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‘April 23, 1935.

F‘. L. FOSTER ET AL

1,998,499 -

PATTERN COPYING MACHINE

Filed Oct. 2, 1931

2 Sheets-Sheet 1

58

W4;

|_.499 PATTERN COPYING MACHINE Filed Oct. F.April 23. FOSTER ET AL 1. 2. 1931 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 A WVE/V 717/?5 @221 bf M 7‘ Maag . 1935.998.

in its main struc 25 ture. i ' The "width "grading mechanism connects the 55 . . The object of the present invention is to pro . Such a slide is found on some 25 factors relatively to the two axes being inde area. the pantograph mechanism of the ma Machines of the type shown comprise four chine may‘be quickly and easily rendered inop primary instrumentalities.1. N. J. and the tool . This lever is to begin the center grading at the grading center pivoted atv 42. in the work piece. .998. A change back to the nor. called “center grading”. Lynn. PATENTOFFICE > 7 1. This procedure has not been’ model wheel 30 will cause a smaller but propor successful since there are often several points at. 1 is a plan view. and out causing relative movement to take place be 10 10 a cutting tool. With the parts as shown in Fig.arrangements sequently in cutting out the part from leather of parts will be apparent from the following de scription of a preferred embodiment of the inven-‘ 20 20 or other suitable material. in which Fig. . Pattern» grading machines are used in the boot mal grade'is effected with similar case and ad and shoe industry for reproducing from a flat vantage. 1931. difficulties particularly when the model has a ' The carriages I8 and'20 are. be a general panto Figs. model or template of apart of a boot or shoe upper. 3 and 4 are details of the center grading graphic enlargement or diminution of the model relatively to the grading axes. slide freely east and. than at the grading center. on the carriage l8. interconnected by two panto tween any of the primary. cause its dimension in the work along the said 24 respectively. a‘model guide or follower. (01. track on which the tool carriage 26 slides north 35 direction to be equal to that of the cut-out portion in the model along the corresponding direction. 1935 1. as embodied in a pattern grading machine of the > Accordingly. a corporation oi New Jersey ' Application October 2. Serial No.to swing. in general. and a similar car the cut-out portion itself in such manner as to riage 20.UNITED STATES. and is illustrated herein culties of the kind aboveindicated. ' . a Hartford pattern grader of ordinary. The illustrated machine is. one or more patterns which are used sub These and other features of the invention com prising certain combinations and ~. that is. can be al riage 20 at 48. and‘ a link 44. ' It is sometimes desiredto grade a pattern from struction. .. machines of this type. Foster and Herbert A. . west on wheels '22. a model hold erative so far as grading effect is concerned with er.504 7 Claims. 'The carriage 20 is provided with a. 566. instrumentalities due graphic mechanisms operating to magnify or re to the said adjustment of the pantograph mecha duce the length and width of the model relatively‘ nism. The main frame or bed I0 is provided a model having an ornamental cut-out portion with smooth tracks or ways-upon which the car in such manner as to cause a chosen part of the riage 12 slides freely toward and from the op corresponding cut-out portion on the work to erator (or “north and south”) on wheels 14.35. Heretofore this problem has been dealthwith by sion 35 withone end pivoted at 36 to a link 38 locatingapoint of the patternatwhich it is desired‘ which is pivoted to the carriage I2. of the machine. often presents at 32. ratio irrespective of ‘the actual settings of the grading mechanism. and south on wheels one of which is shown at 28. and the change that of a north and south slide to permit the lever will cause a jog in the work if made anywhere else 34. ‘ - .499 Patented Apr. machines for reproducing a means which are capable of dealing with diffi model in a work piece. along acertain direction.499 _ PATTERN COPYING ‘MACHINE Fred L. at any time during a grading op patterns from a model. rel carriage‘ l 2. A pattern generated by such a machine will.Colby. The grading center is a point adjustable along the are 34 and pivoted thereto at 45 such that when the model follower is located upon its point of adjustment 46. the grading mechanism‘ settings.1’ on which atively to an edge of‘ the work but yet to grade the model wheel carriage I8. eration. 23. Mass. 2. The effect of the link 38 is substantially the center grading. I . Such a method of grading part of the model at‘ The modelwheel is indicated at 30. assignors to. is desirable. The machine will then grade at a 1:1 to length and width grading axes independently. 33-23)‘ This invention relates to pattern reproducing vide in a pattern grading machine improved machines. tional movement of the carriages 20 and 26 and 50 whichsuch a change. and ' of the same size as the model. Paterson. ‘ the invention provides novel 5 “two-dimensional” kind for producing shoe upper means whereby. connected by the length grading mechanism comprising an arcuate 40 40 number of cut-out portions distributed over its length grading lever 34 having a straight exten— . The 30 grade into position. I a 1:1 ratio. if it is not tion shown in‘ the drawings. 1 tered without causing'any relative movement of an east or west movement of the carriage l 8 and the tool and work.998. a work holder. the magni?cation mechanism. . either to begin or to end tool 32. is provided with tracks I6.. con pendent.. namely. is pivoted to the car it. United Shoe Machinery Corpora tion. .

and is used to control different angle to each other and then the. and a lost motion means in said grading mechanism acting to prevent cramping when said element and said primary instrumen tality are so held. and the work grading” in length. 1 to a 1:1 ratio.). 3) which passes and is connected to the carriage 26. as said primary instrumental~ All of the structure above described is well ity and movable relatively to another of the said known. thus holding the is provided with an arm 16. 51. The segment 80. link 96. nism. is provided in through the members 34 and 35. at 10. range of movement of the handle can be secured without interference with other parts. when the parts are in such a position that the United States is: the are 34 lies symmetrically-relatively to the line V 1. a work holder. and the two carriages greater. 3 and 4. The new structure cooperating with parts al ready described to effect the objects of the inven-1 tion will now be described. In a pattern ‘reproducing machine. or “center cutter 32. happened to be near the pivot 42. ' width grading axis. is. The pivot venting locking or cramping. " . Each of the grading levers is'provided with a and a reversal of the setting procedure described mechanism known as a “shift”. thus 15 30 35 40 accomplishing the 1:1 length grading. which nections between them comprising a. 20 must move at a 1:1 velocity ratio. to avoid. l8 and. as desired. nut ‘H the movement of the model wheel around the is tightened again. 5| is. lost motion device pre ' are shown in detail in Figs. 1. In a pattern reproducing machine. a model hold same object accomplished in the case of. the pin 84 can A handle I98 is provided at the end of the lever be used to set the members 3‘ and 35 at. is joined hence to the lever 34) . at any: desired pointv in the pro 82 engageable by a sliding pin 84 in the arm 16. in case the pivot‘l? west movement along the top. including a link I04. a model guide and a tool. grad The north and south line on the model holder 61-‘ ing mechanism interconnecting them for e?ect~ which registers with the model wheel 30 at such ing relative movements between the work holder time is called the length grading axis. four (The primary instrumentalities. The model table is indicated at 61. respectively.44 and 62 respectively. or cramping. the link 95 and the shift at 12 is used to throw the tool north were connected straight across between the car or south. pivoted at 98 to the carriage 20. a. duction of a work piece. 70 2. which is well known. above mentioned. The radii of the arcs 34 and 50 are equal to the Having described our invention. the top ef?ciently without any lost motion. The operator will loosen the nut 14. is secured. pull down the pin 84. without dis This pin is pressed up into a hole 82 by a spring turbance of the machine at the points of transi~ 85 and is pulled down out of the hole by a lever 88. and 10. During the center grading the parts 34 and 35 with clamps to render the levers normally rigid. ' disturbance of the machine. as shown in Fig. will swing relatively to each other about the pivot These constructions are alike on both levers. a north Then the carriage 20. arcuate parts of the levers. for ex The connection of‘ the link'96 at the point 10 of ample. This consists above will set the machine back into the length essentially of a pivot between the straight and grade for which it was set without disturbance. 4. operating with a segment 80 mounted on the Thus center grading in both length and width. This stud passes through a slot 94 in a link 96. a model hold without causing any movement of other parts er. 2. tion from one grade to the other. but proportional. has a series of holes independently. a 34 nearest the operator. north movement of the . model guide and a tool. 10 65. Their intersection is the have the same movement. It comprises the arcuate width grading lever 50 having a straight extention 5| with its end pivoted at 52 in an overhanging east and west Suppose now that a point has been reached on the model periphery at which it is desired to change the length grade from that shown in Fig. the stud by a handle I08 having an adjustable engagement with it.499 carriages 20 and 26 and effects proportional north and south movements of the tool 32 and model wheel 30._is tapped at its lower end to receive 65 a stud 90 having a ?at head 92. 70 is formed as a stud having a ?ange ‘I3 under A similar construction.‘ mechanism for effecting relative movements be 75 . so thatv the requisite primary instrumentalities in the width grading 60 direction during the action of the width grading mechanism. are 34. The head 92 is clamped against the link. when the nut T4 is loosened. which thus provides a. This causes no table at E8. member 35. thus.grading permits rotary adjustment ‘of the ?ange 13. at its top is engaged by a handled nut 14 to clamp The clamping of the link IM to the lever 50 looks the parts 34 and 35~?rmly together. what We claim lengths of the links . When the lever 34 renders it possibleito use this handle such a shoe is regularly width graded.2. known as the primary instrumentalities. > Thus. at the pivot over the top of the pin 84 and prevents its rising. tighten the stud 90 (thereby clamping the slideway 54 mounted on an arm 56 on the frame link 96 rigidly to the ?ange 13 on the pivot 10. 48. the stud extending up pivoted to the carriage 20 at I06. for example. A screw thread connection with the width grading lever 5?}. in such manner as to width grading axis. with a pointer 18 co tool carriage 26 relatively motionless thereon. and to the lever by a link 62 at an adjustable pivot 54. The stud . the'length grader setting can be changed primary instrumentalities.998. or straight across between the car and cut off the unwanted portion by the east or riage 20 and the pivot 42.position element ‘operatively connected with one 01' said 55 of the width grading lever 50. 1. and an east and tool to reproduce a model in a work piece. The purpose of this mecha model in the heavier machines oi the type shown. discontinuously. The are 34 the lever 50 to the carriage 20. It is pivoted at 60 on the carriage 20. lying the member 35. With the parts as shown in Fig. a work holder. grading the top of a high shoe. 20. line of the leg portion comes too high to look well. means comprising a clamp i'or posi tively holding said element and said last-named primary instrumentality against relative move ment in the width grading direction. perpendicular to the grading center. at the will of the operator at any time during the production or a work piece. which might result if. 12. con nut 14 by the set screw I02 in the arc 34. shove in a little slide I03 (Fig. or jog in the work. 0b as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of viously. and link 44 movement of the model wheel 30 will cause a form a rigid quadrilateral.the er. and ill. namely. to lower the top line riages i8.70. an 50 and west line corresponding to a similar. holding it ?rmly to. namely. four 50 42.

desired. namely. named link to said lever. In a pattern reproducing machine. 6. In a pattern reproducing machine. a model guide and a tool. said to the other. said 35 tool to reproduce a model in a work piece. said second-named link being connected and a lost motion device operable when the lever with said lever at said joint. a lost motion device operable to prevent cramp so held. a holding means arranged to hold said ele ing is'desired.‘ 30 grading mechanism comprising a lever operative ly located between two of said primary instru operatively located between two of said primary a work holder. tool to reproduce a model in a work piece. In a pattern reproducing machine. four pri relative movements between the work holder and mary instrumentalities. a work holder. said a work holder.499 3 tool to reproduce a. perpen one to the other. when is clamped to said lever. four pri it is desired to center grade. 2. In a pattern reproducing machine. a model guide and a tool. movement of the machine to prevent cramping. relative movements between the work holder and . when center grading is and a normally rigid pivoted joint in the lever desired. and a handle on the end of the lever to a work holder. COLBY. a model holder. a model holder. model in a work piece. namely. grading grading mechanism comprising a lever and a link mechanism interconnecting them for effecting operatively located between two of said primary relative movements between the work holder and instrumentalities to transmit movement from one tool to reproduce a model in a work piece. a work holder. grading mechanism interconnecting them for eifecting relative movements between the work holder and mary instrumentalities. manner as to have the same movement. grading operate the machine. four pri mary instrumentalities. 5.0 ment tality positively against relative movement. model guide and a tool. mechanism interconnecting them for e?ecting HERBERT A. FOSTER. when center grading 25 the other. namely. said grading mechanism comprising a lever and a link operatively located between two of said primary instrumentalities to transmit movement from a. a model holder. said grading mechanism comprising a lever and a link instrumentalities to transmit movement from one ' mentalities to transmit movement from one to to the other. means for clamping said primary instrumentality during the grading ac last-named link to said lever. In a pattern reproducing machine. a model holder. to prevent cramping. '7. and a lost motion de vice arranged to absorb the normal grading mary instrumentalities. four pri is so held. four pri ing when said last-named link is clamped to said 45 mary instrumentalities. FRED L. grading 15 mechanism interconnecting them for effecting 15 when center grading is being done. at a point remote from the point of at operable to prevent cramping when the lever is tachment of said ?rst-named link to the lever. namely. means for clamping said last mentalities to transmit movement from one to named link to saidrlever. a second link operatively located be grading mechanism comprising a lever operative tween said lever and one of said two primary in ly located between two of said primary instru strumentalities. means operative to hold said lever im between said lever and one'of said two primary movable relatively to one of said two primary in instrumentalities. a model guide and a tool. means operative to hold said lever im is desired. model in a work piece. namely. when center grad tion. as said primary instru cated between said lever and one of said two pri mentality and moves relatively to a certain other mary instrumentalities. a second link operatively located the other. 4. a model guide and a tool.' 1. 3. means for clamping said last 40 45 strumentalities in order to effect center grading‘. said con nections including a member which is operatively connected to one primary instrumentality in such strumentalitiesin order to e?ect center grading. lever. a model holder.998. grading mechanism interconnecting them for effecting relative movements between the work holder and tool to reproduce a. a second link operatively lo dicular to a grading axis. and a lost motion device operable and said certain other primary instrumen to prevent cramping when said last-named link 10 1. and a normally rigid pivoted joint in movable relatively to one of said two primary in said lever to be loosened when center grading is tween the work holder and tool to reproduce a model pantographically in a work piece.