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Definition of turn taking

Turn-taking is a fundamental type of organization in conversation where


participants speak one at a time and alternate turns at speaking. In practice, it
involves processes for constructing contributions, responding to previous
comments, and transitioning between speakers.[1] Conversation participants use
a variety of linguistic and non-linguistic cues to accomplish these tasks.
In conversation analysis, turn-taking is a term for the manner in which orderly
conversation normally takes place.
Once a topic is chosen and a conversation initiated, then matters of
conversational 'turn-taking' arise. Knowing when it is acceptable or obligatory to
take a turn in conversation is essential to the cooperative development of
discourse. This knowledge involves such factors as knowing how to recognize
appropriate turn-exchange points and knowing how long the pauses between
turns should be. It is also important to know how (and if) one may talk while
someone else is talking--that is, if conversational overlap is allowed. Since not all
conversations follow all the rules for turn-taking, it is also necessary to know how
to 'repair' a conversation that has been thrown off course by undesired overlap
or a misunderstood comment.
-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turn-taking
-http://grammar.about.com/od/tz/g/turntakingterm.htm

Definition of interrupting
To interrupt someone is to interfere in their activity, disrupt their
conversation, or to disturb their peace and quiet.
to ask questions or say things while another person is speaking : to do or
say something that causes someone to stop speaking
-https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/interrupt
-http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/interrupt

Definition of sustaining talk


to open a conversation, and it is another to keep it going

http://changingminds.org/techniques/conversation/sustaining/sustaining.h
tm

definition of paralinguistic features


Paralinguistic features in verbal communication are the vocal signals
beyond the basic verbal message. Paralinguistic elements in a person's
speech convey meaning beyond the words and grammar used. Examples
of paralinguistic features include pitch, rate, quality of voice and
amplitude.
Forms of paralanguage can also include laughter or imitative speech.
Prosody, which is the rhythm, pattern, stress and intonation of a person's
speech, is also a form of paralanguage.
People express meaning not just in what they say but in the way they say
it. The paralinguistic features employed by a speaker provide nuanced
meaning, communicate attitudes and convey emotion.
Paralinguistic features alert the listener as to how to interpret the
message. Many of these paralinguistic features are culturally coded and
inherent in verbal communication, often at a subconscious level. For
example, a normal volume of speaking in the United States is perceived as
aggressive in many other societies. Often, though, people consciously
utilize paralanguage. For example, when someone is saying something
sarcastically, he or she may adjust the intonations used.
Some linguists and people who study communications expand the scope
of paralinguistic features to include non-vocal components as well, such as
facial expressions, body positioning and movements, and hand gestures
Paralinguistics is an aspect of communication that conveys information
distinctly from other forms of language. The way the voice is used as well
as the way people use their bodies while communicating sends powerful,
yet subtle messages to people.
-https://www.reference.com/business-finance/paralinguistic-featurescommunication-803129cb05678a26
https://educationalresearchtechniques.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/paralin
guistic-language-features/