriage remains stationary. resistance dependent upon the desired motor The length gradings i. In the latter case. i The lever 125is con+ 6 at which the cutter head is not displaceably nected with a gear 126 with which meshes a arranged performs the same movement as rack127 carrying aroller 129 spring pressed the point a so that the cutter head produces a against a template 124:. while by adjustment. The template is piece of work which is radially enlarged as rigidly‘connected with the carriage 43 and is compared with the pattern M. In a machine for copying shoe lasts and for the practical utilization of this principle. said guide comprising may be a stepwise regulation motor of known links for guiding the copying disc and cutter construction or its speed may be changed by in a straight path. means for be cut particularly carefully. the modi?cation speed and the advance of the. The motor or the cutter head. so that by placing said slotted riage 43.

a cutter head associated with the I copying disc andv adapted. transversely displaceable in relation to the.1. CARL BLACK. an electric motor for longitudinally displacing the support for the copying disc and cutter 10 head. CARL BENSGHEIDT. JR. to reproduce the pattern on the work.926. pattern.798. 11%) 69 hi . switch means for the motor and means for automatically changing the rotary speed of the motor during the said displacement. in combination with a Cl straight-line guide for the copying disc and cutter head comprising links which guide the copying disc and cutter in a straight line. In testimony whereof We have a?ixed our signatures.