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Security Level:

LTE for Claro


www.huawei.com

Jan Berglund
Wireless Marketing Director
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Contents
Spectrum usage for Claro
LTE in a SRAN perspective
Interworking

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 2

Proposed Claro spectrum layout


LTE Data Overlay

LTE Capacity Layer

AWS B4: 20MHz Urban LTE Capacity

LTE AWS

LTE
APT700

APT700 : X MHz LTE Coverage

Smartphone
Capacity

Legacy voice capacity layer and new data capacity


G1900
GU1900
1900MHz: 17.5MHz GSM -> 5+5U + 7.5G

Smartphone
Coverage

3G Coverage Layer

850MHz: 5 +5 MHz UMTS

Voice Capacity

U850
Indoor coverage layer

850MHz: 2.5MHz GSM

2013
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Voice Coverage

G850

2014

2015

2015
Page 3Page

Contents
Spectrum usage for Claro
LTE in a SRAN perspective
Interworking

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 4

SingleRAN Broad Hardware Pipe


Solution

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 5

BBU

RF

Cabinet

Controller

SingleBBU and CloudBB Evolution


SRAN8.0
Concurrent
MPT

Before
Separated
MPT

SRAN8.0

Near Future
Concurrent
BBP

BBU Stack

General Hardware

Coming

Centralized
maintenance

Near Future

BBU Pooling

Cloud BB

Pool for capacity


gain and sharing

UBBP(GUL)

CloudBB

UMPT(GUL)
WBBP

Open API

30%+ capacity improving


30%+ OPEX saving
QOE enhancing

LBBP

UMPT( GUL)
WBBP
GTMU

UMPT( U)

LBBP
UMPT( L)

SingleBBU, not Just Co-BBU

Evolve to CloudBB Step by Step

5B3M in One BBU


From MPT Concurrent to BBP Concurrent

BBU Capability Double Every Year


BBU Architecture Evolution Matching BBU Growth

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 6

SingleBBU Architecture from SRAN8.0


SRAN 6.0/SRAN7.0

SingleRAN

GTMU

LMPT

WBBP

LBBP

SingleRAN

Controller

SingleOM
in OSS

Separate
OAM
interface

Single OAM
interface

GUL
Dedicated
HW for each
RAT

UMPT
GBBP

WBBP

LBBP

UMPT GUL Concurrent , Making Separated G/U/L OM to SingleOM


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Cabinet

GUL

WMPT

RF

SRAN8.0
SingleRAN
in OSS

BBU

Page 7

Common
HW for
each RAT

SingleRAN Common BBU Benifits Single Operation


From One Team to One Knowledge

Common Hardware test instance

-80%

GSM

UMTS

LTE

2
0
UMTS

LTE

Common part (iRAT part)

Common Hardware

GSM
Common part (Single RAT)

MML Commands (x1000)

-40%

0.8

SingleRAN 3 brains(~2013)

SingleRAN(With
SingleOM)
RAT related

0.6
0.4

GSM

UMTS

LTE

0.2
0
NodeB
4

Common Hardware

eNodeB

GBTS

SingleRAN( with
SingleOM)

Integration Parameters (x1000)

-40%

3
2

SingleRAN 1 brain (2013~)

1
0
NodeB

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

eNodeB

GBTS

SingleRAN(with
SingleOM)
Page 8

BBU

RF

Cabinet

Controller

UMPT Evolution and Specification


UMPT Specification & Capacity

UMPT Evolution

4E1/T1
2FE/GE

GUL

Same Hardware
for UMTS and LTE

Concurrent

Dynamically

Signaling Sharing

In-house Chipset

Hardware Ready for


GUL Concurrent
evolution

Before

SRAN7.0

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

SRAN8.0

G: 60 TRX(IP)
U: 170 CNBAP/s
L: 30 CAPs

Now
G: 72 TRX;
U: 1500 CNBAPs
L: 120 CAPs
GUL(Typical Concurrent ):
18 TRX+1000CNBAPS+30CAPS

Page 9

BBU

RF

Cabinet

Controller

Blade RRU, Designed for Multi-band and Multi-RAT Scalability

Scenario 1:
Band X
Sector 1

Scenario 2:
Band X + Y
Or Sector 1 + 2

Scenario 3:
Band X + Y + Z
Or Sector 1 + 2 + 3

Blade RRU
Unique Seamless Assembly
One Box
Multi-band, Multi-RAT and
Multi-sector Scalability

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Smallest & Fastest


12L/14KG

Industrys most lightweight


macro RRU, three modules
installed under 5 minutes

Best-in-class RF Performance
Up to10W/L Power Density
Up to 60MHz IBW
30% Less Power Consumption

Page 10

Software Defined Equipment

Blade RRU Flexible Installation


Blade RRU Clean Site

6 Boxes

36L

2 Boxes

66% Box saved per site


50% Workload saved for cable
50% Wind resistance reduction

Dielectric duplexer

50%
Highest Power Efficiency

One Chip for


All Digital Functions
Decrease 30%
Power Consumption

4 Cables

12 Cables

Blade RRU Flexible Expansion

24L

12L

Band X + Y
or
Sector 1 + 2
or
4 x 4 MIMO

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

36L
Band X + Y + Z
or
Sector 1 + 2 + 3

Super Slim Fin


Die-Casting for ultra
high efficiency heat sink

Chimney channel
Fresh Air
Compensation

12L/14KG

ONE

Industry Highest Integration

Box Assembly

Page 11

Software Defined Equipment

Best-in-class RF Performance
PA Efficiency
370W
45%

320W

13.5%

50%
DPD+A DHT/
Y-Power

40%

10% PA efficiency
Improved, 13.5%
Power saved

DPD+A DHT
DPD+Doherty

Blade RRU

Instantaneous Bandwidth

Power Density
10W/L

60M

Blade RRU
25M

IBW

RRU3838
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Up to 60M full
bandwidth, One RRU
support RAN Sharing

5W/L

260W@24L

Blade RRU

260W@12L
Page 12

Up to 10W/L ,
Power integration
doubled

BBU

Blade RRU Portfolio


2012

Cabinet

Controller

2013
3268
2T2R
3260
2x40W
2T4R
2x40W

2.6G

Blade RRU (2.1G) available for


rollout in Q3, 2012
Blade RRU portfolio will cover
all mainstream bands by 2013

3832
2T4R
2x60W

AWS

2.1G

RF

3838
2T2R
3832
2x40W
2T4R
2x60W

3824
1T2R
3826
1x60W
1T2R
1x80W

3936
1T2R
1x80W

900M/
1800M

More bands will be supported


by Blade RRU according the
market needs beyond 2013

3938
2T2R
2x40W

3268
2T2R
2x40W

APT700
2012 Q3

2012 Q4

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

2013 Q1

2013 Q2

2013 Q3

Note: 850/1900 under planning

2013 Q4
Page 13

BBU

RF

Cabinet

Controller

Uplink 4Rx achieve 60% capacity gain


UL 4-Antenna Receive Diversity

60%
Increase

With 4 antennas per

2Rx

sector for receiving

4Rx

Cell Average Throughput

2Rx -> 4Rx


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

In operator X Commercial trial network,2012


Page 14

Uplink Shared Channel IRC


Shared Channel IRC vs. MRC
PUSCH IRC

Scenario: Urban area, small ISD (Inter Site Distance) sites

UEs Interfering on PUSCH

Victim cell

Interfering cell

2.4~3.7dB gain in 2Rx


5.3~5.7dB gain in 4Rx

Parameter

Assumption

Cellular Layout

Hex grid, 19 cell sites, 3 cells per site

Distance Dependant path-loss

L = I + 37.6log10R
(R in km)
I = 128.1 2GHz

Lognormal Shadowing

Similar to UMTS 30.03, B1.4.1.4

Shadowing Standard Deviation

8dB

Correlation distance of Shadowing

50m

Shadowing Correlation

Between cells

0.5

Between sectors

1.0

Antenna pattern (Horizontal)


3-sector cell sites with fixed antenna pattern

Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH) IRC


9.55% increase UL Cell average Throughput (1X2
MMSE-IRC compared with MMSE-MRC )
Support of adaptive switch between MRC and IRC
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

, Am
A min 12

1dB

1dB 70 deg, Am 20dB

Channel Model

SCME

Total BS TX power (Ptotal)

43 dBm 1.25 / 5MHz carrier


46dBm - 10MHz carrier

Antenna configuration

2 or 4 for Rx, 1, 2 or 4 for Tx


4Tx: x-pol, 0.5
4Rx: x-pol, 0.5
5dB noise figure
14dBi BS antenna gain plus cable loss

UE power class

24dBm (250mW)

UE Antennas

2 or 4 Rx antennas, 1 Tx antenna
0dBi antenna gain
9dB noise figure

Inter-Cell Interference modelling

Modelling the strongest interfering sectors (B=8 sectors for DL, B=10
users for UL) as spatially correlated processes whose covariance is
determined by their channel matrices
Model the remaining sectors as AWGN interferences

Minimum distance between UE and cell

35m

Thermal noise spectral density

-174dBm/Hz

Page 15
Users dropped evenly across the cell

Uplink Control Channel IRC


Scenario: Urban area small ISD (Inter Site Distance) sites

Control Channel IRC vs. MRC

PUCCH IRC

UEs Interfering on PRACH and PUCCH

Format1x 1dB gain in 2Rx


Format2x 0.5dB gain in 2Rx
Format1x 2dB gain in 4Rx
Format2x 0.7dB gain in 4Rx

PRACH IRC
Victim cell

Interfering cell

4~4.8dB gain in 2Rx


7.2~8.8dB gain in 4Rx

Uplink Control Channel (PUCCH/PRACH) IRC


20-40% increase in UL control channel coverage
Improve network access success rate
Support of adaptive switch between MRC and IRC
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 16

LTE Feature

No-Edge of UL Intra-eNodeB CoMP: Improve 10% Cell Edge UL Throughput


UL CoMP w/t Co-demodulation & Interference

Benefits*

Rejection
No CoMP

Intra-eNB CoMP

Intra-eNB CoMP Legend

Gain for UE1: Co-demodulated.


Gain for UE2: Interference (UE1) Rejection.

Throughput (Mbps)

Without CoMP

7% Increase

With CoMP

10% Increase

Cell Average
Throughput.

Cell Edge
Throughput

* Simulation assumption: 10MHz, 2-Sector CoMP

UL Intra-eNB, Improve User throughput with software upgrade only


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 17

LTE Feature

Carrier Aggregation(CA)
2.6G CC1

LTE-A UE

LTE-A UE

2.6G CC2

2.6G CC2

Inter-band CA

Intra-band CA

up to 300Mbps@2*2MIMO
CC2

LTE-A UE

CC1

800M CC1

Scenario:
Intra-band CA (2CC) : 2.6G, 1.8G
Inter-band CA(2CC): 2.6G+1.8G, 2.6G+800M,
1.8G+800M, 700M+AWS
Up to 40MHz total bandwidth
Benefit:
Up to 300Mbps per UE CAT6 (DL 300 / UL
50Mbps @ 2x2 MIMO)
Fast load balance between the two LTE
carriers
Dependency:
R10 UE need to support CA.
Require LBBPc/LBBPd + LBBPd to support
2CC
Intra-band CA requires that the time deviation
between the RF channels of different CC less
than 130 ns.

LTE UE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 18

Contents
Spectrum usage for Claro
LTE in a SRAN perspective
Interworking

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 21

Interworking Solution
Interworking Strategy

Interworking Detail Features

RAT Priority Definition

Standard Interworking Function

Camping Strategy

Camping

Handover Strategy

Customized Priority Definition based


on SPID
Connected Mobility
Handover Process
CSFB

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 22

GUL Interworking Priority Strategy Claro Peru


MLB based HO
4

LTE 2100 (20Mx2)

UMTS 1900

UMTS 850
GU same as before

Low

0/1
Priority Order

Camping Strategy When Idle


Better spectral efficiency (LTE - UMTS - GSM ),
higher priority

GSM 850/1900

Coverage based HO

High

Strategy When Connected


Load balancing between LTE AWS and 700
Load balancing between LTE and UMTS

Higher frequency point, Higher priority

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 23

Idle Mobile Distribution Strategy


Cell
Priority

Suggested strategies,
UE
Individual
Priority

System Priority

Coverage

Coverage (Better Cell)

GSM/UMTS

FDD/GSM/UMTS FDD/GSM/UMTS
Multi Mode UE UL sensitive UE

GSM/UMTS Handset

Voice centric
Multi Mode UE

FDD/GSM/UMTS
Multi Mode UE

To provide better service


experience for subscriber.

LTE/GSM/UMTS Multi Mode UE


Out of LTE coverage

eNodeB/BTS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

To let UE stay in the service area

UE Individual Priority based on SPID

LTE FDD

To better serve 4G-preferred UE


and offload traffic from 3G

Page 24

Handover categories
Load balance

Coverage

Based on the radio link quality

UL Quality

Based on the RB utilization


Service

Based on the service

Based on UL Quality

Distance
Coverage based is recommended by default at initial stage
Load based is useful when LTE traffic significantly increased
Service based is for better utilization of each radio technologies

Distance and UL quality is to manage sub optimal cases

Based on the distance

Flexible Mobility Strategy Satisfies Different Scenarios


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 25

Interworking Solution
Interworking Strategy

Interworking Detail Features

RAT Priority Definition

Standard Interworking Function

Camping Strategy

Camping

Handover Strategy

Customized Priority Definition based


on SPID
Connected Mobility
Handover Process
CSFB

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 26

LTE TDD/FDD/GSM/UMTS Interworking Standard Function


Cell Selection
RRC_IDLE

Cell Reselection
PS HO
CCO/NACC

Data Service Continuity

Redirection

RRC_CONNECTED
CS FallBack

Voice Service Continuity

SRVCC
Dual Radio UE

Huawei Support All feature of Interworking


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 27

UE Switch ON PLMN/Cell Initial Selection


PLMN Select When UE Switch On
Last RPLMN

Stored in UE

HPLMN or EHPLMN select

Set in SIM

HPLMN & EHPLMN

Set in UE

Set in SIM
Suggested PLMN List in SIM card:
PLMN + E-UTRAN
PLMN + UTRAN
PLMN + GSM

User Controlled PLMN Selector


with Access Technology
Operator Controlled PLMN Selector
with Access Technology

The Timer of HPLMN


Reselection is Saved in SIM
Card (no less 6 min)

The PLMN of Better Wireless Quality

Other PLMN Base On Wireless Quality

Customized PLMN/Frequency List in SIM card, UE Prefers to Camp on LTE Network


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 28

Camping Reselection to Higher Priority Cell


GSM, UMTS, FDD cells
broadcast same priority list
in SIB

LTE FDD (Higher)


SI
B

UE reads SIB and get


neighbor list, priority, and
cell reselection parameters

GSM/UMTS (Low)
SI
B

Suggested RAT Priority:


LTE FDD (Higher)
GSM/UMTS (Low)

UE measures signal
strength of higher priority
neighbor cells

Reselection happens when


RF condition is fulfilled. UE
camps on LTE FDD

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 29

LBFD-00201803 Cell Selection and Rese

Idle Mobility Reselection to Better Cell


Cell Reselection Principal
S-eNB is worse than Thresh_serving.low & T-BTS is
better than Thresh_x.low

FDD 1800

Cell Reselection

FDD 800

High Prio.
eNodeB

T-eNB is better than Thresh_x.high

Low Prio.
eNodeB/BTS

UMTS/GSM
Low Prio. -> High Prio.
Happens when UE enters
Higher Priority Cell
High Prio. -> Low Prio.
Happens when UE moves
out of Higher Priority Cell

UEs camp on Cell which


providing best service

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Cell Reselection From High -> Low

Cell Reselection From Low > High


Page 30

LOFD-00105401 Camp & Handover Based on

Customized: UE Individual Priority based on SPID


S6a
SPID)
HSS
Subscriber
Profile ID

HSS: Set User SPID info & tell eNodeB via


MME
eNodeB send UE Individual priority

MME
S1-MME
SPID)

on SPID

Cell reselection
Info

Cell reselection
Info

GSM Priority 5

in RRCConnectionRelease based

FDD Priority 5
TDD Priority 4

eNodeB

UMTS Priority 4

UMTS Priority 3

TDD Priority 3

GSM Priority 2

Cell reselection
Info

TDD Priority 5
FDD Priority 4

FDD Priority 2

UMTS Priority 3
GSM Priority 2

Voice centric dual-Mode UE

UL sensitive UE

Data centric dual-Mode UE

Data centric UE: eNB not send individual


priority to UE, common priority in SIB
works, then UE prefer camping on LTE TDD
Voice centric UE: eNB send UE individual
priority message which gives GSM higher
priority than LTE, then individual cell
reselection priority overwrite common
priority, UE prefer camping on GSM
UL sensitive UE: eNB send UE individual
priority message which gives LTE FDD
higher priority than LTE TDD, then
individual cell reselection priority will
overwrite common priority and UE prefers
camping on LTE FDD

Voice Centric UE Prefers GSM/UMTS & Data Centric UE Prefers LTE TDD/FDD
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 31

Connected Mobility Scheme:


Redirection/PS Handover/CCO/NACC
To GSM
PS HO > CCO/NACC > Redirection

LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT Mobility between E-UTRAN and


LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT Mobility between E-UTRAN and

To UMTS:
PS HO > Redirection

eNodeB

GSM

LTE FDD

UMTS

Proper Interworking Policy is Chosen based on UE Capability


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 32

LBFD-00201801 Coverage Based Intra-frequency Handover


LBFD-00201802 Coverage Based Inter-frequency Handover
LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT Mobility between E-UTRAN and
WRFD-020126 Mobility Between UMTS and LTE

Coverage-based Handover
Moves to neighbor
LTE FDD cell

Threshold of trigger Interfreq HO (IF A2) is higher

Moves out of LTE


coverage
LTE FDD

than threshold of trigger

Inter-RAT HO (IR A2),

LTE FDD
700

AWS

which means that interfreq HO is triggered earlier

Inter-RAT

than inter-RAT HO.

Inter-Frequency
UMTS

Moves to LTE
coverage

If UE under UMTS move to LTE coverage, there are two options:


1. Service is still provided by UMTS. When service ends, UE will
camp on LTE network by cell reselection
2. UMTS triggers Inter-RAT handover to LTE

Using different event threshold to decide handover target


Handover Priority: Intra-frequency > inter-frequency , Intra-RAT > inter-RAT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 33

Load Balancing based Handover


Huawei provide the seamless
synergy among multiple layer of
the network

LOFD-001032 Intra-LTE Load Balancing


LOFD-001044 Inter-RAT Load Sharing to UTRAN
LOFD-001045 Inter-RAT Load Sharing to GERAN
WRFD-020306 Inter-RAT Handover Based on Load
WRFD-070004 Load Based GSM and UMTS Handover Enhancement
Based on Iur-g
WRFD-070006 GSM and UMTS Load Balancing Based on Iur-g

High

Trigger redirection
directly
Trigger inter-RAT HO
Trigger inter-freq HO

Offload within FDD


(intra-freq HO)

Trigger intra-freq HO
According to cell load
(PRB utilization ratio)

LTE FDD AWS

Offload between FDD/UMTS


(inter-RAT HO)

Exchange load info via


RIM Procedure

UMTS 850/1900

Offload between UMTS/GSM


(inter-RAT HO)
GSM 850/1900

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Iur-g

Low

Load

Load balance is optimal when traffic significantly


increasing
Steering the newly-access subscriber to low-load network.
Leverage the load among LTE/UMTS network. Make full use
of LTE/UMTS network resource.

Page 34

LBFD-00201802 Coverage Based Inter-frequency Ha

UL Quality based Handover

Scenario: DL quality is good, but


UL quality is limited, which result
to poor service experience
Principle: When UL IBLER is
higher than threshold, trigger
handover to a better neighbor cell

HO

Improve Edge User Experience in Interference or UL-Limited Scenario


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 35

Win Together

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Page 36