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ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING

OIL & GAS

www.smartbrains.in

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


OIL & GAS

ABOUT SMARTBRAINS
SmartBrains is the global market leader in providing high-level training services to the energy sector (Oil and
Gas, Petrochemical, Refinery, LNG, Power Plants, Fiscal, Contracts, Strategy & Finance and Leadership &
Management). Operating nation wise over the last 8 years, our courses are widely acknowledged within the
energy community for quality and up-to-date information. Our success and distinguished reputation is down
to our commitment to the industry, a high-level of expertise, sector knowledge, cultural diversity and
experience that comes from organising many courses.
SmartBrains Institute provides premium training courses for energy industry executives and fresh engineering
graduates. Programs are designed by experienced high level Engineers/Managers and professionals as an
option to broaden their skill sets to include management tools and techniques that are applicable to various
profiles in renewable energy industries. Our success and distinguished reputation is thanks to our
commitment to provide first-class programmes to our clients. Combining leading professionals from across
the industry as lecturers and an interactive, practical format, the lessons learnt in a SmartBrains for energy
course are directly transferable back to the workplace.

WHY SMARTBRAINS
SmartBrains is the ultimate choice for all the working and
non working engineers in energy sector training
requirements. Our extensive portfolios of training courses
are:
P 100% focused on Oil & Gas industry.
P Guided by industry renowned professionals with
unprecedented knowledge of Oil & Gas industry
P High interactive program with practical and relevant
case studies.
P Training by extensively researched self developed
cutting edge techniques.
P Skill development techniques with comprehensive set of
documentation, practical skills and tools used in the
industry
P Per fect oppor tunity to develop network and
experiences with knowledge sharing.
P Internationally acclaimed engineering qualification.
P Designed for both fresh engineers and working
professionals to attain growth in process plant industry
P One of the finest international faculties.
P Interactive, interesting and motivational training
sessions.
P Access to enormous reference books and research
materials. sessions.

OUR STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES


To be recognized by industry and employers as
a highly reputable training organization.
Provide dynamic leadership, sound
management and excellence in training.
Continue to improve our services through
quality management processes. Invest in and
value our people through professional
development activities, Grow our business
through innovation and to continue to be
financially secure. Be influential in the
economic development of the industries we
serve nation wise.

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


OIL & GAS

ACCREDITATION & AFFILIATION


Smartbrains Engineers And Technologist Pvt Ltd. has received recognition, endorsement and affiliation
from National Skill Development Corporation of India (NSDC) and various Skill Sector Councils as an
authorized training provider under various trades. SmartBrains provide skill based training for
engineering/non-engineering candidates as per their interest. As a training institute we will provide
complete practical knowledge based skill training, recognition & certification from NSDC & Sector
Skill Councils. Students who successfully complete their certification from SmartBrains may be able to
apply for recognition of their qualification within the local education system. Trainees will be awarded
by a National level certification approved & provided by National Skill Development Corporation of
India (A PPP promoted by Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Govt. of India) which is
broadly accepted & recognized across the globe.

WHAT YOU WILL GAIN

PURPOSE

u Introduction To Plant Engineering

Our extensive portfolios of training courses

u Electrical equipments technology &

are:
P 100% focused on Electrical design

protections.
u Electrical drawing and documentation.
u Cable selection, sizing, standards &

accessories.
u Illumination design.
u Power system protection.
u Earthing and lightning/surge protection.
u Testing, troubleshooting and maintenance of

electrical equipments.
u System studies and calculations.

engineering Oil & gas


P Guided by industry renowned professionals
with unprecedented knowledge of process
plant industry.
P High interactive program with practical and
relevant case studies.
P Training by extensively researched self
developed cutting edge techniques.
P Perfect opportunity to develop network and
experiences with knowledge sharing.
P Designed for both fresh engineers and
working professionals to attain growth in
process plant industry
P Interactive, interesting and motivational
training sessions.
P Access to enormous reference books and
research materials. sessions.

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


OIL & GAS

INTRODUCTION TO PLANT ENGINEERING


Plant Engineering And Site Selection
Plant engineering function.
Principles of organization.
Organization structures.
Organizational prerequisites.
Role of Plant Engineer.
Concept of EPC Projects.
Overview of codes & Standards IEC/ANSI/IEE.
Consideration aspects in site selection.
Environmental & design considerations.
On Site Distribution of Electricity
Determining the site requirements.
Tariff structures and billing calculations.
Various areas of electricity consumption.
Characteristics of plant areas including electricity
supply parameters.
Generation of stand-by supply.
Distribution of power to areas of control and
consumption.
Instrumentation techniques and general practice.
Conductors, Insulators and Electromagnetism
Conductors and insulators (Conductors,
Semiconductors, Superconductors, Electrical
insulators etc).
Electromagnetism (Electromagnets, Electromagnetic
strength, Electromagnetic induction, Magnetic
quantity characteristics).
Fundamentals of power systems and electric
power generation
Concepts behind electric power generation,
transmission, distribution and utilization:
P Historical overview.
P Electricity production and use.
P Generation: non-renewable and renewable
sources.
P AC and DC systems: comparison in respect of

generation, transmission and distribution.


P Relationship between frequency ad poles in a
generator.
Electric power and energy:
P Electric power and energy.
P Active and reactive power.
P Power triangle.
Fundamentals of electrical networks:
P Transmission and distribution.
P Electrical networks.
Electrical Equipment for Power Transmission
and Distribution and Related Issues
Electrical equipment used in transmission, distribution
and utilization:
P transformers.
P isolators.
P fuses.
P Circuit Breakers.
Electrical utilization, basics of power quality and
electrical safety:
P AC and DC electrical rotating machines.
P Power electronics applications.
P Power quality problems.
P Protection of electrical systems.
P Electrical safety, legislation and compliance.
Common Distribution System Alternatives
Characteristics of typical industrial distribution
systems.
Equipment used in distribution systems.
Electrical safety and power security issues.
Voltage classifications.
Distribution types.
The use of transformers.
Planning of Power Distribution Systems
Planning of industrial power distribution networks
including embedded generation.
Distribution system alternatives.

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


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Fault Levels in Electrical Systems and their role
in the choice of Equipment
Electrical faults.
Asymmetrical fault behavior.
Equivalent impedance diagram of a power system.
In-Plant Generation Requirements and
Alternatives
Distribution equipment.
Conductor size vs short circuit current.
What is an EPC contract
How does the risk allocation on an EPC contract
compare to other construction contracts.
To what extent does an EPC contract guarantee the
project essentials: a fixed price, time and quality.
Why would you choose an EPC contract as opposed
to other forms of contract.
Will the use of an EPC contract mean that the works
cost more.
The bank ability of an EPC contract.
The EPC contract within the overall structure of a
project: The various entities and the other project
documents.
Split EPCs: Onshore/ Offshore.
Different models for contract risk allocation.
Contract jargon: Lump sum, turn-key, EPCM, EPCC.
cost-plus, reimbursable.
Estimation of Plant Electrical Load
Preparation of load schedule.
Determination of power supply capacity.
Standby capacity consideration.
Rating of generators in relation to prime movers Importance of max and min temp.
Rating of motors in relation to their driven machines.
Maintenance and Asset Management in
Distribution Systems
Power distribution system automation.
Condition based maintenance vs reliability centered
maintenance.
Diagnostic techniques.
Problems found during maintenance.
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS TECHNOLOGY &
PROTECTIONS
AC Power, DC Power, and Power Generation
Alternating and direct current fundamentals.
AC vs DC transmission.
Common applications.
Relative merits and demerits.

Fundamentals of power generation.


Methods employed for power generation - a
comparative study.
Rotating and static components.
Static and dynamic vibration detection techniques
including remedial guidelines.
Electrical Machines, Motor Controls, Protection,
Testing and failure analysis
Principle of operation, torque calculation.
Types of AC/DC machines.
Fault and fault finding.
Components of 3-Phase induction machines.
Limitations of single-phase AC motors, special types of
electrical machines.
New technologies and development.
Motor control methods.
Protection methods for motors.
Performance testing for motors.
Common causes of motor failure, effects of excessive
loading.
Motor and bearing failure analysis.
Maintenance requirements to prevent failure.
Electrical Power, Electric Motors, and Prime
Movers
Single-phase vs three-phase Electric Power and their
applications.
Operating principles of single-phase and three-phase
AC motors.
Induction vs synchronous motors.
Maintenance requirements.
Check lists and specification tools for effective
maintenance.
Efficiency calculations.
Comparative study of IC engines, gas/steam turbines,
hydraulic/air motors, electric motors.
Selection criteria and applications.
Maintenance requirements.
Checklists and specification tools for effective
maintenance.
Efficiency calculations.
Variable Speed Drives
Drive components.
Operating parameters.
Energy conversion in electric drives.
Constant speed vs Variable speed.
5 application range of variable speed drives.
Maintenance of VSD's.
Efficiency Calculations.

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


OIL & GAS
Power Transmission and Distribution Systems
Technology of power transmission industrial systems.
Components.
Substation equipment including earthing and touch
potentials.
Primary feeders and network systems.
Distribution transformers.
Secondary systems.
Distribution capacity.
Design and operation of distribution systems.
Power factor equipment.
Capacity improvement.
Harmonic influences.

Limitations of single-phase AC motors, special types of


electrical machines.
New technologies and developments.

Theory, Types, Construction and Characteristics


of Power Transformers
Fundamentals of power transformers.
Power transformer construction.
Power transformer types.
Methods of transformer protection.

Electrical Protection and Earthing


Protective equipment used in power systems.
Operation of fuses, circuit breakers, protective relays
and insulators.
Earth leakage protection.
Motor protection devices.
Switching equipment for electrical systems.
Maintenance systems.
In-service testing.
Primary and secondary current injection methods.
OEM parameters to compare with the test results.
Purpose and importance of earthing.
Earthing systems, component selection for functional
earthing.

Installation, Maintenance and Testing of Power


Transformers
Power transformer installation.
Power transformer oil quality.
Electrical tests and preventive measures.
Medium Voltage and Low Voltage Switchgear
MV and LV switchgear specifications.
MV and LV switchgear applications.
MV and LV switchgear construction.
Metering, protection and control of MV and LV
switchgear.
Medium Voltage and Low Voltage Circuit
Breakers, Batteries for Substations
Circuit breaker basics.
Circuit breaker specifications and ratings.
MV and LV circuit breaker construction.
Basics of batteries, battery types.
Charging and discharging of batteries.
Selection and sizing of batteries.
Battery installation, maintenance, failure and disposal.
Principles of Electrical Machines & their
applications
Principles of operation.
Torque calculations (Torque vs speed, AC vs DC
machines).
Types of AC and DC machines and their
applications.
Faults and fault-finding.
Components of 3-phase induction machines.

Motor Control, Protection, Testing and failure


analysis
Motor control methods .
Protection methods for motors.
Performance testing of motors.
Common causes of motor failure.
Effects of excessive loading.
Motor and bearing failure analysis.
Maintenance requirements to prevent failure.

Protection against Explosions and Lightning


Hazardous area identification.
Area classification.
Calculation of the zone extent.
Minimum energy transfer (intrinsic safety concepts).
Explosion prevention techniques.
Mechanical glands and types of cable approved for
the area.
Introduction to the various codes of practice in force
across the world.
The ATEX requirements.
Earthing requirements and Standards.
Lightning protection risks.
Risk assessments as per IEC 62305-2.
Need for lighting protection.
How a lightning protection system works (Physical
installation, Design of the system).
Troubleshooting Electrical System Faults
Identification of various types of electrical systems.
Selection of fault-finding technique.
Typical electrical system faults.
Diagnosing failures.

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


OIL & GAS
ELECTRICAL DRAWING AND DOCUMENTATION
Drawing Types, Attributes and Symbols
Fundamentals of electrical and electronic engineering
drawings:
P Drawing standards.
P 2 and 3-dimensional representation.
P Components of an engineering drawing.
P Drawing sizes.
P Scales and sheet sizes.
Symbols:
P Electro technology Symbols.
Engineering Drawings
Single-line and 3-line diagrams.
Control schematics.
Logic gates and logic diagrams.
Cabling and wiring drawings.
Lighting layout design.
Cable routing layout.
Earthing layout design.
Lightning layout design.
Layout drawings for different applications.
Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Drawing
Management
CAD:
P 2D and 3D CAD applications.
P GIS related applications: linking imagery with
drawings.
Drawing management:
P Revision control and drawing ownership.
P Drawing process flow.
P Redlining in CAD drawings.
CAD drawing features:
P Symbols, attributes and symbol libraries.
P Automated BOM generation from a CAD drawing.
P Concept of layers and their use in sharing
information.
P Automation of drawing through programming.
Management of drawings.
CABLE SELECTION, SIZING, STANDARDS &
ACCESSORIES
Power Cable Types and Classications
Types of cable.
Cable types for given applications.
Cable sizing.
Sheath bonding for MV and HV cables.
Jointing and Termination
Requirements for outdoor terminations.
Mechanical protection for joints and terminations.

Jointing and terminating procedures.


Testing of cables after jointing/termination.
Cable Selection and Sizing
Cable selection.
Cable sizing for Low voltage system.
Cable sizing for High voltage system.
Voltage drop consideration.
Let through energy consideration.
Earth fault loop impedance consideration.
Cable schedule.
Cable interconnection schedule.
Selection and sizing of cable tray.
Cable tray schedule.
Cable drum schedule.
Conduit selection.
Conduit Sizing.
Cable Routing
Cable routing Layout.
Cable Tagging.
Installation details.
Installation Methods, Types of Cable Faults and
Locating Faults
Storage, handling and unreeling.
Installation methods of cables and impact on ratings.
Cable laying on structures, ducts and directly in soil.
Cable failures and fault location (Loop method, faultburning, signal injection and use of TDR equipment).
Power and control cable Introduction.
ILLUMINATION DESIGN
Electrical Illumination Design
Introduction.
Type of lighting fixtures.
Selection of lighting fixtures.
Preparation of fixture schedule.
Indoor illumination calculation.
Outdoor illumination calculation.
Calculation on software.
Lighting layout design.
Lighting installation detail.
Small power selection.
Lighting board schedule.
Electrical Lightning and Illumination
Incandescent lamps, high intensity discharge lamps,
mercury vapor, metal halide lamps, fluorescent lamps,
compact fluorescent lamps, LEDs.
Luminaire concepts.
Energy efficiency.

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


OIL & GAS
Electrical Heating in Industry
Principles of heating.
Electrical heating, resistance heating .
Welding, electric arc furnaces.
Induction heating .
POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION
Need For Protection and Basic Protection
Approach
Need for protection.
Characteristics of protection.
Components of protection systems.
Faults in systems and its impact on protection.
Relevance of earthing to protection.
Protection in Industrial Distribution Systems
Fuse-the basic protective device.
Protection based on releases.
Tripping power sources, trip failure alarm.
Typical protection approach in industrial distribution
systems.
Protection application in special cases such as mining
systems.
Instrument Transformers and its application to
Protection
Role of instrument transformers in protection.
Voltage transformers.
Current transformers.
Selection and application of instrument transformers
for electrical protection.
Protective Relays and Relay Coordination and
Unit Protection
Relays used in protection and basic types.
Importance of current relays in protection.
DMT and IDMT characteristics.
Static relays and IED.
Protection coordination.
Unit protection, basic principles.
Protection of Transformers and MV Switchgear
Transformer protections-different approaches.
Protection based on current relays (DMT and IDMT).
Differential protection of transformers.
REF and standby earth fault protection.
Switchgear (bus bar) protection methods.
Protection of Motors, Generators and Protection
Management
Faults in motors.
Protection of motors against internal faults.
Protection against load-related problems.

Generator-protection for stator faults and special


protections.
Protection management.
EARTHING AND LIGHTNING/SURGE
PROTECTION
Electrical Earthing and applicable Standards
Power supply system earthing methods.
Comparative merits and applications.
Effects of electric shock.
Role of protective earthing in safety against electric
shock.
Earth Electrodes
Earth electrodes and their role.
Influence of soil resistivity on earth resistance.
Measurement of soil resistivity and earth resistance.
Earth electrode system maintenance.
Static Electricity
Static electricity basic definitions.
Problems caused by static electricity in industrial
operations.
Mitigation of adverse effects by static electricity.
Earthing of Substations, Switch yards and
applicable Standards
Substation earthing-basic principles.
Earth grid design approach.
Steps for obtaining an effective earthing system.
Lightning Effects and Protection
Lightning physics and statistical distribution.
Lightning risk assessment.
Lightning protection of structures, electrical lines and
substations.
Lightning protection of marine electrical.
Systems and other special structures.
Surge Protection
Surges: Types and methods of coupling.
Protection of electrical components against surges.
Surge protection zones and protection grading.
Electrical Noise and Mitigation
Types of noise and coupling
Problems caused by noise in sensitive electronic
circuits.
Control of noise at source, avoiding earth loops
Mitigation by shielding/screening.
Proper earthing and role of ZSRG, SGTP in noise
reduction.

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING


OIL & GAS
System Studies and Calculations
Short circuit analysis (Fault calculations and stability
studies).
Load flow analysis.
Motor starting study.
Harmonics study.
Relay coordination study.
TESTING, TROUBLESHOOTING AND
MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS
Fundamentals of Testing
Various types of tests.
Role of insulation in electrical equipment.
Insulation resistance measurement and interpretation.
Various Methods of Testing
High potential tests.
Oil testing.
TAN delta testing.
Partial Discharge (PD) Testing.
Impulse testing.
Measuring of low resistances as part of testing.
Testing of Electrical Equipment
Transformer testing.
Cable testing during operation and fault detection.
Testing of alternators during maintenance.
Testing of other HV equipment including protection
tests, CT/VT testing.
Organizational aspects of Testing
Testing for troubleshooting.
Testing as an essential maintenance of electrical
equipment.
Test equipment for comprehensive testing
Documentation of testing.
Setting up a testing group in a large organization.
Maintenance Objectives and Principles
Effective management of maintenance operations and
resources.
Measures for achieving maintenance objectives.
Key maintenance principles.
Primary role of maintenance.
Benefits associated with best maintenance practices.
Asset Management
Identifying, classifying and prioritizing assets.
Location and types.
Maintenance strategies for various categories of
assets.
Managing assets by criticality.

Maintenance Planning and Scheduling


Planning needs and objectives.
Planning for resources.
Maintenance budgeting.
Implementing the maintenance plan.
Maintenance inventory.
Reasons for planning failures.
Benefits of planning.
Scheduling considerations and requirements.
Proper scheduling of resources and materials.
Priority system and equipment criticality.
Maintenance schedules.
Managing maintenance backlogs.
Maintenance Practice-Strategies, Tools and
Techniques
Types of outages.
Maintenance plans, tools and techniques.
Standard maintenance practices.
Choosing the right maintenance strategy.
Performance measurement.
Evaluating maintenance effectiveness.
Reporting and use of key performance indicators.
Introduction to RCM (reliability centered maintenance)
Plant registration.
Function and failure.
Preventive action.
Organizing and controlling proposed tasks.
Implementation of RCM.
SYSTEM STUDIES AND CALCULATIONS
System Studies and Calculations
Development of single line diagrams, libraries, project
data management, cable sizing, templates.
Load flow analysis.
Short circuit (IEC and ANSI).
Motor acceleration.
Transient stability.
Protective device coordination and selectivity.
Ground grid systems.
Underground raceway systems.
ARC flash analysis.
Short circuit analysis (Fault calculation and stability
studies).
Load flow analysis.
Motor starting study.
Harmonics study.
Relay coordination study.
Other modules based on attendees request and time
permitting.

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