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International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Engineering (IJETE)

Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2016, ISSN 2348 8050

Plastic Recycling to Produce Fuel


Abtihal Khalid Omar Al-Zadjali1, Santosh Walke2
1, 2

Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, Caledonian College of Engineering, Oman

ABSTRACT
The world carried with the revolution of technologies
that appears every day. These technologies occupied the
fossil fuels as a main source for energy and that affected
negatively in the economics which generates shortage in
fuels and increasing the pollution range.
For that, the world`s scientists started finding solutions
for covering this shortage in fuels by creating new fuel
source which may be helpful for saving the fossil fuel
sources. They thought that unwanted materials that
called as waste could be a suitable fuel source, so they
searched for the best waste material which could be
converted into a type of fuel.
The scientist satisfied that the plastic waste is a best
choice of waste which could be converted into a fuel and
gave perfect results. They decided to select plastic
recycling as the root solution for solving that problem.
Based on that, plastic fuels have a non-decays property
and need external force to apply in order to be melt and
mixed with catalyst which helps to complete this work
easily. Condensing the coming vapors after melting the
plastic wastes by using simple condensing method
would provide a critical solution that achieved the
purpose of this project.
Moreover, project design & validation is tested in
Caledonian College of Engineering in Al Hail Campus.
Additional features like expand the amount of raw
material and present the idea for the competent
industries can be designed for future work to make it
more unique and different from what has been given in
previously.
Keywords: Pollution, Plastic, Recycling, Fuel, Waste.

I.

INTRODUCTION

Expanding of contamination reach on the earth surface


and dissemination of ailments are the fundamental
reasons that make the researcher ponders the causative
that offer ascent to contamination and attempt to
decrease the utilizations that considered a storm cellar of
it. They found that the fundamental contamination
causative is the misuse of the human's use. Researcher
confirmed that the waste is characterized as any

undesirable material that disposed of after its essential


utilized or useless. Waste separated into numerous key
classifications in light of the kind of material utilized, for
example, plastic waste, water waste, concoction waste,
atomic waste and inorganic waste. The best sort of waste
that causes a major issue is the plastic waste. Under the
modern upheaval, the world supplanted every single
overwhelming material with light and unbreakable
materials, for example, plastic. Plastic is a standout
amongst the most vital items that framed from
petrochemicals refining. It got to be normal on the planet
and coursed due to its shoddy cost that made it a part of
any made item. Higher sub-atomic mass with high
number of rehashing units, made the plastic common in
the general public day by day employments. Plastic is
broadly utilized however resistant it is not an
immaculate item.

II.

EXPERIMENTAL WORK

The experimental set-up of that project has many


specific dimensions that should be considered while
dealing which either the chemicals or the physical
materials.
Before start preparing the chemical part of the project,
the design has to be calculated and prepared well in
order to reduce the risks and avoid any leakage of the
chemicals which had been used.
i. Design Preparation:
In the way of making the sketches that had been
prepared last semester, the required apparatus have to be
reserved. And an arrangement has to done for working
on the laboratory with the equipment which the design
needed.
The design of a reactor with hard metal which avoid any
leakage from it. That reactor has to be fixed above the
heating apparatus which has to be maintained at high
temperature required. Then the condensed has to be
fixed with stand and connected with the reactor by the
first end. The second end of the condenser has to connect
with the beaker which has to be used for collecting the
outcomes. The other holes which the condenser includes
have to be closed to control any unexpected actions.

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www.ijete.org

International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Engineering (IJETE)


Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2016, ISSN 2348 8050

Based on that design, the chemicals also have to be


prepared. The list of chemicals includes LDPE (low
density polyethylene) which used as a sample of plastic
waste and which can be finding as water bottles which
made of plastic. Those bottles have to be cutting into
small size which presents as plastic chips.

The standard charts of GC tests of different types of fuel


and the samples achieved by the project are expressed
below:
For Gasoline:

Fig.3: GC test of Gasoline


Fig. 1: Sample Collection
For kerosene:

Fig. 4: GC Test of Kerosene


Fig 2: Experimental Set-up
For Diesel:
For getting better product, two types of catalyst have to
be used. The two catalysts should to be the cheapest
catalysts and available in every laboratory. Those two
catalysts are FeCl3 and Al2O3. After using them, the
comparison of the products comes while using each of
them has to be done in way of finding the better catalyst
for that process which gives a best result.
ii. Gas Chromatography Analysis:
The gas chromatography instrument expressed the
components that injected by different peaks with the
different values based upon the mixture of the sample
and the solvent which had been used.

Fig 5: GC Test of Diesel

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www.ijete.org

International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Engineering (IJETE)


Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2016, ISSN 2348 8050

For Jet fuel:

III.

CONCLUSION

Plastic reusing to create fuel decide as an appropriate


answer for minimize the plastic waste and endeavor it
into valuable material that can be utilized for different
purposes. These days, reusing got to be best technique
for securing the ecological issues in light of its positive
side, for example, expense and quality.
This anticipates will be as radical answer for some
contamination parts, and it will help the business to use
them asset as opposed to transfer it. It might contribute
in shielding our planet from sickness' diffusing and some
other inconveniences may wreck the life on the earth.
Fig. 6: GC test of Jet fuel

For first sample (fuel resulted by using FeCl3):

Reusing the plastic was considered under the best


venture for diminishing the contamination range keeping
in mind the end goal to make another fuel`s source
without devastating the normal sources with a
straightforward technique cost economically.
The papers`s goals had been accomplished by delivering
fuel sort by just utilizing the waste which can be found
in the landfills and which the general population won`t
use it once more. Additionally the undertaking
accomplished the reason for delivering the fuel by the
most straightforward way that can be connected in any
industry either the business was little or substantial. The
materials utilized as a part of the undertaking which is
the impetus is the least expensive impetus that reflect in
sparing the expense.

Fig. 7: GC test of first sample

For second sample (fuel resulted by using Al2O3):

The energizes that gathered from the venture work has


the same properties of lamp oil fuel after the correlation
between the fuel gathered from the exploratory work of
the task and alternate sorts of fuel. The testing strategies
that had been utilized to check the primary properties of
the fuel delivered from the task and guarantee wherever
the fuel is coordinating with the properties of the
standard sort of fuel.
This framework has a future extension on extended that
keep every individual reaction about minimizing its
waste and apply this strategy in each industry..

REFERENCES

Fig. 8: GC Test of second sample

[1] Bishop.L, Pollution prevention. International editon.


Singapore: University of Cincinnati, 2000
[2] Curran.W, Industrial waste treatment handbook.
second edition. London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2014.

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www.ijete.org

International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Engineering (IJETE)


Volume 3 Issue 6, June 2016, ISSN 2348 8050

[3] Foster.A, X Drilling and completion. contemporary


approach coupled with traditional techniques tackles
extreme welbore environment in schoonebeek heavy,
24(4), 2014. pp.14-15.
[4] Hacke.C, 1998. Environmental and natural resource
economics. first edition. New York: library of congress
catalogng.
[5] Hester.R, 2014. Issues in environmental science and
technology. second edition. Austria: Royal Society of
Chemistry.

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