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VIRGINIA STANDARDS OF LEARNING

Spring 2010 Released Test

END OF COURSE
ALGEBRA I
Form M0110, CORE 1

Property of the Virginia Department of Education


Copyright 2010 by the Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Education, P.O. Box 2120, Richmond, Virginia
23218-2120. All rights reserved. Except as permitted by law, this material may not be reproduced or used in any form or
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system, without written permission from the copyright owner. Commonwealth of Virginia public school educators may
reproduce any portion of these released tests for non-commercial educational purposes without requesting permission.
All others should direct their written requests to the Virginia Department of Education, Division of Student Assessment
and School Improvement, at the above address or by e-mail to Student_Assessment@doe.virginia.gov.

Algebra I Formula Sheet


Geometric Formulas
b
l
h

h
b

A=

1
2

bh

A = bh

r
1
3

V = lwh
S.A.= 2(lw + lh + wh)
r

b1
s

h
h

p = 4s
A = s2

V = 13 Bh
S.A.= 12 lp + B

b2

A=

1
2

h(b1 + b2 )

c2 =

p = 2(l + w)
A = lw

c
b
a2 + b2

Pi

Abbreviations
milligram
gram
kilogram
milliliter
liter
kiloliter
millimeter
centimeter
meter
kilometer
square centimeter
cubic centimeter

mg
g
kg
mL
L
kL
mm
cm
m
km
cm2
cm3

ounce
pound
quart
gallon
inch
foot
yard
mile
square inch
square foot
cubic inch
cubic foot

oz
lb
qt
gal.
in.
ft
yd
mi.
sq in.
sq ft
cu in.
cu ft

volume
total surface area
area of base

V
S.A.
B

year
month
hour
minute
second

yr
mon
hr
min
sec

Copyright 2006 by the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Education

22
7

Quadratic Formula
x=

b2 4ac
2a

Algebra I

Directions
Read each question and choose the best answer. For this test you may assume that the value
of the denominator is not zero.

SAMPLE
If f (x) = x2 + 2 x + 3, what is the value of f (x) when x = 6?
A
B
C
D

27
42
51
60

What value of x will make the equation 3(x + 15) 6 x = 6(x 3) true?
A
B
C
D

9
6

2
3

Which describes the graph of g(x) = 3 x + 5 ?


F
G
H
J

A
A
A
A

line
line
line
line

with
with
with
with

a slope of 3 and a y-intercept of 5.


a slope of 3 and a y-intercept of 5.
a slope of 3 and a y-intercept of 5.
a slope of 3 and a y-intercept of 5.

What is most likely the slope of the line graphed on the coordinate plane?

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2

-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

A
B
C
D

0
3
Undefined

Which ordered pair represents the solution to the system of equations?


2 x 7 y = 0

x 6 y = 5

(7, 2)

(2, 7)

(1, 1)

(11, 1)

What is the solution to the following inequality?


3(x 3) 3
A
B
C
D

x 2
x 2
x4
x4

Which equation best models line n ?

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2

-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

F
G
H
J

x=8
y=8
x = 8y
y = x+8

Which quadratic equation has solutions of 5 and 7 ?


A
B
C
D

x2 5x = 0
x 2 2 x 35 = 0
x 2 3 x 28 = 0
x 2 12 x + 35 = 0

Which graph best represents the equation y =


y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

-1

-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

-1

-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

-1
-2
-3

-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1

-1
-2

-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

3
x 2 ?
4

This is the graph of a system of linear equations.


y
5
4
3
2
1
-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

Based upon the graph, which is the apparent solution to the system
of equations?

10

(2, 5)

(3, 4 )

( 4, 3)

(5, 2)

Which is an example of the distributive property?


F
G
H
J

10 + 5 x = 5 x + 10
5(x + 2) = 5 x + 10
5 x + 10 = 5 x + 10
(5 + 10)x = x (5 + 10)

11

Which graph best represents the equation of the line y =

5
4
3
2
1
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

1 2 3 4 5

1 2 3 4 5

1 2 3 4 5

1 2 3 4 5

5
4
3
2
1
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

5
4
3
2
1
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

5
4
3
2
1
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

10

1
x +2 ?
3

12

A school play cost $1,200 to produce. If tickets sold for $5 each, the profit, p,
made on the play by selling x tickets is given by the equation shown.

p = 5 x 1,200
What is the slope of the line representing this equation?
F
G
H
J

13

1, 200

240
1
5

Which of the following is a solution to 2 x2 + 2 x 12 = 0 ?


A
B
C
D

14

12
3

Which is an equation for the line that contains (1, 2) and has a slope of 4 ?
F
G
H
J

y = 2x 4
y = 2 x + 4
y = 4x 2
y = 4x + 2

11

15

Which inequality is equivalent to 4 x 2 y 8 ?


A
B
C
D

16

What is the slope of the line that passes through (2 , 5) and (3, 9) ?
F
G

17

y 2x 4
y 2x 4
y 2 x 4
y 2 x 4

5
4

4
5

4
5

5
4

In addition to an $80 bonus, Joan earned $8 per hour working last week.
Joans total earnings last week were $240. How many total hours did she
work last week?
A
B
C
D

10
20
30
40

12

18

Tommie paid $17.50 to buy 6 youth tickets and 1 adult ticket to a school
carnival. Susan paid $22.50 to buy 3 youth tickets and 3 adult tickets at the
carnival. What was the price of an adult ticket?
F
G
H
J

19

What is the value of


A
B
C
D

20

$2.00
$2.90
$5.50
$7.50

6x 3y

xy

when x = 6 and y = 4 ?

1
2
3

Which equals (2.3 103 )(3.6 103 ) ?


F
G
H
J

8.28 109
8.28 106
5.90 109
5.90 106

13

21

Which expression is equivalent to


(4 x2 3 x + 9) + (7 x2 11) + ( x2 + 7 x 2) ?
A
B
C
D

22

10 x 2 + 4 x 4
10 x 2 10 x 22
10 x 6 + 4 x 2 4
11x 2 + 4 x + 4

In simplest radical form,


F

13

13 2

13 3

13 5

845 is equal to

14

23

24

Which polynomial is equivalent to

4 x2 + 6

4 x2 + 6 x

4 x 2 + 12 x

4 x 4 + 6 x2

What is the complete factorization of x2 5 x 14 ?


F
G
H
J

25

8 x3 + 12 x
when x 0 ?
2x

(x 2)(x + 7)
(x + 2)(x 7)
(x 1)(x + 14 )
(x + 1)(x 14 )

Which statement could be represented by the expression n2 + 4 n ?


A
B
C
D

The
The
The
The

square of a number increased by four


square of the product of a number and four
sum of two times a number and four times a number
square of a number increased by four times the number

15

26

Which expression is equivalent to 4 x(2 x2 x 3) ?


F
G
H
J

27

6 x2 5x 7
6 x3 5x2 + 7x
8 x 2 4 x + 12
8 x 3 4 x 2 12 x

Which labeled point on the number line is closest to

WX
5

A
B
C
D

28

40 ?

YZ

W
X
Y
Z

A computer chip has two pins on one side. One pin is 4.0 10 3 inches long

and the other is 2.5 10 3 inches long. What is the difference in the lengths of
the pins?
F
G
H
J

6.5 109 in.

6.5 10 3 in.

1.5 10 3 in.

1.5 10 6 in.

16

29

Which represents the complete factorization of 3v2 + 9v ?


A
B
C
D

30

Lincoln High School earned $5,100 in ticket sales for a play. The cost per
ticket was $12. Let t represent the number of tickets sold to the play. Which
of the following equations could be used to determine how many tickets were
sold to the play?
F
G
H
J

31

v(3 v + 9)
3(v2 + 3 v )
3 v (v + 3)
3 v2 (1 + 3 v )

12 = 5,100t
12t = 5,100

t = 5,100 12
t = 5,100 i 12

The function f (x) = 35 + 15 x represents the amount of money, in dollars,


Mr. Lewis earns for working x hours. How much money does Mr. Lewis earn
for working 25 hours?
A
B
C
D

$75
$375
$410
$1,250

17

32

Which equation represents the relationship between time, t, and distance, d ?


Distance Traveled
Time Distance
(hours) (miles)
2
90
3
135
4
180
5
225
F

d = t + 45

d = 45t

t = 45d

t = 45
d

18

33

What is the domain of the relation shown in the table?


y

x
5

23

14

10

{ 5,

{ 23,

14,

8, 1, 10 }

{ 23,

14,

8,

{ ( 5, 23), ( 2, 14), (0, 8), (3, 1), (6, 10) }

2, 0, 3, 6 }

5,

2, 0, 1, 3, 6, 10 }

19

For every dollar that Stacy earns,


her dad deposits twice that amount
into a savings account for her.

Which graph illustrates this example


of direct variation?

Dads Deposits

Stacys Savings
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Stacys Earnings

Dads Deposits

Stacys Savings
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Stacys Earnings

Dads Deposits

Stacys Savings
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Stacys Earnings

Stacys Savings

Dads Deposits

34

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Stacys Earnings

20

35

36

Which of the following sets of ordered pairs is a function?


A

{(3, 4), (2, 3), (3,

{(2, 5), (

1, 9), (6, 3), ( 1, 2)

{(1, 3), (

2, 5), (4, 5), (3, 2)

{(5, 6), (

}
}

2, 3), (10, 1), ( 2, 9)

What is g(2) for g(x) =


F
G
H
J

2), (4, 1)

1 3
x +2x ?
2

5
7
8
12

21

37

What is the domain of the function shown?

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2

-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

A
B
C
D

2 x 6

5 x 3

2 y6

5 y3

22

38

Which graph best represents a direct variation?


y
5
4
3
2
1

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

y
5
4
3
2
1

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

y
5
4
3
2
1

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

y
5
4
3
2
1

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

23

39

What are the range values of the function f (x) = 3 x2 + 5 for the domain
values

2, 0, 1 ?

31, 4, 5

7, 2, 5

{5, 8, 17}

{5, 14, 41}

24

40

Which of the following tables indicates that x and y vary directly?

16

25

12

15

25

41

The table shows the cost of a 12-inch pizza for different numbers of toppings.
Pizza Pricing
Number of
toppings

Cost of
pizza

$15.50

$17.35

$19.20

$21.05

$22.90

Which equation gives C, the cost of a pizza with t toppings?


A
B
C
D

C = 1.85t
C = 17.35t
C = 15.50 + 1.85t
C = 22.90 1.85t

26

42

Which graph best represents the function g(x) = (x 2)(x + 4) ?

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3

2
1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2

-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3

2
1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3

2
1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

y
9
8
7
6
5
4
3

2
1
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 O
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9

27

43

What is the sum of these matrices?


2

11

7
2

4

10

28

15

1 5

0 + 7


3 5

6
0

3

5
2

2

5
2

2

28

6
2
1

44

The table shows high temperatures for four Virginia cities during one week
in March.
March High Temperatures
(degrees Fahrenheit)
Arlington

Norfolk

Roanoke

Virginia
Beach

Sunday

52

52

63

50

Monday

70

71

70

73

Tuesday

74

75

65

78

Wednesday

66

70

57

68

Thursday

56

53

59

55

Friday

50

70

48

71

Saturday

63

73

54

72

Day

Which city had the greatest mean high temperature during this week?
F
G
H
J

Arlington
Norfolk
Roanoke
Virginia Beach

29

45

Which equation most closely represents the line of best fit for the data in
this table?

y = 5 x +3

y = 4 x +3

y = 4 x +3

y = 5 x +3

1
2
3
4
5
6

4
6
7
9
10
10

30

46

Collin caught 15 fish in each of the two ponds on his ranch. The box-andwhisker plots summarize the lengths in inches of the fish from each pond.

10
15
Taylor Pond

20

10
15
Willow Pond

20

The lengths of the fish from Willow Pond have a


F
G

greater range than the lengths of those from Taylor Pond


median equal to 12 inches

H
J

mean equal to 20 inches


lower quartile equal to the lower quartile for Taylor Pond

31

47

What is 2
2

7 7

1 8

2 10

10 12

6 12

8 24

3 2
6 3
6 4

4

2?

4

32

48

Which is most likely the equation of the line of best fit for the set of
data points?
y

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

y= 5x+6

y= 2x+6

y= 2x+6

y= 5x+6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

2
5

5
2

33

49

Jake worked part-time at a restaurant. The amount of money Jake earned for
each of six weeks is shown.
$40 , $80 , $38 , $40 , $32 , $65
Jake then earned $25 for working a seventh week. How were the mean and
median affected?
A
B
C
D

The
The
The
The

mean decreased and the median remained the same.


median decreased and the mean remained the same.
median and the mean both remained the same.
mean and the median both decreased.

34

50

A sports league charges $60 per person to register and participate for each
sport. The table shows the actual numbers of people registered for soccer and
football by age range.
Sports League Registration
Age

Soccer

Football

78
910
1114

350
320
180

280
165
120

Which product represents the registration fees paid for soccer and football by
age range?

280

60 165
120

350

60 320
180

78

60 9 10
11 14

350 280

60 320 165
180 120

35

Answer Key-EOC020-M0110
Test Sequence
Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Correct
Answer
A
G
D
F
C
F
D
F
C
G
D
J
B
H
B
H
B
H
A
G
A
J
A
G
D
J
B
H
C
G
C
G
A
G
C
H
B
J
B
J
C
F
C
J
D
J
B
H
A
J

Reporting
Category
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
003
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
001
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
002
004
004
004
004
004
004
004
004

Reporting Category Description


Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Equations and Inequalities
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Expressions and Operations
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Relations and Functions
Statistics
Statistics
Statistics
Statistics
Statistics
Statistics
Statistics
Statistics

Algebra I, Core 1
If you get this
many items
correct:
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Then your
converted scale
score is:
000
217
249
268
282
293
303
311
319
325
331
337
343
348
353
357
362
366
371
375
379
383
387
391
395
399
403
407
411
415
419
423
427
432
436
441
445
450
456
461
467
473
480
487
496
505
516
531
550
582
600

A total raw score (left


column) is converted to a
total scaled score (right
column). The total scaled
score may range from 0 to
600.
A scaled score of 400 or
more means the student
passed the SOL test, while a
scaled score of 399 or less
means the student did not
pass the test. A scaled score
of 500 or more indicates the
student passed the SOL test
at an advanced level.