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Motor skill development of a baby is outwardly from the center and from head to legs (Oswalt, 2007).
Generally, the young children's motor development includes seven milestones. The first milestone is
"infant roll their body" around 4 age in months (Oswalt, 2007). "They begin to roll their body from
their belly to their back on their own." (Oswalt, 2007) The second milestone is "sitting without support",
infant should be able to sit by herself/himself without external support around 3.7 to 9.4 age in months
(World Health Organization, n.d. ). The third milestone is "standing with assistance", infant should be
able to stand by herself/himself with external support, such parent and holding a table, around 4.7 to 11.7
age in months (World Health Organization, n.d. ). The fourth milestone is "hands-&-knees crawling",
infant should be able to crawl by using her/his hands and knees around 5.0 to 13.9 age in months (World
Health Organization, n.d. ). The fifth milestone is "walking with assistance", infant should be able to
walk by herself/himself with external support, such as holding caregiver's hands, around 5.8 to 14.1 age
in months (World Health Organization, n.d. ). The sixth milestone is "standing alone", infant should be
able to stand by herself/himself without external support around 6.8 to 17.4 age in months (World Health
Organization, n.d. ). They can stand for a longer period start from 10 age in month (Oswalt, 2007).
The final milestone is "walking alone", toddler should be able to walk by herself/himself without external
support around 8.0 to 18.0 age in months (World Health Organization, n.d.).
There are six babies’ record from the interview.

Those baby are labelled as baby A, B, C, D, E and

F. The developmental age of baby A is around 8.0 to 18.0 age in months because baby A can already
walk by himself without assistance. The developmental age of baby B is around 4.7 to 11.7 age in

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but she still needs help when walking.8 to 17. Higher education level of the parents also promotes baby development because the higher education level. but baby B is still unable to walk. E. Higher self-esteem and well- being encourage infant willingness to explore the environment and practice their muscle which promote infant motor skill development.0 to 13. more likely the parents are able to get suitable information to rear their baby and less affected by lay practices. but baby C is still unable to stand alone without assistance. and F are 14. Actual age of baby B. The developmental age of baby C is around 5.4 ages in months because baby E can already stand by herself without assistance.8 to 14. the babies are reared by their own parents. 2014). 15 and 4 age in months respectively which are within their corresponding developmental age. The developmental age of baby D is around 5.9 age in months because baby D can crawl but needs assistance when standing and does not know how to walk yet. such as crying infant should be ignored. Actual age of baby A. stand and walk. The developmental age of baby E is around 6. 19 and 14 age in months respectively. accounting. For example. both of them have certain degree of delay of development by comparing actual age and developmental age and baby C has the largest difference between actual age and developmental age. parents of baby A will try to catch the attention of the baby in order to guide the baby to crawl. Parents with occupation such as businessman.months because baby B can stand up with assistance. C and D are 14. 2. The developmental age of baby F is around 4 age in months because baby F can roll his body only. E. Supportive family enhances infant self-esteem and well-being (LaFortune. nurse etc should have higher 2 . and F are supportive. Families of the baby A.1 age in months because baby C can walk with assistance.

they are not the main caregiver and the time of such actions are limited. with high parental involvement. Parents of the baby B. the hinder effect of baby walker to baby E is not significant. 2007). it may imply that repeat wording to baby may be can promote development of baby talking ability. As an infant needs to practice their skill. Baby A and D are the earliest ones who can talk among the six babies’ record from the interview and parents of the baby D should be less supportive. C and D are less supportive. E. Occupations of parents of baby C are beautician and freelancer which implies that their income are relatively unstable. Relative low education level may affects parent ability to get suitable information to rear their baby and more likely to affected by lay practices. 3 .income allow they can provide more resources to their baby which stimulate baby’s development and resources such as toys can allow baby to practice their motor skills. such as crying infant should be ignored. using a baby walker may decrease the chances to practice corresponding muscles (Oswalt. 2014). and F spend time with their baby. baby A and E start talking in 10 and 12 age in months respectively while baby B and C start talking in 14 and 15 age in months respectively. for example. which lead their child to become more sociable (LaFortune. babies are being take care by the grandparent or foreign domestic helper only. This hindered what they can provide to their baby for the development. Baby C has the largest delay between actual age and developmental age may be due to relative low education level and income. Although baby E uses baby walker. because the baby is reared by grandparents. Although parents of baby C and D also reported that they have encouraged their baby to stand and walk. Parents of the baby A.

when her child is able to ingest solid food. sitting. play and creative action. First. Second. 2005). or putting the baby to sleep which increase the bonding between mother and baby. mothers and babies begin to bond from the moment of conception (Beraldi Salgado. Most of the interviewees. McElwain. & DesRosiers. 2005). As encouragement is important for children development in all aspects. In the social area. crawling. 2014) and form an attachment. mothers are baby's teachers. mother teaching their baby rolling over.1995). According to Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model. and standing is important when infant and toddler complete a task (Macfie. Sometimes. The interviewees enjoy playing. Most of the mother in the interview teach their baby to stand and walk with encouragement. & Cox. Knauf-Jensen. cuddling. There are several ways that the mothers view her own role in terms of the baby development. In the child’s development in motor. Houts. Also. Houts. the mother has focused a lot of attention on the baby. mother has to create a proper environment for their children. sitting. Third. McElwain. encouragement during infant and toddler trying to rolling over. mother should know when her child can be trained to use the toilet. crawling. & Abades Porcel. mother of the baby. cognitive and social development. mother may try to draw her own childhood experience to bringing up their own children. mother included in mesosystem which is one of the important factor in child’s immediate settings and such environment are source of influence to baby 4 . but also proper attitudes and behavior (Macfie.3. like physical. when her child is able to play alone etc (BuschRossnagel. enjoy the time with their baby because of the happiness the baby brings to her. & Cox. not only basic skills as talking and walking. and standing. it will give their children space for movement.

F. In R. D. M. A.. Mothers and others: The role of the socializing environment in the development of mastery motivation. S. 5 . It is no lay practices or ideologies of child rearing being noticed during the interviews. According to Erikson’s stage. Westport. 37(1). Spain). If baby is unable to build trust with the primary caregiver. (2014).. and applications (pp. MacTurk. & DesRosiers. Morgan (Eds. CT. (1995). E. A. Revista De Enfermería (Barcelona. 18-25.. N. such as mother. [Bibliographic study of bonding: caring for the motherchild attachment].) . it will affect child social ability in future because the child cannot trust others (Shaffer. 117-145). Reference: Beraldi Salgado.development. & Abades Porcel. the most important crisis to baby before 2 year-old is trust. conceptualizations. 2010). H. Busch-Rossnagel. Knauf-Jensen. US: Ablex Publishing. Mastery motivation: Origins. D. G.

2005. & Cox. J.). from http://www. The Effect of Father–Toddler and Mother– Toddler Role Reversal on the Development of Behavior Problems in Kindergarten.com/article/267910-what-is-the-family-impact-onearly-childhood-development/ Macfie. A. Retrieved February 24. doi:10.who.mentalhelp. D.. (2007. J. R.. L.).d. Social Development. February 2). World Health Organization. 14(3). Developmental Psychology (8th ed. (2005).1111/j. 514-531. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning. R. A.net/poc/view_doc. Houts. from http://www. 2015. (2014. M. 2015.x Oswalt. Windows of achievement for six gross motor milestones. 2015.LaFortune.php?type=doc&id=10111&cn=461 Shaffer. Infancy Physical Development: Gross Motor Skills. McElwain.pdf?ua=1 6 .. (2010).int/childgrowth/standards/mm_windows_table. M. (n.1467-9507. Retrieved February 24.00314. What Is the Family Impact on Early Childhood Development? Retrieved February 25. from http://www.livestrong. January 10). N.