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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT

A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT


BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Project Fact Sheet PD Summary
Name of Project:
Location:
Nature/Type of Project
Combustion Technology
Size/Scale:
Project Area:
Proponent Name:
Address:
Authorized Representative:

2x600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT


Brgy. Villa Ibaba, Atimonan, Quezon
Thermal Power Plant
Supercritical-pressure Pulverized Coal
2x600MW (net)
Approximately 130 hectares
Atimonan One Energy, Inc. (A1E)
8F Rockwell Business Center I Ortigas Ave., Pasig City
Angelito U. Lantin
President
Facsimile No.: (02) 661-4978
Telephone No.: (02) 422-1900
E-mail Address: alantin@meralcopowergen.com

This Environmental Impact Statement is prepared for the proposed 2x600 MW (net) Coal-Fired Power Plant of
Atimonan One Energy, Inc. (A1E).
The project is proposed to be located in Brgy. Villa Ibaba, Atimonan, Quezon, in a 130-hectare land area, a 9hectare adjoining foreshore area and a 5.8-hectare resettlement area. The resettlement area will have a separate
ECC application. The total land area for the proposed coal-fired power plant will thus be 139 hectares.
The proposed project site is about 114 aerial kilometers south-east of Quezon City (NCR) and about 30 aerial
kilometers east-northeast of Lucena City, the Capital of Quezon Province. It is traversed by two (2) rivers,
Carinay and Matagiktik, both of which were considered in the plant layout.
The power plant will have two (2) 600 MW (net) supercritical-pressure pulverized fuel boiler units that will use
sub-bituminous coal as the main fuel. Pollution control devices such as an electrostatic precipitator (ESP), a
seawater flue gas desulfurizer (SWFGD), and Low NOx burners will be installed. The proposed power plant will
have the following major components: the coal handling and storage system; the boilers, turbines and the
generation system; the seawater cooling system; the auxiliary materials handling and storage systems; the water
supply systems; and the ash handling and disposal area.
Given the countrys growing demand and reserve requirements for electrical power, the need for electrical supply
especially in the Luzon grid can be significantly addressed by the large capacity of the proposed 2x600 MW
power plant of A1E.

0914-002

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

EIA Process Documentation


EIA Team
The environmental impact assessment was conducted by a team of specialists and consultants who have
acknowledged expertise in their respective fields, and the technical team of A1E.
Table ES-1
EIA Team Composition
Module/Section
Project Management/ Team Leader
Project Coordination
Project Description
Geology, Geomorphology and Pedology
Terrestrial Ecology - Wildlife
Terrestrial Ecology - Vegetation
Hydrology and Hydrogeology
Oceanography/Thermal Plume Modeling

Marine Ecology
Marine Wildlife and Fisheries
Freshwater Ecology
Water Quality
Ambient air quality
Traffic Study
Meteorology/Climate/ Air Quality Modeling
Environmental Risk Assessment
Public Health
Socio-economics

Team Member
Lilli Beth S. Yazon
Dan Neil
April Victoria
Jeffrey T. Balugo
Cordia Walter B. Jimenez
Romee Rey G. Calderon
Archie Go
Dexter Raquel
Reynar R. Rollan
Anna Pauline de Guia, PhD
Tomas Reyes
Hubert Froyalde
Odyssey C. Herrera
Katrina Lynn De Guzman
Cesar Villanoy, PhD
Jemelyn Baldisimo
Marilou Martin
Camillia Jane Bollozos
Anabel Gammaru
Victor Ticzon, PhD
Badi Samaniego
Daniel Torres
Jeffrey T. Balugo
Ma. Vivian Camacho, PhD
Jeffrey T. Balugo
Cordia Walter B. Jimenez
Ronald Jose

Company
Aperu

Jethro Alden C. Hipe


Jethro Alden C. Hipe
Daphne Bate, MD
Krishna Buenaventura, PhD
Eloisa Romero

Aperu
Aperu
Aperu
Aperu
A1E

A1E
Aperu
Aperu
A1E
Aperu
Aperu
Aperu
A1E
Aperu

GHD

Aperu
Aperu
Aperu
Aperu
Aperu

EIA Study Schedule


The following major activities were undertaken to complete the environmental impact assessment:
Table ES-2
EIA Study Schedule
Activity
IEC Activities
Submission of Project Description for Scoping
Public Scoping

Date
March 23 July 09, 2014
July 22, 2014
July 10, 2014

0914-002

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Activity
Technical Scoping
Primary Data Gathering:
- Marine Ecology Sampling
- Marine Wildlife Survey and Socio-Perception Survey
- Soil Quality Sampling and Spring/Well Inventory
- Freshwater Ecology Sampling
- Water Quality Sampling
- Terrestrial Fauna/ Wildlife Sampling
- Ambient Air and Noise Quality Sampling
- Terrestrial Flora/ Vegetation Sampling
- Traffic Study
Secondary Data Gathering
Submission of Draft EIS for 1st Procedural Screening
Submission of Draft EIS for 2nd Procedural Screening
Submission of Draft EIS for 3rd Procedural Screening
Submission of First Additional Information

Date
July 31, 2014
May 31 June 1, August 2 - Sept. 8, 2014
May 31 June 1, 2014
August 5 9, 2014
August 8 9, 2014
August 16 18, 2014
August 16 18, September 3, 2014
August 16 26, 2014
August 29 - September 5, 2014
September 2 6, 2014
September 7 8, 2014
June 22 September 5, 2014
October 29, 2014
November 4, 2014
November 11, 2014
January 7, 2015

EIA Study Area


The assessment of potential environmental impacts was conducted in Brgy. Villa Ibaba, Atimonan, Quezon. The
assessment and sampling was done in the primary impact area, which is identified as the 130 hectares of land
and the 9-hectare foreshore area where the project will be constructed. The resettlement area was also included
in the conduct of the study although a separate ECC will be applied for by A1E at a later date. The respondents
of the perception survey comprised of households mostly from Brgy. Villa Ibaba with the addition of selected
households from Caridad Ilaya. Fisherfolk from Brgy. Villa Ibaba, Caridad Ilaya, Caridad Ibaba and Poblacion
were interviewed as well during the Marine Wildlife Survey.

EIA Methodology
The EIA was conducted in accordance with Presidential Decree 1586, DAO 2003-30 (Revised Procedural
Manual), EMB Memorandum Circular 2014-005 (Guidelines for Coverage Screening and Standardized
Requirements under PEISS amending relevant portions of MC 2007-002), Memorandum Circular 2014-14
(Standardization of Requirements and Enhancement of Public Participation in the Streamlined Implementation
of the PEISS), Memorandum Circular 2011-05 (Incorporating Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change
Adaptation Concerns in the PEISS) and other relevant laws pertaining to environmental protection. Primary data
were gathered through ocular inspection, on-site observations and field sampling on pre-determined sites based
on the project impact areas. Secondary data relevant to the assessment and documentation of the existing
physical and biological conditions at the proposed project site were gathered through the review of related
literature, data from government offices and extensive research. Table ES-3 lists the methods used per module
during the conduct of the EIA.
Table ES-3
EIA Methodology
Module/Section
LAND MODULE
Geology/Geomorphology,
Pedology, Land Use and
Classification

Baseline Sampling Methodology

Secondary data gathering


Site Visit Ocular Inspection
Soil Quality Sampling at 6
stations
Review of EIS for the LNG
project commissioned by
A1E

Remarks

Soil Quality Laboratory Analyses Techniques:


Glass Electrode (pH)
Kjeldahl (N)
Titrimetric (P)
Flame AAS (K)
Diphenylcarbazide (Cr+6)
Hydride Generation AAS (As)
Cold Vapor AAS (Hg)

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Module/Section

Terrestrial Ecology Flora

Terrestrial Ecology
Fauna
WATER MODULE
Hydrology/Hydrogeology

Oceanography/Thermal
Plume

Baseline Sampling Methodology

Vegetation Survey
Quadrat Sampling
Transect Walks
Inventory
Vegetation Survey
Transect Walks
Mist Netting/Trapping
Inventory

Secondary data gathering


Spring and well inventory
Flow measurements
(volumetric and float
methods)
Interviews and photodocumentation
Hydrographic Survey at 12
stations within an area of
2km2 in the project vicinity
Thermal Plume Modeling

Water Quality

Water quality sampling for:


Groundwater at 3 stations
Freshwater at 8 stations
Marine water at 7 stations

Freshwater Ecology

Surface water sampling of


freshwater biota, macrobenthos
and plankton at 9 stations
located in Carinay, Matagiktik,
and Tabuan Rivers
Secondary data gathering
from government offices
Marine Ecology Sampling of
the coral reef, plankton,
seagrass and invertebrate
fauna at 4 stations
Conduct of Marine Wildlife

Marine Water Ecology

Remarks
Flame AAS (Pb)
Flame AAS (Cd)
Walkley - Black Titration (Organic Matter)
Quadrat Sampling
Transect Inventory

Transect Walks
Setting up of Mist Nets
Ocular Inspection and Observations
Ecological Data Analyses

Secondary data gathered was used to assess and


formulate water balance analysis, flow duration, and
groundwater recharge and production analysis.

Deployment of current-temperature-depth (CTD)


profiler and Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
(ADCP). Use of anemometer and Garmin ecosounder with GPS.
CORMIX software was used for thermal plume
modeling
Water Quality Laboratory Analyses Techniques:
Glass Electrode (pH)
Mercury-filled Thermometer (Temperature)
Visual Comparison (Color)
Azide Modification-Dilution Technique (BOD5)
Gravimetric dried at 103-105 (TSS)
Gravimetric dried at 180C (TDS)
Diphenylcarbazide (Cr+6)
Iodometric (DO)
Chloroform Extraction (Phenol)
Methylene Blue (Surfactants)
Gravimetric-Petroleum Ether Extraction (Oil &
Grease)
Argentometric (Cl-)
Brucine Sulfate (NO3-N)
Stannous Chloride (PO4-P)
Hydride Generation AAS (As)
Flame AAS (Cd, Pb)
Cold Vapor AAS (Hg)
Multiple Tube Fermentation (Total Coliform)
Carters Habitat Assessment Form
In-situ measurements of basic limnological
variables such as DO, pH and temperature.
Marine Ecology Sampling activities included site dive,
quadrat sampling, phototransect and market visit.
Characterization and assessment of marine
communities included the following parameters:
community composition, abundance, biomass and
relative cover. The Marine Wildlife Survey included
Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with fisher folks.

0914-002

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Module/Section

AIR MODULE
Meteorology/Climatology
Air Dispersion Modeling
Ambient Air Quality and
Noise

PEOPLE MODULE
Socio-economics

Public Health

Baseline Sampling Methodology

Remarks

Survey

Secondary data gathering from


government departments
(PAGASA, PHILVOLCS, MGB)
AUSPLUME Modeling Software
Air Quality Sampling at 3
Stations for the following
parameters:
30-minute sampling every
four hours for (As, Cd, Pb,
Cr+6)
1-hour sampling every four
hours (CO, TSP, SO2, NO2,
PM10)
24-hour sampling for
Mercury (Hg)
24-hour noise level sampling

Secondary data gathering


Conduct and facilitate public
participation activities

Secondary data gathering


Conduct of EHIA

ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT (ERA)


ERA
Use of IAEA-TECDOC-727
(IAEA 1996)

Use of Kimoto Gas bubbler for Nox and SOx;


Staplex High Volume Sampler for TSP; MultiRae Plus Gas meter with Photo-Ionization
Detector for CO; and Ecotech High Volume
Sampler with 10 micron inlet.
Air Quality Laboratory Analyses Techniques:
Pararosaniline (SO2)
Griess Saltzman (NO2)
Gravimetric (PM10 and TSP)
Flame AAS (Cd and Pb)
Hydride Generation AAS (As)
Diphenylcarbazide (Cr+6)
Cold Vapor AAS (Hg)
Noise meter
Conduct of the following activities:
Information, Education, Communication (IEC)
campaign
Key Informant Interviews (KIIs)
Focus Group Discussions (FGDs)
Public Scoping
Social Perception Surveys (258 HH)
Conduct of the following activities:
KII and FGDs with the Brgy. Health Workers,
Rural Health Unit Medical Staff and Doctor
Public Health Survey

Public Participation Activities


In accordance with the EIA process of the DENR-RPM, the conduct of IEC campaigns, FGDs and Public Scoping
were successfully carried out from March 23 until July 10, 2014. Various stakeholders including the LGUs,
NGOs, fisher folk, farmers, women, youth, senior citizens, health personnel, religious sector representatives,
academe members, anti-crime organizations, OFWs, transport and professional/civic groups participated in the
activities. The program included presentations and handouts that provided information about the proposed
project, the proponent, the EIA process and the scope of the EIA Study. The stakeholders also provided their
inputs, insights, concerns and issues regarding the proposed project. These concerns were considered in the
EIA Study. Table ES-4 lists the various public participation activities undertaken while Table ES-5 lists the
summarized concerns of the stakeholders and the proponents response.
Table ES-4
List of Public Participation Activities
Activity
IEC Meeting with NGO
Leaders
IEC Consultative

Venue
Mendoza Pavillion,
Atimonan
Mendoza Pavillion,

Date
March 23, 2014
March 30, 2014

0914-002

Participants
LGU, NGO leaders, Civic Groups, OFW,
Farmers, Fisher folk, Women
LGU, Fisher folk, Farmers, Transport,

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Activity
Meeting
IEC Meeting with NGO
Leaders

Venue
Atimonan
Mendoza Pavillion,
Atimonan
New Municipal Office
PNP Office, Atimonan
Kingfisher Rooftop,
Atimonan
New Municipal Office

IEC Meetings with FGD

Sitio Tabuan, Brgy.


Villa Ibaba Elementary
School
Sitio Carinay Multipurpose Hall
Caridad Ilaya Brgy. Hall

Date
April 5, 2014
June 22, 2014
June 23, 2014,
9:00am
June 23, 2014
10:30am
June 23, 2014
5:30pm
June 24, 2014
9:30am

Participants
Women, Religious, Civic Groups
Academe, Fishing, Women, Civic Action,
Health, Senior Citizens, Anti-crime
Civic Groups and Religious Sector
Philippine National Police
Association of Brgy. Captains and Women
Religious, Department Heads of Municipal
Office
Women, Academe, Farmers, LGU, Fisher folk,
senior citizen, youth, civic groups, health

IEC Meeting with


Mayors of Surrounding
Municipalities

Atimonan Central
School
Atimonan Central
School

June 24, 2014


2:30pm
June 25, 2014
9:00am
June 25, 2014
11:00am
June 25, 2014
3:00pm
June 26, 2014
9:00am

New Municipal Office

July 9, 2014

Mayors of surrounding municipalities

Public Scoping

Atimonan Central
School

July 10, 2014

LGUs, Fisher folk, Farmers, Religious Sector,


Civic groups, Women, Youth, Academe,
OFWs

Old Municipal Office

Residents of Sitio Carinay, Fisher folk,


Women, Senior Citizens, Youth
LGUs, Academe, Fisher folk, PTA, Transport,
Women, NGOs
Atimonan Municipal Council
PTA, Daycare workers, Academe, Atimonan
Gay Association
Fisher folk, Civic groups, LGUs, Farmers,
Senior Citizen, Transport Groups, Women

Table ES-5
Summarized List of Concerns Raised by Stakeholders and Response of Proponent
Concerns Raised
Air, Water and Land Pollution perceived to be caused by the
Power Plant
Disturbance to marine species, fish kill and displacement or loss
of access to fishing grounds; Negative impact to the corals,
seagrass, and marine sanctuary (Stakeholders suggest to
provide alternative livelihood in case fish are driven away due to
noise and vibration brought by the Power Plants Phases)
Volume of water intake by the Power Plant and the change in
water temperature (Stakeholders suggest that there should be a
facility wherein the water is cooled before discharge)
Tree Cutting (Stakeholders suggest that the trees to be cut
should be replaced)
Employment What are the qualifications for employment? How
can we be assured that the process for employment be fair and
that no politics would be involved? (Stakeholders suggest to
prioritize Atimonanins and there should be no politics involved
when hiring employees)
Project Schedule

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Proponents Response
Issues and concerns regarding the environment
and health are noted and shall be included in
Apercus study.
This is noted and will be included in Apercus
study. Livelihood projects may be provided from
CSR projects, government taxes or fund from the
ER 1-94.
There will be a slight difference in temperature of
the water however; it is still within the standards of
the DENR when released to the sea.
The trees will be replaced and there will be permits
to be secured from government agencies before
we cut the trees. There will be tree planting
programs.
As long as the applicant is qualified and skilled and
fit to work, they could apply for work for the power
plant. We will prioritize applicants from Atimonan
as long as they are qualified for the position.
By mid-2016, the site preparation and construction
of the access roads will begin. The start of the
actual construction will begin by 2017.
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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Concerns Raised
Technology of the power plant and pollution control devices;
Ash/ Waste disposal Where would the ash and wastes of the
power plant be disposed of?
Land ownership/ resettlement; Resurvey will reveal lower income
today vs. higher income during the 2012 survey
Safety issues Fishing boats might be hit by cargo ships
transporting coal (during night time); coming in of new people
from other places (Stakeholders suggest to provide a route plan/
avoid coal delivery at night)
Stakeholders suggest practicing responsible plant operations
and proper dumping of waste, as well as following international
standards and proper monitoring of the MMT. There should be
appropriate representation of the Council and stakeholders in the
MMT. They also suggest that the proponent provide livelihood
programs, jobs, medical missions, access roads, farm to market
roads, classrooms and buildings.

Proponents Response
Some of the pollution control devices are provided
in the handouts. There would be air pollution
control devices such as the ESP and FGD. There
would be waste water treatment facilities and ash
storage site.
Resettlement process is still on going. Relocation
may take place in mid-2015. Payment will be made
after land use conversion. We will consider this
when we conduct the resurvey.
These are noted. We will also coordinate with the
PNP regarding the safety of the community.

These suggestions are noted and will be taken into


consideration.

Summary of Baseline Characterization, Key Environmental Impacts and


Management and Monitoring Plan, and EMF and EGF Commitments
Summary of Baseline Characterization
Table ES-6
Baseline Characterization Summary
Module

LAND MODULE

Baseline Characteristics
The project site is located in Brgy. Villa Ibaba, Atimonan Quezon. The land use of the
project area is classified as agricultural with some built-up areas.
Conversion of land use from agricultural to industrial in some parts of the project area is
currently being processed.
The site is not covered by a CADT according to the NCIP. The nearest area covered by
CADT is in Gen. Nakar, Quezon approximately 168 km from the project site.
The project site is mantled by Quaternary Alluvium consisting of unconsolidated sand and
gravel deposits and underlain by fractured metamorphic and other basement rock. The
proposed sites of the power plant structures are susceptible, in varying degrees, to mass
movement, flooding and seismic related hazards such as liquefaction, tsunamis and ground
shaking.
o The potential for liquefaction of the unconsolidated sediments can be mitigated by
setting the plant foundation on the underlying rocks via piles.
o The tsunami hazard can be mitigated by setting the plant foundation at an elevation
above the reported and modeled wave height.
o Ground shaking hazard can be addressed by designing the foundation in accordance
with the building code requirement and on the ground acceleration determined after a
comprehensive seismological study.
The proposed site has limited soil cover that consists predominantly of sandy to gravelly
metamorphic fragments mixed with clay.
Laboratory results on soil quality indicated the presence of heavy metals (As and Hg) in the
soil samples. This is presumed to be from natural sources, such as weathering of rocks.
The proposed project site is composed of several vegetation types, but a big section of the
area is a disturbed open forest planted with coconut.
A total of 197 plants were identified in the open forest of the proposed project area.

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Module

WATER MODULE

Baseline Characteristics
There were about 24 species identified as threatened but infrequently observed in the open
forest of the project site.
A total of 81 terrestrial wildlife species consisting of five species of frogs/toads, six species
of lizards, two species of snakes, 49 species of birds, eight species of bats, five species of
small non-volant mammals and six species of medium to large mammals were recorded.
Endemicity ranged from 12% in reptiles to 60% in amphibians and small non-volant
mammals. Most species recorded were common and generally abundant.
There were about 10 herpetofauna and avifaunal species identified as threatened, near
threatened and endemic species within the project site.
Water Balance results show that the annual groundwater recharge of the MatagiktikCarinay-Tabuan Watersheds is 853.2 mm or 26.9% of its mean annual rainfall.
Based on the Groundwater Availability Map of the Philippines, the project site falls under the
area classified as Rocks without any known significant groundwater obtainable through
deepwells. This regional classification is confirmed by the limited number of shallow wells
drilled through the unconsolidated sediment. Due to the impervious character of the
metamorphic rock, the estimated recharge from the water balance study may be reduced
when the said amount is released and becomes part of runoff.
There are no major water users within the study area.
Based on historical records and interviews, the flood frequency in the area is estimated to
be around 10 to 15 years.
Thermal plume results indicate that the multiport diffusers modeled, especially at discharge
depths of 10.9 and 12 m, have small resultant mixing zones. For submerged single pipe
discharges, there were no resultant mixing zones at the surface for the stronger ambient
current flows, due to sufficient temperature attenuation laterally and vertically along the
water column, such that any of the modeled discharge depths (i.e., 14.1 m, 15 m, 16 m, and
18 m) are compliant with the DENR standard of no more than 3C rise in temperature at the
surface. Other observations of the plume characteristics include:
Vertical instability in the near field, potentially resulting in bottom scouring and adverse
impacts on benthic organisms occur at limited extents.
Bank contact occurs for some scenarios in both multi-port and single-pipe discharges.
However, all temperature differences to ambient at points of contact are less than the
DENR water quality standard of 3C.
Mixing zone extents at the 0.3 m/s and 0.6 m/s current velocities for the submerged
single pipe scenarios are indicated to be zero or none, which means that the plume
temperature has dissipated sufficiently even before reaching the surface. In these
cases, plume temperature upon reaching the water surface is already less than 3C.
Whilst at nearly stagnant current velocities (0.1 m/s), there is less lateral transport and
the resulting mixing zone seems to be exceedingly large, this scenario is unlikely
because it occurs for such a short period of time that they are deemed ephemeral.
Overlay of the plume on the marine resources map indicates that no marine resources
will be affected by the mixing zone.
Results of marine water quality analyses show that all physico-chemical parameters tested
at 7 sampling stations were all within the prescribed limit of DENR Class SC standards. The
heavy metals tested were below detection limits. Coliform levels were low and insignificant
in all stations.
Groundwater Quality results indicate that all parameters tested were compliant to the
PNSDW standards. The heavy metals tested were below their respective detection limits.
Freshwater Quality sampling analyses reveal that all parameters tested were within the
DENR Class C standards, except for Station FW6 that had high levels of Chloride and total
coliform.
Carinay and Matagiktik Rivers were dominated by the filamentous algae Melosira, while
Tabuan River by the green filamentous algae Mougeotia.
There were no recorded harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the coasts of Atimonan.
Nine (9) native freshwater fish species that were recorded comprised primarily of
carnivorous eleotrid and gobiid species, suggesting good ecosystem health. However, solid
wastes dumped by local residents were observed at the downstream portion of the rivers.
The reef areas surveyed in the site were mostly shallow fringing reefs. The fringing reefs in

0914-002

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Module

AIR MODULE

PEOPLE MODULE

Baseline Characteristics
the study site were generally patchy and exist in a poor state with algae colonizing a large
section of the reef while live coral cover estimates remained consistent across stations and
fell within the range of the poor category.
No extensive seagrass beds were observed in the study site. However, a seagrass patch
not greater than 5m x 5m was located within the project foreshore area.
Twenty-two (22) marine wildlife species/species groups were observed to occur in Atimonan
waters and nearby areas.
Loggerhead turtles were named in pawikan conservation reports of Atimonans Municipal
Agricultural Office.
Marine wildlife survey results show that interviewees perceived several whale species such
as toothed whales (Odontoceti) and baleen whales (Mysticeti). Another large cetacean
species like the humpback whale (Megaptera novaenglidae) reportedly occurs within 350
kilometers.
Results from marine wildlife survey indicate anecdotal sightings of dugongs, whale sharks
and marine turtles in Atimonan waters.
The site falls under the Type IV climate, characterized by more or less even distribution of
rainfall throughout the year.
The possible annual rainfall at the site may range from 3,056mm to 3,258mm with the
maximum and minimum monthly rainfalls occurring in December (637mm) and April
(91.9mm) respectively. The number of rainy days in a year may range from 198 to 202,
compromising 55% of the time in a year with rainfall increasing from August and peaking in
November.
The temperature observed at the site may range from a minimum of 29.1C in February to a
maximum of 32.8C in May, resulting in a normal seasonal temperature difference of about
3.7 degrees.
The mean relative humidity at the project site may range from 81% to 87% with September
to December as the most humid months. The lowest relative humidity may be observed in
April.
The monthly cloud cover at the project site may range from four to seven okta indicating that
the project area is generally cloudy all year round.
The wind directions at the site may lie at the NE and SW sectors with dominant wind speeds
that range from 2.1 to 3.6 meters per second.
The project site is located in an area where the frequency of cyclones is three every two
years, translating to a medium risk exposure. The site may be highly exposed to tropical
cyclones in October and November.
The major sources of air residuals within a 10-kilometer radius of the site are a) gaseous
and particulate emissions from the vehicles passing through the national highway and
roads, b) emissions from households, e.g., cooking, c) commercial establishments, d)
institutions and e) burning of agricultural wastes. Major pollutants emitted are combustion
gases (SO2, NO2, CO, CO2), and particulates (TSP and PM10).
Two (2) major thermal power plants can be found within Quezon province. These are the
Pagbilao Power Plant and Quezon Power Plant in Mauban with approximate distances of 23
kilometers and 30 kilometers, respectively, from the proposed power plant.
The sampling results at three (3) air quality stations showed that levels of criteria pollutants
and trace metals across stations and averaging times were less than their corresponding
CAA standards. Diurnal values showed that the station at the Atimonan town proper has the
highest detections of PM10 and cadmium, although still less than the CAA standards, with
peak to CAA ratios of 0.21 and 0.04, respectively.
The main source of the PM10 and cadmium detections were the motor vehicles concentrated
at the Atimonan Poblacion.
The sound level measurement results showed exceedances at all stations. The
exceedances appeared to occur during the evening and nighttime periods at Stations AQ1
and AQ2. The different sources that caused the exceedance were domestic activities,
vehicles, and an operating generator. Peak median values also showed that the nonexceedances were already approaching the DENR limits.
Brgy. Villa Ibaba is one (1) of the forty-two (42) barangays in Atimonan, Quezon. It has a
land area of 1,286 hectares and a population of 1,056 in 2010.

0914-002

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Module

Baseline Characteristics
There are 278 families in 258 households based on the Perception Survey conducted in
2014.
Majority of the respondents were aware of the proposed project, which they learned about
from the LGUs, the radio and their neighbors. These respondents perceived the project as a
means of helping the community and local residents in terms of revenue, employment and
community development.
Results of the Perception Survey showed that most of the respondents had farming as their
primary source of income.
Results of the Perception Survey also showed that 93% of the respondents approve of the
project.
The National Nutrition Council, through its Operation Timbang 2013 in Atimonan,
determined that 94.03% of pre-school children were of normal weight, 5.14% were
underweight, and only 0.83% were considered overweight.
The educational facility in the barangay is very poor with only one (1) school in Brgy. Villa
Ibaba.
The leading cause of mortality in Atimonan in 2011 was cardio-vascular disease with 81
deaths. Septicemia was registered as one of the leading causes of death for the last 5
years. The other leading causes of deaths in 2013 included heart diseases, cerebrovascular
accidents and hypertension among others.
From 2007-2011, the leading causes of morbidity were cough and colds followed by
pneumonia.
As part of incorporating DRRM/CCA in impact assessment, the perception survey included
questions on experiences with disaster. Results show that out of 258 respondents, 120
experienced disasters (mostly resulting from typhoons, floods, and earthquakes) in the past
5 years. The respondents stated that the effect of the disaster on their lives was severe.
Mitigating measures they suggested included moving to higher ground, moving to a sturdier
house, and listening to news about impending inclement weather, among others.
There are no Indigenous People within the project site.

0914-002

10

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Summary of Key Environmental Impacts and Management and Monitoring Plan


Table ES-7
Impacts Mitigation Summary
Potential Impact

Nature and Magnitude of Impact

Options for Prevention or Mitigation or Enhancement

I. PRE-CONSTRUCTION PHASE

The pre-construction phase includes activities such as planning, conducting of the feasibility study, site investigation, detailed engineering design, ocular surveys, and
permit procurement.
Potential ambient air pollution during
construction and operation
II. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
A. The Land
Land use change
Change in surface/sub-surface geomorphology
due to construction of the plant
Erosion Potential

Negative and Significant

Finalize ambient air monitors and parameters for monitoring

Negative, Significant and Irreversible


Negative, Significant, Reversible on the surface

Application for land use reclassification from agricultural to industrial category.


Design the power plant in such a way that it will minimize change in surface landform.

Negative, Significant and Irreversible

Create erosion control plan.


Divide construction activities in stages to limit exposed areas at any one time.
Limit removal of vegetation.
Pave the roads used for construction traffic, if feasible.
Run-off control should be designed appropriately in order to minimize erosion.
Use appropriate structures at culverts, such as rip rap, cement, concrete or gabions.
Install erosion controls such as jute nets, check dams and silt fences.
Institute measures for coastal erosion.
Conduct IEC activities about habitat importance.
Use endemic trees for buffer areas (establish using assisted natural regeneration) to
enhance bird biodiversity.
Retain large trees within the site as much as practicable, or bole and replant those
occupying areas required for power plant facilities.
Re-vegetation of non-structure areas within the project site as soon as practicable.
Develop a carbon sink program and establish a nursery of native and indigenous
species.
Implement proper solid waste handling and disposal systems.
Establish a Material Recovery Facility.
Establish regular waste collection.

Displacement of habitat for birds

Negative, Significant and Irreversible

Removal of some trees during site


clearing/development

Negative, Significant and Reversible

Generation of solid wastes, including


hazardous wastes

Negative, Significant and Reversible

0914-002

11

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Potential Impact

Nature and Magnitude of Impact

Options for Prevention or Mitigation or Enhancement

B. The Water
Change in drainage morphology

Negative, Highly significant and Irreversible

Reroute drainage to avoid impediment of the outflow.


Realign the drainage system based on DPWH requirements.

Inducement of flooding

Negative, Significant and Reversible

Degradation of groundwater quality

Negative, Highly significant, Reversible

Increased sediment deposition and turbidity


from soil stripping, compaction and site
clearing at the project site and from offshore
construction activities

Negative, Significant and Reversible

Construct a detention pond for storm water, sediments and debris.


Consider potential flooding in the design of the drainage system.
Regulate installation of new wells.
Install double lining system (HDPE and compacted silt sand lining) when constructing
the ash storage site.
Cement the vehicle repair area to prevent leaching of oil.
Implement slope stabilization strategies before earth moving activities are conducted.
Use stripped soil as fill materials. These can also be used for landscaping purposes.
Placement of erosion and de-silting measures near the beach.
Replanting of open and unused areas within the development site as soon as
practicable.
Development of a carbon sink program and provision of a forest nursery of native and
indigenous tree species
Establishment of a buffer zone.
Locate the pier in the most suitable area where there will be minimal scouring.
Proper stockpiling of graded materials with appropriate drainage to minimize erosion.
Placement of regulations on proper waste disposal that will include all parties involved
in both in-shore and off-shore construction.
Provide proper waste disposal facilities for petroleum products, and solid wastes.
Provide sufficient toilet facilities for workers.

Increased sewage and solid wastes, including Negative, Highly significant and Reversible
petroleum based products
C. The Air
Air pollution from fugitive dust from ground
clearing operations and structure erection.

Negative, Significant, Reversible

Regular or frequent spraying of water in areas where land development activity is


concentrated to prevent dust from becoming airborne (especially during summer);
Replacement of vegetation in non-structure areas to minimize wind erosion of topsoil;
Compacting of exposed soil surfaces;
Require contractors to provide tarpaulin cover on trucks loaded with construction
materials;
Hauling of spoils/excavated earth materials immediately after excavation; and
Impose speed restrictions for trucks (15-20 kph)
Regular maintenance of heavy equipment and motor vehicles to minimize exhaust gas
emissions

Air pollution from SOx and NOx emissions from Negative, Significant, Reversible
heavy equipment used during site preparation.
0914-002

12

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Potential Impact
Increase in sound levels from construction
activities
D. The People
In-migration to the area

Nature and Magnitude of Impact


Negative, Significant, Reversible

Options for Prevention or Mitigation or Enhancement


Maintenance of motor vehicle mufflers;
Provision of barriers and shielding for stationary vibrating equipment; and
Provision of ear protection to workers
Conduct noisy activities during day time.

Negative, Significant and Reversible

Provide employment and livelihood opportunities to qualified residents.


Assist the LGUs to strictly regulate influx of informal settlers and to implement the
existing land use plan.
Prioritize qualified residents, especially from Barangay Villa Ibaba, in the hiring phase
Provide training and orientation for women and other sectors.
Enhance IEC and SDP framework plan tailored to the needs of the communities
Enhance and update the environmental management plan and arrange all the
necessary environmental permit applications and renewals.

Generation of employment, livelihood


Positive, Highly significant
opportunities and economic activities
Increase of environmental and social activities Positive, Significant
in the affected communities
III. OPERATION PHASE
A. The Land
Change in soil quality/fertility due to spillages
from chemicals and oils from equipment and
vehicle maintenance areas
Tenurial issue on CARP areas

Negative, Highly significant, Irreversible


Negative, Significant

Generation of solid wastes, including


hazardous wastes
B. The Water
Salt water intrusion

Negative, Significant, Reversible

Release of chlorinated water

Negative, Significant, Reversible

Thermal pollution

Negative, Significant, Reversible

Leaching of bottom and fly ash from coal ash


pond

Negative, Highly significant, Reversible

Coal spillage

Negative, Significant, Reversible

Negative, Highly significant, Reversible

0914-002

Install impermeable lining to prevent leaching


Re-vegetate filled ash storage site as soon as practicable
Handle chemicals properly
A1E should not commence construction and other related activities in lots covered by
CARP/CLOAs until they have been converted to industrial land pursuant to CARP laws.
Implement proper solid waste handling and disposal.
Establish a material recovery facility and hazardous waste handling facility.
Monitoring, extraction rate based on results of pumping tests and water quality
monitoring; use of desalination
Release of cooling effluents offshore, where there is strong water mixing.
Set to an effective minimum volume the addition of pre-treatment chemicals.
Release of cooling effluents offshore, where the water is deep and there is strong water
mixing.
Locate the effluent outfall offshore, away from coral reef areas.
Provide impervious linings for on-site landfill where ash is disposed.
Construct and maintain a drainage system with silt traps along its drainage ways.
Construct a peripheral drain canal in the coal stock yard going to sedimentation drain.
Put in place state of the art coal catchments and conveyor belts with skirts to collect
13

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Potential Impact

Nature and Magnitude of Impact

Impingement of marine organisms in the intake Negative, Highly significant, Reversible


structure
Disturbance of Dugong feeding and turtle
Negative, Significant, Reversible
nesting

Injury and death of endangered marine species Negative, Significant, Reversible


due to watercraft strikes

Pier, jetty, pipe and other infrastructure


obstruction of dugong movement corridors

Negative, Highly Significant, Reversible

Spread of cysts of harmful algae

Negative, Significant, Reversible

C. The Air
Air pollution from emissions in terms of criteria Negative, Highly Significant, Reversible
pollutants and trace metals
Noise generation

Negative, Significant, Reversible


0914-002

Options for Prevention or Mitigation or Enhancement


coal spillages during unloading.
Avoid coal unloading operations during inclement weather.
Hire highly trained and experienced coal unloading operators.
Implement dust suppression system like water sprayers.
Construct exclusion devices to prevent the entry of fauna in the intake structures.
Conduct personnel training on rescue protocol of important marine organisms.
Establish a buffer zone around marine wildlife and marine turtle feeding and nesting
grounds
Enhance nesting areas by beach nourishment and by turning lights away from nesting
sites
Develop a rescue plan for important marine species.
Include endangered species awareness in workers safety induction
Establish safety cards and signage in endangered species nesting and feeding
grounds
Include endangered species awareness in HSE policy
Include in the perimeter security procedures a marine endangered species observer
program using onshore observation posts
Inform vessels moving to and from the ports, jetties, anchorage and navigation lanes
about endangered species in the area
Implement vessel soft start procedures (where a marine endangered species
observer visually examines the immediate vicinity of the propeller) at least 30 minutes
before lifting anchor or leaving port (to prevent endangered species being sucked into
the propeller)
Identify marine wildlife transit corridors before start of construction using a marine
endangered species observer program
Establish buffer zones around offshore infrastructure to allow passage
If possible, do not allow the release of ballast waters in the coast of Atimonan and its
neighboring municipalities
Monitor the origin of the transport vessel and ensure that these vessels did not
originate from areas with reported harmful algal blooms.
Proper operation of the ESP, SWFGD, NOx controls, and CO reduction system.
Installation, proper operation, and maintenance of a CEMS.
Installation of off-site ambient air quality monitors.
Incorporation of noise criteria in the specifications and selection of equipment
14

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Potential Impact

Nature and Magnitude of Impact

Contribution to climate change due to


greenhouse gas emissions
D. The People
In-migration to the area

Negative, Highly Significant, Reversible

Displacement of households

Negative, Highly Significant

Generation of employment, livelihood


opportunities and economic activities

Positive, Highly significant,

Increased revenue of LGUs

Positive, Significant

Displacement of artisan from their traditional


fishing grounds
Possible disturbance or traffic during delivery
of materials
IV. ABANDONMENT PHASE
Soil contamination

Negative, Significant, Reversible

Negative, Significant

Options for Prevention or Mitigation or Enhancement


Regular maintenance of mufflers of standby generators and other pertinent equipment;
Provision of ear plugs to workers
Use of effective noise-attenuating materials around noise-generating equipment
Planting of the appropriate vegetation as buffer zone
Formulation and implementation of a greening program

Provide employment and livelihood opportunities to qualified residents.


Assist the LGUs to strictly implement the existing land use plan and monitor the arrival
of informal dwellers.
Implement the Resettlement Action Plan.
Provide employment and livelihood opportunities to qualified residents where possible.
Give priority to qualified residents especially from Barangay Villa Ibaba and Municipality
of Atimonan.
Conduct skills training and orientation for women and other sectors.
Payment of the local taxes, permits and licenses
Assist the LGUs in tapping the funds provided by Section 289 of the Local Government
Code and ER 1-94 of the Department of Energy and various power related funds.
Conduct dialogues to determine the exclusive zone of the power plant which would be
acceptable to all concerned sectors
Coordinate with the LGU to address the increase in traffic volume.
Schedule the delivery of supplies in days with least traffic.

Negative, Significant, Reversible

Conduct soil testing program and then implement remediation and decontamination, as
needed.
Community Planning to prepare residents dependent on the power plant for the
eventual closure of the plant
Remove structures and monitor recovery of the coastline from any previous accretion
and scouring.

Local benefits
Abandonment of jetty and other offshore
structures

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15

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Table ES-8
Environmental Monitoring Plan Summary
Potential Impacts
Soil contamination
Effects on wildlife
Water quality monitoring in
Lamon Bay

Water quality monitoring in


Carinay, Matagiktik, and
Tabuan Rivers

Groundwater quality
monitoring in the vicinity of
the project site

Parameters
pH
Oil and grease
Metals (Cr+6, Cd and Pb)
Species richness
Relative abundance
Diversity indices
pH
Temperature
TSS
TDS
Turbidity
DO
BOD5
Phosphates
Nitrates
Oil and grease
Total coliform
Fecal coliform
Heavy metals (As, Cr+6, Cd, Hg
and Pb)
pH
Temperature
TSS
TDS
DO
BOD5
Phosphates
Nitrates
Oil and grease
Total coliform
pH
Color
Salinity

Frequency
Quarterly during
construction

Location
Within power plant facility `

Responsible Entity
A1E PCO

Semi-annual during
construction and operation

Forested area in the hill


within the project area

Third Party Environmental


Consultant

Quarterly during
construction and monthly
during operation for first
year & quarterly thereafter

Same stations during the


baseline activity during
construction, to include
intake and outfall stations
during operation

A1E PCO

In-house
monitoring budget

Quarterly during
construction and monthly
during operation for first
year & quarterly thereafter

Same stations during the


baseline activity during
construction and operation

A1E PCO

In-house
monitoring budget

Quarterly during
construction and operation

Same stations during the


baseline activity

A1E PCO

In-house
monitoring budget

0914-002

Budget
In-house
monitoring budget

16

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Potential Impacts

Groundwater quality
monitoring of boreholes
within the site

Water quality monitoring of


Sewage Treatment Plant

Ambient Air Quality


Monitoring

Parameters
TDS
Chloride
Oil and grease
SO4
Total coliform
Fecal coliform
Heavy metals (As, Cr+6, Cd, Hg
and Pb)
pH
Color
Salinity
TDS
Chloride
Oil and grease
SO4
Total coliform
Fecal coliform
Heavy metals (As, Cr+6, Cd, Hg
and Pb)
pH
Color
Temperature
COD
BOD5
TSS
TDS
Phenols
Settled Solids
MBAs
Oil and grease
Total coliform
Heavy metals (As, Cr+6, Cd, Hg
and Pb)
Ambient air quality and noise levels
TSP
PM10

Frequency

Location

Responsible Entity

Budget

Quarterly during
construction and operation

Same stations during the


baseline activity

A1E PCO

In-house
monitoring budget

Monthly (during operation


phase only)

Location of WWTP and


Leachate Pond

A1E PCO

In-house
monitoring budget

Quarterly during
construction and monthly
during operation for first

Same stations during the


baseline activity during
construction

Third Party Environmental


Consultant

Included in the
contract of A1E and
Consultant

0914-002

17

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Potential Impacts

Marine ecology monitoring

Parameters
SO2
NO2
Sound levels
Heavy metals (As, Cr+6, Cd, Hg
and Pb)
Composition
Abundance
Density
% Cover
Species richness
Dominance Biomass

Frequency
year and quarterly
thereafter

Quarterly during
construction and semiannually during operation

0914-002

Location

Same stations during the


baseline activity, to include
intake and outfall stations
during operation

Responsible Entity

Third Party Environmental


Consultant

Budget

Included in the
contract of A1E
and Consultant

18

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT


A1E 2X600MW (net) COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT PROJECT
BRGY. VILLA IBABA, ATIMONAN, QUEZON

Social Development Plan/Framework


The Social Development Plan (SDP) provides plans and programs for the identified issues and concerns raised
during the Focus Group Discussions, Public Scoping and Impact Assessment under the People module.

Information, Education and Communication Framework


A1E will establish IEC programs to properly disseminate information regarding the different undertakings of the
project phases. This allows the proponent to effectively communicate with the identified stakeholders on how
environmental impacts will be managed.

Multi-sectoral Monitoring Framework


In accordance with the DAO 2003-27, a Multi-partite Monitoring Team (MMT) will be created and will be
responsible for the implementation and supervision of the conduct of the monitoring activities of the project. An
outline of the Memorandum of Agreement will be prepared to indicate the composition and respective
responsibilities of the MMT. It will be ensured that there will be proper representation of the identified
stakeholders from various sectors.

Environmental Guarantee and Monitoring Fund Commitment


The Environmental Guarantee and Monitoring Funds will be setup by the proponent in accordance with the DAO
2003-30 (RPM Annex 3-6).
The indicative amounts for the Trust Fund and Cash Fund that comprise the EGF are Php1, 400,000 and
Php600, 000 respectively to be finalized at a later date. A Memorandum of Agreement will be prepared by the
proponent as soon as the specific amount is determined. The value of EIA-committed projects, the degree of
environmental risk involved, value of resources that will be potentially affected and the proponents financial
capability will be considered for the EGF.
On the other hand, the indicative amount for the Environmental Monitoring Fund (EMF) will be Php1,000,000 to
be finalized at a later date. A Memorandum of Agreement will be prepared by the proponent as soon as the
specific amount is determined.

0914-002

19