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90 QUESTIONS OF GARMENTS WASHING & DYEING.

PREPARED BY
MD. GOLAM FARUK
B.SC. IN TEXTILE ENGINEERING
1. DEFINITION OF GARMENT WASHING.
The technology which is used to modify the appearance, outlook comfort ability and fashion of the garments
is called garment washing.
Depending on garments construction different types of washing process can be done.
Twill/Canvas/Knitted/Corduroy - Normal wash, Pigment wash, Caustic ,Si wash
Denim/Jeans/Gabardine - Enzyme wash, Stone wash, Bleach wash , Acid wash
Grey fabric- Super white wash
2. WRITE THE PURPOSE OF WASHING.
Garment washing is the best touch of a garment.
Same type of garments can produce several effects for several wash
Like this:
To create wash look appearance, seems the new touch of fashion.
By the washing technique, faded/old, color or tinted affect .
Washing technique creates new fashion such as tagging, grinding, destroy, blasting, whickering, permanent
wrinkle, deep dye, tie dye, p.p spray, hand crapping, p.p spoonzing etc.
To reduce size materials that imports soft hand feels.
To attraction the customers/buyer by different types of fashionable washing and market development.
Due to washing, shrinkage occurs in the garments. There is no possibility of further shrinkage of the wash
garments.
Any dirt, spot or germ if added in the garments during manufacturing is also removed due to washing.
3. WRITE DIFFERENT TYPES OF DRY PROCESSING.
Hand scrapping
3D whiskering
Broken
Tagging
Wrinkle (Permanent & Overall)
Grinding (Hem,Pocket,Coller,Cuff)
Destroy
PP spray & PP sponging.
4. WRITE DIFFERENT TYPES OF WET PROCESSING.
Normal wash/ garment wash/rinse wash
Pigment wash
Caustic wash
Enzyme wash
Stone wash
Stone enzyme wash
Tinting (Tie) & Over Dyeing(Dip Dyeing)
Super white wash
Bleach wash
Acid wash
Silicon wash
5. WRITE THE MACHINE NAMES WHICH ARE USED IN WASHING PLANT.
Sample washing machine ( horizontal/vertical)
Washing machine

Washing machine
Hydro extractor machine
Dryer machine
Dryer machine
Chemical mixture machine
Industrial oven
Boiler
Submersible pump
Grinding machine
Tagging machine
Steam chamber for crinkle
E.T.P
Generator
Sand blasting gun
Sand blasting chamber
Spray gun and dummy
Screw compressor

6. WRITE THE CHEMICAL NAMES WHICH ARE USED IN WASHING PLANT.


Enzyme
Acetic acid [CH3-COOH]
Detergent
Ant staining agent
Bleaching powder [Ca(OCl)CL]
Sodium hyposulfite [Na2S2O2]
Caustic soda [NAOH]
Soda ash [Na2CO3]
Sodium bicarbonate [NaHCO3]
Potassium permanganate [KMnO4]
Cationic/ nonionic flax softener
Micro emulsion silicon
Salt
Buffer
Hydrogen peroxide [H202]
Stabilizer
Fixing agent
Catanizer
Optical brightner
Resin
Sodium metabisulphite [Na2S2O5 ]
Desizing agent.
7. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF NORMAL WASH?
To remove dust, dirt, oil spot, impurities from the garments.
To remove starch presents on the garment fabrics.
For soft feeling to wear the garments after purchasing.
To achieve buyer washing standard.
8. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF HYDRO EXTRACTOR MACHINE?
The function of hydro extractor machine removes excess water from the washed garments.
9. DESCRIBE THE 1ST STEP AND 2ND STEP OF NORMAL/GARMENT WASH/RINSE WASH.
First step
Lot size70 kg twill/canvas garment
Add water, L:R= 1:8-10.560-700 liter
Machine running

Add detergent, 0.5 gm/liter..280-350gm


Temperature.sometime cold and sometime 40c to 60c
Time.5 to 10 minutes
Drop the liquor
Cold wash.
Second step
Add water, L:R= 1:6..420 liter
Washing machine running
Add Fax softener, 0.6 gm/liter..252 gm
Add acetic acid, 0.5gm/liter..210 gm
Time.5 to 10 minutes
Drop the liquor
Unload the garments on trolley.
10. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF SILICON WASH?
To give durable softness and elastic handle properties.
To increase anti pilling affects, dimensional stability and tear resistance.
To improve wear and easy care properties.
11. WRITE DIFFERENT BETWEEN NORMAL WASH AND SILICON WASH.
Normal wash
Silicon wash
To remove dust, dirt, oil spot, impurities from the
garments.

To give durable softness and elastic handle properties.

To remove starch presents on the garment fabrics.

To increase anti pilling affects and dimensional stability.

For soft feeling to wear the garments after purchasing.

To increase tear resistance property.

To achieve buyer washing standard.

To improve wear and easy care properties

12. DESCRIBE THE DESIZING PROCESS OF SILICON WASH.


Lot weight (Approx 125 pes) ............ 60 kg.
Add water @ L: R = 1: 10.............. 600 Liter
Machine Running.
Add Desizing agent @ 0.6 gm / litre ............ 360 gm.
Add Detergent @ 0.5 gm / litre.................... 300 gm.
Temperature.......................... 50c.
Time...............................10-20 mts.
Drop the liquor.
Rinse one time 3 minutes.
13. DESCRIBE THE SOFTENING PROCESS OF SILICON WASH.
The softening=DESIZING
Lot weight (Approx 125 pes) ............ 60 kg.
Add water @ L: R = 1: 10.............. 600 Liter
Machine Running.
Add Desizing agent @ 0.6 gm / litre ............ 360 gm.
Add Detergent @ 0.5 gm / litre.................... 300 gm.
Temperature.......................... 50c.
Time...............................10-20 mts.
Drop the liquor.
Rinse one time 3 minutes.

14. WRITE THE CHEMICALS NAME WHICH ARE USED FOR PIGMENT/CAUSTIC WASH PROCESS.
1.Caustic soda
4. Acetic acid
2.Soda ash
5. Flax softener
3.Detergent
6. Silicon

15. WRITE THE CHEMICALS NAME WHICH ARE USED FOR ENZYME WASH.
Desizing agent
Detergent
Anti back staining agent
Acetic acid
Cationic softener
Chlorine bleach
Soda ash
Sodium hypo sulphite
Sodium bi carbonate
Silicon.
16. WRITE THE DESIZING/ FIRST STEP OF CAUSTIC WASH PROCESS.
Lot size: - ...................... 80 kg.
Add water @ L : R = 1 : 8.............. 640 Liter
Machine Running.
Add Caustic soda (NAOH)..... @ 1.60 gm / litre........ 1024 gm.
Add Detergent ........................ @ 0.8 gm / litre ............ 512 gm.
Temperature........... 50c to 60c.
Time (Depend upon the shade) ....... 20 to 60 mts.
Drop the liquor.
Wash cold water for 3 mts.
17. WHAT IS THE STANDARD R.P.M OF WASHING MACHINE?
(28-35) RPM
18. WRITE THE CHEMICALS NAME WHICH ARE USED FOR SOFTNESS OF GARMENTS.
Cationic softener
Silicon
Enzyme
19. WRITE THE CHEMICALS NAME WHICH ARE USED FOR GOOD QUALITY HAND FEEL.
Cationic softener
Silicon
Enzyme
20. WHAT CHEMICAL USE IS FOR PROTECT STAINING/BLEEDING ON GARMENTS.
Anti-back staining agent
21. WHAT PROCESS IS DOING FOR REMOVE STARCH/SIZING MATERIALS FROM THE
GARMENTS?
Desizing process
22. WHY ACETIC ACID IS USED IN ENZYME BATH?
Acetic acid is used in enzyme bath to neutralize the garments from alkaline condition and to control
the ph value of the bath.
Then acid enzyme is given in enzyme wash.
23. WRITE DIFFERENT BETWEEN STEAM DRYER & GAS DRYER.

Steam dryer

Gas dryer

Low production rate.

High production rate.

Generally light garments, white coloured


garments are dried
No risk of yellowish formation.

Generally heavy garments are

used for dry.

May be form yellowish effect on the garments.

24. DESCRIBE THE DESIZING PROCESS OF DENIM LONG PANT.


Lot weight (80 pes) ............ 60 kg denim long pant.
Add water @ L : R = 1 : 9 .............. 540 Liter
Machine Running.
Temperature.......................... 60c.
Add Desizing agent @ 0.6 gm / litre ............ 324 gm.
Add Detergent @ 0.8 gm / litre.................... 432 gm.
Time...............................10-- 20 mts.
Drop the liquor.
Wash 1 time by cold water.

25. DESCRIBE THE ENZYME BATH PROCESS OF DENIM LONG PANT BY ACID ENZYME.
Add water @ L : R = 1 : 8 .............. 450 Liter
Temperature.......................... 45c.
Add Acetic Acid @ 0.6 gm / litre ................... 270 gm.
Add Anti back staining @ 0.6 gm / litre........ 270 gm.
Add Acid Enzyme @ 2.00 gm / litre ................ 900 gm.
Time.............. (Depend upon the shade )...40--60 mts.
Increase temperature to 90c and run 1 minute (enzyme killing).
Drain the bath. Rinse Twice, each 3 minutes.
26. DESCRIBE THE ENZYME BATH PROCESS OF DENIM LONG PANT BY NEUTRAL ENZYME.
Add water at, L: R = 1: 8.............. 480Liter
Temperature................................ 45c.,
Add Acetic Acid at 0.3 gm / liter..... 135CC
Add Anti Back staining at 0.6 gm / liter ... 270 gm.
Add Neutral Enzyme at 2.00 gm / liter ... 900 gm.
Time... (Depend upon the shade).40- 80 min.
Increase temperature to 90c and run 1 minute (enzyme killing).
Drain the bath.
Rinse Twice, each 3 minutes.
27. HOW CAN DO THE KILLING OF ENZYME IN ENZYME BATH?
For killing of enzyme in enzyme bath the temperature is increased to 900c and run for 1 minute.
Or,
By using ENZYME KILLER.

28. WHY CHLORINE BLEACH IS USE IN DENIM WET PROCESSING?


Chlorine bleach is use in denim wet processing for the better bleach action on garments. Because we know
that chlorine has strong bleaching power. So that it can easily create bleaching effect on garments.
29. WHAT CHEMICALS IS USE FOR NEUTRALIZATION OF CHLORINE BLEACH?
Sodium hypo sulphite (Na2S2O2)
30. WRITE THE MAIN 5 FUNCTIONS OF ENZYME WASH.
Develop Bio-polishing affect on denim in echo-friendly way
Enzyme improves the Anti-pilling properties.
It attacks more the surface of the fabrics and gives a very smooth surface.
It increases the color fastness and rubbing fastness properties.
Achieve high-low abrasion to produce fading effect in sewing area.
31. WHAT IS THE ACTION OF ENZYME ON GARMENTS?
It just hydrolysis the cellulose, first it attacks the projecting fiber then the yarn portion inside fabric and faded
affect is produced.
It reduces GSM of the garment.
It produces buyer loving soft feel in use.

32. WHAT IS THE STANDARD TIME FOR BLEACHING IN BLEACHING BATH OF DENIM
GARMENTS?
(15-25) mts

33. WHAT TYPES OF ENZYME USED IN BANGLADESH?


Acid and neutral Enzymes Acid and neutral Enzymes

34. WRITE DIFFERENT BETWEEN ACID ENZYME & NEUTRAL ENZYME.


Acid enzyme
Neutral enzyme
1) Acid enzyme colour is slightly brown.
1) Neutral enzyme is slightly white powder form.
2) ph =( 4.5 to 5.5)
3) Temperature: (40-55)0 C
4) Time: 25-50 min
5) More staining

2) ph= ( 6 to 7)
3) Temperature: (40-60)0C
4) Time: 40-70 min
5) Less staining.

35. HOW CAN CONTROL THE PH VALUE IN GARMENTS?


If garments in alkali media then we apply acid to control ph.
if any garments in acetic media then we apply alkali to control ph.
By using Buffer solution.

36. WHAT TYPES OF ENZYME SUITABLE FOR DARK SHADE ENZYME WASH OF DENIM LONG
PANT & WHY?
Neutral enzyme is used for Dark shade enzyme wash because it comes fading effect slowly.

37. WHAT TYPE OF ENZYME SUITABLE FOR MEDIUM/LIGHT SHADE ENZYME WASH OF DENIM
SKIRT?
Acid enzyme is used for medium /light shade Enzyme wash of denim skirt because it comes enzyme effect quickly than
neutral enzyme.
38. WRITE DESIZING PROCESS OF TWILL LONG PANT FOR ENZYME WASH.
Lot weight (80 pieces) ............ 60 kg denim long pant.

Add water at L : R = 1 : 9
Machine Running.
Add Desizing agent at 0.6 gm / litre
Add Detergent at 0.8 gm / litre
600C & (15-20) min then drop the liquor.

39. WRITE ENZYME BATH PROCESS OF TWILL LONG PANT ENZYME WASH.

Add water at L : R = 1 : 8 .............. 450 Litre

Temperature.......................... 45c.

Add Acetic Acid at 0.6 gm / litre ................... 270 gm.

Add Anti back staining at 0.6 gm / litre........ 270 gm.

Add Acid Enzyme at 2.00 gm / litre ................ 900 gm.

Time.............. (Depend upon the shade)...40--60 mts.

Increase temperature to 90c and run 1 minute (enzyme killing).

Drain the bath.


Rinse Twice, each 3 minutes.
40. WRITE DIFFERENT TYPES OF WASHING FAULTS.
Color shade variation.
Crease Marks.
After wash hole.
Very dark & very light.
Bleach Spot.
Bottom hem & course edge destroy.
Running shading.
Over blasting / low Blasting.
Over grinding / low grinding.
Bad smell due to poor neutralization.
Poor hand feel.
To high hairiness.
Poor brightness.
High or low affect / abrasion on garments.
Spot on garments.
Out of range / level of ph value of garments.
41. WHAT IS THE PERFECT TEMPERATURE FOR ACID ENZYME AND NEUTRAL ENZYME?
(40-60) 0C

42. WRITE MAIN PROCESS OF STONE ENZYME WASH FOR DENIM LONG PANT.

1.DESIZING:
WATER=700 L 8 MARK
ID ECHO=500 g
SODA ASH=1 kg
60CX20 min
2.WASH 2 TIMES WATER 700 L
00CX2 min
3.ENZYME
WATER=700 L 8 MARK
ACETIC ACID= 200g
ID ECHO=500 g
ACID ENZYME=200g
POWDER ENZYME=700 g
STONE=15 kg
45CX35min
4.WASH 1 TIMES
WATER=700 L 8 MARK
00CX2 min
5.ID ECHO
WATER=700 L 8 MARK
ID ECHO =300g
45CX5 min
6.WASH 1 TIME
WATER=700 L 8 MARK
00CX2 min
7. SEND TO
PP

8. PP NEUTRAL
WATER=600 L 9 MARK
DENIM CALL PACE=1kg
00CX5 min
9.WASH 2 TIMES
WATER=700L , 00CX2 min
10.BLEACH
WATER=700 L , K.C.I.=6 kg
50CXCHECK AS TIME
11.WASH 1 TIME
WATER=700L, 00CX2 min
12.BLEACH NEUTRAL:
WATER=700L
HYPO=2 kg, 00CX5 min
13.WASH 1 TIME
WATER=700 L, 00CX2 min
14. CAUSTIC
WATER=700 L
ID ECHO=100g
CAUSTIC = 200g
SOF PEC(SILICON)=50 g
WASH 1 TIME
15(last step).ph CONTROL+SOFTNER
WATER=400L 11 MARK
ACETIC ACID=300 g
NORMAL SOFTNER=2kg
00CX3 min
SIGNAURE (Check and Delivery):

SIGNATURE (CHECK & to PP):

43. WRITE THE FUNCTION OF ANTISTAIN, DETERGENT, AND POTASSIUM PER MANGANATE,
MICRO EMULSION SOFTENER, HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, OPTICAL BRIGHTENER, AND DESIZING
AGENT.
ANTISTAIN: To protect the garment from staining , bleeding.
DETERGENT: To remove dust, dirt and other impurities from the garments.
POTASSIUM PER MANGANATE: after desizing it is sprayed in garments area.
It helps for color out from garment during Enzyme wash.
MICRO EMULSION SOFTENER: To soft the garment and get better hand feel.
HYDROGEN PEROXIDE: Enhances bleach to produce light shade.
OPTICAL BRIGHTENER: For more whitening grey fabrics.
DESIZING AGENT: Removes the sizing material from the garment
44. DESCRIBE ONLY BLEACHING PROCESS OF BLEACH WASH OF DENIM LONG PANT.
Add water @ L: R = 1: 8.............. 480 litres.
Machine running.
Add bleaching powder (k.c.i) @ 10 gm/litre. 4800 gm.
Add soda ash @ 5 gm/litre ............................... 2400 gm.
Temperature............................................................ 60c.
Time (Depend upon the shade).................... 12 to 15 mts.
Drop the liquor.
Rinse twice, each 3 minutes.

45. WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT PUMIC STONE?


When the impurities amount will be 10% of a pumic stone its
density increases to 1 gm/cm3. Then the stone will not float.
Alternative of pumic stone: SYNTHETIC STONE
Stone wt. /fabric wt. = 0.5 to 3 /1
Dia.of stone-1-7 cm
Moisture content-less than 5%
Surface properties-less than 5% fines
Apparent Density-0.5-0.75gm/cm3
Abrasion loss-35%
Large, hard stones last longer and may be suited for heavy weight fabrics only.
Smaller, softer stones would be used for light weight fabrics and more delicate items.

46. WRITE THE APP. ENZYME & SILICON WASH CHARGE FOR TWILL MENS & BOYS TROUSER
SEPARATELY.
Twill mens for Enzyme u$ 2.5-3.00 / Doz. For boys trouser
U$ (2.00-2.50)/Doz.
For silicon wash twill mens u$2.00-2.50/Doz and For boys trouser
U$(1.50-2.00)/Doz.

47. WHY WE RUN THE DRYER WITH GARMENT AFTER DRY 10 TO 15 MTS. IN COLD POSITION?
We run the dryer with garment after dry 15-20 mts to back the garments to normal temperature
Evaporation of water vapor from inner drum.
48. WHICH DRYER IS SUITABLE TO DRY WHITE READYMADE GARMENTS AND WHY?
STEAM DRYER.
because there is no possibility to occur any stain, yellowish effect.
49. DESCRIBE THE RISK/PROBLEM OF GAS DRYER.
The temp of gas dryer can be increased suddenly and it also makes flame.
So there have high risk to get damage of garments.
If the temp of gas dryer is higher, then garments will also be destroyed or loss of strength.
Sometime occurs yellowish effect on fabrics so avoided during white coloured garments drying

50. DESCRIBE THE FAULT/PROBLEM OF GARMENTS IF EXCESS LOAD IN THE WASHING


MACHINE.
Washing chemicals will not work properly so desizing/fading/bleaching/softening will not achieve as required level.
51. WHAT ARE THE REASONS OF AFTER WASH HOLE?
For improper application of chemical
Defect of washing machine.
FOR STONE with less L:R amount during washing
52. WHAT IS THE STANDARD R.P.M (INNER DRUM) OF INDUSTRIAL DRYER?
RPM= 24 for any volume of garments
53. IF INNER DRUM R.P.M OF WASHING M/C AND DRYER M/C IS TOO HIGH, WHAT TYPES OF
EFFECT ON GARMENTS?
If inner drum r.p.m of washing machine is high then the garments attached

with inner drum and with one another and their rotation be increase. As a result the garments become more compact
and thats why the chemical solution for washing machine and temp for dryer machine cannot work properly
towards
the garments.
54. WHAT ARE THE STD L:R FOR DESIZING, ENZYME BATH, SOFTENER BATH.
L: R for desizing 1:9.
L: R for enzyme bath 1:7.
L: R for softener bath 1:6

55. WRITE THE NAME OF STEPS OF STONE ENZYME WASH PROCESS OF DENIM LONG PANT.
Desizing
Hot wash
Enzyme wash
Bleaching
Neutral wash
Soft wash
Hydro extractor Machine
Drying
Delivery.
56. WRITE THE NAME OF STEPS OF ENZYME WASH PROCESS OF DENIM (DARK) ENZYME
WASH PROCESS.
Desizing
Enzyme
Softening
Hydro extractor Machine
Drying
Delivery.
57. WRITE THE FLOW CHART OF (MEDIUM) ENZYME WASH OF DENIM READYMADE GARMENTS.
DESIZING
2
ENZYME
3
BLEACHING
4
NEUTRALIZING
5
SOFTENING
6
HYDRO-EXTRACTOR
7
GAS DRYER
8
DELIVERY

58. WRITE THE CHEMICAL NAME OF ACID WASH PROCESS.


Desizing agent

Detergent.
Potassium per manganate.
Phosphoric acid.
Metabisulphite.
Acetic acid.
Softener

59. WHAT IS THE STANDARD STOCK SOLUTION OF P.P. SOLUTION?


Stock solutions for P.P spray is 10gm KMnO4 in 1 litre SOLn + 1% LUBRICANT
60. HOW DO YOU NEUTRALIZATION OF P.P. TREATMENT GARMENT?
Oxalic acid (COOH-COOH)

61. WRITE THE PRECAUTION OF ACID WASH.


Maintain the stock solution properly constant when comes socking the stone.
No water licks age in to the machine when treated pumic stone & garments in to the machine.
Not excess load the garments in the Acid wash processing.
Add some new stone after finishing on batch to maintain the volume for 2nd batch. It is a matter of experience.
62. WHAT TYPE OF DYES USED FOR TINTING OF READY MADE GARMENTS?
Reactive Dye, Direct dye.
63. GENERALLY WHICH COLOR IS USED FOR TINTING?
Orange (bright color), Yellow or Blue. Similar shade given colours.

64. WRITE THE MAIN TINTING PROCESS (DYEING) BY DIRECT DYES.


Step 1: Desizing: Batch size: 60pcs

Water is added
Garments are loaded
Machine started
500 gm Soda ash added
500 gm Caustic soda added
200 gm Bio. D added
Steam temp: 60C
Process time: 25 minutes
Drop liquor
Step 2: Enzyme wash:

Water added 400 liters


Machine running
200 ml liquid, 400 gm powder type enzyme added
150 ml Acetic acid added
200 gm Anti Back staining agent added
10 kg Pumice stone added
Temp: 50C
Process time: 60 minutes

Drop liquor

Step 3:Bleaching
Add water at L:R=1:8..480 litre
Machine running.
Add bleaching powder (k.c.i) at 10 gm/litre.. 4800 Gms.
Add soda ash @ 5 gm/litre ..............2400 gm
50c x15-20 mts

Drop the liquor.


Rinse twice, each 3 minutes.
Step 4: Neutral wash

Water is added: 400 liters


Machine running
500 gm Hypo sulphide added
Steam temp: 45C
Process time: 10 minutes
Drop liquor
Step 5: Tinting

Water is added (400 liters)


Machine running
Add 0.02% Direct Brown GTL and 0.01% Direct Black V-200

4kg salt is added


Steam temp: 70C
Process time: 20 minutes
Check shade
Drop the liquor
Step 6: Drying
65. WRITE THE MAIN TINTING PROCESS (DYEING) BY REACTIVE DYES.
Step 1: Desizing: Batch size: 60pcs

Water is added
Garments are loaded
Machine started
500 gm Soda ash added
500 gm Caustic soda added
200 gm Bio. D added
Steam temp: 60C
Process time: 25 minutes
Drop liquor
Step 2: Enzyme wash:

Water added 400 liters


Machine running
200 ml liquid, 400 gm powder type enzyme added

150 ml Acetic acid added


200 gm Anti Back staining agent added
10 kg Pumice stone added
Temp: 50C
Process time: 60 minutes
Drop liquor
Step 3:Bleaching

Add water at L:R=1:8..480 litre


Machine running.
Add bleaching powder (k.c.i) at 10 gm/litre.. 4800 Gms.
Add soda ash @ 5 gm/litre ..............2400 gm
50c x15-20 mts

Drop the liquor.

Rinse twice, each 3 minutes.


Step 4: Neutral wash

Water is added: 400 liters


Machine running
500 gm Hypo sulphide added
Steam temp: 45C
Process time: 10 minutes
Drop liquor
Step 5: Tinting

Water is added (400 liters)


Machine running
Add 0.03% Reactive MPL and 0.02% Reactive 300 pp
Added

4kg salt is added


Steam temp: 70C
Process time: 20 minutes
Check shade
Drop the liquor
Step 6: Drying
66. WHAT IS STANDARD BLOWING ANGLE FOR SAND BLASTING?
200
67. WHAT ARE THE MAIN INGREDIENTS FOR SAND BLASTING PROCESS?
ALUMINIUM OXIDE (Al2O3 )
68. WRITE THE APPROX. PRODUCTION/HR/GUN OF SAND BLASTING.
25-50 garments (depends on rate of fading needed)

69. WRITE THE NAME OF PROTECTIVE ITEMS FOR HEALTH IN THE SAND BLASTING PROCESS.
Mask
Hand gloves
Sound protector
Cap
Safety Glass
Apron

PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT ( PPE )

70. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY PP SPRAY?


By spray gun potassium permanganate is sprayed on garments surface.
Chemical composition: 10g kmno4 in 1 litre soln with 1% lubricant.
After desizing pp is done then neutralized by oxalic acid.
Very much body hazard.
High production rate.
PP SPRAY

71. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY PP SPONGING?


Buyer recommended PP Sponging avoiding ppspray
But manufacturer ignored it because PP sponging has low production
Manually by sponge potassium permanganate is get touched with garments
before main enzyme wash and after desizing and hot wash.
PP SPONGING

72. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF PP SPRAY?


To import smogy faded effect in garments.
73. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF PP SPONGING?
To import fading effect in specific areas (thigh,bum,knee) of garments as buyer recommended.
74. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY WHISKERING?
It is known as CATs whisker, Moustache, Honeycomb.
Its another form that shows a worn effect but fashionable garments.
HONEYCOMB
AT KNEE BOUND

Steps of Whiskering:
Plot the design (buyer) on a tracing paper
Transfer the design on ply wood
Place the rubber sheet on ply wood as the design on ply wood
Attach rubber with wood by gum to make the pattern
Enter the pattern in front opening of pant
Rub by emery paper (300,400,500) ppm
PATTERN

Thus the effect comes on garments is called WHISKERING

75. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY TAGGING?

Tag the garments (before washing) import fashionable effect after washing.
In high temperature process tag is done by knotting, high effect occur.
In low temperature process tag is done by tag gun, less effect occur

TAG GUN
KNOTTING
TAGGING EFFECTs

76. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY GRINDING?

By grinding machine totally damaged the edge of pocket,hem.

POCKET EDGE GRINDING

77. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY DESTROY?


By destroy gun a little portion (small line/circle/shape) is damaged.
After destroy tou can only see the weft (white) yarn portin.
Very much experinced labour are required.
ONLY WEFT YARNS CAN SEE at
DESTROY AREAs
DESTROY GUN
78. WHAT TYPES OF FABRICS ARE SUITABLE FOR PERMANENT CRINKLE?
Dense woven fabrics normally (twill like DENIM, plain like BABY FROK)
Single jersey ( rare case )
79. WRITE THE CHEMICAL NAME FOR PERMANENT CRINKLE ON THE GARMENT.
Stock solutions for Resin solution is 300g resin in 700L water.

Wetting agent
: 0.5% owf

Resin
: 6-10% owf

Softener
: 3-5% owf

Water
: 60-80 liters
80. WHAT IS THE STANDARD TEMPERATURE FOR PERMANENT CRINKLE ON THE OVEN?
160 0C(std.) / 40 to 60 0C (usual in HAMS)
81. WHAT IS THE STANDARD TIME IS REQUIRED FOR PERMANENT WRINKLE IN THE OVEN?
15 min (std.) /30 min (usual in HAMS)
Oven
Steam Chamber
Crinkling

82. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY OVERALL CRINKLE?


Which type of crinkle is created through the hole garments but not permanently placed, that is called overall
crinkle.
Basis on area of crinkle the overall crinkle is determined.
Overall crinkle is done in :
Mens shirt-pant, Women tops etc.

83. WHAT TYPES OF DYES ARE USED FOR 100% COTTON READYMADE GARMENTS?
Vat dye(high cost, excellent fastnes)
Reactive dye(less cost. Good fastness)
Indigo dye (better rubbing fastness)
Disperse dye
Sulphur dye
84. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY READY FOR DYEING GARMENTS?
RDG means which garments already desized,scoured,bleached.
Its colour is white. It is clean and ready to treat with dye.
85. WRITE THE MAIN/FIRST STEP OF READY FOR DYEING PROCESS.
Good pretreatment (DESIZING)
86. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY SUPER WHITE PROCESS?

Which washing process creates white garments made of cotton grey fabrics is called super white process, it just
severly washed out the colour of garments by extreme bleach action then brightening the garments.
87. WRITE THE CHEMICAL NAMES WHICH ARE USED FOR SUPER WHITE PROCESS.
Detergent
Caustic soda(COLD)
Soda ash
Hydrogen per oxide
Stabilizer
Acetic acid
Optical brightener agent
88. Write the Dyeing bath process of Pigment Dyes for cotton readymade Garment.
Pigment dyes are useful to give a washdown casual look on leisurewear. These dyes are less precise than reactive
dyes as colour matching cannot be so precisely achieved. This is because the process involves 3 main stages. The
first stage is to treat the fabric with a cationic product. This in effect makes the fabric more readily accept pigment
dye molecules that do not really penetrate the fibres as other dye types but tend to sit on the surface of the fabric.
This quality is how the washdown look is reached in the second stage.
The second stage is applying the pigment dye. With the machine turning quite quickly the pigment dye in liquid
form, rather like paint, is introduced into the machine and is dispersed over the fabric. The machine turns quickly to
ensure an even dispersal. During this part of the process the mechanical action of the machine and the fabrics
rubbing on each other knocks off some of the dye. The dye is reduced particularly from the high spots such as
seams, hems pocket edges and so forth. There is no separate washdown process as this dye cycle is usually sufficient
to achieve the required look. As the dye only sits on the surface removing some of it by mechanical action reveals
the undyed fibre. This gives the worn look associated with pigment dyes.

The third stage involves processing with a binder. This is designed to keep the pigment dye attached to the surface of
the fabric. Of course there are various rinse stages between the main processes and the final stage is usually a
softening bath.
You will see how the result is dependent on completing all stages and a fair amount of mechanical action. This is
why it is not practical to do lab dips as you would for reactive dyes. It is also why you need to process a number of
garments together even when sampling to produce the desired effect.
Pigment dye molecules are relatively large and easily filtered at water treatment plants and are therefore considered
to be eco friendly. They are also processed at generally lower temperatures than reactive dyes and the process time is
shorter. These factors further contribute to their eco friendly status.
Some advantages of pigment dyes include their ability to cover non-cotton fabrics at least to certain extent. So for
example, some of our customers buy basic T-shirts and sweatshirts in white, which are nearly always sewn with
polyester thread. (Polyester thread will not dye at all with reactive dye). This means the seams and other sewn parts;
button holes etc will accept at least some of the pigment dye. A white T-shirt dyed with reactive dye but sewn with
polyester thread will dye perfectly to any shade but the stitching will remain white. Of course garments known as
PFD prepared for dyeing will be sewn with cotton thread and this is ideal as they can be dyed with any dye type
and the stitching will dye too.
Some types of cotton knits, often the lower quality ones, may pill to a certain extent with the mechanical action
during pigment dyeing. This can usually be corrected with an enzyme treatment, which removes the pilling, and
smoothes the fabrics.
Pigment dyes can give a huge variety of shades including bright colours. They do have limitations when trying to
reach very dark or deep shades. For example a deep black is not possible, using pure black pigment will result in a
dark grey. Also unlike reactive dyes pigment dyes cannot be stripped. They may be modified by applying another
shade on the top to lighten or change the appearance but you cannot remove all the colour and start again.
If you would like any further information about pigment dyeing please contact us.
As leading garment dyers we work for manufacturers, designers and importers across the UK. We offer you high
quality garment dyeing using the best reactive dyes for levelness, colourfastness and reproducibility. Garment
dyeing can help you reduce your stocks and enable you to offer more choice and faster repeat orders to your
customers. By holding your stock in undyed form you can make decisions about shades later in the production cycle.
Also by garment dyeing you reduce the risk of surplus stocks of slow selling shades as well as producing garments
which have a more luxurious feel than garments made from dyed fabric. If you are already familiar with garment
dyeing you will know that garments should be sewn with cotton thread and allowance made for shrinkage. We are
very happy to help advise you if garment dyeing is new territory for you.
We use only safe non toxic dyes from industry leading European suppliers. More about non toxic dyes.
In addition we offer:
Pigment garment dyeing for the washdown vintage look. More about pigment dyeing.
Enzyme treatments and bleaching treatments for denim garments.
Poly/viscose lightweight garment dyeing is one of our specialities.
Traditional wool scouring and felting and water resist treatments.
Corrective work on imported garments. Eg. We recently corrected 25,000
pairs of shorts for a premier division football club. Red dye from the trim
was leeching into the white fabric. We fixed this.
Great colour matching skills to pantone colours or your own shades.
A fast turn round for samples and production.
Our dyehouse manager is one of the most experienced garment dyers in Europe he is a Chartered Colourist and a
member of the Society of Dyers and Colourists.
Sulfast dyes:

Sulfast dyes are of the conventional class of Sulphur dyes and find their main use in the dyeing of
cellulosics and their blends. They are insoluble in water but can be converted into their leuco form using a
reducing agent like sodium sulphide, in which state they have a high affinity for the fibre.
Sulfast dyes exhibit good all round fastness properties except for hypochlorite bleaching.
General Application Methods:Sulfast dyes can be applied in the following ways:
1. Jigger Dyeing - Batch wise.
2. Drum Dyeing - Garments.
3. Warp sheet dyeing - Denim.
Solfast dyes:
Solfast dyes are water-soluble dyes but having no substantivity. Hence can be applied by the pigmenting
system to allow the dye to fully penetrate the substrate by padding (as in the case of woven fabrics) or by
package dyeing (as in the case of yarn) and then reduced at a later stage. This helps to ensure better
penetration and level dyeing
Application Methods:Solfast dyes can be applied in the following ways
1. Package (Cone or Cheese) Dyeing.
2. Pad Steam
3. Pad Batch
4. Pad Dry Chemical Pad.
5. Warp Sheet dyeing.
Texcron Pigment Dyeing System:
The Texcron Pigment Dyeing system is a revolutionary concept, which has been the result of our R & D
efforts to provide the garment-dyeing sector with a product range, which is great for fashion. This range
provides excellent wash down effects (only pigments can), which are so much in vogue today. The salient
features of this system are:
The dyeing system is easy on the effluent!
Excellent wash down effects!
Clean and level dyeing!
Good all round fastness!
Easy to use!
Cost effective!
The application consist of the following steps:
1. Textreat: A process wherein a charge is created in the fabric, providing an affinity for the
pigment.
2. Pigmentation: Actual exhaustion of pigment onto the fabric.
3. Fixation: Treating the pigment dyed garments with a specialty Binder and Fixer to
provide good Fastness.
Magna products:
Magna is a UK based company, and a leading provider of innovative products and services for the textile

dyeing and printing sectors.


1. Specialty printing products.
2. Indigo discharge system (paste and spray).
Textile auxiliaries
Processing of Textile material involves the use of diverse types of chemicals to perform various functions. These
compounds are called Textile auxiliaries or textile chemicals. These chemicals are used in the processing of different
substrates and are also used in giving value addition to the processed fabric.
The chemicals can be broadly classified in to three categories like
1 PRETREATMENT 2 COLOURATION 3 FINISHING

PRETREATMENT
Application

Product

Brief description

1 Silicone defoamer

Sulfanol SIL

Effectively controls foam in high


turbulence machines.

2 Non Silicone Defoamer

Sulfanol NSIL

Non silicone based foam suppressant for


high turbulence machines.

3 Wetting & rewetting agent

Sulfanol WRW Excellent instant wetting & rewetting agent


for all substrates.

4 Wetting agent

Sulfanol WET

5 Stain remover

Sulfanol HPSR Effective stain remover and scouring agent


for removal of grease, oil, etc.

6 Wetting & detergent.

Sulfanol WDET Highly efficient wetting and detergent


stable to alkali.

7 Low foam Detergent

Sulfanol WDLF Highly efficient wetting and scouring agent


for high turbulence machines.

8 Scouring & wetting agent.

Sulfanol CTD

Highly efficient wetting and scouring agent


for all substrates.

High alkali stable wetter cum detergent for


scouring and bleaching.

9 High temperatures sequestrant Sulfaxil HTS

Very efficient for chelation of heavy metals


and elimination of calcium, magnesium
and ferrous precipitates.

10 Low Temperature sequestrant Sulfaxil LTSN

Non foaming high dispersing and


sequestering agent for feed water for all
stages of operation.

11 Low Temperature sequestrant Sulfaxil LTS

High chelatio, high dispersing agent for


water of high hardness.

12 Lubricating agent

Sulfaxil LUBE Reduces fibre to fibre friction during all


stages of processing and also reduces
weight loss during processing.

13 Peroxide stabilizer

Sulfaxil OS

Non-silicate based organic stabilizer for


controlled bleaching with peroxide to get
max whiteness without tendering the
fabric.

14 Scouring & wetting agent

Sulfanol NIW

Low cost highly efficient scouring cum


wetting agent.

15 Scouring cum stain remover

Sufanol WTI

Unique stain remover cum scouring agent


especially for synthetic fabrics and its
blend.

16 Low foaming Detergent

Sulfanol EC-LF Ecofriendly Low foaming wetting cum


scouring agent for any type of machine.

COLOURATION
Application

Product

Brief description

1 Silicone defoamer

Sulfanol SIL

Effective foam suppressant in dyeing


especially in disperse dyeing.

2 Non Silicone Defoamer

Sulfanol NSIL

Non silicone based defoamer which can


work as a deaerating agent.

3 Wetting & rewetting agent

Sulfanol WRW

Excellent instant wetting for substrates


while dyeing.

4 Wetting agent

Sulfanol WET

Efficient wetting agent for all substrates


during dyeing.

5 Dye fixing agent

Sulfaxil FX

Improves wash fastness properties of


Reactive and Direct dyes.

6 Non Formaldehyde dye fixing Sulfaxil NFX


agent

Improves wash fastness properties of


Reactive and Direct dyes, releases no
formaldehyde.

7 Non Formaldehyde dye fixing Sulfaxil NFX


agent
Ultra

Formaldehyde free ,for premium goods


Improves wash fastness properties of
Reactive and Direct dyes, does not affect
the light fastness properties.

8 High temperature sequestrant Sulfaxil HTS

Very efficient for chelation of heavy metals


and elimination of calcium, magnesium
and ferrous precipitates.

9 Low Temperature sequestrant Sulfaxil LTSN

Non foaming high dispersing and


sequestering agent for feed water for all
stages of operation.

10 Low Temperature sequestrant Sulfaxil LTS

High chelation, high dispersing agent for


water of high hardness.

11 Lubricating agent

Sulfaxil LUBE

It assists easy circulation of Liquor in


cheese dyeing and overcomes the filtration
effect.

12 Non- foaming, fastness


improver

Sulfaxil SNS

Ecofriendly, non-foaming, fastness


improver during coloration with good
chelating, dispersing action on metal
impurities present in the process water.

13 Washing off agent

Sulfaxil WOF

Helps in avoiding tinting of adjacent


fabrics, effective in hard water and ideal as
a continuous soaper.

14 Acid buffer

Sulfaxil HPAB

Provides efficient buffering system during


dyeing and printing, regulates pH through
out the processing cycle.

15 Anti back staining agent

Sulfaxil ABS

Very good anti back staining agent for


denims in garment processing.

16 Oxidizing agent

Sulfaxil ECOX

Effective oxidizing agent for Sulfur and vat


dyes from the leuco to the insoluble state.

17 Reducing agent

Sulfaxil RUDC

Excellent reducing agent for sulphur black


Liquids and solubilised sulphur.

18 Antioxidant

Sulfaxil AOIY

An effective antioxidant for dye bath


stability during sulphur dyeing.

19 Mordenting agent

Sulfaxil ALZET Mordanting agent for sulphur dyeing.

20 Cationising agent

Sulfaxil SLFX

21 Peroxide neutralizer

Sulfaxil Neutrox Excellent peroxide neutralizer, gives


uniform results without affecting dyeing in
one bath.

22 Soda ash Replacement

Sulfaxil SAR

It is a replacement of soda ash in reactive


dyeing.
It reduces TDS of the bath

23 Acetic acid Replacement

Sulfaxil G Acid

It is a complete replacement of Acetic Acid


in all process.

24 Mild Oxidizing Agent for


Polyester

Sulfaxil AR

It's improving the reproducibility and


colour yield of disperse dyes, which is
sensitive to alkaline condition.

25 Lubricating Agent

Sulfaxil ACE

It assists easy circulation of Liquor in


cheese dyeing and overcomes the filtration
effect.

26 Peroxide stabilizer

Sulfaxil OS

Non-silicate based organic stabilizer for


controlled bleaching with peroxide to get
max whiteness without tendering the
fabric.

27 Dye Bath Conditioner

SULFAXIL DBC It is a high performance dye bath


conditioner especially for yarn wet
processing. It will maintain the package
density uniformly thus preventing any
chanell formation.

28 Fastness Improver

SULFAXIL AD It is a high performance eco friendly


fastness improver during coloration with
good chelating, dispersing action on metal
impurities present in the process water.

Fixing agent for pigment dyeing without


using binder.

FINISHING
Application

Product

Brief description

1 Wetting & rewetting agent

Sulfanol WRW Excellent wetting agent and can be used


with softener to improve the absorbency.

2 Non Yellow cationic softener

Sulfanine CS

Very effective softener for cotton goods


with minimal thermal yellowing

Cationic softener in liquid form Sulfanine PWS Very good softener for cotton and
Liquid
especially for terry towel, retains
hydrophilicity of the substrate.

4 Hot soluble conc. Softener in


Flakes form

Sulfanine HWS Dilutable softener which can be used along


Flakes
with stitch lubricant.

5 Cold soluble conc. Softener in Sulfanine CWS Easily dilutable softener, which has
Flakes form
Flakes
minimal effect on the treated fabric.
6

Warm water soluble conc.


Softener in Flakes form

Sulfanine NIS
Flakes

Easily dilutable softener, which imparts


full soft handle & surface smooth ness on
both garments and fabrics.

Non-ionic softener in paste


form

Sulfanine NIP

Can be applied on all types of fabrics to


achieve soft and full handle. can be applied
by padding and also by exhaust.

8 Silicone softener

Sulfanine DM

Specialty softener, which imparts softness


with a wet feel with body.

9 Silicone softener

Sulfanine HNY A non-yellowing softener, which imparts


antistatic finish with hydrophilicity.

10 Nonionic softener

Sulfanine DR

Thermo stable micro-emulsion for spun/


spun x spun /textured shirting, suiting,
dress material and garments.

11 Antiozonate softener

Sulfanine AOZ Antiozonate softener for denim to prevent


ozone fading by storage.

12 Yarn Lubricant

Sulfanine GYL Lubricating agent to control yarn to yarn &


yarn to metal friction with softness.

13 Silicone softener

Sulfanine PAS

14 Silicone softener

Sulfanine MAS Silicone micro emulsion, gives excellent


inner softness and silky touch to the all
type of fabric.

15 Silicone softener

Sulfanine DMN Speciality softener, which imparts softness


with a wet feel with body.

16 Hydrophilic Softener

Sulfanine Hydra Non-Yellowing hydrophilic softener with


antistatic properties.

17 Hydrophilic Softener

Sulfanine USIL Non-Yellowing hydrophilic softener with


smooth and soft feel.

Silicone micro emulsion to impart


excellent surface softness with bulk to the
all type of fabric.

18 Yarn Lubricant
Cum
Fibre Finish

Sulfanine EYSL It is a high performance exhaustible yarn


lubricant , designed to impart optimum
coefficient of yarn to yarn and yarn to
metal friction. In addition,It gives uniform
soft handle to the treated yarn.

Enzymes
The trend today is towards garment processing. This is because garment processing offers the processor better and
more varied opportunities to add value to the garments in terms of fashionable looks as well as feel. In such a fast
changing scenario, Enzymes are playing an important role.
Sulfast Chemical Industries with its indepth knowledge of the Textile and Fashion Industry has a whole range of
enzymes to offer to the processor.
Desizing:
This in simple terms is a process to remove the size from the cotton fabric. 'Size' is nothing but the add-on impurities
to the cotton fibre to prevent the yarn from breakage during mechanical processing. The most common size
ingredients are starch, gums, waxes and some synthetic sizes. Depending on the size composition, various blends of
amylases, lipases or proteases are used.
Current Products:
Sulfazyme A5X
Sulfazyme AX
Bio-scouring:
Scouring is the process of removing the natural impurities in cotton like oils, fats and waxes. Conventional scouring
involves the use of highly alkaline chemicals like sodium hydroxide and scouring agents, which not only attack the
impurities but also the cellulose leading to a reduction in strength of the fabric. The resultant feel of the fabric is also
harsh. The load on the effluent is also higher.
Bio-scouring offers an alternative, where the partial replacement with an enzymatic scouring agent provides an
environmentally friendly process which also leaves the fabric with a softer handle.
Current Products:
Sulfazyme SCRL
Biowashing/Bio-fading:
The denim garments are given various treatments to impart novel looks. Cellulases play an active role in producing
the stonewashing effects, salt-pepper effect etc. Traditionally this is done with the use of pumic stones where the
abrasion can also damage the garment. In contrast cellulase enzymes provide the worn-out look in a more gentle
manner.
Bio-polishing:
In the wet processing of garments (denim or non-denim, woven or knits), there is a resultant hairiness on the surface
of the fabric. Bio-polishing is the enzymatic treatment given to garments to give the following effects:
1. Removes the protruding fibres from the surface by hydrolyzing them.
2. No pilling, or hariness .
3. Provides a smooth and clean look.
4. Imparts a soft feel to the fabric.
Sulfast Chemical Industries has developed a range of enzymes, blended with different activity types to suit various
needs.
Current Products:
Sulfazyme BSP, Sulfazyme BCA, Sulfazyme CAL, Sulfazyme DXP/DXPI, Sulfazyme BPL, Sulfazyme NP pdr,
Sulfazyme NL liq., Sulfazyme SPG pdr Sulfazyme FDX pdr, Sulfazyme BSR etc.
Peroxide Killers:
Residual hydrogen peroxide must be removed from the fabric after bleaching treatments, which would otherwise be
detrimental to subsequent processing. Catalayse enzymes can be used to work specifically on residual peroxide as an

anti-oxidant breaking it down into natural elements of water and oxygen without adversely affecting the fibres or
dyes.
Current Products:
Sulfazyme APN
Tinting enzymes:
Sulfast Chemical Industries has successfully developed a range of various tint enzymes that do the dual work of biowashing and tinting in a one-step process. These enzymes incorporate the use of natural dyes and surprisingly offer
good fastness as well.
Current Products:
Sulfazyme TNZ series.
Application

Product

Brief description

1 Desizing

Sulfanol WRW

Alpha amylase enzyme for


desizing of
garments/fabric containing sizes
with starch and starch derivatives.

2 Desizing

Sulfazyme AX Cost effective alpha amylase


enzyme.

3 Bio-scouring

Sulfazyme
SCRL

4 Bio-polishing

Sulfazyme BSP Genetically modified trichoderma


spp. enzyme for
biopolishing/biowashing of
cotton/denim garments

5 Bio-polishing

Sulfazyme
BCA

6 Biopolishing/Biowashing

Sulfazyme CAL Fungal acid cellulase enzyme


which provides high level of
abrasion to the garments.

7 Bio-polishing / Biofading

Sulfazyme
DXP

Cost effective acid cellulase


enzyme which gives both biopolishig and bio-fading effects.

8 Bio-polishing / Biofading

Sulfazyme
DXPi

Cost effective acid cellulase


enzyme which gives both biopolishig and bio-fading effects.

9 Bio-polishing / Biofading

Sulfazyme BPL Cost effective acid cellulase


enzyme with superior bio-polishing
and lesser fading.

10 Back-stain removal

Sulfazyme
BSR

Engineered component of cellulase


enzyme designed to remove
backstaining as an aftertreatment.

11 Bio-polishing

Sulfazyme
FDX pdr

Acid cellulase in powder form for


low back-staining.

Pectinase Enzyme for bioscouring


of Knitts and woven
fabrics,imparting softness to the
fabric.

Fungal acid cellulase enzyme for


bio-polishing

12 Bio-polishing

Sulfazyme NP Pseudo neutral enzyme for good


Pdr
bio-polishing with low colour
pull.Ideal for pigment dyed
garments.

13 Bio-polishing

Sulfazyme NL Pseudo neutral enzyme for good


Liq.
bio-polishing with low colour
pull.Ideal for pigment dyed
garments.

14 Peroxide Killer

Sulfazyme
APN

Effective bio-catalyst in removal of


peroxide.

15 Bio-washing / Fading

Sulfazyme
SPGpdr

Neutral enzyme for good grains


and puckering effects on denim
garments.

16 Bio-fading / Tinting

Sulfazyme
TNZ series

Bio-fading enzymes that provide


excellent, wash fast tints in one
bath process.

89. Write the Dyeing bath process of Sulphur Dyes for cotton Readymade Garment.
I AM STUDYING ON IT Q: 88, 89

90. WRITE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SAND BLASTING AND HANDS SCRAPING.


Sand Blasting
1) It is a mechanical process.

Hands Scraping
1)It is a semi-mechanical process.

2) Sand get friction with garments by


gun.

2) Friction is occurred by emerypaper .

3) Effect srayed into whole texture.

3)Effect occurs at surface of garments.

4) High production.

4)Less production.

5) Body hazard (silicosis).

5)Buyer recommended process.

6) Less yarn character.

6)More yarn texture.

Faruk Ovi : am