You are on page 1of 10

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS

Report

1. Introduction

The main scope of this report is to estimate the total resistance using Shipflow
program based on a viscous flow calculation, for an oil tanker with the following
characteristics:
- Length between perpendiculars, Lpp= 100.7 [m]
- Moulded breadth, B=18.2 [m]
- Mean draught, TM=6.4 [M]
- Bloc coefficient, CB = 0.81
The mentioned program use the XCHAP command, a command which defines finite
volume code that solves the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations.
2. Lines fairing
The Lines Plan was generated using Rhinoceros software, because NURBS surfaces
have better control on the curvatures of the surfaces. It was generated more
sections in the midship zone and new curves needed adjustments and they were
refined by fairing.
3. Offset file
After the fairing process, the lines is plan is exported as points define by x, y, z
coordinates in Excel. This file describes the geometry of the ship as it has been
exported from Rhinoceros software.
The exported coordinates are divided in to below sections:
I. BULB
II. HULL
III. STERN
IV. BULBSTERN

Fig. 1 Offset file

4. Grid generation
Generation of the grid was made using Shiflow template called vcoarse (very
coarse) with a global approach.
From the OUTPUT file below data are obtained:
OVERLAPPING GRID SECTION
RESISTANCE
No of frames
:4
CF( Frictional resist. coeff. ) : 1.658E-03
No of grids
:4
CP( Pressure resist. coeff. )
: 1.005ENo of points
: 1213023
03
No of interpolation cells : 0
CT (Total resist. coeff. )
: 2.186E-03
No of discretization cells: 1361781
S
( Wetted surface / L**2 )
: 0.2701
No of outside cells
: 342
Total no of cells
: 136212

5. Numerical simulation
Command file 1:
xflow
title ( titl=".. XCHAP" )
program ( xchap )
hulltype ( mono, vof, wtra )
offsetfile( iges=".._iges.igs", zori=6.4, lpp=100.7 )
vship ( vknot=[15], reflen=100.7 )
end
xgrid
size ( vcoarse, global )
end
xchap
paral ( nproc=4 )
cont ( start, adi, maxit = 15000 )
end
Considering the water properties and the XOFFGEN module, the command line
become as follows:
xflo
titl(titl=" XCHAP")
prog(xcha)
hull(mono,vof,wtra,h1gr="main",fbgr="bulb",abgr="boss",ogrp="aft")
offs (zori=6.4,lpp=100.7,ysig=1,xaxd=1,xori=100.7,file="../off_mihaela_ iges")
vshi(rn=[7.675931274900398e08],fn=[0.246576610235898])
control (exepath="C:\FLOWTECH\SHIPFLOW6.0.03x86_64\bin\..\\bin/",runid="C:\Users\Student\Desktop\MB_XCHAP_NEW\......_xchap

_RUN_DIR",rundir="C:\Users\Student\Desktop\MB_XCHAP_NEW\........_xchap_RU
N_DIR",casedir="C:\Users\Student\Desktop\MB_XCHAP_NEW")
end
xgri
size(vcoa,glob)
offs(h1gr="main",fbgr="bow",abgr="boss",ogrp="aft")
end
xcha
para(npro=4)
cont(star,adi,maxi=15000)
vof(rhor=0.01)
end
6. Results
6.1 XCHAP Iteration History

6.2 (VOF) Viscous free surface

6.3 Wave cut profile

6.4 Total resistance


Using provided data by the Caeses program the total resistance, R T is calculated
with below formula:

RT =0.5 C T S v 2
Where:

CT =0.002186
S=L2 0.2701=2738.94 m2
RT =174.7 kN