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`Íèm. l0, 1933.

G, A, PAR-[EN

»

1,893,957

CARVING MACHINE STRUCTURE

Filed March 25, 1928

4 Sheets-Sheet

l

957 CARVING MACHINE STRUCTURE Filed Mallen 2s. PARTEN ' _ 1.1’933.” 192s 4 sheets-sheet 2 .. Q_ A.893. 10.Jan.

Jan. 10. CARVING G' A. MACHINE PARTEN STRUCTURE Filed March 25. 1928 Jia 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 .

PARTEN _ 1.Jan. A.893. l0. i928 4 Shee'CS-Sheeü 4 . 1933. „ G.957 cARvING MACHINE STRUCTURE Filed March 25.

Fig. 1 as indicated by the arrows and shown on anenlarged scale. _ ~ apart transversely of the machine. 7 is a vertical section taken on line 7_7 of Fig. MINNESOTA CARVING MACHINE> lS'I. the said shaft 29 can turn independently of the tubu~ lar arm supporter 30."R`I. . 10 is a partial plan view showing a against any lateral motion on the shaft 29. a top plan view of a portion of 35 the machine shown on an enlarged scale. 8 is a partial plan view of the carriage 29 at any instant of time. ' G9 Said end frame members 20 include plate~ reliability in the handling of the tool car like castings 20aprigidly secured. lustrated `in `the accompanying drawings which rails 20?) are made of vcomparatively wherein like notations refer to like parts in thin strips of steel rigidly secured to said 70 frame plate casting 20a. 1 and 3' of the drawings. Fig. 1 is a top plan view of the machine 23?). and. of June 10th. and if need be. such as the cross tie 22. In View of the said position of the said ball race 28. one at u 2-2 of Fig. speaking setting` of the hub of the wheel 236 in a re specifically. . 9 of the drawings. 1 And Fig. My invention relates. The said 95 5 Fig. eíìiciency in the ' working of the tools and greater-ease and Referring to the drawings. 4 as indicated by the arrows. 9 is a view in side elevation of said tracks 20?) and are guided thereby. 192s. 11 is a vertical section taken on line 4 grooved wheels 236 hold _the shaft 29. to these ends. 12 is a centralvertical section together with the ball races. serial No.957 Patented Jan. 10o 50 Directly along side of the grooved wheels 29 `Yand the said arm supporter 30. As already stated. each of the opposite ends thereof. cause of the flanges on their grooves. as best shown in Figs. 10.to the other riage. Fig. are held properly spaced modified form of theinvention. near the backvof the machine.~ ' Fig. 20 which are suitably connected together by cross ties extending transversely of the machine. patent to Emil R.1. and on the upper ends or edges of this 65 plate-like castings 20a are secured track rails out in the claims. it primarily relates to engraving cess of the roller 23. 1933 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE GUSTAVE A.is a vertical section taken on line >are loosely mounted on the shaft 29. The said wheels 22521 Fig. 6 as indicated by the arrows. Grooved wheels 20 the several views. tubular arm supporter 30 at the proper and also through the tubular arm supporter height above the said tracks and‘the work 30 and the ball race located betweenthe shaft table of the machine. Fig. clearly shown in Figs. 4. S. the same being -each of said pairs of rails 20?) and adapted to somewhat shortened and shown with a com paratively small number of tools.893. 5 is a vertical section taken on line 5--5 of Fig.v spaced apart thereby. generally speaking. roller and guideway construction. my invention con parts of the frame and extending upward be sists of the novel devices and combinations yond the level ofthe work table of the ina 15 of devices hereinafter described and pointed chine. be roller construction. roll over the same and be held propcrl. OF MINNEAPOLIS. Fig. a machine is shown comprising a frame having the cud 55 members . 6 is. in other words. two in number. and. No.903. Iî01. and. or. as clearly shown in said Fig. 12. ..'J'CT‘URE applicati@ mea March 26. and in said drawings : Fig. 8 and 12. are supported. My'invention in its preferred form is il 206. 1 as indicated by the arrows. 3 is a view in end elevation of the ma chine. Ball races 28 are located between the ends of the tubular arm supporter 30 and the shaft 29. PARTEN. and this supporter 30 and the outer sections of the ball race can 85 turn on the inner sections of the race inde pendently. y the two grooved wheels 23?) engage the two „o Fig. 8.650. one on embodying the invention. Lochman. and my inven tion has for its primary purpose to provide improvements in that type of engraving ma chines with a view of securing greatly in 10 creased capacity and greater.. ll-llof Fig. 2 . No novelty is considered to reside in the off to tool -operating machines and. 264. in opposite direc tions to the turning movement of the lshaft Fig. 10. best shown in' Fig. also hold the through the wheel and roller shown in Fig. 1902. is a vertical section taken substan 30 tially on line 4_4 of Fig. machines of the type disclosed in the ex 5 pired U. are held.

as shown in Fig. or interfere with form a rigid cross bar connecting the ends of each other. ameter of that roller 23. The brackets 42 have a rear vertical surface to which is bolted the flange shaft independently of the rotary motion of 43a of an electric motor 43. and the parts lower end of which is pivoted or hinged to carried thereon. greater than before the the peripheries of these two wheels 23. and. are 'the belt-carrying alignment roller 23. the independent rollers tom of the short brackets 42. 7. _ The purpose of having at each opposite screws 326 extend through the top and bot 125 end of the/ carriage. aíïords a compensating device which 15 20 25 30 These bands 24. the manipulation of that carriage. Headed screws shaft 30 having horizontally extending upper 26A extend through the little lever arms 25 and lower portions with conical recesses in and 25a and react against the bodies of the their tops and bottoms for receiving the lugs 20c for adj ustably positioning the upper pointed ends of screws 32 extending through 80 85 90 95 ends of said lever arms 25 and 25a for proper the tops and bottoms respectivel of arms 33. the fastenings. each make a wrap about their will enable the bands 24 properly to do their supporting roller 23. the driving shaft loose on the shaft 29 and can turn on that 130 .2 1. when the bands 24 have made more screws 29a. This is lugs 20c supported by the frame plate 20a. Yokes 39 are connected by remov 115 50 opposite ends of the carriage. but it in a flat spring 27. ers 23. an important improvement in this class of The corresponding end of the other of these machines. In other words. pivoted to the lower secured in this class of machines. being done by screws 24a. true alignment of the parts is are also brackets 42 disposed midway be always maintained.898. so that the grooved wheel 236 is of screws 326. whereby all of said' arms may be 23. and in virtue. scribed. and the outer end of work without any skidding of the carriage one of these bands 24 is secured to the upper supporting wheels 236 under the manual end of a little hinged arm or lever 25. when necessary. one of the two bands at each of 33a and in the bore o said hub. of the two rollers arms 33. as such wrapping will make the di being laterally spaced outward of said rails. is to mounted band wrapping and alinement roll avoid the skiddmg which would otherwise ers 23 detachably but rigidly secured to the occur in the travelof the carriage in either shaft 29 in any suitable way. the presence of these therein. while said bands hold tween each pair of brackets carryin the arms the carriage on its track and limit the travel 33 which receive screws 326 simi ar to the screws 32 and also held by jamb nuts. 8 and 9 of the work form as shown in Fig. the lower end of which is sures a higher degree of accuracy in the work secured to the upper end of a corresponding of the carving tools than could be otherwise little arm or lever 25a. as above de latter brackets are swing‘able about the axes scribed. with their inner ends secured to the grooved wheels 236 which travel on the tracks wheels. whereby said 110 of this structure and dirposition of the said arms are pivotally engaged between said two bands 24 on each of the rolls 23.the jamb nuts 32a. The the opposite ends of the carriage is yielding arms 33 are embraced adiiacent their forward ly held by the said springs 27 for keeping all ends by yokes 39 having screws 40 at their of the bands under proper tension and pre tops and bottoms having pointed ends seated venting the breaking of any thereof. whereby said 23 and wheels 236 mounted. Brackets 31 are bolted to the rear side of end of a corresponding lug 20c depending from said -frarne plate 20a. co-operation with the bands 24. having a tool cliuck 37 at its lower end adapt ed to receive the tool 37a. i bands 24 is secured to the upper end of to be more easily manipulated. as by jamb direction. Oil or grease cups 38 are disposed at the to of bearing 35. The hu 33a is the ends of the particular bands 24 secured bored to receive a s indle 34 suitably carried thereto outward and hold the same under uni in a ball bearing 35 is osed on the top of hub form tension. by the operator. measured through Two thin flat steel bands 24 are applied to the wrapped bands. The arms 33 are of open ers 23 are best shown in Figs.. In other words.957 236. These parts said screws being held in fixe position by and their relations to the bands and the roll . one at each of the opposite ends of the swung by movement of said frame about the axes extending through the screws 32. and thus lel with and slightly spaced apart from each also greater than the diamenter of the 75 other. said spindle being held in lace by suitable nuts 36 and 105. The fiat springs 27 are of such wardly and forwardly extending top ortions shape and so applied that they tend to force terminating in a hub 33a. which of the same. The said rollers 23 do not con than one wrap around their respective roll 70 tact with the rails 206. the two bands able sleeves 41 so that said yokes and sleeves on each roller never cross. having down 100 drawings. There 55 carriage and the said two bands 24 applied 60 12° as described. 8 of two elements 23 and 236. It not only enables the carriage tv. on the outer ends of the shaft 29. at the screws. paral 10 wrapping of the bands occurred. mounted as de the drawings. in peripheral depressions 23a formed 206. but clear the same. In view in depressions on said arms. will al low the said bands to yield enough to per mit the wraps of the bands about the roller to be made without breaking -the bands.

6 of said drawings. Said plate 45 has a de sion member by said hangers. the arm at transverse member 30 of the tool carriage. of course. 110 Each bracket has secured to its rear side a strip 58 of ñexible material. as -the other side of the central arm will be 60 clearly shown in Fig. At such 125 sion member of the truss is of bowed form. bearingof said pulley and stud. tions of the underlying transverse member30. to wit. member 59 which is adjustable in relation as shown.v The said pul of the said member 30 is of large importance ley 48 and spring actuated slide 45 and the in this carving machine. The said compres swung in the opposite direction. the said compression52 and a belt 53 runs over the pulley 44 of the member of the truss is adapted to serve also motor 43 and from thence extends forwardly` as a housing for the current conducting Wires to the pulleys 52 on the arms 33 at each side that supply the electric motors used on this 30 of bracket 42 and then extends rearwardly machine to drive the spindles.` The spindle 34 has function. This truss is best shown in Figs. For large carv 95 100 ing machines of this Lochman type. as above stated. above stated. pull rod 46 and hence plate 45. the strain placed on the compres of the bracket 42. it is necessary to reinforce the transverse member 30 ofthe carriage in some way which will prevent the sagging of that memberunder the load carried thereby. said brackets at its rear end against which presses one end 55 might properly be called buttressing 15 20 25 of a coiled compression spring 47 -surround brackets. end of a rod 46 extending rearwardly through and through the brackets.393. as shown. rearwardly. These hangers 56 might. is transmitted 75 10 pending lug 455 in which is secured the front by the compression member to the brackets 55. It will be noted that one arm 33 is pro when in working position. is made up of the sections 54 con’ to the bracket by having a threaded headed nected by T sections 54a. but which might be screw 60 pass therethrough and engage the made of a continuous open-ended tube of the side of its respective bracket. A plate 45 engages the bracket 42 at the under and hence.3 1. 2. the same being guided in a slot ers. an oil or 'grease> cup 49 being equipped with nuts at their upper ends by shown above said plate for lubricating the which the rods may be drawn up to set the. or without any sagging. and for this purpose the same `has se 130 . by properly adjusting these hang side thereof. 80 ing said rod and bearing at its other end are in the form of rods having their lower against portion 420. extending through a slot 42?) in the-front end Of course. especially so in ma mountings of said parts constitute an auto chines employing a large number of spindles. This trussing ' and passes around pulley 48. For the compression member of this truss. but also appears in Fig. time one of the sections 41 between the cen and the said brackets 55 support the same tral arm and adjacent arm will have to be above the transverse member 30 in a common plane with the axis of said transverse mem removed. and its lower edge. With 120 tube or compression member are seated in the the construction described it will be seen that upper ends of strong -upright brackets 55 if one of the arms 33 at one side of the cen which are rigidly secured to the ends of the tral arm 33 is swung laterally. Being of tubular secured thereto within the hub 33a a pulley form. and hence. One of the' requisite strength. I employ a strong metallic tube of substantially the same length. The adjustable hangers. v rl‘he machine is provided with guide rails ber.pulley 48 having a ñange at compression member kof the truss. The arms 33 a't'either side ofthe central arm 33 have secured thereto and 105 extending inwardly therefrom segmental brackets 57 having inner curved surfaces sub stantially concentric with the pivoted screws of the arms 33 to which they are connected. which extends forwardly and is secured to the bracket 57 on the other arm and specifically to a hinged 115 verse member 3() of the tool carriage. The ends of this metallic strips 58 is disposed above the other. by a link 50 pivotally connected to both brack take other forms capable of producing the 90 ets by suitable screws. and having their upper ends screw-threaded The plate 45 carries at its front end on a de and extending through the T’s 545 of the pending stud a . I apply a truss of special structure designed by me to meet this particular problem. A series of adjustable hangers 56 con 61 which are arranged to be raised and low 65 nect intermediate portions of said compres ered. 1 and 2 of the drawings. the compression member of the truss can 70 42a formed in a depending portion 420 of be set under any desired camber needed to bracket 42 and being further guided by hav make it uphold the transverse member in a ing a pin 45a projecting upwardly therefrom true straight line.957 of said motor extending downwardly and sion member of the truss to intermediate por having secured thereto a íianged pulley 44. which. Spring 47 thus tends to ends secured to said transverse member 30. vided at the central portion of the machine any machine employing more thanl ten or and this arm will be provided at its forward 40 45 twelve spindles. 35 matic belt tightener which is always operative as will hereinafter be.as the trans 50 end with a guide tool instead of a cutting _tool 37. to the ends of the the depending portion 420 and having a head `transverse member. Bracket 42 compression member under the camber de is connected to one of the adjacent arms 33 sired.more particularly to hold the belt 53 taut under proper tension pointed out.

110 In Figs.103. gear 92 running wardly. so that of’gear 92 and shaft 89 will revolve in the 45 rail 76 will be moved forwardly vor rear sâîne direction as shaft 90. having centers 86a and work carryin chucks machine is shown. A clutch member 105 is inner ends. so that the teeth 9919 is journaled in brackets 84 carried on the rear move out o_f engagement with gear 92 and ends of screws 78.4 Legacy: cured thereto and depending therefrom four disposed at each side of bracket 97. Sleeve 99 is 100 105 forward ends are adapted to receive a crank still connected to the member 105 so that shaft ' l 85 whereby when one of them is turned. rear ends meshing with beveled gears 82 If the _clutch fork 100 be operated. is bolted a motor 112 having its driving Said shafts are adapted to be driven by bev eled gears 91 and 92. in which arms 110 are 866 at their forward ends.. rearwardly of the machine llOa. a hub portion 92a having splined grooves‘the‘rein receiving keys 996 carried in lugs 20e and having gears thereon adapted a clutch sleeve 99. 76 extends between the guide rails 61 being wherebv sleeve 99 is connected to member arranged for sliding movement on the latter 105. A locking nut 75 havino' a pro-` pinned tothe shaft 89 and has teeth or keys 90 jecting handle is disposed at the f'i‘ont of 105a at its outer end over which engage 30 each of said screws. by collars 101e pinned thereto and 80 receive cranks 70. It will be seen that when . A movable cross rail splined grooves in one end ofthe sleeve 99. The s afts 86 oscillatably mounted on brackets 31 secured have secured thereto gears 87 adapted to be to the shaft 30 by the screws lll-'passing simultaneously rotate by the worm gears 88. 4. bracket 65 bolted to lugs 20e. said shaft which mesh with gears 67 secured t0 the ends 101 projecting'at the front of the rail 71 and of rod 68 journaled in suitable brackets 69 being equipped with an operating handle. 1 e. 130 . The rods 64 also extends forwardly and rearwardly of the extend at each end of the machine and are machine. 4. 115 some of which are secured to a shaft 89 and The arm 110 has a flat rear surface to which some of which are -secured to a shaft 90. disposed at each side of the bearing _102. the 89 will now be driven by block 104 instead other will be correspondingly turned. Sñring 118 thus tends ment by the collars 96a pinned thereto and to move rod 117 and pu ey 116 rearwardly. said rod having a head at its outer end and journaled in brackets 97 carried on the engaged by compression coil spring 118 sur~ cross member 22 and rail 71 respectively. through the top and bottom of the arm 110. being journaled in brackets 102 on 75 equipped at their rear ends with gears 66 members 22 and 71 respectively. The these cranks are turned. roundin said rod and bearing at its other The rod 96 is kept from longitudinal move end agalnst lug 110a. The bracket 110 has guideways on its under surface in which slides a plate 114vhavi'1g a depending stud 115 on which is journaled a pulley 116 having a 120 a beveled gear 94 which also has a spur gear flange at ~its lower edge. The shaft 89 revolves with gear 92 and it thus re screws 78 have beveled gears 81 secured to the volves in the opposite direction to shaft 90. all of the screws sleeve 99 is also slidable over a cylindrical 62 will be raised or lowered. Said gears 91 and 92 are engaged by shaft extending downwardly and carrying a flanged pulley 113. The screws 78 at their into engagement with block 104. Nuts are rovided through which 92 has. has grooves in its periphery adapted to re 85 Rails 61 are connected at theirforward ends ceive the _keys 99?) when sleeve 99 1s moved to by a cross rail 71 which has nuts therein the right as shown in Fig.clutch the screws 62 pass. the former of which is secured to shafts 90 and the latter of which is journaled on said shaft and in the side of a box 93. it moves secured to the opposite ends of shaft 83 which sleeve 99 to the righi. secured to the rear end of the rods 64. it being under spaced correspondingly to the arms 33 stood vthat the keys 995 terminate short of through which extend the screws 72 having the end of the block 104 so that said block is hand wheels 73 at their outer ends and ro not connected to sleeve 99 in the position vided with work carrying centers 74 at t eir shown in Fig. 10 and 11 a modified form of the The rail 76 has shafts 86 j ournaled therein. The The shaft 101 is held from longitudinal rods 64 at their forward ends are-adapted to -movement. The gear bers 20. t e same being carried in 70 to mesh with the worm gears 63 secured to fork groove 99a engaged by pins in a clutch operating rods 64 journaled in the auxiliary 10 20 fork 100 slidable on a splined shaft 101 which . Gear 92 is connected lto 78 journaled in suitable brackets 79 and 80 member 105 through the sleeve 99 so that at the front and rear ends of rails 61. The screws 62 disposed at the corners of the ma shaft 96 rojects forwardly of the rail 71 and chine and guided in lugs 20d on end mem is provi ed with a hand crank 98. The plate 114 has 60 94a thereon with which meshes a pinion 95 a depending lug 114a to which is secured a keyed to slide on a splined shaft 96 extending rod 117 extending through a depending lug 125 forwardly and. With the parts in the position shown in and said rail is moved forwardly and rear Fig. The block 104 ously raising and lowering the guide rails 61. thus simultane block 104 keyed to shaft 90. 4 gear 94 is driven through gears 94a 95 wardly by being equipped with nuts 77 at and 96 and gear 94 drives gears 91 and 92 in 40 each end through which extend the screws opposite directions. The sleeve 99 has a.

*thence the ‘ over the pulleys 124 and rearwardly around operated by its handle 103 to vmove the clutch 80 15 the pulley 116.> side of the machine will be moved in a di~ Bar 119 has hub portions 119e in which are rection opposite to those at the other side suitably journaled the spindles 121 having of the machine. The member 30 is very will be driven and the various tools except easily moved. so that shafts 86 at vone side of the machine will be moved in a direction op= v rails 76 and 71. seldom less than twelve. the central arm and a master tool can lbe but the said arms 33 also carry the electric 55 moved over the pattern. yoke portions having screws 120 at their tops the brackets 57 are used. This will rotate shafts 89 and 90 in opposite pulley. ' ‘ ’A work table 106 may be supported on directions. whichever are material. The motors act as chinesA of thistype generally employ a large counterweights for the arms 33 and the shaft number of spindles. cept said arms which are made of lighter The centers. It further follows that. and all the others of which carry can thus be given-a universal movement and carving tools. Commercial ma 100 ried by the rollers 23. the shaft 101 will be a belt 125 passes around pulley 113. in multiple moved in the same direction simultaneously. All of 45 105 ing crank handle 98.be moved forwardly and rearwardly and often as many as twenty-four. so that half of the tools will ' i the chucks 122 at their lower ends adapted to cut left hand patterns andîhalf will cut right receive and hold the cutting tools 123. The ‘with very light pressure or little force.forwardly and rearward and the master tool on the central arm 33 will the arms 33 swing very freely about the axis be driven through the belts 53. is very to be similar. It will be seen that all of the tools chine is very durable. ber 30 extends transversely of Athe'machine said shaft moving on the bearings on which for the entire length of the machine and is it is supported. This said member 30 will all move in unison since they are con supports all the arms 33. The said arms 33 are all " the desired pattern can be quickly carved. 35 20 In operation of the device shown in Figs. for that reason other to _accommodate work of various practically all of them are made of steel ex lengths by manipulation of the crank 85. or the work table. The arms 33 can be swung mounted with freedom for oscillating motion 110 laterally about the axes of screws 32 and they in the vertical plane. The said mem with shaft 30 about its longitudinal axis. From the above idescription it is seen that 1 to 9. The machine has been chine. one of which carries nected by members 39 and 41. which table extends therebe ~ posite to those at the other side 'of the ma tween. The structure is such that parts 95 30 tern and the other tools are similarly moved~ of the machine are nicely balanced and and cut out a similar pattern from the blank capable of being constructed so that the ma material. 4. The motors '43 accurately operated. The hand patterns. and it will be seen that in the top and bottom of arm 110. whereby with the use of these parts the arms 33 at one bar 119 is pivotally connected to said arms. and.5 A bar 119 extends across the front of the ma-i It is sometimes desirable to cut some of the chine havin yoke portions through which'- patterns as a left hand pattern and some as extend theA rontV ends of the arms 110. the load on the arm sup 115 120 125 130 . becomes absolutely an essential 40 vertically simultaneously as they are con factor to the successful operation of such a nected by members 39 and 41 and swung multiple carving machine. said a right hand pattern. 1t trussing of the arm supporting member 30. The member 30. mounted on said member 30 with freedom for 50 If round work is to be made such as legs for swinging motion in a plane at right angles tables or column work. _can be brought to the proper elevation obvious that the load on the arm supporter or by manipulation of crank 70. as well as about the axes of the tor can move' the master tool over the pat screws 32. will be seen that the tools can all be'moved therefore. being kept tight by the latter sleeve 99 to the position shown in Fig. If patterns are member 30. 30 can. spindle machines. then all of the arms 33 will be heavy. In view of the foregoing facts it 1s used. When right and left hand spindles'are provided with pulleys 124 and patterns are being cut on round work using centers 74 and 86a. The rails 76 and 71 these parts must be strong in order to stand can be readily moved toward and from each up to the needed service. the straps 58 being 70 and bottoms extending into conical recesses connected thereto. When this is desired. the work will ybe sup to the >plane ofthe oscillating motion of said> ported on the Work centers 74 and 87. The opera of member 30. 35 v l can be moved forwardly and rearwardly as amply demonstrated in actual practice and 1s they are all carried on shaft 30 which is car being commercially made. the work on the motors 43 and the drives for the spindles other centers being turned as desired by turn operated by said _electric motors. a pattern will be disposed on the work table 106 beneath the tool carried in central applicant has provided a much improved arm 33 and blank pieces of material will be carving machine and one that is of simple ' disposed and held on the work table under and efficient structure and can be easily and 90 25 the tools of the other arms. The tools 12 the tracer. as shown in the drawings. The primary purpose ofthe pattern willr be supported on the centers of said member `30 is to carry the said arms 33.

a member extending trans angles to each other.6 1. and in shafts whereby all of the centers may be 30 35 40 the parts and combinations of parts dis closed and defined in the appended claims. 4. details. a frame. l0 and 11 of the . A carving machine having in combina tion. a pair of oppositely facing bevel bar 119 which is pivoted to the front end of ed gears on one of said shafts. and angles to the longitudinal axis of said mem thereby render the machine inoperative. the tool spindles are carried in a shafts extending at right angles to the axes of said centers. means for connecting said jour applicant’s invention.957 porter will be so great that it will sag. In an engraving machine. What is claimed is: 1. gears mesh ing with said gears respectively. even from the largest num tion. spindles in the forward ends of said to rotate independently of said wheels. and having Átheir disposed adjacent to and extending at right respective outer ends anchored to relatively 125 130 .r of said frame oscillatable about its rotated in one direction or some may be ro 95 tated in the opposite direction to the others. a pulley on each of said spindles. or said member a much shorter distance than proper action on the article being carved can said arms and having a pulley secured there not `be secured.. a plurality of spaced movable ber of spindles and arms and motors that are work supporting centers carried thereby. Ul 2. A carving machine having in combina of will not occur. the combina longitudinal axis 'and freely movable for tion with a support. ~ gears being secured to said shaft and the other It will.893. arrangement and proportions of the means for turning said last mentioned bev parts without departing from the scope of eled gear. as described. pairs arms. a tially the same diameter as said wheels. the combina tion. of course. and hence. in the . and ing therefrom. band wrapping and member about axes extending at right angles aligning rollers on said carriage of substan thereto. to which said conduit is se having their respective outer ends anchored cured. band wrapping and angles to the longitudinal axis of said mem aligning rollers. the tool spindles are carried directly at the ends of the arms 33. a frame. for the material to be wardly and rearwardly of said frame in a carved. a frame. meshing with both of said beveled gears. By the application of the to at its forward end. a of bands having 'heir inner ends secured to bracket disposedbetween said arms carried the peripheries of said rollers side by side by said member and pivoted about an axis parallel with each other. used in the largest commercial machines. a shaft to secured. said bracket extending to the rear of the controlling reason that the spindles all said member and having a motor bolted rise and fall in unison and swing laterally thereto forming a counter-balance for said 5 in unison with the arms 33. one of said the arm 110.20 drawings. on said carriage. the member 30 becomes rein pulleys. a beveled gear various changes may be made in the form. motors carried by said member. In an engraving machine. said arms being pivoted about axes which traverse said rails and are loosely jour disposed adjacent to and extending at right naled on said carriage. said conduit being points on the opposite sides of said rollers. of fixed guide rails spaced apart from 120 horizontal plane.. carriage with freedom for common oscillat 115 C1. forced in such a way that any 'sagging there 3.ears connected to said centers. intermediate hangers connecting said to relatively fixed parts of the machine at member and said conduit. longitudinal axis and freely movable for a tool carriage having supporting wheels wardly and rearwardly of said frame. Attention' is called to the fact that while in the structures shown in Figs. a member extending trans versel. a pair of arms carried by each other transversely of the machine. 1. said bracket extending forward from 70 spindles must all be at the same level. a plu which traverse said rails and are loosely jour rality of arms pivotally mounted on said naled on said carriage. a second shaft to which the other of said last mentioned gears are secured. of fixed guide rails spaced apart from each other transversely of the machine. be understood that being journaled on said shaft. conduit lextending longitudinally of said mounted to rotate independently of said member about the same for carrying con 80 which some of said last mentioned gears are 100 105 wheels. for ber. 110 of bowed form so as to be a greater distance and a tracer carrying arm and a plurality from said member at its center than at its of tool carrying arms all mounted on said 50 ends and forming a truss for said member. a pulley carried by truss 54 to the said arm supporting member said motor and a belt running over said four 10 30. A carving machine having in combina ing motions in two different planes at right tion. which generally naled beveled gear to the second shaft above stated. 6 and 7 of the drawings. said Y modification shown in Figs. brackets secured to ends secured to the peripheries of said rollers said member adjacent its» ends and upstand side by side parallel with each other. the arms. for the material to be carved. with a support. a ' said member and spaced longitudinally 65 tool carriage having supporting wheels thereof. oscillatable about its 5. mounted ber. consists in a device capable of carry mentioned and means for connecting said ing out the objects above set forth. pairs of bands having their inner ductors for said motors. versely of said frame.

one on the rear said transverse member and pivotally con end of each of said brackets. a member extending trans `equipped tool _spindles supported. pulley-equipped toolv spindles held. electric motors carried by said trans freely movable forwardly and rearwardly of verse member. one 115 120 125 freely movable forwardly and rearwardly of foreach pair of said tool spindles. by said arms and said cross gitudinal axis. one for each pair of said tool spin dles. carried by said transverse member and pivotally con nected thereto about axes at right angles to ally connected thereto about axes extending the axis of said member. A carving machine. thence to the other spindle pullev of to the axisof said member. electric 130 . carried by said transverse member and ' pulley. by said arms and said vertical plane. to the other spindle pul arms and said cross bar. adjustable guide pulleys also connected thereto about axes extending at carried by said transverse member. and thence back to the motor brackets. a frame. by said arms and 70 breakage thereof. and a tracer carrying arm said cross bar. A carving machine. pivotally connected to said arms and com 8. by anchorage arms and compelling the same to move in uni means at least one of which includes a spring son. a frame. by said arms and said thence about said adjustable guide pulley. on its longitudinal axis.1. a frame. links. motor supporting brackets. otally connected to all of said arms and com pelling the same to move in unison.957.material to be 50 60 guide pulleys also carried by said transverse* carved. one for each pair of tool spindles which motors have each a pulley on manually movable forwardly and backward its rotary element. pulley-equipped tool spindles sup of the pair and thence to said adjustable ported in proper working positions by said guide pulley. a rigid cross bar the pair and thence back to the motor pulley. a 'transverse> member freely of said brackets. automatically adjustable 1y on said frame. 35 7. pulley tion. one for each pair of tool spin said frame. the combina 110 cross bar. electric motors. a member extending trans versely of the frame. and bar. 45 10. adjustable 40 the axis of said member. having in combina pelling the same to move in unison. a transverse member freely' right angles to its axis. one for each movable forwardly and backwardly of said of said brackets. ‘intermediate the said frame. in proper pulleys of two adjacent tool spindles and working positions. and a plurality of tool carrying arms all one for each pair of tool spindles. pulley guide pulleys on each of said brackets. in the vertical plane. forwardly extended arms carried by of said arms. in proper versely of the frame and oscillatable in> the working positions. one between each pair of tool spin said carriage with freedom for oscillation on dles and corresponding single belts extend its longitudinal axis. each motor hav nected thereto about axes at right angles to ing a pulley on its rotary element. opposite ends of said brackets. a transverse member journaled on member. in proper work 9. forwardly extended arms carried by guide pulleys on each of said brackets and 15 said transverse member and pivotally con a corresponding series of single belts extend 80 nected thereto about axes at right angles to ing one from each of said motor pulleys to the axis of said member. carried mounted on said carriage with freedom for by said transverse member and pivotally con common oscillating motions in two different nected thereto _about axes at right anglesjto l 10 planes at right angles to each other. 6. adjustable frame. having in combina tion. In a carving machine. electric motors located one on the rear end-of each 75 tion. pulley equipped tool spindles held. 7 ñxed parts of the machine at points on the a rigid cross bar pivotally connected to said opposlte sides of said rollers. connecting the same to ~one frame. and cross bar. and a> corresponding series of single belts extending 'one from each of said motor pulleys to the equipped tool spindles supported. one for right angles to the axis of said member.893. ing each from one of said motor pulleys-to forwardly extending arms carried by said one of said spindle pulleys of the pair and transverse member and pivotally connectedthence rearwardly to said adjustable guide thereto about axes extending at right angles pulley. A carving machine having in combina pivotally connected thereto about axes at 100 tion. motor supporting 90 95 ley of the pair. a rigid cross bar the pulleys of two adjacent tool spindles and spaced from said transverse member and piv hence about said adjustable guide pulley. thence. in the vertical plane. A carving machine having in combina the axis of said transverse member. motor supporting brackets. a each pair of tool spindles and corresponding rigid cross bar pivotally connected to said single belts extending each from one of said arms and compelling the same to move in motor pulleys to one of said spindle pulleys unison. in acting to tension the bands and prevent proper working positions. above the. a rigid cross bar piv otally connected to all of said arms and com pelling the same to move in unison. oscillatable on its lon 85 ing positions. electric motors carried by said tion with a supporting frame. a frame. each of which motors has movable forwardly and backwardly of said a pulley onA its rotary element. forwardly extending arms car ried by said transverse member and pivot 65 at right angles to the axis of said member. forwardly extending arms car dles which motors have each a pulley on its ried by said transverse member and pivotally 25 ` 30 rotary element. of a carriage transverse member.

buttressing brackets ing series of single belts extending one from secured. which truss prevents the riage manually movable forwardly and back sagtginfg of said transverse member under the 15 wardly on said frame. and a re-inforcing truss applied to said transverse member comprising a rigid metallic compression member of substantially the same length as said transverse member 35 disposed above and in the same vertical plane 100 as the axis of said transverse member. by said arms and cross bar. and compelling said arms to move in unison. auto said transverse member and disposed above matically adjustable guide pulleys on the for and in the same vertical plane as the axis of ward ends of said brackets and a correspond said transverse member. a rigid cross bar pivot ally connected to all of said arms. at the rear of its longitudinal axis. but» tressing brackets secured one to each of the opposite ends of said transverse member and seating the ends of said compression member 40 and a series of hangers connecting the inter 105 mediate portions of said compression member ` with the intermediate portions of said trans versc member. of a tool carriage manually movable forwardly and backward 50 ly on said frame. in the vertical plane. tools supported. a rigid cross bar pivotally connected to all of said 25 arms. serving to drive said tools and to counter-balance said arms and the parts car 65 ried thereby. near the forward ends of the same. which truss prevents the sag ging of said transverse member under the 45 load of the parts carried thereby. a plu rality of forwardly extended arms carried by said transverse member and pivota'lly con nected thereto about axes extending at right angles to the axis of said member. 110 12. in proper working position. and an adjustable reinforcing 130 . one to each of the opposite ends of each of said motor pulleys to the pulleys of said transverse member. 60 in proper working positions. a plurality of forwardly extended arms carried by said transverse member and ivotally connected thereto about axes exten ing at right angles to the axis thereof. above the materialto loa o the parts carried thereby. near the forward ends of the same. links. be carved. and seating the ends two adjacent tool spindles and thence about of said compression member and a series of said automatically adjustable guide pulleys. serving to 30 counter-balance said arms and the parts car 95 ried thereby. which carriage includes an elon GUSTAVE A. the combina tion with a supporting frame. tools 85 90 supported.8 5 10 1. In testimony whereof I atlix my signature. the combination with a supporting frame. 1l. one for each of said brackets member of substantially the same length as connecting the same to one of said arms. In a carving machine. In a carving machine. and compelling said arms to move in unison. by said arms 125 and cross bar.'one on the rear end of each of said truss applied to said transverse member com brackets having each a pulley on its rotary prising a rigid metallic bowed compression element. PARTEN.893. counter-balancing elements vcarried by said transverse member. motors carried by said transn verse member. gated transverse member oscillatable on its 80 longitudinal axis.957 motors. of a tool car mediate portions of said compression member with the intermediate portions of said transverse member. above the material to be carved. adjustable hangers connecting the inter substantially as described. which carriage includes an elongated 115 transverse member oscillatable on its longi 55 tudinal axis. at the rear of its longitudinal axis. in the vertical plane.