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Ex.

No: 1
Date:

LOAD TEST ON DC SHUNT MOTOR

Aim:
To conduct load test on given DC shunt motor to determine the following performance
characteristics.
1) Output Power(P0) VS Percentage Efficiency (%)
2) Output Power(Po) VS Torque(T)
3) Output Power(Po) VS Speed(N)
4) Output Power(Po) VS Line Current(IL)
5) Speed(N) VS Torque(T)

Apparatus Required:
S.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Name of the Apparatus

Type

Range

Quantity

Ammeter
Voltmeter
Rheostat
Tachometer
DPST Switch
Fuse
Connecting Wires

MC
MC
Wire Wound
Digital
-

(0 -20)A
(0-300)V
600/1.0A
20A
-

1
1
1
1
1
2
As Required

Name Plate Details:

Circuit Diagram

Theory:
This Method is direct method to find the performance characteristics of the DC shunt motor. In
this method the motor is directly loaded by connecting brakes which are with pulley and motor is
subjected to rated load so the entire power is wasted. The belt around the water cooled pulley has its
ends attached to spring balances s1and s2.The belt tightening hand wheels h1 and h2 help in adjusting
the load on the pulley so that the load on the motor can be varied.

Procedure:
1. All the connections are as per the circuit diagram.
2. 220V, DC supply is given to the motor by closing DPST switch.
3. Move the 3-point starter handle form OFF to ON position slowly and motor starts running.
4. Vary the field rheostat until the motor reaches its rated Speed and take voltmeter and ammeter
readings.
5. Apply the load by brake drum pulley and for each application of load and the following readings are
tabulated.

Voltmeter (VL),

Ammeter (IL),

Spring forces S1 & S2 and

Speed (N)

6. Calculate and Plot the performance characteristics of the DC shunt motor.


7. Remove the load slowly and keep the rheostat at starting position and switch OFF the supply by
using DPST switch.

Precautions:
1. Initially 3-point starter should be kept at OFF position and later it must be varied slowly and
uniformly from OFF to ON position.
2. DC shunt motor should be started and stopped at no load condition.(No load condition is
obtained by loosening the belt around the brake drum and S1 and S2 shows zero reading)
3. Field rheostat should be kept at minimum position at the start of the experiment.
4. Brake drum has to be cooled periodically with water when it is under load.

Table 1
Radius of Brake Drum (r) = _____ (meters)
S.No.

Line
Voltage(V)
VL

Line
Current(A)
IL

Spring Balance
(Kg)

S1

S2

F=
S1~S2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Formulae:

Reff(m) = r + (0.5 Thickness of belt)


Torque (Nm) T = (S1~S2) Reff 9.81
Input Power(W) Pin = VL IL
Output Power(W) Po =
% =

2NT
60

100

Were S1 and S2 are load in Kg and Speed (N) in RPM

Speed
(RPM)
N

Torque
(Nm)
T=F*Reff*9.81

Input
Power(W)
Pin=VL*IL

Output
Power(W)
Po=2NT/60

%
Efficiency
%=(Po/Pin)*100

Model Calculation:

Graphs:
1) Output Power(P0) VS Percentage Efficiency (%)
2) Output Power(Po) VS Torque(T)
3) Output Power(Po) VS Speed(N)
4) Output Power(Po) VS Line Current(IL)
5) Speed(N) VS Torque(T)

Model Graph:
Electrical Characteristics

Mechanical Characteristic

Result:
Thus the load test on the given DC Shunt motor has been performed and the performance
characteristics have been plotted.