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Megamexisametalsupplierforhastelloy,monel,inconel,stainlesssteel,carbonsteel,metalfabrication,nickelalloys,andmore.

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NICKEL

MONELALLOY400

HASTELLOY

UNSN04400
Othercommonnames:Alloy400

MONEL
INCOLOY
INCONEL
NICKELALLOYS
STAINLESSSTEEL
DUPLEXSTAINLESS
CARBONALLOYS
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Monel400isanickelcopperalloy(about67%Ni23%Cu)
thatisresistanttoseawaterandsteamathightemperaturesas
wellastosaltandcausticsolutions.Alloy400isasolidsolution
alloythatcanonlybehardenedbycoldworking.Thisnickel
alloyexhibitscharacteristicslikegoodcorrosionresistance,
goodweldabilityandhighstrength.Alowcorrosionratein
rapidlyflowingbrackishorseawatercombinedwithexcellent
resistancetostresscorrosioncrackinginmostfreshwaters,and
itsresistancetoavarietyofcorrosiveconditionsledtoitswide
useinmarineapplicationsandothernonoxidizingchloride
solutions.Thisnickelalloyisparticularlyresistantto
hydrochloricandhydrofluoricacidswhentheyaredeaerated.
Aswouldbeexpectedfromitshighcoppercontent,alloy400is
rapidlyattackedbynitricacidandammoniasystems.
Monel400hasgreatmechanicalpropertiesatsubzerotemperatures,canbeusedintemperatures
upto1000F,anditsmeltingpointis23702460F.However,alloy400islowinstrengthinthe
annealedconditionso,avarietyoftempersmaybeusedtoincreasethestrength.
InwhatformsisMonel400AvailableatMegaMex?
Sheet
Plate
Bar
Pipe&Tube(welded&seamless)
Fittings(i.e.flanges,slipons,blinds,weldnecks,lapjoints,longweldingnecks,socketwelds,
elbows,tees,stubends,returns,caps,crosses,reducers,andpipenipples)
Wire
WhatarethecharacteristicsofMonel400?

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Resistanttoseawaterandsteamathightemperatures
Excellentresistancetorapidlyflowingbrackishwaterorseawater
Excellentresistancetostresscorrosioncrackinginmostfreshwaters
Particularlyresistanttohydrochloricandhydrofluoricacidswhentheyaredeaerated
Offerssomeresistancetohydrochloricandsulfuricacidsatmodesttemperaturesand
concentrations,butisseldomthematerialofchoicefortheseacids
Excellentresistancetoneutralandalkalinesalt
Resistancetochlorideinducedstresscorrosioncracking
Goodmechanicalpropertiesfromsubzerotemperaturesupto1020F
Highresistancetoalkalis
ChemicalComposition,%
C

Mn

Si

Ni

Cu

Fe

.30max

2.00max

.024max

.50max

63.0min

28.034.0

2.50max

CorrosionResistantMonel400
Alloy400isvirtuallyimmunetochlorideionstresscorrosioncrackingintypicalenvironments.
Generally,itscorrosionresistanceisverygoodinreducingenvironments,butpoorinoxidizing
conditions.Itisnotusefulinoxidizingacids,suchasnitricacidandnitrous.Nevertheless,itis
resistanttomostalkalis,salts,waters,foodproducts,organicsubstancesandatmospheric
conditionsatnormalandelevatedtemperatures.
Thisnickelalloyisattackedinsulfurbearinggasesaboveapproximately700Fandmoltensulfur
attacksthealloyattemperaturesoverapproximately500F.
Monel400offersaboutthesamecorrosionresistanceasnickelbutwithhighermaximumworking
pressuresandtemperaturesandatalowercostduetoitssuperiorabilitytobemachined.
InwhatapplicationsisMonel400used?
Marineengineering
Chemicalandhydrocarbonprocessingequipment
Gasolineandfreshwatertanks
Crudepetroleumstills
Deaeratingheaters
Boilerfeedwaterheatersandotherheatexchangers
Valves,pumps,shafts,fittings,andfasteners
Industrialheatexchangers
Chlorinatedsolvents
Crudeoildistillationtowers
FabricationwithMonel400
Alloy400caneasilybeweldedbygastungstenarc,gasmetalarcor
shieldedmetalarcprocessesusingappropriatefillermetals.Thereisno
needforpostweldheattreatment,however,thoroughcleaningafter
weldingiscriticalforoptimumcorrosionresistance,otherwisethereisthe
riskofcontaminationandembrittlement.
Finishedfabricationscanbeproducedtoawiderangeofmechanical
propertieswhenpropercontroloftheamountofhotorcoldworkingandthe
selectionofappropriatethermaltreatmentsisdone.
Likemostothernickelalloys,Monel400istypicallytoughtomachineandwillworkharden.
However,excellentresultscaneobtainedifyoumakethecorrectchoicesfortoolingand
machining.

Clickhereformoreinformationonfabricationandmachiningnickelalloys.
ASTMSpecifications
PipeSmls

Pipe
Welded

TubeSmls

Tube
Welded

Sheet/Plate

Bar

Forging

Fitting

Wire

B165

B725

B163

B127

B164

B564

B366

MechanicalProperties
TypicalroomtemperatureTensilePropertiesofAnnealedMaterial
ProductForm

Condition

Tensile(ksi)

.2%Yield(ksi)

Elongation(%)

Hardness(HRB)

Rod&Bar

Annealed

7590

2550

6035

6080

Rod&Bar

ColdDrawn
StressRelieved

84120

55100

4022

8520HRC

Plate

Annealed

7085

2850

5035

6076

Sheet

Annealed

7085

3045

4535

6580

Tube&Pipe
Seamless

Annealed

7085

2545

5035

75max*

*Therangesshownarecompositesforvariousproductsizesandthereforearenotsuitablefor
specificationpurposes.Hardnessvaluesaresuitableforspecificationpurposesprovidedtensile
propertiesarenotalsospecified..
Alloy400Trivia
*Alloy400isslightlymagneticatroomtemperature.
*Thisalloyhasalonghistoryofuseasacorrosionresistantmaterial,datingbacktotheearly20th
centurywhenitwasdevelopedasanattempttouseahighcoppercontentnickelore.Thenickel
andcoppercontentsoftheorewereintheapproximateratiowhichisnowformallyspecifiedforthe
alloy.

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