You are on page 1of 203

To m y g r a n d c h i l d r e n S h e l l e y L o u i s e a n d M i c h a e l J o h n D a v i e s

By t h e s a m e a u t h o r
N e w n e s Circuit Calculations Pocket Book

Multiple Choice Questions in


Electronics and Electrical Engineering
Thomas J Davies

T T E R W O R T H
I

B u t t e r w o r t h - H e i n e m a n n Ltd
Linacre H o u s e , Jordan H i l l , O x f o r d O X 2 8 D P
A m e m b e r o f t h e Reed Elsevier g r o u p
O X F O D
R
M U N I C
H
T O K YO

L O N D NO
N E W

B O S TNO

DELH
I

T O R O NO T

SINGAPO
ER

S Y D NYE

W E L L I N G NT O

First p u b l i s h e d 1 9 9 4
T h o m a s J Davies 9 9 4
All rights reserved. No part of this publication
may be reproduced in any material form (including
photocopying or storing in any medium by electronic
means and whether or not transiently or incidentally
to some other use of this publication) without the
written permission of the copyright holder except in
accordance with the provisions of the Copyright,
Designs and Patents Act 988 or under the terms of a
licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd,
90 Tottenham Court Road, London, England W 1 P 9HE.
Applications for the copyright holder's written permission
to reproduce any part of this publication should be addressed
to the publishers

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data


D a v i e s , T h o m a s J.
M u l t i p l e C h o i c e Q u e s t i o n s in Electronics
a n d Electrical Engineering
I. Title
537.5076
ISBN 0 7 5 0 6 1 6 7 7 6
Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication
Data
A c a t a l o g u e r e c o r d for this b o o k is a v a i l a b l e
f r o m t h e Library o f Congress
ISBN 0 7 5 0 6 1 6 7 7 6

C o m p o s i t i o n b y Genesis Typesetting, Rochester,


Kent
Printed a n d b o u n d in Great Britain

Preface

Multiple c h o i c e questions offer an excellent g u i d e


to progress during c o u r s e s at school a n d technical
colleges and they also p r o v i d e a very g o o d revision
tool prior to e x a m i n a t i o n s . S o m e e x a m i n a t i o n
boards set multiple c h o i c e p a p e r s as part of the e n d
of year e x a m i n a t i o n s .
This b o o k h a s b e e n written for students e m b a r k ing on courses in electronics a n d electrical e n g i neering and it should b e useful d u r i n g the first

three years. T h e 2 0 chapters are d e v o t e d to


individual topics a n d the a p p e n d i c e s p r o v i d e s o m e
s a m p l e papers suitable for the first year.
T h e study of electronics requires s o m e understanding of both m a t h e m a t i c s a n d p h y s i c s . It is a
r e q u i r e m e n t to b e able to u s e indices and transpose
formulas, for e x a m p l e , a n d C h a p t e r s 18, 19 and 2 0
are i n c l u d e d for this p u r p o s e .

Acknowledgements

I w o u l d like to thank the staff of the B o u r n e m o u t h


and P o o l e C o l l e g e of F u r t h e r E d u c a t i o n for their
support and also the publishers a n d in particular
M i s s Bridget B u c k l e y for all her helpful a d v i c e . I

w o u l d also like to thank m y family S u e , Glyn, J u d e


a n d C a r o l for all their h e l p a n d especially m y wife
E n i d for typing the c o m p l e t e work.

Resistors

1.1

Resistance is m e a s u r e d in
a Volts
b Amperes
c Ohms
d Watts

1.2

T h e resistance of a c o n d u c t o r is directly
proportional to
a T h e length
b T h e cross-sectional area
c T h e velocity

1.3

1.4

d T h e pressure

1.7

C a r b o n has a negative t e m p e r a t u r e coefficient. T h i s m e a n s that the resistance of


carbon
a Increases with t e m p e r a t u r e rise
b D e c r e a s e s with t e m p e r a t u r e rise
c Is unaffected by t e m p e r a t u r e
changes
d Is the s a m e as the resistance of
copper

1.8

D o p e d silicon is classed as
a A conductor
b A semiconductor

T h e resistance of a c o n d u c t o r is inversely
proportional to
a T h e length

b T h e resistivity
c T h e cross-sectional area

d T h e pressure

W h i c h of the following is a g o o d
ductor?
a Porcelain

1.9

con-

Which of the following is a good insulator?


a Aluminium
b Ebonite
c Iron
d Steel

1.6

T h e resistance of a p u r e metal
a Is unaffected by t e m p e r a t u r e
b Increases with t e m p e r a t u r e rise
c D e c r e a s e s with t e m p e r a t u r e rise
d A l w a y s r e m a i n s constant

c A n insulator

d A n impurity

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a 3 3 0 0 1 0 % resistor.
T h e colour b a n d s 1 to 4 are
a B r o w n red blue silver
b O r a n g e o r a n g e red silver

b Mica
c Copper
d Rubber

1.5

c O r a n g e red o r a n g e gold
d Yellow red green gold
1 2

1.10

If the resistor in Q u e s t i o n 1.9 has a value of


15 2 % , the colour b a n d s 1 to 4 are

a
b
c
d

Brown
Brown
Brown
Brown

green
green
green
green

brown brown
b r o w n red
b r o w n gold
black red

Resistors

1.11

1.12

If the resistor in Q u e s t i o n 1.9 has a value of


0.82 1%, the colour b a n d s 1 to 4 are
a G r e y red silver b r o w n
b R e d grey b r o w n silver
c G r e y red b r o w n red
d R e d grey b r o w n red

1.18

If the resistor in Q u e s t i o n 1.9 has a value of


1000 5 % , the colour b a n d s 1 to 4 are

1.19

1.13

1.14

1.16

brown
gold
red
silver

1.20

A 1 M 8 M resistor has a value of

1.21

a
b
c
d

a 56 10%
b 0.56 1%

c 5.6 2 %
d 5 6 0 1%

A 120RJ resistor has a value of


a 1.2 1%
b 12 1 0 %

a 58 2 0 0
b 61600

c 65 000
d 68400

A n 8 2 0 R resistor with a tolerance of 1 0 %


has a resistance spread of
a
b
c
d

690-854
700-864
738-902
780-944

T h e physical size of a resistor determines


a T h e voltage rating
b T h e current rating
c T h e p o w e r rating
d T h e t e m p e r a t u r e rating

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o resistors connected
in series. T h e c o m b i n e d resistance R is

a 540R
b 620R

c 640R
d 700R
RI

R2

150R
150R

470R
470R

ZZMZZ

c 120 5 %
d 1200 2 %

W h i c h o n e of the
preferred value in
range?
a 820
b 2700
c 4800
d 5600

1.22

d 145

T h e u p p e r limit value of a 5 6 k K resistor


is

180 5 %
180000 10%
1 800000 20%
18000 2 %

If a resistor is s h o w n as R 5 6 F , the o h m i c
value is

1.17

B l a c k b r o w n red
B r o w n black red
R e d black b r o w n
B r o w n red black

A resistor is s h o w n on a circuit d i a g r a m as
l k 5 F . T h e o h m i c value is
a 150 1 0 %
b 15 5 %
c 15 2 %
d 1500 1%

1.15

a
b
c
d

T h e l o w e r limit value of a 150R 10%


resistor is
a 115
b 125
c 135

R
R
following is not a
the 1 0 % resistor

1.23

If R in question 1.22 is c h a n g e d to 3 k 3 , the


x
c o m b i n e d resistance R is
a 347R
b 3470R
c 3747R
d 3770R

Resistors
1.24

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o resistors c o n n e c t e d

1.29

If the radius of the c a b l e in Q u e s t i o n 1.27 is


increased to 3 m m , the length is a p p r o x -

in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d resistance R is

imately

a 24R

b 26R

a 1020 m

c 28R

b 628 m

d 30R

c 822 m

d 426 m

Rl
1.30
40R
R2

approximately

60R
_R

1.25

If R in Q u e s t i o n 1.24 is c h a n g e d to 10R,
2
the c o m b i n e d resistance R is
a 2R

1.26

2.6
3.3
4.0
4.7

mm
mm
mm
mm

If the cable in Q u e s t i o n 1.30 w a s d o u b l e d in


length, and it w a s a r e q u i r e m e n t to maintain
the s a m e p a r a m e t e r s , the radius of the cable
w o u l d n e e d to b e a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 3.48 m m
b 4.68 m m

c 10.68 m m
d 12.68 m m

T h e u p p e r limit resistance value of a 1 0 %


resistor is 5 1 7 0 . T h e n o m i n a l value is

a 16 i l

a 4500

b 10
c 2
d 0.6

b 4600

c 4700
d 4800

If a cable has a resistance of 0.5 , a radius


of 2-8m m a n d a specific resistance of 1.72 X
, the length is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

1.28

1.32

a
b
c
d

1.27

1.31

b 4.5R
c 8R
d 9.5R

T h e resistance of a cable 9 1 3 3 m long


h a v i n g a radius of 5 m m 8 and a specific
resistance of 1.72 1 0 " is a p p r o x imately

A cable is 4 0 0 m long a n d has a resistance


of 0.2 . If the specific8 resistance of the
c o n d u c t o r is 1.72 X 10~ , the radius is

a
b
c
d

240
365
406
485

1.33

T h e l o w e r limit of a 5 % resistor is 2 0 9 .
T h e n o m i n a l value is
a 215
b 220
c 225
d 230

1.34

T h e u p p e r limit of a 2 % resistor is 10 2 0 0
T h e n o m i n a l value is
a 9200

m
m
m
m

If the resistance of the cable in Q u e s t i o n


1.27 is 2 , the length is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1461 m
b 1524 m
c 1595 m
d 1611 m

b 9600
c 9800
d 10000

Resistors

1.35

T h e l o w e r limit of a 2 0 % resistor is 5 4 4 i l
T h e n o m i n a l value is
a 680
b 710

c 580
d 744

1.36

T h e upper limit of a 1% resistor is 101 .


T h e n o m i n a l value is
a 85
b 90
c 95
d 100

1.37

T h e l o w e r limit of a 2 % resistor is 147


T h e n o m i n a l value is

1.38

1.39

1.40

a
b
c
d

150
160
148
152

A c o p p e r c o n d u c t o r has a resistance of 4
at 2 4 C. If the t e m p e r a t u r e coefficient at
2 4 C is 0.0039/C, the resistance at 4 8 C
is

a 4.25
b 4.29

c 4.33
d 4.37

If the resistor in Q u e s t i o n 1.38 h a d a


resistance of 12 , the resistance at 4 8 C
w o u l d be
a 12.09
b 13.12
c 14.16

a 18C
b 22C
c 26C
d 30C

If the resistance of the c o n d u c t o r in Q u e s tion 1.40 h a d r e a c h e d 3.5 , the approxi m a t e value of the t e m p e r a t u r e w o u l d b e

a 59.2 C

b 58.7 C

c 54.2 C
d 53.6 C

1.42

A c o n d u c t o r h a s a resistance of 10 at
15 C and a resistance of 10.6 at 3 0 C.
T h e t e m p e r a t u r e coefficient at 15 C is
a 0.0039/C
b 0.004/C
c 0.0042/C
d 0.0043/C

1.43

F o u r resistors in series with values of l k 5 ,


3 k 3 , 3 k 9 and 4 k 7 will h a v e a c o m b i n e d
value of
a 9k2
b 10k4
c 13k4
d 15k6

1.44

F o u r resistors c o n n e c t e d in series h a v e a
c o m b i n e d resistance value of 885R. If three
of the resistors h a v e values of 150R, 3 3 0 R
and 3 9 0 R , the value of the fourth is
a 10R
b 15R
c 68R
d 120R

1.45

T w o resistors c o n n e c t e d in parallel h a v e a
c o m b i n e d resistance value of 21R. O n e
resistor has a value of 70R. T h e value of the
s e c o n d is
a 30R
b 35R
c 60R
d 70R

1.46

T h r e e resistors h a v i n g values of 120R,


150R and 3 3 0 R are c o n n e c t e d in parallel.
T h e c o m b i n e d resistance is approximately
a 40.46R
b 46.46R
c 50.46R
d 55.46R

d 14.29

A c o p p e r c o n d u c t o r has a resistance of 3
at 16 C a n d a t e m p e r a t u r e coefficient of
0.0039/C. If the t e m p e r a t u r e is raised until
the resistance is 3.16 the a p p r o x i m a t e
value of the t e m p e r a t u r e then is

1.41

Resistors
1.47

T h r e e resistors are c o n n e c t e d in parallel.

1.53

1.48

1.49

and

the resistors h a v e values of 2 4 0 R and 6 0 0 R .

overall value of the resistance is

120R

b 3000 11.33%

b 240R

c 3000 11.66%

c 360R

d 3000 12.66%

d 400R

If the c o m b i n e d resistance in Q u e s t i o n 1.47


is 8 2 R 7 6 , the value of the third is
a 100R
b 160R
c 180R
d 200R

F o u r 6 8 0 R resistors are c o n n e c t e d in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d resistance is


a 170R
b 280R
c 340R

1.54

1.55

d 400R

T w o 150R 1 0 % resistors are c o n n e c t e d in


series. T h e overall resistance is
a
b
c
d

300R
300R
300R
300R

5%
10%
15%
20%

A 100R 5 % resistor is c o n n e c t e d in series


with a 150R 1 0 % resistor. T h e overall
resistance v a l u e is

a
b
c
d

250R
250R
250R
250R

5%
10%
8%
7.5%
1.57

T h r e e resistors h a v i n g values of 100R 1 %,


100R 2 % a n d 100R 1 0 % are c o n n e c t e d
in series. T h e overall resistance value is
a 3 0 0 R 1%

b 300R 3.33%
c 300R 2 %
d 300R 4.33%

T w o 100R 1 0 % resistors are c o n n e c t e d in


parallel. T h e overall resistance is
a 45R 5%

1.56

1.52

a 3000 10.66%

1.51

IkOM are c o n n e c t e d in series. T h e

1.50

T h r e e resistors h a v i n g values of IkOJ, IkOK

T h e c o m b i n e d resistance is 120R. T w o of
T h e value of the third is

b 50R 5%
c 45R 10%
d 50R 10%

A 100R 1 0 % resistor is c o n n e c t e d in
parallel with a 100 R 2 0 % . T h e overall
tolerance of the c o m b i n e d resistance is
approximately

a 10%

b 15%
c 20%

d 25%

T h r e e 150R 1 0 % resistors are c o n n e c t e d


in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d resistance is
a 50R 3.33%

b 50R 5%

c 50R 6.67%
d 50R 10%

F o u r resistors c o n n e c t e d in parallel h a v e an
equivalent resistance value of 7 5 R . T h r e e of
the resistors h a v e values of 4 0 0 R , 3 0 0 R and
150R. T h e value of the fourth is

a 800R
b IkO

c
d

lk2
lk4

Resistors

1.58

In the d i a g r a m the value of the overall


resistance R is

a 30R
b 36R

c 40R

d 66R

1.62

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.60 is c h a n g e d in
x
order to m a k e the value of R 187R5. T h e
value of R] is

a 50R

b 75R
c 100R

150R

Rl
1.63

In the d i a g r a m the value of the overall

R resistance R is

80R

a 75R

b 90R
c 98R
d 100R

2R

I
1.59

R2

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.58 is c h a n g e d in
2
order to m a k e the value of R 84R. T h e value
of R is
2
a 100R
b 200R
c 240R

1.60

. R

a
b
c
d

L
1.64

200R
150R
450R
300R
Rl

R2

150R

450R

1.61

Resistor /?j in Q u e s t i o n 1.63 is c h a n g e d in


order to m a k e the value of R 6 8 0 R . T h e
value of R] is
a 660R

b 590R
c 470R

d 330R

1.66

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.63 is c h a n g e d in
3
order to m a k e the value of R 166R. T h e
value of R is
3
a 440R
b 480R
c 520R
d 600R

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.60 is c h a n g e d in
2
order to m a k e the value of R 21 OR. T h e
value of R is
2
a 330R
b 450R
c 750R
d 550R

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.63 is c h a n g e d in
2
order to m a k e the value of R 9 4 R . T h e value
of R is
2
a 60R
b 70R
c 80R
d 82R

300R
R

'

60R

1.65

R3

*2Z
40R

d 320R

In t h e d i a g r a m the v a l u e of t h e overall
resistance R is

DO

10R

Resistors
1.67

Resistor R

4 in Q u e s t i o n 1.63 is c h a n g e d in

1.72

In the d i a g r a m the value of the overall


resistance is

order to m a k e the value of R 4 7 0 R . T h e

4 is

a 80R25

a 390R

b 87R35

b 410R

c 91R15

c 430R

d 93R75

d 450R

value of R

1.68

In the d i a g r a m the value of the overall


resistance R is

a 300R
b 400R

c 500R
d 600R

1.69

RI

R3

2Q0R

400R

R2

R4

1.70

600R
R.

a
b
c
d

45R
50R
60R
65R

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.68 is c h a n g e d in
3
order to m a k e the value of R 5 6 0 R . T h e
value of R is
3
a IkO

b
c
d

1.74

lkl
lk2
lk4

R3

75R

50R

25R

250R
R

1.75

Resistor R

x in Q u e s t i o n 1.72 is c h a n g e d in
order to m a k e the value of R 1 8 7 R 5 . T h e
value of R is
x

a 675R
b 700R

c 750R
d 800R

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.73 is c h a n g e d in
2
order to m a k e the value of R 2 1 8 R 7 5 . T h e
value of R is

500R
600R
700R
800R

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.68 is c h a n g e d in
2
order to m a k e the v a l u e of R 2 8 0 R . T h e
value of R is

1.71

1.73

HZZH

800R

a
b
c
d

R2

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.68 is c h a n g e d in
x
order to m a k e the value of R 6 4 0 R . T h e
value of R is

Rl

R4

HZZH
1

a
b
c
d

lk5
lk6
lk65
lk75

Resistor R in Q u e s t i o n 1.73 is c h a n g e d in
3
order to m a k e the value of R 2 2 5 R . T h e
value of R is

a
b
c
d

2kl5
2kl25
4kl25
4k25

2.1

DC voltages and circuits

A voltage of 0.0025 V e x p r e s s e d in m i c r o volts is

2.2

a
b
c
d

25
2 5 0
2.5
2 5 0 0

A voltage of 8 0 0 m V e x p r e s s e d in volts is
a 0.008 V
b 0.08 V
c 0.8 V

2.6

2.7

d 8.0 V

If 2.4 J are required to m o v e 15 C from


point A to point in a circuit, the potential
difference b e t w e e n the t w o points is
a 0.12 V

b 0.16 V
c 6.25 V

d 6.75 V

A current of 0.5 A is m e a s u r e d at a circuit


point o v e r a p e r i o d of 2 min. T h e charge
that has p a s s e d that point is
a 10C
b 20 C
c 40 C

2.3

A voltage of 0.36 m V e x p r e s s e d in m i c r o volts is


a 3 6 0

2.8

b 36
c 3.6
d 3 6 0 0

3
2.4

A voltage of 8 0 0 1 0
millivolts is
a 80 m V
b 800 m V
c 8.0 m V
d 8000 m V

2.5

A voltage of 0.25 k V e x p r e s s e d in volts is


a 2.5 V
b 25 V
c 250 V
d 2500 V

e x p r e s s e d in

d 60 C

If the current at a circuit point is 0.25 A, the


t i m e for 7.5 C to flow is

a 30 s

b 35 s
c 3.5 s
d 2.5 s

2.9

If the p a r a m e t e r s in Q u e s t i o n 2.8 are 100


m A a n d 0.5 C, the t i m e is
a 0.5 s
b 5.0 s
c 50 s
d 500 s

2.10

If there is a flow of 3 6 0 C in a resistor o v e r


a p e r i o d of 3 0 m i n , the current is
a 200 m A
b 360 mA
c 2 A
d 20 A

DC voltages and circuits


2.11

If the p a r a m e t e r s for Q u e s t i o n 2.10 are 6 0

2.17

m C a n d 2 h o u r s , t h e c u r r e n t is

2.13

b 30 W

ft 6.67

c 120 W

c 7.33

d 2 W

d 8.33

a 20

a 0.002 A

b 0.02 A

b 200

c 0.2 A

c 20 m A

d 2.0 A

d 5 A

A current of 6 0 A e x p r e s s e d in m i l l i a m p s

2.19

T h e input p o w e r in Q u e s t i o n 2.18 is

a 12 W

ft 2 0 W

a 600 m A
H m A

c 22 W

c 0.6 m A

d 600 W

d 0.06 m A

2.20

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o resistors c o n n e c t e d

A p o w e r of 0.05 M W e x p r e s s e d in kilowatts

in parallel and driven by a D C supply. T h e

is

current / is
a 0.2 A

a 0.5 k W

b 5 kW

ft 2.4 A

c 50 k W

c 3.6 A

d 500 k W

d 4.0 A

2.15

If the resistor in Q u e s t i o n 2.16 is c h a n g e d to


2 4 R , the input current is then

A current of 2 0 m A e x p r e s s e d in a m p s is

is

2.14

a 240 W

2.18
2.12

T h e input p o w e r in Q u e s t i o n 2.16 is

a 4.33

3 is equivalent to
A p o w e r of 12 m W

a 12 1 0 " 6 W

ft

c 12 1 0 6 W

d 12 1 0

RL

^ZZD:

12 X 10~3 W

R2

a 2 A
b 0.2 A

c 0.5 A

d 2 mA

I
1

1
120 J

60R '

\/ =

D 8

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a single resistor c o n nected to a D C supply. T h e current / is

~~|

HR = I =

L >

2.16

2.21

2.22

V = 2 4

In Q u e s t i o n 2.20 the v a l u e of current I

a 10 m A

ft

c 1.0 A

d 2.0 A

is

100 m A

In Q u e s t i o n 2.20 the value of current I is


2
a 2.0 A
ft 3.0 A

c 200 m A
d 300 m A

10
2.23

DC voltages and circuits


In Question 2.20 the input p o w e r is
a 20 W
b 46 W
c 80 W

2.26

x in

c 180 W
d 200 W

In Q u e s t i o n 2.20 the p o w e r dissipated in R

is

2.25

T h e value of the p o w e r c o n s u m e d in R
Q u e s t i o n 2.26 is
a 100 W
U b 160 W

d 96 W

2.24

2.29

a 24 W

b 48 W
c 60 W

d 80 W

2.30

In Question 2.20 the p o w e r dissipated in R


2
is
a 60 W

* 72 W

c 78 W
d 82 W

2.31

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series circuit. T h e
value of / is
a 6 A
4 A
c 2 A
J 1 A

Rl

2R

T h e value of the p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R in
2
Q u e s t i o n 2.26 is
a 240 W

b 260 W
c 280 W

d 300 W

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a parallel circuit. T h e
value of current / is
a 1.5 A
b 2.0 A
c 2.5 A
d 3.0 A

6 OR
12

-^H

4 OR

13

3R

-{~^
4 0R
VI

R
60
2V

R
20
3V

3V 6

l /\
2 40

2.32
2.27

T h e value of V in Q u e s t i o n 2.26 is
3
a 40 V

2.28

The
2.26

b 60 V
c 20V
d 10 V
value of the input p o w e r in Q u e s t i o n
is
a 70 W
b 140 W
c 200 W
d 480 W

T h e value of the current I in Question 2.31


2
is
a 600 m A

2.33

b 750 m A
c 900 m A
d 920 m A

T h e value of the current I in Q u e s t i o n 2.31


3
is
a 1.5 A
b 1.75 A
c 2.25 A
d 2.5 A

DC voltages and circuits


2.34

T h e value of the p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R in
x
Q u e s t i o n 2.31 is

2.35

2.37

2.38

W
W
W
W

2.41

d 33.6 W

a 33.33R
b 47.67R
c 81.08R

120.33R

2.42

T h e c o m b i n e d value of four resistors connected in parallel is 4 0 R . If three of the


resistors h a v e values of 80R, 160R and
2 0 0 R , the v a l u e of the fourth is

a 360R
b 480R
c 640R

d 800R

A n a m m e t e r gives full scale deflection with


a current of 2 0 m A , and it has a coil
resistance of 4 . T h e value of the shunt
resistance required to e n a b l e it to read u p to
2
2 A is

2
b 4 . 0 4 X 10~
c 6.2 " 3

d 5.4 "

F o u r resistors h a v i n g values of 150R, 2 5 0 R ,


IkO and l k 5 are c o n n e c t e d in parallel. T h e
c o m b i n e d resistance is

a 4.8

If the m e t e r in Q u e s t i o n 2.40 is required to


read u p to 10 A, the shunt resistance
3
required is

a 8.0 1 0 " 2

b 6.0 " 4
c 9.0 1 0 " 3
d 3.0 "

A voltmeter h a v i n g a resistance of 2 0 k 0 is
used to m e a s u r e the voltage b e t w e e n points
A and in the d i a g r a m s h o w n . T h e m e t e r
will indicate a voltage of

a 20 V
b 60 V
80V
d 100 V

+200 V

A m e t e r gives a full scale deflection with a


current of 0.5 m A , and it has a resistance of
0.5 . T h e series resistance n e e d e d for it to
read u p to 2 V is

2.39

20.5
21.6
22.4
24.2

T h e value of the p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R in
2
Q u e s t i o n 2.31 is
a 20.5 W
b 30.2 W
c 32.4 W

2.36

a
b
c
d

2.40

a
b
c
d

10k0

3999R5
4000R
5000R5
5500R

If the m e t e r in Q u e s t i o n 2.38 is required to


read u p to 10 V, the series resistance w o u l d
n e e d to be
a 1999R
b 1999R5
c 19999R
d 19999R5

11

2.43

10k0
0 V

If the voltmeter in Q u e s t i o n 2.42 has a


resistance of lOOkO, the voltage indicated
is

a
b
c
d

75.3 V
89.2 V
90.43 V
95.23 V

12
2.44

DC voltages and circuits


T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series-parallel circuit.
T h e value of / is

2.50

a 1.5 A
ft 2.4 A

2.51

VI

21
7" -

3V
~

2.46

In Question 2.44 the value of V is


2
a 9 V
ft 10 V
c 12 V
d 22 V

In Q u e s t i o n 2.44 the value of V

a 6 V
ft 10 V
c 12 V
J 15 V

c 45 W
J 55 W

3 6

2.52
2.45

In Q u e s t i o n 2.44 the p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R
4
is

2 ^ V

d 30.25 W

a 25 W
ft 35 W

4R
I /\

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a W h e a t s t o n e bridge
w h i c h is in b a l a n c e . T h e value of the
u n k n o w n resistor R is
4
a 15k0

ft 2 2 k 0
c 33kO
d 47k0

3 is
1 2 0 R/

3\

1 K 2 V<

2.47

In Q u e s t i o n 2.44 the value of I

a 0.5 A

.\

\ 4 7K

/ R4
//

x is

ft 0.75 A
c 1.0 A
d 1.25 A

2.48

In Question 2.44 the value of I is


2
a 1.75 A
ft 2.0 A
c 2.25 A
d 2.5 A

2.49

In Question 2.44 the p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R


2
is
a 2.4 W

2.53

If the bridge in Q u e s t i o n 2.52 is balanced,


with R c h a n g e d to 6 8 0 R , the value of R
2
4
is

2.54

ft 6.75 W
c 8.2 W
d 9.5 W

U.a 20.25 W
ft 24.25 W
c 24.75 W

c 2.8 A
d 3.0 A

4R

In Q u e s t i o n 2.44 the p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R
is

a
ft
c
d

4k7
6k8
5k6
3k3

Six resistors are c o n n e c t e d in parallel. T h r e e


h a v e values of l k 4 4 and three h a v e values
of 4 8 0 R . T h e c o m b i n e d resistance is
a 100R
ft 120R
c 200R
d 240R

DC voltages and circuits


2.55

F i v e l k 5 resistors are c o n n e c t e d in parallel.

2.60

It is a r e q u i r e m e n t to a d d a sixth resistor in

2.56

Q u e s t i o n 2.56 is

b i n e d resistance of 21 OR. T h e value of the

b 66.67 W

additional resistor is

c 69.33 W

d 72.67 W

a 550R

ft

c 700R

d 800R

a 50.33 W

650R
2.61

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series-parallel circuit.
T h e value of current / is

a 6.67 A
b 8.33 A

c 10.67 A
d 13.33 A

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series-parallel circuit.
T h e value of R is
a
b
c
d

16R
24R
36R
48R

Rl

rCZZh
HZZH
4A

1 2R

2R

2.59

tZF

4R
V
60

0 1 2V

2.63

c 4.33 A
d 4.67 A

T h e value of the voltage V in Q u e s t i o n 2.56


x
is
a 50 V
b 70 V
c 90V
d 100 V

T h e value of the p o w e r dissipated in R in


x
Q u e s t i o n 2.56 is
a 900 W
ft 1000 W
c 1100 W
d 1200 W

T h e voltage across resistor R


2.61

V 2^

T h e value of current I in Q u e s t i o n 2.56 is


2
a 3.33 A
* 3.93 A

2.58

2.62

R6

3 0R

IV

R
48

4R

3R

KZZD

/ \

^ ~

T?
->I

3R

rfZDi

1 2R

R2

2.57

3 in

T h e value of the p o w e r dissipated in R

parallel with the n e t w o r k to give a c o m -

13

is
a 18 V
b 16 V
c 20V
d 12 V

x in Q u e s t i o n

T h e p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R in Q u e s t i o n
2
2.61 is

a 12 W

ft 15 W
c 28 W
d 36 W

2.64

The
2.61

2.65

If R in Q u e s t i o n 2.61 is c h a n g e d so that the


4
input current is 1.714 A, the value of 7? is
4
a 24R
ft 4 8 R
c 64R
d 96R

p o w e r c o n s u m e d by R in Q u e s t i o n
4
is
a 20 W
ft 144 W
c 240 W
J 280 W

14
2.66

DC voltages and circuits


T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a four-resistor n e t w o r k .
T h e v a l u e of the current flowing in the 6 R
resistor is
a 2 A

b 4 A

a 0.623 A
b 0.658 A

c 6 A
d 8 A

c 0.706 A
d 0.714 A

96v

I '

2.68

2.69

1I

In Q u e s t i o n 2.66 the current flowing in the


8 R resistor is
a 4 A
b 6 A
c 8 A
J 10 A
If the battery voltage in Q u e s t i o n 2.66 is
increased to 108 V, the current flowing in
the 6 R resistor b e c o m e s
a
b
c
d

8R

In Q u e s t i o n 2.66 the current flowing in the


12R resistor is
a 2 A
b 3 A
c 4A
d 5 A

2.70

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a n e t w o r k containing
t w o batteries. T h e current flowing through
t h e 5 R resistor is

-Lt-

2.67

2.71

2.72

2.73

"

'

T h e current flowing t h r o u g h the 10R resistor in Q u e s t i o n 2.71 is


a 0.643 A
b 0.683 A

c 0.723 A
d 0.753 A

T h e current flowing t h r o u g h the 2 0 R resistor in Q u e s t i o n 2.71 is


a 0.06 A

b 0.064 A

c 0.069 A
d 0.071 A

2.74

The
rails

2.75

A 2 4 0 - V 6 0 - W electric light bulb has a


filament resistance of
a 120
b 240
c 480
d 960

8.5 A
9.0 A
10.0 A
10.5 A

If the battery voltage in Q u e s t i o n 2.66 is


increased to 108 V, the current flowing in
the 4 R resistor b e c o m e s
a 6.5 A
b 3.5 A
c 7.5 A
d 4.5 A

2R
0

voltage b e t w e e n the top a n d b o t t o m


of the n e t w o r k in Q u e s t i o n 2.71 is
a 2.62 V
b 4.53 V
c 6.43 V
d 7.2S V

AC voltages

3.1

Alternating

3.3

can

be

plotted

3.7

b -0.5

a 0 . 4 9 5 4 rad

c 0.5

c 0.8661 rad

d 0 . 9 2 3 2 rad

3 6 0 e x p r e s s e d in r a d i a n s is

a TT/4 rad

b 7 rad

c 2 rad

d 4TT r a d

a 3.055 rad

b 4.024 rad

c 5.033 r a d

d 6.128 rad

TT rad e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s is

a 60

b 90

150

180

100.24

103.119

106.27

d 204.43

6 . 2 8 4 r a d e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s is

a 270

a TT/3 rad

105

b TT/6 r a d

360

c /2 rad

120

d 4TT/3 r a d

30 e x p r e s s e d in r a d i a n s is

3.11

3.6

-1.0

9 rad e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s is
1.8

175 e x p r e s s e d in r a d i a n s is

3.5

1.0

ft 0 . 7 8 5 5 rad

3.10
3.4

T h e sin of 3/2 rad is

radians is

3.2

waveforms

against d e g r e e s or r a d i a n s ; 4 5 e x p r e s s e d in

7.0 r a d e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s is a p p r o x imately

4 5 0 e x p r e s s e d in r a d i a n s is

a 302

a 7.855

b 8.824

ft 4 0 1

c 8.932

c 506

d 9.461

d 550

T h e sin of 5/6 r a d is

3.12

5TT/6 r a d e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s is

a 0.1

a 65

b 0.5

ft

c 0.866

125

1.0

150

85

16
3.13

AC voltages
T h e sin of 2 rad is
a 0
ft 1.0

3.19

c 2.0
d 3.0

A sinusoidal voltage has an instantaneous


v a l u e of - 2 4 0 V at 2 7 0 . T h e m a x i m u m
value is
a 200 V
ft 6 0 V

3.14

3.15

3.16

T h e sin of H T T / 6 rad

a 0

ft 0.5
c -0.5
d -1.0

is

a 1.62 V

ft 1.86 V
c 2.02 V
d 12 V

3.18

3.21

c -120 V

d -240 V

If the w a v e f o r m in Q u e s t i o n 3.15 h a d a
m a x i m u m value of 5 0 V, the instantaneous
value at 2 0 0 w o u l d be
a -17.1 V
ft 34.2 V
c -64.2 V
d 120 V

If the w a v e f o r m in Q u e s t i o n 3.15 h a d an
instantaneous value of - 3 1 . 1 8 V at 2 4 0 ,
the m a x i m u m value w o u l d b e
a 20 V
ft 3 0 V
c 36V
d 40 V

A voltage sine w a v e h a v i n g a m a x i m u m
value of 100 V is plotted from 0 to 3 6 0 .
T h e w a v e f o r m will h a v e an instantaneous
value of 86.6 V at

a 20
ft 4 0

c 45
d 60

If the w a v e f o r m in Q u e s t i o n 3.20 has a


m a x i m u m value of 3 0 0 V, an instantaneous
value of - 2 5 9 . 8 V will occur at
a 190
ft 2 7 0

If the w a v e f o r m in Q u e s t i o n 3.15 h a d a
m a x i m u m value of 2 4 0 V, the instantaneous
value at 9 0 w o u l d be
a 0 V
ft 2 4 0 V

3.17

3.20

A voltage sine w a v e h a v i n g a m a x i m u m
value of 24 V is plotted from 0 to 3 6 0 .
T h e instantaneous value at 3 0 is

c 240 V
d 120 V

3.22

c 300
d 360

A sine w a v e has an r.m.s. value of 4 5 V. T h e


p e a k value is
a 52.26
ft 5 9 . 1 8
c 60.23
d 63.64

3.23

A sine w a v e h a s an r.m.s. value of 100 V.


T h e p e a k to p e a k value is
a 282.84 V
ft 3 0 0 V
c 322.42 V

3.24

V
V
V
V

d 340 V

T h e d o m e s t i c m a i n s supply has a value of


2 4 0 V r.m.s. T h e p e a k value is approximately
a 280 V
ft 3 0 0 V

c 320 V
d 340 V

AC voltages
3.25

T h e p e a k to p e a k value of the d o m e s t i c

3.32

3.26

3.27

ft 6 0 0 V

a 200

c 640 V

ft

d 680 V

c 600

d 800

A n oscillator p r o d u c e s a sine w a v e with an


r.m.s. value of 1.5 mV. T h e p e a k value is

a 2.0 m V
b 2.12 m V
c 4.24 m V

d 5.2 m V

3.33

a 10 V
ft 15 V
c 20V
d 25 V

3.34

A sinusoidal voltage h a v i n g a value of 2 0 0 0


V r.m.s. w o u l d h a v e a p e a k to p e a k value of
approximately
a 4000
ft 5 6 5 6
c 6000
d 6666

V
V
V
V

A sine w a v e has an r.m.s. value of 150

3.35

3.30

3.31

a 0.21

ft

c 0.8

0.26
1.2

3.36

A sinusoidal voltage h a s a p e a k to p e a k
value of 4 . 0 V. T h e r.m.s. value is
a 1.0 V
ft 1.02 V
c 1.414 V
d 2.0 V
A sine w a v e h a s a p e a k value of 2 4 0 V. T h e
r.m.s. value is

a
ft
c
d

169.7 V
180 V
192.7 V
200 V

A sine w a v e has a p e a k to p e a k value of 0.5

111

ft

200

111

d 225

A sine w a v e h a v i n g a p e a k voltage of 7.5


m V will h a v e an r.m.s. value in microvolts
of a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 2062
ft 4 6 1 2
c 4823

d 5303

A sine w a v e h a v i n g a p e a k voltage of 0 . 0 0 4
m V will h a v e an r.m.s. v a l u e in n a n o v o l t s
of

T h e p e a k value in millivolts is

300

mV. T h e r.m.s. value in microvolts is

If a sine w a v e has an r.m.s. value of 7.07 V,


the p e a k to p e a k value is

3.29

imately

a 560 V

3.28

A sine w a v e h a s a p e a k value of 0.85 mV.


T h e r.m.s. v a l u e in microvolts is a p p r o x -

m a i n s supply is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

17

480
2400
2828
3000

A sine w a v e has a p e a k to p e a k value of 0.3


mV. T h e r.m.s. value in microvolts is
approximately

3.37

a
ft
c
d

a
ft
c
d

106
126
146
206

A w a v e f o r m h a s a frequency of 2 5 0 H z . T h e
periodic t i m e in s e c o n d s is

a
ft
c
d

0.02
0.04
0.004
0.008

18
3.38

AC voltages
T h e periodic t i m e of the w a v e f o r m
Q u e s t i o n 3.37 in milliseconds is
a 20
b 40

in

c 8
d 4

3.39

A sine w a v e has a frequency of 1 k H z . T h e


periodic t i m e in m i c r o s e c o n d s is
a 250
b 500
c 750
d 1000

3.40

T h e domestic m a i n s has a frequency


5 0 H z . T h e periodic time is
a 0.5 s

3.41

3.42

3.45

b 2.5 s
c 20 ms

d 20

of

a 0.4
b 40
c 140
d 400

c 3.4 k H z

d 10 k H z

A w a v e f o r m has a periodic time of 0.25 m s .


T h e frequency is
a 1000 H z
b 2000 Hz
c 3000 Hz
d 4000 Hz

3.47

A n oscillator p r o d u c e s a sine w a v e with a


periodic t i m7e of 100 ns. T h e frequency is
a 1 0 6H z
b 1 0 5H z
c 1 0 4H z

T h e output of an oscillator has a frequency


of 2.5 M H z . T h e periodic time in m i c r o seconds is

3.46

A voltage w a v e f o r m has a frequency of 150


3
k H z . T h e periodic time
in milliseconds is
a 6.67 1 0 3
b 6.67 1 0 "4
c 6.67 1 0 4
d 6.67 X 1 0 "

A sine w a v e h a s a periodic t i m e of 4 0 0 $.
T h e frequency is
a 800 Hz
b 2.5 k H z

3.48

10 Hz

If the periodic time in Q u e s t i o n 3.47 is


6 will then b e
halved, the frequency
a 0.5 X 170 H z
b 2 X 1 0 H7z

3.49

c 0.5 X 150 H z
d 2 X 10 Hz

R a d i o 4 has a w a v e l e n g t h of 1500 m. T h e
frequency is
a 200 Hz
b 800 Hz

c 100 k H z
d 200 kHz

3.43

T h e periodic t i m e for Q u e s t i o n 3.42


n a n o s e c o n d s is
a 1400
b 4000
c 200
d 400

in

3.50

A w a v e l e n g t h of 2 5 m c o r r e s p o n d s to a
6
frequency of
5
a 10 Hz
b 1.5 X 1 0 7H z
c 1.2 8X 1 0 H z
d 10 Hz

3.44

A w a v e f o r m has a periodic time of 12.5 m s .


T h e frequency is
a 25 H z
b 75 H z
c 80Hz
d 125 H z

3.51

A w a v e l e n g t h of 3 7 5 m is equivalent to a
frequency of
a 200 kHz
b 400 kHz
c 800 kHz
d 900 kHz

AC voltages
3.52

A sine w a v e has a w a v e l e n g t h of 2 0 c m . T h e

3.59

9
frequency is
8
a 1.5 X 1 0 H z
ft 4.5 7X 1 0 H z
c 1 0 4H z

19

A frequency of 2.5 k H z h a s a w a v e l e n g t h
of

10 Hz

a 120 m

b 250 m

c 250 km

d 120 k m

6
3.53

5
A n infra-red
signal has a w a v e l e n g t h of 3 X

3.60

10~ m . T h e5 frequency is

3.54

3.55

A frequency of 1 0 H z c o r r e s p o n d s to a
w a v e l e n g t h of

a
b

1 0 8H z
1 0 1H z0

a 10 m
b 150 m

c
d

1 0 1 H3z
10 Hz

c 300 m
d 600 m

A transmitter is radiating a signal with a


w a v e l e n g t h of 0.25 m . T h e frequency is

3.61

A frequency of 95 M H z h a s a w a v e l e n g t h
of

a 100 M H z

a 1.64 m

b 200 kHz

c 1200 M H z

b 2.53 m
c 2.92 m

d 1500 k H z

d 3.16 m

T h e frequency of the transmitter in Q u e s tion 3.54 in gigahertz is

a 0.1
b 1.2

c 12
d 100

3.62

A w a v e f o r m of 1 G H z h a s a w a v e l e n g t h
of

a 0.3 m
b 1.3 m
c 2.3 m

d 2.6 m

8
3.56

A n ultraviolet ray has a w a v e l e n g t h of 10~


, 0
m . T h e frequency
is

a 10 Hz 1 2
b 2 X 1 0 1 H6z

c 3 X 1 02 H z
d 4 X 10 Hz

3.63

A sine w a v e has a p e a k voltage of 25 V. T h e


a v e r a g e value is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 16 V
ft 17 V
c 18 V

d 19 V

- 21
3.57

A c o s m i c ray h a s a w a v e l e n g t h of 3 1 0
2 0 is
m . T h e frequency
a 1 0 , H5z
b 1 08 H z
c 1 0 6H z
d 10 Hz

3.64

T h e form factor
Q u e s t i o n 3.63 is
a 0.8
ft 1.1
c 2.1
d 2.3

3.58

A frequency of 100 H z has a w a v e l e n g t h


6
of
a 10 m 6
b 3 7 1 0 m
c 10 m 8
d 4 10 m

3.65

A sine w a v e has an r.m.s. value of 100 V.


T h e a v e r a g e value is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 50 V
ft 7 0 V
c 80V
d 90 V

for

the

waveform

in

20
3.66

AC voltages
T h e average
V. T h e p e a k
a 160
ft 2 2 0
c 240

3.67

3.68

b 200 V
c 180 V

d 160 V

A sine w a v e with a p e a k voltage of 3 0 V is


applied to a half-wave rectifier. A s s u m i n g
n o losses, the m e a n D C output voltage is
a 6.32 V

a
ft
c
d

25
15
10
7.5

T h e output r.m.s. voltage in Question 3.70


is
a 16.41 V
ft 17.67 V

3.72

A square w a v e c o m p r i s e s
a T h e fundamental plus all odd

3.73

3.74

V
V
V
V

If the voltage in Q u e s t i o n 3.68 is applied to


a full-wave rectifier, the m e a n D C output
voltage is
a 19.1 V
ft 20.2 V
c 23.4 V
d 24.5 V

3.75

harmonics
c All o d d h a r m o n i c s
d All e v e n h a r m o n i c s

A w a v e f o r m w h i c h includes the
mental a n d all e v e n h a r m o n i c s is
a
ft
c
d

funda-

Sinusoidal
Square
Sawtooth
Triangular

A square w a v e has a fundamental frequency


of 4 5 0 H z . T h e fifth h a r m o n i c is
a 2000 Hz
ft 2 2 5 0 H z
c 4500 Hz

3.70

c 21.22 V
d 23.41 V

harmonics
ft T h e fundamental plus all even

b 7.63 V
c 8.26 V
d 9.55 V

T h e output r.m.s. voltage in Q u e s t i o n 3.68


is

3.71

d 300 V

T h e average value of a sine w a v e is 135.13


V. T h e r.m.s. value is
a 150 V

3.69

value of a sine w a v e is 152.88


value is
V
V
V

d 5500 Hz

Ten cycles of a voltage w a v e f o r m occur in


2 m s . T h e frequency is
a 100 H z
ft 2 0 0 H z
c 1000 H z
d 5000 Hz

Capacitors

4.1

2 - capacitor e x p r e s s e d in nanofarads
is

4.7

a 0.02 n F

ft 2 0 n F

c 200 nF
d 2000 nF

2 0 0 V is applied to a 0 . 8 6 - n F capacitor. T h e
c h a r g e stored in n a n o c o u l o m b s is

a 160
ft 172

c 200
d 286

7
4.2

4.5 1 0 p F e x p r e s s e d in microfarads is

a
ft
c
d

4 5
4 5 0
4 5 0 0 3
45

4.8

5
4.3

1 0 p F e x p r e s s e d in nanofarads is
a 1.0 n F
ft 10 n F

c 100 n F
d 1000 n F

4.4

1000 p F e x p r e s s e d in microfarads is
a 10
ft 1.0
c 0.1
d 0.001

4.5

A 150-pF capacitor h a s 12 V across the


plates. T h e c h a r g e stored is
a 1.2 n C
ft 1.8 n C
c 12
d 18 C

4.6

A voltage of 2 5 V is applied to a 1.8-nF


capacitor. T h e c h a r g e stored is
a 25 C
ft 4 5 C
c 25 nC
d 45 nC

1.5- capacitor stores a c h a r g e of 2.4 X


10"^ C. T h e terminal voltage is
a 100 V
ft 160 V

4.9

c 1000 V
d 1600 V

1 0 0 0 - capacitor stores a c h a r g e of 0.45


C. T h e terminal voltage is
a 4.5 V
ft 4 5 V
c 450 V
d 4500 V

4.10

A c h a r g e of 1.2 C is stored in a 2 5 0 -
capacitor. T h e terminal voltage is
a 0.48 k V
ft 1.2 k V
c 4.8 k V
d 6.4 k V

4.11

A capacitor stores 0.5 m C with 10 V across


the plates. T h e capacitor value is
a 50 nF
ft 5 0
c 100 n F
d 100

22
4.12

Capacitors
A capacitor has a c h a r g e of 120 C with a
terminal voltage of 1.5 V. T h e capacitor
value is

4.19

a 8 0 0 pf
ft 80 pf

4.13

4.14

A capacitor has a c h a r g e of 0.26 C. T h e


terminal voltage is 2 0 0 V. T h e capacitor
value is
a 8 0 0

ft 1020
c 1300

d 1500

The
with

4.15

energy stored in a 3 . 6 - capacitor


an applied voltage of 15 V is
a 0.405 m J
ft 0.625 m J
c 0.705 m J

c 28.8 m J
d 30.2 m J

4.18

J
J
J
J

15- capacitor stores 2 0 0 J. T h e terminal


voltage is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 2468 V
ft 3 2 4 6 V
c 4000 V
d 5164 V
28 J is
applied
a
ft
c
d

stored in a 1 0 0 - capacitor. T h e
voltage is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
700 V
748 V
766 V
7480 V

a 259 V

ft 1491 V
c 1582 V
d 1671 V

2 5 0 J is stored in a capacitor w h e n the


applied voltage is 1500 V. T h e capacitor
value is
a 160
ft 2 0 0
c 222
d 262

4.21

2.5 J is stored in a capacitor w h e n the


applied voltage is 140 V. T h e capacitor
value is
a 255
ft 125
c 600
d 650

4.22

A capacitor stores 5 0 m J w h e n the applied


voltage is 12 V. T h e capacitor value is
approximately
a 20
ft 2 9 4
c 600
d 694

4.23

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o capacitors connected in series. T h e value of the overall


c a p a c i t a n c e C is

T h e energy stored in a 5 0 0 - capacitor


with an applied voltage of 100 V is
a 1.5
ft 2.5
c 3.5
d 4.5

4.17

4.20

d 0.835 m J

A capacitor has a terminal voltage of 12 V


a n d has a value of 4 0 0 T h e e n e r g y
stored is
a 20.6 m J
ft 26.8 m J

4.16

c 80 n F
d 80

2 0 0 0 m J is stored in a 1.8- capacitor. T h e


voltage b e t w e e n the plates is approximately

a
ft
c
d

6.5
10
4
12.5

Cl

2C

5 uF

2 0Fu

Capacitors
4.24

If the t w o capacitors in Q u e s t i o n 4 . 2 3 are


c o n n e c t e d in parallel, the overall c a p a c i tance value is

4.30

a 5
ft 2 0

4.25

If an additional 1.0- capacitor is a d d e d in


series with the circuit in Q u e s t i o n 4 . 2 3 , the
overall c a p a c i t a n c e then b e c o m e s
a 600 nF
b 800 nF

4.26

3
600
6 10 3
12 1 0 4
15 1 0

a
b
c
d

1041 V n T1
750 V m " 1
1250 V m 1
"
600 V m "

a
b
c
d

0.6 k V n 1T
6 kVm" 1
12 k V m " 1
18 k V m "

1
If 100 V applied to a capacitor
produces a
field strength of 8 0 k V i r r , the dielectric
thickness is
a 1.2 m m
b 1.25 m m
c 2.0 m m
d 2.1mm

1
If 5 0 V applied to a capacitor
produces a
field strength of 5 0 k V m " , the separation
b e t w e e n the plates is

a 1.0 m m

b 0.1mm
c 0.1cm
d 0.5 c m

If the voltage1is 6 0 V a n d the field strength


is 100 k V m " in Q u e s t i o n 4 . 3 0 , the separation b e t w e e n the plates is

a 0.06 c m

b 0.6 c m
c 0.62 m m
d 0.06 m m

A capacitor has a dielectric w h i c h is 0.21 m m


thick. If the field strength is 2 5 0 k V m " , the
terminal voltage is
a 10 V
ft 25 V
c 40V

4.33

d 50 V

1
T h e plates of a capacitor are separated by
0.15 m m . If the field strength is 5 0 0 k V m ~ ,
the terminal v o l t a g e is
a 75 V
ft 7 5 0 V

4.34

If the dielectric thickness in Q u e s t i o n 4.26


is 0.1 m m a n d the terminal voltage is 1.2 V,
the field strength is1

4.29

a
b
c
d

4.32

If the dielectric thickness in Q u e s t i o n 4 . 2 6


is 2.4 m m a n d the applied voltage is 2.5 V,
the field strength is1 a p p r o x i m a t e l y

4.28

4.31

c 0.9
d 1.25

T w o capacitor plates are separated by a


dielectric 0.5 m m thick. If the terminal
voltage is 6 V, the field strength in volts p e r
m e t r e is

4.27

c 25
d 100

23

c 800 V
d 850 V

A capacitor has a dielectric w h i c h is


1 thick. If the field strength is 4 0 0
0.05 c m
k V m " , the terminal voltage is
a 100
ft 2 0 0
c 300
d 400

4.35

V
V
V
V

A capacitor consists of t w o metal plates


5 0 m m in length a n d 100 m m w i d e . T h e
c a p a c i t o r h o l d s a c h a r g e of 0.2 C . T h e
electric flux density in m i c r o c o u l o m b s per
square m e t r e is

a
ft
c
d

10
20
30
40

24
4.36

Capacitors
If the plates in Q u e s t i o n 4.35 are 4 0 m m
long and 4 0 m m w i d e and the c h a r g e is
2
1.5 ^ the flux density
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 468

4.42

4.43

4.38

If the plates in Q u e s t i o n 4.35 are 2.0 c m


long and 4 . 0 c m w i d e a n d the c h a r g e is
2
5 0 0 n C , the flux density
is
\LCmT2
^ "2
^ " 2

a 625
b 700
c 725

d 800 "

a
ft
c
d

10
15
25
30

ft

c 18 m J

d 20 mJ

4.44
con-

V
V
V
V

in

capacitor

2 in

16 m J

T h e total e n e r g y stored in the circuit of


Q u e s t i o n 4 . 3 8 is
a 16 m J
ft 28 m J

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o capacitors
nected in series. T h e voltage V is

stored

U a 14 m J

energy

Q u e s t i o n 4 . 3 8 is

ft 7 9 2 " 2
c 938 "2
d 998 4.37

The

c 30 mJ
d 38 m J

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o capacitors connected in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d capacitance is


a 2.4
ft 4.2
c 2.0
Q d 10
Cl

Cl
11
11

1
1

I 1
1 [
6 uF

2C
1
I

6 0 uF

4 0Fu

Vi

2V

C2

4 uF
5 0V

4.39

T h e c h a r g e in capacitor C in Q u e s t i o n 4.38
x
is

4.45

a 400 C
ft 1200 C
c 600 C
d 800 C
4.40

4.41

The
4.38

total c h a r g e in the circuit of Q u e s t i o n


is
a 400 C
ft 8 0 0 C
c 1200 C
d 2400 C

T h e energy stored
Q u e s t i o n 4.38 is
a 12 m J
ft 14 m J
c 16 m J
d 18 m J

in

capacitor

x in

4.46

In Q u e s t i o n
circuit is
a 102
ft 120
c 140
d 160

__

4 . 4 4 the total c h a r g e in the


C
C
C
C

In Q u e s t i o n 4 . 4 4 the c h a r g e on capacitor C
x
is
a 60
ft 6 4
c 70
d 72

4.47

1 2V

In Q u e s t i o n
is
a 48
ft 5 0
c 60
d 64

C
C

C
4 . 4 4 the c h a r g e on capacitor C
C
C
C
C

Capacitors
4.48

T h e total e n e r g y stored in Q u e s t i o n 4 . 4 4 is

4.54

a 6 8 0 ]

ft 7 2 0 ]

4.49

c 8 0 0 ]
d 8 7 0 ]

T h e e n e r g y stored
Q u e s t i o n 4 . 4 4 is
a 2 1 0 ]
ft 2 4 2 ]

c 420

d 432

A capacitor has a r e a c t a n c e of 2 k at a
frequency of 2 k H z . T h e capacitor value is
approximately
a 39.78
ft 5 0 . 6 8
c 62.63
d 82.07

in

capacitor

C,

T h e e n e r g y stored
Q u e s t i o n 4 . 4 4 is
a 200

4.55

in

capacitor

2 in

4.56

ft 2 4 4
c 2 8 8 ]
J 2 9 0 ]

4.51

nF
nF
nF
nF

in
A 150-pF capacitor has a r e a c t a n c e of 2 5 0 0
at a frequency of
a 4244 Hz
ft 4 2 4 8 0 H z
c 42 4 4 1 H z

4.50

d 424 413 Hz

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three capacitors c o n n e c t e d in parallel a n d driven b y 2 0 V. T h e


total c a p a c i t a n c e is

a 80
ft 100

c 110
d 112

-2
A capacitor
has a flux density of 8 0 0
C m a n d a c h a r g e of 0.1 T h e area of
the plate in square millimetres is

25

Cl
Il
11
1 2 uF

a 100
ft 125
c 200
d 250

C2

11

6 0 uF
C3
J L

1 [
4 0 uF

4.52

A capacitor has t w o circular plates with


d i a m e t e r s2 of 5 m m . If the flux density is
2 0 , the c h a r g e in n a n o c o u l o m b s is
approximately

4.53

The
kHz

4.57

T h e c h a r g e stored in capacitor C in Q u e s 2
tion 4 . 5 6 is
a 1000 C
ft 1200 C
c 2000 C
d 2400 C

4.58

T h e total c h a r g e stored in the n e t w o r k in


Q u e s t i o n 4 . 5 6 is
a 1680 C
ft 1800 C
c 2240 C
d 2800 C

a 0.87
ft 1.23
c 1.41
d 1.57

reactance of a 0 . 2 - c a p a c i t o r at 1
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 800
ft 7 9 6
c 656
d 420

2 0V

26
4.59

Capacitors
T h e energy stored
Q u e s t i o n 4.56 is

in

capacitor

3 in

4.65

T h e total energy stored in the n e t w o r k in


Q u e s t i o n 4.61 is
a 0.662 m J
b 0.826 m J
c 1.624 m J
d 1.728 m J

T h e total e n e r g y stored in the n e t w o r k in


Q u e s t i o n 4 . 5 6 is

4.66

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a four-capacitor seriesparallel n e t w o r k . T h e c o m b i n e d capacitance


is

a 8 mJ
ft 8.6 m J
c 9 mJ
d 10 m J
4.60

4.61

a
b
c
d

20.2 m J
22.4 m J
32 m J
40 mJ

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series-parallel c a p a c itor n e t w o r k . T h e c o m b i n e d c a p a c i t a n c e is
a 2
b 4

c 6

d 8

a
\0\xF
ft 15
c 20
d
40

Cl
1

11

C3
, ,

5 uF

C2

I I
11
1 U5F

11

1 2 uF

C4
1

11

8 uF

C2

4.67

T h e total c h a r g e stored in the n e t w o r k in


Q u e s t i o n 4 . 6 6 is
a 200 C
ft 4 0 0 C
c 600 C
d 800 C

4.68

T h e c h a r g e stored in capacitor C in Q u e s 2
tion 4 . 6 6 is

8 uF

I
4.62

T h e voltage d r o p across capacitor C in


x
Q u e s t i o n 4.61 is

4.63

2 V4

a 6 V
ft 12 V
c 16V
d 20 V

T h e c h a r g e in capacitor C in Q u e s t i o n 4.61
2
is

4.69

T h e total e n e r g y stored in the n e t w o r k in


Q u e s t i o n 4 . 6 6 is
a 2 mJ
ft 4 m J
c 6 mJ
d 8 mJ

4.70

T h e energy stored
Q u e s t i o n 4 . 6 6 is
a 1.2 m J
ft 1.6 m J
c 2.2 m J
d 4.6 m J

a 40 C
ft 4 8 C
c 400 C
d 480 C
4.64

T h e energy stored
Q u e s t i o n 4.61 is
a 864
ft 9 0 0
c 940
d 964

a 300 C

ft 4 0 0 C
c 500 C
d 600 C

in

capacitor

x in

in

capacitor

4 in

Capacitors
4.71

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a three-capacitor series-

4.73

parallel n e t w o r k . T h e c o m b i n e d c a p a c i t a n c e

T h e total c h a r g e in the n e t w o r k in Q u e s t i o n
4.71 is

is

a 10
c 3 0

d 4 0
4.74

ci

11

CS

HI

9 uF

3 0 uF

4.72

C
3

d 50 V

II
7 F0 u

6V 0

T h e e n e r g y stored in C
is

T h e voltage d r o p across C in Q u e s t i o n 4.71


2
is
a 30 V
ft 4 2 V
c 48 V

a 1.8 m C

ft 2.8 m C
c 4.6 m C
d 5.4 m C

ft 2 0

27

4.75

a
b
c
d

10.2
12.4
16.2
18.6

x in Q u e s t i o n 4.71

mC
mC
mC
mC

T h e total e n e r g y stored in the n e t w o r k in


Q u e s t i o n 4.71 is

a 54 mJ

ft 100 m J
c 220 mJ
d 284 mJ

5.1

5.2

Inductors

A 0.04-H inductance e x p r e s s e d in millih e n r y s is

a 0.4 m H
H m H
c 40 mH

d 400 mH

5.6

A n i n d u c t a n c e of 1200 expressed in
h e n r y s is
a 0.012
ft 0.0012
c 0.12
d 1.2

5.7

A coil h a s 4 0 0 turns. If a flux of 100 m W b


acting t h r o u g h the coil is reversed in 0.04 s,
the i n d u c e d voltage is

A n inductor has a value of 0.002 H. T h e


value c o n v e r t e d to m i c r o h e n r y s is
a 2
ft 2 0

c 200

a 200 V
ft 5 0 0 V
c 1000 V

d 2000

5.8

5.3

If an inductor has an i n d u c t a n c e of 2 2 H,
7 in m i c r o h e n r y s is
this value expressed
a 2.2
ft 22
c 2.2
d 22

3
1 0 3
1 02

5.4

A 2 3 0 - inductance e x p r e s s e d in millih e n r y s is
a 0.0023
ft 0.023
c 0.23
d 2.3

5.5

A 0 . 8 4 - m H inductance e x p r e s s e d in m i c r o h e n r y s is
a 8.4
ft 84

c 840
d 8400

d 2000 V

If a flux of 2 4 0 m W b is reversed in a
60-turn coil in 0.2 s, the induced voltage
is
a 144 V
ft 2 4 0 V

c 288 V
d 480 V

5.9

A voltage of 12 V is i n d u c e d in a coil w h e n
a flux of 150 m W b is reversed in 80 s. T h e
n u m b e r of turns on the coil is
a 1800
ft 2 2 0 0
c 3200
d 400

5.10

A voltage of
a flux of 78
coil has
a 417
ft 5 2 3
c 600
d 629

2 4 V is i n d u c e d in a coil w h e n
m W b is reversed in 3.4 s. T h e
turns
turns
turns
turns

Inductors
5.11

A voltage of 2 0 0 V is i n d u c e d in a coil

5.17

h a v i n g 1400 turns w h e n t h e flux is r e v e r s e d


in 0.6 s. T h e value of the flux in m i l l i w e b e r s
is

5.12

5.13

a 42.86

ft

c 74.13

d 82.47

If 12 V are i n d u c e d in a coil w h i c h h a s 100


turns, w h e n the flux is reversed in 2 s the
value of the flux in w e b e r s is

a 0.06
b 0.08
c 0.12

5.14

5.15

5.16

5.19

c 462 V
d 554 V

A current is increased from 1.5 A to 6.5 A in


100 m s t h r o u g h a coil h a v i n g an i n d u c t a n c e
of 5 H. T h e i n d u c e d voltage is
a 240 V
b 250 V
c 260 V

5.18

1.2

A coil has an i n d u c t a n c e of 12 H. If the


current t h r o u g h it is increased from 2 A to
8 A in 130 m s , the i n d u c e d voltage is
approximately
a 282 V
b 324 V

5.20

If a current of 5 A is r e v e r s e d in a coil
w h o s e i n d u c t a n c e is 2.5 H in 0.05 s, t h e
induced voltage is
a 500 V
b 700 V
c 800 V
d 900 V

5.21

a 0.88 A
b 1.92 A

c 2.88 A
d 3.24 A

W h e n a current of 11.5 A is r e v e r s e d in a
coil in 2 3 0 m s , a voltage of 1500 V is
induced. T h e value of the i n d u c t a n c e in
h e n r y s is
a 15

b 20

c 25
d 30

If a current of 15 A is reversed in a coil in


0.15 s and the i n d u c e d voltage is 6 kV, the
value of the coil i n d u c t a n c e is
a 20 H
ft 3 0 H
c 40 H
d 45 H

A coil h a v i n g 1800 turns is w o u n d o n a nonm a g n e t i c former. If a current of 6 A


p r o d u c e s a flux of 4 0 0 \\^>, the coil
i n d u c t a n c e in h e n r y s is

5.22

a 1.2
b 1.5
c 2.2
d 2.5

If a voltage of 4 8 0 V is i n d u c e d in a coil
w h o s e i n d u c t a n c e is 8 H , w h e n a current is
reversed in 9 6 m s the v a l u e of the current is
approximately

d 300 V

A current of 12 A is r e v e r s e d in a 3-H coil


in 2 4 m s . T h e i n d u c e d voltage is
a 600 V
b 1500 V
c 3000 V
d 3500 V

A voltage of 3 0 0 V is i n d u c e d in a coil with


an i n d u c t a n c e of 6 H w h e n a current is
r e v e r s e d in 6 0 m s . T h e value of the current
in a m p s is

63.92

29

a
ft
c
d

0.06
0.08
0.11
0.12

If the current in Q u e s t i o n 5.21 is reversed in


4 0 m s , the i n d u c e d voltage is
a 12 V
ft 2 4 V
c 36V
d 48 V

30
5.23

Inductors
A coil h a v i n g 4 5 0 0 turns is w o u n d o n a n o n m a g n e t i c former. If a current of 18 A
p r o d u c e s a flux of 0.9 m W b , the coil
inductance is

5.29

a 0.42 H
ft 0.475 H
c 0.525 H

a 0.225 H

ft 0.3 H

If the current in Q u e s t i o n 5.23 is reversed in


180 m s , the i n d u c e d voltage is
U a 36 V
ft 4 2 V

5.25

c 45 V

d 50 V

If the current in Q u e s t i o n 5.23 is r e v e r s e d in


3 6 0 m s , the i n d u c e d voltage is

5.31

a 22.5 V
ft 25 V

5.26

5.27

5.28

c 30 V
d 32.5 V

If a current of 5.4 A flows in a 14.6-H


inductor, the e n e r g y stored in j o u l e s is
approximately

a 165
ft 197

c 200
d 213

If a current of 4 A flows in a 2 - H inductor,


the e n e r g y stored in j o u l e s is

a
ft
c
d

5.32

a 650
ft 8 0 0
c 1000
d 1440

28 J of energy is stored in a coil w h e n the


current flowing is 7 A . T h e coil inductance
in h e n r y s is
1.04
1.14

a
ft

c 2.4
d 2.48

5 0 0 m J of energy is stored in a coil w h e n


the current flowing is 2 A. T h e coil
i n d u c t a n c e in millihenrys is

a 250
ft 4 0 0

c 420
d 450

A coil with an i n d u c t a n c e of 0.075 H stores


15 J. T h e coil current is
a 18 A
ft 2 0 A

5.33

5.34

c 30 A
d 32 A

A coil with an i n d u c t a n c e of 4 0 0 m H stores


2 0 0 J. T h e coil current is

12
14
16
20

If a current of 12 A flows in a 2 0 - H
inductor, the e n e r g y stored in j o u l e s is

d 0.6 H

c 0.325 H
d 0.4 H
5.30

5.24

If 3.8 J of e n e r g y is stored in a coil w h e n the


current is 4 A, the coil inductance is

a
ft
c
d

5.6 A
10 A
31.6 A
32 A

16 J is stored in a coil with an inductance of


12 H, w h e n the coil current is

a
ft
c
d

1.63 A
1.82 A
2.1 A
2.42 A

Inductors
35

36

T h e m u t u a l i n d u c t a n c e b e t w e e n t w o coils is
0.4 H. T h e a v e r a g e voltage i n d u c e d in o n e
coil w h e n the current in the other coil
increases from 2 A to 8 A in 140 m s is

5.40

a 14.23 V

b 15.06 V
c 17.14 V

a 0.78
b 1.22

d 19.21 V

c 2.56
d 3.29

c 200 V

d 400 V

5.41

5.42
37

38

T w o coils h a v e a m u t u a l i n d u c t a n c e of 1.5
H . If the current in o n e of the coils increases
from 0 A to 5 A in 4 5 m s , the a v e r a g e
voltage i n d u c e d in the other coil is
a 133.33 V
b 166.67 V
c 203.32 V
d 233.33 V

4 0 0 V is i n d u c e d in a coil w h i c h has an
i n d u c t a n c e of 2 H, w h e n the current increases from 0 A to 10 A. T h e t i m e for the
increase in milliseconds is
U a 5

39

A coil has an i n d u c t a n c e of 5 0 m H . If 150 V


is i n d u c e d in the coil w h e n the current
increases from 1.34 A to 3.68 A , the t i m e for
the increase in m i l l i s e c o n d s is a p p r o x imately

T w o coils h a v e a m u t u a l i n d u c t a n c e of 1.2
H. If the current in o n e of the coils increases
from 0 A to 10 A in 3 0 m s , the a v e r a g e
voltage i n d u c e d in the other coil is
a 60 V
b 180 V

b 10
c 40
d 50

A coil has an i n d u c t a n c e
is i n d u c e d in the coil
increases from 1 A to 7
increase in m i l l i s e c o n d s
a 16.28
b 18.34
c 20.22
d 26.25

of 1.05 H. If 2 4 0 V
w h e n the current
A , the t i m e for the
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

T h e r e a c t a n c e of a 0 . 4 6 - H inductor at a
frequency of 2 k H z is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 4828
b 5780

c 6263
d 7426

T h e r e a c t a n c e of a 2 . 8 - m H inductor at a
frequency of 5 0 0 H z is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

5.43

31

a 8.8R
b 10.2R
c 14.5R
d 20.9R

A 0 . 9 8 - H inductor h a s a r e a c t a n c e at a
frequency of 150 H z of a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 257
b 332

c 680
d 924

5.44

A 0 . 9 8 - m H coil h a s a r e a c t a n c e of 1.4R at
an a p p r o x i m a t e frequency of
a 142 H z
b 227 Hz
c 361Hz
d 473 Hz

5.45

A 4 0 0 - i n d u c t o r h a s a reactance of 10R
at a frequency of a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 2624 Hz
b 3979 Hz
c 4783 Hz
d 5500 Hz

32
5.46

5.47

Inductors
A 1.2-mH inductor has a r e a c t a n c e of 6 0 R
at a frequency of a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 4644 Hz
b 5472 Hz

c 6200 Hz
d 7958 Hz

A coil with a reactance of 1200 at a


frequency of 1 k H z h a s an i n d u c t a n c e in
henrys of a p p r o x i m a t e l y

5.48

5.49

a
b
c
d

0.191
0.522
0.604
0.822

A coil with a reactance of 5 6 k at a


frequency of 1.5 k H z has an i n d u c t a n c e of
approximately
a 2.62
b 4.81
c 5.94
d 6.04

5.52

5.53

5.54

c 2.65
d 2.98

T h r e e coils h a v i n g i n d u c t a n c e s of 2.4 H,
6 and 7.2 are c o n n e c t e d in series. T h e
overall inductance is

5.51

a
b
c
d

a
b
c
d

4.05
4.15
5.05
6.25

d 0.42

If the coil in Q u e s t i o n 5.51 had 6 0 0 0 turns,


a length of 10 c m a n d d i a m e t e r 0.5 c m , the
inductance would be
a 8.88 m H
b 9.2 m H

5.56

c 10.8 m H
d 11.92 m H

A coil has 120 turns and is w o u n d on a


ferromagnetic b o b b i n . T h e b o b b i n is 4 c m
long a n d 10 m m in diameter. If the core has
a relative permeability of 8 4 0 0 , and the
-7
_ l of free space is taken as 4 X
permeability
H m , the coil inductance is approximately
a 98
b 198
c 240
d 298

If the coil in Q u e s t i o n 5.54 h a d a relative


permeability of 10 0 0 0 , 4 0 0 turns, a length
of 5 c m , a n d a d i a m e t e r of 2 0 m m , the
inductance w o u l d b e a p p r o x i m a t e l y

1.2
3
9
15.6

A coil h a s 2 4 0 turns and is w o u n d o n an airc o r e d b o b b i n 4.5 c m long a n d 0.2 c m in


7 permeability of
diameter. G i v e n that the
free space is 4 n X 10~ H m " ' , the i n d u c tance in m i c r o h e n r y s is

a 0.16
b 0.282
c 0.364

5.55
5.50

A coil has a reactance of 10 k i ) at a


frequency of 6 0 0 H z . T h e i n d u c t a n c e is
approximately
a 0.86
b 1.62

If the coil in Q u e s t i o n 5.51 had 100 turns,


the s a m e d i a m e t e r and w a s 14 c m long, the
inductance in m i c r o h e n r y s w o u l d h a v e
been

a
b
c
d

8.43 m H
12.63 m H
15.72 m H
18.04 m H

If the coil in Q u e s t i o n 5.54 h a d a relative


permeability of 4 5 0 , 2 0 0 turns, a length of
6 c m , and a d i a m e t e r of 2 4 m m , the i n d u c tance in m i c r o h e n r y s w o u l d b e a p p r o x imately
a 170
b 190
c 210
d 230

Inductors
5.57

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three i n d u c t a n c e s c o n nected in series. T h e overall i n d u c t a n c e is


a 18 H

5.62

T h e voltage V in Q u e s t i o n 5.60 is
3
a 30 V
ft 5 0 V
c 60 V
d 75 V

5.63

T h e current after 12 s in Q u e s t i o n 5.60 is


a 170 A
ft 180 A
c 190 A
d 200 A

5.64

T h e e n e r g y stored in L I
Q u e s t i o n 5.60 is

ft 2 4 H

5.58

c 48 H
d 42 H

Ll>

4H

L 2>

1 2H

L3>

8H

VI

V2

9 V6

V3

T h e current g r 1
o w t h in Q u e s t i o n 5.57 is
a 2 As"1
ft 4 A s " 1
c 9 As" 1
d 12 A s "

5.59

T h e value of V in Q u e s t i o n 5.57 is
3
a 12 V
ft 16 V
c 24 V
d 32 V

5.60

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three i n d u c t a n c e s c o n 1 T h e current g r o w t h is
nected in series.
a 8 As" 1
ft 10 A s " 1

5.65

5.61

VI

L 2 >-

5H

V2

L 3>

2H

1 5V0

V3

T h e voltage V in Q u e s t i o n 5.60 is
2
a 30 V
ft 5 0 V
c 60V
d 75 V

12 s in

T h e energy stored in L 2 after


Q u e s t i o n 5.60 is

12 s in

a 60000
ft 7 2 0 0 0
c 81000
d 90000
5.66

J
J
J
J

J
J
J
J

T h e e n e r g y stored in L 3 after
Q u e s t i o n 5.60 is

12 s in

a 26400 J
ft 2 8 4 0 0 J

5.67

3H

after

a 34000
ft 3 6 0 0 0
c 40000
d 48600

c 15 A s " 1
d 20 A s"

Li>

33

c 30400 J
d 32400 J

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three inductors connected in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d inductance


is
a 1.2 H
ft 2.4 H
c 9.6 H
d 12.4 H

L 1 > 6H

/ j ^l

L 2 > H4

/ f2 l

L3>2H
.4

/ j Ps

102 V

34
5.68

Inductors
T h e current g r o w t h in L I in Q u e s t i o n 5.67
1
is
a 5 As" 1

5.72

b 10 A s " 1
c 20 A s "1
Ud
22 A s "
5.69

T h e current g r o w t h in L 2 in Q u e s t i o n 5.67
1
is
a 30 A s " 1
b 34 A s " 1
c 40 A s " 1

5.70

5.71

d 50 A s "

T h e current g r o w t h in L 3 in Q u e s t i o n 5.67
1
is
a 30 A s " 1
b 40 A s " 1
c 50 A s " 1

5.73

b 160 A

c 190 A
d 200 A

T h e current in L 3 in Q u e s t i o n 5.67 after 5 s


is

a 100 A
b 150 A
c 200 A

d 250 A

5.74

T h e e n e r g y stored
Q u e s t i o n 5.67 is
a 900 J
b 1100 J
c 1200 J
d 1400 J

5.75

T h e total e n e r g y stored after


circuit in Q u e s t i o n 5.67 is
a 4000 J

d 60 A s "

T h e total current g r o w t h in the circuit in


Q u e s t i o n 5.67 is1
a 40 A s " 1
b 60 A s " 1
c 80 A s " 1
d 100 A s"

T h e current in L 2 in Q u e s t i o n 5.67 after 5 s


is
a 150 A

b 6000 J
c 7000 J
d 8000 J

after

1 s in L I

in

1 s in the

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits

6.1

In the d i a g r a m the t i m e constant is


a 47 ms

6.6

ft 4 7 8
c 0.47
d 470 ms

In the d i a g r a m the t i m e constant is


a 0.6 m s
b 64 ms

c 1.6 s
d 16

3.01 4700R

6.2

5R

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 6.1 are


5 a n d 100 k O , the t i m e c o n s t a n t is
a 0.5
ft 5 m s
c 0.5 m s
d 0.5 s

6.3

6.7

a 2.5 s
ft 25 m s

If t h e c o m p o n e n t v a l u e s in Q u e s t i o n 6.1 are
4 7 n F a n d 1 , the t i m e constant is
a 4.7 m s
ft 4 7 m s
c 470 8
d 470 s

6.4

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 6.1 are


10 p F and 2 M i l , the t i m e constant is
a 20 ms
ft 2 0 0 m s
c 20 8
d 200

6.5

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 6.1 are


8 0 0 p F a n d 5 M i l , t h e t i m e c o n s t a n t is
a 4 ms
ft 4 0 m s
c 4
d 400 8

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 6.6 are


0.075 a n d 2 5 0 , the t i m e constant is

c 250
d 300

8
8

6.8

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 6.6 are


6 0 m H a n d 3 0 0 , the t i m e constant is
a 0.2 m s
ft 2.2 m s
c 3.6 8
d 300

6.9

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 6.6 are


9 m H a n d 3 , the t i m e constant is
a 3 s
ft 3 m s
c 3
d 3 ns

36
6.10

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits


If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 6.6 are

6.16

6.11

current at t = 0 s is

a - 2 4 mA

c 4 0 0 ns

d 4 s

ft - 4 8

In the d i a g r a m the time constant is

c - 6 0 mA

d -100

a 1 ms
Q b 1

capacitor

circuited t h r o u g h the 5 0 0 - k O resistor. T h e

a 40 ms

U b

The diagram shows a charged

d i s c o n n e c t e d from a 2 4 - V supply and short-

84 m H and 2 1 0 kil, the t i m e constant is

0,5

e l s
d 10 s
1

500k0

1M0
mu

H
=Z h> n
rHI K C
6.17

5
50 V

6.12

6.13

a -0.06 mA
ft - 0 . 7 2 m A

In Question 6.11 the current at t - 0, i.e. the


instant of switching on, is

a
b
c
d

50 m A
500
100 m A
50

6.18

a 0.92
b 1.62 m A

c 7.3 m A
d 8.16

In Q u e s t i o n 6.11 the capacitor voltage after


2 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 15
ft 36
c 43
d 49

6.15

d 10.22 V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.16 the voltage across the


resistor at t = 1 s is approximately
a -10.44 V
ft - 6 . 2 6 V
c -0.92 V
d -0.44 V

V
V
V V

In Question 6.11 the voltage across


resistor after 3 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 36.24 V
ft 18.81 V
c 6.92 V
d 2.49 V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.16 the capacitor voltage at t =


1 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

6.19
6.14

c -0.88
d -1.22

a 0.44 V
ft 0.82 V
c 1.64 V

T h e current in Q u e s t i o n 6.11 after 4 s is


approximately

In Q u e s t i o n 6.16 the current flowing at t =


1 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

the

6.20

In Q u e s t i o n
4 s is
a 2.7
ft 4.3
c 3.6
d 4.2

6.16 the capacitor voltage at t =

6
"

X 1 0 ^2 V
"3 V
X 10"

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits


6.21

In the d i a g r a m the t i m e constant is

6.26

a 25 m s

b 250 ms

c 25

d 250

\LS

0,025

IkO

IICZJ-N

30

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a c h a r g e d capacitor
d i s c o n n e c t e d from a 125-V supply a n d
short-circuited t h r o u g h the l - k f t resistor.
T h e current at t = 0 s is

a -50 mA

b -75 mA
c -100 mA

d -125 mA

0 . 0 2 5 Fu

rHhH

6.22

In Q u e s t i o n 6.21 the current at t = 0 s, i.e.


the instant of s w i t c h i n g on, is
a 30 m A

6.23

b 60 m A
c 120
d 180

In Q u e s t i o n 6.21 the capacitor voltage at t 5 0 8 is

a
b
c
d

16.28
21.32
25.94
28.86

V
V
V
V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.21 the voltage across


resistor at t = 7 5 8 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

6.25

a
b
c
d

1.12
1.49
6.33
7.94

In Q u e s t i o n 6.26 the capacitor voltage at t =


25 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 45.98 V
b 66.1 A V
c 100.6 V
d 110.76 V

6.28

In Q u e s t i o n 6.26 the capacitor voltage at t =


5 0 8 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 120.61 V
b 75.54 V
c 16.92 V

6.29

V
V
V
V

b 29.45 V
c 15.66 V
d 12.88 V

Hi

d 9.34 V

the

In Q u e s t i o n 6.21 the capacitor voltage at t =


100 8 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 16.34 V

10K

6.27

6.24

37

In Q u e s t i o n 6.26 the voltage across the


resistor at t = 7 5 8 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

6.30

a
b
c
d

-4.31 V
-6.22 V
-12.98 V
-20.67 V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.26 the current at t = 100 8 is


approximately
a -100.42 mA

b -66.33 mA
c -40.26 mA
d -2.29 mA

38
6.31

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits


6.36

In the d i a g r a m the t i m e constant is

4ms

ft 4 0 m s
c 400 ms
d 4 0 \LS
200 200R

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a c h a r g e d capacitor
d i s c o n n e c t e d from a 125-V supply and
short-circuited t h r o u g h the 2 0 0 - resistor.
T h e current at t = 4 0 m s is approximately

a -230 mA
b -400 mA
c -470 mA

d -560 mA

- 1
125 V

200 ? 200R

|IICZZr-n

6.32

In Question 6.31 the current at the instant of


switching on, t = 0 s, is
a 200 m A
b 225 m A
c 625 m A

6.33

In Q u e s t i o n 6.31 the capacitor voltage at t =


4 0 m s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
V
V
V
V

6.35

6.38

a
ft
c
d

the

V
V
V
V

4.82 V
6.22 V
10.54 V
20.62 V

6.39

In Q u e s t i o n 6.36 the voltage across the


resistor at t = 160 m s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a -2.29 V
ft - 4 . 3 9 V
c -7.48 V
d -8.36 V

6.40

In Q u e s t i o n 6.36 the current at / = 2 0 0 m s is


approximately
a -1.5 mA
ft - 3 . 4 m A
c -4.2 mA
d -6.8 mA

V
V
V
V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.31 the current at t = 2 0 0 m s is


approximately
a 2.4 m A
ft 4.2 m A
c 6.6 m A
d 10.3 m A

12.5
13.6
14.2
16.9

In Q u e s t i o n 6.36 the capacitor voltage at t 120 m s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y


a
ft
c
d

In Q u e s t i o n 6.31 the voltage across


resistor at t = 8 0 m s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 16.9
ft 28.8
c 46.2
d 50.6

In Q u e s t i o n 6.36 the capacitor voltage at t


8 0 m s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

d 800 m A

a 14
ft 28
c 66
d 79

6.34

6.37

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits


6.41

In the d i a g r a m the t i m e constant is

6.46

a 0.25 s

ft 0.5 s

ft 4 s

In the d i a g r a m the t i m e constant is

a 2.2 s
c 0.2 s

c 1.0 s

d 0.4 s

d 1.5 s

- 4 5

10R

6.42

6.43

6.44

In Q u e s t i o n 6.41 the current at the instant of


switching on, t = 0 s, is

b 4 A

c 10 A
d 14 A

In Q u e s t i o n 6.41 the voltage across


inductor at / = 0 is

the

6.47

6.48

a 2.6 A

ft 10.3 A
c 14.4 A
d 20.5 A

In Q u e s t i o n 6.46 t h e current at t = 2.0 s is


approximately
a 25.22 A

a 0 V

ft

c 22.5 V
d 45 V

ft 2 2 . 4 8 A
c 19.41 A

In Q u e s t i o n 6.41 the voltage across


resistor at t = 0 is

the

6.49

T h e voltage across the inductor in Q u e s t i o n


6.41 at = 1.2 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1.61 V
ft 2.24 V
c 3.82 V
d 30.96 V

d 16.36 A

In Q u e s t i o n 6.46 the voltage across


inductor at t = 1.0 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

6.50

In Q u e s t i o n 6.46 the current at t = 1.0 s is


approximately

10 V

200

12R 7

a 45 V
ft 2 0 V
c 2 V
J 0 V

6.45

39

a
ft
c
d

the

27 V
123 V
162 V
193 V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.46 the voltage across the


resistor at t = 1.0 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a
ft
c
d

102
121
173
182

V
V
V
V

40
6.51

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits


T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a circuit w h i c h h a s b e e n
c o n n e c t e d to a 4 5 - V D C supply until a
steady state h a s b e e n reached. T h e supply is
d i s c o n n e c t e d and a short circuit is p l a c e d
across the n e t w o r k as s h o w n . T h e current at
t = 0 s is

a 10 A
b 5 A

c 4.5 A
d 4.2 A

6.56

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a circuit w h i c h has been


c o n n e c t e d to a 2 0 0 - V supply until a steady
state has b e e n r e a c h e d . T h e supply is
d i s c o n n e c t e d and a short circuit is placed
across the n e t w o r k as s h o w n . T h e current at
t = 0 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 10.44 A

b 10.62 A
c 14.32 A

d 16.67 A

^4H

j H

10R

12R

6.52

In Q u e s t i o n 6.51 the current at t = 0.8 s is


approximately
a 0.2 A
b 0.12 A

6.57

c 0.08 A
d 0.6 A

In Q u e s t i o n 6.56 the current at t = 0.5 s is


approximately
a 2.62 A
b 6.13 A
c 10.44 A

d 15.53 A

6.53

In Q u e s t i o n 6.51 the voltage across


resistor at t = 0.4 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 12.48 V
b 16.55 V
c 20.82 V
d 40.16 V

the

6.58

In Q u e s t i o n
i n d u c t o r at t
a -41
b -40
c -27
d -52

6.54

In Q u e s t i o n 6.51 the voltage across


inductor at t = 0.8 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a -6 V
b -10 V
c -15 V
d -28 V

the

6.59

In Q u e s t i o n 6.56 the voltage across the


resistor at t = 1.5 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 9.96 V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.51 the voltage across


resistor at t = 2.0 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 0.3 V
b 1.3 V
c 2.3 V
d 6.6 V

the

6.55

6.60

6.56 the voltage across


= 1.0 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
V
V
V
V

the

b 12.88 V
c 86.67 V
d 93.42 V

In Q u e s t i o n 6.56 the voltage across the


inductor at t = 2.0 s is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a - 3.66 V
b - 4.02 V
c - 8.06 V
d - 9.33 V

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits


6.61

The

diagram

shows

a circuit

which

is

6.65

suddenly c o n n e c t e d to a 2 5 - V supply. T h e

41

In Q u e s t i o n 6.64 the current after 0.12 s is


approximately

t i m e c o n s t a n t is

a 0.33 A

a 0.02 s

b 0.42 A

b 0.05 s

c 0.81 A

c 0.1 s

d 1.13 A

d 0.15 s
6.66

The

diagram

shows

a circuit

which

is

s u d d e n l y c o n n e c t e d to a 100-V supply. T h e
5

t i m e for the c a p a c i t o r voltage to reach 5 0 V


- 2 5

50R

is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

6.62

a 0.69 s

b 1.21 s

c 1.86 s

d 2.23 s

In Q u e s t i o n 6.61 the t i m e for the current to

1
Il

reach 0.5 A is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

6.63

a 2.3 s

b 4.1 s

c 6.2 s

d 8.8 s

100

In Q u e s t i o n 6.61 the current after 0.2 s is

6.67

a 0.28 A

b 0.43 A

c 0.66 A

d 0.92 A

The

diagram

shows

a circuit

which

is

6.68

for

the

current

to

reach

2 A

a 20 m A

b 60 m A

c 50

d 100

If the capacitor in Q u e s t i o n 6.66 is c h a r g e d

is

voltage

is

discharged

through

the 1- resistor, the t i m e taken for the


voltage to d r o p to 2 0 V is

a 0.15 s

b 0.32 s

c 0.72 s

d 1.45 s

6.69

-100
40R

capacitor

approximately

is

In Q u e s t i o n 6.66 the current flowing w h e n

to 100 V, the supply is r e m o v e d , and the

s u d d e n l y c o n n e c t e d to a 100-V supply. T h e
time

the capacitor voltage is 5 0 V is

approximately

6.64

1M0

a 1.2 s

b 1.6 s

c 2.3 s

d 4.8 s

In Q u e s t i o n 6.68 the current flowing w h e n


the c a p a c i t o r v o l t a g e is 2 0 V is

a 6

b 10

c 16

d 20

42
6.70

Capacitors and inductors in DC circuits


T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a circuit w h i c h is
suddenly c o n n e c t e d to a 9 0 - V supply. T h e
time for the current to reach 3.75 A is
approximately

a 0.11 s
b 0.23 s

c 1.61 s
d 2.62 s

6.73

T h e voltage across the coil in Question 6.72


w h e n the current flowing is 4.69 A is
approximately
a -35 V
b -40 V
c -75 V
d -100 V

6.74

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a circuit w h i c h is
suddenly c o n n e c t e d to a 12-V supply. T h e
t i m e for the current to reach 0.06 A is
approximately
a 2.9 s

V4 H
^ 9 0

12R

tir
6.71

6.72

T h e voltage across the coil in Q u e s t i o n 6.70


w h e n the current is 3.75 A is a p p r o x imately

a -82 V
b -80 V

c -62 V
d -45 V

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a circuit w h i c h is
suddenly c o n n e c t e d to a 150-V supply. T h e
time for the current to reach 4 . 6 9 A is
approximately

a 0.35 s
b 0.92 s

c 1.78 s
d 2.42 s

is
*

cl

6.75

~=r
16R

150

-=b-12

T h e coil voltage in Q u e s t i o n 6.74 w h e n the


current flowing is 0.06 A is approximately
a -4 V
b -6 V
c -8 V

b 0.1 s
2
c 0.015 s
d 3.47 1 0 " s

d -10 V

7.1

Electromagnetism

A c o n d u c t o r c a r r y i n g 5 0 A is at a right a n g l e
to a m a g n e t i c field h a v i n g a density of 0.5 T.
If the c o n d u c t o r length is 1.0 m, the force on
the c o n d u c t o r is
a 25
ft 3 0
c 50
d 70

7.6

ft 2.32
c 4.84
d 9.33
7.7

7.2

If the c o n d u c t o r in Q u e s t i o n 7.1 is 0.2 m


long, the current 2 4 A a n d t h e flux density
1.2 T, the force o n the c o n d u c t o r is
a 2.67
ft 3.41
c 4.32
d 5.76
If the c o n d u c t o r in Q u e s t i o n 7.1 is 0.4 m
long, the current 16 A and the flux density
6 0 mT, the force on the c o n d u c t o r is
a 0.268
ft 0.384
c 0.967
d 1.324

7.5

If the c o n d u c t o r in Q u e s t i o n 7.1 is 8 0 0 m m
long, the current 14 A and the flux density
5 T, the force on the c o n d u c t o r is
a 12
ft 2 4
c 56
d 100
If the force o n a c o n d u c t o r 100 m m long is
1.0 a n d the current in the c o n d u c t o r is
0.5 A , the flux density is
a 1.2
ft 5

c 10
d 20

c 4.68
d 9.68

If the force on a c o n d u c t o r 5 5 m m long is


2 4 0 m N a n d the current is 1000 m A, the
flux density is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 4.36
ft 7.88

7.9
7.4

If the force o n a c o n d u c t o r 0.242 m long is


1.5 a n d t h e current is 0.64 A, the flux
density is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 2.86
ft 3.49

7.8
7.3

If the force o n a c o n d u c t o r 2 4 2 m m long is


0.75 and the current is 6 4 0 m A , the flux
density is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1.67

c 9.02
d 9.98

If a c o n d u c t o r h a s a force of 1.0 exerted


on it w h e n c a r r y i n g a current of 8 A in a
m a g n e t i c field of 5 T, the c o n d u c t o r length
is
a 2.5 m m
ft 2 5 m m
c 250 m m
d 500 m m

7.10

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.9 the force is 2 N , the


current 4 A a n d the flux density 0.2 T, the
c o n d u c t o r length is
a 125 m m
ft 2 5 0 m m

c 2.5 m
d 25 m

44
7.11

7.12

Electromagnetism
If in Q u e s t i o n 7.9 the force is 1.6 N , the
current 6 A and the flux density 1.5 T, the
c o n d u c t o r length is approximately

a 122 m m

ft 178 m m
c 603 m m

d 804 m m

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.9 the force is 1.2 N , the


current 6 A and the flux density 2 0 0 mT, the
c o n d u c t o r length is
a 100 m m
b 10mm

7.13

7.14

c 39 A
d 69 A

7.15

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.13 the c o n d u c t o r is 0.2 m


long, the flux density 2 0 0 m T a n d the force
4 N , the current is
a 1 A
ft 10 A
c 50 A
d 100 A

7.16

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.13 the c o n d u c t o r length is


5 m, the flux density 4 0 0 m a n d the force
2 0 N , the current is
a 10 m A
ft 100 m A

c 1 A
d 10 A

a 0.1 V
c 1.5 V
d 2.5 V

7.18

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.17 the m a g n e t i c field


strength is d o u b l e d , the i n d u c e d E M F is
a 0.7 V
ft 0.8 V
c 1.0 V
d 2.0 V

7.19

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.17 the c o n d-1


u c t o r length is
0.45 m , the velocity 12 m s
and the flux
density
a
ft
c
d

d 1.4 m A

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.13 the c o n d u c t o r is 2 0 0 m m
long, the flux density 5 0 0 m T a n d the force
3.9 N , the current is
a 10 A
ft 12 A

A c o n d u c t o r 100 m m-1 long is m o v i n g with a


velocity of 10 m s
at right angles to a
m a g n e t i c field h a v i n g a flux density of
0.5 T. T h e E M F i n d u c e d in the conductor
is
ft 0.5 V

c 10m
d 1 m

If a c o n d u c t o r 5 m long m o v i n g in a
m a g n e t i c field of 3 has a force of 12
exerted o n it, the current in the c o n d u c t o r
is
a 800 m A
b 60 m A
c 32 m A

7.17

7.20

2 T, the i n d u c e d E M F is
1.9 V
4.4 V
6.2 V
10.8 V

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.19 the c o n d u c t o r length is


doubled, the i n d u c e d E M F is
a 3.8 V
ft 8.8 V
c 12.4 V
d 21.6 V

7.21

If 2 V is i n d u c e d in a c o n d u c t o r 5-1
0 m m long
m o v i n g at a velocity of 5 m s
at right
angles to a m a g n e t i c field, the flux density
is
a 8
ft 10
c 12
d 50

7.22

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.21 the E M F induced is


2 4 V, the c o n d u c t o- r 1length 6 8 0 m m and the
velocity 10 m s , the flux density is
approximately
a 1.22
ft 3.53
c 8.63
d 9.17

Electromagnetism
7.23

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.21 the E M F i n d u c e d is 16

m o v i n g in a m a g n e t i c field of 6 T. T h e

velocity 4 m s " , the flux density is

1 is
c o n d u c t o r velocity

7.25

a 0.1

a 0.1 m s " 1

b 1

b 0.5 m s " 1

c 10

c 0.7 m s " 1

d 100

d 0.8 m s "

If the c o n d u c t o r length in Q u e s t i o n 7.23 is


increased by a factor of 4 , the i n d u c e d E M F
a n d the velocity r e m a i n i n g the s a m e , the
flux density is

a 0.4

b LOT
c 1.25

d 2.5

A v o l t a g e of 4 8 0 m V is i n d u c e d in1 a
c o n d u c t o r m o v i n g at a velocity of 6 m s" in
a m a g n e t i c field of 0.8 T. T h e c o n d u c t o r
length is

7.30

7.31

a 10 m m
b 100 m m

elm

d 10 m

7.27

1 i n d u c e d is
If in Q u e s t i o n 7.25 the voltage
5 0 0 mV, the velocity 4 m s " a n d the flux
density 1.25 T, the c o n d u c t o r length is

a 50 m m
b 500 m m

c 0.1 m
d 1.0 m

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.25 the v o l t a1g e i n d u c e d is


8 0 0 mV, the velocity 8 m s " a n d the flux
density 0.1 T, the c o n d u c t o r length is

7.28

a
b
c
d

a
b
c
d

7.33

0.1 m
0.2 m
0.02 m
0.0025 m

a 6 ms" 1
b 20 m s " 1

c 18 m s 1
"

d 5 ms"

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.29 the c o n d u c t o r length is


4 0 0 m m , the i n d u c e d voltage 5 0 0 m V and
the flux density 5 T, the c o n d u c t o r velocity
1
is
a 2 5 0 m m1
s"
b 2.5 m s "1
c 25 m s " 1
d 50 m s "

A m a g n e t i c flux of 6 0 0 \} acts t h r o u g h a
coil of 1500 turns a n d is r e v e r s e d in 0.5 s.
T h e a v e r a g e v a l u e of the i n d u c e d E M F is

7.34

c 10 m s " 1
d 15 m s "

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.30 the i n d u c e d voltage is


d o u b l e d , the n e1w c o n d u c t o r velocity is

1.0 m
2.0 m
10 m m
5 mm

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.25 the v o l t a1g e i n d u c e d is


5 0 m V , t h e velocity 10 m s " a n d the flux
density 2 T, the c o n d u c t o r length is

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.29 the c o n d u c t o r length is


3 0 0 m m , the i n d u c e d voltage 9 V a n d the
flux density 3 1
T, the c o n d u c t o r velocity is
Q 3 ms"1
b 9 ms" 1

7.32
7.26

6 V is i n d u c e d in a c o n d u c t o r 2 m long

V, the c o n d u c t1o r length 4 0 0 m m a n d the

7.24

7.29

45

a
b
c
d

1.6 V
2.35 V
3.6 V
4.9 V

If the reversal t i m e in Q u e s t i o n 7.33 is


d o u b l e d , the i n d u c e d E M F is

a 3.2 V

b 1.8 V

c 7.2 V

d 9.8 V

46
7.35

Electromagnet! sm
If in Q u e s t i o n 7.33 the flux is 4 6 0 ), the
n u m b e r of turns 4 5 0 and the reversal t i m e
100 m s , the induced E M F is
a 4.14 V

7.36

7.37

7.38

b 2.36 V
c 6.82 V
d 1.22 V

If the reversal time in Q u e s t i o n 7.35 is


halved, the i n d u c e d E M F is

7.41

a
b
c
d

1.68
2.07
8.28
2.44

7.42

V
V
V
V

A coil of 5 0 0 turns is w o u n d o n a w o o d e n
ring h a v i n g a m e a n c i r c u m f e r e n c e of
2 0 0 m m . If the current in the coil is 2 A, the
1
m a g n e t i c field strength
is

a 1000 A m " 1
b 1500 A m " 1

c 2500 A m " 1
d 5000 A m "

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.37 the n u m b e r of turns is


4 0 0 , the c i r c u m f e r e n c e 8 0 0 m m a n d the
1 strength is
current 4 A , the field

a 1000 A m " 1
b 2000 A m " 1

c 3000 A m " 1
d 4000 A m "

7.39

If the n u m b e r of turns in Q u e s t i o n 7.38 is


1
doubled, the field strength
is
a 2000 A m " 1
b 1000 A m " 1
c 4000 A m " 1
d 1500 A m "

7.40

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.37 the n u m b e r of turns is


150, the circumference 9 0 0 m m a n d the
1 strength is
current 6 A, the field
a 1000 A m " 1
b 2000 A m " 1
c 4000 A m " 1
d 6000 A m "

A coil 150 m -1
m in length has a field strength
of 1000 A m
w h e n the current flowing is
15 A. T h e n u m b e r of turns o n the coil is

a 5

b 10
c 25
d 65

-1
If in Q u e s t i o n 7.41 the length
is 2 5 0 m m ,
a n d the current
the field strength 5 0 0 A m
2.5 A, the n u m b e r of turns is

a 12

b 20

c 50
d 100

7.43

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.42 the current is doubled,


the n u m b e r of turns required to give the
s a m e field strength is
a 24
b 25
c 100
d 200

7.44

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.41 the length -1


is 2 0 0 m m ,
the field strength 1100 A m
and the
current 5.5 A , the n u m b e r of turns is
a 14

b 15

c 28
d 40

7.45

T h e current required1 to p r o d u c e a field


strength of 1200 A m " i n a coil of 6 0 0 turns
h a v i n g a m e a n length of 140 m m is
a 0.28 A
b 0.92 A
c 1.86 A
d 2.44 A

7.46

If in Q u e-s t i1o n 7.45 the field strength is


1800 A m , the n u m b e r of turns 9 0 and the
length 100 m m , the current is
a 1.6 A
b 1.8 A
c 2 A
d 2.2 A

Electromagnet! sm 47
7.47

If in-Q u1e s t i o n 7.45 t h e field strength is 1 6 0 0


Am

7.53

, t h e n u m b e r of turns 160 a n d t h e

length 0 . 2 5 m , t h e current is

b 1.53 A

c 1.92 A

d 2.5 A

7.48

7.50

a 1.11 A

If in Q u- e s1t i o n 7.45 t h e field strength is


7 5 0 A m , t h e n u m b e r of turns 2 5 0 0 a n d
the length 3 4 0 m m , t h e current is
a 102 m A

7.49

7.54

a 150 m m

b 300 m m

c 600 m m
d 900 m m

If in Q u e s t i o n 7 . 4 9 t h e n u m b e r of turns is
- 1
2 0 0 , t h e current
8 A a n d t h e field strength
1600 A m , t h e c i r c u m f e r e n c e is

a 280 m m
b 640 m m

c 1000 m m
d 1200 m m

7.55

7.56

A coil h a s 100 turns w o u n d o n a n o n m a g n e t i c former with a c i r c u m f e r e n c e of


5 0 0 m m 2 a n d a cross-sectional area of
6 0 0 m m . If t h e current in t h e coil is 10 A ,
1
the m a g n e t i c field strength
is

7.52

a
b
c
d

2000
2500
6000
7500

Am"1
Am"1
Am"1
Am"

T h e flux density in Q u e s t i o n 7 . 5 1 , g i v e n
1
that-7t h e permeability
of free s p a c e is 4 X
1 0 H m " , is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1.33 m T
b 1.62 m T
c 1.92 m T
d 2.51 m T

d 1.1 \ )

If in Q u e s t i o n 7 . 5 1 t h e n u m b e r of turns is

b 900 m A
c 1.62 A
d 9.22 A

T h e c i r c u m f e r e n c e of a ring h a v i n g 150
turns a n d a current of-1
5 A p r o d u c i n g a field
is
strength of 2 5 0 0 A m

a 1.2 W b
b 1.5 \ )
c 6.1 W b

200, the circumference 2


4 0 0 m m , t h e crosssectional area 2 0 0 m m
a n d t h e current
2 0 A , t h e m a g n e t i c 1field strength is

7.57
7.51

In Q u e s t i o n 7.51 t h e total flux is a p p r o x imately

3350 A m " 1
6200 A m " 1
8500 A m " 1
10000 A m "

T h e flux density
approximately

a 6.39 m T
b 12.57 m T

c 15.62 m T
d 16.44 m T

in Q u e s t i o n

7 . 5 4 is

T h e total flux in Q u e s t i o n 7 . 5 4 is a p p r o x imately

a 2.47 W b
b 4 . 1 1 ^Wb

c 2 . 5 1 pWb
d 6.32 \ ^ )

A coil w o u n d o n a w o o d e n b o b b i_n 1
has a
m a g n e t i c field strength of 2 5 0 0 A m . If the
- 1
total flux is 2 5 \> a n d-7the permeability
of
free s p a c e 4 1 0 H m , t h e crosssectional area of t h e b o b b i n is a p p r o x 2
imately

7.58

a
b
c
d

a
b
c
d

3261mm2
4126 m m 2
7958 m m 2
8600 m m

If in-1
Q u e s t i o n 7.57 the field strength is 2 2 0 0
Am
a n d t h e total flux 3 0 \), t h e crosssectional area is a2p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 4622 m m 2

b 5831mm2
c 6800 m m 2
d 10 8 5 1 m m

48
7.59

7.60

Electromagnetism
If in Q u e-1
s t i o n 7.57 the field strength is
2000 A m
a n d the total flux 2 \ , the
2 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
cross-sectional area

a 240 m m 2
b 796 m m 2

c 850 m m 2
d 900 m m

A coil w o u n d on a plastic former h a s a total


2
flux of 2 0 \xNsfb
and a cross-sectional area
7 p e r m1e a b i l i t y of
of 4 5 0 0 m m . G i v e n that the
free space is 4 1 0 " H m " , the field
1 ately
strength is a p p r o x i m
a 3537 A m " 1
b 4520 A m " 1

7.61

7.62

a
b
c
d

2681
3082
5200
7074

Am"1
Am"1
Am"1
Am"

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.60 the2 total flux is 2.3 \ )


and the area 2 4 0 m m , the field strength is
1
approximately
a 4800 A m " 1
b 7626 A m " 1

c 8100 A m " 1
d 9216 A m "

7.66

7.67

7.68

If a coil h a s a field strength of 2 5 0 0 A m " ,


- 1
and-7the permeability
of free space is 4 X
10
H m , the flux density is a p p r o x imately
a 1.28 m T
b 2.61 m T
c 3.14 m T

7.64

d 5.33 m T

If in- Q1u e s t i o n 7.63 t h e field strength is 4 5 0


A m , the flux density is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 0.57 m T
b 1.12 m T
c 2.88 m T
d 3.06 m T

c 9.05 m T
d 9.94 m T

A coil w o u n d uniformly on a n o n - m a g n e t i c
2 long. T h e crossring has an air g a p 4 m m
sectional area is 2 0 c m . T h e n u m b e r of
a m p e r e turns required to establish a total
flux of 10 m W b in the air g a p , given that the
7
1 of free space equals 4 X
permeability
1 0 " H m " , is a p p r o1x i m a t e l y

a 15 9 1 5 A T " 1
b 17 6 2 2 A T " 1

c 18731 A T " 1

d 19600 A T "

If in Q u e s t i2o n 7.66 the air g a p is 2 m m , the


area 25 c m and the total flux 15 m W b , the
n u m b e r of a m p e r e turns required is
approximately
a 5120
b 6233
c 9549
d 10600

If in Q u e s t i o n 7.66 the air g a p is doubled,


the n u m b e r of a m p e r e turns required is

7.69

a 7.54 m T
b 8.62 m T

1
7.63

If in- Q u1e s t i o n 7.63 the field strength is 6 0 0 0


A m , the flux density is approximately

c 5522 A m " 1
d 6010 A m "

2 flux is 4 0 ^Wb
If in Q u e s t i o n 7.60 the total
and the area is 4 5 0 0 m m , the field strength
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1

7.65

a
b
c
d

Halved
Doubled
Increased b y a factor of 4
D e c r e a s e d b y a factor of 4

A n iron 2ring h a s a cross-sectional area of


1 of 0.2 m and a field
5 0 0 m m , a m e a n length
strength of 2 0 0 A m " . If the coil has 4 0 0
-7
- 1free space is
turns a n d the permeability
of
t a k e n as 4 1 0
H m , the current
required to p r o d u c e a m a g n e t i c flux of
5 5 0 ) is
a 0.06 A
b 0.1 A
c 0.8 A
d 1.3 A

Electromagnetism
7.70

7.71

7.73

T h e flux density in Q u e s t i o n 7.69 is

a 0.9

ft

c 1.1

d 1.2

LOT

7.74

c 2602
d 4377

2
7.72

- 1
If in Q u e s t i o n 7.69 the area is 8 0 0 m m , the
length 0.1 m , the field strength 3 0 0 A m ,
the n u m b e r of turns 5 0 0 a n d the total flux
4 0 0 \>, the flux density is

a
b
c
d

0.5
1.5
2.5
4.5

T h e required current in Q u e s t i o n 7.72 is


a 3 mA
ft 6 m A

T h e relative permeability of the iron in


Q u e s t i o n 7.69 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1553
b 1982

7.75

49

c 60 m A
d 600 m A

T h e relative p e r m e a b i l i t y in Q u e s t i o n 7.72
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 606

ft 7 3 2
c 940
d 1326

If the cross-sectional area2 in Q u e s t i o n 7.72


w a s c h a n g e d to 4 0 0 m m , the flux density
w o u l d then b e
a 0.75
ft 0.85
c LOT
d 1.5

AC circuits

8.1

In the d i a g r a m the current / is


a 0.62 A
b 1.23 A
c 1.59 A
d 2.31 A

0,2 h [

8.5

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.1 the voltage is 140 V


125 H z a n d the current 3 A, the inductance
of the coil is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 0.032 H

b 0.059 H
c 0.62 H
d 0.94 H

g O V

1_J
8.6

8.2

If in Question 8.1 the coil h a s an i n d u c t a n c e


of 0.5 H a n d the input voltage is 6 0 V with
a frequency of 100 H z , the current is

a 0.19 A
b 0.76 A

c 1.34 A
d 2.66 A

8.3

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.1 the inductor is 1.5 H a n d


the current / 4.5 A , the input voltage at a
frequency of 2 0 H z is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 240 V
b 410 V
c 640 V
d 848 V

8.4

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.1 the inductor is 5 5 0 m H


and the current / is 100 m A , the input
voltage at a frequency of 1 k H z is a p p r o x imately
a 128 V
b 346 V
c 624 V
d 860 V

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.1 the voltage is 5 0 V 6 0 H z


a n d the current 7.6 A , the inductance is
a 17.45 m H

b 240.6 m H
c 6.2 H
d 9.7 H

8.7

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.1 the voltage is 12 V, the


current 12.4 A and the inductance 2 4 0 ,
the frequency is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 246 Hz
b 390 Hz
c 484 Hz
d 642 Hz

8.8

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.1 the voltage is 1.6 V, the


current 100 m A a n d the i n d u c t a n c e 100 ,
the frequency is
a 16.823 k H z
b 25.464 kHz
c 40 k H z
d 60 kHz

AC circuits
8.9

In the d i a g r a m the current / is a p p r o x imately

8.14

a 0.2 A
ft 0.8 A

c 1.1 A
d 2.6 A

2 5 uF
I /\

L_

1 40 V

8.15
_J

5 0 Hz

8.10

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.9 the voltage is 2 4 0 V


2 0 0 H z a n d the c a p a c i t a n c e 0.5 , the
current is
a 0.64 A

8.11

8.12

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.9 the c a p a c i t a n c e is 2
a n d the current 0.5 A , t h e v o l t a g e at a
frequency of 6 0 H z is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 663 V

b 748 V

c 820 V
d 915 V

a 4.3
b 5.7

c 10.8
d 12.6

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.9 the c a p a c i t a n c e is 6 8 0 pF,


the current 5 0 0 m A a n d the voltage 1 kV,
the frequency is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 47 kHz
b 86 k H z
c 93 kHz

8.16

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.9 the c a p a c i t a n c e is 150 pF,


the current 2 m A a n d the voltage 2.5 kV, the
frequency is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

8.17

d 117 k H z

a
b
c
d

630
724
849
933

Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series R-L circuit. T h e


current / is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 1.93 A
b 2.16 A
c 3.147 A

d 4.231 A

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.9 the c a p a c i t a n c e is 3.5


a n d the current 1.8 A , the voltage at a
frequency of 130 H z is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

8.13

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.9 the current is 1.6 A a n d


the v o l t a g e 180 V 2 5 0 H z , t h e c a p a c i t a n c e is
approximately

b 0.08 A
c 0.11 A
d 0.15 A

51

a
b
c
d

336
480
630
900

0.12H

V
V
V
V

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.9 the current is 4 . 2 A a n d


the voltage 2 1 0 V 8 0 H z , the c a p a c i t a n c e is
approximately
a 39.8
b 45.2
c 50.3
d 70.7

1 5R

8.18

Lf v

f
1

T h e voltage V
L
approximately
a 88 V
ft 9 3 V
c 106 V
d 142 V

6 Z0 H
1 5 V0

VR

in

Question

8.17

is

52
8.19

AC circuits
T h e voltage V
R in
approximately

Question

8.17

is

8.25

a 47 V
ft 6 9 V
c 83 V

8.20

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.17 the resistance is 10 ,


the i n d u c t a n c e 0.2 H a n d the voltage 120 V
(50 H z ) , the current is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1.22 A

8.21

d 91 V

8.26

ft 1.89 A
c 2.68 A
d 3.21 A

In Question 8.20 the true p o w e r is a p p r o x imately


a 16.8 W

In Q u e s t i o n 8.23
approximately
a 83.2

ft

c 46.6

d 33.1

o <*>%

8.23

- .

a 36
ft 4 5
c 67
d 81

5 0V

VR

2 0 0R

8.27

In Q u e s t i o n 8.26 the circuit i m p e d a n c e is


r
J
.
approximately
a 120
ft 261
c 316
d 498

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.17 the resistance is 15 ,


the i n d u c t a n c e 0.12 a n d the voltage 150 V
(60 H z ) , the circuit i m p e d a n c e is a p p r o x imately
a 19.34
ft 27.68
c 39.33
d 47.66

In Q u e s t i o n 8.23
approximately
a 0.315
ft 0.464
c 0.723
d 0.814

is

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series R-C circuit.


T h e reactive i m p e d a n c e is approximately
a 260
ft 3 1 8
c 473
d 566

8.28

8.29
8.24

angle

V!_J

In Q u e s t i o n 8.20 the circuit p h a s e angle is


approximately

phase

71.7

ft 35.6 W
c 47.8 W
d 60.7 W

8.22

the

the

power

factor

is

In Q u e s t i o n
imately
a 103
ft 119
c 121
d 133

8.26 the current / is approxmA


mA
mA
mA

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.26 the resistance is 100 ,


the capacitance 12 a n d the voltage 6 0 V
( 1 2 0 H z ) , the voltage across the resistor is
approximately
a 40 V
ft 4 5 V
c 50 V
d 55 V

AC circuits
8.30

In Q u e s t i o n 8.29 the v o l t a g e across

the

8.36

capacitor is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

8.31

a 430 m A

b 678 m A

c 30.2 V

c 782 m A

d 44.5 V

d 906 m A

In Q u e s t i o n 8.29 the true p o w e r is a p p r o x imately


a 16.2 W

8.35

a
b
c
d

20.6
24.2
28.2
30.4

is

8.38

VA
VA
VA
VA

In Q u e s t i o n 8.29 the p o w e r factor is

8.34

8.37

b 43.3 W
c 46.6 W
d 55.4 W

In Q u e s t i o n 8.29 the a p p a r e n t p o w e r
approximately

8.33

imately

ft 26.6 V

8.32

T h e current / in Q u e s t i o n 8.35 is a p p r o x -

a 19.8 V

a
b
c
d

0.22
0.44
0.67
0.96

8.39

In Q u e s t i o n 8.29 the circuit p h a s e angle is


approximately

a 24.6

b 47.9
c 55.4
d 60.7

8.40

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series R-L-C
circuit.
T h e circuit i m p e d a n c e is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a
b
c
d

67
96
100
118

0 J : H V
l

~1

8R

t 'L
8 0V
1 0z0 H

VR

53

In Q u e s t i o n 8.35 the true p o w e r is a p p r o x imately

a 1.39 W
b 2.18 W
c 2.67 W

d 3.68 W

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.35 the resistor value is 6 ,


the c a p a c i t a n c e 2 8 0 , the i n d u c t a n c e
0.015 a n d the voltage 110 V (60 H z ) , the
current / is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 10.4 A
b 12.6 A
c 15.5 A

d 19.8 A

In Q u e s t i o n 8.38 the voltage across


resistor is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 31.2 V

b 40.8 V
c 60.6 V
d 92.8 V

In Q u e s t i o n 8.38 the voltage across


inductor is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 42.2 V

b 70.7 V

c 87.5 V
d 99.9 V

the

the

8.41

In Q u e s t i o n 8.38 the voltage across


capacitor is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 150 V
ft 147 V
c 110 V
d 55 V

8.42

In Q u e s t i o n 8.38 the true p o w e r is a p p r o x imately


a 664 W
ft 7 6 2 W
c 900 W
d 1435 W

the

54
8.43

AC circuits
In Q u e s t i o n 8.38 the circuit p h a s e angle is
approximately

8.44

a
b
c
d

50 Hz
120 H z
160 H z
350 Hz

a
b
c
d

36Hz
98 Hz
164 H z
408 Hz

8.48

circuit.

8.52

d 1.79 A

IR

IL

In Q u e s t i o n
imately
a 0.1
b 0.5
c 0.8
d 1.2

a 83.34

b 90.66
c 95.82
d 99.21

T h e circuit p h a s e angle in Q u e s t i o n 8.49 is


approximately
a 20.71
b 26.42
c 33.55
d 45.18

T h e true p o w e r in Q u e s t i o n 8.49 is
a 106 W
b 144 W

c 162 W

d 198 W

T h e total current / in Q u e s t i o n 8.49


approximately
a 1.16 A
b 1.32 A

is

c 1.44 A
d 1.68 A

8.53

T h e reactive p o w e r in Q u e s t i o n 8.49
approximately
a 20.6 VA
b 5 0 . 4 VA
c 6 0 . 2 VA
d 95.5 VA

8.54

T h e a p p a r e n t p o w e r in Q u e s t i o n 8.49 is
approximately
a 120 VA
b 139 VA
c 160 VA
d 173 VA

8.46 the current I

L is a p p r o x -

A
A
A
A

In Q u e s t i o n 8.46
approximately
a 1.42 A
b 1.96 A
c 2.87 A
d 3.49 A

/j\ /

0 4
? .
100 V
56R
500Hz

If the p a r a m e t e r s in Q u e s t i o n 8.46 are R =


100 , L = 0.06 and V = 120 V ( 4 0 0 H z ) ,
the total circuit i m p e d a n c e is approximately

8.51

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a parallel R-L
T h e current I is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
R
a 1.22 A
b 1.48 A
c 1.64 A

8.47

8.50

If a series circuit has an i n d u c t a n c e of 1.4


a n d a capacitance of 14 , the r e s o n a n t
frequency is

8.46

24.1
32.5
40.8
70.7

In a series circuit with an i n d u c t a n c e of


0.0318 H a n d a c a p a c i t a n c e of 3 1 8 , the
resonant frequency is

8.45

a
b
c
d

8.49

the total current /

is

is

AC circuits
8.55

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a parallel R-C
T h e current I is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

circuit.

8.61

a 4.2 A
ft 5.3 A

c 6.8 A
d 7.6 A

IR

N/~IC

_L

/j\ /
210V

8.62

If in Q u e s t i o n 8.55 the p a r a m e t e r s are R =


6 8 , C = 4 5 , V = 180 V ( 4 0 H z ) , the
total c u r r e n t / is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 2.67 A

b 2.98 A
c 3.02 A
d 3.34 A

In Q u e s t i o n 8.61
approximately
a 25.82
b 31.22

8.56

In Q u e s t i o n 8.55 the current I is a p p r o x c


imately
a 1.67 A

8.57

8.58

b 2.48 A
c 3.96 A
d 4.88 A

8.64

In Q u e s t i o n 8.55
approximately

a 3.88 A
b 4.21 A

c 5.77 A
d 6.31 A

the

total

current

is

8.59

In Q u e s t i o n 8.55 the circuit p h a s e angle is


a 43.3
b 60.5
c 68.7
d 75.4

8.60

In Q u e s t i o n
a 555
b 624
c 882
d 900

8.55 the true p o w e r is


W
W
W
W

phase

angle

is

c 37.56
d 60.68

b 6 0 1 VA
c 8 3 0 VA
d 962 VA

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a parallel L-C circuit.


T h e total current / is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 515 m A
b 603 m A
c 728 m A

d 62.38

the

In Q u e s t i o n 8.61 the a p p a r e n t p o w e r is
a 4 8 2 VA

In Q u e s t i o n 8.55 the total circuit i m p e d a n c e


is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 30.42
b 36.39
c 50.81

8.63

55

d 770 m A

\^IC

IL

7\\ I

8.65

In Q u e s t i o n 8.64 the circuit p h a s e a n g l e is


a 30
b 45
c 55
d 90

8.66

In Q u e s t i o n 8.64 t h e true p o w e r c o n s u m e d
Q O W

ft 2 0 W

c 90 W
d 95 W

56
8.67

AC circuits
T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a parallel R-L-C
cuit. T h e current I
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 1.25 A
b 1.88 A

c 2.05 A
d 2.62 A

cir-

8.72

LR

ILR

/ N

8.73

2 5

-L

240V
Z Z 50uF 50Hz
47R

8.68

In Q u e s t i o n 8.67 the current I

c is a p p r o x -

imately

8.69

8.70

2.09
3.11
6.81
7.45

b 2.03 A
c 3.44 A

d 6.81 A

c 7 0 5 VA
d 7 5 8 VA

The
/
cuit.

d i a g r a m s h o w s a parallel R-L-C
S
T h e r e s o n a n t frequency is
a 11.26 H z
b 14.8 H z

cir-

c 20Hz
d 68 Hz

IL

Z 14UF =
140R

the total current /

48.46
55.13
65.83
75.86

In Q u e s t i o n 8.67 the true p o w e r is


a HOW
b 200 W
c 323 W
d 639 W

is
8.74

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 8.73


are R = 2 , L = 1.6 H and C = 3.3 , the
r e s o n a n t frequency is
a 17Hz
b 32Hz
c 44Hz
d 69 Hz

8.75

If the c o m p o n e n t values in Q u e s t i o n 8.73


are R = 4 , L = 1 m H and C = 0.02 , the
r e s o n a n t frequency is
a 16.341 k H z
b 35.582 kHz
c 47.881 kHz
d 58.403 kHz

In Q u e s t i o n 8.67 the circuit p h a s e angle is


approximately
a
b
c
d

b 4 8 7 VA

14

A
A
A
A

In Q u e s t i o n 8.67
approximately
a 1.46 A

8.71

a
b
c
d

In Q u e s t i o n 8.67 the apparent p o w e r is


a 361 VA

9.1

Phasors and transformers

+ jy is called

9.7

a A n exponential number
ft A n o d d n u m b e r
c An even number

9,2

9.3

c An imaginary number

c +1

d An odd number

In the e x p r e s s i o n + /y, /y, the vertical

A n e x p r e s s i o n such as OA = OB + j O C is

9.9

-\
/-1

ft

A r e c t a n g u l a r or cartesian notation

y
c
d -1

eT9 xhn1 p sr iee l sq0 su t i a o


1a +

ft

c-JC

i / -_y

.
.?
T h e e x p r e s s i o n / is equal to
0

ft A t r i g o n o m e t r i c notation
c An argument
d A polar notation

A n e x p r e s s i o n such as OA (cos + j sin ) is


called
a A modulus
ft A t r i g o n o m e t r i c notation
c A polar notation

operator./ is equal to
a
ft

9.6

180 clockwise
180 anticlockwise
9 0 clockwise
9 0 anticlockwise

a A complex number
b A real n u m b e r

called

9.5

a
b
c
d

c o m p o n e n t , is
a A real n u m b e r
ft A n i m a g i n a r y n u m b e r
c An even number
d A complex number
9.4

d A complex number

In the e x p r e s s i o n + jy, JC, the horizontal


c o m p o n e n t , is

T h e operator j rotates a p h a s o r

9.11

-1

T h e e x p r e s s i o n is equal to
a j
-j
c 1
d -1

ft

d An argument

A p h a s o r written as OA / is called
a A polar notation
ft A trigonometric notation
c A rectangular notation
d An exponential

9.12

The expression f
a 1
ft - 1

c j
d -1

is equal to

58

Phasors and transmitters


9.21

- 4 -j3
a
b
c
d

y'23 e x p r e s s e d in polar form is


a 18.67 / 4 5 . 3 2
b 22.34 /50.48
c 26.42 /60.52
d 45/70

9.22

5 / 3 6 . 8 7 e x p r e s s e d in rectangular form is
a 4 + 4j
b 4 -
c 3 +
J 4 +

y'34 e x p r e s s e d in polar form is


a 46.69/46.74
b 50.21 / 5 0 . 4 1
c 60.66 /20.32
J 70.71 / 4 5

9.23

5 7143.13 e x p r e s s e d in rectangular form


is
a - 4 - 7*3
b 4 + 7*3
c - 4 + 7'3
i/ - 4 + 7*5

9.24

5 / - 1 4 3 . 1 3 e x p r e s s e d in rectangular form
is
a - 4 - 7*3
b 4 -7*3
c - 4 + 7*3
d 4 + 7*3

9.25

5 7 - 3 6 . 8 7 e x p r e s s e d in rectangular form
is
a 4 + 7*3
ft 4 - 7*3
c - 4 + 7*3
d - 4 -7*3

9.26

W h e n 2 + 7*3 is a d d e d to 4 - 7 the a n s w e r in
polar form is
a 6.32/18.43
ft 7 . 1 1 / 2 5 . 1 8
c 8.46 / 6 ( T
d 9.22/65.4

9.27

W h e n 4 - 7 is a d d e d to 6 + 7*4 the a n s w e r in
polar form is
a 1.24/45
ft 3 . 3 1 / 6 3 . 2
c 7.44/12.2
d 10.44/16.7

9.13

T h e expression /
a 1
ft - 1
c j
d -j

9.14

13 +

9.15

32 +

9.16

2 0 0 + 7*150 expressed in polar form is


a 190 / 3 Q
b 200/60
c 220 /45.62
d 250 /36.87

9.17

9.18

is equal to

- 4 + 7*3 expressed in polar form is


a 5/-143.13
b 5/143.13
c 4.5 / 1 4 3 . 1 3
d 4.5 / - 1 4 3 . 1 3
- 1 8 + 7*12 expressed in polar form is
a 21.63/146.3
b 33.42 / - 5 0
c 48.69 /120.4
d 63.33 / - 1 1 6

9.19

-2 +

9.20

5 - 7*3 expressed in polar form is


a 4.61 / 3 ( T
b 5.83 / - 3 0 . 9 6
c 6.26 / 6 0 . 3 3
J 6.26 / - 6 0

7 expressed in polar form is


a 2.12/62
b 2.18 / 7 3 . 4 2
c 2.21 / 1 2 0 . 3 1
d 2.24 / l 5 3 . 4 4

e x p r e s s e d in polar form is
5 7143.13
5 /-36.87
5 7-143.13
5 736.87

Phasors and transmitters


9.28

59

W h e n - 2 - j4 is a d d e d to - 3 - j9 the
a n s w e r in polar form is
a 14.6 / - 2 0
ft 15.5 / 1 0 1
c 13.9 7 - 1 1 1
d 21.2/120

9.35

9.29

W h e n 4 0 - j60 is a d d e d to 25 - j50 t h e
a n s w e r in polar form is
a 104.63 / - 3 0
b 127.77/-59.42
c 130.94 7 6 0
d 145.22/45

9.36

W h e n 3 + j5 is subtracted from 4 - j2 the


a n s w e r in polar form is
a 5.41 / 3 5 . 5 1
b 6.32 7 - 6 1 . 4 8
c 7.07 7 - 8 1 . 8 7
d 8.08 / 6 2 . 8 4

9.30

W h e n 2 0 + 7*30 is a d d e d to 4 0 + 76 t h e
a n s w e r in polar form is
a 108.17/56.3
b 62.33 / 4 6 . 2
c 70.61
d 81.12/33.2

9.37

W h e n 10 (30^ is subtracted from 10 / 6 0


the a n s w e r is
a 5.17/135
b 6.81 / 1 2 0
c 7.66/45
J 9.92 7 1 2 0

9.31

W h e n 12 - y45 is a d d e d to 18 + 76 the
a n s w e r in polar form is
a 12.68 / 6 0 . 3
b 15.672/43
c 33.54 / 2 6 . 5 7
d 25.3 / 3 0

9.38

W h e n 2 + is multiplied b y 4 - 7 the
a n s w e r is
a 6 + j6
Q b 3 -j2
c 6 - y'4
d 11 + y l O

9.32

W h e n 4.5 - 7*30 is a d d e d to 5 - 76 the


a n s w e r in p o l a r form is
a 90.5 / - 8 3 . 9 7
b 62.38 / 2 7 . 1
c 75.66 / - 1 8 . 7
d 82.34 / 1 6

9.39

W h e n 6 + j6 is multiplied b y 5 +
a n s w e r is
0
j60
c 6 + j30
d 6 +;60

When 8
in polar
a
b
c
d

+ 76 is a d d e d to 7 - j"25 the a n s w e r
form is
6/-32
38.08 / 6 6 . 8
18 (42^
27 / - 2 0

9.40

W h e n 6 + j4 is subtracted from 4 - j2 the


a n s w e r in polar form is
a 62.3 / - 1 1 0
b 53 /120.68
c 18.54/107
d 6.32 / - 1 0 8 . 4 4

9.41

irr

9.33

9.34

W h e n 4 + j2 is subtracted from 6 + the


a n s w e r in polar form is
a
b
c
d

1.23/68.28
2.24 / 2 6 . 5 7
4.44 /82.87
5.15/-32.2

the

ft

W h e n 2 + j 9 is divided b y 5 - j2 t h e a n s w e r
is
a - 0 . 1 5 + 7'4.2
ft 0.81 + 76.3

c 0.96 + 7.73

d - 0 . 2 7 6 + yT.69

W h e n 1 - is divided b y 7 - the a n s w e r
is

a 0.297 -7.26

ft 0.622 + 7.8
c 1.6 + 7I.8

d 2.42 + 7I.89

60
9.42

Phasors and transmitters


T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an ideal transformer. If

9.47

s is

9.43

9.48

NpJ

^ Ns

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.42 V = 1600 V, N = 2 0 0 0
p
p
and N = 80, the value of V is

a 640 V
ft 3 2 0 V
c 32 V
d 64 V

9.45

9.46

a 10
300

c 15
d 6000

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.42 V = 12, V = 2 4 0 and N


s
p
p
= 3 0 0 , the n u m b e r of secondary turns N
s
is

c 30

d 300

T h e turns ratio of a transformer that transforms 1500 V to 3 0 V is


a
25:1
ft 1 : 2 5
c 50:1
d 1:50

9.50

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an ideal transformer
with a resistive load. If the p r i m a r y has 2 0
turns, the n u m b e r of turns on the secondary
is

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.42 V = 7 2 mV, N = 145


s
p
and N = 2 9 0 , the input voltage V is
s
p
a 14 m V
ft 36 m V
c 100 m V
d 144 m V

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.42 V = 5 0 mV, N = 2 5 0 0
s
p
and N = 125, the input voltage Vp is
s
a 0.1 V
ft 1.0 V
c 2.0 V
d 10.0 V

a 15
ft 150

9.49

ft 6.25 V
c 8.25 V
d 9.25 V

9.44

V
s

If in Question 9.42 V = 2.5 V, N = 4 5 a n d


p
p
N = 2 2 . 5 , the value of V is
s
s
a 1.25 V

ft

2 4 0 0 , the output voltage from the s e c o n d a r y

Vp

N is

p is 2 4 0 , and the
s is

of turns o n the p r i m a r y N

n u m b e r of turns on the secondary N

a 3.6 V
ft 36 V
c 360 V
d 240 V

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.42 V, = 4 0 0 V, V = 2 0 V
a n d N = 3 0 0 , the n u m b e r of p r i m a r y turns

the p r i m a r y voltage V is 36 V, the n u m b e r

a 2
ft 2 0

c 200
d 2000

3 6 0V

9.51

In Q u e s t i o n 9.50 the reflected resistance is


a 10
ft 2 0
c 100
d 2000

Phasors and transmitters


9.52

9.53

9.58

In Q u e s t i o n 9.50 the p r i m a r y current is


a 1.8 A

b 3.6 A

c 7.2 A

d 8.4 A

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a transformer with a
source resistance R a n d a load resistance
s
R . T h e turns ratio required to m a t c h the
L
load to the source is

a 2
b 4

c 8
d 20

In Q u e s t i o n 9.50 the s e c o n d a r y current is

a 0.12 A
b 0.24 A

c 0.36 A
d 6.4 A

I '

3o?2R

' I

If the circuit in Q u e s t i o n 9.50 h a d

b 90

c 180
d 18

9.59

r u

In Q u e s t i o n 9.54 the reflected resistance is


a 10 kX
b 20 k i

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.58 the source resistance is


5 0 0 a n d t h e l o a d resistance 5 , t h e turns
ratio required for m a t c h i n g is
a 10
b 12

9.60
9.55

m a t c h e d to a 2 0 - load. If the
n u m b e r of s e c o n d a r y turns is 4 0 0 , the
n u m b e r of 0ap r i m7a r y 5turns is

0 8

c 100
d 200

In Q u e s t i o n 9.54 the p r i m a r y current is


a 12 m A
b 120 m A
c 1.2 A
d 12 A

c 14
d 24

A 0transformer
s i with a s o u r c e resistance
2 0 of

9.56

4R8

the

p a r a m e t e r s V = 2 4 0 V, V = 12 V, N = 3 6 0
p
s
p
a n d R = 5 0 , the n u m b e r of s e c o n d a r y
L
turns is
a 9

X
RL

9.54

61

9.61

*
c
J

1100
1265

In the d i a g r a m the p r i m a r y current is


a 1.28 A
b 1.94 A
c 2.76 A
d 4.43 A
Rs

9.57

In Q u e s t i o n
a 120
b 240
c 480
d 960

9.54 the s e c o n d a r y current is


mA
mA
mA
mA

- ?

6V0

6 0 ? & 0 T

RR V

6 90 00

62
9.62

9.63

Phasors and transmitters


In Q u e s t i o n 9.61 the s e c o n d a r y current is
a 0.194 A

ft

c 2.831 A
d 3.32 A

9.65

1.26 A

a
b
c
d

88 W
100 W
106.2 W
113.1 W

In Question 9.61 the p o w e r dissipated in R


L
is
a 1.2 W

b 2.7 W
c 3.4 W

d 3.9 W

A 4 0 0 - k V A , 8 0 0 0 - V / 2 0 0 - V transformer h a s
100 turns on the s e c o n d a r y w i n d i n g .
A s s u m i n g an ideal transformer, the m a x i m u m permissible p r i m a r y current is

9.66

9.70

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.68 the p a r a m e t e r s are input


voltage = 100 V ( 5 0 H2z ) , output voltage =
5 0 0 V, area = 12 c m and flux density =
0.4 T, the n u m b e r of p r i m a r y turns is
a 640

9.71

9.72

In Q u e s t i o n 9.65 the n u m b e r of p r i m a r y
turns is

a
ft
c
d

500
1000
2000
4000

9.73

ft 9 3 8
c 1120
d 1438

In Q u e s t i o n 9.68 the n u m b e r of secondary


turns is

a 2481
ft 3 1 2 2

c 4690
d 6300

If in Q u e s t i o n 9.68 the p a r a m e t e r s are input


voltage = 2 4 0 V 2
( 1 5 0 H z ) , output voltage =
2 4 V, area = 8 c m a n d flux density = 0.04 T,
the n u m b e r of p r i m a r y turns is
a 10000
ft 1 0 4 0 0
c 11261

9.67

2800
3800
4700
6300

In Q u e s t i o n 9.68 the n u m b e r of secondary


turns is
a 900
ft 4 0 0
c 300
d 100

c 50 A
d 80 A

In Q u e s t i o n 9.65 the m a x i m u m p e r m i s s i b l e
secondary current is
a 1000 A
ft 2 0 0 0 A
c 1500 A
d 200 A

a
ft
c
d

9.69

a 10 A
ft 4 0 A

A transformer is c o n n e c t e d to a 140-V
( 1 0 0 - H z ) supply a n d the output voltage is
2 0 V. T h e transformer2 c o r e h a s a crosssectional area of 5 c m a n d the m a x i m u m
flux density is 0.1 T. T h e n u m b e r of primary
turns is

In Question 9.61 the p o w e r dissipated in R


s
is

9.64

9.68

14623

In Q u e s t i o n 9.72 the n u m b e r of secondary


turns is
a 820
ft 9 4 0
c 1000
d 1126

Phasors and transmitters


9.74

A transformer has an input voltage of 15 V

2 is 7 5 0 V.
( 2 0 0 H z ) a n d the output voltage
T h e area of the c o r e is 6 c m

a n d the flux

density is 0.3 T. T h e n u m b e r of s e c o n d a r y
turns is

9.75

A transformer h a s a 200-turn p r i m a r y
w i n d i n g . If 2 4 0 V is applied to the w i n d i n g
a n d the m a x i m u m flux is 5 m W b , the
frequency of the applied voltage is

b 4692

c 5500

d 6700

a 3822

63

a 54 Hz
b 78Hz
c 84Hz
d 91 H z

10

10.1

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a battery with an
internal resistance r a n d a load resistance
R. T h e terminal voltage b e t w e e n A a n d
is

a 8.5 V
b 9.2 V
c 9.5 V

d 9.95 V

|hH
10

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a battery similar to the


o n e in Q u e s t i o n 1 0 . 1 . T h e value of the
internal resistance r is
a 0.12

10.4

b 0.66
c 0.88
d 0.94

h-

15

0.1R

/?
1

/ 2 5

10.1 = 12 V, r = 0.2 a n d
terminal voltage is
V
V
V
V

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.1 = 100 V, r = 2 a n d
/? = 2 0 0 , t h e terminal voltage is
a 90 V
b 90.5 V
c 99 V
J 99.5 V

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.4 = 2 4 0 V a n d the
current a n d t h e terminal voltage respectively are 10 A a n d 2 2 0 V, the internal
resistance is

10.6
10.3

12

10.5
If in Q u e s t i o n
R = 3 6 , the
a 11.05
b 11.93
c 11.96
d 11.99

/?

1
20R

10.2

O-]H_Z_X>

a
b
c
d

0.5
1
2
3

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.4 = 120 V a n d the


current a n d the terminal voltage respectively are 3 0 A a n d 105 V, the internal
resistance is

a
b
c
d

0.5
0.8
0.9
1.0

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers


10.7

If a battery with an internal resistance of

10.12

0.4 h a s a terminal voltage of 16 V w h e n

An

experiment

similar

to

the

65

one

in

Q u e s t i o n 10.10 g a v e the following data:

delivering 4 A, the E M F is

10.8

a 17.4 V

ft

17.6 V

c 18.2 V

d 18.4 V

b 56.5 V
c 60.8 V
d 62.4 V
10.13

10.9

10.10

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.7 the internal resistance


is 0.8 , the terminal voltage 36 V and the
current 8 A, the E M F is
a 40.3 V
ft 4 2 . 4 V
c AAA V
d 46.2 V

1(A)

96

24

92

28

T h e internal resistance of the battery is


a 1.0
ft 2.5
c 2.6
d 3.0

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.7 the internal resistance


is 1.2 , the terminal voltage 4 8 V and the
current 12 A , the E M F is
a 53.7 V

T h e battery E M F in Q u e s t i o n 10.12 is
a 100 V
ft 120 V
c 125 V

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a battery with four


cells. T h e terminal voltage is
a 3.7 V
ft 3.8 V
c 4.0 V
d 4.2 V

M e a s u r e m e n t s of the terminal voltages and


the currents d r a w n , d u r i n g an e x p e r i m e n t
o n a car battery, g a v e the following data:

/(A)

8
6

d 130 V

0.2R

1.2

0.2R

1.2

0.2R

1,2

0.2R

1,2

10
4R

T h e internal resistance of the battery is


a 0.2
b 0.4
c 0.5
d 0.9

10.11

T h e battery E M F in Q u e s t i o n 10.10 is
a 9.5 V
ft 10 V

c 10.5 V
d 11 V

10.15

If a battery similar to the o n e in Q u e s t i o n


10.14 has six cells, e a c h with an E M F of
2.4 V a n d internal resistance of 0.04 ,
c o n n e c t e d to a 12- load, the terminal
voltage is

a
ft
c
d

12.06
12.12
13.64
14.12

V
V
V
V

66

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers

10.16

10.17

If a battery similar to the o n e in Q u e s t i o n


10.14 has five cells, e a c h with an E M F of
2 V and internal resistance of 0.1 ,
c o n n e c t e d to a 16- load, the terminal
voltage is

a 9.6 V
b 9.7 V
c 9.8 V

d 9.9 V

10.20

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series-parallel
a r r a n g e m e n t of battery cells. T h e current /
is
a 2.67 A
b 3.33 A
c 3.74 A
d 4.33 A

A
h,

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three cells c o n n e c t e d
in parallel to a load R . T h e terminal
L
voltage is

a
b
c
d

10.55
10.98
11.25
11.85

\/ /

11

10 V

'

>
5

R, 20 0

[J

1
10R

10.21

|ic=3
R 0 6

6R
'
'
RL

6R

L_CZJ
3R

10.22

10.18

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.17 there are four 6-V


cells, each with a resistance r of 0.4 ,
c o n n e c t e d to a 10- load, the terminal
voltage is
a 4.62 V
b 5.94 V
c 4.87 V
d 5.26 V

10.19

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.17 there are five 5 0 - V


cells, e a c h with an internal resistance r of
0.5 , c o n n e c t e d to a 10- load, the
terminal voltage is
a 40.5 V
b 43.5 V
c 45.5 V
d 49.5 V

10.23

IH
,

1 R1,

V5

In Q u e s t i o n 10.20 the terminal voltage of


batteries A a n d is
a 7.82 V
b 8.86 V

12V

12V

=
R
0 n,

10 V

V
V
V
V

12V

c 9.33 V
d 9.93 V

In Q u e s t i o n 10.20 the terminal voltage of


battery C is

a 15.98 V
b 16.22 V

c 16.51 V
d 17.33 V

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series-parallel
a r r a n g e m e n t of battery cells. T h e current /
is
a 4.41 A
b 5.63 A
c 6.82 A
d 8.44 A

2R5
X/ /

40 V

'
1

10R

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers


10.24

In Q u e s t i o n 10.23 the terminal voltage of


batteries A and is
a 30.16 V

10.29

In Q u e s t i o n 10.28 the c h a r g i n g current


w h e n the battery voltage h a s risen to 27 V
is
a 4.96 A
ft 5.16 A
c 5.55 A
d 6.67 A

10.30

A 2 4 - V battery with an internal resistance


of 0.3 is c o n n e c t e d to a 3 0 - V c h a r g e r
with an internal resistance of 0.15 . It is
a r e q u i r e m e n t to limit the initial c h a r g i n g
current to 10 A b y including a series
resistor in the charger. T h e value of this
resistor is

ft 3 3 . 2 8 V

10.25

c 35.16 V

d 39.06 V

In Q u e s t i o n 10.23 the terminal voltage of


battery C is
a 16.12 V
b 17.19 V
c 19.12 V
d 19.87 V

10.26

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a battery c h a r g e r
recharging a secondary cell. At switch-on,
the initial c h a r g i n g current is
a 10 A
ft 11 A
c 12 A
d 13 A

a 0.06
ft 0.15
c 0.85

10.31

+C > ^ h 4 Z I _ r - 0

12 V 0.1R
I

a+ -

67

In Q u e s t i o n 10.30 u s i n g the series resista n c e the v a l u e of the c h a r g i n g current


w h e n the battery voltage h a s risen to 28 V
is
a 2.16 A
ft 2.42 A

Ocz>^o

d 1.25

c 2.67 A
d 3.33 A

15 V 0,2R
10.32
10.27

In Q u e s t i o n 10.26 the c h a r g i n g current


w h e n the battery voltage has risen to
13.5 V i s
a 3
ft 4
c 5
d 6

10.28

A
A
A
A

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.26 a 3 0 V c h a r g e r is u s e d
with an internal resistance of 0.15 a n d
the battery has an internal resistance of 0.3
and a voltage of 2 4 V, the initial
charging current is

a
ft
c
d

10.67
13.33
15.67
17.33

A
A
A
A

A battery consists of 5 0 cells, e a c h in


series with an E M F of 2.5 V w h e n fully
charged. T h e internal resistance of e a c h
cell is 0.01 . If the voltage of e a c h cell
h a s fallen to 2.0 V, the c h a r g e r voltage
n e e d e d to fully c h a r g e the battery is

10.33

a
ft
c
d

115
125
130
135

V
V
V
V

In Q u e s t i o n 10.32, given that the internal


resistance of the c h a r g e r is 1.0 , the
initial c h a r g i n g current is
a 13.33 A
ft 14.85 A
c 16.67 A
d 20.45 A

68

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers

10.34

10.35

10.36

In Q u e s t i o n 10.32 the c h a r g i n g current


w h e n the E M F of each cell has risen to
2.4 V is
a 3.3 A
ft 4.6 A
c 6.1 A
d 6.5 A

A battery consists of 5 0 1.5-V cells, e a c h


with a resistance of 0.01 i l . T h e voltage of
each cell has fallen to 1.25 V. It is a
r e q u i r e m e n t to c h a r g e the battery at a
constant current of 2 A from a c h a r g e r with
an internal resistance of 1.5 . T h e applied
voltage at the c o m m e n c e m e n t of c h a r g e
is

a 60.5 V
b 63.8 V

c 66.5 V
d 70.4 V

10.39

a 82.3%
ft 8 5 . 7 %

10.38

a
ft
c
d

108.32
120.67
130.33
135.15

V
V
V
V

d 92.6%

10.41

A battery is fully c h a r g e d by a constant


current of 5 A flowing for 15 hours. T h e
a v e r a g e c h a r g i n g voltage is 1.6 V. It is
d i s c h a r g e d at a constant current of 4 A
flowing for 2 0 hours. If the average
terminal voltage during discharge is 1.4 V,
the watt-hour efficiency is
a 79.68%
ft 8 2 . 4 4 %
c
S7.61%
d 93.33%

10.42

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a half-wave rectifier
circuit c o n n e c t e d to a 2 4 0 - V m a i n s supply.
If the p e a k voltage output from the rectifier is 5 0 V, the p e a k current is
a 0.1 A
ft 0.5 A
c 0.6 A
d 0.8 A

d 79 V

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.35 the battery consists of


4 4 2 - V cells, each with an internal resistance of 0.12 , and the voltage of e a c h cell
has fallen to 1.8 V, and it is a r e q u i r e m e n t
to c h a r g e the battery at a constant current
of 4 A from a charger h a v i n g an internal
resistance of 2 , the applied voltage at the
c o m m e n c e m e n t of c h a r g e is

c 90.1%

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.39 the charging current is


18 A over 2 0 h o u r s a n d the discharge
current is 12 A o v e r 19 h o u r s , the a m p e r e h o u r efficiency is
a 60.13%
ft 6 1 . 6 7 %
c 63.33%
d 70.13%

a 70 V
ft 71 V
c 74V

10.37

10.40

In Q u e s t i o n 10.35 the applied voltage at


the e n d of c h a r g e is

A battery is c h a r g e d with a constant


current of 14 A for 10 hours. It is
discharged at the rate of 12 A for 10 hours.
T h e a m p e r e - h o u r efficiency is

In Question 10.37 the applied voltage at


the e n d of c h a r g e is

a
ft
c
d

101.69
103.18
105.16
117.12

V
V
V
V

L
2 4 0V

<V

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers


10.43

In Q u e s t i o n 10.42
approximately

the

DC

current

is

a 159 m A
ft 172 m A

c 188 m A

c 69.84 V

d 200 m A

d 75.33 V

In Q u e s t i o n
a 170
b 200
c 250
d 260

10.45

In Q u e s t i o n 10.42 the D C voltage across


R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
L
a 15.9 V

10.42 the r.m.s. current is


mA
mA
mA
mA

ft 6 3 . 6 6 V

10.51

In Q u e s t i o n 10.47 the r.m.s. voltage across


R is
L
a 10 V
ft 85 V
c 90 V
d 100 V

10.52

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a full-wave rectifier
circuit c o n n e c t e d to a 2 4 0 - V m a i n s supply.
If the p e a k output voltage from the rectifier is 5 0 V, the p e a k current is

b 16.8 V
c 17.3 V
d 18.6 V

In Q u e s t i o n 10.42 the r.m.s. voltage across


R is
L
a 18 V
ft 2 0 V

10.47

In Q u e s t i o n 10.47 the D C voltage across


R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
L
a 50.14 V

10.44

10.46

10.50

c 22 V
d 25 V

If in a circuit identical to the o n e in


Q u e s t i o n 10.42 the p e a k voltage is 2 0 0 V
a n d R is 6 0 0 , the p e a k current is
L
a 293 m A
ft 3 3 3 m A

In Q u e s t i o n 10.47 t h e D C current is
a 94 m A
ft 9 8 m A
c 106 m A
d 121 m A

10.49

In Q u e s t i o n
a 167
ft 183
c 192
d 220

10.47 the r.m.s. current is


mA
mA
mA
mA

a
ft
c
d

0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0

A
A
A
A

JC

2 4 0V

< -]

<> I

*Hr

-L
L R

10.53

In

Question

1 0R0

=r

10.52 the

DC

current

is

approximately

a 210 m A

ft 2 6 0 m A
c 318 m A
d 350 m A

c 400 mA
d 500 m A

10.48

69

10.54

In Q u e s t i o n 10.52 t h e r.m.s. current is


approximately
a 300 m A
ft 3 5 4 m A
c 386 m A
d 400 mA

10.55

In Q u e s t i o n 10.52 the D C voltage across


R is
L
a 31.83 V
ft 3 5 . 6 3 V
c 39.12 V
d 40.16 V

70

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers

10.56

In Q u e s t i o n 10.52 the r.m.s. voltage across


R is

10.57

10.58

a 30.22 V
b 35.36 V
c 38.12 V

d 40.61 V

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.52 the p e a k voltage is


6 4 V a n d R is 3 2 0 i l , the D C current is
L
approximately

a 105 m A

b 110 m A
c 127 m A

d 160 m A

In Q u e s t i o n 10.57 the r.m.s. voltage across


R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
L
a 37.64 V
b 38.34 V

10.59

a
b
c
d

I '

8.61
9.52
9.78
9.93

a 220
b 270
c 330

d 390

10.62

In Q u e s t i o n 10.61 the p o w e r dissipated in


the series resistor is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 6.31 W
b 6.82 W
c 7.27 W
d 7.94 W

10.63

If the load resistance in Q u e s t i o n 10.61 is


d o u b l e d a n d the d i o d e current is 2 0 m A ,
the value of the series resistor R is

10.64

231
246
260
387

In Q u e s t i o n 10.63 the p o w e r dissipated in


R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a
b
c
d

a 3.91 W
b 4.13 W

c 4.67 W
d 5.12 W

Rs

1 2V

10.60

If the p a r a m e t e r s of the circuit in Question


10.59 are input voltage = 2 4 0 V, output
voltage = 2 0 0 V, load resistance = 1200
a n d the zener d i o d e current = 1 5 m A , the
value of the series resistor R is

c 40.15 V
d 45.25 V

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a voltage regulator.
T h e value of the series resistor R is
s
approximately

10.61

In Q u e s t i o n
R is
s
a 0.24
b 0.33
c 0.42
d 0.81

'
\

10m
A

il

10.65

~1

tVO

5R0

T h e d i a g r a mN s h o w s a voltage regulator.
T h e d i o d e current L is
a 61.67 m A
b 14.33 m A
c 58.62 m A
d 70.31 m A

10.59 the p o w e r dissipated in


W
W
W
W

Rs

2 I V 348 7R

' ,

f
^

!
V

-1 p

4 8R
00

DC supplies, batteries and battery chargers


10.66

If the circuit in Q u e s t i o n 10.65 has input


voltage = 2 8 V, o u t p u t v o l t a g e = 18 V, R
L
= 2 4 0 0 a n d R = 2 0 0 , the d i o d e
s
current is

a 41.2 m A

ft 4 2 . 5 m A
c 46.8 m A
d 48.2 m A
10.67

10.68

a 11.21 m A

b 12.48 m A
c 14.67 m A
d 15.84 m A

10.73

A z e n e r d i o d e stabilizing circuit is operated with an input voltage of 2 4 V a n d a


d i o d e current of 10 m A , to p r o v i d e 12 V
across a l o a d of 1800 . T h e v a l u e of the
series resistor is
a
b
c
d

720
780
810
900

If the input voltage in Q u e s t i o n 10.70


increases to 16 V, the d i o d e current is

a 19.18 m A

b 21.63 m A
c 23.41 m A

d 28.67 m A

If the p a r a m e t e r s of the circuit in Q u e s t i o n


10.70 are input voltage 110 V, output
voltage 100 V, load resistance 4 0 0 0 and
d i o d e current 15 m A , the value of R is

a 250
b 350

c 400
d 480

10.74

If the input voltage in Q u e s t i o n 10.72


increases to 120 V, the d i o d e current is
a 48 m A
b 51 m A

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.68 the input voltage rises


to 25 V, the n e w d i o d e current is a p p r o x imately
a 10.06 m A

10.70

10.72

If the circuit in Q u e s t i o n 10.65 h a s an


input voltage of 3 4 V, an output voltage of
3 0 V, a load resistance of 4 7 0 0 a n d a
series resistance of 180 , the d i o d e
current is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

10.69

10.71

71

c 55 m A
d 62 m A

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a h a l f - w a v e rectifier
circuit u s i n g a 1 0 : 1 s t e p - d o w n transformer. If the input v o l t a g e is 2 4 0 V r.m.s.,
a n d a s s u m i n g n o losses, the p e a k voltage
across t h e l o a d is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 28 V
ft 3 3 V
c 40 V

b 11.39 m A
c 14.48 m A
d 16.67 m A

d 45 V

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a voltage regulator.
T h e value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
s
a 105.38
b 110.14
c 115.38
d 121.63
10.75
Rs
I
1 5V

'

'

20m
A A

~ \

1
1
V2

2 0 R0 0

If in Q u e s t i o n 10.74 the input voltage is


4 1 5 V r.m.s., the p e a k voltage across the
load is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
N
a 51.32 V
ft 5 8 . 6 8 V
c 66.75 V
d 70.68 V

11

11.1

Amplifiers

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the simplest practical


n-p-n transistor amplifier. T h e emitter
current / is

11.5

a 10.06 m A
ft 10.6 m A

c 10.0 m A
d 16.0 m A
11.6
+

? /

V B E = 0 .V6

11.2

11.3

l O nA

VR

a 4 V
b 6 V

c 8 V
d 10 V

VEC

11.7

The
is

122
167
178
200

a
b
c
d

12.1 m A
12.11 m A
12.01 m A
12.001 m A

'~
Rl

? /

5 0R0

4
6
8
10

kil
kil
kil
kil

VR

<~

120 kil
190 k
2 2 0 kil
4 7 0 kil

D C input resistance in Q u e s t i o n 11.1


a
b
c
d

a
b
c
d

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a transistor amplifier
identical t o t h e o n e in Q u e s t i o n 11.1 but
with different p a r a m e t e r s . T h e emitter
current is

In Q u e s t i o n 11.1 the v a l u e of the bias


resistor R is
a
b
c
d

CE

200
400
600
800

j~~

In Q u e s t i o n 11.1 the collector to emitter


voltage V
is

11.4

6 0R0

output resistance in Q u e s t i o n 11.1

T h e D C current gain in Q u e s t i o n 11.1 is

1 2V

Rl

The DC
is
a
b
c
d

V B E = 0 .V5

11.8

p
\

IE

VEC

In Q u e s t i o n 11.7 the collector to emitter


voltage is

a 8 V
ft 10 V
c 11 V
12 V

Amplifiers
11.9

In Q u e s t i o n

11.7 the v a l u e of the bias

11.14

resistor is

11.10

175 k i l

kil
kft

c 210

d 230

In Q u e s t i o n 11.7 the D C input resistance


is

11.15

11.12

11.16

k
kil
c 3 kil
d 4 kil

a 1
2

610

il

c 640

d 788 i l

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an amplifier similar to
the o n e in Q u e s t i o n 11.13. T h e voltage V
CE
is

a 5.97 V
6.9 V
c 9.0 V
d 9.5 V

18V
X

a 85

RI

a 588

In Q u e s t i o n 11.7 the D C current gain is

k
ka
c 7 2 . 8 kil
J 84.1 kil

a 60.6
b 67.5

In Q u e s t i o n 11.13 the D C output resistance


is

a 3 k
b 4kO
c 5 kO
d 6kO

In Q u e s t i o n 11.7 the D C output resistance


is

In Q u e s t i o n 11.13 the value of the bias


resistor R is

11.11

kil

a 160

90
c 100
J 120

0.7 V
11.13

73

60 R

VCE

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a transistor amplifier
with an alternative biasing a r r a n g e m e n t .
is
T h e voltage V

a 6.95
b 7.88
c 8.64
d 9.38

CE

V
V
V
V

+ 20V

In Q u e s t i o n 11.16 the value of the bias


resistor is
a 105.4 kil
b 120 m
c 160 ka
d 4 7 0 kO

11.18

In Q u e s t i o n 11.16 the D C output resistance


is

RI
'

11.17

'

0,6 V

'

l00R

\ / lOmA

VCE

a 2 0 0 il
b 298.5

c 680
d 970

74

Amplifiers

11.19

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s another m e t h o d of
biasing an amplifier. If I is equal to 5 /
{
B
and I = 100 A , the value of R is

a 16
ft 18

T h e value of R

2 in Question 11.21 is

a 2.5 k
ft 4.5 k

kil
kO

c 20 k
d 25 kn

11.22

11.23

1 0 .V
5

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a transistor amplifier
w h e r e I = 8 m A , fl = 8 0 0 , V = 0.5 V
c
L
BE
and I = 4 0 . T h e voltage d r o p across
B
R is

Rl

c 6.2 k
d 7.3 k

a 6.0 V
ft 6.2 V
c 6.4 V
d 7.0 V

0 . 5V

R2

1 2V

3_J

Rl

11.20

In Q u e s t i o n 11.19 the value of R is


2
a 1250
ft 1500

11.21

LR

V CE
V BE

1800
d 1900

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a biasing circuit similar to the o n e in Q u e s t i o n 11.19, w h e r e /


B
= 5 0 , V B E = 0.5 V, l = 5 / and the
x
B
applied voltage is 12 V. T h e value of R
x
is
a 21
ft 2 3
c 40
d 46
+

k
k
k
k

11.24

In Q u e s t i o n 11.23 the value of V


CE is
5.6V
ft 5.8 V
c 6.4 V
d 6.5 V

11.25

In Q u e s t i o n 11.23 the D C input resistance


is
a
ft
c
d

1 2V

Rl

? /

11.26

V BE

R2

X J

10.2
12.5
14.3
15.6

In Q u e s t i o n
is
a 460
ft 5 0 0
c 560
d 700

k
k
k
k

11.23 the D C output resistance

Amplifiers
11.27

11.28

In Q u e s t i o n 11.23 the D C current gain is

a 200

ft 2 1 5
c 285

d 310

In Q u e s t i o n 11.23 the emitter current is


a 8.004 m A
b 8.04 m A
c 8.4 m A

11.29

11.32

c
d

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a non-inverting a m p l i fier. If , = 1500 and / ? = 15 kil, the


2
voltage gain is

a 8

ft

d 11

ri

9
10

7~

+ /

\ _ 5 x ~ f c t

d 8.2 m A

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an inverting operational amplifier. \ R = 5 0 a n d R =


x
2
5 0 , the voltage gain is
a -1
b -5

75

11.33

In Q u e s t i o n 11.32, if R

x = 6 0 and # 2 =
3 0 0 , the voltage gain is

-10
-50

11.34

a
ft
c
d

6
10
16
24

In Q u e s t i o n 11.32, if R a n d / ? are both


{
2
4 5 0 , the voltage gain is
a 1
ft 2
c 6
d 8

11.30

11.31

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.29 R = 6 0 0 and R =
x
2
6 0 0 0 , the voltage gain is
a -1
b -5
c -10
d -100

11.35

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.29 R = 10 k a n d R =
x
2
2 0 k i l , the voltage gain is
a -0.5
b -1
c
-2
d -20

11.36

A n o n - i n v e r t i n g amplifier identical to the


o n e s h o w n in Q u e s t i o n 11.32 has a gain of
2 1 . If R is 2 7 0 0 , the value of R is

a 11
ft 27
c 46
d 54

k
k
k
k

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.35 the gain is 11 a n d R


2
= 4 7 k ^ the v a l u e of R is
}
a 3300
ft 4 7 0 0
c 6800
d 8200

76

Amplifiers

11.37

If in Question 11.35 the gain is 2 0 a n d the


value of R is 228 k i l , the value of R is

a 12
ft 14
c 28

11.38

d 68

11.42

kn
kil
kil
kn

a 1861
ft 3 6 2 2 i l

The diagram shows a two-input summing


amplifier. If R = 120 il, / ? = 2 2 0 il, /? =
x
2
3
3 3 0 , V, = 1.5 V and V = 2.5 V, the value
of the output voltage V

a
b
c
d

-6.255
-7.875
-8.864
-9.862

V
V
V
V

R
[JX^

In Question 11.38, if /?, = 2 0 0 0 i l , R =


2
1500 , fl = 1200 i l , V! = 10 V and V =
3
2
12 V, the value of V is

11.40

11.41

In Q u e s t i o n 11.38, if all three resistors are


2 4 0 0 i l and V is 5 V and V is 15 V, the
x
2
output voltage V is
a
ft
c
d

-6.8
-9.7
-20
-24

V
V
V
V

k
k
k
k

40 k

11.45

If a s u m m i n g amplifier has R = R =
{
3
4 7 0 , V, = 5 V, V = 9 V and V = - 2 1 V,
2
3
the a p p r o x i m a t e value of R is
2
a 264
ft 4 6 1
c 688
d 750

11.46

A s u m m i n g amplifier has R = 1400 , R


{
3
= 2 4 0 0 , V = V = 3.5 V and V = - 1 0 V.
{
2
3
T h e value of R is
2
a 1400
ft 2 1 0 0
c 2400
J 3000

A two-input s u m m i n g amplifier identical


to the o n e in Q u e s t i o n 11.38 has the
following p a r a m e t e r s : R = 100 k ^ R =
{
2
120 kU V, = 2 V, V = 4 V a n d V = - 2 4
2
3
V T h e value of R is
a 270
ft 4 5 0
c 510
d 600

If a s u m m i n g amplifier has R = 8 k , / ?
x
3
= 6 0 kU V! = 2 V, V = 10 V and V =
2
3
- 3 0 V, the value of R is
a 22 k
ft 3 0 k
c 36 k

V
V
V
V

3V

11.44

a -10.3
ft - 1 1 . 6
c -12.1
d -15.6

R
If a s u m m i n g amplifier has R = 1 k^
x
2
= 2 kU V, = 12 V , V = 12 V and V =
2
3
- 4 8 V, the value of R is approximately
a 2667
ft 3 3 0 0
c 3900
d 4137

p "? ]

V2

c 4255 i l
d 6800

2
3 is

11.43

R1

11.39

If a s u m m i n g amplifier has R = 3 9 0 0 i l ,
x
R = 3 9 0 0 i l , V, = 4.5 V, V = 6.5 V and V
2
2
3
= - 1 2 V, the value of R is approx3
imately

Amplifiers
11.47

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a three-input s u m m i n g
amplifier. If R

=R

=R

3
3

=R

11.51

= 3 3 0 0 ,

V, = 2 V, V = 4 V a n d V = 8 V, the v a l u e

of the output v o l t a g e V

a -10 V

4 is

ft - 1 1 V

d 264

-14V

d -18 V

11.52

[ =

R4

L -\v

R3

\s

V3

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.47 V, = V = V = 5 V, the
2 3
output voltage V is
4
-10 V
ft - 1 1 V
c -12 V

In a three-input s u m m i n g amplifier, /?! =


kU a n d ^ = V = V = 3 V. If
R = R =l
3
4
2
3
V = - 3 2 V, the a p p r o x i m a t e value of R
4
2
is

a 102

ft

c 115
d 167

107

4 V

11.53

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a subtracting amplifier
w h e r e R = R a n d fl = # . If V = 3.6 V
x
2
3
4
x
a n d V = 4 V a n d t h e gain is 10, the output
2
voltage V is

a 4 V
ft 5 V

c 6 V
d 7 V

d -15 V

A three-input s u m m i n g amplifier h a s the


following p a r a m e t e r s : R = 120 , R =
x
2
150 , R = 180 , R = 2 1 0 , V, = 2 V,
3
4
V = 4 V a n d V = 8 V. T h e v a l u e of V
2
3
4
is
a -10.88
ft - 1 5 . 5 2
c -16.26
d -18.43

11.50

a 124
ft 138
c 190

R2

11.49

11.48

In a three-input s u m m i n g amplifier, R =
x
R = R =\
k a If Vx = 4.6 V, V2 = 3.4 V,
3
4
V = 2.8 V a n d V = - 3 2 V, fl is
3
4
2
approximately

Rl

77

V
V
V
V

In a three-input s u m m i n g amplifier, R =
x
4 0 0 , R = 5 0 0 , tf = 6 0 0 , V, = 3 V,
3
4
V = 2 V, V = 7 V a n d V = - 2 4 V. T h e
2
3
4
value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

ft
c
d

100
108
166
240

11.54

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.53 the gain is 2 0 , the


o u t p u t voltage V is
a
ft
c
J

11.55

4 V
6 V
8 V
10 V

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.53 V = 3 V, V = 5 V a n d
x
2
t h e gain is 2 4 , t h e output voltage V is
3
a 12 V
ft 2 4 V
c 36 V
d 48 V

78

Amplifiers

11.56

11.57

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.53 V, = 3 V, V = 4 V a n d
3
the gain is 12, V is
2
a 2.12 V
ft 3.33 V
c 4.61 V
d 5.08 V
If in Question 11.53 V, is 5 V, V
a n d the gain is 10, V is

a 4.0 V

3 is 5 V

11.61

11.62

c 6.2 V
d 8.0 V
11.63

11.58

If in Q u e s t i o n 11.53 V, is 5 V, V is 10 V
3
a n d the gain is unity, V is
2
a 10 V
ft 11 V
c 12V

11.59

a 200

ft

c 265

d 270

d 15 V

11.64

a 333.3
ft 6 6 6 . 7
c 774.6

240

In Q u e s t i o n 11.59 the A C voltage gain is


a 105
ft 120
c 150
d 160

In Q u e s t i o n 11.59 the A C p o w e r gain is

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a simple voltage
amplifier. A n alternating voltage V of 4 0
he
m V is applied to the b a s e w h i c h c a u s e s a
c h a n g e in the b a s e current / of 6 0 . T h e
b
c h a n g e s in the collector current I , a n d the
c
collector to emitter voltage V , are 12 m A
ce
a n d 6 V respectively. T h e A C input
resistance is

ft 5.5 V

In Q u e s t i o n 11.59 the A C current gain is

a 10000
ft 1 2 0 0 0
c 24000
d 30000

T h e circuit in Q u e s t i o n 11.59 has the


following data: Input voltage V
he of 80
mV, c h a n g e in b a s e current / of 2 0 ,
b
c h a n g e in collector current I of 10 m A,
c
c h a n g e in collector to emitter voltage V
ce
of 8 V. T h e A C input resistance is
a 2000
ft 4 0 0 0
c 5500

11.65

d 813.8

d 6200

In Q u e s t i o n 11.64 the A C output resistance


is
a 600
ft 6 2 0
c 750
d 800

le

11.66

In Q u e s t i o n 11.64 the A C current gain is


a 500
ft 3 5 0

11.60

In Q u e s t i o n
is
a 300
ft 4 5 0
c 500
d 750

c 220
d 450

11.59 the A C output resistance


11.67

In Q u e s t i o n 11.64 the A C voltage gain is


a 200
ft 150
c 100
d 250

Amplifiers
11.68

11.69

In Q u e s t i o n 11.64 2the A C p o w e r gain is

11.73

In Q u e s t i o n 11.69 the A C p o w e r gain is

a 1.8 1 0 4

a 3 6 100

b 2.6 140

c 5 10

d 4.2 1 0

b 45 000
c 47600
d 79 800

79

A study of the transistor amplifier c h a r a c teristics gives the following data:


(i) V = 7 5 m V

be

(ii) / = 25
5
(iii) / = 15 m A

(iv) V = 10 V

11.74

ce

T h e A C input resistance is

a
b
c
d

1500
2200
2500
3000

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an emitter follower.
T h e A C current gain is

a
b
c
d

180
200
220
230

11.70

In Q u e s t i o n 11.69 the A C output resistance


is
a 667

11.71

^ 5 Ou

lOnA

b 700
c 821
d 851

V in

!i

4 5 0R0

V o tu

In Q u e s t i o n 11.69 the A C current gain is


a 700
b 600

c 500

d 200
11.75

11.72

(\

In Q u e s t i o n 11.69 the A C voltage gain is

a
b
c
d

133
200
223
300

If the input resistance in Q u e s t i o n 11.74 is


1 , the A C voltage gain is

a 0.9
b 1.2
c 1.4
d 1.9

12

12.1

Oscillators

T h e natural frequency of a sinusoidal


oscillator w h e r e the c a p a c i t a n c e is 2.5 ,
the inductance 8 0 0 a n d the resistance
2 is
a 3553 Hz
b 5561 Hz
c 6670 Hz
d 8875 Hz

12.2

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.1 C = 10 ^ L = 0.9 m H
a n d R = 4 , the natural frequency is
a 1111Hz
b 1320 H z
c 1640 H z
d 1832 H z

12.3

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.1 C = 2 0 ^ L = 0.5 m H
and /? = 2 , the natural frequency is
a 1050 H z
b 1321Hz

12.4

12.5

In Q u e s t i o n 12.5, if the capacitance is


16 and the i n d u c t a n c e 0.7 m H , the
r e s o n a n t frequency is
a 1060 H z
b 1212Hz
c 1306 H z
d 1504 H z

12.7

In Q u e s t i o n 12.5, if the capacitance is


160 a n d the i n d u c t a n c e is 0.7 m H , the
r e s o n a n t frequency is
a
416m
b 680 Hz
c 910Hz
d 921 "

12.8

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.5 the capacitance is


16 a n d the inductance 3 5 0 , the
r e s o n a n t frequency is
a 1668 H z

1428 H z
d 1559 H z

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.1 C = 0.4 , L = 12
and /? = 0.5 , the natural frequency is

12.6

a
b
c
d

47.161
50.323
60.667
72.568

12.9

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

A sinusoidal oscillator c o m p r i s i n g an
inductance a n d c a p a c i t a n c e has a r e s o n a n t
frequency. If the circuit h a s C = 0.4 a n d
L = 12 , the resonant frequency is
a 67.331 kHz
b 72.643 kHz
c 80.875 k H z
d 90.162 kHz

T h e periodic time of a sinusoidal oscillator


h a v i n g a c a p a c i t a n c e of 0.35 and an
i n d u c t a n c e of 0.4 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

12.10

b 2010 Hz
c 2127 Hz
d 3020 Hz

a
b
c
d

2.35
4.82
6.91
7.74

ms
ms
ms
ms

T h e periodic time of a sinusoidal oscillator


with a capacitance of 21 and an
i n d u c t a n c e of 13 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 88 m s
b 96 ms
c 104 m s
d 150 m s

Oscillators
12.11

12.12

T h e periodic time of a sinusoidal oscillator


with a c a p a c i t a n c e of 10 a n d an
i n d u c t a n c e of 2 is

a 14 m s

b 28 ms
c 56 ms
d 84 ms

T h e periodic t i m e of a sinusoidal oscillator


h a v i n g a c a p a c i t a n c e of 105 and an
i n d u c t a n c e of 13 is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 104 m s

A n oscillator is required to p r o d u c e a
1-kHz sine w a v e . If the value of the
c a p a c i t a n c e is 0.12 , the value of the
i n d u c t a n c e is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 132 m H
b 150 m H
c 211 m H
d 260 m H

12.14

In Q u e s t i o n
2 4 0 0 H z , the
a 1.02
b 1.09

12.15

G i v e n that an oscillator has a resonant


frequency of 1 M H z and that the induct a n c e is 2 0 , the v a l u e of the capacitance is

12.18

a
b
c
d

2.83
4.91
6.62
8.87

nF
nF
nF
nF

G i v e n that an oscillator has a resonant


frequency of 1.5 M H z and that the inductance is 4 , the value of the capacitance
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1.16 n F
b 1.42 n F
c 1.61 n F
d 2.81 n F

12.20

If an oscillator h a s a r e s o n a n t frequency of
9 0 0 k H z and the i n d u c t a n c e is 10 , the
value of the c a p a c i t a n c e is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

12.13, if C = 3.4 a n d / =
value of L is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
mH
mH

12.13, if C = 0.2 a n d / =
value of the i n d u c t a n c e is

1.16
1.24
1.27 n F
1.86 p F

12.19

c 1.16 m H
d 1.29 m H

In Q u e s t i o n
500 Hz, the
a 0.1
b 0.5
c 1.5
d 2.6

a
b
c
d

If an oscillator h a s a r e s o n a n t frequency of
8 0 0 k H z and the i n d u c t a n c e is 14 , the
value of the c a p a c i t a n c e is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

b 196 m s
c 204 ms
d 232 ms

12.13

12.17

12.21

a
b
c
d

1.06
3.13
1.06
3.13

nF
nF
pF
pF

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a typical phase-shift
oscillator. If C = C , = C = C = 2.8
2
3
a n d R = R = R = R = R = 1800 ,

RL

12.16

In Q u e s t i o n 12.13, if the c a p a c i t a n c e is
0.55 a n d t h e frequency 120 H z , t h e
value of the i n d u c t a n c e is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 3.2
b 4.4
c 6.4
d 1.1

81

CI

C2

C3

! ' 'li

HhIIlh

RI

JC
1

J-,

R2

(Q
J-.

I zL

Output

_L
iLJjx

L_

82

Oscillators
where R
m is the input resistance, the
frequency of oscillation is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

12.27

a 13 H z
ft 6 5 H z

12.22

12.23

c 88Hz
d 99 Hz

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.21 C = 0.1 and R =


2 k f , the frequency of oscillation is
approximately

a 109 H z
b 165 H z

c 325 H z
d 491Hz

12.25

In a p h a s e shift oscillator identical to


the o n e s h o w n in Q u e s t i o n 12.21 all the
capacitors are equal to 15 If the
oscillation frequency is 100 H z , the value
of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a
b
c
d

39.6
43.3
51.7
82.6

a
b
c
d

345.6
471.8
541.5
667.6

c 47.66
d 54.15

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.25 the value of C is


1.0 a n d the frequency is 5 0 H z , the
value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a
b
c
d

1000
1299
1687
2051

If the frequency of oscillation in an R-C


oscillator similar to the o n e in Q u e s t i o n
12.21 is 6 9 1 2 H z a n d the value of R is
4.7 k the value of C is

12.30

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.29 the frequency is 5 k H z


and the resistance 3.3 k d , the capacitance
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 2.21 n F
ft 2.86 n F
c 3.94 n F
d 5.62 n F

12.31

If in Q u e s t i o n 1 2 . 2 9 the frequency is
2 0 0 H z and the resistance 4 0 0 , the
c a p a c i t a n c e is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 460 nF
ft 5 8 0 n F
c 720 nF
d 812 nF

12.32

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.31 the frequency is


increased by a factor of 4, the capacitance
value is then
a 162 n F
ft 2 0 3 n F
c 230 nF
d 360 nF

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.25 C = 0.6 a n d / =
2 0 0 H z , the value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 20.48
b 21.22

a 2 nF
ft 5 n F
c 7 nF
d 9 nF

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.21 C = 0.02 a n d R =
120 , the oscillation frequency is
a 14.312 k H z
b 27.072 kHz
c 43.604 kHz
d 48.122 kHz

12.26

12.29

b 34Hz
c 49Hz
d 58 H z

12.24

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.21 C = 0.75 a n d R =
1500 , the frequency of oscillation is
approximately
a 30Hz

12.28

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.25 the capacitance is 0.6


a n d t h e frequency 2 k H z , the resistance
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

Oscillators
12.33

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a W i e n b r i d g e oscillator. If the capacitor C is 10 a n d the


resistance R is 120 , the frequency of
oscillation is

a 100 H z
ft 1 1 6 H z

c 133 H z
d 144 H z

12.37

A W i e n b r i d g e oscillator oscillates at a
frequency of 4 k H z . If the resistance is
3 3 0 , the value of the c a p a c i t a n c e is
a 0.06
b 0.12
c 1.21
d 2.21

12.38

If a W i e n b r i d g e oscillator h a s a frequency
of 2 0 k H z a n d the resistance R is 1200 ,
the v a l u e of C is a p2p r o x i m a t e l y

a 1.14 " 2
b 2.88 " 3
c 4.61 1 0 " 3

d 6.63 1 0 "

r-

12.35

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.33 C = 4 7 a n d R =
100 , the oscillating frequency
is
approximately
a 34 Hz

b 68 Hz

c 72Hz
d 97Hz

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.33 C = 4.4 a n d R =
2 2 0 , t h e oscillating frequency
is
approximately

12.36

a
b
c
d

128
164
175
183

VOUt

12.39

12.34

83

12.40

12.41

Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.33 the c a p a c i t a n c e is
6 a n d t h e resistance 1.5 , t h e
frequency is
a 15.33 H z
b 17.68 H z
c 21.62 Hz
d 38.44 H z

If a W i e n b r i d g e oscillator has a frequency


of 120 H z a n d a resistance of 8 2 0 , the
value of C is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 1.33
b 1.62
c 3.48

d 5.72

If a W i e n b r i d g e oscillator has a frequency


of 2 4 0 H z and the value of R is 8 2 0 , the
value of C is
a 0.81

b 0.98
c 1.67

d 2.27

A W i e n b r i d g e oscillator oscillates at a
frequency of 5 0 0 H z . If the value of C is
3.183 , the value of R is
a
ft
c
d

12.42

75
90
100
250

If a W i e n b r i d g e oscillator has a frequency


of 6 0 0 H z a n d the c a p a c i t a n c e is 10 , the
value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 11.12
ft 15.61
c 26.53
d 78.68

84

Oscillators

12.43

If a W i e n b r i d g e oscillator h a s a frequency
of 6 4 0 H z and C = 0.8 ^ the value of R is
approximately

a 120

b 167

c 258
d 311

12.47

12.48

12.44

If a W i e n bridge oscillator has a frequency


of 1280 H z a n d the c a p a c i t a n c e is 0.8 ^
the value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a
b
c
d

140
155
181
271

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a t w i n - T oscillator. If
the c a p a c i t a n c e C is 2 n F a n d the resista n c e R is 2 , the oscillating frequency
is

a 20Hz
b 25Hz

c 40Hz
d 80 H z

a
b
c
d

318Hz
628 Hz
780 Hz
825 Hz

If a t w i n - T oscillator has a capacitance of


4 0 p F a n d the resistance is 2 , the
frequency is

12.49

12.45

If a t w i n - T oscillator has a capacitance of


5 0 0 p F and a resistance of 1 , the
frequency is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a
b
c
d

1.989
2.631
4.828
5.711

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a typical multivibrator
circuit. If C = C = C = 0.02 and R =
x
2
R =R = 22 k , the oscillating frequency
{ 2
is

a
b
c
d

1.623
1.813
2.416
4.421

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

RL

1 R2
c

1I
11

H h H h

Output 1 (

R /2

11

11

1j

11

) Output 2

^TRl

TRa^

[\

12.50

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.49 C = 0.024 and R =


4 7 0 0 , the frequency is

12.46

If a t w i n - T oscillator h a s a c a p a c i t a n c e of
1.2 n F and a resistance of 1 , the
frequency is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 109 H z
b 116Hz
c 124 H z
d 133 H z

12.51

a
b
c
d

3.331
4.161
6.332
8.128

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.49 the c a p a c i t a n c e C is
0.5 a n d the resistance R is 150 , the
frequency is
a 9.524 k H z
b 10.621 k H z
c 11.822 k H z
d 16.667 k H z

Oscillators 85
12.52

12.53

12.54

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.49 the c a p a c i t a n c e is 1.0


n F and the resistance 33 k i l , the frequency
is

a 16.432 k H z

b 18.516 k H z

c 19.128 k H z
d 21.645 kHz

If a multivibrator is r u n n i n g at 5 0 H z and C
the value of R
= d = C = 14.286
2
w h e r e R = R = R is
x
2
a 1600
b 1000
c 1800
d 1220

a
b
c
d

23.37
47.16
54.95
66.62

If i n Q u e s t i o n 12.57 t h e frequency is
2 5 0 H z a n d R is 6 8 0 , the value of C is

a 2.9
b 3.6
c 4.2

d 7.6

12.59

If i n Q u e s t i o n 12.57 t h e frequency is
100 k H z a n d R is 2 kU the value o f C is
approximately
a 1.61 n F
b 3.57 n F
c 4.82 nF
d 9.06 n F

12.60

If i n Q u e s t i o n 12.57 t h e frequency is
2 0 0 k H z a n d R is 2 kU the value o f C is
approximately

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.53 the frequency is 1 k H z


and C is 13 ^ t h e value o f R is
approximately

12.55

12.58

12.61

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.53 the frequency is 5 k H z


and the c a p a c i t a n c e 6 0 nF, the value of R
is
a 1330
b 1662
c 1771
d 2381

a
b
c
d

1.08
1.18
1.43
1.79

nF
nF
nF
nF

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a free-running multivibrator. If R = 10 kU R = 2 0 kU C =
x
2
x
0.5 a n d C = 0.1 , the frequency of
2
oscillation is

a 104 H z
b 106 H z

c 130Hz
d 237 Hz

12.56

12.57

J R2

If i n Q u e s t i o n 12.53 t h e frequency is
10 k H z a n d the c a p a c i t a n c e is 4 nF, the
resistance R is
10.062
13.128
14.604
17.857

a
b
c
d

a
b
c
d

1500
1700
1850
1910

nF
nF
nF
nF

Output

rl

11

k
k
k
k

If a multivibrator is r u n n i n g at 9 5 2 H z and
R =R
l R =2 = 5 0 0 , the value of C w h e r e
C = C = C is

LJ C2 L

/ \

'It

1
11
Output

12.62

If i n Q u e s t i o n 12.61 R = 8.2 kU /? =
x
2
15 kU C = 1.2 a n d C = 1.5 ^ the
x
2
frequency is
a Aim
b 15 H z
c 90Hz
J 98 Hz

86

Oscillators

12.63

12.64

12.65

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.61 /?, = 6.8 k , R = 6.8


2
k i l , C, = 0.02 and C = 0.02 ^ the
2
frequency is

a 4.621 k H z

b 5.252 k H z
c 6.383 k H z

d 9.311 k H z

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.61 C, = 0.02 ^ C = 0.2


2
and R =R
{ 2 = 6 8 0 0 , the frequency is
approximately

12.70

0.5
1.0
2.0
5.5

a
b
c
d

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.61 the frequency is


120 and C = 0.5 ^
1 k H z , R =R =
X 2
2
the value of C, is
a 2.8
b 9.3

c 955 Hz
d 990 Hz

c 10.6
d 11.4

If in the circuit of Q u e s t i o n 12.61 the


frequency is 170 H z , Cj = 1.5 , C =
2
2.5 and R = 1400 i l , the value of R is
x
2
approximately
a 1445 i l
b 1800 i l

12.71

If in the circuit of Q u e s t i o n 12.61 the


frequency is 170 H z , C = 3 , C = 5
x
2
and
= 1400 , the value of R is
2
approximately

12.72

a 232

b 468

c 711

d 809

If in the circuit of Q u e s t i o n 12.61 the


frequency is 2 3 0 H z , C, = 0.9 ^ C =
2
0.7 and /?! = 5 6 0 , the value of R
2
is
a 3.234 k
b 4.318 k

a
b
c
d

215
416
720
805

k
k
k
k

16.3
27.9
46.3
48.6

a
b
c
d

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a triangular w a v e f o r m
generator using an operational amplifier.
G i v e n that the input voltage is 10 V, the
output voltage is 2 V, R = 10 k and C =
0.5 , the frequency of the input w a v e form is
a 120 H z
b 150 H z

c 250 Hz

d 350 Hz

CZH-

Input
Square
Wave

c 6.466 k
d 7.702 k

If in the circuit of Q u e s t i o n 12.61 the


frequency is 3 3 0 H z , C = C = 0.02
x
2
and R = 1400 , the value of R is
x
2
approximately

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.61 the frequency is


8 0 0 H z , R = 8 0 , R = 6 0 and C =
x
2
2
1.4 , the value of C is

c 2461 i l
d 3269

12.68

a 450 Hz
b 630 Hz

12.67

If in the circuit of Q u e s t i o n 12.61 the


frequency is 15 k H z , R = 100 , R = 150
x
2
and C = 0.2 , the value of C is

12.66

12.69

12.73

utput
Triangular
Wave

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.72 V = 8 V, V = 1.0 V,
in
ot u
R - 15 k and C = 1.0 , the frequency
is
a 133.33 H z
b 166.66 H z
c 203.43 Hz
d 233.33 Hz

Oscillators
12.74

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.72 V = 6.6 V, V
m
ot u=
2.4 V, R = 2 0 k i a n d C = 1.5 ^ the
frequency is
15Hz

b 23 Hz
c 67Hz
d 69 Hz

12.75

87

If in Q u e s t i o n 12.72 V = 7 V, V = 3.5 V,
in
ot u
R = 8 2 0 a n d C = 0.6 the frequency
is

a 864 Hz
b 970 Hz

c 1016 H z
d 1808 H z

13

13.1

13.2

13.3

Radio

R a d i o w a v e s are5 p r o p 1
a g a t e d in space at
a 3 106 m s " 1
b 3 107 m s " 1
c 3 108 m s " 1
d 3 10 m s "
T h e long w a v e b a n d
approximately
a 5 0 to 100 k H z
b 6 0 to 110 k H z
c 150 to 3 5 0 k H z
d 150 to 3 0 0 M H z

The medium wave band extends


approximately
a 5 3 0 to 1600 k H z

13.4

13.5

a 16 to 6 0 M H z

b 2 0 to 6 5 M H z
c 88 to 108 M H z
d 120 to 4 0 0 M H z

a
b
c
d

of

3 m
3.3 m
30 m
300 m

from
13.8

from

b 6 6 0 to 1000 k H z
c 8 0 0 to 1100 k H z
d 9 5 0 to 1500 k H z

A radio station h a s a frequency


100 M H z . T h e w a v e l e n g t h is

13.9

T h e F M radio b a n d e x t e n d s from a p p r o x imately

A radio station h a s a frequency


6 4 8 k H z . T h e w a v e l e n g t h is

a 160 m
b 240 m
c 463 m

d 581 m

of

A n aerial is required to b e 0.25 in length.


If such an aerial is u s e d to transmit a signal
with a frequency of 100 M H z , the length
of the aerial is

a 0.25 m

b 0.5 m
c 0.75 m
d 1.5 m

of

13.10

A frequency of 2 0 0 k H z is in the
a L o w frequency b a n d (LF)
b S u p e r high frequency b a n d ( S H F )
c Very high frequency b a n d ( V H F )
d H i g h frequency b a n d ( H F )

A local station has a w a v e l e n g t h of 3 6 2 m .


T h e frequency is

13.11

A frequency of 2 5 0 0 M H z is in the
a Very l o w frequency b a n d ( V L F )
b M e d i u m frequency b a n d ( M F )
c Ultra high frequency b a n d ( U H F )
d E x t r e m e l y high frequency b a n d
(EHF)

A radio station has a w a v e l e n g t h


1500 m . T h e frequency is

13.6

extends

13.7

a
b
c
d

a
b
c
d

150
200
600
901

440
382
540
828

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

Radio
13.12

13.13

13.14

A frequency b e l o w 3 0 k H z is in the

13.16

13.17

a V L F band

1.6 V. If the depth of m o d u l a t i o n is 8 0 % ,

b L F band

the p e a k carrier is

c M F band

d H F band

b 1.8 V

c 2.0 V

dl2V

A frequency of 4 0 0 0 0 M H z is in the
a V H F band
b SHF band
c E H F band
d H F band

13.20

b M F band
c U H F band
d V H F band

A frequency of 4 0 0 0 M H z is in the
a E H F band
b S H F band
c U H F band
d V H F band

13.21

A frequency of 4 0 0 0 k H z is in the
a H F band
b M F band
c L F band
d SHF band

a F - F
c
m
b F , F + F , F c c
m c
c F
c
d F + F
F - F

13.23

In Q u e s t i o n 13.22 the frequency F - F is


c
m
called the
a Modulator
b Modulating index
c Upper sideband
d Lower sideband

13.24

If a carrier is a m p l i t u d e m o d u l a t e d b y a
sine w a v e , the m a g n i t u d e of the sideband
voltages are half the m a g n i t u d e of the
carrier if the m o d u l a t i o n d e p t h is

H F band
M F band
L F band
V H F band

In a m p l i t u d e m o d u l a t i o n , if the p e a k signal
is 0.5 V a n d t h e carrier p e a k is 1.0 V, t h e
depth of m o d u l a t i o n is
a 25%
b 50%
c 75%
d 100%

b 120%
c 110%
d 100%

If a carrier with a frequency F is m o d u c


lated by a sinusoidal voltage with a
frequency F , the n u m b e r of frequencies
m
p r o d u c e d are

A frequency of 1000 k H z is in the


a
b
c
d

c 1.2 V
d 1.6 V

The maximum percentage modulation


w i t h o u t distortion in an a m p l i t u d e m o d u l a tion s y s t e m is
a 20%

13.22

a 1.2 V

A carrier h a s a p e a k value of 2.0 V If the


d e p t h of m o d u l a t i o n is 2 0 % , the p e a k
signal is
a 0.4 V
b 0.8 V

A frequency of 100 M H z is in the


a L F band

13.18

A m o d u l a t e d carrier h a s a p e a k signal of

13.15

13.19

89

a
b
c
d

20%
50%
60%
100%

90

Radio

13.25

A 1-MHz carrier is a m p l i t u d e m o d u l a t e d
by a 2 0 - k H z sinusoidal voltage. T h e freq u e n c y of the l o w e r sideband is

13.31

a 0.089 M H z
ft 0.89 M H z

c 0.098 M H z
d 0.98 M H z

13.26

T h e frequency of the u p p e r sideband in


Question 13.25 is
a 1.2 M H z
b 1.02 M H z
c 1.002 M H z
d 1.22 M H z

13.27

A 2 0 0 - k H z carrier is m o d u l a t e d b y a
10-kHz sinusoidal voltage. T h e value of
the u p p e r sideband is
a 205 000 Hz

13.28

13.29

13.30

In Q u e s t i o n 13.29 the u p p e r s i d e b a n d
contains a r a n g e of frequencies r a n g i n g
from
a 1.01 to 1.1 M H z
ft 1.001 to 1.1 M H z
c 1.0001 to 1.01 M H z
d 1.001 to 1.01 M H z

a 1 k H z each side of the carrier


b 10 k H z e a c h side of the carrier

c 15 k H z e a c h side of the carrier


d 2 0 k H z each side of the carrier

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a simplified d i a g r a m
of an A M s o u n d transmitter. B l o c k A is
a A n R F amplifier
ft A n A F amplifier
c A n R F oscillator
d A modulator

Microphone

'

'

13.33

In Q u e s t i o n 13.32 b l o c k is
a A n A F amplifier
ft A n R F oscillator
c A n R F amplifier
d A modulator

13.34

In Q u e s t i o n 13.32 b l o c k C is
a A n A F amplifier
ft A n R F oscillator
c A modulator
d A n R F amplifier

13.35

In Q u e s t i o n 13.32 block D is
a A n R F amplifier
ft A n R F oscillator
c A modulator
d A n A F amplifier

c 0.19 M H z
d 0.21 M H z

If a 1-MHz carrier is m o d u l a t e d with


a r a n g e of frequencies from 100 to
10 0 0 0 H z , the l o w e r s i d e b a n d will contain
frequencies r a n g i n g from
a 9 8 9 to 9 9 0 . 9 k H z
b 9 8 9 to 9 9 0 k H z
c 9 9 9 to 9 9 9 . 9 k H z
d 9 9 0 to 9 9 9 . 9 k H z

b 210000 Hz
c 220000 Hz
d 225000 Hz

T h e value of the l o w e r s i d e b a n d in Q u e s tion 13.27 is


a 0.17 M H z
b 0.18 M H z

13.32

F o r the transmission of speech and m u s i c


the sidebands should ideally extend

'

Radio
13.36

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the first four stages of

13.41

In Q u e s t i o n 13.40 block F is

a superhet receiver for A M signals. B l o c k

A is

ft A n A M d e m o d u l a t o r
a A n I F amplifier

ft A n R F t u n e d amplifier

c A n A F v o l t a g e amplifier

d A mixer

13.42

91

a A mixer

c A n A F voltage amplifier

d A n A F p o w e r amplifier

In Q u e s t i o n 13.40 b l o c k G is
a A n R F filter
ft A n A M d e m o d u l a t o r
c A mixer

( D !

13.43

d A n A F p o w e r amplifier

In a superhet receiver for A M signals an


a u t o m a t i c gain control voltage is fed
a F r o m the d e m o d u l a t o r to the
mixer
ft F r o m the d e m o d u l a t o r to t h e I F
amplifier

13.37

In Q u e s t i o n 13.36 b l o c k is
a An A M modulator
ft A n A F voltage amplifier

13.38

c A n A F p o w e r amplifier

d A mixer

13.44

d F r o m the voltage amplifier to the


mixer

c An A M demodulator
d A n A F voltage amplifier

13.45

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the last three stages of


a superhet receiver for A M signals driving
t h e l o u d s p e a k e r . B l o c k is
a An A M demodulator
ft A n oscillator
c A n A F v o l t a g e amplifier
d A n A F p o w e r amplifier

F
I

zf

\l

Loudspeaker

d 600 kHz

If for the superhet of Q u e s t i o n 13.44 the


receiver is t u n e d t o a 1.2-MHz carrier, t h e
oscillator frequency is

13.46

In a superhet receiver for A M signals the


value of the intermediate frequency (IF)
is
a 170 k H z
ft 2 7 0 k H z
c 470 kHz

In Q u e s t i o n 13.36 b l o c k D is
a A n I F amplifier
ft A n R F amplifier

13.40

c F r o m the p o w e r amplifier to the


oscillator

In Q u e s t i o n 13.36 b l o c k C is
a A n R F amplifier
ft A n oscillator
c A mixer
d A n A F voltage amplifier

13.39

a
ft
c
d

1.37
1.47
1.57
1.67

MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz

In frequency m o d u l a t i o n the m a x i m u m
variation of carrier frequency required for
B B C radio is
a 25 000 Hz
ft 5 0 0 0 0 H z
c 75 000 Hz
d 90 000 Hz

92

Radio

13.47

13.48

If the m a x i m u m m o d u l a t i n g frequency
transmitted is 12 k H z for a B B C radio
station, the m o d u l a t i o n i n d e x is
a 5.0

a 10 0 0 0 H z

b 6.25

b 10500 Hz

c 7.5

c 11 0 0 0 H z

d 8

d 15 5 0 0 H z

G i v e n that the m o d u l a t i o n index is 5 a n d


the m a x i m u m variation in carrier is
7 5 0 0 0 H z , the m a x i m u m m o d u l a t i n g freq u e n c y is

13.51

13.52

a
b
c
d

10 0 0 0
11000
12000
15 0 0 0

a
b
c
d

30000
40000
60000
75 0 0 0

13.54

Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz

If the m o d u l a t i o n index is 6 and the


maximum
modulating
frequency
is
10 0 0 0 H z , the m a x i m u m variation in the
carrier frequency is

13.50

If in Q u e s t i o n 13.51 the total b a n d w i d t h is


2 1 0 0 0 0 H z a n d the n u m b e r of sidebands is
20, the m o d u l a t i n g frequency is

13.49

13.53

13.55

Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz

T h e total b a n d w i d t h required in an A M
system for Q u e s t i o n 13.52 is

a 10 0 0 0 H z
b 2 0 0 0 0 Hz

c 3 0 0 0 0 Hz
d 4 0 0 0 0 Hz

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a block d i a g r a m of a
simple F M transmitter. B l o c k A is
a A n I F amplifier
b A n R F amplifier
c A n A F amplifier
d A n R F oscillator

In frequency m o d u l a t i o n , if a carrier is
m o d u l a t e d by a single frequency the
n u m b e r of sidebands p r o d u c e d is

a 1
b 2

c 4
d Greater than 4

In a frequency m o d u l a t e d system the u p p e r


and l o w e r sidebands are spaced apart by an
a m o u n t equal to
a T h e m o d u l a t i n g frequency
b T h e carrier frequency
c Twice the m o d u l a t i n g frequency
d Twice the carrier frequency
In Q u e s t i o n 13.51, if the n u m b e r of
sidebands is 30 and the m o d u l a t i n g freq u e n c y is 10 0 0 0 H z the total b a n d w i d t h
is
a 100 0 0 0 H z
b 150000 Hz
c 300000 Hz
d 6 0 0 0 0 0 Hz

Microphone

13.56

13.57

In the d i a g r a m
is
a An RF
b An AF
c An RF
d An IF

In the d i a g r a m
is
a An RF
b An RF
c An AF
d An IF

C
L

in Q u e s t i o n 13.55 block
oscillator
amplifier
amplifier
amplifier

in Q u e s t i o n 13.55 b l o c k C
oscillator
amplifier
amplifier
amplifier

Radio
13.58

T h e b l o c k d i a g r a m s h o w s the first four

13.63

stages of a superhet F M receiver. B l o c k A


is

a A mixer

b A n R F amplifier
c An F M demodulator

d A n oscillator

\ A

M M
B

13.60

13.61

In Q u e s t i o n 13.62 b l o c k G is
a A n A F p o w e r amplifier
b A n A F voltage amplifier
c An F M demodulator
d A n R F amplifier

13.65

In frequency m o d u l a t i o n , noise c o m p o nents w h i c h affect the a m p l i t u d e c a n be


eliminated u s i n g
a A n oscillator

In Q u e s t i o n 13.58 b l o c k is
a A n I F amplifier
b An F M demodulator
c A n A F p o w e r amplifier
d A mixer
In Q u e s t i o n 13.58 b l o c k C is
a A n oscillator
b A n I F amplifier
c A n R F amplifier
d A n A F voltage amplifier

13.66

13.67

In Q u e s t i o n 13.58 b l o c k D is
a A n R F amplifier
b A n I F amplifier
c A n oscillator
d A n A F p o w e r amplifier
T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the last three stages of
a superhet F M receiver. B l o c k is
a A n A F voltage amplifier
b A n R F amplifier
c An F M demodulator
d A n A F p o w e r amplifier

zf

Loudspeaker

b A n integrator
c A n F M limiter circuit
d A differentiator

In the superhet F M receiver a ratio detector c a n b e u s e d in the


a Oscillator
b Demodulator
c Mixer
d R F amplifier

In an F M receiver an a u t o m a t i c frequency
control ( A F C ) circuit is incorporated
between
a I F amplifier a n d oscillator

b I F amplifier a n d m i x e r

c D e m o d u l a t o r a n d oscillator
d Demodulator and mixer

In a typical F M receiver the I F amplifier is


tuned to a frequency of

13.69

13.68
13.62

c A n oscillator
d A n A F p o w e r amplifier

13.64

13.59

In Q u e s t i o n 13.62 b l o c k F is
a An F M demodulator
b A n A F voltage amplifier

93

a
b
c
d

470 kHz + sidebands


4.7 M H z + s i d e b a n d s
8.9 M H z + s i d e b a n d s
10.7 M H z + s i d e b a n d s

In an F M receiver the R F amplifier is


tuned to a frequency of 101 M H z . T h e
oscillator frequency should b e

a 101.7 M H z

b 102.7 M H z
c 110.7 M H z
d 111.7 M H z

94

Radio

13.70

13.71

13.72

If the output frequency from the m i x e r in


an F M receiver is 10.7 M H z and the
oscillator is r u n n i n g at 105.7 M H z , the
receiver is tuned to a frequency of

a 95 M H z
b 96 M H z

c 97 M H z
d 98 M H z

13.73

13.74

All m a i n s - o p e r a t e d receivers n e e d a p o w e r
supply unit w h i c h

a P r o d u c e s oscillations
b P r o d u c e s amplification

c C h a n g e s the A C supply to D C
voltages

d C h a n g e s a D C supply into A C

All superhet receivers require an oscillator.


A n oscillator is a d e v i c e w h i c h
a Amplifies a sine w a v e
b Differentiates a square w a v e

c Rectifies an A C voltage
d P r o d u c e s A C from D C

T h e m a i n difference b e t w e e n the circuits


of the A M a n d F M receivers lies in the
a M i x e r circuit
b D e m o d u l a t o r circuit

c Oscillator circuit

d P o w e r amplifier circuit

In o r d e r to avoid distortion, the m a x i m u m


p e r c e n t a g e m o d u l a t i o n should not e x c e e d
a 89%

13.75

b 90%
100%

d 110%

T h e sensitivity of a r a d i o receiver c a n b e
increased b y

a E m p l o y i n g m o r e than o n e I F
amplifier
b H a v i n g m o r e than o n e oscillator
c H a v i n g m o r e than o n e

demodulator
d Rectification

14

14.1

14.2

Television and tape recorders

T h e television s y s t e m u s e d in the U K is
called

a PCM

b PAL

c PPM
d PWM

T h e n u m b e r of lines in the colour television s y s t e m is


a 600
b 605
c 615

14.3

14.4

14.5

In British television the operating

14.9

c 6 0 5 lines
d 6 2 5 lines

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a simplified b l o c k
d i a g r a m of the e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c s p e c t r u m .
Television is radiated in b l o c k
a
b
c
d

T|
A
| j

I
j

b 30-35 MHz

c 41-68 MHz

d 75-100 MHz

In British television the operating


q u e n c i e s in B a n d 3 are
a 174-216 MHz
b 300-380 MHz
c 390-470 MHz

fre-

d 600-690 MHz

In British television the operating


q u e n c i e s in B a n d 4 are

a 200-300 MHz
b 310-360 MHz
c 400-450 MHz

d 470-582 MHz

14.10

In British television the operating


q u e n c i e s in B a n d 5 are
a 614-854 MHz
b 860-900 MHz
c 900-940 MHz
d 940-995 MHz

14.11

T h e B a n d 1 frequencies are in the


a V L F band
b U H F band
c V H F band
d S H F band

1
2
3
4

Cosmic R a y s I
X Rays
j

a 20-30 MHz

a 5 0 0 lines
b 5 2 5 lines

fre-

q u e n c i e s in B a n d 1 are

c P h a s e alternate line
d P u l s e a m p l i t u d e line

14.7

14.8

In N o r t h a n d S o u t h A m e r i c a , colour television has

In Q u e s t i o n 14.5 visible light is radiated in


block
a 1
b 2
c 3
d 4

d 625

P A L stands for
a P h a s e a m p l i t u d e line
b P u l s e alternate line

14.6

fre-

fre-

96

Television and tape recorders

14.12

14.13

T h e B a n d 5 frequencies are in the

a S H F band
b U H F band

c H F band
d V H F band

a Orange
b Yellow

c Blue
d Green
Visible

Ultra
Violet

14.14

14.15

14.16

14.17

14.19

Band

In Q u e s t i o n 14.13 the colour in b l o c k 3


is
a Green

14.20

In Q u e s t i o n 14.13 the c o l o u r in block 4


is
a Green

b Blue
c Orange
d Yellow

In Q u e s t i o n 14.13 the colour in block 5


is

a Green

b Blue
c Orange
d Yellow

a 5 1 0 and 5 8 0 n m

b 5 8 0 and 6 0 0 n m

c 6 0 0 and 6 3 0 n m

d 6 3 0 and 7 8 0 n m

T h e w a v e l e n g t h s of the o r a n g e
extend approximately between

14.21

T h e w a v e l e n g t h s in n a n o m e t r e s ( n m ) of
the green colour e x t e n d a p p r o x i m a t e l y
between
a 3 8 0 and 4 6 0
b 4 6 0 and 5 1 0
c 510 and 580
d 6 3 0 and 7 8 0

14.22

14.23

14.24

colour

a 5 1 0 and 5 8 0 n m

b 5 8 0 and 6 0 0 n m

c 6 0 0 and 6 3 0 n m
d 6 3 0 and 7 8 0 n m

T h e w a v e l e n g t h s of the b l u e colour extend


approximately between

b Blue
c Orange
d Yellow

Infra
1
2
3
4 5
6
Red
380
460 510 5 8 0 600 6 3 0
7 8 0
W a v e l e n g t h in n a n o m e t r e s

T h e w a v e l e n g t h s of the red colour extend


approximately between

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the visible w a v e b a n d .
T h e colour in block 2 is

14.18

a 4 6 0 and 5 1 0 n m
b 5 1 0 and 5 8 0 n m

c 5 8 0 and 6 0 0 n m

d 6 0 0 and 6 3 0 n m

T h e w a v e l e n g t h s of the yellow
extend approximately between

a 4 6 0 and 5 1 0 n m
b 5 1 0 and 5 8 0 n m
c 5 8 0 and 6 0 0 n m

d 6 0 0 and 6 3 0 n m

T h e w a v e l e n g t h s of the violet
extend a p p r o x i m a t e l y b e t w e e n

a 4 6 0 and 5 1 0 n m
b 3 8 0 and 4 6 0 n m

c 5 1 0 and 5 8 0 n m
d 6 3 0 and 7 8 0 n m

T h e frequency s p e c t r u m of
e x t e n d s a p p r o x i m a5t e l y from
a 4.6 1 0 6 to 5.8
b 3.8 1 0 8 to 7.8
c 3.8 1 0 8 to 7.8
d 4.6 1 0 to 5.8

colour

colour

visible light

5
106 MHz
108 MHz
108 MHz
10 MHz

A light w h i c h contains all the frequencies


of the visible spectrum in the correct
proportions is

a
b
c
d

Black
White
Cyan
Magenta

Television and tape recorders


14.25

T h e three p r i m a r y colours are p r o d u c e d b y

14.32

three c a m e r a tubes. T h e s e colours are

14,26

a Blue, orange, yellow

b G r e e n , red, violet

c Violet, blue, o r a n g e

d Red, blue, green

14.27

14.28

14.33

Cyan
Yellow
Magenta
Violet

a Orange

b Cyan
c Green
d Magenta

14.34

M i x i n g red a n d green lights gives


a
b
c
d

Cyan
White
Orange
Yellow

T h e three c o m p l e m e n t a r y

14.35

a 640 nm

b 650 nm
c 700 nm
d 770 nm

or

a
b
c
d

secondary

W h i t e , yellow, c y a n
Black, yellow, m a g e n t a
Yellow, m a g e n t a , c y a n
White, magenta, cyan

d Blue

W h e n the colours y e l l o w a n d m a g e n t a are


m i x e d the resultant colour is

a
b
c
d

White
Orange
Blue
Red

In a television c a m e r a the w a v e l e n g t h of
the green signal is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

14.36

14.37

a
b
c
d

546
566
570
575

nm
nm
nm
nm

In a television c a m e r a the w a v e l e n g t h of
the b l u e signal is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

W h e n the colours c y a n a n d m a g e n t a are


m i x e d the resultant c o l o u r is
a Yellow
b White
c Orange

14.31

Red
White
Blue
Green

In a television c a m e r a the w a v e l e n g t h of
the red signal is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

colours are

14.30

a
b
c
d

M i x i n g red a n d b l u e lights gives

14.29

a
b
c
d

W h e n the colours c y a n a n d yellow are


m i x e d the resultant colour is

M i x i n g green a n d b l u e light gives

97

a
b
c
d

400
420
436
500

nm
nm
nm
nm

A studio c a m e r a p r o d u c e s a c h r o m i n a n c e
signal. T h i s signal contains information
about

a The musical content

b T h e speech content
c T h e brightness of the scene
d T h e c o l o u r content of the scene

A studio c a m e r a also p r o d u c e s a l u m i n a n c e signal w h i c h gives information


about
a T h e c o l o u r content of the scene

b T h e brightness c o n t e n t of the

scene
c T h e m u s i c a l content
d T h e s p e e c h content

98

Television and tape recorders

14.38

In the British 625-line system the t y p e of


m o d u l a t i o n used for the vision signal is
a Frequency

b Amplitude
c Pulse duration

d Pulse code

14.44

14.45
14.39

In the British 625-line s y s t e m the type of


m o d u l a t i o n u s e d for the s o u n d signal is
a P u l s e position
b Pulse c o d e
c Frequency

14.40

d Amplitude

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a simplified block
d i a g r a m of the first six stages of a colour
television receiver. B l o c k A is
a A n I F amplifier
b A n A F C stage
c A U H F tuner
d A v i d e o detector

14.46

a
b
c
d

A U H F amplifier
A n oscillator
A n A F C stage
A mixer

14.42

In Q u e s t i o n 14.40 b l o c k C is
a A n I F amplifier
b A U H F amplifier
c A mixer
d A n A F C stage

14.43

In Question 14.40 b l o c k D is
a A mixer
b A v i d e o detector
c A n oscillator
d A n A F C stage

a A U H F amplifier

b A v i d e o detector

c A n oscillator

d A mixer

In Q u e s t i o n 14.40 b l o c k F is
a
b
c
d

A n A F C stage
A v i d e o detector
A U H F amplifier
A n oscillator

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the s o u n d system in a
television receiver. B l o c k A is
a A timebase
b A s o u n d amplifier
c An F M demodulator
d A n oscillator

Video
Detector

Loudspeaker

14.47

In Q u e s t i o n 14.46 b l o c k is
a A n A F amplifier
b A s o u n d amplifier
c A timebase
d An F M demodulator

14.48

In Q u e s t i o n 14.46 b l o c k C is

In Q u e s t i o n 14.40 b l o c k is

^a^b|^c["^1d[~^~

14.41

In Q u e s t i o n 14.40 b l o c k is

14.49

a A n oscillator

b An F M demodulator
c A n A F amplifier
d A timebase

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the inputs to the


tricolour c a t h o d e ray t u b e ' s three-electron
g u n s . B l o c k A is
a An F M modulator
b A l u m i n a n c e amplifier
c A c h r o m i n a n c e amplifier
c A colour d e c o d e r

[Sector

H H W K^]
T

Television and tape recorders


14.50

14.51

14.52

14.57

In Q u e s t i o n 14.49 b l o c k is
a A colour decoder
b A c h r o m i n a n c e amplifier

a 0.01 s
b 0.02 s

c A l u m i n a n c e amplifier

c 0.03 s

d A n I F amplifier

d 0.04 s

c A n I F amplifier

d A n A F amplifier

14.58

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the r e m a i n i n g inputs
to the c a t h o d e ray t u b e . B l o c k A is

a A line t i m e b a s e
b A c o n v e r g e n c e circuit

c A field t i m e b a s e
d A sync separator

14.59

14.53

cathode

In Q u e s t i o n 14.52 b l o c k is
a A line t i m e b a s e

14.54

ray

tube

14.61

b A field t i m e b a s e
c A sync separator
d A n E H T circuit

In Q u e s t i o n 14.53 b l o c k C is
a A n E H T circuit
b A sync separator
c A c o n v e r g e n c e circuit
d A line t i m e b a s e

T h e frequency of the line t i m e b a s e is

a 10625 Hz
b 15 6 2 5 H z

c 18425 Hz
d 20425 Hz

T h e frequency of the field t i m e b a s e is

14.60
Luminance
Amplifier

T h e line t i m e b a s e scans 6 2 5 lines in

In Q u e s t i o n 14.49 b l o c k C is
a A colour d e c o d e r
b A c h r o m i n a n c e amplifier

14.62

In Q u e s t i o n 14.53 b l o c k D is
a A line t i m e b a s e
b A n E H T circuit
c A sync separator
d A field t i m e b a s e
In Q u e s t i o n 14.53 b l o c k is
a A n E H T circuit
b A sync separator

c A field t i m e b a s e
d A line t i m e b a s e

25Hz
50Hz
100 H z
625 Hz

a 240-410 V
b 600-800 V
c 2 - 4 kV

d 18-24 kV

If a television receiver is tuned to a station


with a frequency of 7 0 0 M H z , the oscillator frequency will b e a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 704.5 M H z
b 739.5 M H z

c 800.6 M H z
d 850.5 M H z

T h e line t i m e b a s e in a television receiver


a Deflects the c a t h o d e ray tube

14.63

14.56

a
b
c
d

T h e c a t h o d e ray t u b e will n e e d an E H T
supply in the r e g i o n of

14.55

99

spot horizontally
b Deflects the c a t h o d e ray tube
spot vertically
c C h a n g e s the brightness of the
spot
d F o c u s e s the c a t h o d e ray t u b e spot

T h e m i n i m u m spacing b e t w e e n c h a n n e l s
in the British 6 2 5 line s y s t e m is
a 2 MHz
b 4 MHz

c 6 MHz
d 8 MHz

100
14.64

14.65

14.66

Television and tape recorders


T h e b a n d w i d t h of a v i d e o amplifier in a
television receiver is

14.68

14.69

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a simplified block
d i a g r a m of a tape recorder. B l o c k 1 is

a 2.4 M H z

a A playback head

b 4.2 M H z

b A n erase h e a d

c 5.5 M H z
d 10.5 M H z

c A n a u d i o amplifier

d A p l a y b a c k amplifier

Plastic
a
b
c
d

tapes used in tape recorders u s e


Particles of zinc
Particles of lead
Particles of iron o x i d e
Particles of m a n g a n i n

T h e front g a p width in a r e c o r d i n g h e a d
m u s t b e very n a r r o w in o r d e r to give a
satisfactory
a L o w frequency r e s p o n s e

14.67

14.70

SCILLATORp^l

a 1.5 X 10~ 3inches


b 1.85 X 10~ 3 inches
c 2.15 X 10~ inches

d 3.75 X 1 0 ^ inches

T h e frequency of the bias signal in a tape


recorder lies in the r a n g e
a 5-lOHz
b 5-15 kHz
c 40-100 kHz
d 2-4 MHz

T h e bias signal in
to
a Eliminate
b Eliminate
c Eliminate
d Eliminate

\/

14.71

b H i g h frequency r e s p o n s e
c N o i s e level
d Amplification figure

With a tape speed of 7.5 inches p e r second,


o n e cycle of a 2 0 - k H z signal will o c c u p y a
length o n the tape 2of

LDUDSPEAKER

AUDIO
NA
ALL-->>-
SIGN

\/

3
\
/\

In Q u e s t i o n 14.70 b l o c k 2 is
a A p l a y b a c k amplifier
b A mixer

c A record head
d A n erase head

14.72

In Q u e s t i o n 14.70 b l o c k 3 is
a A n erase h e a d
b A record head
c A mixer
d A p l a y b a c k amplifier

14.73

In Q u e s t i o n 14.70 b l o c k 4 is
a A n erase h e a d
b A r e c o r d head
c A mixer
d A playback head

14.74

In Q u e s t i o n 14.70 b l o c k 5 is
a A mixer
b A n erase head
c A record head
d A playback head

14.75

In Q u e s t i o n 14.70 b l o c k 6 is
a A n erase h e a d
b A playback head
c A mixer
d A record h e a d

a tape recorder is u s e d
distortion
noise
wow
flutter

15

15.1

Voltage supplies and health and safety

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a t w o - p h a s e three-wire
voltage s y s t e m w h e r e V a n d V
x
2 are
displaced b y 9 0 . If V = V = 2 0 0 0 V, the
x
2
voltage V is

15.5

A voltage supply s y s t e m identical to the


o n e in Q u e s t i o n 15.1 h a s 5 6 5 6 V b e t w e e n
the outer c o n d u c t o r s . T h e p h a s e voltages
are
2kV
b 3 kV
c 4kV
d 5 kV

15.6

T h e p h a s e currents in a t w o - p h a s e threewire s y s t e m are 120 A a n d 160 A. If the


currents are in p h a s e with their respective
voltages, t h e current in the neutral w i r e I
3
is
175 A
b 180 A
c 200 A
d 210 A

15.7

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.6 the currents are 15 A


a n d 2 0 A , the current in the neutral is

a 2222 V

ft 2 4 2 8 V

d 5656 V
II

[jL_L
15.2

15.3

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.1 the currents l a n d l


x
2
are displaced b y 9 0 a n d I =I
X 2 = 240 A,
the current I is
3
a 248.42 A

b 339.36 A
c 440.62 A

d 480.24 A

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.1 the p h a s e voltages V


x
a n d V are both 10 kV, the voltage b e t w e e n
2
the outer c o n d u c t o r s V is
3
14.14 k V

15.4

b 18.18 k V
c 20.14 kV
d 28.28 k V

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.1 t h e p h a s e currents I
x
and I are both 6 0 A , the current I in the
2
3
neutral w i r e is
72.44 A
b 76.32 A
c 80.24 A
d 84.84 A

25 A
ft 3 0 A

15.8

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.6 the currents are 6 0 A


a n d 8 0 A , the current in the neutral is

15.9

c 35 A
d 40 A

ft
c
d

95 A
100 A
120 A
125 A

If in a t w o - p h a s e three-wire s y s t e m the
current in the neutral is 12.5 A a n d the
current in p h a s e 1 is 10 A , the current in
p h a s e 2 is

ft
c
d

6.4
7.5
8.5
8.8

A
A
A
A

102
15.10

Voltage supplies and health and safety


If in Q u e s t i o n 15.9 the current in t h e
neutral wire is 150 A and the current in
p h a s e 1 is 9 0 A , the current in p h a s e 2 is

a 100 A
ft 105 A

c 110 A
d 120 A

15.15

a 400 V
ft 6 0 0 V

15.16
15.11

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.9 the current in the


neutral wire is 7 5 A a n d the current in
p h a s e 2 is 6 0 A, the current in p h a s e 1 is
a 40 A
ft 4 2 A
c 45 A
d 50 A
15.17

15.12

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.12 the line voltages are


1038 V, the p h a s e voltages are

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a star-connected secondary w i n d i n g of a transformer. If the


p h a s e voltages are 231 V, the line voltage
V is

c 800 V

d 900 V

A three-phase 2 4 0 - V
delta-connected
induction m o t o r takes a line current of 5 0
A at a p o w e r factor of 0.9. T h e input p o w e r
w h i c h is the active p o w e r is

a 16.6 k W
ft 18.7 k W
c 19.2 k W

d 19.8 k W

In Q u e s t i o n 15.16 the apparent p o w e r is


a 12.42 kVA
ft 14.81 kVA

c 16.33 kVA
d 2 0 . 7 6 kVA

a 330 V
ft 3 6 0 V

15.14

In Q u e s t i o n
a 26.6
ft 28.9
c 33.2
d 40.8

15.19

A three-phase 4 1 0 - V
delta-connected
induction m o t o r takes a line current of
4 5 A at a p o w e r factor of 0.9. T h e active
p o w e r is

c 400 V
d 440 V

15.13

15.18

VL

In Q u e s t i o n 15.12, if the p h a s e currents are


2 0 0 A , the line currents are
a 200 A
ft 2 8 2 A
c 346 A
d 400 A

If in Q u e s t i o n 15.12 the p h a s e voltages are


5 0 0 V, the line voltages are
a 470 V
ft 7 0 0 V
c 760 V
d 865 V

15.16 the p h a s e currents are


A
A
A
A

a 24.308
ft 2 6 . 6 1 2
c 28.727
d 31.604

kW
kW
kW
kW

15.20

In Q u e s t i o n 15.19 the apparent p o w e r is


a 18.402 kVA
ft 2 2 . 6 1 2 kVA
c 2 4 . 8 1 3 kVA
d 3 1 . 9 1 9 kVA

15.21

In Q u e s t i o n 15.19 the p h a s e currents are


a 26 A
ft 3 2 A
c 34 A
d 38 A

Voltage supplies and health and safety


15.22

three-phase

650-V

delta-connected

15.28

induction m o t o r takes a line current of


3 0 A at a p o w e r factor of 0.8. T h e active
p o w e r is

15.23

15.24

15.25

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s the alternator of Q u e s tion 15.25 c o n n e c t e d in delta a n d delivering the s a m e current. T h e line voltage V
L
is

a 24.667 k W

a 200 V

b 26.988 k W

b 310 V
c 410 V
d 450 V

c 30.667 k W

d 42.343 k W

In Q u e s t i o n 15.22 the a p p a r e n t p o w e r is
a 2 5 . 1 6 8 kVA
b 2 7 . 8 8 2 kVA

c 2 8 . 6 2 1 kVA

d 3 3 . 7 3 5 kVA

In Q u e s t i o n 15.22 the p h a s e currents are


a 17.34 A

b 18.62 A

c 20.47 A
d 24.56 A

IL

15.29

In Q u e s t i o n 15.28 the line current I is


L
a 26.4 A

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an alternator c o n n e c t e d in star. If the p h a s e voltage V is


P
2 0 0 V a n d the p h a s e current on full load is
2 0 A , the line voltage V is
L
a 300 V
b 346 V
c 400 V
d 410 V

15.30

15.31
IL

b 28.1 A
c 30.3 A
d 34.6 A

In Q u e s t i o n
p o w e r is
a 10.67
b 11.97
c 12.62
d 13.11

15.28 the a p p a r e n t

output

kVA
kVA
kVA
kVA

A n alternator is c o n n e c t e d in star. W h e n
fully l o a d e d the p h a s e current is 6 0 A . If
the p h a s e voltage is 110 V, the line voltage
is

a 150.4 V

b 160.6 V
c 175.6 V

d 190.3 V

15.26

In Q u e s t i o n 15.25 the line current 7 is


L
a 20 A
b 28 A
c 34 A
d 36 A

15.32

In Q u e s t i o n 15.31 t h e line current is


a 35 A
b 45 A
c 60 A
d 65 A

15.27

In Q u e s t i o n
p o w e r is
a 10.12
b 10.98
c 11.97
d 12.16

15.33

In Q u e s t i o n 15.31 the a p p a r e n t
p o w e r is
a 18.612 kVA
b 19.753 kVA
c 2 0 . 6 6 7 kVA
d 2 2 . 3 3 4 kVA

15.25 the a p p a r e n t
kVA
kVA
kVA
kVA

output

103

output

104

Voltage supplies and health and safety

15.34

If the alternator

in Q u e s t i o n

15.31

c o n n e c t e d in m e s h s u p p l y i n g the

is

15.41

a Red

a 110 V

b Blue

b 190 V

c Black

c 220 V

d Green

d 240 V

load, the line voltage is

15.35

15.42

In Q u e s t i o n 15.34 the line current is

a 88.8 A

b 90.6 A

c 103.8 A

d 110.6 A
15.43

15.36

In Q u e s t i o n 15.34 the a p p a r e n t
p o w e r is
a 16.824 kVA
b 19.753 kVA

15.37

output

c 20.381 kVA
d 4 0 . 6 7 1 kVA

15.44

S o d a acid a n d c a r b o n d i o x i d e are types of


portable

15.38

a
b
c
d

F o a m extinguishers
Water extinguishers
Vaporizing liquid extinguishers
Dry powder extinguishers

15.45

F o a m fire extinguishers are c o l o u r e d

a Blue
b Black

c Red
d Green

B u r n i n g materials such as paper, w o o d and


textiles constitute a

a C l a s s A fire
b Class fire
c Class C fire

d C l a s s D fire

B u r n i n g petrol, paint, oils a n d fats constitute a

a C l a s s A fire
b Class fire
c Class C fire

d C l a s s D fire

A fire i n v o l v i n g live electrical e q u i p m e n t


w h e r e there is a d a n g e r of shock is
classed

a A
b

b Red
c Green
d W h i t e or c r e a m

c C
d

Water fire extinguishers are c o l o u r e d


a
b
c
d

Red
Green
Blue
Black
15.47

15.40

a Black

D r y p o w d e r fire extinguishers are coloured

a Black

b Red
c Blue
d Green

are

C a r b o n d i o x i d e gas fire extinguishers are


coloured

15.46
15.39

Vaporizing liquid fire extinguishers


coloured

same

T h e m o s t effective agent for a fire involving w o o d a n d p a p e r is

a C a r b o n d i o x i d e gas
b Dry powder

c Foam
d Water

T h e m o s t effective agent for a fire involving liquids, gases and electrical e q u i p m e n t


is

a
b
c
d

Water
Dry powder
Vaporizing liquid
Dry powder

Voltage supplies and health and safety


15.48

T h e m o s t effective agent for a fire involv-

15.55

ing electrical and electronic e q u i p m e n t is

15.49

15.50

a Helmets

b Dry powder

b Earplugs
c Masks
d Safety b o o t s

c C a r b o n d i o x i d e gas

d Water

T h e m o s t effective agent for a fire involving petrol, oil, fat a n d paint is


a Foam
b C a r b o n d i o x i d e gas

15.56

T h e m o s t effective agent for a fire involving m o t o r vehicles and laboratory e q u i p m e n t is

a Water
b Foam

c Vaporizing liquid
d Dry powder

A n individual c a n b e protected
electrostatic b u i l d - u p by u s i n g

a
b
c
d

15.57

against

A n individual c a n b e protected against


inhaling toxic gases a n d v a p o u r s by
using
a Gloves

b A respirator
c A face screen
d P r o p e r clothing

a
b
c
d

Vapours
Fumes
Dusts
Gases

Z i n c c a d m i u m is an e x a m p l e of a hazardous

Goggles
Safety b o o t s
A helmet
A face screen

b Aprons
c Spectacles
d Boiler suits

N i t r o g e n oxides a n d c a r b o n m o n o x i d e are
e x a m p l e s of h a z a r d o u s

15.59
15.52

T h e eyes c a n b e protected against c h e m ical splash u s i n g


a Clogs

c Water
d Dry powder

15.58
15.51

Protection against falling or flying objects


is a c h i e v e d u s i n g

a Foam

105

a
b
c
d

Fume
Dust
Gas
Vapour

W h e n a v e r a g e d o v e r an 8-hour day the


H S E C o d e of Practice r e c o m m e n d s that n o
o n e should b e e x p o s e d to a n o i s e level of
m o r e than

a 75 dB(A)
b 80 dB(A)

c 90 dB(A)

d 100 d B ( A )

15.53

A n electrical e n g i n e e r c a n b e protected
against electric s h o c k b y
a W e a r i n g spectacles
b F a c e screens
c U s i n g earplugs
d W e a r i n g gloves

15.60

W e l d i n g , c a r b o n arc and v a p o u r
e m i t spectral radiation in the
a N e a r infra-red
b Ultraviolet
c F a r infra-red
d VHF

15.54

Protection against high-intensity noise can


b e achieved u s i n g

15.61

S u n b u r n a n d skin c a n c e r are c a u s e d by
spectral radiation in the
a Ultraviolet
b RF
c Audible
d VLF

a
b
c
d

Goggles
Helmets
E a r p l u g s or muffs
Gloves

lamps

106
15.62

Voltage supplies and health and safety


Electrical tools used o u t d o o r s are
w o r k e d from
a A three-pin p l u g

15.63

15.64

15.65

15.67

15.68

b A n isolating transformer
c A two-pin plug
d A low-loss cable

U n d e r the current colour c o d e for a threec o r e flexible c a b l e the neutral lead is


coloured

a Blue
b Brown

c Yellow
d Pink

Electricity from o v e r h e a d p o w e r lines can


flash over to objects p l a c e d

a 10-15 m away
b 2 4 - 2 6 m away

c 6 0 - 6 5 m away
d 9 0 - 9 5 m away

U s i n g a ladder in the w o r k p l a c e requires


that the ladder should e x t e n d a m i n i m u m
distance a b o v e the landing place of
a 0.1 m
b 0.5 m
c 1.0 m
d 2.5 m

T h e m a x i m u m distance b e t w e e n vertical
supports in scaffolds is
a 10-12 m
b 8-9 m

15.66

best

15.69

U n d e r the current colour c o d e for a threecore flexible cable the live lead is coloured
a Yellow
b Green/yellow
c Brown
d Blue

b Green/yellow

c Blue
d Pink

15.70

A suitable fuse for a 1-kW heater is


a 2 A
b 3 A
c 5 A
d 13 A

15.71

A suitable fuse for a 3 - k W heater is


a 2 A
b 3 A
c 5 A
d 13 A

15.72

A three-phase supply from a substation


will h a v e a voltage b e t w e e n the lines of
a 110 V
b 240 V
c 330 V
d 415 V

15.73

In Q u e s t i o n 15.72 the voltage b e t w e e n any


p h a s e a n d the neutral c o n d u c t o r is
a 110 V
b 200 V
c 240 V
d 310 V

c 6-7.5 m
d 2-2.5 m

Guardrails m u s t be p r o v i d e d a b o v e the top


platform of a d e s i g n e d scaffold. T h e height
of the guardrail a b o v e the platform m u s t
not b e less than
a 1.0 m
b 2.5 m
c 4.2 m
d 5.0 m

U n d e r the current colour c o d e for a threec o r e flexible cable the earth lead is coloured
a Brown

Voltage supplies and health and safety


15.74

T h e r e c o m m e n d e d fuse for a d o m e s t i c
m a i n s - d r i v e n radio set is

15.75

107

In television receivers a n d c a t h o d e ray


oscilloscopes the voltages c a n be as high

a 3 A

b 5 A

as

a 500 V

c 1 A

b 800 V

d 13 A

c 3 kV
d 20 kV

16

16.1

16.2

Filters and attenuators

If the output and input p o w e r s of an


electronic n e t w o r k are 2 W and 0.01 W
respectively, the gain in decibels (dB) is
a 10
b 12
c 23
d 33

If an
40 W

16.3

electronic n e t w o r k has an input of


and an output of 4 0 W, the gain is
aOdB
b 6 dB

16.6

b 3 dB

c 6 dB
d 13 d B

c 3

-6

16.7

If a n e t w o r k has an input of 25 W and an


output of 0.5 W, the gain in decibels is
a 13
b -10
c -17
d 20

16.8

If a n e t w o r k has an output of 4 0 W and an


input of 2 0 0 W, the gain in decibels is
a -7
b 8
c -9
d 9

c 12 d B
d 18 d B

A n e t w o r k has an input of 0.3 m W and an


output of 6 m W . T h e gain is
a 2 dB

A n e t w o r k has an input of 8 W and an


output of 2 W. T h e gain in decibels is
a 6
b -12

16.4

A n e t w o r k has a p o w e r gain of 6 0 d B . If
the output p o w e r is 1460 W, the input
p o w e r is
a 1.26 m W
b 1.46 m W
c 2.46 m W
d 4.24 m W

16.9

A filter has a p o w e r gain of - 4 0 d B . If the


input p o w e r is 100 W, the output p o w e r
is
a 0.001 W
b 0.01 W
c 0.1 W
d 1.0 W

16.5

A n e t w o r k has a p o w e r gain of 120 d B . If


the output p o w e r is 4 M W , the input p o w e r
is
a 4 mW
b 40 m W
c 4 W
d 40 W

16.10

A n e t w o r k has a p o w e r gain of - 1 . 5 d B . If
the input p o w e r is 6 6 W, the output p o w e r
is
a 25.48 W
b 26.17 W
c 30.38 W
d 46.72 W

Filters and attenuators


16.11

A n e t w o r k h a s a p o w e r gain of - 3 d B . If

16.17

the input p o w e r is 100 W, the output p o w e r


is

16.12

16.14

16.15

a 36.67
ft 4 1 . 5 8

c 60 W

c 48.24

d 62 W

d 49.36

A n e t w o r k h a s a v o l t a g e gain of - 6 d B . If
the input voltage is 10 V, the output
voltage is

16.18

If four n e t w o r k s c o n n e c t e d in series h a v e
gains of - 6 0 d B , 7 8 d B , 10 d B a n d
- 2 9 d B , the overall gain is

a 2 V
ft 3 V

a - 1 dB
ft 1 d B

c 5 V
d 7 V

c 39 dB
d - 8 8 dB

A filter h a s a v o l t a g e gain of - 1 2 d B . If the


input voltage is 4 8 V, the output voltage
is

a 8 V
ft 10 V
c 12 V

d 24 V

A filter h a s a v o l t a g e gain of - 6 0 d B . If the


input voltage is 1500 V, the output voltage
is
a 1.2 V

ft 1.5 V
c 10 V

d 15 V

16.19

a
ft
c
d

6
12
18
24

T h e input current to a n e t w o r k is 190 A


a n d the output current is 1.3 . T h e loss
in decibels is
a 20.2
ft 21.5
c 28.6
d 43.3

If four n e t w o r k s c o n n e c t e d in series h a v e
gains of - 0 . 5 d B , - 0 . 3 d B , - 2 d B a n d
+6.8 d B , the overall gain is
a 2 dB
ft - 2 d B

16.20

M e a s u r e m e n t s on a filter n e t w o r k s h o w e d
that the input current w a s 16.5 a n d that
the output current w a s 8.25 . T h e loss
in decibels is

16.16

T h e input current to a filter is 0.6 m A a n d


the output is 5 . T h e loss in decibels
is

ft 55 W

16.13

a 50 W

109

c4dB

d - 4 dB

The diagram shows a two-stage network.


T h e gain of stage 1 is

a 1

ft 5
c 6
d 8

|l.av

| | V6

| | 2V4

16.21

In Q u e s t i o n 16.20 the gain of stage 2 is


a 4
ft 8
c 12
d 20

16.22

In Q u e s t i o n 16.20 the overall gain is


a 12
ft 2 0
c 2
d 4

110
16.23

Filters and attenuators


In Q u e s t i o n 16.20 t h e gain of stage 1 in
decibels is
a 6.44

16.24

16.25

16.26

b 10.22
c 10.88
d 13.98

a 12
b 14

c 18
d 20

a 18
b 22

c 26
d 34

a 10

b 20
c 100
d 1000

in

16.31

jaov

16.32

a 13
b 15
21
d 21

In Q u e s t i o n
decibels is
a 23

gain

in

b 45
c 73
d 87

a
b
c
d

0 . 0 5V
|

16.26 the overall

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s another
n e t w o r k . T h e overall gain is

two-stage

10
12
14
20

1 . 0V

9D V

16.33

T h e gain of stage 2 in Q u e s t i o n 16.32 is


a 0.5
b 0.67
c 1.0
d 1.5

16.34

T h e overall gain in Q u e s t i o n
decibels is
a 18
b 26
c 30
d 34

In Q u e s t i o n 16.26 the gain of stage 2 is


a 4

16.28

gain

b 20
c 30
d 60

In Q u e s t i o n 16.26 the gain of stage 2 in


decibels is

The diagram shows another two-stage


n e t w o r k . T h e gain of stage 1 is

16.30

In Q u e s t i o n 16.20 t h e overall
decibels is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

In Q u e s t i o n 16.26 the gain of stage 1 in


decibels is
a 10

In Q u e s t i o n 16.20 the gain of stage 2 in


decibels is

0 . 0 2V

16.27

16.29

b 4.5
c 4.8
d 5.0

In Q u e s t i o n 16.26 the overall gain is


a 400
b 500
c 4500
d 5000

16.32 in

Filters and attenuators


16.35

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a three-stage n e t w o r k .
T h e overall gain is
a 75
ft 80
c 100
d 120

J0.6V

16.36

16.37

16.38

7.2V

3.6V

In Q u e s t i o n 16.35 the overall gain


decibels is
a 25.74
b 30.28
c 36.64
d 41.58

3 6V

! 9V

T h e gain of stage 2 in Q u e s t i o n 16.38 in


decibels is
a -6
b -12
c 6
d 12

16.41

T h e overall gain of the n e t w o r k in Q u e s tion 16.38 in decibels is


a 17.16
b 19.58
c 21.83
d 23.52

16.42

The diagram
output p o w e r
a 14.4
b 16.7
c 19.9
d 26.3

in

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a n o t h e r three-stage
network. T h e gain of stage 2 is
a 0.1
b 0.25
c 1.25
d 25

| l . 8V

16.40

J72V

In Q u e s t i o n 16.35 the gain of stage 2 in


decibels is
a -6
b 6
c -12
d 12

16.43

- 4 dB

If in Q u e s t i o n 16.42 the gain is - 1 2 d B and


the input p o w e r is 1.0 W, the output p o w e r
is
a 26
ft 6 3
c 78
J 88

| 2 7V

T h e overall gain in Q u e s t i o n 16.38 is


a 10
b 12
c 15
d 20

s h o w s a single stage. T h e
W2 is
W
W
W
W

Wt*50W

16.44
16.39

111

mW
mW
mW
mW

If in Q u e s t i o n 16.42 the gain is - 3 0 d B and


the output p o w e r is 1.0 W, the input p o w e r
is
a 10
ft 100
c 500
d 1000

112

Filters and attenuators

16.45

The diagram shows a simple low-pass


filter. T h e output voltage V at the - 3 - d B
c
point is

16.50

the - 3 - d B point is

a 87 H z

a 16.97 V

b 101 H z

b 18.42 V
c 19.04 V

c 103 H z

d 117 H z

d 20.68 V
16.51

2 4V

16.46

16.48

L 5Fu ZJZ

Vc

T h e voltage across the resistor in Q u e s t i o n


16.45 at the - 3 - d B point is

16.47

a
b
c
d

11.38
12.67
16.97
19.62

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a l o w - p a s s filter,
w h e r e the i n d u c t a n c e s h a v e values of 1/2.
T h e filter is required to h a v e a design
i m p e d a n c e of 3 0 0 a n d a cut-off freq u e n c y of 100 H z . T h e value of L is

a 863 m H

b 900 m H
c 955 m H

d 996 m H

V
V
V
V

Z/2

L /2

In Q u e s t i o n 16.45 the cut-off frequency at


the - 3 - d B point is

a 16.62 H z

b 48.23 Hz

c 60.18 Hz
d 65.33 Hz

16.52

a
b
c
d

21.21
42.42
46.21
48.42

V
V
V
V

16.53

6 8 0R

3 0V

2 u Z
F I

Vc

11

In Q u e s t i o n 16.48 the voltage across the


resistor at the - 3 - d B point is

a
b
c
d

10.61
16.82
21.21
24.42

V
V
V
V

T h e value of C in Q u e s t i o n 16.51 is

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s another simple l o w pass filter. T h e output voltage V at the


c
- 3 - d B point is

16.49

In Q u e s t i o n 16.48 the cut-off frequency at

a
b
c
d

10.05
10.61
14.34
17.82

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a l o w - p a s s filter
w h e r e the capacitors h a v e values of C/2. It
is a r e q u i r e m e n t for the design i m p e d a n c e
to b e 6 0 0 a n d the cut-off frequency to b e
5 0 H z . T h e value of C is

a
b
c
d

10.61
12.32
14.41
16.57

Filters and attenuators


16.54

T h e value of
a 2.84
b 3.06
c 3.82
d 4.86

16.55

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a high-pass filter,
w h e r e the capacitors h a v e the values 2 C . If
the design i m p e d a n c e is 6 0 0 and the cutoff frequency is 150 H z , the value of C is
approximately
a 0.62
b 0.69
c 0.88
d 0.92

L in Q u e s t i o n 16.53 is
H
H
H
H

16.58

In Q u e s t i o n 16.57 the
approximately
a 400 m H
b 597 m H
c 632 m H
d 704 m H

16.59

The diagram shows a symmetrical


attenuator. T h e characteristic i m p e d a n c e
RQ is
a 10
b 20
c 40
J 60
RL

jj

2 0R

1111

R o _^

16.57

the

value

of L

is

2R

I
2R
0
3R0

_
^

Ro

"T T~

16.60

T h e attenuation of the n e t w o r k in Question


16.59 is
a 3
b 5
c 1
d 9

16.61

T h e voltage attenuation in Q u e s t i o n 16.59


e x p r e s s e d in decibels is
a 7.3
b 9.5
c 10.6
d 12.1

16.62

If in Q u e s t i o n 16.59 Rx = 80 and R2 =
120 , the characteristic i m p e d a n c e RQ is
a 110
b 120
c 150
d 160

16.63

T h e attenuation in Q u e s t i o n 16.62 is
a 2
b 3
c 6
d 1

is

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a high-pass filter,
w h e r e the inductors h a v e values 2L. If the
design i m p e d a n c e is 3 0 0 a n d the cut-off
frequency is 4 0 H z , the value of C is
approximately
a 4.87
b 5.31
c 6.63
d 7.24

Hh

of L

^ L

In Q u e s t i o n 16.55
approximately
a 0.11
b 0.16
c 0.28
d 0.32

value

l R

16.56

113

114
16.64

16.65

Filters and attenuators


T h e voltage attenuation in Q u e s t i o n 16.62
e x p r e s s e d in decibels is

a 3.1
b 4.8

c 7.6
d 9.5

16.69

The diagram shows a symmetrical


attenuator. It is a r e q u i r e m e n t for the
attenuator to h a v e an attenuation of 6 d B
a n d a characteristic i m p e d a n c e of 6 0 0 .
T h e value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a
b
c
d

108
199
250
360

Rl

16.70

l R

16.67

T h e value of R

2 in Q u e s t i o n 16.65 is

16.71

b 716
c 803
d 863

If it is a r e q u i r e m e n t in Q u e s t i o n 16.65 for
the attenuation to b e 32 d B a n d the
characteristic i m p e d a n c e to b e 4 0 0 , the
value of R is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a
b
c
d

264
280
320
380

16.72

CR

5 0R0

BR

R2

b 143
c 202
d 287

In Q u e s t i o n 16.69 the value of R


c
approximately

a 408

b 550
c 648
d 877

T h e value of R in Q u e s t i o n 16.67 is
2
a 20
b 42
c 68
d 91

is

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a s y m m e t r i c a l
attenuator. UR = 2 0 and R = 3 0 , the
X
2
characteristic i m p e d a n c e is

a
b
c
d

10
15
20
60

Rl

16.68

1 0R
00

In Q u e s t i o n 16.69 the value of R


B is
approximately
a 112

R2

163
285
367
400

approximately
a 608

a
b
c
d

RA

Rl

16.66

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an a s y m m e t r i c a l
attenuator. If t h e attenuation of the netw o r k is 10, the value of R is a p p r o x A
imately

7
R2

_r

R
2

iL

Filters and attenuators


16.73

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s an a s y m m e t r i c a l

16.74

attenuator together with the s o u r c e i m p e d ance R

In Q u e s t i o n

x a n d the load i m p e d a n c e R2. If the

ft 6 0

of R

c 75

99

A is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 65

16.73 the value of

a 33

attenuation of the n e t w o r k is 10, the value

16.73 the value of

approximately

ft 82

c 88

d 97
16.75

RB

-hr
40R

RI

RA

RC

R2

10R

-_

In Q u e s t i o n
approximately

a
ft
c
d

11
19
29
75

17

Denary, binary and logic gates

17.1

Denary
a
ft
c
d

17.2

D e n a r y 9 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 3 is

17.3

17.4

17.5

17.6

a
b
c
d

9 e x p r e s s e d in base 5 is
12
16
20
14

16
74
100
123

17.7

T h e n u m b e r 3 0 in base 5 expressed in
d e n a r y is
a 5
ft 10
c 15
d 250

17.8

T h e n u m b e r 251 in b a s e 6 expressed in
d e n a r y is

D e n a r y 19 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 6 is

a 31
b 62
c 72

d 93

17.9

a 101
b 65
c 142

d 36

T h e n u m b e r 111 in b a s e 3 e x p r e s s e d in
d e n a r y is
a 12
ft 13
c 24
d 26
T h e n u m b e r 33 in b a s e 4 e x p r e s s e d in
denary is
a 4
ft 17
c 9
J 15

64
103
127
156

T h e denary n u m b e r 7 w h e n c o n v e r t e d to
binary is

D e n a r y 17 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 4 is

a
ft
c
d

a
ft
c
J

101
111
110
11

17.10

Denary
a
ft
c
d

25 c o n v e r t e d to binary is
11001
1101
11010
10001

17.11

Denary
a
ft
c
d

39 c o n v e r t e d to binary is
110000
111101
100010
100111

17.12

Denary
a
ft
c
d

61 c o n v e r t e d to binary is
1001
11101
111101
111111

Denary, binary and logic gates


17.13

T h e binary n u m b e r 101 w h e n c o n v e r t e d to

17.20

d e n a r y is

17.14

17.15

a 6
b 12

c 5

d l

d 11111

b 16
c 12

d 15

number

T h e binary n u m b e r
d e n a r y is

a 24

b 26
c 30
d 42

1110 c o n v e r t e d

11110 c o n v e r t e d

to

to

17.21

17.22

17.17

T h e binary n u m b e r 110011 c o n v e r t e d to
d e n a r y is

a 11010
b 11011
11010

B i n a r y 1010 subtracted from 1100 gives

a 10

b 11

<T101

100

B i n a r y 11 subtracted from 1111 gives


a 1001

17.23
17.16

T h e addition of binary n u m b e r s 1011 a n d


10100 gives

T h e binary
d e n a r y is
a 14

b 1100
c 1000
d 1010

Binary
gives

10111

a 51
b 60

b 1101
c 1110

c 28
d 34

d 1111

17.24

a 1111
b 10100
c 11000
d 10000

Binary
gives

10111

10001
10010
10111
11011

a
b
c
d

subtracted

from

100000

subtracted

from

101110

1001

T h e addition of binary n u m b e r s 100 a n d


1100 gives

117

17.18

The
1111

addition of binary n u m b e r s 11 and


gives
a 11000
b 10110

c 10010
d 10110

17.25

The
100,

17,19

T h e addition of binary n u m b e r s 10001 a n d


10010 gives
a 100011
b 101011
c 101010
d 110001

17.26

T h e p r o d u c t of the binary n u m b e r s 11 and


101 is

addition of the three binary n u m b e r s


1111 a n d 11010 equals
a 100001
b 101101
c 110001
d 111011

a
b
c
d

1000
1100
1010
1111

118

Denary, binary and logic gates

17.27

T h e p r o d u c t of the binary n u m b e r s 110 a n d


111 is
a
b

17.28

is

a 001100

b 011101

c 111101
d 111110

101111

100000

17.35

a 100010
b 101011
c 111100
d 111110
17.36

17.29

T h e product of the three binary n u m b e r s


11, 100 and 100 is

a 10100
b 110000

c 1010
d 1100

Binary 1100 divided by binary 100 is

a
b
c
d

17.32

Binary 10101 divided by binary 111 is

100011.111001
101000.110000

101001.110010

d 010000.110010

a
b
c
d

T h e binary n u m b e r 100.10111 converted


to octal is
a
b
c
d

4.53
4.56
4.57
4.51

T h e binary n u m b e r 11.1111 converted to


octal is

a 3.74

b 100

c 101
d 111

b 2.71
c 7.70
d 7.74

a 10010
b 10100
c 10101
d 10111

T h e octal n u m b e r 25 e x p r e s s e d in binary
is

a 010101
b 001101
c 010110
d 110101

T h e denary n u m b e r
h e x a d e c i m a l is

17.40

in

31
15
5
25

a 11

17.39

expressed

T h e binary n u m b e r 1101 converted to octal


is

Binary 111100 divided by binary 11 is

51.62

a
b

17.33

number

10
11
100
101
17.38

17.31

T h e octal
binary is

17.37

17.30

T h e octal n u m b e r 4 0 expressed in binary

101010
111010

T h e product of the binary n u m b e r s 110 a n d


1010 is

17.34

a
b
c
d

334

converted

to

23A
2AB
13A
14E

T h e d e n a r y n u m b e r 29.75 c o n v e r t e d to
h e x a d e c i m a l is

a
b
c
d

1D.C
1A.B
1B.B
1C.A

Denary, binary and logic gates


17.41

T h e denary n u m b e r 2 5 2 . 5 c o n v e r t e d

to

17.48

h e x a d e c i m a l is

17.42

a FC.8

b B8.9

c BF.F

d AB.C

H e x a d e c i m a l 2 A B c o n v e r t e d to d e n a r y is
a 324
b 426

17.43

17.44

17.45

17.47

c 683
d 760

H e x a d e c i m a l D . A c o n v e r t e d to d e n a r y is
a 10.25

b 12.5

c
d

17.50

13.625
14.75

H e x a d e c i m a l 1.4 c o n v e r t e d to d e n a r y is
a 120.4
b 150.75
c 175.5
d 225.25

c
d

17.51

10110011
11010010

T h e h e x a d e c i m a l n u m b e r F.E c o n v e r t e d to
binary is
a 1000.1111
b 1111.1110
c 1010.1100
d 1001.1110

The hexadecimal number l.AB converted


to binary is
a 0001.10101011
b 0010.11101011
c 0011.11110000
d 0100.10011001

T h e binary n u m b e r 10011011 c o n v e r t e d to
binary is

a 6F
b 7E

c 8C
d 9B

T h e binary

n u m b e r 11.11 c o n v e r t e d
h e x a d e c i m a l is

a F.D

b 7.C

d 7.7

17.52

to

3.C

T h e binary n u m b e r 110.101 c o n v e r t e d to
h e x a d e c i m a l is
a 6.A
b B.A
c C.5
d D.5

T h e h e x a d e c i m a l n u m b e r A 2 c o n v e r t e d to
binary is
a 10100001
b 10100010

17.46

17.49

119

T h e truth table s h o w n w h e r e A and are


the inputs a n d Q the o u t p u t is for

1
1

a A n A N D gate

b A N A N D gate

0
0

c A n O R gate
d A N O R gate

1
1

In the d i a g r a m the gate is


a
ANAND
b A NOR
c An A N D
d A NOT

1
0
1

1
0

120
17.53

Denary, binary and logic gates


In the gate in Q u e s t i o n 17.52 the n u m b e r
of possible input c o m b i n a t i o n s is
a 2
b 4
c 8

a
b
c
d

1
4
8
2

c 1010
d 1100

a
b
c
d

1000
0001
0111
1110

17.59

W h i c h single gate w o u l d replace


c o m b i n a t i o n in Q u e s t i o n 17.58?
a NAND
b NOT

A
1

If the output of the gate in Q u e s t i o n 17.55


is fed into a N O T gate, the o u t p u t of the
N O T gate will b e

17.57

b 1000

In the gate s h o w n the output Q for all


possible inputs listed as in Q u e s t i o n 17.51
will b e

17.56

a 0011

In Q u e s t i o n 17.52 the n u m b e r of outputs Q


at logic 1 will b e

17.55

Listing the inputs in a s c e n d i n g binary


order for the gate c o m b i n a t i o n s h o w n , the
output Q is

d 16

17.54

17.58

a
b
c
d

17.60

0
1
1

1
0
1

1
1
0

EXCLUSIVE-OR

gives a logic 1 output is

1110
1000
0111
0001

a A n O R gate
b An EXCLUSIVEO R gate
c A N O R gate
d A N A N D gate

c NOR

In the d i a g r a m the input c o m b i n a t i o n that

T h e truth table s h o w n is for

the

a
b
c
d

0
0
1
1

0
1
0
1

Denary, binary and logic gates


17.61

Listing the inputs


order

for

the

in a s c e n d i n g

combination

binary

shown,

17.64

W h i c h single gate could be used to replace


the c o m b i n a t i o n in Q u e s t i o n 17.63?

the

output Q is
a 1110

b 0001

c An OR

c 0011

d An EXCLUSIVE-OR

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a c o m b i n a t i o n of t w o
gates. T h e input c o m b i n a t i o n that gives a
logic 1 output is

17.65

A
= 1

17.62

= 1

A B C

If Q u e s t i o n 17.61 is r e p e a t e d for the gate


c o m b i n a t i o n s h o w n , the output Q is
a 0101
b 1001

c 0110
d 0001

17.63

a
b
c
d

0
0
1
1

0
1
0
1

Lrl

'

c 5
d 8

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o N O R gates u s e d
in t a n d e m . T h e input c o m b i n a t i o n that will
give a logic 1 output is
A B C

a 1
b 0

1
0

1
0

c 1
JO

0
1

1
0

rVi

0
1
1

* 3

17.67

1
1
0

If the gate with inputs A a n d in Q u e s t i o n


17.65 is r e p l a c e d b y a N A N D gate, the
n u m b e r of outputs Q at logic 1 will b e
a 1

17.66

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a c o m b i n a t i o n of three
gates. T h e input c o m b i n a t i o n that gives a
logic 0 output is

b 0
c 1
d 1

= 1

I j

a 0

~A

q=j-Li
-

a A NOT
b A NOR

1100

;>

121

&

11

^ r

O-

122

Denary, binary and logic gates

17.68

The diagram shows a two-gate combina-

17.71

H e x a d e c i m a l 3 B C c o n v e r t e d to denary is
a 633
b 728
c 800
d 956

17.72

H e x a d e c i m a l F E . D 4 c o n v e r t e d to denary
is

tion. O n e of the input c o m b i n a t i o n s that


will give a logic 1 output is
A B C

a 0
b 0

0
0

c 0

d 1

0
1

b 182.613413
c 254.828125
d 412.712712

17.69

H e x a d e c i m a l C 4 E c o n v e r t e d to binary is
a 100101001001
b 000111001001
c 010101000100
d 110001001110

17.74

Binary
a
b
c
d

17.75

B i n a r y 1110 divided b y 111 is

c ABC
d
All

D e n a r y 7 7 . 8 7 5 c o n v e r t e d to h e x a d e c i m a l
is
a 1A.B
b 2D.E

17.73

D e n a r y 4 7 8 c o n v e r t e d to h e x a d e c i m a l is
a 2AB
b IDE

17.70

= 1

c 4D.E
d 1A.A

161.724442

0
1 0

10001 multiplied by 111 is


1010101
1110111
1000111
1000000

a 10
b 11

c 100
d 101

18

Background science

18.1

In the SI s y s t e m the b a s e unit for length is


the
a Centimetre
b Millimetre
c Metre
d Yard

18.2

In the SI s y s t e m the b a s e unit for m a s s is


the

18.3

18.5

18.6

In the SI s y s t e-2m density is m e a s u r e d in


a kgm 3
b k g m "2
c kgm3
d kgm

18.8

3 a m a s s of 8 0 0 g a n d a
A certain metal has
v o l u m e of 4 0 c m3. T h e density is
a 2 kgm" 3

Pound
Gram
Ounce
Kilogram

In the SI s y s t e m the b a s e unit for t i m e is


the
a Second
b Minute

18.4

a
b
c
d

18.7

c Hour
d Millisecond

18.9

In the SI s y s t e m the b a s e unit for current is


the

a Nanoampere
b Microampere

c Milliampere
d Ampere

In the SI s y s t e m the b a s e unit for t e m perature is the


a D e g r e e Celsius
b Degree centigrade
c D e g r e e Farenheit
d Kelvin
E n e r g y is m e a s u r e d in
a Coulombs

b Joules
c Watts
d Amperes

2 pressure is
T h e SI unit for
a Nm"3
b N m ~2

18.10

b 20 k g m " 3
c 0.02 k g m 3
"
d 0.2 k g m "

c
d

Nm4
Nm

T h e SI unit of force is the

a Pound
b Gram

c Newton
d Ton

2 of 6 0 acts o v e r an area of
force
2 o n this area is
m , the pressure
a 120 N m " 2
b 240 N m " 2
c 280 N m " 2
d 300 N m "

18.11

If a
0.25

18.12

If a force of 1 m o v e s an object a
distance of 1 m in the direction of the
force, the a m o u n t of w o r k d o n e is
a 1 pound
b 1 coulomb
c 1 volt
d 1 joule

124
18.13

Background science
Gravitational force in the SI units is equal
2
to
a lONkg 1
b 10 k g " 1
c 2 0 k g "2

18.14

18.15

18.18

a
b
c
d

330
400
460
700

a
b
c
d

18.22

c 2000 m s " 1

d 2200 m s "

300
400
500
600

a Violet
b Blue

c Yellow
d Red

T h e w a v e l e n g t h of e m e r a l d green is
a 460 nm
b 555 nm

in

sea

water

c 600 nm
d 650 nm

In the e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c spectrum,
violet h a s a l o w e r frequency than

a X-rays
b Visible light
c Infra-red

d Radio waves

ultra-

W h i c h of the following g r o u p s has the


longest w a v e l e n g t h s ?

a
b
c
d

X-rays
Infra-red radiation
Radio waves
Visible light

is

If a ship emits a short pulse of s o u n d


t o w a r d s the sea bed a n d the e c h o is
received b a c k in 0.4 s, the sea depth u n d e r
the ship is
a
b
c
d

18.23

330 m
530 m
660 m
1320 m

In the visible s p e c t r u m the colour situated


b e t w e e n o r a n g e a n d green is

ms"1
ms'1
ms"1
ms"

T h e speed of s o u n d
1
approximately
1
a 1200 m s "
b 1500 m s " 1

18.19

b Ampere
c Watt
d Ohm

T h e e c h o of a g u n shot from a distant cliff


is heard 4 s after the g u n is fired. T h e
distance to the cliff is

18.17

18.21

1
T h e velocity of sound
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

18.16

d 25 N k g

T h e SI unit for p o w e r is the


a Volt

18.20

18.24

18.25

m
m
m
m

W h i c h one of the following is not an


electromagnetic w a v e ?
a Infra-red
b Radio
c Light
d Sound

W h i c h o n e of the following g r o u p s h a s the


highest frequencies?

a Radio waves
b Infra-red radiation

c Visible light
d Ultraviolet radiation

If a light ray hits a plane mirror at an angle


of 5 0 , the angle b e t w e e n the incident ray
and the reflected ray is

18.26

a 50
b 100
c 150
d 200

A car rear-view mirror is


a Convex
b Concave
c Plane
d Parabolic

Background science
18.27

T h e simplest a t o m , h a v i n g only o n e p r o -

18.34

ton, is that of

18.29

18.30

a 2 0 F
b 21 F

b Hydrogen

c 32 F

c Copper

5 9 F

d Silver

If a neutral a t o m h a s a n u c l e u s c o n t a i n i n g
2 2 p r o t o n s a n d 2 4 n e u t r o n s , the a t o m i c
n u m b e r is
a 11

b 22
c 24

d 46

T h e m a s s n u m b e r of the a t o m in Q u e s t i o n
18.28 is
a 20
b 22
c 24
d 46

18.32

a Silver

b Mercury
c Water

d Lead

A b s o l u t e zero
a -100
b -132
c -273
d -300

18.37

T h e freezing point of m e r c u r y is - 3 7 C.
T h i s t e m p e r a t u r e e x p r e s s e d in the Kelvin
scale is
a 140

18.38

b 236
c 246

d 270

If a m e t a l is c o o l e d until it b e c o m e s a
s u p e r c o n d u c t o r , the m e t a l then

a H a s zero density
b Has zero mass

c H a s z e r o electrical resistance
d Has zero weight

T h e specific h e a t capacity of w a t e r m e a s u r e d in j o u l e s p e r k i l o g r a m p e r d e g r e e
C e l s i u s is
a 1000
b 1200
c 3000
d 4200

18.40

T h e a m o u n t of heat e n e r g y n e e d e d to heat
2 k g of w a t e r from 15 C to 5 5 C is
a 168 kJ
b 3 3 6 kJ
c 4 0 0 kJ
d 6 7 2 kJ

2
4
14
18

G e r m a n i u m h a s the a t o m i c n u m b e r
a 32
b 36
c 48
d 64

is
C
C
C
C

18.39

Silicon h a s the a t o m i c n u m b e r
a
b
c
d

a 38 C
b 4 0 C
c 4 5 C
J 81 C

18.36

T w o a t o m s of h y d r o g e n and o n e a t o m of
o x y g e n will c o m b i n e to form a m o l e c u l e
of

18.33

d 48

113 F c o n v e r t e d to d e g r e e s Celsius is

T h e n u m b e r of electrons in Q u e s t i o n 18.28
is
a 22
b 44
c 46

18.31

15 C c o n v e r t e d to d e g r e e s F a h r e n h e i t is

a Oxygen

18.35
18.28

125

126
18.41

18.42

Background science
W h i c h o n e of the following is not a g o o d
c o n d u c t o r of heat e n e r g y ?

a Copper
b Iron

c Glass
d Silver

H e a t is transferred to the tip of a soldering


iron from the heating e l e m e n t by
a Insulation
b Radiation
c Convection
d Conduction

18.48

Velocity has
a M a g n i t u d e only
b Direction only
c Both m a g n i t u d e and direction
d Distance only

18.49

Speed has
a M a g n i t u d e only

18.50
18.43

18.44

H e a t transfer by the circulation of a gas or


liquid is called
a Radiation
b Convection
c Conduction
d Insulation
T h e heat energy that can travel t h r o u g h a
v a c u u m is called

18.45

18.46

Radiation
Conduction
Insulation
Convection

T h e t i m e in m i n u t e s for the radiation from


the sun to reach Earth is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 4

b 8

c 16
d 80

W h i c h o n e of the following c o l o u r e d
surfaces is the best absorber of h e a t ?

18.47

a
b
c
d

a
b
c
d

Which
surfaces
a
b
c
d

18.51

a 55.4

b 59.2
c 76.8
d 80.4

1
T h e speed of the car in Q u e s t i o n -18.50
e x p r e s s e d in m e t r e s per second ( m s ) is

18.53

21.33
30.67
42.67
58.37

c Metres per minute


d M e t r e s per h o u r

A vehicle 1
starts from rest and h a s a speed
of 3 0 m s " after 21 0 s . T h e acceleration is
a 0.3 m s " 2
b 3.0 m s "2

18.54

a
b
c
d

Acceleration is m e a s u r e d in
a M e t r e s per s e c o n d
b M e t r e s per s e c o n d per second

Blue
Green
White
Black
o n e of the following c o l o u r e d
is the best reflector of h e a t ?
Black
White
Yellow
Green

A car travels at a constant speed a distance


of 4 8 k m in 37.5 m. - T1
h e speed in
k i l o m e t r e s per h o u r ( k m h ) is

18.52

b Distance only
c Direction only
d M a g n i t u d e a n d direction

c 10 m s " 2
d 30 m s "

T h e definition of m o m e n t u m is
a Gravity X velocity
b D i s t a n c e X velocity
c M a s s X velocity
d M a s s X acceleration

Background science
18.55

The

acceleration

due

to

gravity

is

18.62

2
a 10 m s " 2
ft 18 m s ~ 2

c 20 m s " 2

approximately

18.56

18.57

18.58

b A flow of a t o m s

c A flow of m o l e c u l e s
d A flow of electrons

A n electron h a s

a A positive and a n e g a t i v e c h a r g e

b N o charge
c A negative charge

d A positive c h a r g e

T h e voltage in an electrical circuit can b e


m e a s u r e d using
a A voltmeter
b An ammeter
c A wattmeter
d A signal generator

A p r i m a r y battery cell w h i c h uses carbon


a n d zinc electrodes p r o d u c e s

d 26 m s "

Electric current consists of


a A flow of p r o t o n s

18.63

18.64

a 0.5 V

b 1.5 V

c 6.5 V

d 9.5 V

A l e a d - a c i d cell used in car


produces approximately

a 0.6 V
b 1. 0 V

c 2.0 V
d 3.0 V

18.65

A rheostat is

18.60

A
A
A
A

variable capacitor
variable switch
variable resistor
fixed resistor

T u n g s t e n is often u s e d for the filament of a


light b u l b b e c a u s e

18.61

a
b
c
d

In a
from

18.66

a
b
c
d

Kinetic e n e r g y
Potential e n e r g y
Mechanical energy
Chemical energy

a
b
c
d

Oxygen and carbon dioxide


H y d r o g e n a n d c a r b o n dioxide
Oxygen and hydrogen
O x y g e n and c a r b o n m o n o x i d e

A n electrical a p p l i a n c e can b e protected


from e x c e s s i v e current and possible d a m a g e by using a
a Fuse
b Resistor
c Transformer

If a
6 A,

d Transistor
car h e a d l a m p b u l b is rated as 12 V,
the w a t t a g e g e n e r a t e d is
a 18 W
ft 36 W
c 54 W
d 72 W

18.67

A n electrical appliance c o n s u m i n g 2 k W
from a m a i n s supply w o u l d require a fuse
with a rating of
a 1 A
ft 3 A
c 5 A
d 10 A

18.68

W h i c h o n e of the following is a m a g n e t i c
material?
a Copper
ft Iron
c Lead
d Glass

a It has a l o w resistance
b It can r e a c h a h i g h t e m p e r a t u r e
without melting
c It has a l o w c a p a c i t a n c e
d It has a l o w i n d u c t a n c e

battery, electrical e n e r g y is p r o d u c e d

batteries

W h e n a car battery is b e i n g recharged, t w o


gases are given out. T h e s e are

18.59

127

128
18.69

18.70

Background science
A plotting c o m p a s s points to the
a East
b West
c North
d South

p o w e r at high voltage in order to

a R e d u c e the e n e r g y lost

b A v o i d c a p a c i t a n c e effects

c A v o i d i n d u c t a n c e effects

d R e d u c e the n u m b e r of cables

a
b
c
d

C h e m i c a l energy
Potential e n e r g y
Kinetic energy
Solar energy

required

18.74

In an electrical generator electrical e n e r g y


is p r o d u c e d from

18.72

T h e National Grid carries large a m o u n t s of

In an electric m o t o r t h e electrical e n e r g y
produces

18.71

18.73

a
b
c
d

C h e m i c a l energy
Kinetic energy
Solar energy
Potential energy

A l o w e r alternating voltage c a n b e p r o d u c e d from the m a i n s supply by using a

a
b
c
d

Voltmeter
Capacitor
Rectifier
Transformer

18.75

T h e total resistance in a cable supplying


0.5 A is 1.5 . T h e p o w e r lost in the cable
is

a 250 m W

b 375 m W
c 675 m W
d 800 m W

If the current in Q u e s t i o n 18.74 is halved,


the p o w e r lost in the cable is

a 22.25 m W

b 45.65 m W
c 50.25 m W
d 93.75 m W

19

Calculations
3

19.1

is
a 36
ft 3 1 6
c 1296

2
a
b
c
d

is
a 11
b 13
c 42

6 + 6 is

^169

d 7776

3
19.2

19.7

X 6

1
6
0
36

84.5

10.3
ft 10.8
c 11.2
14.7

2
19.9
19.3

2 0 is

a 0

2
8

04a 0

0.4

19.10
X 8 is

V24 X V24 is
fl 1
ft 12

a 24

ft 32

c 64

d 48

24

512

4
2

2 Q
X 2 " i s a2
Q
4
Q *
c8

19.6

ft

Q c 10
d 25

19.5

* 1
c 20
d 40

19.4

5 ~ is

19.11

T h e n u m b e r 4 7 0 e x p r e s s e d in
3
form is
4 . 7 0

standard

ft 4 7 X 10 2
c 4.7 1 02
J 47 10

d 16

5 " + 5 " is
a 5
ft 25
c 125
d 625

19.12

T h e n u m b e r 1 0 0 0 0 e x p r e s s e d in standard
4
form is
3
a 10 1 0
ft 10 1 03
c 1 104
</ 1 1 0

130
19.13

Calculations
T h e n u m b e r 0.047 e x p r e s s e d in standard
3
form is
a 4.7 1 0 2
ft 4.7 1 0 3
c 4.7 " 2
d 4.7 1 0 "

19.21

4JC -

IOJC +

13*

is

b
c

-JC

Ix

If = 10 in Q u e s t i o n 19.14, the s u m is

a 10

b -10
c 20
d 70

2
19.16

-lOy

19.17

-25xyz
+ -5xy
5xy
ft - 5 x2y

19.24

+ Ay 2- Ay + 8 y is
2
-2y
2y 2
2
-6y
6y

IOJC

If

c 5

d 6

4JC

2
19.19

19.26

19.20

a
b
c
d

120y 2
- 1 2 0 y3
- 1 2 03
y
120y

- 1 2 z X -5z4 is
60z 4

2
-60z

c 60z 2
d -60z

- 2: - 6 = 0,
3
ft - 3

JC

is

If - 3 y - 10y - 2y + 3 0 = 0, y is
-2

ft 2
c 5
d -5
19.27

- 3 0 y X 4 y is2

is

c 2
U d -2

is

a 20
6 20* 2
c 20X3
</ 20X

JC

a 3

ft 4

19.25

If y = 10 in Q u e s t i o n 19.16, t h e s u m is
a 100
b -100
c -200
d 200
2JC X

5z 2
d -5z

If 3x + Ax = 2 8 ,

19.18

is

lOxy is
-60x y
a 6

6;cy

c
-6y
d -6jcy

-Ix
19.23

19.15

b 5z
c 4xy
d 5xy

22
19.22

19.14

20xyz -s- Axy is


20z

If 6a + 10ft - 12c = 5 0 a n d a = 4 a n d ft =
5, the value of c is
a 2
ft - 4

19.28

c 8
d -9

R e m o v i n g t h e bracket in 4 ( 2 + JC) + JC
gives
a 6 + 2JC
ft 12 + JC
c 8 + 2JC
d 8 + 5JC

Calculations

2
19.29

R e m o v i n g the bracket in -2(y

a -2y

c -2y

d 2y + 2x

ft

-2y

+ JC) gives

19.36

If 2 J C

X 5JC = 810,

+ 2x

a 2

ft 3
c 4
d 9

2x

131

2
JC is

2
19.30

R e m o v i n g the bracket in -x(-a


gives
a ax + bx + cx
ax - bx - cx
c -ax + bx + cx
d -ax - bx - cx

+ b + c)

19.37

If V(4JC -

ft

If 5JC - 5y = 10 a n d 2JC + 2>> = 3 6 , the values


of JC a n d y are
-2, 3
4, - 6
5, 5
10, 8

If 6JC + 4y = - 1 0 a n d 4JC
values of JC a n d y are
a 4, 4
ft - 5 , 5
c 6, - 4
d -6, 4

If 6 J C = 4 8 6 ,

a 3
ft 9

c 81
d 90

Sy = - 6 0 , the

19.41
JC is

3
19.35

V(*

2
y ) = 5 a n d y = 4, the value of JC

a
ft
c
J

3
4
5
2

I f j c + 2 0 = 84, j c i s
a 4
ft - 4
c 3
J -3

d 16

If 4ft -- xy = 4 a n d JC = 2 a n d y = 5, the value


of ft is

a 6

ft 10
c 12
d 14

If lOz + abc = 5 a n d a = 1, c = 4 and =


6, the value of ft is
a 25
ft 15
c 9
J 3

2
19.42

If V(0 + ft ) = 2 0 a n d a = 12, the value of


ft is
a 10
ft 12
c 14

2
19.34

if

19.40
19.33

c 9

19.39

a
ft
c
d

c 5

is

If 2x + 3y = 18 a n d 4JC + 2y = 2 0 , t h e v a l u e s
of JC a n d y are
a 1, 2
ft 2, 6
c 3, 4
d 2, 8

19.32

2
19.38

19.31

19) = 9, JC is

a 2
ft 4

If jcy -5- tfft = 1 8 a n d JC = 4 5 , y = 4 and a


= 10, the value of ft is
a 2
ft 8
c 10
d 12

132

Calculations

6
19.43

If

(ab ) = 5 0 and

JC -

200, the value of b is

JC

= 5 and a =

19.50

a 0.5

100

ft

1.0

b 250

1.5

c 500

d 2.0

1000
19.51

19.44

b 7.15%

c 71.5%

c 14

d 715%

d 15

5 % of 2 0 is

a 1

b 2

d 10

19.52

a 4

19.53

If in Q u e s t i o n 19.51 #
12 , the value of R

a 10

b 250 m m

ft

14

c 400 m m

16

d 600 m m

d 18

19.54

c 10

d 20

19.55

gives a value of 5 5 0 0 T h e value of the


a 3500

c 4500

d 5000

4 8 and R is

rad

c all

d 2TT r a d

2 1 0 e x p r e s s e d in radians is
a u/6

rad

ft 7TT/6 rad

resistance before the increase is


ft 4 0 0 0

2 is

is

a TT/4 rad

1 0 % increase in a certain resistance

is 12 and R is

ft rad

a 1

4 5 e x p r e s s e d in r a d i a n s is

ft 2

is

ft 5

a 200 m m

1 0 0 - resistor has a tolerance spread of

and /?! = 2 0

12

If in Q u e s t i o n 19.51 R

2 % . T h e spread is

19.49

ft

3 , t h e v a l u e of R

2 5 % of a certain length is 150 m m . T h e

a 10

19.48

+ R)

c o m p l e t e length is

19.47

+ (R

X2

= 3 0 , R is

a 0.715%

19.46

If R = (R R )
and R

0.715 e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t a g e is

19.45

If l/R = 0.1 + 0.2 + 0.2, R is

19.56

A current in a circuit is m e a s u r e d as 3 0 A .

c 5TT/6 rad

d 3TT/2 r a d

5TT/3 r a d e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s is

a 200

ft

250

280

d 300

If the current is 1 0 % b e l o w r e q u i r e m e n t ,
the required current is

19.57

2TT/3 r a d e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s is

10

32.33 A

ft

90

c 33.33 A

120

d 34.67 A

150

a 31.67 A
ft

Calculations
19.58

U s i n g logarithms to the b a s e 10, 2 0 log 2 0

19.64

gives

19.59

19.60

a 20

b 26

10cm

c 28

12cm

d 30

c 13 c m
d 15 c m

U s i n g l o g a r i t h m s to the b a s e 10, if 301og;c


= 30, is

19.65

a 650
b 1000
c 1200
d 1500

a
b
c
d

19.66

In Q u e s t i o n 19.65 the angle C A B is equal

a 30

b 45
c 50

d 60

In Q u e s t i o n 19.65 the length of the side

10cm
11cm
12cm
13cm

If in Q u e s t i o n 19.61 A B = 12 c m a n d A C =
2 0 c m , the length B C is
a 13 c m
b 14cm
c 15 c m
d 16cm
If in Q u e s t i o n 19.61 B C = 15 c m a n d A C =
25 c m , the length A B is
a
b
c
d

17 c m
18 c m
20cm
21cm

a
b
c
d

7.16cm
7.42 c m
8.66 c m
9.33 c m

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a triangle w h e r e angle
A B C = 9 0 a n d a n g l e A C B = 4 5 . If A B
= 8 c m , the length B C is
a 6 cm
b 7cm

B C is

19.63

to

19.67

19.62

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a triangle w h e r e the
angle A B C is a right angle. If A B = 6 c m
a n d B C = 8 c m , t h e length of A C is

a 1.5
b 3.5
c 7.5
d 10

In Q u e s t i o n 19.59, if 6 5 l o g * = 195, is

19.61

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a triangle w h e r e angle
A B C = 9 0 a n d angle A C B = 3 0 . If A B
= 5 c m , the length A C is

133

c 8 cm
d 9cm

19.68

In Q u e s t i o n 19.67 the length of side A C is


approximately
a 11.31cm
b 14.62 c m
c 15.11cm
d 15.84 c m

134
19.69

Calculations
T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a triangle w h e r e angle
A B C = 9 0 a n d a n g l e B A C = 6 0 . If side
A B = 12 c m , the length of side A C is

a 21 c m
b 24cm

c 25 c m
d 26cm

19.72

In Q u e s t i o n 19.71 the angle B A C is


a 14.62
b 28.28
c 46.14
d 53.13

19.73

In Q u e s t i o n 19.71 the angle A C B is


a 36.87
b 45.32

19.70

19.71

19.74

In Q u e s t i o n 19.69 the length of side B C is


approximately
a 16.61 c m
b 18.32cm
c 20.78 c m
d 28.64 cm
T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a triangle w h e r e angle
A B C = 9 0 . If A B = 2 1 c m a n d B C =
28 c m , the length of side A C is
a 31 c m

b 35cm
c 37 c m
d 40cm
A

c 51.16
d 52.12

A circle h a s a d i a m e t e r of 12 c m . T h e area
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y2
a 102 c m 2

b 113cm2
c 160 c m 2
d 170 c m

2
19.75

A circle has an area of 2 4 0 m m .


radius is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 4.44 c m

b 5.41cm
c 6.32 c m
d 8.74 c m

The

20

20.1

Transposition of formulas

G i v e n that V = IR then I is

20.7

a VIR
R/V
c VR
d V + R

ft

20.2

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 , R is

a V + I
b VI
c I/V

d VII

In Q u e s t i o n 20.6, if = 4 0 and = 10, y


is
a 2
ft 4

20.8

c 8
J 16

If 1//? = l/R + 1/ , is
x
2
a R + 7?

c (/?, +

G i v e n that = I R then I is

20.9

J(R/P)

#i#

2
X X2

x is

/ ? / ( / ? + R)

ft / ( - R)
2 2
D c (R R)IRR
2
2
d (R + R)IRR

PIR

20.4

In Q u e s t i2o n 2 0 . 3 , R is
a I IP2

20.10

20.5

2 2
a J(x/z)

ft z /2*

20.11

ft V(3)//L
c /L/3
d 3//L

If = j(y)z then y is

2
c JC /*

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 8 , R is
2
a RR I(R
- R)

J(PII )

If IL = V ( 3 ) / P then 7P is
a IL / '(3)

20.6

X X
ft (/?, -

ft VC /^)
2

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 8 , R

ft J(ffi)

+ #2)

fl )/

R IR R

2
20.3

x
X2

ft R R /(R\

c /?/?,/(/?, + /?)
d (R + /?)//?/?,

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 8 , if R = 3 a n d /?! = 12 ,
/ ? is
2
2
ft 3 i l
c 4
J 8

20.12

If + R

m = VII I is
#)
m

a V(R +
+

#m)/y

c V/(/? + Rm)
d V +R + R
m

136
20.13

Transposition of formulas

c II(R +

d I(R +

LII2e

ft

e/2L/

RJ

c 2LIIe
d 2L//e

RJ
20.22

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 2 , R is

20.15

(R +

a
b
c
d

(VII)
(VII)
(VI)
(VI)

- R
m
+ tf
m
- R
m
+ tf

b 2 A
c 8 A

d 9 A

20.23

1)A]

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 6 , is

c e/2/

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 2 1 , / is
a etl2L

20.25

c
d

LI2et
tl2eL

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 2 1 , if L = 6, / = 8 a n d e
3, t is
20
ft 28

c 32

40

If X = 2TT/L, L

+ 1

ft

2ir/flC

2///

a (CdlxA)

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 6 , A is
Cdxl(N
Cd[x(W
Cdl[x(N
[x(N -

ft

C[JC(W -

20.26

- 1)
- 1)]
- 1)]
l)]ICd

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 6 , d is
a C[x(N - l)]IA

20.20

ft (jcA/G/) + 1
c (CdlxA) - 1
d (xAICd) - 1

a
ft
c
d
20.19

f/2e/

20.18

2etll

ft

Q c [ ( i V - 1)A]/Cd
d Cdl[(N - \)A]
20.17

If C =
- l)A]/d, is
C [ ( # - l)A]/d
ft Cd[(A^ -

ft 2L/tf

20.24
20.16

In Q u e s t i o n 20.21 L is

d etru

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 2 , if /? = 25 , R =\5
m
a n d V = 8 0 V, / is
1 A

If e = 2L//i, f is

RJ/I

a IR + R

ft

20.14

20.21

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 2 , V is

20.27

c [x(N \)A]IC
d CI[x(N - 1)A]

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 1 6 , if C = 6, JC = 5, A = 10
a n d d =25, is
4
ft 7
c 8
d 9

20.28

AV2TT/

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 2 5 , / is

a 2TTILX

ft

c 2LITTX
d
XI2nL

2TTL/X

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 2 6 , if X = 3 1 4 2 a n d / = 50,
L is

1)A]

is

2//

a
ft
c
d

10
15
25
50

If X = 1/2TT/C, C is
2-

ft

d /2/

1/2/
2TT//X

Transposition of formulas
20.29

In Question 2 0 . 2 8 , / is

20.37

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 3 4 , C is
a BAIN
b
c BAN
d ANIB

a 2TTCX
ft 2TT/CX
c CX/2TT
d \/2TTCX

137

20.30

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 2 8 , i f / = 5 0 and X = 0.002,
C is
a 1.06
b 1.21
c 1.59
d 2.68

20.38

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 3 4 , if A = 10, = 1 and C
= 5, is
a 10
b 12
c 14
d 24

20.31

If y = , 2 is

20.39

If v = w + 22as, u is

22

ft

20.32

V O ^

In Q u e s t i o n 22 0 . 3 1 ,
a 2^{x ly)
ft x / y 2

a V ( v 2+ 2as)
ft V2( v - 2as)
c v - 2 a s2
J 2as + v

j(z ly)
2

c 2ylz
d z /)>

IS

20.40

2 a is
In Q u e s t i o 2
n 20.39,
2
a ( v 2- w )/2s
ft 2 ( v -2 u )ls2
c 2 s / ( v2 - u2)
d 2s(v - u )

20.41

In Q u e s t i o n 22 0 . 3 9 , 2s is
a 2al(v 2 - u2)
ft 2 a2( v - 2 u )
2
c ( 2- w )/2a
J 2 ( v - u )la

20.42

In Q u e s t i o n 20.39, if = 9, a = 8 and s =
2, w is
a 5
ft 7
c 9
J 13
If A = (B - QI(D

2 )
c
^iylx
J y*

20.33

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 3 1 , if y = 4 0 0 and = 4,
is
1
ft 2
c 4
d 5

20.34

If A/BC

ft
c
J

20.35

In Q u e s t i o n 20.34, A is
a BCIN
ft MZ?C
c BNIC
J CIBN

20.43

In Question 2 0 . 3 4 , is
a CAN
ft A M C
c C/A7V
d CNIA

20.44

20.36

= l/N9 is
C/A
A/C
BAC
/CA

- ), is

[(D - Q / A ] + C
ft (AD + A ) / C
c A/) + A + C
d AD
-AE+C
In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 4 3 , C is
a B + AD + AE
-AD
-AE
c -AD
+ AE
U d
B+AD-AE

ft

138

Transposition of formulas

20.45

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 4 3 , D is
a [(B - Q/A] +
[(BQ/A] -
c [A/(B Q]+E
d [A/(B - Q ] -

20.53

In Question 2 0 . 4 3 , is
a [ ( C - B)/A] - D
b [(B - Q/A] - D

20.54

a 20
ft 6 0
c 90

ft

20.46

20.47

c [(B - Q/A] + D
d [(C - B)/A] + D
20.55

if v y r , = (P2 v 2y r 2, P , is

20.49

20.50

20.56

P T T IV V

20.57

2 0 . 4 8 , V is
x
P\P V ITJ
22 2
V T T IP P
2 X2 X 2
P V T /P T
2 2 X X2
P V T /P T

142
152
200
212

If A = ( -

) / , is

Ai + w
ft A + wi
2<

c uA + t
U d At - u
20.58

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 4 8 , , is
P i ^ ^ 2 2^

ft
P P T /V V
X2 2 X2
c
P V V /P T

20.59

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 5 7 , t is
( + )/
ft ( - )
c ( + )
U d ( - u)

20.60

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 5 7 , if A = 5, u = 9 and t

If ( C X 9/5) + 32 = F, C is
a 9(F 32)/5
ft 5 ( F - 32)/9
c 9 / 5 ( F - 32)
d 5 / 9 ( F - 32)

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 5 7 , u is
a At -
ft +
c -
+

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 4 8 , if P = 3 0 , P = 4 , V, =
x
2
5, V = 2 0 and , = 15, T is

ft
c
d

X2 X 2 2

6
ft 8
c 18
24
20.52

40
48
50
68

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 5 2 , if C = 100, F is

XX2 2 2

20.51

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 5 2 , if C = 2 0 , F is

P y\V^TiT
2
2
P T V IT V

2 2 X X2
2 X2 X 2
P2V2Ti/ViT2

In Q u e s t i o n

ft
c
d

d 100


ft
c
d

a 10
b 50
c 70

a
U b

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 5 2 , if F = 32, C is

d 80

20.48

d 98

a 0
ft 1
c 32

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 4 3 , if A = 5, C = 10, D = 11
and = 3 , the value of is

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 5 2 , if F = 194, C is

8, is
a 18
ft 2 9
c 36
49

20.61

If

2
= J4mv2, m
a
2v /E2
ft 2E/v2
2
c
EI2v

20.62

20.63

Transposition of formulas
is

20.69

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 6 7 , is

139

a SI{SC ft

CA)

5 / ( 5 C + CA)

c (SC -

d (SC + C A ) / 5

CA)IS

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 6 1 , is
20.70

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 6 7 , if A = 5, = 1 a n d S =

a V(m/2)

b V(2/m)

2m/E

m/2E

ft

10

10, C is

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 6 1 , if = 192 a n d m = 6, V
is

ft

10

12

20.64

20.66

20.67

d 24

(2 - A)/(A - 3)

c (A - 2)/(3 - A)

J (2 - A)/(3 - A)

20.72

a 0.5

ft

1.2

1.8

d 2.0

c (F + F)/A(F - P)

J (F + P)/(P + F)

-0.5
-1.0

ft

c 0.5

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 7 1 , A is

20.73

1.0

c (F - P)/(F + P)

d (F + P)/(F - P)

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 7 1 , F is

20.74

a (S -

Cis

ft SA/(5 -

B)

c 5 5 / ( 5 - A)

d (S - A ) / B
20.75

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 6 7 , S is
a (C - A ) / C

(A + D)/(AP

c (A + D ) / ( A P -

d ( A P + D P ) / ( D - A)

a (A - D ) / ( D F + A F )
ft

(A + D ) / ( D F - A F )

c ( D F + AF)/(A - D )

J ( D F - AF)/(A + D )

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 7 1 , if D = 4 0 , F = 35 a n d
= 5, A is

a 15

ft

c (C + A)/C

c 40

J CA/(C - 5 )

d 45

(C -

DP)

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 7 1 , is

B)ICA

ft

+ DP)
+ DP)

B)/SA

(D - A)I(AP
ft

If A = S(C - B)/C,

a D(F - P ) / ( F + P )

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 6 4 , if A = 1.0, is

P)

ft D ( F + P ) / ( F - P )

In Q u e s t i o n 2 0 . 6 4 , if A = 2 . 6 6 7 , is

A ( F - P ) / ( F + P)

(A - 2)/(A - 3)
ft

20.68

If D/A = (F + P ) / ( F - ) , Z) is
ft A ( F + P ) / ( F -

If = ( 3 N + 2 ) / ( t f + 1), W i s

20.65

20.71

30

Appendix A

A.l

Sample test paper

In the d i a g r a m R is equal to
a 30
b 50

A.5

c 70
d 90

/\1.0

1
I

1
I

60R

1
#

A1
.6

1
V

A.7

A radio station is found on 3 6 2 m e t r e s . T h i s


is equivalent to a frequency of
a 650 kHz
b 720 kHz

A.3

A n r.m.s. voltage of 1000 V will h a v e a


p e a k value of
a 1200 V
b 1414 V

A.4

c 788 k H Z
d 828 k H z

c 1528 V
d 1614 V

A 3 : 1 step-up 2 4 0 - V r.m.s. transformer


will h a v e a p e a k to p e a k voltage across the
secondary of
a 113 V
b 720 V
c 678 V
d 2036 V

A b r i d g e rectifier uses
a One diode
b T w o diodes
c T h r e e diodes
d Four diodes

A
100

A.2

b 50Hz
c 75 Hz
d 100 H z

6QR

T h e ripple voltage p r o d u c e d by a 5 0 - H z
h a l f - w a v e p o w e r supply unit h a s a freq u e n c y of
a 25Hz

O n e cycle of a 5 0 0 - H z sine w a v e has a


duration of
a 2 8
b 200 ms
c 2 ms
d 5 ms

A.8

A zener d i o d e is used in a p o w e r supply


unit to

A.9

a
b
c
d

R e d u c e noise
R e d u c e the voltage ripple
R e g u l a t e the output voltage
D o u b l e the output voltage

In the d i a g r a m R is
a 3R
b 30R
c 12R
d 300R

18R

/\250

25R


mA

io y

Appendix A
A.10

A 1 0 : 1 s t e p - d o w n m a i n s transformer will

A.16

h a v e a p e a k voltage o n the s e c o n d a r y of

a 17 V

ft 3 4 V

A . 11

c 51 V

d 68 V

2 2 0 0 - resistor will h a v e a c o l o u r c o d e
of

a R e d b l a c k red

ft B r o w n red red
c R e d red red
d B l a c k red o r a n g e

A.12

A 1-kW fire h a s a fused m a i n s plug. T h e


correct fuse rating is
a 3 A
ft 5 A

A . 13

A.18

IV^/T

Vp/2

1 s
10 s
12 s
24 s

a 2R
ft 6 R

c 8R
d 12R

A filter unit in a p o w e r supply is


a L o w pass
ft H i g h p a s s
c Band pass
d B a n d stop

A.19

A n I F amplifier in an A M receiver h a n d l e s
frequencies a r o u n d
a 20 kHz
ft 4 7 0 k H z
c 10.7 M H z
d 37.5 M H z

A.20

R a d i o w a v e s travel at a1 s p e e d of
a 1000000 ms"1

In a h a l f - w a v e rectifier the a v e r a g e value of


the voltage is
a
Vlli
ft Vp/

a
ft
c
d

T h r e e resistors of 14R, 2 8 R and 5 6 R are


c o n n e c t e d in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d resista n c e is

c 1 A
d 13 A

141

T h e t i m e c o n s t a n t t (in seconds) for a


capacitor a n d a resistor is equal to C
(farads) X R ( o h m s ) . W h a t will the t i m e
constant of 4 a n d 3 b e ?

A.17

Sample test paper

1
1
c 100000000 ms"

ft 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 m s "
A.14

All a p p l i a n c e flexes b e a r the m o d e r n c o l o u r


c o d i n g w h e r e the live w i r e is c o l o u r e d

ft
c
d

Red
Blue
Brown
Green

A.21

T h e p r i m a r y colours u s e d in television are


a Red green yellow
ft G r e e n b l u e y e l l o w
c Red green blue

A.15

A resistor h a s the following c o l o u r c o d e :


first c o l o u r b l u e , s e c o n d c o l o u r grey, third
c o l o u r red. T h e value is
a 560R
ft 4 7 0 0 R
c 6800R
d 8200R

A.22

d 300000000 ms"

d Red blue white

A r a d i o w a v e has a frequency of 100 M H z .


T h e w a v e l e n g t h is
a 3 m
ft 3 0 m

c 100 m
d 33 m

142
A.23

Appendix A

A d e v i c e w h i c h will convert D C p o w e r to
A C p o w e r is
a A frequency c h a n g e r
b A demodulator
c A rectifier

A.24

A.28

d A n oscillator

Given
750 Hz,
a
b
c

T h e p e a k to p e a k value of a 2 4 0 V A C
voltage is

120 V

A.25

Sample test paper

A.29

b 340 V
c 480 V
d 680 V

T h e current in the a m m e t e r in the d i a g r a m


is

a 0.1 A
b 0.2 A

c 0.3 A
d 1.0 A

A.30

30R

I ^ I

d 3750 Hz

2 0 kbH z to 5 0 k H z
100 ck H z to 2 5 0 k H z
5 0 0 k H z to 1.5 M H z
1.5 M H z to 2.5 M H z

W h e n a carrier of frequency f is m o d u l a t e d
c
b y a sinusoidal v o l t a g e of frequency / , the
m
following are p r o d u c e d :
a O n e frequency (f )

at

T h e m e d i u m A M w a v e b a n d extends from

a non-sinusoidal w a v e f o r m
the fourth h a r m o n i c is
1500 H z
2150 Hz
3000 Hz

b T w o frequencies (f a n d (f + / ))
c
c
m
c T h r e e frequencies (f , (f + / )
c c
m
and(f -/ ))
c m
d F o u r frequencies (f , 2 / , (f
)
c c c +/m
a n d (f
-f ))

3QR

A.31

A.26

A.27

F o r m a i n s operation a 3 - k W radiator should


b e fitted with a
a 3-A fuse
b 5-A fuse
c 7-A fuse
d 13-A fuse

Toxic fumes are


a A l w a y s visible
b Non-poisonous
c Healthy
d Poisonous

If a 1-MHz carrier is a m p l i t u d e m o d u l a t e d
with a m o d u l a t i n g voltage of frequency
10 k H z , the l o w e r sideband will b e at a
frequency of

A.32

a
b
c
d

999000
990000
998000
980000

Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz

In frequency m o d u l a t i o n the m a x i m u m
variation of the carrier frequency is
7 5 0 0 0 H z . If a m o d u l a t i n g frequency of
15 0 0 0 H z is considered, the m o d u l a t i o n
i n d e x is
a 5
b 10

c 15
d 25

Appendix A
A.33

In the circuit s h o w n , V is

A.38

a 60 V

x is

a 10

ft 2 5

c 100 V

c 50

d 240 V

d 100

1 0 0R

1 2R
'

'

R3 6
RL

R
50

1
/y \\

143

In the circuit s h o w n , R

ft 8 0 V

Sample test paper

P2S. A
A
5

/ \

4A

V
2 0 0V

A.34

A.35

A.36

In B B C television the s y s t e m of m o d u l a tion for t h e vision signal is

a Frequency

ft A m p l i t u d e
c P u l s e duration
d Phase

G i v e n that an amplifier has a voltage gain


of 3 0 a n d a p o w e r gain of 4 5 0 , the current
gain is
a 10

ft

c 30
d 45

A.39

A.40

M a g e n t a is a m i x t u r e of
a R e d a n d green
ft R e d a n d blue
c B l u e and green
d B l u e and w h i t e

A n output is o b t a i n e d from a four-input


A N D gate w h e n
a A signal is a p p l i e d to all four
inputs
ft A signal is applied to three inputs

A.41

c A signal is applied to o n e input


d T h e r e is n o signal applied to any
input

T h e binary n u m b e r 110110 represents in


decimal
a 36
ft 5 4

A.42
A.37

c 500 kHz
d 1000 H z

15

T h r e e resistors of 2 5 , 5 0 and 2 5 0 are


placed in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d resistance
is
a 10.6
ft 12.8
c 15.6
d 18.4

In a d e m o d u l a t o r in a typical superhet
b r o a d c a s t receiver ( m e d i u m and long
w a v e ) the frequency of the input will b e
approximately
a 10 M H z
ft 10 k H z

c 56
d 62

T h e frequency of the line t i m e b a s e in a


625-line television receiver is
a 50Hz
ft 6 2 5 H z
c 15 6 2 5 H z
d 5.5 M H z

144
A.43

Appendix A

Sample test paper

In the d i a g r a m the voltage d r o p across the


10 is

a 1.5 V
b 2 V
c 2.5 V

d 5 V

8R

10R

A.48
14R

12

A.46

a C a r b o n dioxide
b Alcohol

c Foam
d Dry powder

T h e typical frequency of a bias oscillator in


a m a g n e t i c tape recorder is

a 200 Hz
b 4500 Hz

c 2 0 0 0 0 Hz
d 45 000 Hz

A w a v e l e n g t h of 3 m is equivalent to a
frequency of

A.45

W h i c h of the following is not suitable in


dealing with a f l a m m a b l e liquid fire?

12R

hC

4R

A.44

A.47

a
b
c
d

100
300
300
100

kHz
kHz
MHz
MHz

A.49

A c o m p l e t e cycle of a w a v e f o r m
20
T h e frequency is
a 50 kHz
b 500 Hz

c 20 M H z

d 20 kHz

takes

a
b
c
d

1.5 W
5 W
4.5 W
12 W

Rl
r

2R

3R

CZZ>CZZHZZZ}
1 2R

A.50

In the d i a g r a m the p o w e r dissipated in R


3
is

R
15
V2 4

R
45

In principle all amplifiers are essentially


a C u r r e n t amplifiers
b Inverting amplifiers
c P o w e r amplifiers
d N o n - i n v e r t i n g amplifiers

D e c i m a l 15 p l u s d e c i m a l 16 in binary is

a 10001
b 11000
c 11011

d 11111

Appendix

B.l

Sample test paper

G i v e n a w a v e f o r m of frequency 7 5 0 k H z ,
the time for o n e c y c l e is
a 1.33 ,
b 2.66 m s
c 7 5 . 0 $
d 75.0 ms

B.2

B.5

A transducer is
a A d e v i c e to c o n v e r t a signal, e.g.

m e c h a n i c a l to electrical
b A special transformer
c A transistor
d A special r a d i o receiver

12 + 18 + 2 0 in binary is
a 110010
b 101100
c 111011
d 110000

B.3

B.6

G i v e n the truth table s h o w n , w h e r e A a n d


are the inputs and Q the output, the gate is
the

B.4

a
b
c
d

OR
NOR
AND
NAND

0
0
1
1

1
0

1
1
0

T h e b o d y of a p o r t a b l e c a r b o n dioxide fire
e x t i n g u i s h e r is n o r m a l l y p a i n t e d
a Pink
b White

c Blue
d Black

B.7

In the circuit s h o w n , R is
x
a 4R
b 6R
c 12R
d 24R

In frequency m o d u l a t i o n , given that the


m o d u l a t i o n index is 5, the n u m b e r of
significant s i d e b a n d s is
a 5

b 10

c 16
d 28

12R
4R

7 / \

'

'

12R

B.8

5A

100V

T h e input p o w e r to an amplifier is 2 0 m W .
G i v e n that the gain is 5 0 , the output p o w e r
is

a
b
c
d

1000 m W
4 mW
1 W
1000 W

146
B.9

Appendix

Sample test paper

In the circuit s h o w n , the input current is


a 8.2 A

B.13

ft 10.8 A
c 12.6 A
d 14.2 A

H
H

30R

h rl

30R

H 4

12R

h
6R

12R

a
ft
c
d

123
135
141
147

B.15

A v i d e o amplifier u s e d in a T V receiver can


deal with frequencies in the r a n g e of
a 0 H z to 3 0 M H z
ft O H z t o 5 0 0 M H z
c O H z t o 5.5 M H z
d O H z t o 897 M H z

B.16

A buffer amplifier is u s e d to
a Provide a mismatch

LAMP
N
\

B i n a r y 10010011 in d e c i m a l is

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w n performs the function


of
a A n A N D gate

44R

H
240

b A N A N D gate
c A n O R gate
d A N O R gate

24R

B.14

c 216 W
d 440 W

240

B.10

In the d i a g r a m the p o w e r dissipated in the


2 4 R resistor is
a 24 W
ft 8 0 W

ft Isolate o n e circuit from another


c C o m p a r e t w o voltages

B.ll

B.12

R a d i o 4 is on a w a v e l e n g t h of 1500 m . T h i s
is equivalent to a frequency in kilohertz
of
a 200
b 750
c 100
d 150

In the electromagnetic s p e c t r u m the infrared lies b e t w e e n


a Ultraviolet and visible light
b Visible light and heat
c H e a t a n d radio w a v e s
d X - r a y s a n d ultraviolet

d S m o o t h ripple in a p o w e r supply

B.17

A differential amplifier is normally used


for
a C o m p a r i n g the a m p l i t u d e of o n e
signal with another
ft B l o c k i n g a particular frequency
c P r o d u c i n g sawtooth w a v e f o r m s
d G e n e r a t i n g square w a v e s

B.18

A bistable oscillator is basically capable


of
a M u l t i p l y i n g b y 2 only
ft M u l t i p l y i n g b y e v e n n u m b e r s
c M u l t i p l y i n g by o d d n u m b e r s
d D i v i d i n g b y a factor of 2

Appendix
B.19

T h e t i m e constant of a 10-pF capacitor in

B.23

series with a 1 0 - resistor is

a 100 s

ft

c 100

d 1 s

100 m s

a 25.5
ft 3 9 2

\LS

T h e voltage d r o p across the 5 0 - resistor in


the d i a g r a m is

20R

30R

B.22

If the voltage d r o p across a resistor is


0.25 V a n d the current t h r o u g h it 10 m A ,
the p o w e r dissipated in it will b e

B.25
50R

10R
_300

c 82
d 100

a 2.5 W
ft 25 m W
c 250 m W
d 2.5 m W

40R

\-r

B.21

B.24

50 V
100 V
150 V
250 V

a
b
c
d

T h e v a l u e of the resistor in Q u e s t i o n B . 2 4
is
a 25
ft 2 5 0
c 2.5
d 0.25

V_

G i v e n that the r e a c t a n c e of a capacitor is


l / 2 i r / C w h e r e C is in farads a n d / is in
hertz, the r e a c t a n c e of a 1 0 0 0 - at 5 0 H z
in o h m s is

B.26

D e n a r y 2 4 in binary is
a 11000
ft 11010

a 3.18

b 62.8
c 100

d 311

B.27

In the circuit s h o w n

B.28

4R

8R
H

11011
d 11111

If the fourth ring o n a resistor is c o l o u r e d


red, the tolerance is
a 1%
ft 5 %
c 2%
d 8%

R equals

a IR
ft 1.5R
c 2.0R
2.5R

In the d i a g r a m the v a l u e of R is
2
a 20R
ft 2 2 R

25R
d 30R

6R

I
3R

1
I

147

G i v e n that the r e a c t a n c e of an inductor is


given b y 2TT/L w h e r e / is in hertz and L
is in h e n r y s , the r e a c t a n c e of a 2 5 0 - m H
c h o k e at 2 5 0 H z will b e

B.20

Sample test paper

RI

3R

Rin

1
I

/ \ 4A
I

15R

H
180V

R2

h
I

148
B.29

B.30

Appendix

Sample test paper

If a sine w a v e has a p e a k value of 3 0 V, the


r.m.s. value is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

B.34

120 W. T h e current c o n s u m e d is

a 18.3 V
b 20.4 V

a 0.1 A

b 0.3 A

c 21.2 V

c 0.4 A

d 25.3 V

d 0.5 A

In the d i a g r a m the frequency of the w a v e form is

B.35

a 2Hz
b 5 Hz
c 10Hz
d 20 Hz

B.36

0,1

0,2

0.3

0.4|

T >| s)n e

2
If x

U
B.32

T h e c h a r g e on a capacitor is m e a s u r e d in

a Watts
b Joules
c Coulombs

d Ohms

Denary
a
b
c

-V

B.31

A n electronic device is rated at 2 4 0

B.37
+ 4 = 8 5 , the value of is
a
b
c
d

6
1
8
9

In the d i a g r a m the value of R is


a 20R
b 24R

B.38

c 30R
d 32R

33 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
100000
100001
101010
101110

A 5 % resistor will h a v e a tolerance b a n d


coloured
a Brown

b Red

c Gold
d Silver

In the d i a g r a m the current / is


a 2 mA
b 20 m A

c 2 A
d 20 A

40R

100R

120R

I
B.33

/?

A radio station h a s a frequency of 3 0 0 k H z .


T h e w a v e l e n g t h is
a 1000 m

b 1500 m
c 3000 m
d 4500 m

B.39

150R

5 V

If a sine w a v e has a p e a k to p e a k value of


100 V, the r.m.s. value is
a 35.36 V
b 50.24 V
c 70.72 V
d 80.36 V

Appendix
B.40

In the d i a g r a m the w a v e l e n g t h is

B.45

a 150 m

a Farads

c 400 m

d 800 m

b Joules
c Coulombs

d Volts

B.46

0.5

1.0

>

1.5

D e n a r y 24.5 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
a 10110.0

Tine
<5)

149

T h e e n e r g y stored in a capacitor is m e a s u r e d in

ft 3 0 0 m

+v

Sample test paper

b 10101.1
c 11000.1
d 11101.0

2
B.41

If y

B.42

+ 9=
a
b
c
d

B.47

106 + 3 , y is

20
40
30
10

In the d i a g r a m the value of R is


x
a 40R
b 50R
c 70R

A four-band resistor h a s the colour b a n d s


red, red, o r a n g e , silver. T h e value is

B.48

d 80R

a
b
c
J

220 5 %
2 2 kil 2 %
22 kil 1 0 %
2 2 0 kil 2%

In the d i a g r a m the value of R

a 50R
b 100R
c 150R

2 is

200R

Rl

Rl

r~~l

B.43

B.44

3 OR

A w a v e l e n g t h of
frequency of
a 100000
b 150000
c 250000
d 300000

R=21

R2

CZ=r
I

3 0 0 0 m is equivalent to a

c 5.0 V
d 7.5 V

R=50_

J~~]
I

B.49

A w a v e f o r m has an r.m.s. value of 28.28 V.


T h e p e a k value is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 36 V
ft 4 0 V
c 50V
d 70 V

B.50

If 10 c y c l e s of a sinusoidal voltage o c c u r in
0.1 s, the frequency is
a 100 H z

kHz
kHz
kHz
kHz

1 5 0 - resistor c o n s u m e s a current of
5 0 m A . T h e applied voltage is
a 1.5 V
ft 2.0 V

iOOR

RH

ft 110 H z
c 200 Hz
d 500 Hz

Appendix C

Sample test paper

3
C.l

If J C = 2 7 , is

C.2

a
ft
c
d

C.6

0
1
2
3

In the d i a g r a m the value of I


a 0.1 A
ft 0.6 A

Il

C.7

SH

15R

25R

r
1

a
ft
c
d

122
128
132
140

C8

In the d i a g r a m the current / is


a 3 A
ft 6 A

W a v e l e n g t h is m e a s u r e d in
a
ft
c
d

1 2 0 - resistor h a s a tolerance ring


c o l o u r e d silver. T h e u p p e r limit of the
resistance is

isnv

a 1010110
b 1100010
c 1100100
d 1110100

x is

c 1.0 A
d 10 A

pH

C.3

D e n a r y 100 e x p r e s s e d in binary is

Newtons
Ohms
Metres
Hertz

c 8 A
d 9 A

60R
1

GR

1
C.4

A resistor c o n s u m e s 6 0 W from a 2 4 0 - V
supply. T h e resistance value is
a 240
ft 4 8 0
c 800
d 960

4QR

R
R
R
R

180

C.9
C.5

T h e SI unit of force is the


a Kilogram
ft N e w t o n
c Joule
d Weber

*~

A sine w a v e has an r.m.s. value of 4 0 V.


T h e p e a k to p e a k value is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 108 V
ft 110 V
c 113 V
d 226 V

Appendix C
C.10

A frequency of 3 0 0 M H z h a s a w a v e l e n g t h

C.16

of

C.12

If

ft

30m

c 14.2 W
d 24.4 W

ft

d 100 m

C.ll

10 m

u c

a 10.4 W

a 1 m

3JC -

15 = 0,

JC

C.17

is

-3

ft 3
c 5
d -5

C.18

c 480 mA
d 800 m A
C.19
R2

8 0R

I "

R3

4 8V

C.13

In Q u e s t i o n
a 1.1
ft 1.2
c 1.4

C.14

C . 1 2 the current in R is
3
A
A
A

d 1.6 A

In Q u e s t i o n C . 1 2 the current / is

1.0 A
ft 1.2 A
c 2 A
d 4 A

a 51.2
ft 80.4
c 88.8
d 96.2

a 1001
ft 1010

c 1100
d 1101

In Q u e s t i o n C.18 the a n s w e r in denary is


a 12
ft 13
c 24
d 33

A resistor R that h a s n o tolerance b a n d has


a v a l u e of
a R 2%

ft
5%

C.21

W
W
W
W

B i n a r y 110 a d d e d to binary 111 is

C.20

12.8 W

In Q u e s t i o n C . 1 2 the p o w e r c o n s u m e d b y
R is

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a series-parallel circuit.
T h e current in R is
2

A 40 mA
ft 4 0 0 m A

c /? 1 0 %
d R 20%

In the d i a g r a m with the switch S I open, the


input current is
a 1.5
ft 2.0
c 4.4
d 8.0

A
A
A
A

Rl

C.15

In Q u e s t i o n C. 12 the total p o w e r c o n s u m e d
by the circuit is
a 24 W
ft 4 8 W

c 60 W
d 96 W

151

In Q u e s t i o n C . 1 2 the p o w e r c o n s u m e d b y
R is

Sample test paper

3I
2 4R

R 12

R2
'

8R

'
3 6V

152
C.22

Appendix C

Sample test paper

In Question C.21 with the switch o p e n the


input p o w e r is

C.28

a 1.2
ft 2.4

a 36 W
ft 4 8 W

C.23

c 72 W
d 88 W

c 10
d 2 4

a
ft
c
d

0.5
1.5
2.5
4.5

ft

c 2 A
d 3 A

C.29

T h e SI unit for m a s s is the


a Gram
ft K e l v i n
c Kilogram
d Metre

1 A

C.30

If the capacitors in Q u e s t i o n C.28 are


c o n n e c t e d in parallel, the c o m b i n e d capacitance is
U
U b

C.25

C.26

A t e m p e r a t u r e of 7 5 C
degrees F a h r e n h e i t is

a 100 F
ft 110 F

c 135 F
d 167 F

expressed

in

T h e m a x i m u m current w h i c h m a y b e taken
b y a 4 - 100-W resistor is
a 2 A
ft 5 A
c 8 A
d 9 A

C.31

C.32

T h e unit of i n d u c t a n c e is the
a Weber
ft F a r a d
c Henry
d Tesla

c 8
d 10

T h e SI unit for length is the


a Yard

ft M e t r e
c Inch
d Kilometre

A t e m p e r a t u r e of 122F
degrees centigrade is
a
ft
c
d

C.33
C.27

Il

A
A
A
A

In Q u e s t i o n C.21 with the switch c l o s e d the


current in R is
3
OA

6
rHI

In Q u e s t i o n C.21 with the switch closed the


current in R is

C.24

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s t w o capacitors connected in series. T h e value of C is

32
42
50
82

in

C
C
C
C

The
temperature
in
e x p r e s s e d in kelvins is
a 273
ft 3 0 0
c 305
d 323

expressed

Question

C.32

Appendix C
C.39

T h e unit of c a p a c i t a n c e is the

C.35

a 20

ft

Farad

b 200

c Henry

c 2000

d Ampere

d 20000

C.36

ft

c 26
d 48

C.41

12

C.42

2 2 uF

If in Q u e s t i o n C . 3 6 C is increased
2
38 , the value of C then b e c o m e s

\3

C.38

a Silver

ft

c Iron
d Polythene

4 uF

is a g o o d

Copper

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a circuit u n d e r test.
M e t e r M l is m e a s u r i n g the

a Inductance

ft Wattage
c Current
d Voltage

Rl

R2

I
C.43

In Q u e s t i o n C.42 m e t e r M 2 m e a s u r e s the
a Voltage
ft C u r r e n t
c Wattage
d Impedance

C.44

If in Q u e s t i o n C.42 V = 120 V, ^ = 4 0 0
a n d R = 600 , m e t e r M l m u s t b e set to
2
the

a 2
b
9
c 29
d
40

CI

c Area
d Age

W h i c h o n e of the following
insulator?

a 8
ft 10
c 60
d
2

r-HI

a Length

to

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three capacitors c o n nected in series. T h e c o m b i n e d c a p a c i t a n c e


Cis

ft T y p e of material

In the d i a g r a m C is equal to
a 9

T h e resistance of a c o n d u c t o r is inversely
proportional to the

c Ohm
d Volt

C2

C.37

a Ohm

C.40

153

0.02 V e x p r e s s e d in m i c r o v o l t s is

T h e unit of i m p e d a n c e is the
a Watt
ft W e b e r

Sample test paper

2C

Il
5Fu

3C

I H
2 0Fu

a
ft
c
d

1.0-mA r a n g e
10-mA range
100-mA range
1.0-A r a n g e

154
C.45

Appendix C

Sample test paper

In Question C.44
be
a 48 V
ft 60 V
c 72 V
d 80 V

the r e a d i n g in M2

would

C.48

C.50
470

expressed in millivolts is

a 0.047 m V
ft 0.47 m V
c 4.7 m V
d 47 m V

F o u r 1000- resistors are c o n n e c t e d


parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d resistance is

in

a 250
ft 1000
c 2000
d 4000

4.5 m V expressed in volts is


a 0.45 V

ft 0.045 V
c 0.0045 V
d 0.00045 V

C.47

a 1 V

ft 70 V
c 700 V
d 7000 V
C.49

C.46

0.7 k V e x p r e s s e d in volts is

T h r e e resistors h a v i n g values of 40 , 50
a n d 200 are c o n n e c t e d in parallel. T h e
c o m b i n e d resistance is
a 10
ft 20
c 25
d 30

Appendix D

D.l

If 2x

D.2

5x = 7 7 , is
10
11
12

If in the circuit s h o w n in Q u e s t i o n D . 3 both


resistors h a d values of 3 0 , the total
current supplied by the battery w o u l d b e
a 1.67 A
b 2.67 A
c 5.33 A
d 6.67 A

D.6

T h e d e n a r y n u m b e r 8 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 4
is

b 10
c -10
d -40

In the d i a g r a m the total current supplied by


the battery is
a 2.5 A
b 5.0 A
c 7.5 A
d 8.5 A

~ Z T~

1 0 0V

Rl

6R0

D.4

D.5

d 13

If y + 3y - 4 0 = 0, y is
a 0

D.3

+
a
b
c

Sample test paper

R2

3R0

a 12
b 20
c 22

d 31

D.7

T h e d e n a r y n u m b e r 8 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 3
is
a 16
b 20
c 21
d 22

D.8

T h e d e n a r y n u m b e r 8 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 2
is

If in Q u e s t i o n D . 3 the resistor R
2 is
r e m o v e d from the circuit, the current supplied b y the battery is t h e n
a 1.11 A
b 1.24 A
c 1.67 A
d 2.67 A

D.9

a
b
c
d

1000
1010
1011
1111

0 . 0 1 - c a p a c i t a n c e e x p r e s s e d in n a n o farads is
a 10 n F
b 100 n F
c 1000 n F
d 10000 nF

156
D.10

Appendix D

A 0 . 0 2 4 - H i n d u c t a n c e e x p r e s s e d in millih e n r y s is

a 10100
b 10101

c 24 m H

d 240 m H

c 10110
d 10111

A 0 . 1 5 - m H i n d u c t a n c e e x p r e s s e d in m i c r o h e n r y s is
a
b
c
d

D.17

a An OR
b ANAND

c A NOR
d A NOT

D.18

a 22
b 23

c 24
d 32

T h e denary n u m b e r 2 0 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 6
is
a
b
c
d

32
34
42
44

T h e denary n u m b e r 2 0 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 4
is
a 101
b 102

c 103
d 110

d 0.915 rad

D.19

5ir/6

T h e denary n u m b e r 2 0 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 8
is

A n angle of 4 5 e x p r e s s e d in radians is
a 0.625 r a d
b 0.785 rad
c 0.825 rad

D.15

b A diode
c A transistor
d A n amplifier

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a gate w h i c h is

D.14

as a

The diagram shows


a A transformer

0.015
1.5
15
150

D.13

T h e denary n u m b e r 2 0 expressed
binary n u m b e r is

D.12

D.16

a 0.24 m H
b 2.4 m H

D.ll

Sample test paper

D.20

180

T h e SI unit of t i m e is the
a Second

D.21

radians e x p r e s s e d in degrees is
a 100
b 120
c 150

b Minute
c Hour
d Day

In the d i a g r a m the value of / is


a 2
b 20
c 2 mA
d 20 m A

2R

JL
Rl

6 0R0

2 0R0
y

Appendix D
D.22

In Q u e s t i o n D . 2 1 the p o w e r dissipated in

D.28

/?! is

a 200 m W

D.23

d 240

\
\

a 8 0 \
b 100 \

c 80 m W

d 200 m W

If in Q u e s t i o n D . 2 7 a 1 6 0 - resistor is
c o n n e c t e d b e t w e e n A a n d B , the current
flowing is

In Q u e s t i o n D . 2 1 the p o w e r dissipated in
R is

D.24

c 200

D.29

c 50 m A
d 80 m A

In the d i a g r a m the voltage b e t w e e n points


A a n d is

a 0 V
ft 12 V

c 24 V
d 36 V

0.03 s e x p r e s s e d in m i l l i s e c o n d s is
a 0.3 m s
ft 3 m s

D.25

c 30 ms
d 300 ms

a 0.016 8
ft 1.6 8

c 16 8
d 160 8

D.27

ft 0.25
c 2.5

d 25

a
ft
c
d

0 V
12 V
18 V
24 V

D.31

A 0.2- capacitor is c o n n e c t e d to a 2 5 0 - V
supply. T h e c h a r g e o n the plates is
a 5 0
ft 5 0 0
c 50 m C
d 500 m C

D.32

In Q u e s t i o n D . 3 1 the e n e r g y stored in the


capacitor is
a 4.22

c 16 V
d 24 V

5 V

If in Q u e s t i o n D . 2 9 o n e battery is r e m o v e d ,
the voltage b e t w e e n A a n d is then

In the d i a g r a m the voltage b e t w e e n points


A a n d is

flOV
ft 8 V

12

2 5 0 8 e x p r e s s e d in milliseconds is
a 0.025

12 V
1,

0.16 m s e x p r e s s e d in m i c r o s e c o n d s is

12

H > -

D.30
D.26

157

a 10 m A
ft 2 0 m A

ft 2 4 0 m W

Sample test paper

ft 5.25
c 6.25 m J
d 8.36 m J

158

Appendix D

2
D.33

40 -40

D.39

a 0.025

ft

0.2

a 10

c 20

ft

d 40

c 12

d 13

and is

4
-

d 1

11

r]l7R
15rM

JC

M13R

- X

D.40
D.35

In the d i a g r a m the resistance b e t w e e n A

4
D.34

Sample test paper

b 0.02

c 0.32
d 0.82

If in the circuit s h o w n in Q u e s t i o n D . 3 9 a

D , the resistance b e t w e e n A and is then

series. T h e c o m b i n e d c a p a c i t a n c e is
a 0.01

4 0 - resistor is c o n n e c t e d b e t w e e n C and

F o u r 0 . 0 8 - capacitors are c o n n e c t e d in

D.41

a 2

b 4

c 6

/ 8

If in the circuit s h o w n in Question D . 3 9 a


short circuit is placed b e t w e e n points C and

D.36

If in Q u e s t i o n

D.35

the capacitors

D , the resistance b e t w e e n A and is then

are

c o n n e c t e d in parallel, the c o m b i n e d c a p a c i tance is

a 0.01

b 0.02

c 0.32

d 0.82

D.42

15

c 30

d 45

256 =

a 0

fc 1

2
D.37

D.38

If 5x

= 80, is

a 2

b 3

c 4

J 5

A 6 8 0 - p F capacitor 3is equal to


a 680 10"6 F

b 680 10"9 F

c 6 8 0 1 0 " 12F
d 680 1 0 " F

c 4

D.43

256

256 X 256 =

a 0

fc 1

D.44

c 4

</ 2 5 6

The colour
d en o t es
a 5
fc 6

c 7

grey

in

the

resistor

code

Appendix D
D.45

D.46

D.47

D.48

W a v e l e n g t h is d e n o t e d b y the G r e e k letter

a Alpha

ft L a m b d a
c Delta
d Omega

D.49

Sample test paper

159

1 in air of
S o u n d has a velocity

a 330 m s " 1
b 400 m s " 1

c 500 m s " 1
d 660 m s "

A frequency of 3 0 0 k H z has a w a v e l e n g t h
of

a 10 2m
b 103 m
c 104 m

d 10

T h e w o r k d o n e w h e n a force of 10 m o v e s
through a distance of 0.8 m is

1.8 J

b 8 J

c 16 J
d 80 J

D.50

In the d i a g r a m the potential


b e t w e e n A a n d is
a 0 V
ft 3 V
c 6 V
d 9 V

+ 1 2V

Rl

E l e c t r o m a g n e t i c radiation h a s a velocity in
4
1
v a c u u m of
a 3 1 05 m s " 1
ft 3 1 0 6 m s " 1
c 3 1 08 m s " 1
d 3 10 m s "

1 5R0

~
R2

ov

a 8

1 5R0

R
3

6 0R0

R
4

6 0R0

-k
I

difference

Appendix Sample test paper

E.l

E.2

E.6

2 2 % of a certain resistance is 5 5 R . T h e total


value of the resistance is

a 120R
ft 155R
c 200R

d 250R

In the d i a g r a m
w a v e f o r m is

a
b
c
d

the p e a k

value

of

E.7

the

0 V
-24 V
12 V
24 V

E.8

VL0

L
>
THNE

ft

1:0

c
d

1:1
1:2

In Q u e s t i o n E.2 the a v e r a g e value is


0 V
ft 6 V

In Q u e s t i o n E.2 the p e a k to p e a k value of


the w a v e f o r m is

flOV
ft 12 V
c -12 V
d 24 V

E.4

In Q u e s t i o n E.2
w a v e f o r m is
a 1Hz
ft 1 0 H z
c 100 H z
d 1000 H z

E.5

In Question
a 3 X
ft 3 X
c 3 X
d 3 X

If VGO - 4 = 2, y is
a 3
ft 4
c 6
d 36

T h e i m p e d a n c e of a 2 0 - capacitor at
100 H z is
a 28.68 i l
ft 3 5 . 4 2

the

c 12 V
d 24 V

I (ns)
E.9

E.3

0:1

+ 21

- 21

In Q u e s t i o n E.2 the m a r k / s p a c e ratio is

frequency

E.2 4the w a v e l e n g t h is
1 0 5H z
1 0 6H z
1 0 8H z
10 Hz

of

c 66.62
d 79.57

E.10

T h e i m p e d a n c e of a 5-H inductor at 100 H z


is
a 1608
ft 3 1 4 2
c 6284
d 8080

E.ll

T h e t i m e constant of a 1- resistor and a


2 - capacitor is
a 1.5 s
ft 2.0 s
c 4.0 s
d 4.5 s

the

Appendix
E.12

T h e time constant of a 10-H inductor and a


2 0 - resistor is
a 0.5
ft 2.0
c 20
d 50

E.18

s
s
s
s

Sample test paper

In the d i a g r a m the resistance b e t w e e n A


and is
a 20
ft 4 0
c 60
d 80

Rl

E.13

E.15

If 3y + = 6 + 4z, y is
a + 6

E.16

E.17

T h e a v e r a g e value o v e r a c o m p l e t e cycle of
a voltage sine w a v e s y m m e t r i c a l about
earth is

flOV
ft 1 V
c V
d 2 V

The
sine

a v e r a g e v a l u e over half a cycle of a


w a v e is
a 0.5 X p e a k value
ft 0.637 X p e a k value
c 0.707 X p e a k value
d TT X p e a k value

2 0R

R
80
R3

C=]
400R

E.19

If 2 4 0 V is applied to the circuit in Question


E.18, the current in Rx is
a 1.2 A
ft 2.4 A
c 3.6 A
d 4.8 A

E.20

If 3 0 0 V is applied to the circuit in Question


E.18, the current in R2 is
a 1.6 A
ft 2.2 A
c 2.8 A
d 3.0 A

E.21

If the resistance b e t w e e n A and in


Q u e s t i o n E.18 is 100 , and Rx is 150
and R2 is 50 , the value of R3 is
a 50
ft 100
c 150
d 200

E.22

If V p is the p e a k v a l u e of a sine w a v e , the


r.m.s. v a l u e is

In Q u e s t i o n E . 1 3 , is
a 3y + 2
U b
3y-2
U c 2 + y
d y - 2

T h e n u m b e r of possible inputs to a threeinput logic gate is


a 2
ft 4
c 6
d 8

2R

ft 6 - z
Q c z + 2
d 3z + 6

E.14

161

TT/V

ft Vp/
c TT/2Vp
d 2VpITT
E.23

T h e gain or the loss of an electronic


n e t w o r k c a n b e m e a s u r e d in the
a Joule
ft F a r a d
c Ohm
d Decibel

162
E.24

Appendix

Sample test paper

In the d i a g r a m the r e a c t a n c e of the c a p a c itor is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

E.29

In Q u e s t i o n E.28 the current / is

a 4.83
ft 6.37
c 8.42

E.26

E.30

?
\y

20

V|

/ =

50

Hz

In Q u e s t i o n E . 2 4 the current / is a p p r o x imately


a 1.42 A
b 2.28 A

E.31

135

180

a 0
b 45

c 90
d 180

T h e unit for m a g n e t i c flux is the


a Henry
ft W e b e r
c Tesla

4
4
a + , y is
If y = +12
a a16
ft a 4
c 3 4

d Ampere

E.32

T h e unit for m a g n e t i c flux density is the


a Henry
ft O h m
c Tesla
d Ampere

E.33

T h e G r e e k letter s y m b o l for resistivity is

a Delta
ft A l p h a
c Lambda

d Rho

da
E.34

E.28

In Q u e s t i o n E . 2 4 the p h a s e angle b e t w e e n
the voltage a n d current is
a 45
b 90

b 50.8 m A
c 66.3 m A
d 70.4 m A

In Q u e s t i o n E.28 the p h a s e angle b e t w e e n


voltage a n d current is

c 3.14 A
d 6.88 A

E.27

a 20.4 m A

d 9.33
500

E.25

In the d i a g r a m the r e a c t a n c e of the inductor


is
a 3016
ft 4 2 4 4
c 5208
d 6331

200J
60 Hz

In the b l o c k d i a g r a m of a two-stage amplifier, if the gain of stage 1 is 2 and the gain


of stage 2 is 8, the overall gain is

Input
\v=

a 2
ft 8
c 10

d 16

utput

Appendix
E.35

In Q u e s t i o n E . 3 4 , if the input to stage 1 is

E.41

E.36

E.37

a 1.0 V

b 2.0 V

c 8.0 V

a 25Hz
b 50Hz
c 75 Hz

d 16.0 V

d 100 H z

In Q u e s t i o n E.35 the overall gain in decibels is

a 12
b 24
c 36

d 40

E.42

T h e ripple frequency in a m a i n s full-wave


rectifier s y s t e m is

T h e b l o c k d i a g r a m s h o w n is for a p o w e r
supply unit. B l o c k 1 is the
a Transformer

E.43

E.44
Mains
Input

E.38

E.39

E.40

_ _ _ _

DC
Dutpu-b

In Q u e s t i o n E.37 b l o c k 2 is the
a Transformer
b Rectifier
c Filter
d Stabilizer

In Q u e s t i o n E.37 b l o c k 4 is the
a Transformer
b Rectifier
c Filter
d Stabilizer

25 H z
50Hz
75 Hz
100 H z

a
b
c
d

1101
1110
1100
1000

T h e b a s e 3 n u m b e r 121 c o n v e r t e d to b a s e
10 is
a 14

E.45

b 15
c 16

d 22

In the d i a g r a m , gate 1 is
a An EXCLUSIVE-OR
b A NOR

In Q u e s t i o n E.37 b l o c k 3 is the
a Transformer
b Rectifier
c Filter
d Stabilizer

a
b
c
d

T h e addition of the binary n u m b e r s 111 a n d


110 is

b Rectifier
c Filter
d Stabilizer

1_

c A NOT
d
ANAND

I I

E.46

163

T h e ripple frequency in a m a i n s half-wave


rectifier s y s t e m is

0.5 V, the output of stage 2 is

Sample test paper

In Q u e s t i o n E . 4 5 , gate 2 is
a An A N D
b
ANAND
c A NOT
d An EXCLUSIVE-OR

1
o - o

164
E.47

E.48

Appendix

Sample test paper

W h i c h o n e of the following gates p e r f o r m s


the s a m e function as the gate c o m b i n a t i o n
s h o w n in Q u e s t i o n E . 4 5 ?

E.49

In Q u e s t i o n E . 4 8 , if a short circuit is placed


b e t w e e n C a n d D , the resistance b e t w e e n A
a n d is then

a OR
ft N O T

a 16
ft 2 0

c NAND
d AND

In the d i a g r a m the resistance b e t w e e n A


a n d is
a 21
ft 2 4

30
d 42

E.50

If in Q u e s t i o n E.48 R is replaced by a
2
1 4 0 - resistor, the resistance b e t w e e n A
and b e c o m e s
a 18.2
ft 21.3
c 25.5

Rl

2R

3 0R

R 40

-CZZ2
6R

h
R 24

28
d 40

d 30.4

Appendix F

Sample test paper


2

F.l

A voltage amplifier h a s a gain of 2. T h e


gain e x p r e s s e d in decibels is

a 2
ft 4

c 6
d 12

F.6

F.7
F.2

F.3

a 2
b 6
c 12

d 24

T h r e e n e t w o r k s c o n n e c t e d in series h a v e
individual gains of 18 d B , - 6 d B a n d 9 d B .
T h e overall gain is

F.4

a
b
c
d

15
21
27
33

dB
dB
dB
dB

b 4

c 16
d 64

T h e b a s e for natural l o g a r i t h m s is equal to

a 20 ms
b 0.05 s

c 20 s

d 50 s

In the d i a g r a m the overall c a p a c i t a n c e of the


circuit is

a 5 V
b 6 V

c 1 V
d 8 V

a 1
b 2

c 3
U d
4

Cl

a +6
b -6
c +18
d -18

A n e t w o r k h a s a voltage loss of 6 d B . If the


input voltage is 10 V, the output voltage is

a 1.321
b 2.718
c 3.142
d 6.284

T h e t i m e constant of a 2 - H inductor a n d a
1 0 0 - resistor is

T h e input voltage to a filter is 8 mV, a n d the


output voltage is 1.0 mV. T h e overall gain in
decibels is

F.5

X 4" =

a 1

If an amplifier h a s a p o w e r gain of 16, the


gain in decibels is

4 4

2C

[HI

II

1 2 uF

4 Fu

VI

F.10

2V

100V

In Q u e s t i o n F.9 the voltage V is


X
a 10 V
ft 25 V

c 75 V
d 80 V

166
F.ll

Appendix F

In Q u e s t i o n F.9 the voltage V is


2
a 12 V
ft 2 5 V
c 75 V

F.12

F.14

d 90 V
F.20

ft 150
c 250
d 300

In Q u e s t i o n
a 100
ft 2 0 0
c 300
d 400

F.9 the c h a r g e stored in C


\LQ

O c t a l 34 in binary is

a 010011

ft 0 0 1 0 0 1
c 001111
d 011100

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a attenuator. T h e
resistance l o o k i n g into A B is
a 20
ft 3 0
c 50

2 is

d 70

A
H

20R

c 3.55
d 3.75

d 11.25 m J

H
30R

F.21

In Question F.9 the e n e r g y stored in C is


2
a 10.04 m J
ft 10.18 m J
c 10.88 m J

20R

In Q u e s t i o n F.9 the e n e r g y stored in C is


x
a 3.55 m J
ft 3.75 m J

F.15

F.19

In Question F.9 the c h a r g e stored in C is


x
a 100

F.13

Sample test paper

In Q u e s t i o n F.20, if a short circuit is placed


b e t w e e n C a n d D , the resistance looking
into A B is
a 16
ft 32

c 48
d 50

F.16

A capacitor plate has an area of 12 m m .


T h e d i a m e t e r is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 1.95 m m
ft 3.9 m m
c 4.7 m m
d 6.2 m m

F.22

A sine w a v e h a s a p e a k v a l u e of 4 0 V. T h e
r.m.s. value is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 28.29 V
ft 3 0 . 3 3 V
c 31.46 V
d 32.52 V

F.17

T h e p r o d u c t of the binary n u m b e r s 100 a n d


101 is
a 10010
ft 10011

F.23

T h e average
Question F 2 2
a 20 V
ft 25.48
c 28.28
d 56.56

R18

c 10100
d 11101

If binary 10010 is divided b y binary 11, the


a n s w e r is
a 101
ft 110
c 100
d 111

F.24

value over half a cycle in


is
V
V
V

T h e form factor
Q u e s t i o n F.22 is
a 1.01
ft 1.11
c 2.22
d 3.11

for

the

waveform

in

Appendix F
F.25

3 Q u e s t i o n F.22 h a s a
If the w a v e f o r m1 in

F.31

frequency of 1 0 H z , the w a v e l e7n g t h is

5
ft 3 1 0 " m
c 3 1 0 5m

F.26

If R = (R IR )
X2
a (R ft (R

F.27

d 3 X 1(T

c R I(R
X
d R I(K

F.28

ft

+ K, R is
2
R )IK
X
K)IR

c 20

d 25

K)
R)

is

d A D C p o w e r amplifier

x = 6 0 a n d F.33

A n R F amplifier in a T V is
a Selective
ft F i x e d t u n e
c U s e d to amplify the I F carrier
d U s e d for d e m o d u l a t i o n

a (R +

R )IR

X 2
R)
x
c (R R )/R
x 2
d (RR R )IR
2
X 2

ft R I(R

F.34

In Q u e s t i o n F.26, R

a R (R

2
2

ft R I(R

F.30

In Q u e s t i o n F.30 b l o c k C is
a A D C generator
ft A n oscillator
c A differential amplifier

In Q u e s t i o n F.26, is

F.29

F.32

15

c A D C p o w e r amplifier

U d A differential amplifier

7, the value of R
a 10

a A n oscillator

ft A D C g e n e r a t o r

If in Q u e s t i o n F.26 R = 11, R

167

In Q u e s t i o n F.30 b l o c k is

fl3X10 m

Sample test paper

c R(R

d R(R

x is

K)

+ K)

In the d i a g r a m the v o l t a g e d r o p across


is

a 10

ft

c 30
d 40

2 - K)
2 + K)

[set
Speed

IControll

L_|
|j

I
A

Sc
|

<

|Mo-tor|

| " |

20

Rl

2R

3R

4R

1 0R

2R0

4R0

1R0

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a s p e e d control s y s t e m .
B l o c k A is
a A n oscillator
ft A D C g e n e r a t o r
c A D C p o w e r amplifier
d A differential amplifier

2 4 0V

F.35

A 1 0 : 1 s t e p - d o w n t r a n s f o r m e r w o u l d give
a p e a k to p e a k m a i n s voltage o n the
s e c o n d a r y of

a 24
ft 3 4

c 48
d 68

168
F.36

Appendix F

Sample test paper

In the d i a g r a m the logic function satisfied


by the l a m p is

a AND
ft O R

c NOT

d NOR

Lamp

F.37

F.38

a Attenuation
b Feedback

c Oscillation
d Gain

F.43

If an a e r i a l ' s length is to b e 1/4 wavelength,


the length for a frequency of 100 M H z will
be

a 0.5 m
b 1.0 m

c 0.75 m
d 3.0 m

G i v5e n that the p o w e r gain of an amplifier is


1 0 , a n d that the input p o w e r is 0.1 \, the
output p o w e r is

a 1 mW
b 1 W

c 100 m W
d 10 m W

In the d i a g r a m the circuit s h o w s the operation of


a
ANAND
b A NOR
c A NOT
d An A N D

A 1 2 0 - m V r.m.s. sine w a v e will h a v e a p e a k


v a l u e of
a
b
c
d

169
189
200
240

20
40
80
120

20R

1
^

Decimal
a
ft
c
d

80R

100R

n
g

87 in binary is
1010111
1111010
1001101
1010001

ILAMPI
N

j [ yF.44

B i n a r y 110100 in d e c i m a l is

mV
mV
mV
mV

In the d i a g r a m the value of R is


a
ft
c
d

F.40

F.42

Information from the output signal of an


amplifier fed b a c k to modify the input
signal is called

F.39

F.41

F.45

a
ft
c
d

42
46
48
52

In the d i a g r a m , / is equal to
a 6 A
ft 6 0 m A
c 600
d 1 A

1000R

4000R

5000R

Appendix F
F.46

Materials formed by o n e type of a t o m are


called

F.49

a Electrons
b Elements

c Protons
d Neutrons

c Cyan

d Magenta

F o u r resistors of 6 8 e a c h c o n n e c t e d in
parallel will h a v e a c o m b i n e d resistance of
4
b 6.8
c 17
d 68

F.48

M a n g a n e s e dioxide is u s e d in a dry cell to


act as
Q

b
c
d

A n electrode
A source of electrons
A conductor
A depolarizer

F.50

169

In c o l o u r television m i x i n g , r e d + green +
b l u e in suitable p r o p o r t i o n s gives

F.47

Sample test paper

a Yellow
b White

T h e unit quantity of electrical c h a r g e is


a The ampere
b The joule
c T h e watt
d The coulomb

Appendix G

G.l

A 5 - k W m a i n s - o p e r a t e d electric fire will


d r a w a current of

G.2

Sample test paper

a
b
c
d

G.5

5 A
10.8 A
15.8 A
20.8 A

In a T V receiver the field t i m e b a s e r u n s


at

a 50 Hz

b 25 H z
c 625 Hz
d 15 6 2 5 H z

G.6

T h e b o d y of a portable dry p o w d e r fire


extinguisher is n o r m a l l y painted

a Blue
b Black

c Red
d Green

In the d i a g r a m , X w o u l d b e
a A frequency c h a n g e r
b A buffer amplifier
c A modulator
d A demodulator

G.3

G.4

G i v e n that a resistor c o n n e c t e d to a 2 4 0 - V
supply dissipates 4 8 0 W, the value is

a 60

b 120
c 240
d 480

a
b
c
d

~~[~~^

G.7

If a = *V(36), b is
a 36a
b 6a
c a/6
d a/36

G.8

Denary
a
b
c
d

N e g a t i v e feedback
Positive feedback
A filter n e t w o r k
A n attenuator

Amplifier

[RF

Tuned
Circuit

Amplifier

^"Amplifier"

F o r the circuit s h o w n to oscillate, b l o c k X


w o u l d n e e d to b e

psciUa-tor]

65 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
1000001
1100011
1011010
1110011

_L

Appendix G
G.9

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a battery with an
internal resistance r, c o n n e c t e d to a load R.
T h e value of r is

a 0.05
b 0.08

c 0.1
d 1.0

G.13

G.14
A
f
r
C ^ H I > 0

0,2
\1
/ 2

G.10

G.ll

1
V

a 33.8
b 35.9
c 40.6
d 47.9

G.16

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a h a l f - w a v e rectifier
circuit a n d a 2 4 : 1 step d o w n transformer.
If the input voltage is 120 V r.m.s., a n d
a s s u m i n g n o losses, the p e a k voltage across
t h e load is

a 4.62 V

b 5.32 V
c 7.07 V
d 9.61 V

3
G.12

G.15

In Q u e s t i o n G.9 the value of resistor R is

If in Q u e s t i o n G . l l the input voltage V is


m
increased to 4 8 0 V, t h e p e a k voltage across
R is
L
a 14.14

b 28.28
c 56.56
d 60.67

a 251a

b 0.2a
c a/25
d a + 5

171

b is

D e n a r y 8 5 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
a 1000100
b 1000101
c 1010101
d 1110111

1
71,8

If a = bj(25),

Sample test paper

2 0 C c o n v e r t e d to d e g r e e s F a h r e n h e i t is

a 3 6 F
b 40 F

c 5 9 F
J 68 F

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a three-stage network.
T h e gain of stage 2 is

a 0.2

0.5
c 2.0
d 5.0

;;ioo nv

jjl.5

j;o.3

7,5 V

G.17

T h e overall gain in Q u e s t i o n G.16 is


a 15
b 30
c 75
d 80

G.18

In Q u e s t i o n G . 1 6 the gain of stage 2 in


decibels is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a -1
b 1
c 14
d -14

172
G.19

Appendix G

Sample test paper

In Q u e s t i o n
decibels is

G.16

the

overall

gain

in

G.25

In Q u e s t i o n G . 2 2 the D C voltage across R


L
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 18.75
ft 37.5

G.20

c 75.0
d 80.2

If = bl(atc\

a
b
c
d

t is

G.26

axlbc
bclax
ablcx
bl(acx)

a 19.81 V
b 20.31 V

c 38.19 V
d 48.82 V

In Q u e s t i o n G . 2 2 the r.m.s. voltage across


R is

a 60 V
ft 7 0 V
c 75 V

G.21

G.22

d 80 V

D e n a r y 9 6 e x p r e s s e d in binary is

a 1100000
b 1110000
c 1111000

d 1111100

G.27

a 1.5 A

b 2.0 A

c 2.5 A
d 3.0 A

G.28

G.29

L
Vin

R R

6 0

<>

G.23

In Q u e s t i o n G . 2 2
approximately
a 482 m A
ft 5 8 0 m A
c 637 m A
d 707 m A

G.24

In Q u e s t i o n G . 2 2 the r.m.s. current is


a 0.6 A
ft 0.7 A

c 0.9 A
d 1.0 A

is

ft

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a half-wave rectifier
circuit c o n n e c t e d to a 2 4 0 - V m a i n s supply.
If the p e a k output voltage from the rectifier
is 120 V, the p e a k current is

If C/LN =
a L/NC
CIL

the

DC

current

is

G.30

c ZJV7C

C/LN

D e n a r y 17 e x p r e s s e d in binary is

a 10001
ft 10011
c 10100

d 11101

In the F a h r e n h e i t t e m p e r a t u r e scale the


t e m p e r a t u r e of m e l t i n g ice is taken as

a 0
ft 3 2

c 40
d 42

The diagram
output p o w e r
a 3.62
ft 4.88
c 6.32
d 7.54

s h o w s a single stage, T h e
W is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
2
W
W
W
W

Appendix G
G.31

G.32

G.33

If in Q u e s t i o n G . 3 0 the gain is 6 d B , the


output p o w e r is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

G.38

a Blue

b Red
c Green

c 120 W

d Violet

d 150 W
G.39

T h e d e n a r y n u m b e r 14 c o n v e r t e d to b a s e 4
is
a 12
b 22

c 30
d 32

If W

=
a
b
c
J

G.41

I R a n d W = 3 0 a n d R = 120, / is
0.25
0.5
2.5
5.5

Denary
a
b
c
d

G.36

A four-band resistor h a s c o l o u r b a n d s
o r a n g e , w h i t e , red a n d red. T h e o h m i c
value is
a 1.8 k i l 5 %
b 2.7 kil 2 %
c 3.9 kil 2%
d 4.7 kil 1 0 %

G.37

G i v e n a 0 . 4 7 - 2 % resistor, b a n d 1 is
coloured
a Orange
b Yellow

c Blue
d Green

c Red
d Gold

If a + b = c , w h e r e = 12 a n d ft = 16, c
is
a 12
ft 14

102 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
1000010
1000011
1000110
1100110

Gold
Silver
Red
Yellow

In Q u e s t i o n G . 3 7 b a n d 4 is c o l o u r e d
a Brown
b Black

G.42
G.35

a
b
c
d

2
G.34

In Q u e s t i o n G . 3 7 b a n d 3 is c o l o u r e d

G.40

173

In Q u e s t i o n G.37 b a n d 2 is c o l o u r e d

a 160 W
ft 2 4 0 W

If in Q u e s t i o n G . 3 0 the gain is - 3 0 d B a n d
the output p o w e r is 2.0 W, the input p o w e r
is
a 500 W
b 1 kW
c 2 kW
d 4kW

Sample test paper

c 16
d 20

D e n a r y 111 e x p r e s s e d in b i n a r y is
a 1101111
ft 1110000

c 1110011
ii 1111001

G.43

A n electronic unit dissipating 1.2 k W from


a 2 4 0 - V m a i n s supply takes a current of
a 2 A
ft 3 A
c 5 A
d 8 A

G.44

In a m p l i t u d e m o d u l a t i o n , if t h e p e a k signal
is 0.6 V a n d the carrier p e a k is 2.4 V, the
d e p t h of m o d u l a t i o n is
a 20%
ft 2 5 %
c 33%
d 50%

174
G.45

G.46

Appendix G

Sample test paper

If in Q u e s t i o n G.44 the carrier p e a k is


r e d u c e d to 1.5 V, the d e p t h of m o d u l a t i o n is
then

G.48

If

= A/^(y), y
2

20%

JC /16

35%

16/JC

c 40%
d 50%

A carrier h a s a p e a k value of 1.2 V. If the


depth of m o d u l a t i o n is 6 0 % , the p e a k

G.49

signal is
a 600 mV

D e n a r y 13 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
a 1001

ft 6 8 0 m V
c 720 mV
d 800 m V

b 1101
c 1110
1111

Ud

G.47

If

V ( J C ) = 0.5,

JC is

a 0.5

ft 0.06
c 0.055
d 0.0625

is


ft xIA2

G.50

is

a 0

ft 1
c j
d -1

Appendix H

H.l

Sample test paper

In the d i a g r a m the value of the overall


resistance R is
a 50R
b 60R

H.5

Denary
a
b
c
d

H.6

If y = a + (jc/ft), is

c 70R
d 80R
Rl

2R

6 0R

R
40

R3

1 5 0R

H.2

In Q u e s t i o n H . l , R is c h a n g e d in order to
2
m a k e the v a l u e of R 7 5 R . T h e n e w value of
R is

H.3

a 90R
b 95R
c 100R

Denary
a
b
c

H.8

a
b
c
d

10R
20R
40R
50R

c 75 Hz
d 80 Hz

10 e x p r e s s e d in b i n a r y is
1000
1001
1010
1100

U a 1.5 A

120R

A sinusoidal oscillator p r o d u c e s 2 0 c y c l e s
in 4 0 0 m s . T h e frequency is
a 25 H z
b 50Hz

ft(y + a)
biy
-a)
y(b - a)
y(b + a)

In the d i a g r a m , if e a c h battery h a s an
internal resistance of 0.25 , the current /
is

In Q u e s t i o n H . l , R is c h a n g e d in order to
x
m a k e the v a l u e of R 3 7 R 5 . T h e n e w v a l u e
of Ri is

H.4

H.7

b
c
d

19 c o n v e r t e d to b a s e 8 is
15
16
20
23

6 V

H.9

b 1.6 A
c 1.8 A
d 2.0 A

6 V

6 V

15R

6 V

In Q u e s t i o n H . 8 the voltage across if? is


a 21.0 V
b 21.5 V
c 22.0 V
d 22.5 V

176
H.10

H.11

H.12

H.13

Appendix H

Sample test paper

In Q u e s t i o n H . 8 , if o n e battery is reversed,
the current / is then
a 0.5 A
b 0.75 A
c 1.0 A
d 1.5 A

In Q u e s t i o n H . 1 0 the voltage across R is


a 5.25 V
b 5.75 V
c 11.25 V
d 17.25 V

If c = J(abd), d is
a dab
2
b bcla
c c lab
d abc

Denary
a
b
c
d

117 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
1000100
1001010
1010101
1110101

H.14

A p o w e r ratio of 10 m W input a n d 12.6


m W output e x p r e s s e d in decibels is
a 1
b 2
c -1
d -6

H.15

A n e t w o r k has an input of 1 m W a n d an
output of 2 W. T h e gain in decibels is
a 26
b 33
c 40
d 66

H.16

If the output of the n e t w o r k in Q u e s t i o n


H . 1 5 is 8 0 0 \ , the gain in decibels is
a 0
b -1
c 1
d 10

H.17

F o u r resistors c o n n e c t e d in parallel h a v e a
c o m b i n e d resistance of 7.5 . T h r e e of the
resistors h a v e values of 15 , 3 0 and
4 0 . T h e v a l u e of the fourth is

100
105
110
120

a
b
c
d

3
H.18

If

H.19

H.20

a
b
c
d

= 9, is
3
81
243
729

+
a
b
c

4y = 11, a n d
2
4
6

V W

If 3x

JC

+ 7 j = 15, y is

I n Q u e s t i o n H . 1 9 , JC is

b
c
d

1
4
6
7

H.21

Denary
a
b
c
d

H.22

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a 1 2 : 1 step-up transformer. If V is 110 V r.m.s. a n d a s s u m i n g


in
n o losses, the p e a k to p e a k value of V is
ot u
approximately
a 1320 V
b 1866 V
c 3733 V
d 7466 V

127 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 2 is
1000000
1100000
1111000
1111111

<>

Vout

Lrhj

Appendix H
H.23

A t e m p e r a t u r e of
degrees Celsius is

250

expressed

in

H.29

a - 2 3 C
ft 2 3 C

H.24

9 0 C e x p r e s s e d in the K e l v i n scale is
a 300
b 330

H.25

110
122
160
194

a
b
c
d

b 2.0 A
c 4.0 A

d 8.0 A
24R

J -36
]

15R

H.27

H.28

d 4.93 A

20

is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 198.3
b 202.2
c 219.7
d 300.4

If 5 J C = 1280,

is

2
4
5
8

H.32

2.5%

of
a
b
c
d

8 0 0 is
20
100
120
160

H.33

A 6-V 12-W b u l b h a s a filament resistance


of

In Q u e s t i o n H . 2 6 the current flowing in the


2 4 R resistor is
a 0.67 A
b 0.96 A
c 1.67 A
d 2.67 A

a
b
c
d

6R

In Q u e s t i o n H . 2 6 the current flowing in the


15R resistor is
a 1.12 A
b 1.33 A
c 1.67 A
d 2.33 A

a 1.29 A
b 3.61 A
c 3.82 A

'"I

vl

4
H.31

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a four-resistor n e t w o r k .
T h e value of the current flowing in the 8 R
resistor is

1.5 A

If the 15R resistor in Q u e s t i o n H . 2 6 is


r e p l a c e d b y a 6 0 R resistor, the total current
supplied b y t h e battery is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

H.24

F
F
F
F

177

18
H.30

c 363
d 400

The
temperature
in
Question
e x p r e s s e d in d e g r e e s F a h r e n h e i t is

H.26

c - 5 0 C
d 5 0 C

Sample test paper

H.34

H.35

a 0.3
b 1.5
c 3.0

d 6.0

A 12-V
of
a
ft
c
d

3 - W b u l b h a s a filament resistance
12
20
24
48

1 2 5 - resistor is p a s s i n g a current of
2 0 0 m A . T h e applied v o l t a g e is
a 25 V
ft 5 0 V
c 75 V
d 80 V

178
H.36

H.37

H.38

Appendix H

T h e p o w e r dissipated in the resistor in


Q u e s t i o n H.35 is
Q a 2 W

a 353 m A
b 406 m A
c 608 m A

d 1

d 735 m A

T h e product of the binary n u m b e r s 100 a n d


101 is
a 10001
b 10010
c 10011
d 10100

H.43

T h e product of the binary n u m b e r s 1000


and 1010 is
a 1001110

H.44

b 1010000
c 1010111
d 1011000
127

expressed

in

H.45

In the d i a g r a m the current in the 2 R resistor


is

a 600 m A

b 720 m A
c 824 m A
d 910 m A

H.46

-ZJ^~4V y

N^p

In Q u e s t i o n H . 4 0 the current in the 5 R


resistor is
a 332 m A
b All m A

c 603 m A
d 821 m A

V
V
V
V
to

T h e d e n a r y n u m b e r 29.75 converted
h e x a d e c i m a l is
a 8A.A
b 3D.4

to

c C
d F

c 4A.C
d 1D.C

The denary number


h e x a d e c i m a l is

5R

1.65
2.35
5.65
6.35

1100 converted

d 1111111

a
b
c
d

T h e binary n u m b e r
h e x a d e c i m a l is
a A
b

T h e denary n u m b e r
binary form is
a 1000000
b 1100000
c 1110000

IR

In Q u e s t i o n H . 4 0 the voltage b e t w e e n the


t o p a n d b o t t o m rails is

H.47

H.41

In Q u e s t i o n H . 4 0 the current in the


resistor is

b 3 W
c 5 W

H.40

H.42

H.39

Sample test paper

a
b
c
d

335

converted

to

13C
14F
15D
17B

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three capacitors conn e c t e d in series. T h e value of C is

a
b
c
d

20
30
60
80

Cl

II
3 0 0 uF

2C

II
2 0 0Fu

3C

II
i 2 0Fu

Appendix H
H.48

If a 1 2 0 - capacitor is c o n n e c t e d in
parallel with C in Q u e s t i o n H . 4 7 , the value
3
of C is then

a 20

ft 2 5
U c
30
d 80
H.49

If a 1 0 0 - capacitor is c o n n e c t e d in
parallel with C in Q u e s t i o n H . 4 7 , the value
2
of C is then

a 33.33

ft 4 0
c 66.67

d 80

H.50

Sample test paper

179

If a 3 0 0 - capacitor is c o n n e c t e d in
parallel with C in Q u e s t i o n H . 4 7 , the value
x
of C is then
a 33.33
ft 6 6 . 6 7

c 80.33
d 90.67

Appendix J Sample test paper

J.l

T h e binary n u m b e r 1000110 divided b y the


binary n u m b e r 1010 gives
a 100
b 101
c 111
d 1011

J.6

W h i c h single gate could b e used to replace


the c o m b i n a t i o n s h o w n ?
a OR
b NOR
c AND
d NAND

J.2

J.3

T h e a n s w e r to Q u e s t i o n J . l in d e n a r y is
a 1
b 10
c 14
d 28

3 + j4 e x p r e s s e d in polar form is
a 3 /3(T
b 5 753.12
c 6/68.2
d 1 /45

2
J.4

(2+7l) =
Q4+J5

ft

4 + /I

c 3 +
d 3 +

74
75

X (1 - 7 ' 1 ) =

a 7 +
b 4 +
c 3 -

2 -

7I
74
7 5
72

Octal

J.8

T h e binary n u m b e r 1101.10111 converted to


octal is
a 5.5
b 15.56
c 16.56
d 16.66

J.9

In the d i a g r a m the resistance b e t w e e n A and


is
a 2.25
b 3.25
c 3.5
d 3.75

2 4 c o n v e r t e d to binary is
a 010100
b 010101
c 100101
d 100111

Rl

(3+74)

1
Q

J.7

H
J.5

2R

H
5R

3R

H
R5
R4

1
5R

A R

h
R5

Appendix J
J.10

If 6 0 V is applied to the circuit in Q u e s t i o n

J.16

J.9, the input p o w e r is

J.ll

a 100 W

ft

192 W

840 W

a 1.0 H
b 8.0 H
c 10.0 H
d 12.0 H

960 W

In Q u e s t i o n J.10 the p o w e r dissipated in R


4
is
a 600 W
b 720 W

820 W
d 880 W

In Q u e s t i o n J.10 the p o w e r dissipated in R


3
is
a 20 W

J.12

J.17

d 90 W

combinations

J.18

a 3
ft 4
c 5
d 6

L8^j4H

V2 j

L3^6H

V3 j

24V

6 As"

In Q u e s t i o n J.16 the v o l t a g e V is
X
a 2 V
ft 4 V

J.19

VI

In Q u e s t i o n J.16 the current increases at a


1
rate of

In the d i a g r a m , h o w m a n y
give a logic 1 o u t p u t ?

J.13

L1^2H

a 2 As"1
ft 4 A s " 1
c 5 As"1

ft 6 0 W
c 80 W

181

In the d i a g r a m the c o m b i n e d i n d u c t a n c e is

c
d

Sample test paper

rj

8 V
J 9 V

In Q u e s t i o n J.16 t h e v o l t a g e V is
2
2 V
ft 4 V

8 V
J 9 1V

J.14

J.20

In Q u e s t i o n J.16 the circuit current after 4 s


is
a 2 A
ft 4 A
c 6 A

8 A

J.21

T h e e n e r g y stored in L after 4 s in Q u e s t i o n
x
J.16 is

D e n a r y 4 1 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 5 is
a 120
ft 124

J.15

131
d 201

D e n a r y 4 1 e x p r e s s e d in b a s e 7 is
a 54
ft 5 6
c 57
d 60

a 32 J
ft 6 4 J

c 80 J
d 95 J

182

Appendix J

Sample test paper

J.22

In Q u e s t i o n J . l 6 the total e n e r g y stored after


4 s is
a 128 J
ft 2 0 0 J
c 384 J
d 400 J

J.29

A t w h a t frequency is the reactance of a


6 8 - p F capacitor e q u a l to 4 7 0 k i l ?
a 4980Hz
b 6324 Hz
c 7428 Hz
d 8000 Hz

J.23

G i v e n that the formula for a straight line


graph is y = mx + c, JC is
a (y + c)/m
b (y - c)/m
c yc + m
/ cm + y

J.30

In the d i a g r a m the current in R

a 0.1 A
b 0.2 A

c 0.6 A
d 0.8 A

x is

J.24

In Q u e s t i o n J . 2 3 , m is

J.25

J.26

J.27

J.28

A capacitor h a s a r e a c t a n c e of 2 0 at a
frequency of 7 5 0 H z . T h e capacitor value
is
a 8.33
ft 9.61
c 10.61
d 12.43

R
3
1R0

R5

J.31

In Q u e s t i o n
a 0.5
ft 0.6
c 0.7
J 0.9

J.32

In Q u e s t i o n J.30 the current in R

J.30 the current in R is


2
A
A
A
A

a 0.2 A
ft 0.3 A

c 3
J 4

T h e reactance of a 1 6 - capacitor at 5 0 H z
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 163.42
ft 184.61
c 198.94
d 240.62

R
2

"ipiov

Pi

R5

b y - mx
c my + JC
d my -

In Q u e s t i o n J . 2 3 , if y = 2 0 , c = 4 a n d JC = 8,
m is
a 1
ft 2

Rl

(y + C ) / J C
b (c + jc)/y
c (JC - c)ly
d (y - c)lx

In Q u e s t i o n J . 2 3 , c is
a y + mjc

J.33

c 0.6 A
d 0.8 A

In Q u e s t i o n J.30 the voltage b e t w e e n point


A a n d the positive plate of the 10-V battery
is
a +4 V
ft - 4 V

J.34

3 is

c +6 V
d -6 V

T h e v o l t a g e d r o p across R in Q u e s t i o n J.30
3
is
a 1.0 V
ft 1.5 V
c 2.5 V
d 4.5 V

Appendix J
J.35

In Q u e s t i o n J . 3 0 t h e v o l t a g e b e t w e e n p o i n t s

J.41

J.36

J.37

J.38

a 124.54

ft 4 V

ft

c 6 V

c 333.64

d 9 V

d 667.27

If 2x + 3y = 4 0 , a n d
a 2

b 3

5JC +

y = 3 5 , is

In Q u e s t i o n J . 3 6 , y is

J.42

In Q u e s t i o n J . 4 0 the c u r r e n t / is a p p r o x imately

J.43

a 150 m A

ft

165 m A

c 170 m A

d 190 m A

T h e t i m e c o n s t a n t of a 4 - c a p a c i t o r a n d a

a 10

ft

12

16

ft 4

20

c 4 s

d 0.4 s

1 0 0 - k f t resistor is

A 1 0 0 - m H i n d u c t o r h a s a r e a c t a n c e at 5 0 H z

J.44

ft

20.33

c 31.42

d 62.84

a 0.4

In t h e d i a g r a m the t i m e c o n s t a n t is

a 15.71

a 100
ft

200

\LS

c 150 m s

d 200 ms

A n i n d u c t o r h a s a r e a c t a n c e of 2 0 0 at

0,2

2 0 0 H z . T h e v a l u e of t h e i n d u c t a n c e is

rHI-

a 106 m H

ft

c 141 m H

d 159 m H
If 25 V D C is a p p l i e d to t h e circuit in
Q u e s t i o n J . 4 4 , t h e initial c u r r e n t is

In t h e d i a g r a m t h e r e a c t a n c e of the c a p a c i t o r
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y

a 240.6

ft

IMP

124 m H

J.45
J.40

166.81

of

J.39

In Q u e s t i o n J . 4 0 t h e circuit i m p e d a n c e

a 2 V

183

is

A a n d C is

Sample test paper

318.3

c 483.6

d 561.8
J.46

a 25
ft

250

c 25 m A

d 250 m A

In Q u e s t i o n J.45 the v o l t a g e across


capacitor

100R

10 yuF

CZr-

II
50
50

V
Hz

after

approximately

a 12.4 V

ft

c 15.8 V

d 19.3 V

14.1 V

one

time

constant

the
is

184
J.47

Appendix J

If 10 log x / 2 0 0 = - 2 0 , is

J.49

If 10 log 1000/jt = 2 0 , is

a 2

b 4

J.48

Sample test paper

d 10

12

d 14

4
J.50

If* -9;t

1.5

b 2.0

a 0

4.0

c 2

d 8.5

</ 3

10

If 2 0 log ;/200 = - 4 0 , is

a 8

= 0,;cis

Appendix
K.1

The denary
binary is

7
K.2

Sample test paper

number

109

converted

to

K.6

a 1001110
ft 1100101
c 1101101
d 1110000

In the d i a g r a m , t h e inductive r e a c t a n c e X L
is a p p r o x i m a t e l y
a 31.42
b 44.46
c 62.84
d 75.67

2 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
a 10001

b 110001
c 11110110
d 10000000

0 . 2H

K.4

K.7

K.5

b OIL
c 010
d 101

K.8

W h i c h single gate c o u l d b e u s e d to replace


the c o m b i n a t i o n s h o w n ?

a
b
c
d

OR
NOR
AND
NAND

CH

42.81
48.33
50.62
63.98

2.22 A

d 3.46 A

K.9

In Q u e s t i o n K . 6 the voltage
a 11.31 V
b 18.72 V
c 28.44 V
d 30.67 V

K.10

In Q u e s t i o n K.6 the voltage V is


L
44 V
ft 6 2 V
c 80V
d 98 V

O - ^

a
b
c
d

In Q u e s t i o n K . 6 the current / is
a 1.12 A
b 1.56 A

In Q u e s t i o n K.6 the circuit i m p e d a n c e


is

T h e octal n u m b e r 2 e x p r e s s e d in binary is
a 001

5 0 H

L
IL
IZR
J VR

3 giga m e a n s
T h e multiple
a 106
b 109
c 1 0 12
d 10

K.3

>
VL
C_
lOOVZ

is

186
K.ll

K.12

K.13

Appendix

Sample test paper


K.18

TT rad expressed in d e g r e e s is
a

110

a 10

150

b 11

180

d 220

d 14

a 2TT/3 rad

b 2TT/6 rad

c 5<TT/6 rad

d 4TT/3 rad

K.19

is

b 3

d 9

K.20

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three inductors con-

a 2 kHz

nected in parallel. T h e c o m b i n e d induc-

b 10 k H z

tance is

c 100 k H z

a 1.0

d 150 k H z

b 1.5

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s a parallel R-C

a 2.1 A

b 4.2 A

c 6.8 A

d 7.3 A

IR

100R

a 6.32 A

b 6.88 A

c 7.92 A

d 8.74 A

a 4.22 A

b 4.33 A

c 6.12 A

d 8.19 A

If - 4 ( y

c 2.0

d 11.0

L1>6H

L2^3H

1
\/~rc
= =

K.21

+ x) = - 6 8 ,

The

60V

rate

is

K.22

is

current

a 10 A s " 1

b 15 A s " 1

c 20 A s " 1

d 30 A s "

growth

in

LI

in

In Q u e s t i o n K . 2 0 the rate of current g r o w t h


in L 2 is

JC

of

1
Q u e s t i o n K . 2 0 is

a 10

1
As"1
As"1
As"1

b 20

c 30

d 50 A s "

In Q u e s t i o n K . 2 0 the rate of current g r o w t h


1
in L 3 is

a (68 + 4y)/4

a 20 A s " 1

b (68 - 4;y)/4

b 30 A s " 1

c (68y + 4)/4

c 40 A s " 1

d (68y - 4)/4

d 50 A s "

L3^2H

/f\ /

210V
lOOuF
r^J
60Hz

In Q u e s t i o n K . 1 4 the current / is

is

In Q u e s t i o n K . 1 4 the current I

circuit.

K.23
K.17

a 2

K.16

If 3JC = 2 1 8 7 ,

Ten cycles of a voltage w a v e f o r m o c c u r in

T h e current I

K.15

12

1 2 0 expressed in radians is

1.0 m s . T h e frequency is

K.14

In Q u e s t i o n K . 1 7 , if = 5, y is

Appendix
K.24

In Q u e s t i o n K . 2 0 the total rate of current


1
g r o w t h is

K.25

A n a m m e t e r reads 5.61 A w h e n the true


r e a d i n g is 5.5 A . T h e p e r c e n t a g e error is
a 0.5%

K.26

(3 +

In Q u e s t i o n K . 2 7 the total circuit resistance


is
a 240
b 340
c 354
d 384

K.31

In Q u e s t i o n K . 2 7 the v o l t a g e across L I is
a 12 V
ft 16 V
c 32 V
d 48 V

K.32

In Q u e s t i o n K . 2 7 the voltage across L 3 is


a 16 V
ft 3 2 V
c 48 V

b 1.0%
c 2.0%
d 2.2%

j5)
a
ft
c
d

X (2 - j) is
5 - j6
11 + jl
4 -
12 + j 2

K.33

K.27

T h e d i a g r a m s h o w s three l a m p s c o n n e c t e d
in series. T h e current / is
a 0.15 A
ft 0.25 A
c 0.55 A

LI

L2

L3

4^7*^^^

96

ft 0.25
c 1
d 4

In the n e t w o r k s h o w n ,
b e t w e e n A a n d is
a 100
ft 125

d 60 V

(1/4) is
a 0

K.34

d 0.75 A

K.29

T h e resistance of l a m p L I in Q u e s t i o n K . 2 7
is
a 10
ft 16
c 32
d 64

In Q u e s t i o n
a 100
ft 120
c 128
d 150

K . 2 7 the resistance of L 2 is

the

resistance

c 130
d 170

60R

K.28

187

K.30

As"1
As"1
As"1
As"

a 10
ft 2 0
c 50
d 60

Sample test paper

70R

25R

P H -
15R

K.35

30R

In Q u e s t i o n K . 3 4 , if a short circuit is placed


b e t w e e n C a n d D , the resistance b e t w e e n A
a n d is
a 60
ft 7 5
c 80
d 95

188

Appendix

K.36

Sample test paper

In Q u e s t i o n K . 3 4 the resistance b e t w e e n C
a n d D is

K.42

a 100
ft 105

b 580

c 678

c 125
d 185

K.43
K.37

In Q u e s t i o n K . 3 4 , if a short circuit is p l a c e d
b e t w e e n A and B , the resistance b e t w e e n C
and D is

K.38

a
b
c
d

105.65
118.75
140.25
150.55

c
d

ratio

K.40

1:16

ratio

of

d 78.8

K.45

T h e resistor in Q u e s t i o n K . 4 4 h a s an u p p e r
value of
a 88.6
b 90.2
c 92.2
d 93.4

K.46

In the n e t w o r k s h o w n ,
b e t w e e n A and is

1:16

V27 X V27 X V27 is


a 3

a 21
ft 2 8
c 30
d 60

b 6
c 9
d 27

AB
CF
AA
CB

a
b
c
d

A n 8 2 - 1 0 % resistor has a l o w e r limit


value of
a 72.2
b 72.4
c 73.8

-9
-12

A voltage output/input
e x p r e s s e d in decibels is
a +18
b +6
c -24
d -30

of

956

B i n a r y 11001111 c o n v e r t e d to h e x a d e c i m a l
is

K.44

A p o w e r output/input
e x p r e s s e d in decibels is
a +12
b +3

K.39

H e x a d e c i m a l 3 B C c o n v e r t e d to denary is
a 462

the

resistance

60R

K.41

F o r the gate c o m b i n a t i o n s h o w n ,
input gives a logic 1 o u t p u t ?
a 00
b 01
c 10
d 11

1
1

O -

'

*<

which

g
1

rl

K.47

h
40R

aiov

46R

In Q u e s t i o n K . 4 6 the current is

a 3 A
ft 8 A

c 12 A
J 15 A

Appendix
K.48

In Q u e s t i o n K . 4 6 the current I is
2
a 3 A
b 1 A
c 14 A

K.49

d 21 A

In the n e t w o r k in Q u e s t i o n K . 4 6 the input


p o w e r is

a 630 W

b 1470 W
c 2000 W
d 2100 W

K.50

Sample test paper

189

In Q u e s t i o n K . 4 6 the p o w e r c o n s u m e d by
the 4 0 R resistor is
a 129.6 W
b 138.4 W

c 182.2 W
d 206.2 W

Appendix L

Symbols, abbreviations and definitions

Multiples and submultiples

G r e e k letters u s e d as s y m b o l s

12
Letter

Upper case

Alpha
Delta
Epsilon

large i n c r e m e n t

m a g n e t i c flux
ohm

angle, t e m p e r a t u r e coefficient
of resistance

small i n c r e m e n t
permittivity
angle
wavelength

micro, permeability
circumference/diameter

resistivity
angle
angular velocity

Theta
Lambda
Mu
Pi
Rho
Phi
Omega

Lower case

Miscellaneous

Quantity

Unit

Length

2
Metre (m)
- 1
Square metre ( m )
2
Metres per second ( m s )
M e t r e s p e r s e c o n d p e r s e c o n d ( m s~ )
K i l o g r a m (kg)
N e w t o n (N)
P a s c a l (Pa)

Area
Velocity
Acceleration
Mass
Force
Pressure

tera

G
M
k

giga
mega
kilo
deci
centi

d
c
m

milli
micro
nano

pico

1 09
106
103
10 1
10" 2
"3
io-6
KT9
i o - 12
io-

Appendix L

Symbols, abbreviations and definitions

Table of quantities a n d units

Quantity

Unit

C a p a c i t a n c e (Q
C h a r g e or quantity of electricity (Q)
Current (I)

Electric field strength (E)

F a r a d (F)
C o u l o m b (C)
A m p e r e (A)
Milliampere (mA)
- 1
M i c r o a m p e r e ()
Volts p e r m e t r e ( V m )

E l e c t r o m o t i v e force (E)
E n e r g y (W)
Flux density, electric (D)
F o r c e (F)
F r e q u e n c y (f)
I m p e d a n c e (Z)
I n d u c t a n c e , self (L) /.
Inductance, m u t u a l (M)
M a g n e t i c field strength (H)
M a g n e t i c flux ( )

Volt (V)
2
J o u l e (J)
C o u l o m b s p e r square m e t r e (C m ~ )
Newton (N)
Hertz (Hz)
O h m ()
H e n r y (H)
- 1
Henry (H)
Ampere per metre ( A m )
Weber (Wb)

M a g n e t i c flux density (B)


M a g n e t o m o t i v e force (F)
Permeability of free space ( 0)
Permeability, relative ( )
Permeability, absolute ( )
Permittivity of free s p a c e ( )
0
Permittivity, relative (er)
Permittivity, absolute (e)
P o w e r (P)
R e a c t a n c e (X)
R e l u c t a n c e (R )
m
Resistance (R)
Resistivity (p)
T i m e (t)
Wavelength ()

Tesla (T)
- 1
Ampere (A)
Henry per metre ( H m )

- 2
H e n r y p e r m e t r e ( H m )2
Farad per metre (F m )

- 1
Farad per metre ( F m )
Watt ( W )
- 1
Ohm (il)
Ampere per weber ( A W b )
- 2
O h m ()
O h m per metre ( m )
S e c o n d (s)
Metre (m)

Appendix M

BS 1852 resistance code

T h e table gives e x a m p l e s s h o w i n g h o w the c o d e is


used to indicate resistance values o n circuit
diagrams

Value

B S 1852 c o d e

100
1.2 k
0.47
1 k
1.2

100R
lk2
R47
IkO
1M2

Tolerances are indicated b y letters:


F = 1 %;
= 10%;

G = 2%;
M = 20%.

Examples:
3.9 k 1 0 % = 3 k 9 K
0.47 2 % = R 4 7 G
1.2 1% = 1 M 2 F
68 k 10% = 68kK

J = 5%;

Answers to questions

Chapter 3

Chapter 1
1.1 c
1.7 b
1.13 d
1.19 b
1.25
1.31
1.37
1.43
1.49
1.55
1.61
1.67

c
b
a
c
a
b
d
c

1.73 a

1.2 a
1.8 b
1.14 c
1.20
1.26
1.32
1.38
1.44

c
c
c
d
b

1.50
1.56
1.62
1.68
1.74

b
d
a
b
c

1.3 c
1.9 b
1.15 b
1.21c
1.27 b
1.33 b
1.39 b
1.45 a
1.51c
1.57 c
1.63 d
1.69 d
1.75 b

1.4 c
1.10 d
1.16 c
1.22 b
1.28 a
1.34 d
1.40 d
1.46 d
1.52 d
1.58 b
1.64 b
1.70 b

1.5 b
1.6 b
1.11a 1 . 1 2 b
1.17 c
1.18 c
1.23 d
1.24 a
1.29 c
1.30 b
1.35 a
1.36 d
1.41b
1.42 b
1.47 d
1.48 b
1.53 c
1.54 d
1.59 d
1.60 a
1.65 a
1.66 b
1.71c
1.72 d

3.31 a
3.37 c
3.43
3.49
3.55
3.61
3.67

d
d
b
d
a

3.73 d

3.2 c
3.8 d
3.14 c
3.20 d
3.26 b
3.32 c
3.38 d
3.44 c
3.50 c
3.56 c
3.62 a
3.68 d
3.74 b

3.3 a
3.9 b
3.15 d
3.21 c
3.27 c
3.33 a
3.39 d
3.45 b
3.51c
3.57 a
3.63 a
3.69 b
3.75 d

3.4 b
3.10 c
3.16 b
3.22 d
3.28 b
3.34 d
3.40 c
3.46 d
3.52 a
3 58 b
3.64 b
3.70 a

3.5 a
3.11b
3.17 a
3.23 a
3.29 a
3.35 c
3.41 b
3.47 a
3.53 d
3.59 d
3.65 d
3.71 c

3.6 b
3.12 d
3.18 c
3.24 d
3.30 c
3.36 a
3.42 a
3.48 b
3.54 c
3.60 c
3.66 c
3.72 a

4.3 c
4.9 c
4.15 c
4.21 a
4.27 a
4.33 a
4.39 b
4.45 b
4.51b
4.57 b
4.63 b
4.69 d
4.75 a

4.4 d
4.10 c
4.16 b
4.22 d
4.28 c
4.34 b
4.40 c
4.46 d
4.52 d
4.58 c
4.64 a
4.70 b

4.5 b
4.11b
4.17 d
4.23 c
4.29 b
4.35 d
4.41 a
4.47 a
4.53 b
4.59 a
4.65 d
4.71 c

4.6 d
4.12 d
4.18 b
4.24 c
4.30 c
4.36 c
4.42 c
4.48 b
4.54 a
4.60 b
4.66 a
4.72 b

Chapter 4

Chapter 2
2.1 d
2.7 d
2.13 d

2.2 c
2.8 a
2.14 c

2.19
2.25
2.31
2.37

d
b
d
d

2.20 d
2.26 c

2.43
2.49
2.55
2.61
2.67
2.73

d
b
c
a
c
d

2.32 c
2.38
2.44
2.50
2.56
2.62
2.68
2.74

3.1 b
3.7 d
3.13 a
3.19 c
3.25 d

a
d
a
d
d
a
c

2.3 a
2.9 b
2.15 a
2.21 c
2.27 a
2.33 a
2.39 d
2.45 a
2 51c
2.57 a
2.63 d
2.69 b
2.75 d

2.4 b
2.10 a
2.16 a
2.22 b
2.28 d
2.34 b
2.40 b
2.46 d
2.52 d
2.58 d
2.64 b
2.70 d

2.5 c
2.11 d
2.17 a
2.23 d
2.29 b
2.35 c
2.41 a
2.47 b
2.53 b
2.59 d
2.65 d
2.71 d

2.6 b
2.12 b
2.18 d
2.24 a
2.30 a
2.36 c
2.42 c
2.48 c
2.54 b
2.60 b
2.66 d
2.72 a

4.1 d
4.7 b
4.13 c
4.19 b
4.25 b
4.31 a
4.37 a
4.43
4.49
4.55
4.61
4.67

c
d
d
c
b

4.73 a

4.2 a
4.8 b
4.14 a
4.20 c
4.26 c
4.32 d
4.38
4.44
4.50
4.56
4.62
4.68
4.74

d
d
c
d
b
a
c

194

Answers

Chapter 5
5.1 c
5.7 d
5.13
5.19
5.25
5.31
5.37
5.43
5.49

d
a
a
a
b
d
c

5.55 b
5.61 d
5.67 a
5.73 d

Chapter 8

5.2 d
5.8 a
5.14 b
5.20 b
5.26 d
5.32 b
5.38 d
5.44 b
5.50 d
5.56
5.62
5.68
5.74

a
a
c
c

5.3 a
5.9 c
5.15 c
5.21 d
5.27 c
5.33 c
5.39 d
5.45 b
5.51 c
5.57 b
5.63 b
5.69 a
5.75 b

5.4 c
5.10 b
5.16 a
5.22 c
5.28 d
5.34 a
5.40 a
5.46 d
5.52 b
5.58 b
5.64 d
5.70 c

5.5 c
5.11 a
5.17 b
5.23 a
5.29 b
5.35 c
5.41 b
5.47 a
5.53 a
5.59 d
5.65 c
5.71 d

5.6 b
5.12 c
5.18 c
5.24 c
5.30 b
5.36 d
5.42 a
5.48 c
5.54 d
5.60 c
5.66 d
5.72 a

Chapter 6
6.1 b
6.7 d
6.13 a
6.19 d
6.25 b
6.31
6.37
6.43
6.49
6.55

b
d
d
a
a

6.61 c
6.67 c
6.73 c

a
d
c
b
d
c

6.56 d
6.62 d
6.68 b
6.74 d

6.3 b
6.9 d
6.15 d
6.21 c
6.27 a
6.33 d
6.39 a
6.45 b
6.51 c
6.57 b
6.63 b
6.69 d
6.75 b

6.4 c
6.10 c
6.16 b
6.22 a
6.28 c
6.34 a
6.40 c
6.46 b
6.52 d
6.58 c
6.64 b
6.70 b

6.5 a
6.11c
6.17 c
6.23 c
6.29 b
6.35 b
6.41 d
6.47 c
6.53 b
6.59 a
6.65 d
6.71 d

6.6 c
6.12 d
6.18 a
6.24 b
6.30 d
6.36 a
6.42 a
6.48 d
6.54 a
6.60 a
6.66 a
6.72 a

8.19
8.25
8.31
8.37
8.43
8.49
8.55
8.61
8.67
8.73

8.20
8.26
8.32
8.38
8.44
8.50
8.56
8.62
8.68
8.74

a
b
a
d
b
a
a
d
d
a

7.2 d
7.8 a
7.14 c
7.20 d
7.26 c
7.32 a
7.38 b
7.44 d
7.50 c
7.56 c
7.62 b
7.68 b
7.74 d

9.1 d
9.7 d
9.13
9.19
9.25
9.31
9.37
9.43
9.49
9.55

c
d
b
c
a
a
c
b

9.61 b
9.67 d
9.73 d

Chapter 7
7.1 a
7.7 d
7.13 a
7.19 d
7.25 b
7.31 b
7.37 d
7.43 b
7.49 b
7.55 b
7.61 d
7.67 c
7.73 c

8.2 a
8.8 b
8.14 b
b
b
b
c
a
c
c
c
b
d

8.3 d
8.9 c
8.15 d
8.21 b
8.27 c
8.33 c
8.39 d
8.45 a
8.51b
8.57 b
8.63 b
8.69 b
8.75 b

8.4 b
8.10 d
8.16 c
8.22 d
8.28 d
8.34 b
8.40 c
8.46 d
8.52 c
8.58 c
8.64 a
8.70 a

8.5 b
8.11a
8.17 c
8.23 d
8.29 a
8.35 d
8.41 b
8.47 c
8.53 d
8.59 a
8.65 d
8.71c

8.6 a
8.12 c
8.18 d
8.24 a
8.30 d
8.36 b
8.42 d
8.48 b
8.54 d
8.60 c
8.66 a
8.72 b

9.3 b
9.9 d
9.15 a
9.21 c
9.27 d

9.4 a
9.10 c
9.16 d
9.22 d
9.28 c
9.34 d
9.40 d
9.46 b
9.52 b
9.58 c
9.64 c
9.70 b

9.5 b
9.11b
9.17 b
9.23 c
9.29 b
9.35 b
9.41 a
9.47 c
9.53 c
9.59 a
9.65 c
9.71 c

9.6 a
9.12 a
9.18 a
9.24 a
9.30 a
9.36 c
9.42 c
9.48 a
9.54 d
9.60 d
9.66 b
9.72 c

10.4 a
10.10 c
10.16 b
10.22 d
10.28 b
10.34 a
10.40 c
10.46 d
10.52 a
10.58 d
10.64 b
10.70 c

10.5 c
10.11 d
10.17 c
10.23 b
10.29 d
10.35 c
10.41 d
10.47 b
10.53 c
10.59 b
10.65 a
10.71 d

10.6 a
10.12 a
10.18 b
10.24 d
10.30 b
10.36 d
10.42 b
10.48 c
10.54 b
10.60 c
10.66 b
10.72 a

Chapter 9

6.2 d
6.8 a
6.14 c
6.20
6.26
6.32
6.38
6.44
6.50

8.1c
8.7 d
8.13 a

9.2 b
9.8 b
9.14 c
9.20 b
9.26 a
9.32 a
9.38 d
9.44 d
9.50
9.56
9.62
9.68
9.74

c
a
a
d
b

9.33
9.39
9.45
9.51
9.57

b
b
b
a
b

9.63 d
9.69 a
9.75 a

C h a p t e r 10
7.3 b
7.9 b
7.15 d
7.21 a
7.27 a
7.33 c
7.39 c
7.45 a
7.51 a
7.57 c
7.63 c
7.69 b
7.75 c

7.4 c
7.10 c
7.16 d
7.22 b
7.28 d
7.34 b
7.40 a
7.46 c
7.52 d
7.58 d
7.64 a
7.70 c

7.5 d
7.11b
7.17 b
7.23 c
7.29 b
7.35 a
7.41 b
7.47 d
7.53 b
7.59 b
7.65 a
7.71 d

7.6 c
7.12 d
7.18 c
7.24 d
7.30 c
7.36 c
7.42 c
7.48 a
7.54 d
7.60 a
7.66 a
7.72 a

10.1 d
10.7 b
10.13 b
10.19 d
10.25 b
10.31 d
10.37 a
10.43 a
10.49 a
10.55 a
10.61 a
10.67 d
10.73 c

10.2 b
10.8 d
10.14 c
10.20 a
10.26 a
10.32 b
10.38 d
10.44 c
10.50 b
10.56 b
10.62 c
10.68 a
10.74 c

10.3 c
10.9 b
10.15 d
10.21 c
10.27 c
10.33 c
10.39 b
10.45 a
10.51 d
10.57 c
10.63 d
10.69 b
10.75 b

Answers
C h a p t e r 11
11.1 a
11.7 a
11.13 b
11.19c
11.25 b
11.31 c
11.37 a
11.43
11.49
11.55
11.61
11.67

a
d
d
a
c

11.73 d

C h a p t e r 14

11 .2 b
11 .8 d
11 . 1 4 c
11 . 2 0
11 . 2 6
11 . 3 2
11 . 3 8
11 . 4 4
11 . 5 0
11 . 5 6

a
d
d
b
d
b

b
11 . 6 2 c

11 . 6 8 c
11 . 7 4 b

11.3 b
11.9 b
11.15 d
11.21 d
11.27 a
11 3 3
11.39
11.45
11.51
11.57

a
d
a
b
b

11.63 d
11.69 d
11.75 a

11 .4 d
11 . 1 0 c
11 . 1 6 a
11 . 2 2 a

11 .5 c
11 .11 a
11 . 1 7 a

11 .6 b
11 . 1 2 d
11 . 1 8 b

14.1 b
14.7 c

11 . 2 8 b
11 . 3 4 b
11 . 4 0 c

11 . 2 3
11 . 2 9
11 . 3 5
11 . 4 1

c
a
d
b

11 . 2 4
11 . 3 0
11 . 3 6
11 4 2

a
c

14.19
14.25
14.31
14.37

11 . 4 6
11 . 5 2
11 . 5 8
11 . 6 4
11 . 7 0

11 . 4 7
11 . 5 3
11 . 5 9
11 . 6 5
11 . 7 1

11 . 4 8
11 . 5 4
11 . 6 0
11 . 6 6
11 . 7 2

d
c
c

b
c
d
b
a

a
b
d
b

b
c

a
a

12.13
12.19
12 25
12.31
12.37

c
d
b
d
b

12.43 d
12.49 a
12.55 d
12.61 c
12.67 c
12.73 a

12.2 c
12.8 c
12 14 d
12.20 b
12.26 c
12.32 b
12.38 d
12.44 b
12.50 c
12.56 d
12.62 a
12.68 a
12.74 b

14.43 b
14.49 b
14.55 a
14.61 b
14.67 d

14.8 a
14.14 a
14.20 a
14.26 a
14.32 b
14.38 b
14.44 c
14.50 b
14.56 a
14.62 a
14.68 c
14.74 c

14 3 c
14.9 d
14.15 d
14.21 c
14.27 d
14.33 c
14.39 c
14.45 a
14.51a
14.57 d
14.63 d
14.69 a
14.75 b

14.4 b
14.10 a
14.16 c
14.22 b
14.28 d
14.34 a
14.40 c
14.46 b
14.52 d
14.58 b
14.64 c
14.70 c

14.5 a
14.11c
14.17 c
14.23 c
14.29 c
14.35 c
14.41 d
14.47 d
14.53 b
14.59 b
14.65 c
14.71b

14.6 c
14.12 b
14.18 d
14.24 b
14.30 b
14.36 d
14.42 a
14.48 c
14.54 c
14.60 d
14.66 b
14.72 d

12.3 d
12.9 a
12.15 b
12.21 a
12.27 d
12.33 c
12.39 b
12.45 c
12.51a
12.57 a
12.63 b
11.69 a
12.75 c

12.4 d
12.10 c
12.16 a
12.22 c
12.28 b
12.34 a
12.40 a
12.46 d
12.52 d
12.58 c
12.64 c
12.70 d

11.5 b
12.11b
12.17 c
12.23 d
12.29 a
12.35 b
12.41 c
12.47 a
12.53 b
12.59 b
12.65 d
12.71 b

12.6 d
12.12 d
12.18 a
12.24 b
12.30 c
12.36 b
12.42 c
12.48 a
12.54 c
12.60 d
12.66 b
12.72 c

15.1 c
15.7 a
15.13 a
15.19 c
15.25 b
15.31 d
15.37 b
15.43 a
15.49 a
15.55 a
15.61 a
15.67 c
15.73 c

15.2 b
15.8 b
15 14 d

15.3 a
15.9 b
15.15 b
15.21 a
15.27 c
15.33 b
15.39 a
15.45 c
15.51b
15.57 d
15.63 a
15.69 b
15.75 d

15.4 d
15.10 d
14.16 b
15.22 b
15,28 a
15.34 a
15.40 c
14.46 d
15.52 b
15.58 a
15.64 c
15.70 c

15.5 c
15.11c
15.17 d
15.23 d
15.29 d
15.35 c
15.41 d
15.47 b
15.53 d
15.59 c
15.65 d
15.71 d

15.6 c
15 12 c
15.18 b
15.24 a
15.30 b
15.36 b
15.42 b
15.48 c
15.54 c
15.60 b
15.66 a
15.72 d

15.20 d
15.26 a
15 3 2 c
15.38 d
15.44 b
15.50 c
15.56 c
15.62 b
15.68 a
15.74 a

16.3 d
16.9 b
16.15 a
16.21 a
16.27 b
16.33 b
16.39 c
16.45 a
16.51c
16.57 c
16.63 b
16.69 c
16.75 a

16.4 b
16.10 d
16.16 d
16.22 b
16.28 c
16.34 b
16.40 b
16.46 c
16.52 b
16.58 b
16.64 d
16.70 b

16.5 c
16.11a
16.17 b
16.23 d
16.29 d
16.35 d
16.41 d
16.47 b
16.53 a
16.59 c
16.65 b
16.71 d

16.6 d
16.12 c
16.18 a
16.24 a
16.30 a
16.36 a
16.42 c
16.48 a
16.54 c
16.60 a
16.66 c
16.72 b

C h a p t e r 16

13.2 c
13,8 c
13 14 d
13.20 a
13.26 b
13.32 b
13.38
13.44
13.50
13.56
13.62
13.68
13.74

c
d
a
b

14.2 d

C h a p t e r 15

C h a p t e r 13
13.1 d
13.7 a
13.13 c
13.19 c
13.25 d
13.31 d
13.37 d
13.43 b
13.49 c
13.55 c
13.61 b
13.67 c
13.73 b

14.13 c

14.73 a

C h a p t e r 12
12.1 a
12.7 a

195

b
c
d
a
c
d
c

13.3 a
13.9 c
13 15 b
13.21 d
13.27 b
13.33 d
13.39 a
13.45 d
13.51a
13.57 b
13.63 b
13.69 d
13.75 a

13.4 c
13.10 a
13 16 a
13.22 b
13.28 c
13.34 b
13.40 a
13.46 c
13.52 c
13.58 b
13.64 a
13.70 a

13.5 b
13.11 c
13.17 b
13.23 d
13.29 d
13.35 a
13.41 c
13.47 b
13.53 b
13.59 d
13.65 c
13.71 c

13.6 d
13.12 a
13.18 b
13.24 d
13.30 c
13.36 b
13.42 d
13.48 d
13.54 b
13.60 a
13.66 b
13.72 d

16.1 c
16.7 c
16.13
16.19
16.25
16.31
16.37
16.43
16.49
16.55
16.61
16.67
16.73

c
c
c
c
d
b
c
c
b
d
a

16.2 a
16.8 a
16.14 b
16.20 b
16.26 d
16.32 d
16.38 b
16.44 d
16.50 d
16.56 d
16.62 d
16.68 a
16.74 d

196

Answers

C h a p t e r 17
17.1 d
17.7 c
17.13
17.19
17.25
17.31
17.37

c
a
b
a
b

17.43 c
17.49 c
17.55 a
17.61 c
17.67 d
17.73 d

C h a p t e r 19

17.2 c
17 8 b
17.14 a
17.20 d
17.26 d
17.32 b
17.38 a
17.44 d
17.50 a
17.56 c
17.62 a
17.68 a
17.74 b

17.3 a
17.9 b
17.15 c
17.21 a
17.27 a
17.33 a
17.39 d
17.45 b
17.51b
17.57 b
17.63 a
17.69 b
17.75a

17.4 a
17.10 a
17.16 a
17.22 b
17.28 c
17.34 d
17.40 a
17.46 b
17.52 c
17.58 b
17.64 c
17.70 c

17.5 b
17.11 d
17.17 d
17.23 a
17.29 b
17.35 c
17.41 a
17.47 a
17.53 d
17.59 c
17.65 c
17.71 d

17.6 d
17.12 c
17.18 c
17.24 c
17.30 b
17.36 b
17.42 c
17.48 d
17.54 a
17.60 d
17.66 b
17.72 c

18.13
18.19
18.25
18.31
18.37

b
d
b
c
b

18.43 b
18.49
18.55
18.61
18.67

a
a
d
d

18.73 a

19.19 c
19.25 a

19.20 a
19.26 b

19.31 c
19.37 c

19.32
19.38
19.44
19.50
19.56

19.43 c
19.49 c
19.55 b
19.61 a
19.67 c

d
a
c
d
d

19.62 d
19.68 a
19.74 b

19.3 b
19.9 a
19.15 d
19.21 b
19.27 a
19.33 b
19.39 d
19.45 a
19.51b
19.57 c
19.63 c
19.69 b
19.75 d

19.4 d
19.10 c
19.16 a
19.22 d
19.28 d
19.34 b
19.40 b
19.46 d
19.52 a
19.58 b
19.64 a
19.70 c

19.5 b
19.11c
19.17 c
19.23 c
19.29 b
19.35 a
19.41 d
19.47 b
19.53 c
19.59 d
19.65 d
19.71b

19.6 c
19.12 d
19.18 d
19.24 b
19.30 b
19.36 b
19.42 a
19.48 d
19.54 a
19.60 b
19.66 c
19.72 d

20.3 b
20.9 b
20.15 b
20.21 c
20.27 a
20.33 d
20.39 b
20.45 a
20.51b
20.57 a
20.63 a
20.69 c
20.75 b

20.4 c
20.10 a
20.16 d
20.22 d
20.28 b
20.34 a
20.40 a
20.46 d
20.52 b
20.58 c
20.64 b
20.70 a

20.5 a
20.11c
20.17 a
20.23 a
20.29 d
20.35 a
20.41 c
20.47 b
20.53 c
20.59 b
20.65 d
20.71 b

20.6 c
20.12 c
20.18 c
20.24 c
20.30 c
20.36 b
20.42 b
20.48 d
20.54 a
20.60 d
20.66 a
20.72 a

Chapter 20

18.2 d
18.8 c
18.14 c
18.20 c
18.26
18.32
18.38
18.44

19.13 d

19.2 b
19.8 d
19.14 c

19.73 a

C h a p t e r 18
18.1 c
18.7 b

19.1 d
19.7 b

a
c
c
a

18.50 c
18.56 d
18.62 b
18.68 b
18.74 b

18.3 a
18.9 a
18.15 a
18.21b
18.27 b
18.33 a
18.39 d
18.45 b
18.51a
18.57 c
18.63 c
18.69 c
18.75 d

18.4 d
18.10 c
18.16 c
18.22 a
18.28 b
18.34 d
18.40 b
18.46 d
18.52 b
18.58 a
18.64 c
18.70 c

18.5 d
19.11b
18.17 b
18.23 c
18.29 d
18.35 c
18.41c
18.47 b
18.53 b
18.59 c
18.65 a
18.71b

18.6 b
18.12 d
18.18 a
18.24 d
18.30 a
18.36 c
18.42 d
18.48 c
18.54 c
18.60 b
18.66 d
18.72 d

20.1 a
20.7 d
20.13 d
20.19 c
20.25 b
20.31 b
20.37 d
20.43 d
20.49
20.55
20.61
20.67

c
d
b
c

20.73 d

20.2 d
20.8 b
20.14 a
20.20
20.26
20.32
20.38
20.44

a
d
c
c
c

20.50 a
20.56 d
20.62 b
20.68 d
20.74 d

Answers
Appendix A

197

Appendix

A.l c
A.7c
A.13b

A . 2 d A . 3 b A.4 d
A . 8 c A . 9 a A.10 b
A.14c
A.15c
A.16 c

A.5 b
A.ll c
A.17 c

A.6 d
A.12 b
A.18 a

E.l d
E.7 a
E.13 c

E.2 c
E.8 d
E.14 d

E.3 d
E.9 d
E.15 d

E.4 d
E.IO b
E.16 a

E.5 b
E.ll b
E.17 b

E.6 c
E.12 a
E.18 d

A. 19 b
A.25c
A.31 b
A.37 b

A.20d
A.26d
A.32a
A.38 c

A.21
A.27
A.33
A.39

A.23
A.29
A.35
A.41

A.24
A.30
A.36
A.42

E.l9
E.25
E.31
E.37

E.20
E.26
E.32
E.38

E.21
E.27
E.33
E.39

E.22
E.28
E.34
E.40

E.23
E.29
E.35
E.41

E.24
E.30
E.36
E.42

A.43 c
A.49c

A.44 d
A.50d

A.45 a

c
d
c
c

A.22
A.28
A.34
A.40

a
c
b
a

A.46 b

d
c
b
b

A.47 b

d
c
c
c

A.48 d

Appendix

b
c
b
a

E.43 a
E.49 b

d
b
c
b

E.44 c
E.50 c

d
c
d
c

E.45 b

b
a
d
d

E.46 c

d
c
c
b

E.47 a

b
c
b
d

E.48 a

Appendix F

B.l a

B . 2 a B.3 d

B.5 a

B.6 d

F.l c

F.2 c

F.3 b

F.4 d

F.5 a

F.6 a

B.7c
B.13c
B.19c

B . 8 c B . 9 c B.IO d
B.14d
B.15c
B.16 b
B.20b
B.21 a
B.22 c

B.ll a
B.17 a
B.23 b

B.12 b
B.18 d
B.24 d

F.7 b
F.13 c
F.19 d

F.8 a
F14 b
F.20 c

F.9 c
F.15 d
F.21 b

F.IO b
F.16 b
F.22 a

F l i c
F.17 c
F.23 b

F.12 d
F.18 b
F.24 b

B.25a
B.31 d
B.37 c
B.43a
B.49b

B.26a
B.32c
B.38 b
B.44d
B.50a

B.29
B.35
B.41
B.47

B.30
B.36
B.42
B.48

F.25
F.31
F.37
F.43
F.49

F.26
F.32
F.38
F.44
F.50

F.27
F.33
F.39
F.45

F.28
F.34
F.40
F46

F.29
F.35
F.41
F.47

F.30
F.36
F42
F.48

B.27
B.33
B.39
B.45

c
a
a
b

B.4 b

B.28
B.34
B.40
B.46

d
d
b
c

c
c
d
c

b
b
c
b

Appendix C
Cl d
C.7c

d
c
b
c
b

c
a
a
d
d

b
a
b
c

d
c
a
b

a
d
c
c

d
b
d
d

Appendix G

C . 2 d C . 3 c C . 4 d C.5 b
C . 8 b C . 9 c C.lOa
C.ll c

C.6 c
C.12 b

G.l d
G.7 c

G.2 a
G.8 a

G.3 b
G.9 c

G.4 b
G.IO b

G.5 a
G.ll c

G.6 c
G.12 b

C.13d

C.14c

C.15d

C.16b

C.17 a

C.18 d

G.13 b

G.14c

G.15 d

G.16 a

G.17 c

G.18 d

C.19b
C.25 d
C.31 b
C.37b
C.43a
C.49a

C.20d
C.26 b
C.32c
C.38a
C.44d
C.50b

C.21 b
C.27 c
C.33d
C.39 d
C.45 c

C.22
C.28
C.34
C.40
C.46

C.23
C.29
C.35
C.41
C.47

C.24
C.30
C.36
C.42
C.48

G.19
G.25
G.31
G.37
G.43
G.49

G.20
G.26
G.32
G.38
G.44
G.50

G.21
G.27
G.33
G.39
G.45

G.22
G.28
G.34
G.40
G.46

G.23
G.29
G.35
G.41
G.47

G.24
G.30
G.36
G.42
G.48

c
b
b
c
c

b
c
c
d
b

a
d
a
c
c

Appendix D
D.l b
D.7d
D.13c
D.19c
D.25 d
D.31 a
D.37 c
D.43 b
D.49a

D . 2 b D . 3 b D.4 c
D . 8 a D.9 a
D.IO c
D.14a
D.15 d
D.16 a
D.20a
D.21 d
D.22 b
D.26 b
D.27 b
D.28 c
D.32c
D.33 a
D.34 d
D.38 d
D.39 a
D.40 d
D.44 d
D.45 b
D.46 c
D.50a

b
c
c
b
c
b

d
a
c
d
b
c

a
c
d
b
c

b
a
b
c
c

c
b
d
d
d

d
d
c
a
d

Appendix H
D.5 d
D.ll d
D.17 b
D.23 c
D.29 b
D.35 b
D.41 a
D.47 b

D.6 b
D.12 a
D.18 b
D.24 c
D.30 b
D.36 c
D.42 b
D.48 d

H.l b
H.7 c
H.13 d
H.19 a
H.25 d
H.31 b
H.37 d
H.43 b
H.49 c

H.2 a
H.8 a
H.14 a
H.20 a
H.26 b
H.32 a
H.38 b
H.44 c
H.50 b

H.3 a
H.9 d
H.15 b
H.21 d
H.27 b
H.33 c
H.39 d
H.45 d

H.4 b
H.10 b
H.16 b
H.22 c
H.28 a
H.34 d
H.40 c
H.46 b

H.5 d
H.ll c
H.17 d
H.23 a
H.29 a
H.35 a
H.41 b
H.47 c

H.6 b
H.12 c
H.18 d
H.24 c
H.30 c
H.36 c
H.42 a
H.48 d

198

Answers
Appendix

Appendix J
J.l c
J.7a
J.13 a
J.19c
J.25 b
J.31 b
J.37 a
J.43 d
J.49 b

J.2 a
J.8 b
J.14c
J.20d
J.26b
J.32 a
J.38c
J.44d
J.50d

J.3 b
J.9d

J.4c
J.lOd

J.15 b
J.21 b
J.27 c

J.16 d
J.22c

J.33 b
J.39d

J.28 c
J.34a
J.40b

J.45 a

J.46c

J.5 a
J.l 1 b

J.6b
J.12 c

K.1 c
K.7 d
K.13 b
K.19 d

J.17 a

J.18 b

J.23 b
J.29a

J.24d
J.30d

J.35 c
J.41 c

J.36d
J.42 a

J.47 a

J.48 b

K.25 c
K.31 b
K.37 b
K.43 b
K.49d

K.4c
K.lOd

K.5 b
K.ll c

K.16d
K.22b

K.17 b

K.18 c

K.23 b
K.29 c

K.24d
K.30d
K.36c
K.42 d
K.48 b

K.2d
K.8 b
K.14 a

K.3 c
K.9 b
K.15 c

K.20 a
K.26b

K.21 a
K.27 b

K.32c
K.38 d
K.44c
K.50a

K.33 c
K.39c

K.28 d
K.34 a
K.40d

K.45 b

K.46 a

K.35 d
K.41 b
K.47 a

K.6c
K.12 a